CN104170584B - Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine - Google Patents

Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104170584B
CN104170584B CN201410424923.XA CN201410424923A CN104170584B CN 104170584 B CN104170584 B CN 104170584B CN 201410424923 A CN201410424923 A CN 201410424923A CN 104170584 B CN104170584 B CN 104170584B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
water
frame
sprocket
pasture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410424923.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104170584A (en
Inventor
莫锁龙
王叶苗
Original Assignee
莫锁龙
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 莫锁龙 filed Critical 莫锁龙
Priority to CN201410424923.XA priority Critical patent/CN104170584B/en
Publication of CN104170584A publication Critical patent/CN104170584A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104170584B publication Critical patent/CN104170584B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, comprise collecting mechanism, power drive mechanism, cutting mechanism, cutting-height governor motion, manipulation frame, float plate, electric machine controller and battery pack, collecting mechanism is fixed in manipulation frame by front-end bearing pedestal and rear bearing block, power drive mechanism is arranged in manipulation frame and controls collecting mechanism running, cutting mechanism is arranged on the front end of manipulation frame, by collecting mechanism controlled motion, the lower end of cutting-height governor motion is hinged in float plate, and be fixed in manipulation frame, be used for controlling the height of manipulation frame front cutting mechanism, described electric machine controller is fixedly mounted on manipulation frame, power drive mechanism and electric machine controller are all electrically connected with dc source, synchronously can carry out pasture and water cutting like this and collect salvaging, without the need to lower water operation, only need a people just can complete the cutting of pasture and water like a cork and automatically collect.

Description

Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, particularly relate to a kind of pasture and water cutting collecting device.
Background technology
In the waters of river crab culture pond, support habit, must plant pasture and water in pond according to river crab is long, its effect main manifestations is:
The first, purification pond water quality, reduces the harmful substance such as ammonia nitrogen, nitrite.
The second, for river crab provides natural erbium material and habitat.
If but the growth of the wild plant such as pasture and water too much, too highly can cause following negative interaction again:
The first, pond is because of pasture and water undue growth, and the oxygen in pasture and water meeting at night taken in excess water, causes hypoxemia, affect river crab normal growth, can cause river crab hypoxia death time serious.
The second, affect pond waters proper flow make oxygen in water can not in the vertical direction with horizontal direction convection current homogenizing.
3rd, pasture and water overstocked too high be unfavorable for river crab travel activity and seek food, be more unfavorable for throwing erbium.
4th, the too much too high walking that can affect management ship of pasture and water, also can affect the clean and tidy and attractive in appearance of water environment, and can hinder the proper flow of water body, destroy water area ecological environment.
Therefore regularly must cut removing to the water plants in pond, according to culture of Chinese mitten crab requirement, in pond, pasture and water area should control at 60% ~ 65% of the pond gross area, and pasture and water growing height should control in 30 ~ 50 centimetres, dried up face.
At present, the cutting pasture and water majority removed in waters adopts artificial cutting salvaging mode, during cleaning, under people must put on rainwear, water carries out mowing fishing, the degree of depth disunity that this mode is not only mowed, and cutting is not thorough, manual work is second-rate, labour intensity is large, inefficiency, especially under early spring or late autumn water operation not only people can be subject to the long-term infringement of low-temperature cold water, and the labour intensity salvaging pasture and water is high, people are reluctant lower water operation, but do not have desirable replacement equipment.
Shanghai Ocean University discloses a kind of direct-drive Small-sized Marine formula pasture and water cutting machine in Chinese patent 201210264061.X, and it is made up of gasoline engine, extension shaft, support, leading screw, pipe guideway, knife rest, eccentric wheel, blade and clip.Support is connected by clip with hull, clip and support, support and gasoline engine, support and pipe guideway are all bolted, output shaft of gasoline engine is directly connected with the eccentric wheel power shaft be positioned in the middle of blade by extension shaft, and screw-nut body makes knife rest move up and down, and regulates and cuts deeply.Although this direct-drive marine type pasture and water cutting machine can cut the pasture and water in waters, but can not salvage and go on board, can only pasture and water be swum in water, want the pasture and water after by cutting to salvage hull recycles and also need manually to salvage cleaning, therefore can not substitute the manual work of pasture and water completely.Meanwhile, this pasture and water cutting machine hull is large, and drinking water is dark, is only applicable to the darker river of water level and lake, cannot use for the pasture and water cutting salvaging in the river crab cultivation pond that water level is more shallow.
Market is in the urgent need to one floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, and it synchronously can carry out pasture and water cutting and collect salvaging to the pasture and water of the plantation in river crab culture pond, and operating personnel, without the need to lower water operation, only need a people just can complete the cutting of pasture and water like a cork and automatically collect.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, be specially adapted to the pasture and water cutting of river crab cultivation pond and collect salvaging, operating personnel are without the need to lower water operation, its structure is simple, mowing height is adjustable, and volume is little, lightweight, convenient in carrying, cost is low.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is as follows:
A kind of floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, it is characterized in that: comprise collecting mechanism, power drive mechanism, cutting mechanism, cutting-height governor motion, manipulation frame, float plate, electric machine controller and dc source, collecting mechanism comprises front propeller shaft, front sprocket wheel, front-end bearing pedestal, inter-axle shaft, rear sprocket wheel, rear bearing block, chain and conveying cross bar, front propeller shaft is fixed on the front end of manipulation frame by two front-end bearing pedestals, on front propeller shaft, compartment of terrain arranges two front sprocket wheels, and two front sprocket wheels are arranged between two front-end bearing pedestals, inter-axle shaft is fixed on the rear end of manipulation frame by two rear bearing blocks, sprocket wheel after compartment of terrain arranges two on inter-axle shaft, after two, sprocket wheel is arranged between two rear bearing blocks, front sprocket wheel and the distribution of rear sprocket wheel conllinear, connected by chain between the two, two chains be arranged in parallel are interval with conveying cross bar, power drive mechanism comprises motor fixing frame, direct current generator, drive sprocket, driven sprocket and power chain, motor fixing frame is fixed in manipulation frame, direct current generator is fixedly mounted on motor fixing frame, drive sprocket is by DC motor Driver, driven sprocket is fixedly mounted on inter-axle shaft, and distribute with drive sprocket conllinear, drive sprocket is connected by power chain with driven sprocket, cutting mechanism comprises eccentric wheel, cam pin, connecting rod, ship and resell on another market, bearing pin, " L " type cursor, stir pin, fixed blade and moving blade, eccentric wheel is fixedly mounted on the side of front propeller shaft, " L " type cursor is hinged in manipulation frame by shipping and reselling on another market, and be placed in the front end of front propeller shaft, one end of connecting rod is hinged on eccentric wheel by cam pin, the other end is by the side of hinge at " L " type cursor, fixed blade is arranged on the front end of manipulation frame, moving blade is placed on fixed blade, and be hinged with " L " type cursor by stirring pin, described cutting-height governor motion comprises guide post, fairlead and lock-screw, the lower end of rotary supporting rod is hinged in float plate, and fairlead suit on the guide bar, and is fixed in manipulation frame, lock-screw is screwed on fairlead sidewall, carries out locking spacing to rotary supporting rod, described manipulation frame is arranged in float plate by rotary supporting rod is rotating, described electric machine controller be fixedly mounted on manipulation frame on, direct current generator by DC power supply, by motor controller controls.
Further, float plate comprises cystosepiment and connecting frame, and cystosepiment is fixed into a job platform of bubbling through the water column by connecting frame.
Further, collecting mechanism is also provided with transmission net, described transmission net is wrapped in the outside of all conveying cross bars, and its transverse width is identical with the length of chain.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
The fixed blade of cutting mechanism and the position of moving blade are adjusted to the appropriate location need cutting pasture and water by the rotary bearing rod of cutting-height governor motion, the position of manipulation frame is fixed by guide post and lock-screw, then direct current generator is started, now DC MOTOR CONTROL drive sprocket drives, driven sprocket is driven to rotate by power chain, like this, the inter-axle shaft be connected on driven sprocket rotates, after two above it, sprocket wheel drives front sprocket wheel and front propeller shaft to rotate together by chain, be connected to the cutting mechanism setting in motion on front propeller shaft, namely the eccentric wheel be arranged on front propeller shaft prolongs eccentric wheel by one end of cam pin drivening rod and moves in a circle, one end that " L " type of drive cursor is connected with connecting rod seesaws relative to manipulating frame, " L " type cursor other end is made to drive moving blade to do side-to-side movement relative to fixed blade, just can cut pasture and water, meanwhile, conveying cross bar on chain rotates thereupon, the pasture and water cut down can be driven to collect in ship.
Due to collecting mechanism of the present invention, power drive mechanism, cutting mechanism and cutting-height governor motion are arranged in manipulation frame dexterously, and be arranged in float plate, be convenient to entirety and swim in operation on the water surface, direct current generator is by DC power supply, controlled by electric machine controller, direct current generator drives collecting mechanism, power drive mechanism and cutting mechanism collaborative work, complete pasture and water by cutting mechanism to cut, after cutting, pasture and water all swim on the water surface, carry out collection by collecting mechanism to pasture and water salvage and be transported in float plate, power drive mechanism is responsible for the power of direct current generator to pass to collecting mechanism and cutting mechanism, cutting-height governor motion is used for the rotation of regulable control manipulation frame, according to the degree of depth of water under the cutting mechanism that mowing height controls to be arranged on before manipulation frame, thus fixed height cutting can be carried out according to the position of pasture and water under water, by collecting mechanism, the pasture and water after cutting are collected on ship, if when after cutting, pasture and water length is shorter, only be difficult to collect by conveying cross bar, transmission net set up by conveying cross bar, just effectively can collect these pasture and water, such structure synchronously can carry out pasture and water cutting and collect salvaging, without the need to lower water operation, only need a people just can complete the cutting of pasture and water like a cork and automatically collect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention (vertical view);
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the present invention (lateral plan);
Fig. 3 is the transmission schematic diagram (vertical view) of collecting mechanism and power drive mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the transmission schematic diagram (lateral plan) of collecting mechanism and power drive mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of cutting mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the syndeton schematic diagram of cutting-height governor motion, manipulation frame and float plate;
In figure: 1-collecting mechanism; 2-power drive mechanism; 3-cutting mechanism; 4-cutting-height governor motion; 5-manipulates frame; 6-float plate; 7-electric machine controller; 8-dc source; 11-front propeller shaft; Sprocket wheel before 12-; 13-front-end bearing pedestal; 14-inter-axle shaft; Sprocket wheel after 15-; 16-rear bearing block; 17-chain; 18-carries cross bar; 21-motor fixing frame; 22-direct current generator; 23-drive sprocket; 24-driven sprocket; 25-power chain; 31-eccentric wheel; 32-cam pin; 33-connecting rod; 34-ships and resell on another market; 35-bearing pin; 36-" L " type cursor; 37-stirs pin; 38-fixed blade; 39-moving blade; 41-guide post; 42-fairlead; 43-lock-screw; 51-rotary supporting rod.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described:
Embodiment 1: a kind of floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, as shown in figs. 1 to 6: it comprises collecting mechanism 1, power drive mechanism 2, cutting mechanism 3, cutting-height governor motion 4, manipulation frame 5, float plate 6, electric machine controller 7 and dc source 8, collecting mechanism 1 comprises front propeller shaft 11, front sprocket wheel 12, front-end bearing pedestal 13, inter-axle shaft 14, rear sprocket wheel 15, rear bearing block 16, chain 17 and conveying cross bar 18, front propeller shaft 11 is fixed on the front end of manipulation frame 5 by two front-end bearing pedestals 13, on front propeller shaft 11, compartment of terrain arranges two front sprocket wheels 12, two front sprocket wheels 12 are arranged between two front-end bearing pedestals 13, inter-axle shaft 14 is fixed on the rear end of manipulation frame 5 by two rear bearing blocks 16, sprocket wheel 15 after compartment of terrain arranges two on inter-axle shaft 14, after two, sprocket wheel 15 is arranged between two rear bearing blocks 16, front sprocket wheel 12 and the distribution of rear sprocket wheel 15 conllinear, connected by chain 17 between the two, two chains be arranged in parallel 17 are interval with conveying cross bar 18, power drive mechanism 2 comprises motor fixing frame 21, direct current generator 22, drive sprocket 23, driven sprocket 24 and power chain 25, motor fixing frame 21 is fixed in manipulation frame 5, direct current generator 22 is fixedly mounted on motor fixing frame 21, drive sprocket 23 is driven by direct current generator 22, driven sprocket 24 is fixedly mounted on inter-axle shaft 14, and distribute with drive sprocket 23 conllinear, drive sprocket 23 is connected by power chain 25 with driven sprocket 24, cutting mechanism 3 comprises eccentric wheel 31, cam pin 32, connecting rod 33, ship and resell on another market 34, bearing pin 35, " L " type cursor 36, stir pin 37, fixed blade 38 and moving blade 39, eccentric wheel 31 is fixedly mounted on the side of front propeller shaft 11, " L " type cursor 36 by ship and resell on another market 34 be hinged on manipulation frame 5 on, and be placed in the front end of front propeller shaft 11, one end of connecting rod 33 is hinged on eccentric wheel 31 by cam pin 32, the other end is hinged on the side of " L " type cursor 36 by bearing pin 35, fixed blade 38 is arranged on the front end of manipulation frame 5, moving blade 39 is placed on fixed blade 38, and be hinged with " L " type cursor 36 by stirring pin 37, described cutting-height governor motion 4 comprises guide post 41, fairlead 42 and lock-screw 43, the lower end of rotary supporting rod 51 is hinged in float plate 6, fairlead 42 is sleeved on guide post 41, and be fixed in manipulation frame 5, lock-screw 43 is screwed on fairlead 42 sidewall, carries out locking spacing to rotary supporting rod 51, described manipulation frame 5 is arranged in float plate 6 by rotary supporting rod 51 is rotating, described electric machine controller 7 is fixedly mounted in manipulation frame 5, direct current generator 22 and electric machine controller 7 are all electrically connected with dc source 8, float plate 6 comprises cystosepiment and connecting frame, and cystosepiment is fixed into a job platform of bubbling through the water column by connecting frame.
Embodiment 2:
With above-described embodiment difference with, collecting mechanism 1 is also provided with transmission net, and described transmission net is wrapped in the outside of all conveying cross bars 18, and its transverse width is identical with the length of chain 17.

Claims (3)

1. a floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine, it is characterized in that: comprise collecting mechanism (1), power drive mechanism (2), cutting mechanism (3), cutting-height governor motion (4), manipulation frame (5), float plate (6), electric machine controller (7) and dc source (8), collecting mechanism (1) comprises front propeller shaft (11), front sprocket wheel (12), front-end bearing pedestal (13), inter-axle shaft (14), rear sprocket wheel (15), rear bearing block (16), chain (17) and conveying cross bar (18), front propeller shaft (11) is fixed on the front end of manipulation frame (5) by two front-end bearing pedestals (13), in the upper compartment of terrain of front propeller shaft (11), two front sprocket wheels (12) are set, two front sprocket wheels (12) are arranged between two front-end bearing pedestals (13), inter-axle shaft (14) is fixed on the rear end of manipulation frame (5) by two rear bearing blocks (16), sprocket wheel (15) after the upper compartment of terrain of inter-axle shaft (14) arranges two, after two, sprocket wheel (15) is arranged between two rear bearing blocks (16), front sprocket wheel (12) and the distribution of rear sprocket wheel (15) conllinear, connected by chain (17) between the two, two chains be arranged in parallel (17) are interval with conveying cross bar (18), power drive mechanism (2) comprises motor fixing frame (21), direct current generator (22), drive sprocket (23), driven sprocket (24) and power chain (25), motor fixing frame (21) is fixed in manipulation frame (5), direct current generator (22) is fixedly mounted on motor fixing frame (21), drive sprocket (23) is driven by direct current generator (22), driven sprocket (24) is fixedly mounted on inter-axle shaft (14), and distribute with drive sprocket (23) conllinear, drive sprocket (23) is connected by power chain (25) with driven sprocket (24), cutting mechanism (3) comprises eccentric wheel (31), cam pin (32), connecting rod (33), ship and resell on another market (34), bearing pin (35), " L " type cursor (36), stir pin (37), fixed blade (38) and moving blade (39), eccentric wheel (31) is fixedly mounted on the side of front propeller shaft (11), " L " type cursor (36) is hinged in manipulation frame (5) by ship and resell on another market (34), and be placed in the front end of front propeller shaft (11), one end of connecting rod (33) is hinged on eccentric wheel (31) by cam pin (32), the other end is hinged on the side of " L " type cursor (36) by bearing pin (35), fixed blade (38) is arranged on the front end of manipulation frame (5), moving blade (39) is placed on fixed blade (38), and be hinged with " L " type cursor (36) by stirring pin (37), described cutting-height governor motion (4) comprises guide post (41), fairlead (42) and lock-screw (43), the lower end of rotary supporting rod (51) is hinged in float plate (6), fairlead (42) is sleeved on guide post (41), and be fixed in manipulation frame (5), lock-screw (43) is screwed on fairlead (42) sidewall, carries out locking spacing to rotary supporting rod (51), described manipulation frame (5) is arranged in float plate (6) by rotary supporting rod (51) is rotating, described electric machine controller (7) is fixedly mounted in manipulation frame (5), direct current generator (22) is powered by dc source (8), is controlled by electric machine controller (7).
2. floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: float plate (6) comprises cystosepiment and connecting frame, cystosepiment is fixed into a job platform of bubbling through the water column by connecting frame.
3. floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on collecting mechanism (1), be also provided with transmission net, described transmission net is wrapped in the outside of all conveying cross bars (18), and its transverse width is identical with the length of chain (17).
CN201410424923.XA 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine Expired - Fee Related CN104170584B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410424923.XA CN104170584B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410424923.XA CN104170584B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104170584A CN104170584A (en) 2014-12-03
CN104170584B true CN104170584B (en) 2015-12-23

Family

ID=51952161

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410424923.XA Expired - Fee Related CN104170584B (en) 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104170584B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103776B (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-03-29 洛阳理工学院 A kind of aquatic cutting mechanism for weed cutting ship
CN106677146A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-17 上海理工大学 Aquatic weed cleaning and collecting equipment
CN108271518A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-07-13 石河子大学 A kind of aspiration cutting type safflower silk picking machine
CN108739082A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 洛阳理工学院 Agaricus bisporus mushroom bed is with cutting mushroom vehicle
CN111543175B (en) * 2020-06-08 2021-05-07 熊晒 Automatic lettuce harvesting device for fish-vegetable symbiotic vegetable planting

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2102612U (en) * 1990-07-11 1992-04-29 内蒙古农牧学院 Combined harvester for underwater plants
US5430998A (en) * 1994-04-01 1995-07-11 Albrecht; Allan J. Underwater weed cutting machine
CN201308007Y (en) * 2008-12-04 2009-09-16 徐祥来 Shear mode laver marine harvester
CN202773365U (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-03-13 上海海洋大学 Reciprocating type waterweed cutting device
CN204047187U (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-12-31 莫锁龙 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4885902A (en) * 1988-04-13 1989-12-12 Michael Schmidt Aquatic vegetation harvester

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2102612U (en) * 1990-07-11 1992-04-29 内蒙古农牧学院 Combined harvester for underwater plants
US5430998A (en) * 1994-04-01 1995-07-11 Albrecht; Allan J. Underwater weed cutting machine
CN201308007Y (en) * 2008-12-04 2009-09-16 徐祥来 Shear mode laver marine harvester
CN202773365U (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-03-13 上海海洋大学 Reciprocating type waterweed cutting device
CN204047187U (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-12-31 莫锁龙 Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104170584A (en) 2014-12-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104170584B (en) Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine
CN101990811B (en) Small electric remote control aquatic weed harvester
CN103875358A (en) Full-automatic mechanical aquatic plant cleaning boat for river crab aquaculture
CN205124361U (en) Pasture and water device is cut on crab pool
CN204452859U (en) Powerful weed cutting ship
CN107079899B (en) Agricultural is with high-efficient sprinkler of pesticide
CN201071502Y (en) Device for clearing floater on water surface
CN102714969B (en) Novel underwater mowing machine
CN204047187U (en) Floating type pasture and water cutting gathering machine
CN203735090U (en) Full-automatic aquatic plant clearing machine boat used for river crab culture
CN202941146U (en) Aquatic weed reaping ship
CN103452085A (en) Water grass and water surface garbage removing machine
AU2014320036A1 (en) Seaweed farming system
CN201015294Y (en) Small float grass harvester
CN207911371U (en) Propulsion device is cut in a kind of mowing of underwater weed-cutting launch
CN102273362A (en) Rapidly detachable small-sized aquatic weed reaping machine for ships
CN202958200U (en) Full-automatic underwater weeding boat
CN204811006U (en) A pasture and water conveyer for ship is reaped to pasture and water
CN106550651A (en) A kind of water route dual-purpose mower
CN105052382A (en) Aquatic plant transporter for aquatic plant harvesting boat
CN203340597U (en) Small aquatic plant harvester
CN202819068U (en) Vehicle-mounted aquatic plant trimming device
CN202958199U (en) Underwater weeding device
CN204110326U (en) A kind of aquatic cutting mechanism
CN210746095U (en) Full-automatic float grass harvester

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151223

Termination date: 20200826

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee