CN104155959A - Unattended comprehensive monitoring system for transformer substation - Google Patents

Unattended comprehensive monitoring system for transformer substation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104155959A
CN104155959A CN201410425935.4A CN201410425935A CN104155959A CN 104155959 A CN104155959 A CN 104155959A CN 201410425935 A CN201410425935 A CN 201410425935A CN 104155959 A CN104155959 A CN 104155959A
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China
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station
subsystem
transformer station
output
monitoring
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CN201410425935.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104155959B (en
Inventor
唐贞祥
胡宗军
尹梅芳
曾礼强
彭庆宇
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国家电网公司
国网重庆市电力公司北碚供电分公司
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Publication of CN104155959A publication Critical patent/CN104155959A/en
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Publication of CN104155959B publication Critical patent/CN104155959B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention provides an unattended comprehensive monitoring system for a transformer substation. The unattended comprehensive monitoring system comprises a security monitoring subsystem, an environment monitoring subsystem, an equipment monitoring subsystem, a monitoring center and an output unit. The security monitoring subsystem, the environment monitoring subsystem and the equipment monitoring subsystem are all connected with the monitoring center and carry out data interaction with the monitoring center, and the monitoring center is connected with the output unit and sends and outputs output information to the output unit. The unattended comprehensive monitoring system can conduct round-the-clock unattended monitoring on security, environment and equipment; after the environment and equipment of the transformer substation have problems, it is guaranteed that the power transformation equipment can be protected against misoperation under the dual-verification action of the security monitoring subsystem, and heavy losses caused by further deterioration of power supply failures are avoided.

Description

Transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of supervisory system, relate in particular to a kind of transformer station unattended integral supervisory system.
Background technology
Along with the development of production technology, every profession and trade is also more and more higher to the requirement of electric power supply, therefore, in order to ensure the reliable and stable supply of electric power, not only need the each power-supply unit in electrical network to carry out careful Inspection and maintenance, and also must effectively monitor for the environment of the set transformer station of power-supply unit, the environment of transformer station can affect the performance of power-supply unit and the stability of power supply equally.
For the monitoring of transformer station mainly in environmental monitoring and the monitoring to equipment, traditional environment is monitored the mode of often patrolling and examining by manpower, because manpower is patrolled and examined and is often merely able to by detecting regularly or aperiodically, centre has certain time interval, and the variation of substation parameter within this time interval can effectively being monitored, easy appearance is undetected or testing result is inaccurate, thereby occurs that the variation of substation parameter causes accident of power supply, in order to improve accuracy and round-the-clock the monitoring of monitoring result, engender intelligentized monitoring system, then existing intelligent monitor system, such as by video camera monitoring etc., but still there are the following problems: monitoring result needs monitor staff to screen contrast from numerous and jumbled detection data, mode by manpower filters out abnormal data, therefore usually there is data omission, can not note abnormalities in time, once and there is accident in certain transformer station, such as fire, when the accidents such as water logging, can not regulate and control accident transformer station immediately, be merely able to process after the staff that recovers reaches the spot, causality loss is increased.
In prior art, entering transformer station for fear of unauthorized person generally adopts in two ways, a kind of mode is for to be undertaken on duty by staff, or staff carries out walkaround inspection, but this mode causes the waste of human resources, and can not always play effective security protection effect, once there be people to break in, can not ensure can be found at every turn; Another kind of mode realizes by gate control system, the modes such as job number (being pin mode), work board or the fingerprint by employee are discharged unauthorized person, but these modes are Shortcomings part still, such as thereby job number or work board are easily stolen and are caused unauthorized person to swarm into by people, and fingerprint is safer with respect to first two verification mode, but still there is the possibility being stolen, and very flexible, even employing gate control system, still need duty personnel, and field condition is difficult to feed back in time Surveillance center.
Adopt gate control system of the prior art or manual patrol inspection also to have a common problem, carry out illegal when there being people to enter in transformer station and to power-supply unit, such as substation, substation equipment occur abnormal, maintenance worker causes malfunction to equipment, or unauthorized person theft equipment, can not report to the police in time, thereby cause power supply trouble and serious economic loss.
Therefore, need to propose a kind of for transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system, can monitor by round-the-clock security protection, environment and equipment operation condition to transformer station, and can link according to the security protection of actual monitored situation, environment and monitoring of tools, ensure the work that transformer station can be continual and steady, guarantee the stability of power supply, and without manual intervention, save human cost.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of transformer station unattended integral supervisory system, can monitor by round-the-clock security protection, environment and equipment operation condition to transformer station, and can link according to the security protection of actual monitored situation, environment and monitoring of tools, ensure the work that transformer station can be continual and steady, guarantee the stability of power supply, and without manual intervention, save human cost.
A kind of transformer station provided by the invention unattended integral supervisory system, comprise safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem, monitoring of tools subsystem, Surveillance center and output unit, described safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and monitoring of tools subsystem are all connected with Surveillance center and carry out data interaction, and described Surveillance center is connected with output unit and sends output information output to output unit.
Further, described safety monitoring subsystem at least comprises gate inhibition's module, stand outer image detecting apparatus, authentication server and Authentication devices, the output terminal that outside described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged at the outer image detecting apparatus of transformer station outlet and station is connected with authentication server and to authentication server output image information, described authentication server and Authentication devices carry out information interaction by wireless mode, and described authentication server and Surveillance center carry out data interaction by wired and/or wireless mode.
Further, described safety monitoring subsystem also comprises image detecting apparatus in station, the outer checking requesting service in requesting service and station of verifying of standing, power-supply unit and its output terminal that in described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged in transformer station are connected with authentication server, and outside described station, in Authentication devices and station, the output terminal of Authentication devices is all connected with described authentication server.
Further, described environmental monitoring subsystem comprises detection module, information acquisition module, processing module and the environment output module for the environmental parameter in transformer station is detected; The output terminal of described detection module is connected with the input end of information acquisition module, the output terminal of described information acquisition module is connected with processing module, the output terminal of described processing module is connected with described environment output module, and described processing module is connected with Surveillance center and carries out data interaction;
Wherein, described detection module comprises one or both and above combination of flue gas sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor or level sensor, and the output terminal of the each sensor in described detection module is all connected with the input end of information acquisition module.
Further, described supervisory system also comprises video monitoring subsystem, described video monitoring subsystem comprises at least one video camera that carries out image acquisition in transformer station and the image processor that is connected with video camera, and described image processor is connected with described processing module and carries out data interaction.
Further, described supervisory system also comprises light control subsystem, described light control subsystem comprises ambient light sensor, lamp dimmer, at least one emergency-lighting set and with the gauge tap of the corresponding setting of emergency-lighting set, described ambient light sensor testing environment optical transmission of information is to lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer is exported control command according to surround lighting information to gauge tap, gauge tap is according to the break-make of the supply access of the control command control emergency-lighting set of lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer and described processing module are carried out data interaction.
Further, described light control subsystem also comprises emergency power pack and emergency power pack switch, described emergency power pack provides mains lighting supply to emergency-lighting set, the connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between described emergency power pack switch equates with the number of emergency-lighting set and receiving light optical controller is exported control command control emergency power pack and emergency-lighting set.
Further, described output unit comprises a kind of of power-supply controller of electric, display, alarm and fire protection warning device or two kinds and above combination, and the command input end of described power-supply controller of electric, display, alarm and fire protection warning device is all electrically connected with Surveillance center.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention can carry out round-the-clock unattended monitoring to security protection, environment and equipment, and after the environment of transformer station and equipment break down, by the double verification effect of safety monitoring subsystem, can guarantee that converting equipment there will not be by the phenomenon without operation, thereby avoid power supply trouble further to worsen and cause heavy losses; And the present invention can effectively save human cost, avoid the wasting of resources.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is theory diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of safety monitoring subsystem of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the theory diagram of environmental monitoring subsystem of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the theory diagram of monitoring of tools subsystem of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the workflow diagram of safety monitoring subsystem of the present invention.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is theory diagram of the present invention, Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of safety monitoring subsystem of the present invention, Fig. 3 is the theory diagram of environmental monitoring subsystem of the present invention, Fig. 4 is the theory diagram of monitoring of tools subsystem of the present invention, Fig. 5 is the workflow diagram of safety monitoring subsystem of the present invention, as shown in the figure, a kind of transformer station provided by the invention unattended integral supervisory system, comprise safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem, monitoring of tools subsystem, Surveillance center and output unit, described safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and monitoring of tools subsystem are all connected with Surveillance center and carry out data interaction, described Surveillance center is connected with output unit and sends output information output to output unit.
Wherein, monitoring of tools subsystem device sensor module, described device sensor module comprises voltage sensor, current transformer, insulating oil sensor, pressing plate is thrown to give up the throne and is put a kind of of sensor sensor or two kinds and above combination, certainly, device sensor module not only comprises above-mentioned each sensor, do not enumerated at this, also comprise monitoring of tools processor, the equipment control switch and the equipment alarm device that are connected with described monitoring of tools processor, above-mentioned each sensor is connected with the input end of monitoring of tools processor, the output terminal of described monitoring of tools processor is connected with the input end of equipment control switch and equipment alarm device, monitoring of tools processor is also connected with Surveillance center and carries out data interaction, monitoring of tools processor memory contains the threshold value of each Monitoring Data, in the time that the detection data of each sensor output exceed the corresponding threshold value of each data, monitoring of tools processor is to equipment alarm device output alarm signal, notice transformer station personnel is processed in time, and, Monitoring Data and warning message are sent to Surveillance center by monitoring of tools processor, and corresponding equipment control switch moves according to steering order, mode accident further worsens, monitoring of tools processor adopting single-chip microcomputer, such as AVR single-chip microcomputer, ATMEL single-chip microcomputer etc., all can realize object of the present invention, and, monitoring of tools processor is also equipped with peripheral circuit, such as filtering circuit, sample circuit etc., all belong to prior art, not in this to go forth, wherein, monitoring of tools processor and Surveillance center adopt wired or wireless mode to carry out communication, the mode that wired employing is wireless is carried out communication, such as 3G or the realization of 4G communicating circuit.
In the present embodiment, described safety monitoring subsystem at least comprises gate inhibition's module, the outer image detecting apparatus of standing, authentication server and Authentication devices, the output terminal that outside described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged at the outer image detecting apparatus of transformer station outlet and station is connected with authentication server and to authentication server output image information, described authentication server and Authentication devices carry out information interaction by wireless mode, described authentication server and Surveillance center carry out data interaction by wired and/or wireless mode, the present embodiment preferred wireless communication modes, authentication server and Authentication devices and Surveillance center adopt 3G or 4G communicating circuit to realize data interaction, belong to prior art.
Gate inhibition's module, such as the automatically-controlled door that adopts entity adds control, also can adopt fence and controller, all can realize object of the present invention.
The outer image detecting apparatus of standing, adopt high-definition camera, such as ccd video camera, for obtaining human body head portrait information the output in sensing range, the head image information that the outer image detecting apparatus of standing adopts video camera to enter the personnel in sensing range obtains, the wherein facial information of the human body of head image information;
Authentication server, the human body head portrait information of exporting for image detecting apparatus outside receiving station is also processed, wherein process and comprise denoising, the processing such as gray scale, so that the facial information of the human body obtaining is clear, be convenient to contrast, and the staff's who prestores head image information and the head image information of exporting when the outer image detecting apparatus of setting out in advance to make arrangements are contrasted, the head image information of image detecting apparatus output as outer in staff's head image information and station exists head portrait corresponding, to gate control system output order, allowance enters, authentication server records authorization information, if do not there is not head portrait correspondence, authentication server output comprises the request of checking again of the head image information of image detecting apparatus output outside current station, head portrait correspondence refers to that the current human face image getting and the staff's who prestores photo contrast, whether there is situation about being consistent, wherein, authentication server can adopt computer, also can adopt high-end single-chip microcomputer as similar in AVR single-chip microcomputer to realize, if adopt AVR chip microcontroller, also need an external storer, for storing relevant image authentication information,
Authentication devices, adopts smart mobile phone or Hand Personal Computer, such as notebook computer, panel computer etc.; By supervisory control of substation, personnel manipulate, for obtaining the request of checking again of authentication server output and checking request being shown to monitor staff verifies and feed back the result to authentication server, monitor staff is verified, send and permit entry instruction to authentication server by Authentication devices, and permit entering by authentication server access control system, otherwise gate control system is failure to actuate;
When authentication server checking does not exist head portrait at once, continue obtain the human body head portrait information of the outer image detecting apparatus output in station and start timing, outside authentication server continues acquisition station, the human body head portrait information time of image detecting apparatus output reaches the default checking stand-by period, authentication server sends checking request again to Authentication devices, if enter into the just process of personnel in sensing range, or short stay, wish does not enter in transformer station, when the personnel that are detected leave within the checking stand-by period, authentication server no longer sends checking request so, save proving program.
In the present embodiment, described safety monitoring subsystem also comprises image detecting apparatus in station, the outer checking requesting service in requesting service and station of verifying of standing, power-supply unit and its output terminal that in described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged in transformer station are connected with authentication server, and outside described station, in Authentication devices and station, the output terminal of Authentication devices is all connected with described authentication server.
Image detecting apparatus in standing, adopt high-definition camera, such as ccd video camera, be arranged at the power-supply unit in transformer station, for obtaining near the head image information of the human body of power-supply unit in transformer station and being sent to authentication server, authentication server judges that whether the head image information of image detecting apparatus output in station is by the outer checking in station, and as do not passed through, the instruction of authentication server output alarm is to Authentication devices, enter in transformer station by the personnel of the outer checking of standing, and do not know what its real object is, therefore, if the service work personnel in station of entering are as operated power-supply unit, service work personnel can reach its target device, therefore again verified to authentication server by image detecting apparatus output detections image in station, after being verified, can carry out equipment operating, otherwise report to the police, guarantee power-supply unit can not touch because of malfunction or illegally and cause accident of power supply, therefore, in order to ensure monitoring range, still stand all more than one of interior image detecting apparatus of the outer image monitoring equipment of no matter standing.
Checking requesting service outside standing, within the checking stand-by period, the personnel that are verified send checking request to authentication server by station outer checking requesting service, authentication server stops checking immediately to be waited for and sends again and verify and ask to Authentication devices, the outer checking requesting service of standing can adopt pushbutton switch, make by pinning pushbutton switch after the action of pushbutton switch, receive request instruction by authentication server, certainly, also can adopt speech recognition equipment as the outer checking in station requesting service, if the personnel that picture without a head is corresponding enter and these personnel really have critical or enter in transformer station to the transformer station relevant thing of working, can send checking request by station outer checking requesting service so, thereby interrupting checking waits for, save time
Checking requesting service in standing, be arranged at the power-supply unit in transformer station, the personnel that are verified send checking request by checking requesting service in station to authentication server, in standing, checking requesting service is same equipment with station outer checking requesting service, near staff power-supply unit is by checking request instruction in checking requesting service sending station in station, again verify and request instruction in station is sent to Authentication devices by authentication server, confirmed by monitor staff, in standing, checking requesting service is mainly used in need to being performed under the situations such as inspection operation when power-supply unit, the personnel that are verified directly send checking instruction by checking requesting service in station, authentication server receives after the checking instruction of the interior checking requesting service transmission of arriving at a station, forward authorization information to Authentication devices immediately, this authorization information mainly comprises the personnel's of being verified head image information, monitor staff confirms this authorization information, be verified and adopt by display device and show, such as the mode giving a green light, after being verified, tested personnel could carry out inspection operation, be through missing the stop outer checking such as the personnel in station are verified server authentication, although but the monitor staff of Authentication devices finds that being verified personnel belongs to staff, but do not there is legal operation qualification and (mainly refer to whether these personnel are staff that dispatching center of transformer station sends, in this way, whether this staff who sends has operational order, it is operation order, these information can be carried out cooperation and communication by monitor staff and dispatching center and be understood operation order information), monitor staff sends quiescing order by Authentication devices, reported to the police by the instruction of authentication server output alarm, security protection subsystem is provided with alarm for safety guard, the alarm command of exporting by authentication server is reported to the police, and warning message is sent to Surveillance center by authentication server, this warning message comprises the head image information that is verified witness person, time of fire alarming etc.,
In the time that the personnel's that are verified that outside station, image detecting apparatus is exported head image information checking is not passed through, the personnel that are verified continue to stop in transformer station the residence time that exceedes setting, the instruction of described authentication server output alarm is to equipment alarm device, Authentication devices and Surveillance center, this residence time starts to calculate with the end point of the checking stand-by period of authentication server or verifies while waiting for interruption and starts to calculate, and/or
When the head image information of the personnel that are verified of image detecting apparatus output in station, empirical tests server judges that this is verified personnel not by the outer checking in station, and the instruction of authentication server output alarm is to Authentication devices, equipment alarm device and Surveillance center; And/or
When requesting service in station is when checking asks not pass through in authentication server sending station, near staff power-supply unit still stops the residence time that exceedes setting, the time of this setting from authentication server start to receive Authentication devices output do not start to calculate by operation demonstration instruction, the instruction of described authentication server output alarm is to equipment alarm device, Authentication devices and Surveillance center, this kind of situation is that near staff power-supply unit has passed through the outer checking in station, but verify afterwards and do not meet by monitor staff the qualification that equipment is overhauled, therefore, the instruction of authentication server output alarm.
In addition, in standing, the outer requesting service of requesting service and station all can adopt pushbutton switch or speech ciphering equipment to send request information, and speech ciphering equipment, such as adopting phone, all can be realized object of the present invention.
In the present embodiment, described environmental monitoring subsystem comprises detection module, information acquisition module, processing module and the environment output module for the environmental parameter in transformer station is detected; The output terminal of described detection module is connected with the input end of information acquisition module, the output terminal of described information acquisition module is connected with processing module, the output terminal of described processing module is connected with described environment output module, described processing module is connected with Surveillance center and carries out data interaction, the present embodiment preferred wireless mode, adopts 3G or 4G communicating circuit to carry out data interaction;
Wherein, described detection module comprises one or both and above combination of flue gas sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor or level sensor, and the output terminal of the each sensor in described detection module is all connected with the input end of information acquisition module;
Information acquisition module is for being integrated with amplifying circuit, the integrated circuit of filtering circuit and A/D change-over circuit, be convenient to the signal of detection module output to process, be easy to the processing signals of identification to processing module output, information acquisition module can adopt single channel integrated circuit, the output terminal of so each sensor is provided with an information acquisition module, certainly, also can adopt multichannel integrated circuit, the signal of each sensor output is all processed by this integrated circuit, adopt hyperchannel or single channel integrated circuit need to select according to actual conditions and cost budgeting,
Processing module, described processing module adopts single-chip microcomputer, such as AVR series monolithic, there is powerful processing power, certainly, other single-chip microcomputers can be realized object of the present invention equally, such as ATMEL single-chip microcomputer, in processing module, preset the threshold value of each environmental parameter, such as flue gas threshold value, temperature threshold, humidity threshold value and watermark threshold, certainly, flue gas threshold value and watermark threshold can be set to 0, flue gas threshold value and watermark threshold can also arrange respectively certain positive number determined value, that is to say when the flue gas value of flue gas sensor and level sensor output and water level value are only greater than 0 and all can carry out actuation of an alarm, when flue gas threshold value or watermark threshold reach the positive number threshold value of setting, start so immediately fire protection warning, in processing module, be also provided with temperature threshold and humidity threshold value, compare with temperature threshold and humidity threshold value respectively by current temperature parameter and humidity parameter, as transfinite by processing module output alarm information,
Environment output module comprises environment alarm and environment display, the input end of described environment alarm and environment display is all connected with processing module output terminal, by the effect of output module, can notify in time the staff of Yi Fa accident transformer station to reach rapidly accident spot, and have a clear understanding of culprit by display, when processing module is thought Surveillance center's output alarm information to environment output module output alarm information time.
In the present embodiment, described supervisory system also comprises video monitoring subsystem, described video monitoring subsystem comprises at least one video camera that carries out image acquisition in transformer station and the image processor that is connected with video camera, and described image processor is connected with described processing module and carries out data interaction, wherein video camera adopts turnable mode to arrange, can expand the monitoring range of single camera, video camera rotates image processor control, when under normal condition, video camera is monitored in static monitor state and to predefined monitoring objective, once the accident of meeting accident, issue instructions to processing module by Surveillance center so, then be transferred to image processor actuated camera by processing module and carry out rotary scanning state, the position and the state that occur with observation accident, image processor is processed the image of video camera output to be transferred to Surveillance center by processing module later, by the effect of subsystem of video, can grasp the situation in transformer station comprehensively, the staff of being convenient to Surveillance center makes correct judgement and treatment measures.
In the present embodiment, described supervisory system also comprises light control subsystem, described light control subsystem comprises ambient light sensor, lamp dimmer, at least one emergency-lighting set and with the gauge tap of the corresponding setting of emergency-lighting set, described ambient light sensor testing environment optical transmission of information is to lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer is exported control command according to surround lighting information to gauge tap, gauge tap is according to the break-make of the supply access of the control command control emergency-lighting set of lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer and described processing module are carried out data interaction, when the insufficient light of emergency-lighting set in transformer station, carry out light filling, in the time that the light in transformer station (light that natural light and other light fixture send) is inadequate, the light information light control of ambient light sensor output, lamp dimmer is by current surround lighting and preset value contrast, when current environment light is less than preset value, lamp dimmer output control command makes gauge tap closure, carry out light filling by emergency-lighting set, emergency-lighting set is at lighting lamp state, if (now surround lighting comprises natural light to the surround lighting that lamp dimmer receives, the light that the light that other light fixture send and emergency-lighting set send) while being greater than preset value, light control output control command, that gauge tap disconnects, if after gauge tap disconnects, when surround lighting information is less than preset value, gauge tap returns to again closure state, and emergency-lighting set continues light filling state, if surround lighting information is still greater than preset value after gauge tap disconnects, gauge tap disconnects so, emergency-lighting set stops light filling, to passing through the effect of light control subsystem, can ensure that video camera can obtain clearly image information on the one hand, be convenient to make accurate judgement, on the other hand, can effectively avoid the waste of electric energy, save the energy, wherein, emergency-lighting set is in light filling process, provide illumination required electricity consumption by transformer station's power supply.
In the present embodiment, described light control subsystem also comprises emergency power pack and emergency power pack switch, described emergency power pack provides mains lighting supply to emergency-lighting set, connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between described emergency power pack switch equates with the number of emergency-lighting set and receiving light optical controller is exported control command control emergency power pack and emergency-lighting set, if when transformer station occurs that the power supply of accident and transformer station self can not use, now emergency power pack switch closure, emergency-lighting set is powered by emergency power pack, and Surveillance center sends control command, and there is light control to send control command and control emergent gauge tap to emergent gauge tap, make the emergency-lighting set work of important power-supply unit, and other relatively unessential emergency-lighting sets are not worked, thereby the monitoring of the important power-supply unit of wanting is carried out to continual and steady illumination, and be beneficial to wrecker visual plant is rescued, wherein, image processor and lamp dimmer all adopt existing single-chip microcomputer.
In the present embodiment, described output unit comprises power-supply controller of electric, printing device, display, a kind of or two kinds and the above combination of alarm and fire protection warning device, described power-supply controller of electric, display, the command input end of alarm and fire protection warning device is all electrically connected with Surveillance center, in the time that monitoring of tools subsystem and environmental monitoring subsystem have warning message output, aspect can notify the staff of Surveillance center rapidly to hilllock in time, and the situation of the transformer station of sending out accident is understood, and make corresponding treatment measures, and cut off the power supply of Yi Fa accident transformer station by power supply control according to the situation of accident, avoid occurring even more serious accident, cause heavy economic losses, simultaneously, can also notify rapidly fire units to reach rapidly the scene of the accident by fire protection warning device, elimination accident, and by printing device, the image information of checking is printed, when being convenient to transformer station and having unauthorized person invasion or when converting equipment is misused, collect evidence.
In the present embodiment, described safety monitoring subsystem is also provided with human body sensing equipment, outside standing and in station, all arrange, such as infrared induction equipment, electric field sensing devices etc. all can, in the time that the induction of human body sensing equipment has human body to exist, and image detecting apparatus does not have human body head portrait output and does not have output to exceed limiting time in the outer image detecting apparatus in station or station, authentication server output alarm instruction, prevent unauthorized person from deliberately walking around the image detecting apparatus outside station and in station and transformer station is caused to damage, make the security protection effect of native system better, more comprehensively.
In the present embodiment, when the environment of equipment or transformer station occurs abnormal, by environmental monitoring subsystem and the instruction of monitoring of tools subsystem output alarm, Surveillance center shows warning message, report to the police, and think Surveillance center's input instruction by the staff of Surveillance center, thereby the video control subsystem of the Monitor And Control Subsystem that controls environment and the action of light control subsystem, incident area is paid close attention to, and the operation informations such as Surveillance center's generating run ticket also send to safety monitoring subsystem, undertaken after double verification by safety monitoring subsystem, maintainer just can operate, due to the effect of the outer checking in station and station requesting service, even double verification, can't increase the proving time, therefore can not delay transformer station is rushed to repair to maintenance equally, whole system is by this organic interlock effect, can guarantee that transformer station can stable operation, even if fault occurs, can be solved timely and effectively.
Finally explanation is, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system, it is characterized in that: comprise safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem, monitoring of tools subsystem, Surveillance center and output unit, described safety monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and monitoring of tools subsystem are all connected with Surveillance center and carry out data interaction, and described Surveillance center is connected with output unit and sends output information output to output unit.
2. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described safety monitoring subsystem at least comprises gate inhibition's module, the outer image detecting apparatus of standing, authentication server and Authentication devices, the output terminal that outside described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged at the outer image detecting apparatus of transformer station outlet and station is connected with authentication server and to authentication server output image information, described authentication server and Authentication devices carry out information interaction by wireless mode, described authentication server and Surveillance center carry out data interaction by wired and/or wireless mode.
3. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described safety monitoring subsystem also comprises image detecting apparatus in station, the outer checking requesting service in requesting service and station of verifying of standing, power-supply unit and its output terminal that in described station, image detecting apparatus is arranged in transformer station are connected with authentication server, and outside described station, in Authentication devices and station, the output terminal of Authentication devices is all connected with described authentication server.
4. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described environmental monitoring subsystem comprises detection module, information acquisition module, processing module and the environment output module for the environmental parameter in transformer station is detected; The output terminal of described detection module is connected with the input end of information acquisition module, the output terminal of described information acquisition module is connected with processing module, the output terminal of described processing module is connected with described environment output module, and described processing module is connected with Surveillance center and carries out data interaction;
Wherein, described detection module comprises one or both and above combination of flue gas sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor or level sensor, and the output terminal of the each sensor in described detection module is all connected with the input end of information acquisition module.
5. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described supervisory system also comprises video monitoring subsystem, described video monitoring subsystem comprises at least one video camera that carries out image acquisition in transformer station and the image processor that is connected with video camera, and described image processor is connected with described processing module and carries out data interaction.
6. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described supervisory system also comprises light control subsystem, described light control subsystem comprises ambient light sensor, lamp dimmer, at least one emergency-lighting set and with the gauge tap of the corresponding setting of emergency-lighting set, described ambient light sensor testing environment optical transmission of information is to lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer is exported control command according to surround lighting information to gauge tap, gauge tap is according to the break-make of the supply access of the control command control emergency-lighting set of lamp dimmer, described lamp dimmer and described processing module are carried out data interaction.
7. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described light control subsystem also comprises emergency power pack and emergency power pack switch, described emergency power pack provides mains lighting supply to emergency-lighting set, the connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between described emergency power pack switch equates with the number of emergency-lighting set and receiving light optical controller is exported control command control emergency power pack and emergency-lighting set.
8. transformer station's unattended integral supervisory system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described output unit comprises a kind of of power-supply controller of electric, display, alarm and fire protection warning device or two kinds and above combination, and the command input end of described power-supply controller of electric, display, alarm and fire protection warning device is all electrically connected with Surveillance center.
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CN106131510A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 张振堂 A kind of unattended operation transformer station safety management system
CN106154885A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 张振堂 A kind of intelligent substation security protection system
CN106249716A (en) * 2016-08-28 2016-12-21 姜俊 A kind of transformer station unattended integral monitoring system
CN106327782A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 国网山东省电力公司莱芜供电公司 Substation information early warning device
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CN107230309A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-03 四川亚润科技有限公司 Intelligent security apparatus based on transformer station
CN107730825A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-02-23 国家电网公司 A kind of public power equipment alarm emergency processing unit
CN108663970A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-16 杭州南威电力有限公司 A kind of electric power operation safety monitoring system
CN108761238A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-06 国网山东省电力公司济南供电公司 A kind of long-range monitoring and maintenance system of digital transformer substation straight-flow system
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CN104574795A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-04-29 宁波天弘电力器具有限公司 Alarm system for power distribution station and alarm method of alarm system for power distribution station
CN104574795B (en) * 2015-01-27 2017-02-22 宁波天弘电力器具有限公司 Alarm system for power distribution station and alarm method of alarm system for power distribution station
CN105118252A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-02 国家电网公司 Unattended transformer substation automatic drainage system fault alarm device
CN105785895A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 国网山东省电力公司荣成市供电公司 Intelligent transformer station monitoring system
CN106453220A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-22 四川师范大学 Butt joint type safety protection identification method
CN106023494A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-10-12 苏州华安普电力科技股份有限公司 Unattended transformer substation safety gate control system with multiple alarm modules
CN106154885A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 张振堂 A kind of intelligent substation security protection system
CN106131510A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 张振堂 A kind of unattended operation transformer station safety management system
CN106249716A (en) * 2016-08-28 2016-12-21 姜俊 A kind of transformer station unattended integral monitoring system
CN106327782A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 国网山东省电力公司莱芜供电公司 Substation information early warning device
CN107230309A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-03 四川亚润科技有限公司 Intelligent security apparatus based on transformer station
CN107730825A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-02-23 国家电网公司 A kind of public power equipment alarm emergency processing unit
CN108663970A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-16 杭州南威电力有限公司 A kind of electric power operation safety monitoring system
CN108761238A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-06 国网山东省电力公司济南供电公司 A kind of long-range monitoring and maintenance system of digital transformer substation straight-flow system
CN109847254A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-06-07 迅捷安消防及救援科技(深圳)有限公司 Removable module wisdom fire-fighting Support Equipment on duty and Related product
CN110966046A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-07 淮南市阶梯电子科技有限公司 Ground remote monitoring system of mine drainage device

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