CN104161579B - Sleeve-in fixed-angle-type supporting frame assembly push and press fixator based on shrinking and expanding type - Google Patents

Sleeve-in fixed-angle-type supporting frame assembly push and press fixator based on shrinking and expanding type Download PDF

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CN104161579B
CN104161579B CN 201310470838 CN201310470838A CN104161579B CN 104161579 B CN104161579 B CN 104161579B CN 201310470838 CN201310470838 CN 201310470838 CN 201310470838 A CN201310470838 A CN 201310470838A CN 104161579 B CN104161579 B CN 104161579B
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pin
fixed
swell
pressing
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CN104161579A (en
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周亚峰
杨向军
李红霞
韩莲花
蒋文平
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苏州大学附属第一医院
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器,通过对基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器中的两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架等结构和连接关系的独特设计,克服了现有技术无法有效智能控制对骨折固定装置缩胀、无法精确稳定以及精确可调节的定角度控制骨骼固定位置、操作复杂,不易拆卸、成本高、对骨折手术后恢复周期慢等难题,实现了能够对骨科损伤进行弹性、智能、精确、可调节固定,以及具有创伤小、手术时间短、术后恢复快、操作简单方便等有益效果。 The present invention relates to a composition trance angle bracket pressed and fixed type based on the swell and shrink sleeve, both ends of the tubular body through meditation on the swell and shrink sleeve type fracture Angle bracket assembly is pressed in the fixture is blunt end, the and the lower pressure side pressure bracket like bracket configurations and connection relationship of the unique design of the prior art can not effectively overcome the intelligent control of the swell and shrink fracture fixation device, can not be precisely accurate and stable adjustable bone fixation predetermined angle control position, complex operation, easily disassembled, high cost, slow recovery cycle after fracture and other problems, can be realized elastic orthopedic injury, intelligent, precise, adjustable fixing, and with less trauma, short operation time, quick recovery, simple operation and other beneficial effects.

Description

基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器 Angle bracket assembly meditation pressed and fixed based on the swell and shrink sleeve type

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及骨折固定技术领域,尤其涉及一种定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器,更具体的说涉及一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of fracture fixation, particularly to a fixed- angle pressed holder assembly fracture fixation device, more particularly relates to type based on the swell and shrink sleeve fracture meditation Angle bracket assembly is pressed retainer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现阶段,在骨科损伤的治疗中,固定是其中的重要的环节,因此受到极大的关注,并不断在进行技术上的改进,以求达到更好的治疗效果。 [0002] At this stage, in the treatment of orthopedic injuries, the fixing is one of the important part, and therefore be of great concern, and we will continue making technical improvements in order to achieve better therapeutic effect. 在临床治疗过程中发现,目前的下胫腓分离和肩关节脱位的固定存在一定缺陷,有必要加以改进。 In the course of clinical treatment found that some defects fixed current tibiofibular separation and shoulder dislocation, it is necessary to be improved.

[0003] 下胫腓关节由韧带联合、皱襞和骨连结三部分组成,下胫腓关节结构既牢固又有弹性,是保证踝关节正常运动的重要稳定结构。 [0003] the tibiofibular joint by the joint ligaments, bone and folds coupling of three parts, the tibiofibular joint structure both strong and elastic, is important to ensure a stable structure normal movement of the ankle joint. 下胫腓分离是临床常见损伤,可以导致踝关节不稳外,由于踝关节接触面积及其生物力学特性的改变,可能继发骨性关节炎,加重踝关节损害。 The tibiofibular separation is a common clinical injury, it can lead to an outer ankle instability due to changes in the contact area and the ankle biomechanical properties, may be secondary to osteoarthritis, increased ankle joint damage. 下胫腓连结损伤的治疗应维持弹性固定。 Injury Treatment Tibiofibular link should be maintained elastically fixed. 目前,急性下胫腓分离的早期手术内固定仍是主要治疗手段,常用的手术方式是复位下胫腓关节后应用拉力螺钉固定,然而这种固定是坚强固定,不符合下胫腓关节的生物力学特点,应该行弹性固定。 Currently, acute inferior tibiofibular isolated early surgery is still the main fixing treatment, is used to reset the surgical tibiofibular joint after the lag screw applications, however, this fixation is strong fixing, does not meet the inferior tibiofibular joint biological mechanical characteristics, should be flexible fixed line.

[0004] 肩锁关节脱位多为直接暴力损伤,在交通事故中肩部受到直接撞击致伤。 [0004] acromioclavicular joint dislocation mostly direct violence injury, damage from direct contact shoulder injury in a traffic accident. 该部位骨折或脱位时,可造成临近韧带不同程度的损伤,致使肩关节功能障碍。 When the site of the fracture or dislocation can cause varying degrees of damage near the ligament, resulting in shoulder joint dysfunction. 肩锁关节脱位的手术方法很多,传统的有克氏针张力带固定、钢丝固定等,但这些方法有克氏针脱出、固定不牢靠而致前后不稳等缺点。 Many surgical acromioclavicular joint dislocation, conventional tension band has a fixed, fixed wire, but these methods have prolapse Kirschner wire, is not firmly fixed longitudinal instability caused disadvantages. 锁骨钩钢板治疗肩锁关节脱位,虽然效果良好,但是这些手术方法创伤大,软组织损伤重,钩钢板自肩峰下穿过,容易在上肢外展时产生肩峰下撞击,而且价格较为昂贵。 Clavicular hook plate acromioclavicular joint dislocation, although good results, but these surgical trauma, soft tissue and its hook plate from subacromial through is likely to occur when the upper impact subacromial abduction, but more expensive. 此外,这种固定不符合肩锁关节具有一定弹性的生物力学特点,因此有必要改进器械提闻治疗效果。 Moreover, this does not meet the fixed acromioclavicular joint biomechanics having a certain elasticity, it is necessary to provide an improved instrument smell treatment.

[0005] 此外,我们还知道,在骨科医疗手术中,肩锁关节脱位的复位和固定是需要掌握的一种操作。 [0005] In addition, we also know that in the orthopedic medical procedures, reduction and fixation of the acromioclavicular joint dislocation is an operational need to know. 肩锁关节脱位多为直接暴力损伤,如在交通事故中肩部受到直接撞击致伤。 Acromioclavicular joint dislocation injuries are mostly direct violence, such as in a road accident shoulder injury damage from direct contact. 该部位骨折或脱位时,可造成附近韧带不同程度的损伤,致使肩关节功能障碍。 When the site of the fracture or dislocation, can cause varying degrees of damage near the ligament, resulting in shoulder joint dysfunction. 治疗肩锁关节脱位的手术方法很多,传统的有克氏针张力带固定、钩钢板固定、钢丝固定等。 Many surgical acromioclavicular joint dislocation, with a conventional tension band is fixed, hook plate, wire fixation. 在这些方法中,克氏针张力带固定方法的缺点是克氏针容易脱出、固定不牢靠导致前后不稳定;而应用钩钢板治疗肩锁关节脱位时,将钩钢板的远端钩插在肩峰的下方,容易在上肢外展时产生肩峰下撞击,且由于其板体轮廓较大不利于行肩锁关节韧带修复,取出时往往会损伤肩锁关节韧带。 In these methods, disadvantages Kirschner tension band Kirschner method is readily released, leading to longitudinal instability is not firmly fixed; the hook plate for use when acromioclavicular dislocation, the distal end of the hook plate is inserted in the hook shoulder below the peak is likely to occur when the upper impact subacromial abduction, and because of their large plate contour line is not conducive to the acromioclavicular joint ligament repair, it tends to damage when removing the acromioclavicular joint ligaments. 钩钢板的远端插在肩峰下,无额外固定,因此会发生前后和上下的活动,部分患者钩钢板甚至发生明显脱位而失去固定作用。 Distal end of the hook plate inserted in the shoulder, no additional fixed, and therefore may occur before and after the up and down of activities, some patients even lose hook plate fixation obvious dislocation. 为此,医务人员和患者都希望开发和研制新的手术器械和方法,以便在治疗肩锁关节脱位时达到更好的手术效果,同时能够减少患者的痛苦和减轻经济上的负担,并能够在基层医院推广使用。 For this reason, medical staff and patients and are hoping to develop new surgical instruments and methods developed in order to achieve better surgical results in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation, while being able to reduce the suffering of patients and reduce the burden on the economy, and be able to primary hospitals.

[0006] 在骨科固定领域中,骨科手术中应用克氏针固定,或应用克氏针引导螺钉固定,是非常普遍的。 [0006] In the field of orthopedic fixation, pinning orthopedic surgery application, the guide screws or Kirschner wire application, is very common. 开放性手术使用的导向器引导克氏针各式各样,准确性较高;而闭合性经皮肤骨穿针的导向器,也有报道,但准确性不高,没有得到广泛的推广。 Open surgery using a variety of guides to guide Kirschner, high accuracy; and bone needle through the skin closed guides, have also been reported, but the accuracy is not high, it has not been widely promoted. 在当今外科手术技术飞速发展的时代,经皮肤微创手术方式越来越得到广泛的认可和备受大力推广。 In today's era of rapid development of surgical techniques, minimally invasive surgical approach through the skin more and more widely recognized and much to promote. 经皮肤置钉固定术是指皮肤切开为约5-10mm,在套筒保护下,穿刺达骨面,钻入骨圆针,或者顺骨圆针置入空心螺钉。 Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation means skin incision of about 5-10mm, in the protective sleeve, puncture bone surface, drill osseous pin, or cis-osseous pin into a hollow screw. 例如:股骨颈骨折闭合复位空心螺钉内固定术,骶髂关节螺钉固定,肱骨髁上骨折闭合复位内固定术,四肢骨折髓内钉固定术中附加阻挡钉的置入,等等。 For example: femoral neck fracture closed reduction and cannulated screw fixation, sacroiliac screw fixation, fracture internal fixation closed supracondylar fractures of limbs intramedullary nail fixation nail into additional barrier, and the like. 如何能经皮准确穿入导引针,仍然很困难;大多数需要反复钻入,直到位置合适为止,即使经验丰富的医生也难免反复多次后才能达到满意的位置,这样不但操作时间长,病人受X线照射次数多,而且破坏骨的质量,使固定不牢固。 Accurate skin penetration guide pin is still difficult, how can warp; most need to repeatedly drill until a suitable position so far, even after experienced doctors inevitably repeated several times in order to achieve a satisfactory position, it will not only operate for a long time, number of patients affected by the multi X-ray irradiation and destruction of bone mass, so is not firmly fixed. 目前较为准确的方法是应用计算机导航技术,但该设备价格昂贵,技术难以掌握,不能普遍推广。 Currently more accurate method is the application of computer navigation technology, but the equipment is expensive, difficult to master technology, not universal. 所以急需一些价廉物美,操作简便,准确性高,易于推广的简易固定器。 So urgent need of some cheap, easy operation, high accuracy, easy to promote a simple holder. 以下示例说明: The following example illustrates:

[0007] 例1:股骨颈骨折是临床常见的骨折类型,它也是目前被称为“未能解决的骨折”。 [0007] Example 1: femoral neck fracture is a common clinical fracture type, it is now known as "unsolved fracture." 可以发生在任何年龄,以老年人为多。 It can occur at any age, with older people as much. 骨折分为无移位骨折和移位型骨折,目前治疗的方法公认为:60岁以下病人,无论是无移位或是移位型骨折,都采用复位内固定术;80岁以上的骨折采用关节置换术;而60-80岁以内的病人,治疗存在争论,目前普遍认为:无移位骨折采用复位内固定术,移位型骨折采用关节置换术。 No fractures and fracture into displaced fractures, treatment methods that are currently known: patients 60 years of age, or whether no shift displaced fractures, and internal fixation are used; fractures over 80 years arthroplasty; and the patient within 60-80 years of age, treatment controversial, now widely recognized that: non-displaced fractures and internal fixation, displaced fractures using arthroplasty.

[0008] 我们知道,复位内固定术分为开放复位和闭合复位;切开内固定和经皮内固定术,所以“闭合复位+经皮内固定术”是目前最为微创、技术要求高、应该普遍推广的术式。 [0008] As we know, internal fixation divided into open and closed reduction reset; cut percutaneous fixation and fixation, so the "closed reduction percutaneous fixation +" is the most invasive, technically demanding, It should be popularized surgical procedures. 闭合复位绝大部分病人在牵引床上均能做到,少数粉碎性骨折需要切开复位。 Closed reduction in the majority of patients were able to achieve traction bed, a small number of fractures require open reduction. 而经皮内固定术:是经皮肤置钉固定术是指皮肤切开为约5-8mm,在套筒保护下,穿刺达骨面,钻入骨圆针,或者顺骨圆针置入空心螺钉。 And percutaneous fixation: a percutaneous pedicle screw fixation means about 5-8mm skin incision, the sleeve in the protective, puncture bone surface, drill osseous pin, or cis-osseous pin inserted hollow screw . 目前只有在计算机和CT辅助下,利用导航才能准确定位,而国内只有极少数医院具备该价格达400万元的设备。 At present only in computer assisted and CT, can use navigation and accurate positioning, but there were only a handful of hospitals with the price of 400 million devices. 对于股骨颈骨折的复位固定术,目前公认的疗效较好的是经皮肤三枚空心加压螺钉固定,三枚螺钉分布于股骨颈的中下部、呈倒三角形而且相互平行,三枚螺钉尽量展开,紧贴股骨颈内侧皮质骨。 For the fixation of femoral neck fractures, the currently accepted good effect is percutaneous three hollow compression screw fixation, three screws distributed in the lower portion of the femoral neck, inverted triangle and parallel to each other and try to expand the three screws , close to the medial cortical femoral bone. 这样的固定有利于增加了骨折复位后的稳定性、减少骨折的再移位,促进骨愈合、减少不愈合和股骨头缺血性坏死。 Such fixed facilitate increased stability after fractures, fractures reduced again to promote bone healing, reduce nonunion and avascular necrosis. 现临床大多数是行切开复位内固定术,需要切开肌肉筋膜组织以显露钻孔位置;手术中为了准确成功的置钉,往往需要反复钻孔、透视,才能达到合适的位置,过多的钻孔破坏了股骨颈内的血液供应,并造成骨量丢失,降低了骨折固定的牢固性、也是引起骨折不愈合和股骨头坏死的医源性因素之一;过多的X线照射,给病人和医生都带来伤害。 Most are now in clinical underwent open reduction and internal fixation, splitting, muscle fascia tissue to reveal the drilling location; successful surgery in order to accurately set nails, often requires repeated drilling, perspective, to achieve the proper position, too multi-bore in the destruction of the blood supply to the femoral neck, and the resulting loss of bone mass, reduced fracture fixation fastness, is caused by one of nonunion and femoral head necrosis iatrogenic factors; excessive X-ray irradiation , to bring harm to both patients and doctors. 要达到一次性准确置钉,目前只有通过计算机导航辅助才能够达到,国内只有极少数医院配备,无法普及。 To achieve a one-time accurate pedicle screw, only to be able to reach through the computer navigation aids, there were only a handful of hospitals equipped, can not be universal. 要快速准确置钉,切开置钉已是较困难,闭合置钉则更困难。 To quickly and accurately set screws, pedicle screws have been cut is difficult, even more difficult pedicle screw closure. 目前国内外也有许多简单的骨骼固定装置,临床效果欠佳。 At home and abroad there are many simple skeletal fixation device, poor clinical results.

[0009] 例2:对于经皮肤骶髂关节脱位螺钉固定术,因为骶骨可容纳螺钉的区域小,周围有重要的神经、血管等组织,更要求置入螺钉的准确性,往往需要在导航或CT下操作,徒手操作较为困难,若有一个可固定的导向器,可以增加手术的准确性,缩短手术时间,减少X线照射次数。 [0009] Example 2: For screw dislocation transdermal sacroiliac joint fixation, because the sacral area can accommodate small screws, important nerves, blood vessels and other tissues surrounding the screw placement accuracy required more often required in the navigation or CT operating, hand operation more difficult, if a fixed guide, can increase the accuracy of the operation, shorten the operation time, reducing the number of X-ray irradiation.

[0010] 而且,在跟骨的距骨粉碎性骨折后,慢性后遗症疼痛是最普遍的后遗症。 [0010] Further, in the talus fractures of the calcaneus, sequelae of chronic pain is the most common sequela. 这一问题可有多种原因:骨筋膜室综合症,反射交感神经性营养不良,足底筋膜综合症,跗骨(tarsal)和腓骨小管综合症,以及距骨下关节炎。 This problem can be a variety of reasons: compartment syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy lower, plantar fascia syndrome, tarsus (tarsal) tunnel syndrome and fibula, and the talus arthritis. 已经发现后一原因是当前对这些骨折的治疗的不良长期结果的主要原因。 It has been found after a reason for this is the main reason for poor long-term results of current treatment of these fractures.

[0011] 8-10%的跑管综合症(tarsal tunnel syndrome),特别是侧面的足底筋膜综合症,以及78%的腓骨神经卡压综合症(peroneal nerve entrapment)(外踝下疼痛),是由于距骨骨折造成的。 [0011] 8-10% ran tunnel syndrome (tarsal tunnel syndrome), especially the side of the plantar fascia syndrome, and 78% of peroneal nerve entrapment syndromes (peroneal nerve entrapment) (pain at lateral malleolus), It is due to the talus fracture caused. 在70%这些严重骨折中,存在由后面的距骨下关节引起的慢性疼痛,其通常在伤后逐渐愈合。 In 70% of these severe fractures there is chronic pain caused by the latter talar joint, which is generally healed after injury.

[0012] 虽然,最近的出版物支持切开复位术和跟骨骨折的内部固定的结果,但是,整形外科的处理依然有很多拥护者。 [0012] Although recent publications support open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures result, however, orthopedic treatment still has many supporters. 在其他的情况下,选择采用最初的保守方法,如果出现后遗症则对其进行处理。 In other cases, initial selection using a conservative approach, the sequelae if it is processed. 同伯纳德(8犯11犯'(1)和奥德伽德(0(16职!'(1) 一样,我们认为距骨下关节的完全修复是不可能的。 With Bernard (8 guilty of committing 11 '(1) and Odd Jiade (0 (16 job!' (1), we believe that full restoration of the subtalar joint is impossible.

[0013] 已经公开了多种关节固定术技术,用于外伤后距骨下关节炎的治疗,包括关节置换术。 [0013] have been disclosed various techniques arthrodesis, talus after traumatic for the treatment of arthritis, including joint replacement surgery. 在其他情况下,在距骨下独立融合的基础上提倡三关节固定术,以便提高脚的生物力,并防止相邻关节的退化。 In other cases, advocates basis subtalar fusion of the three independent arthrodesis, in order to improve foot biomechanics and to prevent degeneration of adjacent joints. 根据对各医院的不同处理的回顾,即使在术后多年后,距骨下关节独立的固定术也不会造成相邻关节的退化。 According to a review of the different treatment of the hospitals, even in the years after surgery, joint independent fixation subtalar joint does not cause degeneration of adjacent.

[0014] 该经验引起大家相信,对于目前还未解决的骨折,斯图兹(义!!。)和诺贝尔(^16)的旧的假设可能对尚未解决的骨折提供了解决办法。 [0014] This experience caused us to believe that, for the fracture has not yet been resolved, Stutz (meaning !!.) And Nobel (^ 16) of the old assumptions may provide a solution to fracture unresolved. 由于在很多严重的骨折情况中,距骨下关节不能以外科手术方式重建,并且通常会退化,解决办法将是短期内立即采取关节固定术,以便防止在之后的发展中出现残废的后遗症。 Since in many cases severe fracture, talus joint can not be surgically reconstructed, and often degenerate, the solution will be immediately taken to arthrodesis in the short term, in order to prevent disability after developing complications.

[0015] 但是除融合损坏的关节外,应当尽可能地尝试重建后足仏化壯000的形式,以便避免其他相关的并发症,例如骨筋膜室综合症,反射交感神经性营养不良,足底筋膜综合症,跗骨和腓骨小管综合症,从骨折复位方面考虑,这样是明显有利的。 After [0015] However, in addition to the damaged joint fusion, reconstruction should try as much as possible strong enough Fo form 000, in order to avoid other associated complications such as compartment syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, foot a bottom compartment syndrome, fibula and tarsal tunnel syndrome, from the viewpoint of fracture, so is obviously advantageous.

[0016] 公开号为£3 2164543的西班牙专利公开了一种钉0^11),其通过两个螺钉来固定。 [0016] Publication No. £ 3 2164543 Spanish patent discloses a staple 11 ^ 0), which is fixed by two screws. 因为该钉成直角的楔入几何形状,在该钉插入骨头时存在一些问题,并且存在阻力问题,这是由于其在末梢位置具有很小的截面,这也同样限制螺钉底部的固定。 Since the wedge geometry of the staple into a right angle, there are some problems when the nail is inserted into the bone, and there is the problem of resistance, which is due to its small cross-section at the distal position, which also limits the bottom fixing screw.

[0017] 因此,在骨折组合推压固定方向上,急需一种最大限度减少手术对患者的创伤,减少对骨组织的破坏,并缩短手术后康复时间的骨折组合推压固定装置。 [0017] Thus, the composition is pressed in a fixed direction fractures, need for a procedure to minimize trauma to the patient and reduce damage to the bone tissue, and to shorten recovery time after fracture surgery compositions pressing fixing means.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0018] 本发明目的是针对骨折固定相关技术领域的现有技术的不足,在大量现有文献和本发明人长期实践的基础上,通过对基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器中的两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架等结构和连接关系的独特设计,克服了现有技术无法有效智能控制对骨折固定装置缩胀、无法精确稳定以及精确可调节的定角度控制骨骼固定位置、操作复杂,不易拆卸、成本高、对骨折手术后恢复周期慢等难题,实现了能够对骨科损伤进行弹性、智能、精确、可调节固定,以及具有创伤小、手术时间短、术后恢复快、操作简单方便等有益效果。 [0018] The object of the present invention is directed to deficiencies of the prior art fracture fixation related art, on the basis of the existing literature and a large number of long-term practice of the present invention on the basis of the swell and shrink by meditation sleeve-type push fracture angle bracket combination both ends of the pressure holder is a blunt end of the tubular body, the upper bracket and a lower pressure side pressure stents configurations and connection relationship of the unique design of the prior art can not effectively overcome the intelligent control of the swell and shrink fracture fixation means, not precise and stable and accurate adjustable predetermined angle control bone fixing position, complicated operation, easily disassembled, high cost, after fracture surgery recovery period slow problems, to achieve a possible orthopedic injury resilient, intelligent, precise, adjustable fixed, and with less trauma, shorter operative time, rapid postoperative recovery, simple operation and other beneficial effects.

[0019] 为实现上述目的,本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0019] To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0020] 本发明的一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器,所述基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器包括两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架;其特征在于, [0020] A present invention is based on the swell and shrink sleeve type bracket meditation angle pressed holder combination, based on the swell and shrink tube sheath type fracture meditation Angle bracket holder comprises a combination of pushing both ends of the blunt end , the upper bracket and a lower pressure side pressure holder; wherein,

[0021] 所述两端为钝端的管体内置有多个钛质柔性固定圆环体,在每个钛质柔性固定圆环体内侧面的中间部位的圆周上等距离设有3! [0021] The both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body is built with a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, provided equidistantly on the circumference of the intermediate portion 3 of the body side surface of each titanium flexible mounting ring! ! 个方形骨折定位固定孔,其中!1为› 2的自然数;每个所述方形骨折定位固定孔内栓设有0型固定橡胶管,其中,所述0型固定橡胶管包括两个纵向管和一个横向管,所述横向管的两端分别连接在两个纵向管的中间部分,所述横向管固设在所述方形骨折定位固定孔内,所述两个纵向管和一个横向管内均设有一段长条形受力强度感应芯片条;所述长条形受力强度感应芯片条包括受力数据采集单元、数据存储单元、数据转换单元、数据发送单元、数据接收单元; Positioning a square fracture fixation hole, wherein 1> natural number;! Positioning each of said rectangular fracture fixation pin hole has a rubber 0-type fixed tube, wherein the tube comprises a rubber 0-type fixed two longitudinal tubes and a lateral pipe, the lateral pipe ends are connected to an intermediate portion of two longitudinal tubes, the transverse tube is fixed in the fixing hole positioning square fracture, said two longitudinal tubes are located and a transverse tube some elongated strip sTRENGTH sensor chip; sTRENGTH said elongate bar comprising a force sensor chip data acquisition unit, a data storage unit, the data conversion unit, a data transmission unit, a data receiving unit;

[0022] 所述上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架分别置于所述两端为钝端的管体内部的上端和下端; [0022] pressing the upper bracket and the lower bracket are respectively disposed in the pressure of the upper and lower ends of the blunt end of the inner tube;

[0023] 所述上侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板、多个定角式导向机构、多个感应推压部件;所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述定角式导向机构依次连接,所述感应推压部件的下端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板上表面;其中,所述定角式导向机构包括双层调节支撑钛合金杆、直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、三组钴合金传感芯片;所述三组钴合金传感芯片呈等腰三角形分布固设于所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第一销槽,每段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第二销槽,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面, [0023] The upper bracket includes a multistage pressurization type swell and shrink under pressure a flexible curved plate, a plurality of fixed angle type guide means, a plurality of induction urging member; swell and shrink the flexible board type curved lower pressure a polymer braid material and the thermoplastic polyester elastomer composite made; the multistage compression type expansion under pressure in turn connected by an arcuate angle of the fixed-type guide means between the flexible plate, the pressing member induction fixed to the lower end corresponding to the swell and shrink type multistage lower arcuate surface of the flexible pressure plate; wherein said guide means comprises a fixed-angle type titanium double adjustable support rod, a multi-step change in the diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, three sensor chip cobalt alloy; the three sets of cobalt alloys isosceles triangle distributed sensor chip is fixed between the supporting rod bilayer adjusting alloy; said titanium double-adjustable support rod are located on both sides a first pin slot, each arcuate swell and shrink type at both sides of the pressure of the flexible plate provided with a second pin groove, the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the respective pin different cross-section of a multi-step ladder type titanium alloy pin diameter changes, 其中,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η+2阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +2阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔一阶梯的横截面;所述感应推压部件包括感应数据接收感应芯片、感应开关、三个圆柱形推压蜗杆,所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆呈等腰三角形分布,所述感应开关通过所述感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆进行推压运动; Wherein the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the second pin [eta] of the stepped cross-section of a multi-step change in the diameter of titanium alloy and the pin 2 η + a stepped cross-section, wherein [eta] of the stepped cross-section of any cross section of a stepped cross-section of η +2 step is [eta] of the cross section of the cross-section of a step ladder spacer; and the sensing member comprises a pressing sensing data receiving sensor chip, sensor switch, three cylindrical pressing worm, the worm is pressed three cylindrical isosceles triangle profile, said sensing switch sensing data received by the sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits information data in real time controlling the three cylindrical worm for pressing the pressing motion;

[0024] 所述下侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构、多个另一感应推压部件;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚氨酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述另一定角式导向机构依次连接,所述另一感应推压部件的上端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板下表面;其中,所述另一定角式导向机构包括另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆、另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、另一三组钴合金传感芯片;所述另一三组钴合金传感芯片呈等边三角形分布固设于所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第三销槽,每段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第四销槽,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述另 [0024] the lower bracket includes a multistage pressurization type on swell and shrink arcuate pressing the flexible plate, the other plurality of angles type guide means, a plurality of further inductive urging member; the swell and shrink type arcuate plus the flexible pressure plate and a composite of the thermoplastic elastomer knitted material made of polyurethane polymer; swelling the multistage compression type sequentially connected by an arcuate pressing said another certain angle type guide means between the flexible plate, the other induction upper pressing member is fixed to said corresponding type multistage swell and shrink under pressure on the arcuate surface of the flexible plate; wherein said guide means further comprises an angular formula another adjustable support titanium double lever, the other multi-step change in diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, cobalt alloy, another three sensor chip; the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy distributed equilateral triangle fixed to the other double lever titanium adjustable support between; the other sides titanium double adjustable support rods each provided with a third pin grooves, each arcuate swell and shrink type pressing both sides of the flexible plate is provided with a fourth pin grooves, said first shape and size of three and the fourth pin grooves respectively correspond to the pin grooves of the other 一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面,其中,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η +3阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +3阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔两阶梯的横截面;所述另一感应推压部件包括另一感应数据接收感应芯片、另一感应开关、三个方形推压蜗杆,所述三个方形推压蜗杆呈等边三角形分布,所述另一感应开关通过所述另一感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个方形推压蜗杆进行推压运动。 A varying cross-sectional diameter different from the step of a multi-step pin titanium alloy, wherein the shape and size of said third pin and said fourth pin slot grooves respectively correspond to the multi-step type titanium alloy pins of varying diameter cross-section of the cross-section of [eta] and η +3 step ladder, the cross-section wherein the step of [eta] is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the first compartment η +3 stepped cross-section of the first step of the [eta] two stepped cross-section; said further sensing means comprises a further pushing sensing data receiving sensor chip, the other sensor switch, the worm is pressed three squares, three squares urging the worm equilateral triangular distribution, the real-time information of said data through another of said further sensing switch sensing data receiving sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits the control performed three squares pressing push motion of the worm.

[0025] 其中,所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的上凸出部与所述感应推压部件的下端固定连接,所述多个定角式导向机构为3 η个,其中η为> 2的自然数。 [0025] wherein a lower end fixedly connected to the swell and shrink type lower arcuate upper flexible sheet pressing protrusion pressing the sensing member, said plurality of guide means for the fixed angle of formula 3 η a, wherein [eta] is> natural number.

[0026] 其中,所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的下凸出部与所述另一感应推压部件的上端固定连接,所述多个另一定角式导向机构为3 ! [0026] wherein the swell and shrink under pressure type arcuate projecting portion of the flexible plate pushes the upper end of another sensing the pressure member is fixedly connected to the other of said plurality of guide means is an angular type 3! ! 个,其中! , Among them! ! 为›3的自然数。 Is> natural number 3.

[0027] 有益效果:本发明在多个钛质柔性固定圆环体、多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构等独特设计,有效实现了缩胀型、套入式、定角式、组合推压式等智能可调节效果;此外,实施弹性固定,与传统的刚性固定相比较,还具有以下优点: [0027] Advantageous Effects: In the present invention, a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, swell and shrink type multistage arcuate pressing the flexible board, a plurality of the other guide mechanism or the like must Angle unique design, the effective realization of the swell and shrink type, slip-on, fixed angle type, composition and other smart-push effect can be adjusted; in addition, elastic fixing embodiment, compared with the conventional rigid fixation, has the following advantages:

[0028] 1、创伤小,对软组织损伤小; [0028] 1, less trauma, less soft tissue damage;

[0029] 2、手术时间短,能够减轻麻醉对患者的影响; [0029] 2, the operation time is short, it can be reduced the influence of anesthesia on the patient;

[0030] 3、患者术后恢复时间短,愈合顺利,减轻患者及社会的医疗负担; [0030] 3, postoperative recovery time is short, smooth healing, reduce the burden on patients and the medical community;

[0031] 4、该装置操作简便,便于在基层医院推广。 [0031] 4, the apparatus is simple, facilitates primary hospitals.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0032] 下面结合具体实施方式,进一步阐述本发明。 [0032] Next, with reference to specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention.

[0033] 实施例1: [0033] Example 1:

[0034] 一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器,所述基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折组合推压固定器包括两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架;其特征在于, [0034] Based on the swell and shrink sleeve type bracket meditation Angle fracture fixation device combination is pressed, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve meditation Angle fractures composition comprises a pressed and fixed to both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body, the upper side pressing bracket and a lower bracket pressure; characterized in that,

[0035] 所述两端为钝端的管体内置有多个钛质柔性固定圆环体,在每个钛质柔性固定圆环体内侧面的中间部位的圆周上等距离设有3! [0035] The both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body is built with a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, provided equidistantly on the circumference of the intermediate portion 3 of the body side surface of each titanium flexible mounting ring! ! 个方形骨折定位固定孔,其中!1为› 2的自然数;每个所述方形骨折定位固定孔内栓设有0型固定橡胶管,其中,所述0型固定橡胶管包括两个纵向管和一个横向管,所述横向管的两端分别连接在两个纵向管的中间部分,所述横向管固设在所述方形骨折定位固定孔内,所述两个纵向管和一个横向管内均设有一段长条形受力强度感应芯片条;所述长条形受力强度感应芯片条包括受力数据采集单元、数据存储单元、数据转换单元、数据发送单元、数据接收单元; Positioning a square fracture fixation hole, wherein 1> natural number;! Positioning each of said rectangular fracture fixation pin hole has a rubber 0-type fixed tube, wherein the tube comprises a rubber 0-type fixed two longitudinal tubes and a lateral pipe, the lateral pipe ends are connected to an intermediate portion of two longitudinal tubes, the transverse tube is fixed in the fixing hole positioning square fracture, said two longitudinal tubes are located and a transverse tube some elongated strip sTRENGTH sensor chip; sTRENGTH said elongate bar comprising a force sensor chip data acquisition unit, a data storage unit, the data conversion unit, a data transmission unit, a data receiving unit;

[0036] 所述上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架分别置于所述两端为钝端的管体内部的上端和下端; [0036] pressing the upper bracket and the lower bracket are respectively disposed in the pressure of the upper and lower ends of the blunt end of the inner tube;

[0037] 所述上侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板、多个定角式导向机构、多个感应推压部件;所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述定角式导向机构依次连接,所述感应推压部件的下端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板上表面;其中,所述定角式导向机构包括双层调节支撑钛合金杆、直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、三组钴合金传感芯片;所述三组钴合金传感芯片呈等腰三角形分布固设于所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第一销槽,每段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第二销槽,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面, [0037] The upper bracket includes a multistage pressurization type swell and shrink under pressure a flexible curved plate, a plurality of fixed angle type guide means, a plurality of induction urging member; swell and shrink the flexible board type curved lower pressure a polymer braid material and the thermoplastic polyester elastomer composite made; the multistage compression type expansion under pressure in turn connected by an arcuate angle of the fixed-type guide means between the flexible plate, the pressing member induction fixed to the lower end corresponding to the swell and shrink type multistage lower arcuate surface of the flexible pressure plate; wherein said guide means comprises a fixed-angle type titanium double adjustable support rod, a multi-step change in the diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, three sensor chip cobalt alloy; the three sets of cobalt alloys isosceles triangle distributed sensor chip is fixed between the supporting rod bilayer adjusting alloy; said titanium double-adjustable support rod are located on both sides a first pin slot, each arcuate swell and shrink type at both sides of the pressure of the flexible plate provided with a second pin groove, the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the respective pin different cross-section of a multi-step ladder type titanium alloy pin diameter changes, 其中,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第11阶梯的横截面和第11+2阶梯的横截面,其中第11阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第11 +2阶梯的横截面为与所述第11阶梯的横截面隔一阶梯的横截面;所述感应推压部件包括感应数据接收感应芯片、感应开关、三个圆柱形推压蜗杆,所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆呈等腰三角形分布,所述感应开关通过所述感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆进行推压运动; Wherein the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the first pin 11 and the cross-section of a stepped cross-section of 11 + 2 step change in the diameter of the multi-pin ladder-type titanium alloy, wherein 11 a cross-section of the step is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the step is 11 + 2 with a stepped cross section of the second compartment 11 a stepped cross-section; the sensing member comprises a pressing sensing data receiving sensor chip, sensor switch, three cylindrical pressing worm, the worm is pressed three cylindrical isosceles triangle profile, said sensing switch sensing data received by the sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits information data in real time controlling the three cylindrical worm for pressing the pressing motion;

[0038] 所述下侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构、多个另一感应推压部件;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚氨酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述另一定角式导向机构依次连接,所述另一感应推压部件的上端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板下表面;其中,所述另一定角式导向机构包括另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆、另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、另一三组钴合金传感芯片;所述另一三组钴合金传感芯片呈等边三角形分布固设于所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第三销槽,每段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第四销槽,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述另 [0038] the lower bracket includes a multistage pressurization type on swell and shrink arcuate pressing the flexible plate, the other plurality of angles type guide means, a plurality of further inductive urging member; the swell and shrink type arcuate plus the flexible pressure plate and a composite of the thermoplastic elastomer knitted material made of polyurethane polymer; swelling the multistage compression type sequentially connected by an arcuate pressing said another certain angle type guide means between the flexible plate, the other induction upper pressing member is fixed to said corresponding type multistage swell and shrink under pressure on the arcuate surface of the flexible plate; wherein said guide means further comprises an angular formula another adjustable support titanium double lever, the other multi-step change in diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, cobalt alloy, another three sensor chip; the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy distributed equilateral triangle fixed to the other double lever titanium adjustable support between; the other sides titanium double adjustable support rods each provided with a third pin grooves, each arcuate swell and shrink type pressing both sides of the flexible plate is provided with a fourth pin grooves, said first shape and size of three and the fourth pin grooves respectively correspond to the pin grooves of the other 一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面,其中,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η +3阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +3阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔两阶梯的横截面;所述另一感应推压部件包括另一感应数据接收感应芯片、另一感应开关、三个方形推压蜗杆,所述三个方形推压蜗杆呈等边三角形分布,所述另一感应开关通过所述另一感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个方形推压蜗杆进行推压运动。 A varying cross-sectional diameter different from the step of a multi-step pin titanium alloy, wherein the shape and size of said third pin and said fourth pin slot grooves respectively correspond to the multi-step type titanium alloy pins of varying diameter cross-section of the cross-section of [eta] and η +3 step ladder, the cross-section wherein the step of [eta] is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the first compartment η +3 stepped cross-section of the first step of the [eta] two stepped cross-section; said further sensing means comprises a further pushing sensing data receiving sensor chip, the other sensor switch, the worm is pressed three squares, three squares urging the worm equilateral triangular distribution, the real-time information of said data through another of said further sensing switch sensing data receiving sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits the control performed three squares pressing push motion of the worm.

[0039] 实施例2: [0039] Example 2:

[0040] 一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器,所述基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折组合推压固定器包括两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架;其特征在于, [0040] Based on the swell and shrink sleeve type bracket meditation Angle fracture fixation device combination is pressed, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve meditation Angle fractures composition comprises a pressed and fixed to both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body, the upper side pressing bracket and a lower bracket pressure; characterized in that,

[0041] 所述两端为钝端的管体内置有多个钛质柔性固定圆环体,在每个钛质柔性固定圆环体内侧面的中间部位的圆周上等距离设有3η个方形骨折定位固定孔,其中η为>2的自然数;每个所述方形骨折定位固定孔内栓设有H型固定橡胶管,其中,所述H型固定橡胶管包括两个纵向管和一个横向管,所述横向管的两端分别连接在两个纵向管的中间部分,所述横向管固设在所述方形骨折定位固定孔内,所述两个纵向管和一个横向管内均设有一段长条形受力强度感应芯片条;所述长条形受力强度感应芯片条包括受力数据采集单元、数据存储单元、数据转换单元、数据发送单元、数据接收单元; [0041] The both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body is built with a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, provided with equidistant 3η squares fracture positioned in the circumferential intermediate portion of the body side surface of each titanium flexible mounting ring fixing holes, where η is a> natural number; each of said rectangular fracture positioning pin fixing hole H is provided with a rubber tube type fixed, wherein said H-type rubber tube fixing pipe comprises two longitudinal and one transverse pipe, the lateral ends of said tube are connected to an intermediate portion of two longitudinal tubes, the transverse tube is fixed in the fixing hole positioning square fracture, said two longitudinal tubes and the transverse tubes are provided with a section elongated sTRENGTH strip sensor chip; sTRENGTH said elongate strip comprises a force sensor chip data acquisition unit, a data storage unit, the data conversion unit, a data transmitting unit, a receiving unit receiving data;

[0042] 所述上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架分别置于所述两端为钝端的管体内部的上端和下端; [0042] pressing the upper bracket and the lower bracket are respectively disposed in the pressure of the upper and lower ends of the blunt end of the inner tube;

[0043] 所述上侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板、多个定角式导向机构、多个感应推压部件;所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述定角式导向机构依次连接,所述感应推压部件的下端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板上表面;其中,所述定角式导向机构包括双层调节支撑钛合金杆、直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、三组钴合金传感芯片;所述三组钴合金传感芯片呈等腰三角形分布固设于所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第一销槽,每段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第二销槽,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面, [0043] The upper bracket includes a multistage pressurization type swell and shrink under pressure a flexible curved plate, a plurality of fixed angle type guide means, a plurality of induction urging member; swell and shrink the flexible board type curved lower pressure a polymer braid material and the thermoplastic polyester elastomer composite made; the multistage compression type expansion under pressure in turn connected by an arcuate angle of the fixed-type guide means between the flexible plate, the pressing member induction fixed to the lower end corresponding to the swell and shrink type multistage lower arcuate surface of the flexible pressure plate; wherein said guide means comprises a fixed-angle type titanium double adjustable support rod, a multi-step change in the diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, three sensor chip cobalt alloy; the three sets of cobalt alloys isosceles triangle distributed sensor chip is fixed between the supporting rod bilayer adjusting alloy; said titanium double-adjustable support rod are located on both sides a first pin slot, each arcuate swell and shrink type at both sides of the pressure of the flexible plate provided with a second pin groove, the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the respective pin different cross-section of a multi-step ladder type titanium alloy pin diameter changes, 其中,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η+2阶梯的横截面,其中第11阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第11 +2阶梯的横截面为与所述第11阶梯的横截面隔一阶梯的横截面;所述感应推压部件包括感应数据接收感应芯片、感应开关、三个圆柱形推压蜗杆,所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆呈等腰三角形分布,所述感应开关通过所述感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆进行推压运动; Wherein the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the second pin [eta] of the stepped cross-section of a multi-step change in the diameter of titanium alloy and the pin 2 η + a stepped cross-section, wherein 11 a cross-section of the step is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the step is 11 + 2 with a stepped cross section of the second compartment 11 a stepped cross-section; the sensing member comprises a pressing sensing data receiving sensor chip, sensor switch, three cylindrical pressing worm, the worm is pressed three cylindrical isosceles triangle profile, said sensing switch sensing data received by the sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits information data in real time controlling the three cylindrical worm for pressing the pressing motion;

[0044] 所述下侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构、多个另一感应推压部件;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚氨酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述另一定角式导向机构依次连接,所述另一感应推压部件的上端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板下表面;其中,所述另一定角式导向机构包括另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆、另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、另一三组钴合金传感芯片;所述另一三组钴合金传感芯片呈等边三角形分布固设于所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第三销槽,每段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第四销槽,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述另 [0044] the lower bracket includes a multistage pressurization type on swell and shrink arcuate pressing the flexible plate, the other plurality of angles type guide means, a plurality of further inductive urging member; the swell and shrink type arcuate plus the flexible pressure plate and a composite of the thermoplastic elastomer knitted material made of polyurethane polymer; swelling the multistage compression type sequentially connected by an arcuate pressing said another certain angle type guide means between the flexible plate, the other induction upper pressing member is fixed to said corresponding type multistage swell and shrink under pressure on the arcuate surface of the flexible plate; wherein said guide means further comprises an angular formula another adjustable support titanium double lever, the other multi-step change in diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, cobalt alloy, another three sensor chip; the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy distributed equilateral triangle fixed to the other double lever titanium adjustable support between; the other sides titanium double adjustable support rods each provided with a third pin grooves, each arcuate swell and shrink type pressing both sides of the flexible plate is provided with a fourth pin grooves, said first shape and size of three and the fourth pin grooves respectively correspond to the pin grooves of the other 一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面,其中,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第11阶梯的横截面和第11 +3阶梯的横截面,其中第11阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第11 +3阶梯的横截面为与所述第11阶梯的横截面隔两阶梯的横截面;所述另一感应推压部件包括另一感应数据接收感应芯片、另一感应开关、三个方形推压蜗杆,所述三个方形推压蜗杆呈等边三角形分布,所述另一感应开关通过所述另一感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个方形推压蜗杆进行推压运动;其中,所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的上凸出部与所述感应推压部件的下端固定连接,所述多个定角式导向机构为3 II个,其中II为› 2的自然数。 A varying cross-sectional diameter different from the step of a multi-step pin titanium alloy, wherein the shape and size of said third pin and said fourth pin slot grooves respectively correspond to the multi-step type titanium alloy pins of varying diameter cross-section of the cross-section of the step 11 and step 11 of +3, wherein the cross section of the step 11 is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the step 11 is +3 and cross section of the first compartment 11 of the step two stepped cross-section; said further sensing means comprises a further pushing sensing data receiving sensor chip, the other sensor switch, the worm is pressed three squares, three squares urging the worm equilateral triangular distribution, the said another sensing switch receives the above information through the data transmitting unit transmits real-time control of the three squares for urging the worm is pressed further motion sensing data receiving sensor chip; wherein the swell and shrink type lower curved added pressing the projecting portion of the flexible plate and the lower end of the sensing member is fixedly connected to the pressing, a plurality of fixed angle of formula II. 3 is a guide means, wherein II is> natural number.

[0045] 实施例3: [0045] Example 3:

[0046] —种基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折支架组合推压固定器,所述基于缩胀型的套入定角式骨折组合推压固定器包括两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架;其特征在于, [0046] - species meditation Angle bracket assembly is pressed fracture fixation device, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve meditation Angle fracture fixation composition comprises pressing both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve side pressing bracket and a lower bracket pressure; characterized in that,

[0047] 所述两端为钝端的管体内置有多个钛质柔性固定圆环体,在每个钛质柔性固定圆环体内侧面的中间部位的圆周上等距离设有3! [0047] The both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body is built with a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, provided equidistantly on the circumference of the intermediate portion 3 of the body side surface of each titanium flexible mounting ring! ! 个方形骨折定位固定孔,其中!1为› 2的自然数;每个所述方形骨折定位固定孔内栓设有0型固定橡胶管,其中,所述0型固定橡胶管包括两个纵向管和一个横向管,所述横向管的两端分别连接在两个纵向管的中间部分,所述横向管固设在所述方形骨折定位固定孔内,所述两个纵向管和一个横向管内均设有一段长条形受力强度感应芯片条;所述长条形受力强度感应芯片条包括受力数据采集单元、数据存储单元、数据转换单元、数据发送单元、数据接收单元; Positioning a square fracture fixation hole, wherein 1> natural number;! Positioning each of said rectangular fracture fixation pin hole has a rubber 0-type fixed tube, wherein the tube comprises a rubber 0-type fixed two longitudinal tubes and a lateral pipe, the lateral pipe ends are connected to an intermediate portion of two longitudinal tubes, the transverse tube is fixed in the fixing hole positioning square fracture, said two longitudinal tubes are located and a transverse tube some elongated strip sTRENGTH sensor chip; sTRENGTH said elongate bar comprising a force sensor chip data acquisition unit, a data storage unit, the data conversion unit, a data transmission unit, a data receiving unit;

[0048] 所述上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架分别置于所述两端为钝端的管体内部的上端和下端; [0048] pressing the upper bracket and the lower bracket are respectively disposed in the pressure of the upper and lower ends of the blunt end of the inner tube;

[0049] 所述上侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板、多个定角式导向机构、多个感应推压部件;所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述定角式导向机构依次连接,所述感应推压部件的下端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板上表面;其中,所述定角式导向机构包括双层调节支撑钛合金杆、直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、三组钴合金传感芯片;所述三组钴合金传感芯片呈等腰三角形分布固设于所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第一销槽,每段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第二销槽,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面, [0049] The upper bracket includes a multistage pressurization type swell and shrink under pressure a flexible curved plate, a plurality of fixed angle type guide means, a plurality of induction urging member; swell and shrink the flexible board type curved lower pressure a polymer braid material and the thermoplastic polyester elastomer composite made; the multistage compression type expansion under pressure in turn connected by an arcuate angle of the fixed-type guide means between the flexible plate, the pressing member induction fixed to the lower end corresponding to the swell and shrink type multistage lower arcuate surface of the flexible pressure plate; wherein said guide means comprises a fixed-angle type titanium double adjustable support rod, a multi-step change in the diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, three sensor chip cobalt alloy; the three sets of cobalt alloys isosceles triangle distributed sensor chip is fixed between the supporting rod bilayer adjusting alloy; said titanium double-adjustable support rod are located on both sides a first pin slot, each arcuate swell and shrink type at both sides of the pressure of the flexible plate provided with a second pin groove, the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the respective pin different cross-section of a multi-step ladder type titanium alloy pin diameter changes, 其中,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η+2阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +2阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔一阶梯的横截面;所述感应推压部件包括感应数据接收感应芯片、感应开关、三个圆柱形推压蜗杆,所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆呈等腰三角形分布,所述感应开关通过所述感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆进行推压运动; Wherein the shape and size of the first pin groove and the second groove correspond to the second pin [eta] of the stepped cross-section of a multi-step change in the diameter of titanium alloy and the pin 2 η + a stepped cross-section, wherein [eta] of the stepped cross-section of any cross section of a stepped cross-section of η +2 step is [eta] of the cross section of the cross-section of a step ladder spacer; and the sensing member comprises a pressing sensing data receiving sensor chip, sensor switch, three cylindrical pressing worm, the worm is pressed three cylindrical isosceles triangle profile, said sensing switch sensing data received by the sensor chip receives the data transmission unit transmits information data in real time controlling the three cylindrical worm for pressing the pressing motion;

[0050] 所述下侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构、多个另一感应推压部件;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚氨酯材料的编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述另一定角式导向机构依次连接,所述另一感应推压部件的上端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板下表面;其中,所述另一定角式导向机构包括另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆、另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、另一三组钴合金传感芯片;所述另一三组钴合金传感芯片呈等边三角形分布固设于所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第三销槽,每段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第四销槽,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述另 [0050] the lower bracket includes a multistage pressurization type on swell and shrink arcuate pressing the flexible plate, the other plurality of angles type guide means, a plurality of further inductive urging member; the swell and shrink type arcuate plus the flexible pressure plate and a composite of the thermoplastic elastomer knitted material made of polyurethane polymer; swelling the multistage compression type sequentially connected by an arcuate pressing said another certain angle type guide means between the flexible plate, the other induction upper pressing member is fixed to said corresponding type multistage swell and shrink under pressure on the arcuate surface of the flexible plate; wherein said guide means further comprises an angular formula another adjustable support titanium double lever, the other multi-step change in diameter of the pin-type titanium alloy, cobalt alloy, another three sensor chip; the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy distributed equilateral triangle fixed to the other double lever titanium adjustable support between; the other sides titanium double adjustable support rods each provided with a third pin grooves, each arcuate swell and shrink type pressing both sides of the flexible plate is provided with a fourth pin grooves, said first shape and size of three and the fourth pin grooves respectively correspond to the pin grooves of the other 一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面,其中,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η +3阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +3阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔两阶梯的横截面;所述另一感应推压部件包括另一感应数据接收感应芯片、另一感应开关、三个方形推压蜗杆,所述三个方形推压蜗杆呈等边三角形分布,所述另一感应开关通过所述另一感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个方形推压蜗杆进行推压运动;其中,所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的上凸出部与所述感应推压部件的下端固定连接,所述多个定角式导向机构为3 η个,其中η为> 2的自然数;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性 A varying cross-sectional diameter different from the step of a multi-step pin titanium alloy, wherein the shape and size of said third pin and said fourth pin slot grooves respectively correspond to the multi-step type titanium alloy pins of varying diameter cross-section of the cross-section of [eta] and η +3 step ladder, the cross-section wherein the step of [eta] is a step of any cross section, the cross section of the first compartment η +3 stepped cross-section of the first step of the [eta] two stepped cross-section; said further sensing means comprises a further pushing sensing data receiving sensor chip, the other sensor switch, the worm is pressed three squares, three squares urging the worm equilateral triangular distribution, the said another sensing switch receives the above information through the data transmitting unit transmits real-time control of the three squares for urging the worm is pressed further motion sensing data receiving sensor chip; wherein the swell and shrink type lower curved added pressing the projecting portion of the flexible plate is fixedly connected with the lower end of the sensing member is pushed, the plurality of guide means for the fixed angle of formula 3 η, of which is [eta]> 2 is a natural number; the swell and shrink type arcuate flexible pressure 板的下凸出部与所述另一感应推压部件的上端固定连接,所述多个另一定角式导向机构为3 η个,其中η为> 3的自然数。 Lower projecting portion of the plate and another sensing the pressing member is fixedly connected to the upper end, a plurality of other guide means to a certain angle of Formula 3 a [eta], where [eta] is a> a natural number of 3.

[0051 ] 其中,该装置已小范围应用,效果良好,准备广泛推广应用。 [0051] wherein the device has a small range of applications, good results, preparation widely used.

[0052] 本发明并不局限于上述特定实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质情况下,本领域的普通技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应改变和变形。 [0052] The present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention. 这些相应改变和变形都应属于本发明所附权利要求的保护范围之内。 These corresponding changes and modifications shall fall within the scope of the invention as claimed in the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1.一种基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器,所述基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器包括两端为钝端的管体、上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架;其特征在于, 所述两端为钝端的管体内置有多个钛质柔性固定圆环体,在每个钛质柔性固定圆环体内侧面的中间部位的圆周上等距离设有3η个方形骨折定位固定孔,其中η为> 2的自然数;每个所述方形骨折定位固定孔内栓设有H型固定橡胶管,其中,所述H型固定橡胶管包括两个纵向管和一个横向管,所述横向管的两端分别连接在两个纵向管的中间部分,所述横向管固设在所述方形骨折定位固定孔内,所述两个纵向管和一个横向管内均设有一段长条形受力强度感应芯片条;所述长条形受力强度感应芯片条包括受力数据采集单元、数据存储单元、数据转换单元、数据发送单元、数据接收单元; An angle bracket meditation pressed and fixed based on a combination of the swell and shrink sleeve type, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve meditation angle bracket holder comprises a combination of pushing both ends of the blunt end of the tubular body, the upper side pressurizing bracket and a lower bracket pressure; characterized in that the blunt end of both ends of the tubular body is built with a plurality of flexible fixing torus titanium, an intermediate portion of the circumferential side surface of each of the titanium in the body of the flexible ring fixed 3η squares with equidistant positioning fracture fixation hole, wherein η is a> natural number; each of said rectangular fracture positioning pin fixing hole H is provided with a rubber tube type fixed, wherein said H-type rubber tube comprises two fixed a tube ends and a longitudinal horizontal tubes, the transverse tube are connected to an intermediate portion of two longitudinal tubes, the transverse tube is fixed in the positioning and fixing the fracture square hole, and one of the two longitudinal tubes the inner tube has a transverse section of the elongated strip sTRENGTH sensor chip; sTRENGTH said elongate strip comprises a force sensor chip data acquisition unit, a data storage unit, the data conversion unit, a data transmitting unit, a receiving unit receiving data; 述上侧加压支架和下侧加压支架分别置于所述两端为钝端的管体内部的上端和下端; 所述上侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板、多个定角式导向机构、多个感应推压部件;所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚酯材料编织物与热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述定角式导向机构依次连接,所述感应推压部件的下端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板上表面;其中,所述定角式导向机构包括双层调节支撑钛合金杆、直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、三组钴合金传感芯片;所述三组钴合金传感芯片呈等腰三角形分布固设于所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第一销槽,每段缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第二销槽,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形 Pressing said upper bracket and the lower bracket are respectively disposed in the pressure inside of the both ends of the tubular body of the upper and lower ends blunt ends; the upper bracket includes a multistage pressurization type swell and shrink under pressure a flexible curved plate, a plurality of fixed angle type guide means, a plurality of induction urging member; type of the swell and shrink under pressure arcuate flexible sheet of a polymer composite with a thermoplastic polyester elastomer knit together; swelling the multistage compression type lower sequentially pressing between the flexible curved plate-type guide means are connected by the fixed angle, push the lower end of the pressure sensing member is fixed to said corresponding type multistage swell and shrink the lower arcuate surface of the flexible pressure plate; wherein, said guide means comprises a fixed angle type multi-stage double-pin type titanium alloy adjustable support rod, varying diameter, three groups of sensor chip cobalt alloys; cobalt alloys of the three groups of the sensor chip is fixed distribution isosceles triangle to the titanium double adjustment between the support rod; titanium adjustable support both the double lever has a first pin slot, each arcuate swell and shrink type at both sides of the pressing plate is provided with a flexible a second pin slot, the first pin and the second pin slot-shaped groove 和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面;其中,所述第一销槽和所述第二销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面和第η +2阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +2阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔一阶梯的横截面;所述感应推压部件包括感应数据接收感应芯片、感应开关、三个圆柱形推压蜗杆,所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆呈等腰三角形分布,所述感应开关通过所述感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个圆柱形推压蜗杆进行推压运动; 所述下侧加压支架包括多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板、多个另一定角式导向机构、多个另一感应推压部件;所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板由高分子聚氨酯材料编织物与 And the cross-sectional dimensions correspond to the different step of a multi-stepped change in the alloy pin diameter; wherein the first pin groove and the shape and size of the second pin grooves respectively correspond to the multi-step change in diameter [eta] cross section of a stepped cross-section and the pin-type titanium η +2 step, wherein [eta] of the cross section of any cross-sectional step a stepped cross-section of η +2 for the second step [eta] a stepped cross-section of a stepped cross-section separated; the sensing member comprises a pressing sensing data receiving sensor chips, sensor switch, three cylindrical pressing worm, the worm is pressed three cylindrical distribution isosceles triangle, the sensing switch sensing data received by said receiving real time sensor chip data control information transmitting unit transmits the data of the three cylindrical worm for pressing the pressing movement; the lower bracket includes a pressure on the swell and shrink type multistage pressing the curved flexible panel, the other plurality of angles type guide means, a plurality of further inductive urging member; the swell and shrink type pressurized arcuate flexible sheet of a polymer with a polyurethane material web 热塑性弹性体复合而成;所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板之间通过所述另一定角式导向机构依次连接,所述另一感应推压部件的上端固设于对应的所述多段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板下表面;其中,所述另一定角式导向机构包括另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆、另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉、另一三组钴合金传感芯片;所述另一三组钴合金传感芯片呈等边三角形分布固设于所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆之间;所述另一双层调节支撑钛合金杆两侧均设有第三销槽,每段缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的两侧均设有第四销槽,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述另一直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的不同阶梯的横截面,其中,所述第三销槽和所述第四销槽的形状和尺寸分别对应所述直径变化的多阶梯型钛合金销钉的第η阶梯的横截面 The thermoplastic elastomer composite made; the swell and shrink type multistage pressing another certain angle of formula arcuate guide mechanism are connected by the flexible board between the upper end of the other push pressure sensing member fixed to the corresponding expanding said multi-stage compression type upper arcuate surface of the flexible sheet under pressure; wherein said guide means further comprises an angular-type multi-stage type titanium alloy pins another double adjustable support rod, another variation of the diameter, the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy; the other three sensor chip cobalt alloy distributed equilateral triangle fixed to the support further adjustable between a double titanium rod; said further adjustable support titanium double alloy rods each provided with a third pin on both sides of the slot, on both sides of each segment of the swell and shrink the flexible board type curved pressing pin has a fourth groove, the shape of said third pin and said fourth pin groove slot and the cross-sectional dimensions correspond to the different step of a multi-step type titanium alloy of the other pins of varying diameter, wherein the shape and size of said third pin and said fourth pin grooves corresponding to the grooves of varying diameter η step of a multi-step cross-section titanium alloy pins 第η +3阶梯的横截面,其中第η阶梯的横截面为任意一阶梯的横截面,第η +3阶梯的横截面为与所述第η阶梯的横截面隔两阶梯的横截面;所述另一感应推压部件包括另一感应数据接收感应芯片、另一感应开关、三个方形推压蜗杆,所述三个方形推压蜗杆呈等边三角形分布,所述另一感应开关通过所述另一感应数据接收感应芯片接收上述数据发送单元发送的信息数据实时控制所述三个方形推压蜗杆进行推压运动。 The first step η +3 cross section, wherein the cross section of [eta] a step for a ladder of any cross section, the cross section of η +3 stepped cross section with two stepped cross section of the second compartment [eta] step; the said pressing member comprises another sensing another sensing data receiving sensor chip, the other sensor switch, the worm is pressed three squares, three squares were urging the worm equilateral triangular profile, the sensing switch by the further said another real time information data received sensing data sensing chip receives the data transmission unit transmits the control performed three squares pressing push motion of the worm.
2.根据权利要求1所述的基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器,其特征在于,所述缩胀型下弧形加压柔性板的上凸出部与所述感应推压部件的下端固定连接,所述多个定角式导向机构为3 η个,其中η为> 2的自然数。 According to claim 1, based on the type of the swell and shrink sleeve meditation angle bracket combination pressed and fixed, characterized in that the swell and shrink the pressing projection type lower arcuate portion of the flexible plate and the induction the lower end of the pressing member is fixedly connected to the plurality of guide means for the fixed angle of formula 3 η, of which is [eta]> natural number.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的基于缩胀型的套入定角式支架组合推压固定器,其特征在于,所述缩胀型上弧形加压柔性板的下凸出部与所述另一感应推压部件的上端固定连接,所述多个另一定角式导向机构为3 η个,其中η为> 3的自然数。 The type on swell and shrink sleeve meditation angle bracket or pressed and fixed composition according to claim 1, wherein said projecting portion on the lower reduced swelling type flexible curved plate and pressing the an upper end fixedly connected to another of said induction pressing member, the other of the plurality of guide means is an angular formula 3 [eta], of which is [eta]> a natural number of 3.
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CN1389182A (en) * 2002-07-12 2003-01-08 刘占国 Computer-controlled fracture shaping, repairing and outer fixing system
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