CN104163706A - Pleurotus eryngii culture medium containing vermiculite powder and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii culture medium containing vermiculite powder and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104163706A
CN104163706A CN201410362016.7A CN201410362016A CN104163706A CN 104163706 A CN104163706 A CN 104163706A CN 201410362016 A CN201410362016 A CN 201410362016A CN 104163706 A CN104163706 A CN 104163706A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
powder
pleurotus eryngii
culture medium
preparation
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CN201410362016.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴嘉辉
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ANQING CITY LYUYIN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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ANQING CITY LYUYIN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410362016.7A priority Critical patent/CN104163706A/en
Publication of CN104163706A publication Critical patent/CN104163706A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pleurotus eryngii culture medium containing a vermiculite powder and a preparation method thereof, and is characterized in that the pleurotus eryngii culture medium is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 70-75 parts of cotton seed hulls, 30-33 parts of broadleaf sawdust, 25-27 parts of peanut straw, 19-22 parts of a rice straw powder, 10-11 parts of a lotus leaf powder, 9-10 parts of a carrot leaf powder, 8-9 parts of a pine needle powder, 15-17 parts of a corn powder, 10-12 parts of the vermiculite powder, 1-2 parts of a gypsum powder, 1-2 parts of urea, 0.3-0.4 part of ferric sulfate, 0.5-0.6 part of potassium nitrate, 0.2-0.3 part of pleurotus eryngii polysaccharide, 2-3 parts of gentiana tsinglingensis diels, 3-4 parts of bulbophyllum inconspicuum maxim, 2.5-4 parts of stevia rebaudiana, 2-3 parts of cynomorium songaricum, 1-2 parts of asarum wulingense, 31-33 parts of buckwheat kernels, 0.1-0.2 part of sodium lactate, and 10-12 parts of a nutritional additive. The buckwheat kernels are made into a culture medium carrier and contain minerals, vitamins and other nutrient substances needed for pleurotus eryngii growth; moreover, with adopting of the peanut straw and other crop waste materials to replace a part of sawdust, lumber is saved; and besides, the added vermiculite powder can improve the water retention of the culture medium, and the cultured pleurotus eryngii has high quality.

Description

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to a kind of Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms because of its delicious flavour, nutritiously liked by human consumer, it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.
Therefore, planting material has a great impact Pleurotus eryngii output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power and preparation method thereof, the high feature of Pleurotus eryngii quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Cotton seed hulls 70-75, broad-leaved wood chip 30-33, peanut stalk 25-27, rice straw powder 19-22, lotus leaf powder 10-11, Folium Dauci Sativae powder 9-10, pine needle powder 8-9, Semen Maydis powder 15-17, vermiculite power 10-12, terra alba 1-2, urea 1-2, ferric sulfate 0.3-0.4, saltpetre 0.5-0.6, Polysaccharide in Pleurotus eryngii 0.2-0.3, Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis 2-3, wheat dry measure used in former times 3-4, sweet Stevia 2.5-4, cynomorium songaricum 2-3, the 1-2 that arranges flowers, shelled buckwheat 31-33, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate 0.1-0.2, nutritional additive 10-12;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, deer natural pond soil 13-14, pomace 10-11, bean dregs 11-12, polyglutamic acid 0.2-0.3, milk-acid bacteria 0.2-0.3;
Preparation method is: pomace, bean dregs mixed, adds water and be stirred to water content and reach 40-45%, at 35-37 ℃, access milk-acid bacteria, and fermentation 3-4 hour, then with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, dries, and obtains.
The preparation method of the described Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis, wheat dry measure used in former times, sweet Stevia, cynomorium songaricum, the flower arrangement of falling are added to filter cleaner behind doubly water soaking 3-4 hour of 10-11, in gained filtrate, add ferric sulfate, saltpetre, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate, be stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, cotton seed hulls, broad-leaved wood chip, peanut stalk carry out micronizing;
(3) pack shelled buckwheat into gauze bag, add 10-10.5 clear water doubly, by the gauze bag rubbing 15-18 minute of shelled buckwheat is housed, then gauze bag is taken out, gained buckwheat is starched into pan boiling and is boiled;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material and leftover materials are mixed and mixed thoroughly, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, poured in culture dish, and cooled and solidified, obtains.
Flower arrangement in the present invention is root, rhizome or the herb of the aristolochiaceae plant Five Ridges root of Chinese wild ginger.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention makes culture medium carrier by shelled buckwheat, wherein contain the nutritive substances such as the required mineral substance of Growth of Pleurotus eryngii, VITAMIN, and the present invention has also added the waste crop materials such as peanut stalk and has replaced part wood chip as raw material, saved timber resources, the vermiculite power adding in the present invention simultaneously can improve water-retentivity of the present invention, and the Pleurotus eryngii quality of turning out is high.
Embodiment
Containing the Pleurotus eryngii substratum of vermiculite power, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: cotton seed hulls 70, broad-leaved wood chip 30, peanut stalk 25, rice straw powder 19, lotus leaf powder 10, Folium Dauci Sativae powder 9, pine needle powder 8, Semen Maydis powder 15, vermiculite power 10, terra alba 1, urea 1, ferric sulfate 0.3, saltpetre 0.5, Polysaccharide in Pleurotus eryngii 0.2, Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis 2, wheat dry measure used in former times 3, sweet Stevia 2.5, cynomorium songaricum 2, arrange flowers 1, shelled buckwheat 31, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate 0.1, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: pine nut oil 0.1, deer natural pond soil 13, pomace 10, bean dregs 11, polyglutamic acid 0.2, milk-acid bacteria 0.2;
Preparation method is: pomace, bean dregs mixed, adds water and be stirred to water content and reach 40-45%, at 35-37 ℃, access milk-acid bacteria, and fermentation 3-4 hour, then with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, dries, and obtains.
The preparation method of the described Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power, comprises the following steps:
(1) Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis, wheat dry measure used in former times, sweet Stevia, cynomorium songaricum, the flower arrangement of falling are added to filter cleaner behind doubly water soaking 3-4 hour of 10-11, in gained filtrate, add ferric sulfate, saltpetre, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate, be stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, cotton seed hulls, broad-leaved wood chip, peanut stalk carry out micronizing;
(3) pack shelled buckwheat into gauze bag, add 10-10.5 clear water doubly, by the gauze bag rubbing 15-18 minute of shelled buckwheat is housed, then gauze bag is taken out, gained buckwheat is starched into pan boiling and is boiled;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material and leftover materials are mixed and mixed thoroughly, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, poured in culture dish, and cooled and solidified, obtains.
By 10 of prior art substratum processed, the heavy 0.5kg of the siccative of each substratum, as a control group, according to 10 of the present invention's substratum processed, the heavy 0.5kg of the siccative of each substratum, as experimental group, with two groups of substratum under the same conditions Xinbao mushroom culturing comparative result see the following form.
Item compared The output (kg) of average each substratum Pleurotus eryngii profile Regenerative power is strong and weak Turn a batch speed
Experimental group 0.431 Mushroom body is large, and mushroom meat is plump By force Hurry up
Control group 0.318 Mushroom body is little, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: Pleurotus eryngii substratum provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, average every bag culture medium increases production more than 30% than existing substratum, and the mushroom body of Pleurotus eryngii is large, and mushroom meat is plump, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. containing a Pleurotus eryngii substratum for vermiculite power, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Cotton seed hulls 70-75, broad-leaved wood chip 30-33, peanut stalk 25-27, rice straw powder 19-22, lotus leaf powder 10-11, Folium Dauci Sativae powder 9-10, pine needle powder 8-9, Semen Maydis powder 15-17, vermiculite power 10-12, terra alba 1-2, urea 1-2, ferric sulfate 0.3-0.4, saltpetre 0.5-0.6, Polysaccharide in Pleurotus eryngii 0.2-0.3, Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis 2-3, wheat dry measure used in former times 3-4, sweet Stevia 2.5-4, cynomorium songaricum 2-3, the 1-2 that arranges flowers, shelled buckwheat 31-33, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate 0.1-0.2, nutritional additive 10-12;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, deer natural pond soil 13-14, pomace 10-11, bean dregs 11-12, polyglutamic acid 0.2-0.3, milk-acid bacteria 0.2-0.3;
Preparation method is: pomace, bean dregs mixed, adds water and be stirred to water content and reach 40-45%, at 35-37 ℃, access milk-acid bacteria, and fermentation 3-4 hour, then with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, dries, and obtains.
2. the preparation method of the Pleurotus eryngii substratum containing vermiculite power according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Herba Gentianae tsinglingensis, wheat dry measure used in former times, sweet Stevia, cynomorium songaricum, the flower arrangement of falling are added to filter cleaner behind doubly water soaking 3-4 hour of 10-11, in gained filtrate, add ferric sulfate, saltpetre, Sodium.alpha.-hydroxypropionate, be stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, cotton seed hulls, broad-leaved wood chip, peanut stalk carry out micronizing;
(3) pack shelled buckwheat into gauze bag, add 10-10.5 clear water doubly, by the gauze bag rubbing 15-18 minute of shelled buckwheat is housed, then gauze bag is taken out, gained buckwheat is starched into pan boiling and is boiled;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material and leftover materials are mixed and mixed thoroughly, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, poured in culture dish, and cooled and solidified, obtains.
CN201410362016.7A 2014-07-28 2014-07-28 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium containing vermiculite powder and preparation method thereof Pending CN104163706A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945123A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN104987178A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 王金生 Making method of pleurotus eryngii cultivating medium
CN107602221A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-01-19 兴义市天野农牧发展有限公司 A kind of edible fungus culture medium containing lotus leaf and preparation method thereof
CN107711287A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 日照市经济作物站 It is a kind of to produce the method for black fungus and quantitative classification inoculation apparatus with liquid spawn
CN109275507A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-29 永富饶(天津)农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898191A (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-30 张娇 Preparation method for cultivation material of pleurotus eryngii
CN103387446A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-13 安徽金麒麟农业科技有限公司 Culture medium for pleurotus eryngii and culture method thereof
CN103497032A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation base using paulownia sawdust for bacteriostasis and its preparation method
CN103524232A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Flammulina velutipes cultivation material using cornstalk as raw material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898191A (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-30 张娇 Preparation method for cultivation material of pleurotus eryngii
CN103387446A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-13 安徽金麒麟农业科技有限公司 Culture medium for pleurotus eryngii and culture method thereof
CN103497032A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation base using paulownia sawdust for bacteriostasis and its preparation method
CN103524232A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Flammulina velutipes cultivation material using cornstalk as raw material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945123A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN104987178A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 王金生 Making method of pleurotus eryngii cultivating medium
CN107602221A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-01-19 兴义市天野农牧发展有限公司 A kind of edible fungus culture medium containing lotus leaf and preparation method thereof
CN107711287A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 日照市经济作物站 It is a kind of to produce the method for black fungus and quantitative classification inoculation apparatus with liquid spawn
CN109275507A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-29 永富饶(天津)农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium

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