CN104166450A - Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip - Google Patents

Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104166450A
CN104166450A CN 201410410378 CN201410410378A CN104166450A CN 104166450 A CN104166450 A CN 104166450A CN 201410410378 CN201410410378 CN 201410410378 CN 201410410378 A CN201410410378 A CN 201410410378A CN 104166450 A CN104166450 A CN 104166450A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fw
vr
chip
version
motherboard
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201410410378
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗嗣恒
Original Assignee
浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 filed Critical 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司
Priority to CN 201410410378 priority Critical patent/CN104166450A/en
Publication of CN104166450A publication Critical patent/CN104166450A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for distinguishing FW versions of a VR chip. The method comprises the steps that a code for distinguishing the versions is swiped in a user defined register of the VR chip, in the production link of a mainboard, a software tool is used for reading the content of the register, and the content is compared with information which is input normally to judge whether omitted wiping of the FW of the VR chip of the mainboard happens or not. The method can be used in a quality control end for avoiding risks, in the production process of the mainboard, omitted wiping of the FW of a normal version is avoided, and the disastrous problems of burning of a CPU, a memory and the like caused by errors of the versions due to the FW are reduced.

Description

—种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法 - kind of VR chip FW version of distinguishing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及服务器主板品质管控领域,具体涉及一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to quality control server board, and in particular relates to a VR chip version of FW discrimination method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 伴随数字时代的到来,数字技术已经渗透到人们日常生活的各个领域。 [0002] along with the digital era, digital technology has penetrated into all areas of daily life. 比如:电视、洗衣机、手机、乃至数据机房的服务器。 For example: server televisions, washing machines, mobile phones, and even the data room. 数字信号具有:抗干扰性强、便于计算机识别处理、保密性好、信号传递信息的准确性高等优点。 A digital signal comprising: a strong interference, facilitate recognition computer processing, confidentiality, signaling information accuracy advantages. 随着数字技术的广泛应用,作为服务器稳定工作的基石一电源,也开始用数字方式来实现对开关变换的控制,即数字电源技术。 With the spread of digital technology, a power source server as the cornerstone of stable operation, but also start with digitally controlled switches to achieve transformation, i.e., digital power technology.

[0003] 数字电源属于一个闭环控制系统,通过对电源输出端电压进行采样,然后对采样的电压值做数字化处理,并将处理后的数字信号输入至电源控制芯片进行运算处理,产生合适的PWM信号来控制开关MOS管的导通关断,最后通过输出滤波环节实现电压的稳定输出。 [0003] The digital power belongs to a closed loop control system, by sampling the power supply output voltage, then the voltage values ​​sampled as digital processing, and the digital signal processed input to the power control chip arithmetic processing, generates the appropriate PWM signal to control switching of the MOS transistor is turned off, the output voltage stability is achieved by the last part of the output filter. 以保障服务器在所有客户应用中的正常脉搏。 Normal pulse in order to protect the server all customer applications.

[0004] 数字电源由于具有在线升级的特点,因此,在当前服务器主板供电设计方面已成为主流方案。 [0004] Since the digital power has upgraded online features, therefore, in the current server motherboard power supply design has become a mainstream program. 但由于主板的数字VR芯片,当里面的FW不一样,其控制的电压输出也不一样。 However, due to the motherboard VR chip number, is not the same as the inside FW that controls the voltage output are not the same. 一旦FW出现版本的错误,会导致烧CPU、内存等灾难性问题发生。 Once the FW version of the error occurs, it will lead to catastrophic burn CPU, memory and so on take place. 在主板生产过程中,经常会遇到漏刷正式版本的FW,在品质管控环节不加相关措施,最后很容易流入到客户端。 In the board production process, often encounter leak brush the official version of FW, without measures in quality control aspects, it is easy to flow into the final client.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明要解决的技术问题是:为规避该风险,本申请提出:一种VR FW版本的区分方法,这样即可在品质管控端加入该方法来规避风险。 [0005] The present invention is to solve the technical problem: In order to avoid this risk, the present application proposes: VR FW version of one kind discrimination method, so that quality control can be added to the end of the process to avoid risks.

[0006] 本发明所采用的技术方案为: [0006] The technical proposal of the present invention are:

一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法,在VR芯片的用户自定义寄存器中,刷入区分版本的代码,在主板生产环节,用软件工具读出该寄存器的内容,并将该内容与正式导入的信息进行比对,以判断主板的VR芯片FW是否出现漏刷。 VR chip version of FW one kind discrimination method, the user registers VR custom chip, the brush into the versioned code motherboard production processes, reads the contents of the registers in software tools, and the imported content and formal comparing information to determine whether the motherboard VR chip FW brush leakage occurs.

[0007] 所述区分方法操作步骤如下: [0007] The separating method steps are as follows:

1)针对内存VR芯片和CPU VR芯片FW文件,将这些文件中的用户自定义地址对应的内容进行修改,假设初始值为0,修改后为I ; 1) For the CPU and memory chips VR VR chip FW files, these files are user defined corresponding to the contents of the address modification, the initial value is assumed 0, modified to I;

2)将修改后的FW文件及软件工具VRPr0.exe和批处理文件VR_C0DE.bat保存到启动U盘的目录下; 2) the modified FW documents and software tools VRPr0.exe and batch files VR_C0DE.bat saved to the launch of U disk directory;

3)在FW烧录时,硬件方面的准备如下:在主板上安装好CPU和内存,将启动U盘插接在主板的USB接口上,用PSU给主板供电;主板开机后,进入DOS环境,在命令提示符下运行以下命令:VR_C0DE.bat ; 3) When FW programming, hardware prepared as follows: the CPU and the memory installed on the motherboard, the connector boot disk U USB interface on the motherboard, power supply to the motherboard with the PSU; the motherboard boot into the DOS environment, at the command prompt, run the following command: VR_C0DE.bat;

4)FW烧录会自动执行,若主板VR CODE的当前版本为:0,刷新后的版本为1,此时说明:主板的VR芯片FW漏刷;若主板VR CODE的当前版本为:1,刷新后的版本为1,此时说明:主板的VR芯片FW没有漏刷,当前为最新版本。 . 4) FW programming is performed automatically, if the current version of the motherboard VR CODE is: 0, 1 version of refresh, then explained: FW motherboard VR drain brush chip; motherboard VR CODE if the current version is: 1, the refreshed version is 1, then explained: VR chip board FW does not leak brush, currently the latest version.

[0008] 所述VR芯片内的存储空间,里面的存储单元通过列地址与行地址组合来寻址;里面包含有存储VR芯片的地址信息、I2C通信协议信息、VR芯片FW及芯片预留的存储单元;VR芯片在出厂后带有初始FW,在芯片的存储矩阵中,会保留用户自定义的存储单元,通过软件工具将该地址对应的存储单元的信息读取出来,即为当前VR FW的版本信息,假设此时的版本为O ; [0008] The storage within the VR chip, which memory cell row address and column address to addressing composition; which contains the address information storing VR chip, I2C communication protocol information, VR chip and chip reserved FW the storage unit; the VR chip with initial FW after shipping, the memory matrix in the chip, the memory cell retains the user-defined, read out by the software tool corresponding to the address information storage unit, namely the current VR FW version information, assuming that the version is O;

当对VR线路做过优化调整后,会有一个优化的FW文档,将文档中的用户自定义的存储单元地址对应的数值修改为1,假设此时的版本I为FW最新版本; When the VR line optimization and adjustment done, there will be an optimal FW document, the document storage unit address corresponding to the user-defined value of a modification, assuming that the latest version of the FW version I;

在VR芯片FW烧录到VR芯片过程中,通过软件工具判断该用户自定义的存储单元的内容为是O还是I版本,若是O版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW出现漏刷;若是I版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW没出现漏刷。 Programmed into the chip in the VR FW VR chip process, the software tool is determined by the content storage unit as the user-defined version is O or I, O if version, then the motherboard VR chip brush FW leakage occurs; if I Version , then the motherboard VR chip brush FW no leakage occurs.

[0009] 本发明的有益效果为:本发明所提出的一种VR FW版本的区分方法,可在品质管控端加入该方法来规避风险,在主板生产过程中,避免漏刷正式版本的FW,减少因FW出现版本的错误,所导致烧CPU、内存等灾难性问题发生。 [0009] Advantageous effects of the present invention is: one kind VR FW version proposed by the present invention, discrimination method, may be added to the quality control terminal of the method to avoid the risk, in the motherboard production process, to avoid leakage brush official version of FW, reduce the FW version of the error, caused catastrophic burn CPU, memory and so on take place.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1为芯片的存储矩阵示意图。 [0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a matrix memory chip.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0011] 下面参照附图,通过具体实施方式,对本发明进一步说明: [0011] Referring to the drawings, by way of specific embodiments, further explanation of the invention:

一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法,其特征在于:在VR芯片的用户自定义寄存器中,刷入区分版本的代码,在主板生产环节,用软件工具读出该寄存器的内容,并将该内容与正式导入的信息进行比对,以判断主板的VR芯片FW是否出现漏刷。 VR chip version of FW one kind discrimination method, comprising: a user-defined register VR from the chip, the brush into the versioned code motherboard production processes, reads the contents of the register with the software tool, and the content to compare the information into a formal, motherboard VR chip to determine whether leakage occurs FW brush.

[0012] 以一块服务器主板,包含2个CPU和4组内存VR芯片为例, [0012] In a server board, and the CPU 4 contains two groups of memory chips as an example VR,

1)、假设4组内存VR芯片FW的名称为:AB.txt、CD.txt、EF.txt、GH.txt,所对应的I2C地址依次为:addrl、addr2、addr3、addr4 ; 1), assuming the name of FW 4 groups of memory chips as VR: AB.txt, CD.txt, EF.txt, GH.txt, I2C address corresponding to the order of: addrl, addr2, addr3, addr4;

CPUO和CPUl VR芯片FW的名称为:CPU0.txt、CPU 1.txt,所对应的I2C地址依次为:addr5、addr6 ; CPUO name and CPUl VR chip FW is: CPU0.txt, CPU 1.txt, I2C address corresponding to the order of: addr5, addr6;

2)针对 FW 文件:ΑΒ.txt、CD.txt、EF.txt、GH.txt、CPU0.txt、CPUl.txt 这6 个文件中的用户自定义地址对应的内容进行修改(假设初始值为0,修改后为I); 2) For FW file: ΑΒ.txt, CD.txt, EF.txt, GH.txt, CPU0.txt, CPUl.txt six user customized content file corresponding to the modified address (assuming that the initial value of 0 after modification of the I);

3)将修改后的6个FW文件及软件工具VRP1.exe和批处理文件保存到启动U盘的目录下,其中批处理文件VR—CODE, bat内容如下: 3) Save the modified 6 FW files and software tools VRP1.exe and batch files to start the U disk directory, where the batch file VR-CODE, bat reads as follows:

VRPr0.exe addrl AB.txt VRPr0.exe addr2 CD.txt VRPr0.exe addr3 EF.txt VRPr0.exe addr4 GH.txt VRPr0.exe addr5 CPU0.txt VRPr0.exe addr6 CPUl.txt ; VRPr0.exe addrl AB.txt VRPr0.exe addr2 CD.txt VRPr0.exe addr3 EF.txt VRPr0.exe addr4 GH.txt VRPr0.exe addr5 CPU0.txt VRPr0.exe addr6 CPUl.txt;

4)在FW烧录时,硬件方面的准备如下:在主板上安装好CPU和内存,将启动U盘插接在主板的USB接口上,用PSU给主板供电;主板开机后,进入DOS环境,在命令提示符下运行以下命令:VR_C0DE.bat ; 5) FW烧录会自动执行,若主板VR CODE的当前版本为0,刷新后的版本为1,此时说明主板的VR芯片FW漏刷;若主板VR CODE的当前版本为I,刷新后的版本为I,则说明主板的VR芯片FW没有漏刷,当前为最新版本。 4) When FW programming, hardware prepared as follows: the CPU and the memory installed on the motherboard, the connector boot disk U USB interface on the motherboard, power supply to the motherboard with the PSU; the motherboard boot into the DOS environment, run the following commands at a command prompt: VR_C0DE.bat; 5) FW programming is performed automatically, if the current version of the motherboard VR CODE is 0, the refreshed version 1, when the motherboard VR chip described FW drain brush; If the current version of your motherboard VR CODE is I, the refreshed version is I, then the motherboard chip VR FW does not leak brush, currently the latest version.

[0013] 如图1所示,所述VR芯片内的存储空间,里面的存储单元通过列地址与行地址组合来寻址;里面包含有存储VR芯片的地址信息、I2C通信协议信息、VR芯片FW及芯片预留的存储单元; [0013] 1, the storage space within the VR chip, which memory cells addressed by the column address and the row address combinations; VR memory chip which contains address information, I2C communication protocol information, VR chip FW and reserved memory unit chips;

VR芯片在出厂后带有初始FW,在芯片的存储矩阵中,会保留用户自定义的存储单元,如图1所示,其地址为=0x67,那么,通过软件工具将该地址对应的存储单元的信息读取出来,即为当前VR Fff的版本信息(假设此时的版本为:0); VR chip with memory cells after the factory default FW, in the matrix memory chip, the memory cell retains the user-defined, as shown in FIG. 1, which address = 0x67, then the address corresponding to the software tools the information read out is the current version information of the VR Fff (assuming that the version is: 0);

当对VR线路做过优化调整后,会有一个优化的FW文档,可以将文档中的用户自定义的存储单元0x67地址对应的数值修改为I (假设此时的版本为:1,为FW最新版本)。 When the VR line optimization and adjustment done, there will be a FW optimized document may be a document storage unit in the user-defined value corresponding to the address 0x67 is modified I (assuming that the version is: 1, is the latest FW version).

[0014] 那么,在VR芯片FW烧录到VR芯片过程中,可以通过软件工具判断该用户自定义的存储单元地址0x67存储单元的内容为是O还是I版本,若是O版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW出现漏刷;若是I版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW没出现漏刷(已经为最新版本)。 [0014] Then, in the VR VR chip to chip FW burning process, the content storage unit based on the user-defined address 0x67 storage unit by means of software version is O or I, O if version, then the board VR chip leakage occurs FW brush; if I version, then the motherboard chip VR FW does not appear drain brush (already up to date).

Claims (3)

1.一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法,其特征在于:在VR芯片的用户自定义寄存器中,刷入区分版本的代码,在主板生产环节,用软件工具读出该寄存器的内容,并将该内容与正式导入的信息进行比对,以判断主板的VR芯片FW是否出现漏刷。 A version of the FW VR chip discrimination method, comprising: a user-defined register VR from the chip, the brush into the versioned code motherboard production processes, reads the contents of the register with the software tool, and the ratio of the content information into a formal to judge whether the motherboard VR chip FW brush leakage occurs.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法,其特征在于,所述区分方法操作步骤如下: 1)针对内存VR芯片和CPU VR芯片FW文件,将这些文件中的用户自定义地址对应的内容进行修改,假设初始值为O,修改后为I ; 2)将修改后的FW文件及软件工具VRPr0.exe和批处理文件VR_C0DE.bat保存到启动U盘的目录下; 3)在FW烧录时,硬件方面的准备如下:在主板上安装好CPU和内存,将启动U盘插接在主板的USB接口上,用PSU给主板供电;主板开机后,进入DOS环境,在命令提示符下运行以下命令:VR_C0DE.bat ; 4)FW烧录会自动执行,若主板VR CODE的当前版本为:0,刷新后的版本为1,此时说明:主板的VR芯片FW漏刷;若主板VR CODE的当前版本为:1,刷新后的版本为1,此时说明:主板的VR芯片FW没有漏刷,当前为最新版本。 A version of the FW VR chip discrimination method according to claim 1, wherein said discrimination method steps are as follows: 1) for the CPU and memory chips VR VR chip FW files, these files to the user customized content corresponding to the address modification, we assume that the initial value of O, I is modified; 2) the modified software tools VRPr0.exe FW file and batch file VR_C0DE.bat and saved to disk the directory U start; 3) when FW programming, hardware prepared as follows: the CPU and the memory installed on the motherboard, the connector boot disk U USB interface on the motherboard, power supply to the motherboard with the PSU; the motherboard boot into the DOS environment, at a command prompt, run the following command: VR_C0DE.bat; 4) FW programming is performed automatically, if the current version of the motherboard VR CODE is: 0, 1 version of refresh, then described: the drain motherboard VR chip FW brush; if the current version of the motherboard VR CODE: 1, version 1 is refreshed, then explained: FW motherboard VR chip brush no leakage current to the latest version.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的一种VR芯片FW版本的区分方法,其特征在于:所述VR芯片内的存储空间,里面的存储单元通过列地址与行地址组合来寻址;里面包含有存储VR芯片的地址信息、I2C通信协议信息、VR芯片FW及芯片预留的存储单元; VR芯片在出厂后带有初始FW,在芯片的存储矩阵中,会保留用户自定义的存储单元,通过软件工具将该地址对应的存储单元的信息读取出来,即为当前VR FW的版本信息,假设此时的版本为O ; 当对VR线路做过优化调整后,会有一个优化的FW文档,将文档中的用户自定义的存储单元地址对应的数值修改为1,假设此时的版本I为FW最新版本; 在VR芯片FW烧录到VR芯片过程中,通过软件工具判断该用户自定义的存储单元的内容为是O还是I版本,若是O版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW出现漏刷;若是I版本,则说明主板的VR芯片FW没出现漏刷。 3. According to one version of the FW VR chip or discrimination method according to claim 12, wherein: the storage space in the VR chip, which memory cell row address and column address to addressing combined; inside contains the address information storing VR chip, a storage unit I2C communication protocol information, VR chip and chip FW reserved; VR chip with memory cells after the initial FW factory, the memory array chip, user-defined retained , the information read by the software tool storage unit corresponding to the address out, VR FW is the current version information, assuming that the version is O; done when the VR line optimization and adjustment, there will be an optimized FW document, the document in the user-defined memory cell address corresponding to modify the value of 1, assuming that the latest version of the FW version I; FW programmed into the chip in the VR VR chip process, the user is determined by a software tool content storage unit is defined as O or I version, if the version O, then the motherboard VR chip brush FW leakage occurs; if I version, then the motherboard VR chip brush FW no leakage occurs.
CN 201410410378 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip CN104166450A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201410410378 CN104166450A (en) 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201410410378 CN104166450A (en) 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104166450A true CN104166450A (en) 2014-11-26

Family

ID=51910304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201410410378 CN104166450A (en) 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 Method for distinguishing FW versions of VR chip

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104166450A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105975279A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method and device examining VR FW version
CN106095035A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-09 广达电脑股份有限公司 Server system and computer-implemented method and computer-readable storage medium
CN106126379A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Automatic method for detecting hardware backboard in memorizer under linux
CN106293826A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-04 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method, device and system for marking flashed chip
CN106294045A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-01-04 深圳市国鑫恒宇科技有限公司 Method for automatically detecting burn mainboard power supply module chip data on basis of BMC
CN107247646A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-10-13 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 Method capable of accurately positioning FW (firmware) versions of VR (voltage regulation) chips of motherboards and importing process
CN107391187A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 Firmware burning method, substrate management controller and firmware burning system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030217255A1 (en) * 2002-05-10 2003-11-20 Wyatt David A. Arrangements for initialization-time and run-time integration of firmware and software extensions for supporting add-in hardware
CN102662706A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-09-12 西安合众思壮导航技术有限公司 Method for remotely reliably upgrading XIP (execute in place) chip software
CN103019797A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-03 福建三元达通讯股份有限公司 Method for upgrading firmware of advertising machine terminal through USB (Universal Serial Bus) interface
CN103530157A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-22 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method for flashing VR chips in DOS

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030217255A1 (en) * 2002-05-10 2003-11-20 Wyatt David A. Arrangements for initialization-time and run-time integration of firmware and software extensions for supporting add-in hardware
CN102662706A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-09-12 西安合众思壮导航技术有限公司 Method for remotely reliably upgrading XIP (execute in place) chip software
CN103019797A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-03 福建三元达通讯股份有限公司 Method for upgrading firmware of advertising machine terminal through USB (Universal Serial Bus) interface
CN103530157A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-22 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method for flashing VR chips in DOS

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106095035A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-09 广达电脑股份有限公司 Server system and computer-implemented method and computer-readable storage medium
CN105975279A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method and device examining VR FW version
CN106294045A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-01-04 深圳市国鑫恒宇科技有限公司 Method for automatically detecting burn mainboard power supply module chip data on basis of BMC
CN106294045B (en) * 2016-05-11 2019-07-19 深圳市同泰怡信息技术有限公司 A method of based on BMC automatic detection burning main board power supply module chip data
CN106126379A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Automatic method for detecting hardware backboard in memorizer under linux
CN106293826A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-04 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method, device and system for marking flashed chip
CN107247646A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-10-13 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 Method capable of accurately positioning FW (firmware) versions of VR (voltage regulation) chips of motherboards and importing process
CN107391187A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 郑州云海信息技术有限公司 Firmware burning method, substrate management controller and firmware burning system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7631174B2 (en) Method of updating firmware in computer server systems
US7529945B2 (en) Installing software in a system
CN101438242B (en) Shared nonvolatile memory architecture
US20070112899A1 (en) Method and apparatus for fast boot of an operating system
EP0924610A2 (en) Implementing universal serial bus support with a minimum of system RAM
US20050044348A1 (en) Method and apparatus for booting a computer system
CN102165418B (en) Turbo boot computer systems
CN103425623B (en) The nonvolatile shared memory architecture
CN1302383C (en) Burn recording method and system
US5991875A (en) System configuration card
US20090210637A1 (en) Providing device parameters
US9501291B2 (en) Method and system for providing hybrid-shutdown and fast startup processes
US6336176B1 (en) Memory configuration data protection
CN101266590B (en) Method and system for dynamically switching equipment arrangement
US7447821B2 (en) U3 adapter
JP5476363B2 (en) Computer startup method, and a computer using a biometric authentication device
US7188235B2 (en) Method for booting computer system with memory card
CN1291737A (en) Computer and power source control method thereof
US7949814B2 (en) Swapping “fixed system” hard disk
US9286985B2 (en) Semiconductor device with power mode transitioning operation
US8151036B2 (en) Memory controller, memory system, and access control method of flash memory
US20040174763A1 (en) Memory subsystem voltage control and method
TW200701069A (en) Biometrics signal input device, computer system having the biometrics signal input device, and control method thereof
US20070198787A1 (en) Patching ROM code
US8661306B2 (en) Baseboard management controller and memory error detection method of computing device utilized thereby

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication