CN104170609B - High-quality blueberry seedling cultivation method - Google Patents

High-quality blueberry seedling cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104170609B
CN104170609B CN201310211238.4A CN201310211238A CN104170609B CN 104170609 B CN104170609 B CN 104170609B CN 201310211238 A CN201310211238 A CN 201310211238A CN 104170609 B CN104170609 B CN 104170609B
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China
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matrix
seedling
bed
transplanting
branch
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310211238.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104170609A (en
Inventor
聂飞
文光琴
何健
方品武
文光忠
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GUIZHOU RUILAN FRUIT INDUSTRY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU RUILAN FRUIT INDUSTRY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310211238.4A priority Critical patent/CN104170609B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-quality blueberry seedling cultivation method which comprises the following steps of (1) mixing a transplanting matrix, and putting the matrix into a pot; (2) constructing a transplanting bed; (3) transplanting rooted seedlings; (4) performing stumping and pinching to promote growth of clumpy shoots; (5) applying fertilizers at proper time; (6) performing spray irrigation at proper time; (7) grading outplanting specifications: after cultivation for 8 months, the specifications of pot seedlings of outplanting commodities are that seedling clumps are 50cm high, and more than 4 branched clumpy shoots are obtained; the crowns of the seedling clumps are wider than 25cm, and the commercial seedling rate is up to over 93 percent.

Description

High-quality blueberry seedling fostering method
Technical field
The present invention relates to blueberry field of planting is and in particular to high-quality blueberry seedling fostering method.
Background technology
China's blueberry is introduced a fine variety and the existing 30 years history of artificial cultivation, and its development course is very slow, and main cause one is blue Certain kind of berries sapling multiplication is big with breeding method difficulty, and cultivation quantity is few, have impact on industry development.Nearly ten years, domestic by tissue train Support after solving the propagation method of blueberry with epicormic branch cuttage, large-scale planting is progressively accelerated.The currently blueberry commodity of domestic cultivation Seedling is mainly 12cm container seedling and bare-root seeding, and bare-root seeding plantation survival rate is not high, especially even more so in south China mountain region, becomes Seedling seedling-slowing stage of living is long, and undergrowth;12cm container seedling only solely dry major branch, no branch, after plantation, it is grown thickly 2 years early stages Branch is sprouted seldom, and hat width is little, slowly effect.We show, blueberry seedling does not lie in height through experiment in cultivation research for many years, and Dense in branch of growing thickly, and drawn a set of high-quality and efficient blueberry seedling fostering method, business should be significantly improved in this way Product seedling quality and survival rate of planting seedlings.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcoming the shortcomings and deficiencies of traditional method, and high-quality blueberry seedling fostering side is proposed Method, to solve the problems, such as in background technology.
High-quality blueberry seedling fostering method, comprises the following steps:(1) transplanting medium allotment, dress alms bowl:Matrix is high-quality blueberry The basis that seedling is cultivated, 1. matrix take the acid humus mycorhiza soil aseptic yellow ground soil of 50%+ 50% to be sufficiently mixed;Matrix is 2. Become thoroughly decomposed the farm manure (pigs and cattle barnyard manure) 10% that ferments, and in back cut diameter 14cm, the disposable plastic alms bowl of high 14cm, is initially charged with 10% Matrix 2. in bottom, then reinstall 90% matrix 1.;(2) transplant bed to build:Build transplanting bed, bed case face width on level land 200cm, length is different according to landform, and begin to rehearse between bed case and bed case ditch depth 20--30cm, wide 30cm--40cm, sets in gutter Put the high rotary irrigation shower nozzle of 150--160cm;(3) rooted plantlet is transplanted:The rooted plantlet cultivated then is transplanted to and installs In the polypots container of matrix, and closely uniformly it is placed on ready bed case after stump;(4) stump, pinching growth-promoting clump branch: Before early spring sprouting sprouts, transplanting seedling is carried out pruning stump, promote its clump of branch and sprout.Summer is carried out to single raw steep long shoot immediately Pinching, promotees its how mitogenetic side shoot, makes pot seedling clump branch uniform growth;(5) topdress in good time:Impose respectively at late March, mid-May N.P.K composite fertilizer twice;(6) spray in good time:Because cooperation matrix is loose ventilative, not drought-resistant, fine day finger is from polypots Inside from top to bottom check matrix wettability, when alms bowl middle and upper part 2/5ths matrix is xeothermic, spraying after at 16 points in afternoon is irrigated, Till polypots is impregnated with water;(7) it is classified out garden specification:Through the cultivation of 8 months, going out garden commodity pot seedling specification was:Miao Cong High 50cm, more than 4, mitogenetic clump branch, wide more than the 25cm of Miao Cong hat, commercial seedling rate reaches more than 93%.
The advantage of the method for the present invention:1st, blueberry root system unrooted hair, mainly by assist absorption nutrient after fungal infection symbiosis, In the acid humus mycorhiza soil of this law matrix configuration, there is substantial amounts of wild flora to inoculate blueberry root system, promote its absorption nutrient and supply it Growth, 2. matrix can provide sufficient organic fertilizer resource for seedling late growing stage;2nd, one of key factor of culture high-quality seedling is raw Root seedling replanting stump and pinching, promote a grow thickly uniform growth, root system of pot seedling dense, are conducive to improving building well planting seedlings and survive Rate, survives sapling up-growth soon, takes effect notable.
The key point of the method for the present invention:1. the preparation transplanting composite interstitial substance uses;2. stump, pinching, topdress in good time with The match technology means such as sprinkling irrigation in good time.
Beneficial effect:
The invention has the advantages that:1st, blueberry root system unrooted hair, mainly by assist absorption nutrient after fungal infection symbiosis, this In the acid humus mycorhiza soil of method matrix configuration, there is substantial amounts of wild flora to inoculate blueberry root system, promote its absorption nutrient and supply it to give birth to Long, 2. matrix can provide sufficient organic fertilizer resource for seedling late growing stage;2nd, one of key factor of culture high-quality seedling is to take root Seedling replanting stump and pinching, promote a grow thickly uniform growth, root system of pot seedling dense, are conducive to improving building well and plant seedlings survival rate, Survive sapling up-growth fast, take effect notable.
Specific embodiment
In order that the technological means of the present invention, creation characteristic, workflow, using method reached purpose and effect are easy to bright White understanding, with reference to tool embodiment, is expanded on further the present invention.
High-quality blueberry seedling fostering method, comprises the following steps:(1) transplanting medium allotment, dress alms bowl:Matrix is high-quality blueberry The basis that seedling is cultivated, 1. matrix take the acid humus mycorhiza soil aseptic yellow ground soil of 50%+ 50% to be sufficiently mixed;Matrix is 2. Become thoroughly decomposed the farm manure (pigs and cattle barnyard manure) 10% that ferments, and in back cut diameter 14cm, the disposable plastic alms bowl of high 14cm, is initially charged with 10% Matrix 2. in bottom, then reinstall 90% matrix 1.;(2) transplant bed to build:Build transplanting bed, bed case face width on level land 200cm, length is different according to landform, and begin to rehearse between bed case and bed case ditch depth 30cm, wide 40cm, and in gutter, setting 160cm is high Rotary irrigation shower nozzle;(3) rooted plantlet is transplanted:The rooted plantlet cultivated then is transplanted to the polypots appearance installing matrix In device, and closely uniformly it is placed on ready bed case after stump;(4) stump, pinching growth-promoting clump branch:Sprout in early spring sprouting Front carry out pruning stump to transplanting seedling, promote its clump of branch and sprout.Summer carries out instant pinching to single raw steep long shoot, how mitogenetic promotees it Side shoot, makes pot seedling clump branch uniform growth;(5) topdress in good time:Impose N.P.K composite fertilizer twice respectively at late March, mid-May; (6) spray in good time:Because cooperation matrix is loose ventilative, not drought-resistant, fine day finger from top to bottom checks base in polypots Matter wettability, when alms bowl middle and upper part 2/5ths matrix is xeothermic, spraying after at 16 points in afternoon is irrigated, until polypots is impregnated with water Till;(7) it is classified out garden specification:Through the cultivation of 8 months, going out garden commodity pot seedling specification was:The high 50cm of seedling clump, mitogenetic clump branch 4 More than branch, wide more than the 25cm of Miao Cong hat, commercial seedling rate reaches more than 93%.
General principle and principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry , it should be appreciated that the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally for personnel The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, these changes Change and improvement both falls within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope by appending claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of high-quality blueberry seedling fostering method is it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(1) transplanting medium allotment, dress alms bowl: Matrix is the basis that high-quality blueberry seedling is cultivated, and 1. matrix take acid humus mycorhiza soil 50%+ aseptic yellow ground soil 50% abundant Mixing;2. matrix become thoroughly decomposed the pigs and cattle barnyard manure of fermentation, in back cut diameter 14cm, the disposable plastic alms bowl of high 14cm, first fills Enter 10% matrix 2. in bottom, then reinstall 90% matrix 1.;(2) transplant bed to build:Build transplanting bed, bed railway carriage or compartment on level land Face width 200cm, length is different according to landform, and begin to rehearse between bed railway carriage or compartment and bed railway carriage or compartment ditch depth 20--30cm, wide 30cm--40cm, in gutter The high rotary irrigation shower nozzle of middle setting 150--160cm;(3) rooted plantlet is transplanted:The rooted plantlet cultivated then is transplanted to Install in the polypots container of matrix, and be closely uniformly placed on ready bed railway carriage or compartment after stump;(4) stump, pinching growth-promoting Cong Zhi:Before early spring sprouting sprouts, transplanting seedling is carried out pruning stump, promote its clump of branch and sprout;Summer is carried out to single raw branch of excessive growth Pinching in time, promotees its how mitogenetic side shoot, makes pot seedling clump branch uniform growth;(5) topdress in good time:Respectively at late March, mid-May Impose N.P.K composite fertilizer twice;(6) spray in good time:Because cooperation matrix is loose ventilative, not drought-resistant, fine day finger is from moulding From top to bottom check matrix wettability in material alms bowl, when alms bowl middle and upper part 2/5ths matrix is xeothermic, spray after at 16 points in afternoon Irrigate, till polypots is impregnated with water;(7) it is classified out garden specification:Through the cultivation of 8 months, going out garden commodity pot seedling specification was: The high 50cm of seedling clump, more than 4, mitogenetic clump branch, wide more than the 25cm of Miao Cong hat, commercial seedling rate reaches more than 93%.
CN201310211238.4A 2013-05-25 2013-05-25 High-quality blueberry seedling cultivation method Expired - Fee Related CN104170609B (en)

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CN104170609B true CN104170609B (en) 2017-02-15

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104381077A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-03-04 湖南秀泽农业发展有限公司 Effective planting technology of blueberry
CN105875314B (en) * 2014-12-10 2018-11-20 丹东农业科学院 Northern blueberry shaping and trimming method
CN107409737A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-12-01 四川省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of container culturing method of the organic high yield of blueberry

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN101904286A (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-12-08 董文卓 Method for growing blueberry
JP5717111B2 (en) * 2011-05-25 2015-05-13 国立大学法人東京農工大学 Blueberry production method and continuous flowering blueberry obtained by the method

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