CN104164974A - Building casting method and casting mold system used for building casting method - Google Patents

Building casting method and casting mold system used for building casting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104164974A
CN104164974A CN201410373188.4A CN201410373188A CN104164974A CN 104164974 A CN104164974 A CN 104164974A CN 201410373188 A CN201410373188 A CN 201410373188A CN 104164974 A CN104164974 A CN 104164974A
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building
main body
layer
mold system
casting method
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CN201410373188.4A
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CN104164974B (en
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范创新
何佳权
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范创新
何佳权
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Abstract

The invention discloses a building casting method. A building is arranged in advance to be in N floors. The method includes the following steps that first, vertical beams and main beams from the first floor to the Nth floor are cast, and the building is cast upwards from the first floor to the Nth floor in a sequential progressive increase mode; second, secondary beams and a floor face on the Nth floor are cast; third, a casting mold system is adopted for casting secondary beams and floor faces from the (N-1)th floor to the second floor in a sequential progressive decrease mode from the Nth floor so that casting of the building can be completed. The casting mold system comprises a body serving as formworks for floor face floors and secondary beams, a secondary beam mold groove is formed in the body, and the body descends downwards to the second floor in a sequential progressive decrease mode from the (N-1)th floor in the casting process. According to the building casting method, no scaffolds or single formworks are needed, a large amount of manpower can be saved, a large number of material resources can be saved, the construction period can be shortened, and meanwhile, a safety coefficient is high. The invention further provides the casting mold system used for the building casting method.

Description

Building casting method and use thereof build mold system
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field, relate in particular to the mold system of building of a kind of building casting method and use thereof.
Background technology
The technological process that at present building trade building pouring concrete adopts is: first erecting scaffold, then go out mould with flitch and Template nail, then carry out pouring concrete, the then construction technology of form removal.The shortcoming of this technique is: use a large amount of scaffolds, template and flitch, material deterioration inside is large, meanwhile, needs a large amount of personnel to complete by hand construction, and the construction period is long, and cost of labor is high, and because work high above the ground is many, safety factor is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the mold system of building of a kind of building casting method and use thereof, be intended to solve that existing concrete pouring technology material deterioration inside is large, the construction period is long, the technical problem such as the high and safety factor of cost of labor is low.
In order to solve problem set forth above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of building casting method, comprises the following steps: step a: build the 1st layer of vertical beam to N layer and main beam, from the 1st layer, increase progressively successively and up build to N layer; Step b: inferior crossbeam and the floor face of building N layer; And step c: employing is built mold system and successively decreased successively and down build inferior crossbeam and the floor face of 2 layers, N-1 layer to the from N layer, to complete building of building, this is built mold system and comprises the main body as the template of tier and inferior crossbeam, in this main body, offer time crossbeam mold slots, while building, make this main body successively decrease successively toward dropping to the 2nd layer from N-1 layer.
Further, this is built mold system and also comprises for promoting the hoisting mechanism of this main body, building the 1st layer during to the vertical beam of N layer and the step of main beam, this hoisting mechanism is promoted to the 2nd layer to N layer successively by this main body, so that this main body is as the workbench of building vertical beam and main beam.
Further, this is built mold system and also comprises base, this hoisting mechanism comprises screw rod, nut, bearing, hi/local crank, fixed mount, bracing frame and support bar, this fixed mount is installed on base, this nut is installed in this main body, this screw rod passes this fixed mount and this main body by this bearing, and be spirally connected with this nut, this hi/local crank is arranged at the end of this screw rod, this bracing frame is arranged in this main body movably, this support bar is arranged on this base movably, during lifting, this main body is arranged on this main beam by this bracing frame, this base is arranged on this main beam by this support bar.
Further, bracing frame comprises feet, adjusting rod, sliding part and the actuator of gripper shoe, Multi-section retractable, this gripper shoe is connected with feet, this gripper shoe is slidably mounted in the bottom of this main body by this sliding part, this actuator is connected with this gripper shoe, to drive this main body slip relatively of this bracing frame.
Further, this is built mold system and also comprises the descending mechanism for this main body that declines, before building the inferior crossbeam and floor face of N layer, this descending mechanism is first installed, this descending mechanism comprises two the first bearing parts, two the second bearing parts, actuator and Suspension, these two the first bearing part intervals are crossed on the main beam of N layer, on these two the second bearing part intervals are crossed on these two first bearing parts, and make together with this first bearing part is fixed on this second bearing part, this actuator is fixedly installed on this second bearing part, this Suspension is ropy, winding is on the driving shaft of this actuator, and its one end is through this second bearing part and this main body.
Further, the first bearing part is i iron, and this second bearing part is square tube.
Further, actuator is motor reducer.
Further, Suspension is wire rope.
The present invention also provides a kind of mold system of building for above-mentioned building casting method, and this is built mold system and comprises the main body as the template of tier and inferior crossbeam, offers time crossbeam mold slots in this main body.
Further, this is built mold system and also comprises for promoting the hoisting mechanism of this main body and for the descending mechanism of this main body that declines.
While adopting above-mentioned building casting method, owing to first completing the building of main beam of all vertical beams and all floors, and then all crossbeams that start in layer to build from top to bottom from last layer and floor face, thereby make main body only need fill mould once, without form removal, reusable, convenient and swift.While adopting said method, without scaffold and template, can save a large amount of manpower and materials, and can the reduction of erection time, safety factor is higher simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of building mold system of the embodiment of the present invention while building vertical beam and main beam.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of building mold system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of the bracing frame of building mold system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the top view of building mold system of the embodiment of the present invention while building vertical beam and main beam.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of building mold system of the embodiment of the present invention while building floor face and inferior crossbeam.
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of building mold system that comprises double-deck main body of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the flow chart of the building casting method of the embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Refer to Fig. 1 to 5, the mold system of building of the embodiment of the present invention comprises main body 7, base 9, hoisting mechanism 4 and descending mechanism.Main body 7 is for building the mould of tier and inferior crossbeam, and its surface offers time crossbeam mold slots 6.Hoisting mechanism 4 connects main body 7 and bases 9, and main body 7 and base 9 all can rise to N layer from the 1st layer by hoisting mechanism 4, and descending mechanism is for being down to the 1st layer by main body 7 and base 9 from N layer.
Hoisting mechanism comprises screw rod 401, nut 402, bearing 404, hi/local crank 405, fixed mount 406, bracing frame 8 and support bar 10.Fixed mount 406 is installed on base 9, and nut 402 is installed in main body 7, and screw rod 401 passes fixed mount 406 and main body 7 by bearing 404, and is spirally connected with nut 402.Hi/local crank 405 is arranged at the end of screw rod 401.Bracing frame 8 is arranged in main body 7 movably, and support bar 10 is arranged on base 9 movably, and during lifting, main body 7 is arranged on main beam 11 by bracing frame 8, and base 9 is arranged on main beam 11 by support bar 10.Bracing frame 8 comprises feet 805, adjusting rod 807, reinforcement 803, sliding part 802 and the actuator 801 of gripper shoe 80, Multi-section retractable, gripper shoe 80 is connected with feet 805 is vertical, and the two ends of reinforcement 803 are fixedly connected with respectively gripper shoe 80 and feet 805.Gripper shoe 80 is slidably mounted in the bottom of main body 7 by sliding part 803, actuator 801 is connected with gripper shoe 80, to drive the relative main body 7 of bracing frame 8 to slide.In the present embodiment, actuator 801 is telescopic cylinder.Adjusting rod 807 is arranged on the bottom of feet 805, for the height of adjusting support frame 8.
Descending mechanism comprises two the first bearing parts 13, two the second bearing parts 14, actuator 15 and Suspensions 16.Two the first bearing part 13 intervals are crossed on the main beam of N layer, and two the second bearing part 14 intervals are crossed on two the first bearing parts on 13, and make together with the first bearing part 13 is fixed on the second bearing part 14.Actuator 15 is fixedly installed on the second bearing part 14, and Suspension 16 is ropy, and its winding is on the driving shaft of actuator 15, and its one end is through the second bearing part 14 and main body 7, and is fixed on base 9.In the present embodiment, the first bearing part 13 is i iron, and the second bearing part is square tube.During installing, padded 10 centimeters of left and right on main beam, the length of every i iron is the lateral length of floor face, the length of square tube is roughly the longitudinal length of floor face, cross section specification 10*20 centimetre left and right, spacing and the i iron put are similar, are putting down for wide and are putting.Square tube and the spot welding of i iron contact site are fixed.Actuator 15 is motor reducer, and Suspension 16 is wire rope.Wire rope winding, on reductor mechanical axis, is passed main body 7 by one of wire rope through square tube again, is fixed on base 9.During use, start actuator 15, the main body that can decline 7 and base 9.
Referring to Fig. 7, is the flow chart of the building casting method of the embodiment of the present invention, and this building is preset N layer.The building casting method of the embodiment of the present invention comprises the following steps:
Step S1: build the 1st layer of vertical beam 1 to N layer and main beam 11, increase progressively successively and up build to N layer from the 1st layer;
Complete after underground construction, on ground, 1:1 draws all vertical beams by drawing on the spot, main beam, and inferior crossbeam, and mark all sizes, to facilitate subsequent step.
While building first floor vertical beam 1, all vertical beam reinforcing bars are first installed, again vertical beam flexible mould 2 is fixed on to position corresponding to ground, the vertical beam 1 at 4 exterior angles of building adopts laser positioning, that is: on vertical beam ground, 4 exterior angles, laser equipment is installed, on 4 exterior angle vertical beam flexible moulds 2, be fixed with 2 corresponding laser vertical locating holes 3, to guarantee the verticality of vertical beam 1.After installing vertical beam flexible mould 2, start to build vertical beam concrete, be poured into the position of last layer main beam 11 soffits.
After vertical beam concrete solidifies, remove all vertical beam flexible moulds 2 and treat that last layer continues to use.Build the 2nd during to N layer vertical beam and main beam, by building mold system, hang position that building is corresponding with as workbench.During use, clockwise rotate hi/local crank 405 (can be manual or electronic), by main body 7 jack-up, then open the actuator 801 on bracing frame 8, bracing frame 8 is retracted, to avoid main beam 11, in order to avoid block the lifting of main body 7.After retracting, continue to promote main body 7, being raised to bracing frame 8 bottoms has surpassed main beam 11 upper surfaces and has stopped, again open actuator 801, bracing frame 8 levels are stretched out, be supported on above lower one deck main beam 11, the adjusting rod 807 of adjusting support frame 8 again, so that the soffit of the upper surface of main body 7 and main beam 11 is at same horizontal plane.Then, rotate counterclockwise hi/local crank 405 (can be manual or electronic), base 9 is risen to last layer, lifting step is similar with lifting main body 7.All vertical beam reinforcing bars are installed, then vertical beam flexible mould 2 is installed, open the vertical laser in 4, ground, allow vertical beam 1 keep definitely vertical.Main beam mould 5 is movable grooved moulds, and it is simple fixing above that it can be placed in bracing frame 8, levels up on request, then main beam reinforcing bar is installed.All vertical beam flexible moulds 2 and main beam mould 5 inner sides all can be pasted with separation layer, so that the demoulding.Separation layer can be the materials such as silica gel, rubber tile or plastic floor.Finally, build vertical beam concrete and main beam concrete and can complete building of one deck vertical beam 1 and main beam 11.Repeat above-mentioned steps, can complete the 2nd building to N layer vertical beam and main beam.
Step S2: descending mechanism is installed, and is adopted descending mechanism that base 9 is dropped to ground;
Step S3: inferior crossbeam and the floor face of building N layer;
Step S4: adopt descending mechanism that main body 7 is successively decreased toward dropping to the 2nd layer successively from N-1 layer, thereby successively decrease successively and down build inferior crossbeam and the floor face of 2 layers, N-1 layer to the from N layer, to complete building of building.
While building N-1 layer, by controlling the lifting of actuator 15 control subjects 7, make the upper surface of main body 7 consistent with main beam 11 upper level.After adjusting, by the stuck locking of the mechanical axis of actuator 15, guarantee that the mechanical axis of actuator 15 no longer rotates.Main body 7 leaves the gap of 2 centimeters with main beam 11 adjacent positions, need to fill out temporarily, can select foamed glue or other materials.In the inferior crossbeam mold slots 6 Ye You spaces, position, two, bottom of main body 7, also to fill temporarily.Because reserved the steel bar end being connected with inferior crossbeam when building main beam 11, approximately 20 centimeters long, so leave the space of 20 centimeters at inferior crossbeam mold slots 6 two.Then, in inferior crossbeam mold slots 6, put into reinforcing bar, and with reserved steel bar end to connecting, in main body 7 (above separation layer), lay floor face reinforcing bar again, and after built-in electric wire and pipeline, to inferior crossbeam mold slots concreting, simultaneously to whole floor face fluid concrete.
After N-1 floor aspect concrete solidifies, open locking device, loosen Suspension 16, main body 7 is meeting automatic demoulding under the effect of self gravitation, because have separation layer to be easy to the demoulding between main body 7 and concrete.While dropping to the main beam position of N-2 layer, again adjust the height of main body 7, prepare concreting again.So repeat, can complete building of other floor faces.
Be appreciated that building mold system and also can omitting base 9, hoisting mechanism 4 or descending mechanism of embodiment of the present invention, and adopt tower crane lifting main body 7.When step S1, also can adopt other workbench, and build mold system as workbench without making.Build mold system and also can comprise spaced two or more main body 7, below to comprise that the mold system (please refer to the drawing 5) of building of two main bodys 7,7 ' describes its using method for example.Two main bodys 7,7 ' build mold system uphill process principle and only comprise a main body 7 to build mold system similar, it is each main body 7,7 ' adjustable height is the height of 2 floors, 2 layers of vertical beam mould 2 and main beam mould 5 are installed at every turn simultaneously, are built the concrete of 2 layers of vertical beam 1 and main beam 11 simultaneously.When completing the building of N floor aspect, make lower layer main body 7 ' be down to N/2 (N is down to (N-1)/2 layer while being odd number), make upper layer main body 7 be down to N-1 layer, can build N-1 layer and N/2 layer simultaneously, thereby improve, build the duration.So analogize, can, according to construction period, select the quantity of main body 7,7 '.
During construction, a floor face can adopt the mold system of building of a set of embodiment of the present invention, also can adopt many covers to build mold system according to floor face size, generally has 4-20 cover.The privileged sites such as stair or elevator, also can adopt the method, and just the shape of main body 7 is different.
While adopting the building casting method of embodiment of the present invention, owing to first completing the building of main beam 11 of all vertical beams 1 and all floors, and then all crossbeams that start in layer to build from top to bottom from last layer and floor face, thereby make 7 of main bodys need dress mould once, without form removal, reusable, convenient and swift.While adopting said method, without scaffold and template, can save a large amount of manpower and materials, and can the reduction of erection time, safety factor is higher simultaneously.
Above-described embodiment is preferably embodiment of the present invention; but embodiments of the present invention are not restricted to the described embodiments; other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under Spirit Essence of the present invention and principle, substitutes, combination, simplify; all should be equivalent substitute mode, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a building casting method, this building is preset N layer, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step a: build the 1st layer of vertical beam to N layer and main beam, increase progressively successively and up build to N layer from the 1st layer;
Step b: inferior crossbeam and the floor face of building N layer; And
Step c: employing is built mold system and successively decreased successively and down build inferior crossbeam and the floor face of 2 layers, N-1 layer to the from N layer, to complete building of building, this is built mold system and comprises the main body as the template of tier and inferior crossbeam, in this main body, offer time crossbeam mold slots, while building, make this main body successively decrease successively toward dropping to the 2nd layer from N-1 layer.
2. building casting method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this is built mold system and also comprises for promoting the hoisting mechanism of this main body, building the 1st layer during to the vertical beam of N layer and the step of main beam, this hoisting mechanism is promoted to the 2nd layer to N layer successively by this main body, so that this main body is as the workbench of building vertical beam and main beam.
3. building casting method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, this is built mold system and also comprises base, this hoisting mechanism comprises screw rod, nut, bearing, hi/local crank, fixed mount, bracing frame and support bar, this fixed mount is installed on base, this nut is installed in this main body, this screw rod passes this fixed mount and this main body by this bearing, and be spirally connected with this nut, this hi/local crank is arranged at the end of this screw rod, this bracing frame is arranged in this main body movably, this support bar is arranged on this base movably, during lifting, this main body is arranged on this main beam by this bracing frame, this base is arranged on this main beam by this support bar.
4. building casting method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, this bracing frame comprises feet, adjusting rod, sliding part and the actuator of gripper shoe, Multi-section retractable, this gripper shoe is connected with feet, this gripper shoe is slidably mounted in the bottom of this main body by this sliding part, this actuator is connected with this gripper shoe, to drive this main body slip relatively of this bracing frame.
5. building casting method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this is built mold system and also comprises the descending mechanism for this main body that declines, before building the inferior crossbeam and floor face of N layer, this descending mechanism is first installed, this descending mechanism comprises two the first bearing parts, two the second bearing parts, actuator and Suspension, these two the first bearing part intervals are crossed on the main beam of N layer, on these two the second bearing part intervals are crossed on these two first bearing parts, and make together with this first bearing part is fixed on this second bearing part, this actuator is fixedly installed on this second bearing part, this Suspension is ropy, winding is on the driving shaft of this actuator, and its one end is through this second bearing part and this main body.
6. building casting method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, this first bearing part is i iron, and this second bearing part is square tube.
7. building casting method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, this actuator is motor reducer.
8. building casting method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, this Suspension is wire rope.
9. the building casting method described in claim 1 to 8 any one is used builds a mold system, it is characterized in that, this is built mold system and comprises the main body as the template of tier and inferior crossbeam, offers time crossbeam mold slots in this main body.
10. the mold system of building as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, this is built mold system and also comprises for promoting the hoisting mechanism of this main body and for the descending mechanism of this main body that declines.
CN201410373188.4A 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Building casting method and use thereof pour mold system Expired - Fee Related CN104164974B (en)

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CN201410373188.4A CN104164974B (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Building casting method and use thereof pour mold system

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CN201410373188.4A CN104164974B (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Building casting method and use thereof pour mold system

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CN104164974B CN104164974B (en) 2016-09-21

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104594635A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-06 贵州新联爆破工程集团有限公司 Construction method for high-rise building frame structure
CN113653230A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-16 福建建祥建筑科技有限责任公司 High-safety building prefabricated floor plate

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WO2013019134A1 (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-02-07 Milan Kekanovic Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013019134A1 (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-02-07 Milan Kekanovic Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104594635A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-06 贵州新联爆破工程集团有限公司 Construction method for high-rise building frame structure
CN104594635B (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-01-04 贵州新联爆破工程集团有限公司 A kind of high-storey building frame structure construction method
CN113653230A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-16 福建建祥建筑科技有限责任公司 High-safety building prefabricated floor plate

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