CN104154528B - Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine - Google Patents

Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104154528B
CN104154528B CN201310177571.8A CN201310177571A CN104154528B CN 104154528 B CN104154528 B CN 104154528B CN 201310177571 A CN201310177571 A CN 201310177571A CN 104154528 B CN104154528 B CN 104154528B
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burner hearth
communicated
flue gas
air
combustion machine
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CN104154528A (en
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马亚典
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Guangzhou Athens Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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GUANGZHOU QIYADIAN BOILER CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine, comprising: loading hopper, air blast, the first burner hearth and the second burner hearth; The discharging opening of described loading hopper is communicated with described the first burner hearth, and described the first burner hearth is communicated with described the second burner hearth, and described the second burner hearth is provided with bocca; The air outlet of described air blast is communicated with described the first burner hearth and described the second burner hearth respectively. Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine provided by the invention the first burner hearth is directly burning, the second burner hearth is gasification, and combustion: the first burner hearth can be by flue gas to 800 DEG C by direct burning, the second burner hearth can be brought up to 1250 DEG C left and right by gasification, and combustion by crater flue gas by the flue gas of 800 DEG C by gasification function, allow biomass fuel and flue gas fully burn, the appearance of effectively stopping the noxious materials such as bioxin, meets the molten aluminium of casting, high temperature sintering, high-temperature baking etc. to industry requirement simultaneously.

Description

Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to biomass combustion machine, specifically a kind of biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine.
Background technology
The not high enough problem of combustion apparatus ubiquity fire box temperature using living beings as fuel, Bu NengchongDivide and meet industrialization high temperature demands, cannot meet industries such as including but not limited to cast molten aluminium, high temperature sintering.Because ordinary combustion mode temperature is not high enough, also exist warm-up time long, there are black smoke and inabundant comburantMatter is discharged from tail cigarette. Biomass combustion equipment is badly in need of a kind of high-temp combustion technology, can effectively improve burner hearth temperatureDegree, could meet more industrialization demands.
Summary of the invention
Primary and foremost purpose of the present invention is to provide the biomass double furnace that a kind of ignition temperature is high, conversion efficiency is goodThorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine, concrete scheme of the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A kind of biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine, comprising:
Loading hopper, air blast, the first burner hearth and the second burner hearth;
The discharging opening of described loading hopper is communicated with described the first burner hearth, described the first burner hearth and described secondBurner hearth is communicated with, and described the second burner hearth is provided with bocca;
The air outlet of described air blast is communicated with described the first burner hearth and described the second burner hearth respectively.
Preferably, the discharging opening of described loading hopper is communicated with described the first burner hearth by feed pipe, described inIn feed pipe, be provided with follower arm, described follower arm footpath is upwards provided with helical blade, described spiral leaf bar with driveMoving device connects.
Preferably, the air outlet of described air blast is communicated with described feed pipe.
Preferably, described the first burner hearth top is communicated with flue gas comb, described the first burner hearth and described secondBurner hearth is communicated with by described flue gas comb;
Described flue gas comb is downward along fume emission direction level, and with the stove inwall phase of described the second burner hearthCut.
Preferably, in described the first burner hearth, be provided with the fire grate for intercepting ashes, the air-out of described air blastMouth is communicated with the first air inlet pipe, and described the first air inlet pipe is communicated with described fire grate below.
Preferably, the air outlet of described air blast is communicated with the second air inlet pipe, and described the second air inlet pipe is along enteringGas direction level is downward, and tangent with the stove inwall of described the second burner hearth.
Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine provided by the invention the first burner hearth is directly burning, the second stoveThorax is gasification, and combustion: the first burner hearth can be by flue gas to 800 DEG C by direct burning, and the second burner hearth can lead toCross gasification function the flue gas of 800 DEG C brought up to 1250 DEG C of left and right by gasification, and combustion by crater flue gas,Allow biomass fuel and flue gas fully burn, the appearance of effectively stopping the noxious materials such as bioxin simultaneously, fullThe molten aluminium of foot casting, high temperature sintering, high-temperature baking etc. are to industry requirement.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, forms of the applicationPoint, do not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at another visual angle of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe the present invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, in this signal of the present inventionProperty embodiment and explanation are used for explaining the present invention, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, a kind of biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine, comprising: loading hopper 1,Air blast 2, the first burner hearth 3 and the second burner hearth 4; Described loading hopper 1 is for loading biomass fuel,The discharging opening of its below is communicated with described the first burner hearth 3, and discharging opening place is provided with baffle plate, by handwheel 11The opening and closing of controlling baffle plate, described the first burner hearth 3 is for insufficient combustion for the first time of biomass fuelBurn, described the first burner hearth 3 is communicated with described the second burner hearth 4, and described the second burner hearth 4 is by tube connector 37Be provided with bocca 5, bocca 5 comprises inner tube 39 and outer tube 51, and wherein inner tube 39 connects with tube connector 37Logical, 51 of outer tubes are communicated with air blast 2 by connecting airduct 37, wherein the first burner hearth 3, the second burner hearth4 all adopt special refractory to make; The air outlet of described air blast 2 respectively by the first air inlet pipe 31,The second air inlet pipe 32 is communicated with described the first burner hearth 3, the second burner hearth 4.
By above-described embodiment scheme, biomass fuel is by the first air inlet pipe 31 oxygen supplys, at the first burner hearth 3Middle burn incompletely, the flue gas of generation enters the second burner hearth 4 under the guide functions of the first air inlet pipe 31,In the second burner hearth 4, by the second air inlet pipe 32 oxygen supplys, flue gas carries out gasification, and combustion, and ignition temperature is furtherImprove, flame sprays from bocca 5 under the guide functions in the second air inlet pipe 32.
As the improvement of above-described embodiment scheme, the discharging opening of described loading hopper 1 by feed pipe 12 withDescribed the first burner hearth 3 is communicated with, and in described feed pipe 12, is provided with follower arm, and described follower arm footpath is upwards provided withHelical blade, described spiral leaf bar is connected with drive unit 13, under the effect of follower arm, realizes living beingsThe quantitative constant speed of fuel is supplied with.
As the improvement of above-described embodiment scheme, the air outlet of described air blast 2 is by the 3rd air inlet pipe 33Be communicated with described feed pipe 12, make loading hopper 1 form negative pressure at discharging opening, accelerate on the one hand living beingsThe conveying of fuel, avoids biomass fuel to stop up, and also can reduce on the other hand follower arm, helical blade etc.The temperature of parts, in order to realize the first air inlet pipe 31, the second air inlet pipe 32 and the 3rd air inlet pipe 33Comprehensive Control, can by the air outlet of air blast 2 with establish valvular control cabinet 6 and be connected, control cabinet 6Be communicated with the first air inlet pipe 31, the second air inlet pipe 32 and the 3rd air inlet pipe 33 respectively.
As the improvement of above-described embodiment scheme, described the first burner hearth 3 tops are communicated with flue gas comb 34,And be provided with the detection mouth 38 for detection of flue gas comb 34, described the first burner hearth on described the second burner hearth 43 are communicated with by described flue gas comb 34 with described the second burner hearth 4; Described flue gas comb 34 is along fume emissionDirection level is downward, and tangent with the stove inwall of described the second burner hearth 4, and living beings imperfect combustion producesFlue gas through flue gas comb 34 during discharged to the second burner hearth 4, because of flue gas comb 34 levels downward, and with instituteThe stove inwall of stating the second burner hearth 4 is tangent, and the flue gas of discharge forms downward eddy current in the second burner hearth 4,Upwards flow from the second burner hearth 4 bottom centre again, flue gas is fully mixed with air, and have enoughBurning time.
As the improvement of above-described embodiment scheme, in described the first burner hearth 3, be provided with the stove for intercepting ashesRow 35, the air outlet of described air blast 2 is communicated with the first air inlet pipe 31, described the first air inlet pipe 31 withDescribed fire grate 35 belows are communicated with, and the ashes that living beings and burning thereof produce are deposited on fire grate 35, andFrom the first burner hearth 3 below air supplies.
As the improvement of above-described embodiment scheme, the air outlet of described air blast 2 is communicated with the second air inlet pipe32, described the second air inlet pipe 32 is downward along airintake direction level, and with the stove inwall of described the second burner hearth 4Tangent, flue gas in the interior second-time burning of the second burner hearth 4, makes flue gas enter the second burner hearth 4 with eddy current formThe very first time in mix with air.
The technical scheme above embodiment of the present invention being provided is described in detail, and has applied hereinPrinciple and the embodiment of specific case to the embodiment of the present invention set forth, and above embodiment saysThe bright principle that is only applicable to help to understand the embodiment of the present invention; Meanwhile, for the general technology people of this areaMember according to the embodiment of the present invention, all will change in detailed description of the invention and range of application,In sum, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine, is characterized in that comprising:
Loading hopper (1), air blast (2), the first burner hearth (3) and the second burner hearth (4);
The discharging opening of described loading hopper (1) is communicated with described the first burner hearth (3), and described the first burner hearth (3) is communicated with described the second burner hearth (4), and described the second burner hearth (4) is provided with bocca (5);
The air outlet of described air blast (2) is communicated with described the first burner hearth (3) and described the second burner hearth (4) respectively;
In described the first burner hearth (3), be provided with the fire grate (35) for intercepting ashes, the air outlet of described air blast (2) is communicated with the first air inlet pipe (31), and described the first air inlet pipe (31) is communicated with described fire grate (35) below;
The air outlet of described air blast (2) is communicated with the second air inlet pipe (32), and described the second air inlet pipe (32) is downward along airintake direction level, and tangent with the stove inwall of described the second burner hearth (4).
2. biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
The discharging opening of described loading hopper (1) is communicated with described the first burner hearth (3) by feed pipe (12), and described feed pipe is provided with follower arm in (12), and described follower arm footpath is upwards provided with helical blade, and described spiral leaf bar is connected with drive unit (13).
3. biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
The air outlet of described air blast (2) is communicated with described feed pipe (12).
4. biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described the first burner hearth (3) top is communicated with flue gas comb (34), and described the first burner hearth (3) is communicated with by described flue gas comb (34) with described the second burner hearth (4);
Described flue gas comb (34) is downward along fume emission direction level, and tangent with the stove inwall of described the second burner hearth (4).
CN201310177571.8A 2013-05-14 2013-05-14 Biomass double furnace thorax ultrahigh temperature combustion machine Active CN104154528B (en)

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CN104154528B true CN104154528B (en) 2016-05-25

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105387450A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-03-09 苏州艾克玛能源科技有限公司 Biomass multistage vortex burner

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009085523A (en) * 2007-09-29 2009-04-23 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Burner
CN201382407Y (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-01-13 孔繁利 Biomass combustor
CN202350005U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-25 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass particle vortex gasifying combustion engine
CN202733953U (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-02-13 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass fuel high-fire oven
CN203298289U (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-11-20 马亚典 Double-furnace biomass ultrahigh temperature burner

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009085523A (en) * 2007-09-29 2009-04-23 Miike Iron Works Co Ltd Burner
CN201382407Y (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-01-13 孔繁利 Biomass combustor
CN202350005U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-25 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass particle vortex gasifying combustion engine
CN202733953U (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-02-13 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass fuel high-fire oven
CN203298289U (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-11-20 马亚典 Double-furnace biomass ultrahigh temperature burner

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Address after: 511450 Xinhuan Road, Xinqiao village, Dlong street, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, No. 11 101

Patentee after: Guangzhou Athens Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 511442, Guangdong Province, Panyu District, Guangzhou Town, South Village, village head, two East Road, No. 3 cross road

Patentee before: Guangzhou Qiyadian Boiler Co., Ltd.