CN104162779A - Fully-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine - Google Patents

Fully-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104162779A
CN104162779A CN201410358204.2A CN201410358204A CN104162779A CN 104162779 A CN104162779 A CN 104162779A CN 201410358204 A CN201410358204 A CN 201410358204A CN 104162779 A CN104162779 A CN 104162779A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
linear reciprocating
pencil sharpener
blade
output
finger cylinder
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Granted
Application number
CN201410358204.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104162779B (en
Inventor
章干强
田真超
卢国洪
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Zhejiang Ai Yite Intellectual Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Ai Yite Intellectual Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410358204.2A priority Critical patent/CN104162779B/en
Publication of CN104162779A publication Critical patent/CN104162779A/en
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Publication of CN104162779B publication Critical patent/CN104162779B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/004Feeding the articles from hoppers to machines or dispensers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms

Abstract

The invention discloses a fully-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine which allows a blade to be placed on a pencil sharpener shell accurately. The fully-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine comprises a blade feeding device. The lade feeding device comprises a first support, a supporting plate, a blade frame, a blade push mechanism, a second support, a first linear reciprocating motion mechanism, a second linear reciprocating motion mechanism and a blade taking device capable of attracting the blade. The second linear reciprocating motion mechanism is mounted at the output end of the first linear reciprocating motion mechanism, the first linear reciprocating motion mechanism is mounted on the second support, the second support is fixedly connected with a rack, and the first linear reciprocating motion mechanism is arranged to be perpendicular to the second linear reciprocating motion mechanism. The blade taking device is driven to carry out reciprocating motion between the supporting plate and a clamp through one linear reciprocating motion mechanism of the second linear reciprocating motion mechanism and the first linear reciprocating motion mechanism of the blade feeding device, and the blade taking device is driven to be lifted up and dropped down through the other linear reciprocating motion mechanism in the blade feeding device.

Description

Full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of assembling line, specifically relate to a kind of full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine.
Background technology
Publication number is CN203356987U, within open day, be that the Chinese invention patent on December 25th, 2013 discloses a kind of special-shaped pencil sharpener mounting equipment.This abnormal shape pencil sharpener mounting equipment comprises: an equipment workbench, one is arranged at the indexing rotary table on equipment workbench, described indexing rotary table below arranges a dispenser, drive indexing rotary table to rotate on equipment workbench, and stop each station to mounting equipment, be positioned at the fixture of each station below, fixture is followed indexing rotary table and is rotated on equipment workbench, each station of equipment on described indexing rotary table, comprise: a cutter shell feeding mechanism, the cutter shell of manually placing is delivered in fixture by the cutter shell supply line arranging on it, one blade installing mechanism, for blade is pushed into cutter shell, one screw mounting mechanism, by screw, cutter shell and blade are tightened, one finished product detection mechanism, detect screw by sensor and whether pack cutter shell into, one finished product drawing-out mechanism, qualified pencil sharpener is pushed to finished product magazine in the effect of cylinder, can complete.Wherein, described blade installing mechanism comprises a blade holder longitudinally arranging, accept the blade of manually putting into, one is arranged at the blade guiding pressing plate of blade holder below, accept the blade in cutter shell to be put into, be arranged at the blade push rod of blade guiding pressing plate one side, described blade push rod one side connects blade and releases cylinder, and the blade that blade release cylinder leads blade on pressing plate pushes on cutter shell.That is to say, blade is by the rectilinear motion of cylinder and be directly pushed into cutter shell (on pencil sharpener housing).Because cutter shell top only has local location to be used for installing blade, adopt the direct propelling movement of cylinder easily to cause blade to depart from, cannot accurately put on cutter shell (pencil sharpener housing).
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly blade can be put accurately to the full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine on pencil sharpener housing.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine, comprise frame, can the intermittent rotating disk rotating, for clamping fixture, pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device and the pencil sharpener drawing mechanism of pencil sharpener housing, described fixture is fixed on rotating disk, described pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device and pencil sharpener drawing mechanism are installed in frame, and are centered around the periphery of rotating disk, corresponding with pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device, pencil sharpener drawing mechanism successively by the described fixture that can the intermittent rotating disk rotating makes, described blade feedway comprises the blade capturing apparatus of the first support, supporting plate, blade holder, blade delivery device, the second support, the first linear reciprocating mechanism, the second linear reciprocating mechanism, adsorbable blade, described supporting plate is fixedly connected with the first support, described the first support is fixedly connected with described frame, described blade holder is provided with the containing cavities for receiving blade, described blade holder is fixedly connected with described supporting plate, between described blade holder and described supporting plate, there is the outlet of passing for a slice blade, by blade delivery device, blade is released seriatim and is exposed to bracket in described outlet, described blade capturing apparatus is arranged on the output of described the second linear reciprocating mechanism, described the second linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the first linear reciprocating mechanism, described the first linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described the second support, described the second support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the first linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the second linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the second linear reciprocating mechanism of described blade feedway and the first linear reciprocating mechanism, blade capturing apparatus is moved back and forth between supporting plate and fixture, and make blade capturing apparatus mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in described blade feedway.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described outlet is formed by the deep gouge being arranged on supporting plate, described blade holder is positioned at the top of this deep gouge, and expose from the both sides of blade holder at the two ends of deep gouge, described containing cavities and described deep gouge connect.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described blade delivery device comprises the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism, push rod, described push rod is fixedly connected with the output of described the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism, described push rod is positioned at described deep gouge, and push rod and deep gouge form and be slidably matched.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: pencil sharpener housing feedway involving vibrations dish device, feeding track, pencil sharpener housing feeding device, location valve and accommodating box, one end of described feeding track and described vibration disk device are adjacent, the other end of described accommodating box and described feeding track is adjacent, on described feeding track, be positioned at the position that approaches described accommodating box and be provided with described location valve, the gas port of described location valve, towards the bottom of described feeding track, can make accommodating box receive one by one from the pencil sharpener housing on feeding track by this location valve, described pencil sharpener housing feeding device comprises feeding device support, the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, the first finger cylinder, first knuckle, second knuckle, described first knuckle is connected with one of them output of described the first finger cylinder, described second knuckle is connected with another output of described the first finger cylinder, described the first finger cylinder is arranged on the output of described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described feeding device support, described feeding device support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device and the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, the first finger cylinder is moved back and forth between accommodating box and fixture, and make the first finger cylinder mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in described pencil sharpener housing feeding device.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: also comprise angular adjustment apparatus, this angular adjustment apparatus comprises the first stepper motor, mounting bracket, second finger cylinder; Described accommodating box is formed by the first pallet and the second pallet; Described the first pallet is connected with the first output of described second finger cylinder, described the second pallet is connected with the second output of described second finger cylinder, described second finger cylinder is installed in rotation on mounting bracket, and this mounting bracket is connected with frame; The first stepper motor is connected with second finger cylinder-driven, by this first stepper motor to by the pencil sharpener housing of the first pallet and the second pallet clamping adjust circumferential position.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described screw fastening device comprises screw fastening device support, linear module, the second stepper motor, the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, absorption type electric screw driver and automatic tapping machine; Described automatic tapping machine is arranged in described frame; Described absorption type electric screw driver is arranged on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism; Described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of linear module, the output of the second stepper motor is connected with the screw rod transmission on linear module, described linear module is arranged on screw fastening device support, described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism and described linear module are at right angle setting, make described absorption type electric screw driver mention and fall by this linearity module and the second stepper motor, can make described absorption type electric screw driver move back and forth between automatic tapping machine and fixture by the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: also comprise on spring, guide rod fixed block, guide rod, line slideway and sliding shoe under fixed block, guide rod, described absorption type electric screw driver is arranged on by described line slideway on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, one end of described guide rod is fixed on guide rod on fixed block, and on this guide rod, fixed block is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism; The other end of described guide rod is fixed under guide rod on fixed block, under this guide rod, fixed block is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, described sliding shoe is socketed on described guide rod, and sliding shoe and described absorption type electric screw driver form a fixed connection, this sliding shoe and described guide rod form and are slidably matched, and by described spring, described sliding shoe are pressed to fixed block under described guide rod.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism comprises drawing mechanism support, the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 3rd finger cylinder, third knuckle, the 4th dactylus, described third knuckle is connected with one of them output of described the 3rd finger cylinder, described the 4th dactylus is connected with another output of described the 3rd finger cylinder, described the 3rd finger cylinder is arranged on the output of described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described drawing mechanism support, this drawing mechanism support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism and the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 3rd finger cylinder is moved back and forth between fixture and rolling graver station, and make the 3rd to point cylinder and mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in pencil sharpener drawing mechanism.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described fixture comprises fixture substrate, guide rail, ambulatory splint, strap, pushing block and clamp spring; Described ambulatory splint is formed and is slidably connected by described guide rail and described fixture substrate; Have the first clamping part in the end of described ambulatory splint, described strap is fixedly connected with fixture substrate, has the second clamping part on described strap, and described the first clamping part is relative with described the second clamping part; By described clamp spring, described ambulatory splint is pressed to described strap, pencil sharpener housing is clamped between described the first clamping part and described the second clamping part; Described pushing block is fixedly connected with described ambulatory splint; On the output of the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device and on the output of the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism, be respectively provided with a push rod, described push rod and pushing block form inclined-plane and coordinate and ambulatory splint is moved and away from strap.
On the basis of such scheme and as the preferred version of such scheme: described blade capturing apparatus is formed by valve.
The present invention compared to existing technology outstanding and useful technique effect is:
1, full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine of the present invention has adopted the structure of the first linear reciprocating mechanism, the second linear reciprocating mechanism and blade capturing apparatus, and its three cooperatively interacts, and has and puts accurate effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the part-structure schematic diagram of blade feedway of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the part-structure schematic diagram of blade feedway of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of pencil sharpener housing feedway of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of angular adjustment apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of pencil sharpener housing feeding device of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of screw fastening device of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of pencil sharpener drawing mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of fixture of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, referring to Fig. 1-Figure 10;
The full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine that the present embodiment provides, comprise frame 200, can the intermittent rotating disk 300 rotating, for clamping fixture 100, pencil sharpener housing feedway 400, blade feedway 500, screw fastening device 600 and the pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700 of pencil sharpener housing.This full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine adopts PLC control system, to realize full-automatic assembling pencil sharpener.This PLC control system also can be by sensor the integrality to pencil sharpener housing, whether blade is installed on pencil sharpener housing and whether is adopted screw that blade is fastened on pencil sharpener housing and is monitored, and the foundation that these monitor messages are screened as pencil sharpener housing finished product.To realize full-automatic assembling pencil sharpener.Described pencil sharpener housing feedway 400, blade feedway 500, screw fastening device 600 and pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700 are installed in frame 200, and are centered around the periphery of rotating disk 300.Corresponding with pencil sharpener housing feedway 400, blade feedway 500, screw fastening device 600, pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700 successively by the described fixture 100 that can the intermittent rotating disk 300 rotating makes; Specifically, when turntable intermittent, the position of fixture 100 is corresponding with pencil sharpener housing feedway 400, to accept pencil sharpener housing; This fixture with dial rotation after intermittently time, the position of fixture 100 is corresponding with blade feedway 500, to accept the blade of pencil sharpener; When this fixture rotates rear intermittence again with rotating disk, the position of fixture 100 is corresponding with screw fastening device 600, to accept screw; When this fixture rotates rear intermittence again with rotating disk, the position of fixture 100 is corresponding with pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700, to collect finished product pencil sharpener.
Wherein, can the intermittent rotating disk 300 rotating be that rotating disk and frame 200 formation are rotatably connected, adopt a stepper motor to drive dial rotation by transmission mechanism.This stepper motor is subject to the intermittent rotation of PLC control system control.
Described fixture 100 is fixed on rotating disk 300; In the present embodiment, on rotating disk 300, be provided with 4 fixtures 100, be distributed on rotating disk 300, to increase work efficiency.Certainly, also can on rotating disk, only be provided with a fixture.
Described blade feedway 500 comprises the blade capturing apparatus 580 of the first support 510, supporting plate 520, blade holder 530, blade delivery device 540, the second support 550, the first linear reciprocating mechanism 560, the second linear reciprocating mechanism 570, adsorbable blade.Described supporting plate 520 is fixedly connected with the first support 510.Described the first support 510 is fixedly connected with described frame 200.Described blade holder 530 is provided with the containing cavities 531 for receiving blade, and the cross sectional inner diameter of this containing cavities is slightly larger than the external diameter of a blade, so that blade landing in this containing cavities.Described blade holder 530 is fixedly connected with described supporting plate 520, has the outlet 590 of passing for a slice blade between described blade holder 530 and described supporting plate 520.By blade delivery device 540, blade is exposed to bracket 520 from the interior release of described outlet 590 seriatim, that is to say, blade is released completely in host cavity.Preferably, described outlet 590 is formed by the deep gouge 521 being arranged on supporting plate 520, described blade holder 530 is positioned at the top of this deep gouge 521, and expose from the both sides of blade holder 530 at the two ends of deep gouge 521, described containing cavities 531 connects with described deep gouge 521, and the blade in containing cavities can be directly slipped in deep gouge.This deep gouge, also as the transmission track of blade, utilizes the transmission of this deep gouge blade to play the effect of guiding, to prevent that blade from departing from the process of being carried out by blade delivery device.Can make blade be attached on blade capturing apparatus by controlling blade capturing apparatus, by control also can make to be attached to this also the blade on sheet capturing apparatus come off.Described blade capturing apparatus 580 is arranged on the output of described the second linear reciprocating mechanism 570, described the second linear reciprocating mechanism 570 is arranged on the output of described the first linear reciprocating mechanism 560, described the first linear reciprocating mechanism 560 is arranged on described the second support 550, described the second support 550 is fixedly connected with described frame 200, and described the first linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the second linear reciprocating mechanism.In the present embodiment, by the second linear reciprocating mechanism 570, blade capturing apparatus 580 is moved back and forth between supporting plate 520 and fixture 100, blade capturing apparatus 580 is there is be positioned at the position of supporting plate 520 tops and fixture 100 tops.Make blade capturing apparatus 580 mention and fall by the first linear reciprocating mechanism 560, when blade capturing apparatus is raised, in short transverse, blade capturing apparatus has distance with supporting plate, the pencil sharpener housing that is held on fixture respectively, so that blade capturing apparatus can move swimmingly between two positions above supporting plate and above fixture.When capturing apparatus is fallen, so that capturing apparatus can absorb the blade being positioned on supporting plate and the blade being attached on capturing apparatus is attached on pencil sharpener housing.The course of work of this blade feedway is: after blade is released in containing cavities by blade delivery device and is exposed to supporting plate, the output of the first linear reciprocating mechanism falls the second linear reciprocating mechanism and blade capturing apparatus, allow blade capturing apparatus adhere to blade, then the output of the first linear reciprocating mechanism just mention by the second linear reciprocating mechanism and blade capturing apparatus; The output of the second linear reciprocating mechanism moves to the top (by the pencil sharpener housing feedway pencil sharpener housing that makes to be installed in this fixture) of the pencil sharpener housing on fixture with blade capturing apparatus, after completing, the output of the first linear reciprocating mechanism falls blade capturing apparatus, blade is seated on pencil sharpener housing, afterwards, controlling capturing apparatus is separated itself and blade; Then, the output of the first linear reciprocating mechanism is mentioned the second linear reciprocating mechanism and blade capturing apparatus, and the output of the second linear reciprocating mechanism moves to blade capturing apparatus the top of supporting plate.In the present embodiment, linear reciprocating mechanism preferably adopts slide unit.
Be understandable that, will move to from supporting plate in the process on pencil sharpener housing, by blade capturing apparatus, the first linear reciprocating mechanism and the second linear reciprocating mechanism, blade can be landed on pencil sharpener housing accurately.
As the direct distortion of above-described embodiment, by the first linear reciprocating mechanism, blade capturing apparatus is moved back and forth between supporting plate and fixture, make blade capturing apparatus mention and fall by the second linear reciprocating mechanism.
In the present embodiment, described blade delivery device 540 comprises the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism 541, push rod 542, and described push rod 542 is fixedly connected with the output of described the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism 541.In the present embodiment, the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism adopts the structure of cylinder, and it also can adopt the structure of slide unit certainly.Described push rod 542 is positioned at described deep gouge 521, and push rod 542 forms and is slidably matched with deep gouge 521.As the direct distortion of this structure, blade also can be released blade to realize by the cooperation of cam follower structure in containing cavities.
In the present embodiment, pencil sharpener housing feedway 400 involving vibrations dish devices 410, feeding track 420, pencil sharpener housing feeding device 430, location valve 440 and accommodating box 450.Wherein vibration disk device forms arranged in sequence to the pencil sharpener housing of mixed and disorderly stacking, and allows facing up for one of blade is installed on it, and this vibration disk device belongs to prior art, repeats no more here.One end of described feeding track 420 and described vibration disk device 410 are adjacent, and described accommodating box 450 is adjacent with the other end of described feeding track 420, so that pencil sharpener housing is delivered in accommodating box.On described feeding track 420, be positioned at the position that approaches described accommodating box 450 and be provided with described location valve 440, the gas port of described location valve 440, towards the bottom of described feeding track 420, can make accommodating box 450 receive one by one from the pencil sharpener housing on feeding track 420 by this location valve 440.The gas blowing out by this location valve blocks the pencil sharpener housing on feeding track, to prevent that once too much pencil sharpener housing slides in accommodating box.It is in the time of work, a pencil sharpener housing is by locating behind valve below, location valve ejection gas, with retardance pencil sharpener housing, after pencil sharpener housing in case waiting is removed, location valve stops spraying gas, another pencil sharpener housing from the below of location valve through and slip in accommodating box, valve sprays gas again, goes round and begins again.Described pencil sharpener housing feeding device 430 comprises feeding device support 431, the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism 432, the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433, the first finger cylinder 434, first knuckle 435, second knuckle 436.Described first knuckle 435 is connected with one of them output of described the first finger cylinder 434, and described second knuckle 436 is connected with another output of described the first finger cylinder 434.Can make first knuckle and second knuckle form mutually away from and mutually draw close by controlling the first finger cylinder, to form the action of gripping and release.Described the first finger cylinder 434 is arranged on the output of described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433, described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433 is arranged on the output of described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism 432, described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism 432 is arranged on described feeding device support 431, described feeding device support 431 is fixedly connected with described frame 200, and described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism 432 is vertical setting mutually with the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433; By the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433 of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device, the first finger cylinder 434 is moved back and forth between accommodating box 450 and fixture 100, and make the first finger cylinder mention and fall by the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism 432.This pencil sharpener housing feeding device and capturing apparatus, the first linear reciprocating mechanism are similar with the course of work of the second linear reciprocating mechanism, no longer describe in detail here.As the direct distortion of the present embodiment, by the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device, the first finger cylinder is moved back and forth between accommodating box and fixture, and make the first finger cylinder mention and fall by the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism.
The pencil sharpener housing feedway of full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine can also be provided with angular adjustment apparatus 460, and this angular adjustment apparatus 460 comprises the first stepper motor 461, mounting bracket 462, second finger cylinder 463; Described accommodating box 450 is formed by the first pallet 451 and the second pallet 452; Described the first pallet 451 is connected with the first output of described second finger cylinder 463, described the second pallet 452 is connected with the second output of described second finger cylinder 463, described second finger cylinder 463 is installed in rotation on mounting bracket 462, and this mounting bracket 462 is connected with frame 200; The first stepper motor 461 is connected with second finger cylinder-driven, that is to say, the first stepper motor 461 drives second finger cylinder to rotate on mounting bracket.By this first stepper motor 461 to by the pencil sharpener housing of the first pallet 451 and the second pallet 452 clampings adjust circumferential position.When this angular adjustment apparatus work, when pencil sharpener housing is fallen on the first pallet and the second pallet, second finger cylinder operation, make the first pallet and the second pallet hold pencil sharpener housing tightly, then the first stepping machine operation, make pencil sharpener housing carry out micro-angle adjustment, so that be subject to the first knuckle of the first finger cylinder control, second knuckle to grab pencil sharpener housing with the angle position of setting.Be understandable that, after by this angular adjustment apparatus, the position of pencil sharpener housing being adjusted, the position that each pencil sharpener housing is installed on fixture also can be consistent, for blade is precisely provided by the condition that provides.
In the present embodiment, described screw fastening device 600 comprises screw fastening device support 610, linear module 620, the second stepper motor 630, the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640, absorption type electric screw driver 650 and automatic tapping machine 660; Described automatic tapping machine 660 is arranged in described frame 200.Wherein, automatic tapping machine 660 is realized the ordered arrangement of screw, and to provide screw to absorption type electric screw driver, this belongs to prior art, repeats no more here.Described absorption type electric screw driver 650 is arranged on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640; Described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640 is arranged on the output of linear module 620, and the output of the second stepper motor 630 is connected with the screw rod transmission on linear module 620, and described linear module 620 is arranged on screw fastening device support 610.Linear module is mainly made up of screw body and line slideway.Described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640 is at right angle setting with described linear module 620, make described absorption type electric screw driver 650 mention and fall by this linearity module 620 and the second stepper motor 630, can make described absorption type electric screw driver 650 move back and forth between automatic tapping machine 660 and fixture 100 by the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640.This screw fastening device and capturing apparatus, the first linear reciprocating mechanism are similar with the course of work of the second linear reciprocating mechanism, no longer describe in detail here.
On the basis of above-mentioned screw fastening device structure, this screw fastening device 600 is also provided with draws together on spring 670, guide rod fixed block 682, guide rod 690, line slideway 6010 and sliding shoe 6020 under fixed block 681, guide rod, described absorption type electric screw driver 650 is arranged on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640 by described line slideway 6010, one end of described guide rod 690 is fixed on guide rod on fixed block 681, and on this guide rod, fixed block 681 is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640; The other end of described guide rod 690 is fixed under guide rod on fixed block 682, under this guide rod, fixed block 682 is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism 640, described sliding shoe 6020 is socketed on described guide rod 690, and sliding shoe 6020 forms a fixed connection with described absorption type electric screw driver 650.In the present embodiment, described absorption type electric screw driver 650 is arranged on line slideway 6010 by sliding shoe 6020.This sliding shoe 6020 forms and is slidably matched with described guide rod 690, by described spring, described sliding shoe 6020 is pressed to fixed block 682 under described guide rod.In the present embodiment, spring adopts the structure of stage clip, and one end of this stage clip is against on guide rod on fixed block, and the other end is against on sliding shoe.Adopt this structure, make absorption type electric screw driver on the installation direction of screw, there is certain slippage by this line slideway, avoid this absorption type electric screw driver to form rigidity with pencil sharpener in the time falling and contacted, by the pressure of spring, this absorption type electric screw driver has been kept in touch in beginning in the process of tightening screw.Be understandable that, the screw fastening device of this structure has reduced the requirement to screw pitch parameter, has improved the applicable ability of this full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine.
In the present embodiment, described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700 comprises drawing mechanism support 710, the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism 720, the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730, the 3rd finger cylinder 740, third knuckle 751, the 4th dactylus 752.Described third knuckle 751 is connected with one of them output of described the 3rd finger cylinder 740, and described the 4th dactylus 752 is connected with another output of described the 3rd finger cylinder 740.Described the 3rd finger cylinder 740 is arranged on the output of described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730, described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730 is arranged on the output of described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism 720, described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism 720 is arranged on described drawing mechanism support 710, and this drawing mechanism support 710 is fixedly connected with described frame 200.Described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730 is vertical setting mutually with the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism 720.In the present embodiment, by described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730, the 3rd finger cylinder 740 is moved back and forth between fixture 100 and rolling graver station.Rolling graver station is in the extreme position that is away from fixture of the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism.Make the 3rd finger cylinder 740 mention and fall by the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism 720.The course of work of this pencil sharpener drawing mechanism and pencil sharpener housing feeding device is similar, the difference of the two is: the first finger cylinder coordinates first knuckle, second knuckle to form grasping movement at accommodating box end, and the 3rd finger cylinder coordinates third knuckle, the 4th dactylus to form grasping movement at fixture end; The first finger cylinder coordinates first knuckle, second knuckle to form release movement at fixture end, and the 3rd finger cylinder coordinates third knuckle, the 4th dactylus to form release movement at rolling graver station end.Certainly, as the direct distortion of the present embodiment, by described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 3rd finger cylinder is moved back and forth between fixture and rolling graver station, rolling graver station is in, and makes the 3rd finger cylinder mention and fall by the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism.
In the present embodiment, described fixture 100 comprises fixture substrate 110, guide rail 120, ambulatory splint 130, strap 140, pushing block 150 and clamp spring 160.Described ambulatory splint 130 is formed and is slidably connected with described fixture substrate 110 by described guide rail 120; In the present embodiment, guide rail 120 comprises track and slide block, and track is fixed on fixture substrate, and ambulatory splint is fixed on slide block.Certainly, also can adopt the guide rail of other concrete structure to obtain ambulatory splint 130 with respect to the linear slide between fixture substrate 110.Have the first clamping part 131 in the end of described ambulatory splint 130, described strap 140 is fixedly connected with fixture substrate 110, has the second clamping part 141 on described strap 140, and described the first clamping part 131 is relative with described the second clamping part 141; Between the first clamping part 131 and the second clamping part 141, be used for receiving pencil sharpener housing.By described clamp spring 160, described ambulatory splint 130 is pressed to described strap 140, pencil sharpener housing is clamped between described the first clamping part and described the second clamping part; Described pushing block 150 is fixedly connected with described ambulatory splint 130; On the output of the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism 433 of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device 430 and on the output of the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism 730 of described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism 700, be respectively provided with a push rod 170, as shown in the figure, push rod 170 is the tops that are positioned at fixture 100, described push rod 170 and pushing block 150 form inclined-plane and coordinate and ambulatory splint 130 is moved and away from strap 140, the pencil sharpener housing or pencil sharpener is taken out from this fixture so that this fixture is opened to be installed.Specifically, on push rod or pushing block, be provided with inclined-plane, when push rod is in company with finger cylinder while falling, utilize this inclined-plane and make pushing block drive ambulatory splint to move.Can certainly on push rod and pushing block, be equipped with inclined-plane.
In the present embodiment, described blade capturing apparatus 580 is formed by valve.This capturing apparatus is subject to the control of magnetic valve, and valve forms when air-breathing, forms negative pressure and blade is adsorbed on this valve, otherwise can make the blade being attached on this valve come off in valve.
Above-described embodiment is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limits the scope of the invention according to this, therefore: all equivalences of doing according to structure of the present invention, shape, principle change, within all should being covered by protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine, comprise frame, can the intermittent rotating disk rotating, for clamping fixture, pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device and the pencil sharpener drawing mechanism of pencil sharpener housing, described fixture is fixed on rotating disk, described pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device and pencil sharpener drawing mechanism are installed in frame, and are centered around the periphery of rotating disk, corresponding with pencil sharpener housing feedway, blade feedway, screw fastening device, pencil sharpener drawing mechanism successively by the described fixture that can the intermittent rotating disk rotating makes, it is characterized in that: described blade feedway comprises the blade capturing apparatus of the first support, supporting plate, blade holder, blade delivery device, the second support, the first linear reciprocating mechanism, the second linear reciprocating mechanism, adsorbable blade, described supporting plate is fixedly connected with the first support, described the first support is fixedly connected with described frame, described blade holder is provided with the containing cavities for receiving blade, described blade holder is fixedly connected with described supporting plate, between described blade holder and described supporting plate, there is the outlet of passing for a slice blade, by blade delivery device, blade is released seriatim and is exposed to bracket in described outlet, described blade capturing apparatus is arranged on the output of described the second linear reciprocating mechanism, described the second linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the first linear reciprocating mechanism, described the first linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described the second support, described the second support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the first linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the second linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the second linear reciprocating mechanism of described blade feedway and the first linear reciprocating mechanism, blade capturing apparatus is moved back and forth between supporting plate and fixture, and make blade capturing apparatus mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in described blade feedway.
2. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outlet is formed by the deep gouge being arranged on supporting plate, described blade holder is positioned at the top of this deep gouge, and the two ends of deep gouge expose from the both sides of blade holder, and described containing cavities and described deep gouge connect.
3. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described blade delivery device comprises the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism, push rod, described push rod is fixedly connected with the output of described the 3rd linear reciprocating mechanism, described push rod is positioned at described deep gouge, and push rod and deep gouge form and be slidably matched.
4. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: pencil sharpener housing feedway involving vibrations dish device, feeding track, pencil sharpener housing feeding device, location valve and accommodating box, one end of described feeding track and described vibration disk device are adjacent, the other end of described accommodating box and described feeding track is adjacent, on described feeding track, be positioned at the position that approaches described accommodating box and be provided with described location valve, the gas port of described location valve, towards the bottom of described feeding track, can make accommodating box receive one by one from the pencil sharpener housing on feeding track by this location valve, described pencil sharpener housing feeding device comprises feeding device support, the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, the first finger cylinder, first knuckle, second knuckle, described first knuckle is connected with one of them output of described the first finger cylinder, described second knuckle is connected with another output of described the first finger cylinder, described the first finger cylinder is arranged on the output of described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described feeding device support, described feeding device support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the 4th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device and the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism, the first finger cylinder is moved back and forth between accommodating box and fixture, and make the first finger cylinder mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in described pencil sharpener housing feeding device.
5. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: also comprise angular adjustment apparatus, this angular adjustment apparatus comprises the first stepper motor, mounting bracket, second finger cylinder; Described accommodating box is formed by the first pallet and the second pallet; Described the first pallet is connected with the first output of described second finger cylinder, described the second pallet is connected with the second output of described second finger cylinder, described second finger cylinder is installed in rotation on mounting bracket, and this mounting bracket is connected with frame; The first stepper motor is connected with second finger cylinder-driven, by this first stepper motor to by the pencil sharpener housing of the first pallet and the second pallet clamping adjust circumferential position.
6. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described screw fastening device comprises screw fastening device support, linear module, the second stepper motor, the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, absorption type electric screw driver and automatic tapping machine; Described automatic tapping machine is arranged in described frame; Described absorption type electric screw driver is arranged on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism; Described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of linear module, the output of the second stepper motor is connected with the screw rod transmission on linear module, described linear module is arranged on screw fastening device support, described the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism and described linear module are at right angle setting, make described absorption type electric screw driver mention and fall by this linearity module and the second stepper motor, can make described absorption type electric screw driver move back and forth between automatic tapping machine and fixture by the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism.
7. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: also comprise on spring, guide rod fixed block, guide rod, line slideway and sliding shoe under fixed block, guide rod, described absorption type electric screw driver is arranged on by described line slideway on the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, one end of described guide rod is fixed on guide rod on fixed block, and on this guide rod, fixed block is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism; The other end of described guide rod is fixed under guide rod on fixed block, under this guide rod, fixed block is fixedly connected with the output of the 6th linear reciprocating mechanism, described sliding shoe is socketed on described guide rod, and sliding shoe and described absorption type electric screw driver form a fixed connection, this sliding shoe and described guide rod form and are slidably matched, and by described spring, described sliding shoe are pressed to fixed block under described guide rod.
8. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism comprises drawing mechanism support, the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 3rd finger cylinder, third knuckle, the 4th dactylus, described third knuckle is connected with one of them output of described the 3rd finger cylinder, described the 4th dactylus is connected with another output of described the 3rd finger cylinder, described the 3rd finger cylinder is arranged on the output of described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on the output of described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, described the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism is arranged on described drawing mechanism support, this drawing mechanism support is fixedly connected with described frame, described the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism is vertical setting mutually with the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, by one of them linear reciprocating mechanism in the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism and the 7th linear reciprocating mechanism, the 3rd finger cylinder is moved back and forth between fixture and rolling graver station, and make the 3rd to point cylinder and mention and fall by another linear reciprocating mechanism in pencil sharpener drawing mechanism.
9. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described fixture comprises fixture substrate, guide rail, ambulatory splint, strap, pushing block and clamp spring; Described ambulatory splint is formed and is slidably connected by described guide rail and described fixture substrate; Have the first clamping part in the end of described ambulatory splint, described strap is fixedly connected with fixture substrate, has the second clamping part on described strap, and described the first clamping part is relative with described the second clamping part; By described clamp spring, described ambulatory splint is pressed to described strap, pencil sharpener housing is clamped between described the first clamping part and described the second clamping part; Described pushing block is fixedly connected with described ambulatory splint; On the output of the 5th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener housing feeding device and on the output of the 8th linear reciprocating mechanism of described pencil sharpener drawing mechanism, be respectively provided with a push rod, described push rod and pushing block form inclined-plane and coordinate and ambulatory splint is moved and away from strap.
10. full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described blade capturing apparatus is formed by valve.
CN201410358204.2A 2014-07-25 2014-07-25 Full-automatic pencil sharpener assembly machine Active CN104162779B (en)

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CN106181376A (en) * 2016-09-19 2016-12-07 瑞安市恒晟自动化设备有限公司 Blade apparatus is sent on pencil sharpener kludge
CN108747344A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 文丹 A kind of assembly device of Multifunctional key-ring pendant automatic assembling machine
CN109304963A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-02-05 岑冠颖 A kind of gel ink pen automatic assembly equipment
CN110682091A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-01-14 杨满笑 Automatic production equipment and production method of cutter with handle
CN111168392A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-05-19 温州大学 Direct-liquid type pen assembly machine
CN112318602A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-05 耿莉 Automatic tool changing device for pathological slicing knife

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JP2000326151A (en) * 1999-05-14 2000-11-28 Hitachi Service & Engineering (East) Ltd Small sized product automatic assembly device
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CN110682091A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-01-14 杨满笑 Automatic production equipment and production method of cutter with handle
CN111168392A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-05-19 温州大学 Direct-liquid type pen assembly machine
CN112318602A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-05 耿莉 Automatic tool changing device for pathological slicing knife

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