CN104151074B - A kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104151074B
CN104151074B CN201410396604.2A CN201410396604A CN104151074B CN 104151074 B CN104151074 B CN 104151074B CN 201410396604 A CN201410396604 A CN 201410396604A CN 104151074 B CN104151074 B CN 104151074B
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Prior art keywords
sewage sludge
seedling
medium
domestic sewage
bacterium bag
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CN104151074A (en
Inventor
徐福银
胡艳燕
陈祥
包兵
朱本国
何琴
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CHONGQING LANDSCAPE AND GARDENING Research Institute
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CHONGQING LANDSCAPE AND GARDENING RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, be made up of mud, river sand, described mud is one or more in copper water-supply pipe, industrial wastewater sludge and domestic sewage sludge.Medium of Container Seedling of the present invention take sewage sludge as raw material, sewage sludge waste can be made to utilize, solve the problem of sludge disposal difficulty, also can reduce the use of traditional matrices starting material peat, reduce costs, and Reasonable Protection Nonrenewable resources; Material cost of the present invention is lower simultaneously, and the surviving rate of the Citrus Seedlings utilizing this organic seedling raising matrix to cultivate is up to 100%; Medium of Container Seedling of the present invention can reduce the release rate of nutrient on the whole, reduce nutrient loss, reach the effect of slow release long-acting, get final product single fertilization, do not need repeatedly to add fertilizer in growth of seedling process, while reducing costs, reduce operation, the Citrus Seedlings growing way of cultivating by matrix of the present invention is good, seedling rate is neat, and cost is low, is the new technology be worthy to be popularized.

Description

A kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates generally to technical field of cultivation, is specifically related to a kind of Medium of Container Seedling and preparation method thereof being applicable to Citrus Seedlings growth.
Background technology
Cultivate the basis that container anosis taproot is tree body strong sprout, citrus container nursery is applicable to the matrix of formula because being equipped with, can cultivate high quality nursery stock, in recent years be adopted in a large number in national citrus container nursery.Citrus container is educated Nutrition Soil formula and is generally husk: river sand: peat=1:1:2(volume ratio), the peat that citrus container nursery process need is a large amount of.The use of a large amount of peat is a kind of wasting of resources, and improve citrus container nursery cost, also the development of citrus nursery is constrained, rely on the commodity matrix such as peat uneconomical, also large-scale promotion is difficult to, suit measures to local conditions to adopt local resource cheap and easy to get, and the usage quantity gradually reducing peat is one of container seedling industry health and lasting developing direction.
Domestic sludge belongs to biomass solid wastes, containing abundant nutrient and the medium trace element such as organic matter, N, P, K.This mud is by after high-temperature aerobic fermentation composting, and its harmful substance contents lower than China " urban wastewater treatment firm sludge disposal-agricultural shale " (CJ/T309-2009), is all a kind of nutritious Organic Fertilizer Resources.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cost lower, a kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth of seedling medium wide material sources.
Another object of the present invention is to the preparation method of the Medium of Container Seedling that above-mentioned citrus growth is provided.
The object of the invention is to be realized by following technical measures:
Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, be made up of mud, river sand, it is characterized in that: described mud is one or more in copper water-supply pipe, industrial wastewater sludge and domestic sewage sludge.Be preferably copper water-supply pipe, one or more in domestic sewage sludge.Optimum is domestic sewage sludge.
Researchist finds, seedling medium process is bad, can cause seedling medium dehydration, nutrient easily runs off, problem that matrix nutrient content is low.In order to address this problem, said vesse seedling medium comprises the domestic sewage sludge compost 30% ~ 60% of volumeter and river sand 40% ~ 70% for raw material and obtains, described domestic sewage sludge compost be by domestic sludge, afforestation waste and bacterium bag according to volume ratio be 2:1:1 mixing to be placed on turnover throwing machine, carry out turning over throwing compost treatment, throwing is turned over once every 2 days, heap temperature 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and continue 3 ~ 5 days obtained.Described afforestation waste is known to the skilled person general knowledge, and market is easy to get.Described bacterium bag is the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of flat mushroom, needle mushroom, Pleurotus eryngii, white beech mushroom, one or more in the bacterium bag of mushroom; Optimum is the bacterium bag of mushroom.
Further be preferably said vesse seedling medium, comprise the domestic sewage sludge compost 50% ~ 60% of volumeter, river sand 40% ~ 50% for raw material obtained.
Traditional seedling medium controls bad, and seedling can be caused to need repeatedly to add fertilizer in process of growth, and complex operation and production cost improve again.In order to address this problem, said vesse seedling medium by the domestic sewage sludge compost 50% ~ 60% of volumeter, river sand 20% ~ 30% and husk 10% ~ 30% for raw material obtains.Matrix is reasonably filled a prescription and specific treatment process, matrix of the present invention is made to reduce the release rate of nutrient on the whole, reduce nutrient loss, reach the effect of slow release long-acting, simultaneously can not applying fertilizer in growth of seedling process, further decrease the production cost of this seedling medium while reducing operation.
Most preferably, the material of said vesse seedling medium comprises domestic sewage sludge compost 50% ~ 60%, river sand 20% ~ 30%, the husk 20% ~ 30% of volumeter.
Matrix of the present invention is specifically filled a prescription and is coordinated rational processing step to make Citrus Seedlings surviving rate high, and growing way is good, and seedling rate is neat, and simple to operate, cost is low, is the new technology be worthy to be popularized.
The preparation method of said vesse seedling medium, carries out as follows:
1, sludge composting
By domestic sewage sludge, afforestation waste and bacterium bag according to volume ratio be 2:1:1 mixing to be placed on turnover throwing machine, carry out turning over throwing compost treatment, turn over throwing once every 2 days, heap temperature 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and continue 3 ~ 5 days obtained domestic sewage sludge compost;
2, impurity is removed
The filter sieve utilizing mesh size to be 5mm by the plastics contained in sludge composting, husk and river sand, be greater than the Impurity removals such as 5mm sandstone, stalk;
3, composite
Sludge composting, river sand, husk are weighed according to the above ratio, mixes, leave standstill;
4, pack
The composite matrix be mixed is undertaken packing and get final product by wrapping machine.
Rational formula, coordinates specific substrate process treatment process, and make the surviving rate of Citrus Seedlings up to 100%, growing way is good, and seedling rate is neat, and simple to operate, cost is low, is the new technology be worthy to be popularized.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
Medium of Container Seedling of the present invention take sewage sludge as raw material, sewage sludge waste can be made to utilize, solve the problem of sludge disposal difficulty, also can reduce the use of traditional matrices starting material peat, reduce costs, and Reasonable Protection Nonrenewable resources; Material cost of the present invention is lower simultaneously, and the surviving rate of the Citrus Seedlings utilizing this organic seedling raising matrix to cultivate is up to 100%; Medium of Container Seedling of the present invention can reduce the release rate of nutrient on the whole, reduce nutrient loss, reach the effect of slow release long-acting, get final product single fertilization, do not need repeatedly to add fertilizer in growth of seedling process, while reducing costs, reduce operation, the Citrus Seedlings growing way of cultivating by matrix of the present invention is good, seedling rate is neat, and cost is low, is the new technology be worthy to be popularized.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is specifically described; what be necessary to herein means out is that following examples are only used to further illustrate the present invention; limiting the scope of the invention can not be interpreted as; without departing from the spirit and substance of the case in the present invention; the amendment do the inventive method, step or condition or replacement, all belong to scope of the present invention.
embodiment 1
Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, obtain according to the following steps:
Composition Consumption
Sludge composting 50%
Husk 30%
River sand 20%
Preparation method:
1, sludge composting
By domestic sludge, afforestation waste and Lentinus Edodes fungus bag according to volume ratio be 2:1:1 mixing to be placed on turnover throwing machine, carry out turning over throwing compost treatment, turned over throwing once every 2 days, heap temperature 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and continue 3 ~ 5 days.
2, impurity is removed
The filter sieve utilizing mesh size to be 5mm by the plastics contained in sludge composting, husk and river sand, be greater than the Impurity removals such as 5mm sandstone, stalk.
3, composite
Sludge composting, river sand, husk are weighed according to the above ratio, mixing, mixes, and leaves standstill.
4, pack
The composite matrix be mixed is undertaken packing and get final product by wrapping machine.
embodiment 2
Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, obtain according to the following steps:
Composition Consumption
Sludge composting 60%
Husk 10%
River sand 30%
Preparation technology: the preparation technology according to embodiment 1 obtains.
embodiment 3
Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, obtain according to the following steps:
Composition Consumption
Sludge composting 50%
Husk 25%
River sand 25%
Preparation technology: the preparation technology according to embodiment 1 obtains.
embodiment 4:
Be applicable to a Medium of Container Seedling for citrus growth, obtain according to the following steps:
Composition Consumption
Sludge composting 60%
Husk 20%
River sand 20%
Preparation technology: the preparation technology according to embodiment 1 obtains.
embodiment 5-8:
Medium of Container Seedling of the present invention take sewage sludge as raw material, sewage sludge waste can be made to utilize, solve the problem of sludge disposal difficulty, also can reduce the use of traditional matrices starting material peat, reduce costs, and Reasonable Protection Nonrenewable resources; Material cost of the present invention is lower simultaneously, and the surviving rate of the Citrus Seedlings utilizing this organic seedling raising matrix to cultivate is up to 100%, and growing way is good, and seedling rate is neat, and simple to operate, cost is low, is the new technology be worthy to be popularized.
Embodiment 5 6 7 8
Sludge composting 52% 55% 57% 58%
Husk 26% 25% 20% 21%
River sand 22% 20% 23% 21%
For a better understanding of the present invention, test set forth beneficial effect of the present invention further below by way of the present invention, experiment is below intended to the effect of the Medium of Container Seedling further illustrating citrus growth, but not limitation of the present invention.
One. needed for seedling medium of the present invention and former seedling medium, Cost comparisons shows: investigate and the results are shown in subordinate list 1:
Needed for table 1 matrix Cost comparisons table (note: with volume ratio be 1 cube for standard)
Domestic sludge compost (unit) Husk (unit) River sand (unit) Later stage applying fertilizer (unit) Add up to (unit)
Matrix of the present invention 100 110 30 0 240
Peat (unit) Husk (unit) River sand (unit) Later stage applying fertilizer (unit) Add up to (unit)
Former matrix 700 110 30 300 1140
Conclusion: as seen from table, matrix utilization of waste material of the present invention, required cost is starkly lower than former matrix.
Two. matrix of the present invention and former matrix plant citrus after 4 months Citrus Seedlings growing state contrast in table 2:
Table 2 Citrus Seedlings growing state contrast table
Project Surviving rate Height of seedling cm The thick cm of stem Height of seedling increment cm The thick increment cm of stem
Matrix of the present invention 100.0% 50.6 0.46 42.2 0.29
Former matrix 98.2% 13.0 0.25 6.8 0.10
Conclusion: seedling replanting is after 4 months, and matrix Citrus Seedlings surviving rate of the present invention is apparently higher than former matrix Citrus Seedlings survival rate.Height of seedling, stem are thick, height of seedling increment and the thick increment of stem all apparently higher than former matrix, illustrates that matrix of the present invention is rich in the nutritive element of Citrus Seedlings growth, is suitable for Citrus Seedlings and grows.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is applicable to the Medium of Container Seedling of citrus growth, it is characterized in that: it is for raw material obtains by the domestic sewage sludge compost 50% ~ 60% of volumeter, river sand 20% ~ 30% and husk 10% ~ 30%, described domestic sewage sludge compost be by domestic sewage sludge, afforestation waste and bacterium bag according to volume ratio be 2:1:1 mixing to be placed on turnover throwing machine, carry out turning over throwing compost treatment, throwing is turned over once every 2 days, heap temperature 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and continue 3 ~ 5 days obtained; Described bacterium bag is the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of the bacterium bag of flat mushroom, needle mushroom, Pleurotus eryngii, white beech mushroom, one or more in the bacterium bag of mushroom.
2. the preparation method of Medium of Container Seedling as claimed in claim 1, carries out as follows:
The preparation of A, domestic sewage sludge compost
By domestic sewage sludge, afforestation waste and bacterium bag according to volume ratio be 2:1:1 mixing to be placed on turnover throwing machine, carry out turning over throwing compost treatment, turn over throwing once every 2 days, heap temperature 50 ~ 70 DEG C, and continue 3 ~ 5 days obtained domestic sewage sludge compost;
B, removal impurity
The filter sieve utilizing mesh size to be 5mm by the plastics contained in described domestic sewage sludge compost, husk and river sand, be greater than the Impurity removals such as 5mm sandstone, stalk;
C, composite
Described domestic sewage sludge compost, river sand, husk are weighed according to described ratio, mixes, leave standstill;
D, packaging
The composite matrix be mixed is undertaken packing and get final product by wrapping machine.
CN201410396604.2A 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth and preparation method thereof Active CN104151074B (en)

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CN201610301666.XA CN105948857B (en) 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of Medium of Container Seedling
CN201410396604.2A CN104151074B (en) 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of Medium of Container Seedling being applicable to citrus growth and preparation method thereof
CN201610303359.5A CN105850582B (en) 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of seedling medium that seedling percent is high
CN201610302026.0A CN105948918A (en) 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 Preparation method of sludge compost containing seedling substrate

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CN201610303359.5A Division CN105850582B (en) 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of seedling medium that seedling percent is high

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CN104844356B (en) * 2015-05-04 2017-11-07 中国农业科学院柑桔研究所 Solid matrix for citrus container nursery and preparation method thereof
CN105060996B (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-02-06 重庆市风景园林科学研究院 A kind of foliage plant special fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106831189A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-13 浙江省农业科学院 Municipal sludge afforestation special nutritional matrix and its processing method
CN107244996A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-10-13 同济大学苏州研究院 A kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage
CN107488065A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-19 洛阳茂生生物技术有限公司 A kind of preparation of sludge organic substrate and the mobile method for culturing seedlings based on the matrix
CN107637405B (en) * 2017-09-28 2020-09-15 广东环境保护工程职业学院 Method for cultivating negative-resistance module of pepper plant by using agricultural wastes and application of negative-resistance module in greening engineering
CN108178697A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-06-19 夏文秀 It is a kind of for agricultural cultivation matrix of tomato planting and preparation method thereof

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CN105948918A (en) 2016-09-21
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CN105850582B (en) 2018-12-21
CN105948857A (en) 2016-09-21
CN104151074A (en) 2014-11-19

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