CN104165520A - Aluminum scrap smelting furnace - Google Patents

Aluminum scrap smelting furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104165520A
CN104165520A CN201410373274.5A CN201410373274A CN104165520A CN 104165520 A CN104165520 A CN 104165520A CN 201410373274 A CN201410373274 A CN 201410373274A CN 104165520 A CN104165520 A CN 104165520A
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China
Prior art keywords
chamber
combustion chamber
waste heat
heat air
heater
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Application number
CN201410373274.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104165520B (en
Inventor
丁建明
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JIANGYIN DIXIN METAL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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JIANGYIN DIXIN METAL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Publication of CN104165520A publication Critical patent/CN104165520A/en
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Publication of CN104165520B publication Critical patent/CN104165520B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an aluminum scrap smelting furnace. The aluminum scrap smelting furnace is characterized by comprising a furnace body (1), a combustion chamber (2) and a waste heat air chamber (3) are arranged inside the furnace body (1), the combustion chamber (2) is arranged at the lower left portion inside the furnace body (1), the waste heat air chamber (3) is arranged at the right portion inside the furnace body (1), a longitudinal partition wall (4) is arranged between the combustion chamber (2) and the waste heat air chamber (3), a thermal pressure balance hole (4.1) is formed in the longitudinal partition wall (4), the combustion chamber (2) is communicated with the bottom of the waste heat air chamber (3), the left wall of the upper portion of the waste heat air chamber (3) is connected with an exhaust pipe (9) leftwards to reach a cyclone separator (10) at the left portion of the furnace body (1), and a discharging opening in the bottom of the cyclone separator (10) is communicated with the top of the combustion chamber (2). The aluminum scrap smelting furnace has the advantages of improving efficiency, saving energy and being environmentally friendly.

Description

Waste aluminum smelting furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace.
Background technology
In order to improve recovery utilization rate, generally aluminium section bar manufacturer processes the aluminium scrap left behind and all can pass through recovery, and the unified producer that delivers to aluminium scrap processing aluminium bar carries out melting double teeming.
Reclaim in the process of processing aluminium bar at whole aluminium scrap, have three large procedures: one, aluminium scrap reclaims; Two, melting; Three, double teeming.
Second operation work needs aluminium scrap to be dosed in smelting furnace to carry out melting, and this is also divided into two steps: 1, feed intake; 2, melting.Traditional way is: feed intake from the dog-house of smelting furnace side, the hot gas while feeding intake in smelting furnace can be overflowed, and has wasted a large amount of heat energy; In the hot gas producing when melting, having much impurity, be rich in combustible in impurity, is generally to extract out by fan housing, discharges, not only contaminated environment but also waste energy.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, provide and raise the efficiency and a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace, it comprises body of heater, in body of heater, be provided with combustion chamber and waste heat air chamber, the wherein lower left quarter of combustion chamber placement in body of heater, waste heat air chamber is arranged in the right part in body of heater, between combustion chamber and waste heat air chamber, be provided with withe, on withe, be provided with thermal pressure balance pipe, combustion chamber is communicated with the bottom of waste heat air chamber, the left wall on waste heat air chamber top connects the cyclone separator of a blast pipe to body of heater left left, and the feed opening of the bottom of cyclone separator is communicated with the top of combustion chamber.
Preferred as one, the below of combustion chamber is provided with permanent magnetic stirrer, between combustion chamber and the two side, front and back of waste heat air chamber, is connected by an outside change of current pipeline, on change of current pipeline, is provided with delivery pump.
Preferred as one, between the Yu Youbi bottom, You Bi top of waste heat air chamber, connect by an outside air refreshing tube, on air refreshing tube, be provided with exhaust blower.
Preferred as one, in the body of heater of top, combustion chamber, it is closed chamber, in closed chamber, be provided with the conveyer belt of a lateral arrangement, the left end of closed chamber stretches out outside body of heater, the feed opening of the bottom of cyclone separator connects the left end of closed chamber, and the right-hand member of closed chamber is connected to the top of combustion chamber by blanking pipe.
Preferred as one, in combustion chamber, be provided with across bulkhead.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Waste aluminum smelting furnace of the present invention is realized automation substantially, has saved human cost, and has improved efficiency, in the time of melting, has saved the energy by multiple heat energy recycling mode.Therefore this waste aluminum smelting furnace has advantages of and raises the efficiency and energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of waste aluminum smelting furnace of the present invention.
Wherein:
Body of heater 1, combustion chamber 2, waste heat air chamber 3, withe 4, thermal pressure balance pipe 4.1, firelock 5, closed chamber 6, conveyer belt 6.1, track 7, bell 8, blast pipe 9, exhaust blower 9.1, cyclone separator 10, permanent magnetic stirrer 11, air refreshing tube 12.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace the present invention relates to, it comprises body of heater 1, in body of heater 1, be provided with combustion chamber 2 and waste heat air chamber 3, wherein combustion chamber 2 is arranged in the lower left quarter in body of heater 1, waste heat air chamber 3 is arranged in the right part in body of heater 1, the top of waste heat air chamber 3 is opened wide, the open top of waste heat air chamber 3 is mated with the open top of container 2, between combustion chamber 2 and waste heat air chamber 3, be provided with withe 4, on withe 4, be provided with thermal pressure balance pipe 4.1, combustion chamber 2 is communicated with the bottom of waste heat air chamber 3, in combustion chamber 2, also can be provided with across bulkhead, the left wall of combustion chamber 2 is inwardly provided with firelock 5, in the body of heater 1 of 2 tops, combustion chamber, it is closed chamber 6, before and after the top of body of heater 1, both sides are provided with the track 7 that oblique lower right is arranged, on track 7, set up and be provided with bell 8, bell 8 can be along rail moving, the left wall on waste heat air chamber 3 tops connects the cyclone separator 10 of a blast pipe 9 to body of heater 1 left left, on blast pipe 9, be provided with an exhaust blower 9.1, in closed chamber 6, be provided with the conveyer belt 6.1 of a lateral arrangement, the left end of closed chamber 6 stretches out outside body of heater 1, the feed opening of the bottom of cyclone separator 10 connects the left end of closed chamber 6, the right-hand member of closed chamber 6 is connected to the top of combustion chamber 2 by blanking pipe.The below of combustion chamber 2 is provided with permanent magnetic stirrer 11, between the two side, front and back of combustion chamber 2 and waste heat air chamber 3, be connected by an outside change of current pipeline, on change of current pipeline, be provided with delivery pump, combustion chamber 2 is provided with deslagging fire door with the bottom, two side, front and back of waste heat air chamber 3, an air refreshing tube 12 by outside between the Yu Youbi bottom, You Bi top of waste heat air chamber 3 connects, and on air refreshing tube 12, is provided with exhaust blower.
Operation principle: open bell 8, upset batch feeding rack is spent below left by container tipping 180 and is dosed to waste heat air chamber 3, temperature in combustion chamber 2 is 1200 DEG C, temperature in waste heat air chamber 3 is 700 DEG C, in the time feeding intake, bell 8 is opened (bell is positioned at left half section of track), the hot gas of waste heat air chamber 3 interior high temperature is upwards gushed out, can and now feed intake, high temperature hot gas can be carried out to feeding intake certain heat treated, make full use of the heat energy in waste heat air chamber 3, the rear bell 8 that fed intake is closed (bell is positioned at right half section of track), blast pipe 9 is discharged the pressure hot gas in waste heat air chamber 3, in the process of discharging, be clean-burning impurity owing to there are some in pressure hot gas, these impurity are directly disposed to atmosphere and pollute the environment, therefore install a cyclone separator 10 additional at the end of blast pipe 9, cyclone separator 10 separates impurity, impurity drops down onto and on the conveyer belt 6.1 in cyclone separator 10 below closed chambers 6, is then delivered to combustion chamber 2 and again burns.Change of current pipeline between the two side, front and back of combustion chamber 2 and waste heat air chamber 3 coordinates permanent magnetic stirrer 11 can make combustion chamber 2 and the aluminium liquid in waste heat air chamber 3 fully exchange, and improves the thawing efficiency of aluminium scrap.Air refreshing tube 12 between the Yu Youbi bottom, You Bi top of waste heat air chamber 3 can make the hot gas in waste heat air chamber 3 make full use of and be arranged in direct discharge, saves the energy.

Claims (5)

1. a waste aluminum smelting furnace, it is characterized in that it comprises body of heater (1), in body of heater (1), be provided with combustion chamber (2) and waste heat air chamber (3), wherein combustion chamber (2) are arranged in the lower left quarter in body of heater (1), waste heat air chamber (3) is arranged in the right part in body of heater (1), between combustion chamber (2) and waste heat air chamber (3), be provided with withe (4), on withe (4), be provided with thermal pressure balance pipe (4.1), combustion chamber (2) is communicated with the bottom of waste heat air chamber (3), the left wall on waste heat air chamber (3) top connects the cyclone separator (10) of a blast pipe (9) to body of heater (1) left left, the feed opening of the bottom of cyclone separator (10) is communicated with the top of combustion chamber (2).
2. a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace according to claim 1, the below that it is characterized in that combustion chamber (2) is provided with permanent magnetic stirrer (11), between the two side, front and back of combustion chamber (2) and waste heat air chamber (3), be connected by an outside change of current pipeline, on change of current pipeline, be provided with delivery pump.
3. a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that connecting by an outside air refreshing tube (12) between the Yu Youbi bottom, You Bi top of waste heat air chamber (3), and air refreshing tube is provided with exhaust blower on (12).
4. a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in the body of heater (1) of combustion chamber (2) top be closed chamber (6), in closed chamber (6), be provided with the conveyer belt (6.1) of a lateral arrangement, the left end of closed chamber (6) stretches out outside body of heater (1), the feed opening of the bottom of cyclone separator (10) connects the left end of closed chamber (6), and the right-hand member of closed chamber (6) is connected to the top of combustion chamber (2) by blanking pipe.
5. a kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that being provided with across bulkhead in combustion chamber (2).
CN201410373274.5A 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 Waste aluminum smelting furnace Active CN104165520B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410373274.5A CN104165520B (en) 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 Waste aluminum smelting furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410373274.5A CN104165520B (en) 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 Waste aluminum smelting furnace

Publications (2)

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CN104165520A true CN104165520A (en) 2014-11-26
CN104165520B CN104165520B (en) 2015-11-18

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108950216A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-07 王康 A kind of method that waste aluminum recovery utilizes
CN109059540A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-21 陈孝 A kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07113582A (en) * 1993-10-15 1995-05-02 Nippon Furnace Kogyo Kaisha Ltd Heat insulating furnace for aluminum melt
CN2844820Y (en) * 2005-11-03 2006-12-06 陈保龙 Aluminium alloy continuous melting holding furnace
CN201032368Y (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-03-05 刘荣章 Highly effective low oxidization burning loss aluminum alloy centralized liquation furnace
CN101476043A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 东莞市东兴铝材制造有限公司 Highly energy-saving, consumption-lowering, environment friendly processing smelting furnace for recycling aluminium scrap
CN101571348A (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-11-04 正英工业燃烧设备(上海)有限公司 Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace
CN201488537U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-05-26 怡球金属资源再生(中国)股份有限公司 Smelting furnace for reclaiming scrap aluminium
CN202372000U (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-08-08 江苏凯特汽车部件有限公司 Low-burning-loss aluminum alloy melting heat-preserving furnace
CN102853661A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 郭丰亮 Energy-saving and consumption-reducing biomass crucible furnace
CN203980887U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-03 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Waste aluminum smelting furnace

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07113582A (en) * 1993-10-15 1995-05-02 Nippon Furnace Kogyo Kaisha Ltd Heat insulating furnace for aluminum melt
CN2844820Y (en) * 2005-11-03 2006-12-06 陈保龙 Aluminium alloy continuous melting holding furnace
CN201032368Y (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-03-05 刘荣章 Highly effective low oxidization burning loss aluminum alloy centralized liquation furnace
CN101571348A (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-11-04 正英工业燃烧设备(上海)有限公司 Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace
CN101476043A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 东莞市东兴铝材制造有限公司 Highly energy-saving, consumption-lowering, environment friendly processing smelting furnace for recycling aluminium scrap
CN201488537U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-05-26 怡球金属资源再生(中国)股份有限公司 Smelting furnace for reclaiming scrap aluminium
CN202372000U (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-08-08 江苏凯特汽车部件有限公司 Low-burning-loss aluminum alloy melting heat-preserving furnace
CN102853661A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 郭丰亮 Energy-saving and consumption-reducing biomass crucible furnace
CN203980887U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-03 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Waste aluminum smelting furnace

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108950216A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-07 王康 A kind of method that waste aluminum recovery utilizes
CN109059540A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-21 陈孝 A kind of waste aluminum smelting furnace

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