CN104148360B - A kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning - Google Patents

A kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104148360B
CN104148360B CN201410320130.3A CN201410320130A CN104148360B CN 104148360 B CN104148360 B CN 104148360B CN 201410320130 A CN201410320130 A CN 201410320130A CN 104148360 B CN104148360 B CN 104148360B
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platform
wind
cleaning
metal turning
sand
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CN104148360A (en
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潘海阔
栾东海
彭保旺
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AVIC Shangda superalloy materials Co.,Ltd.
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AVIC SHANGDA METAL REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning, this technique comprises following core operation step: A, magnetic separation removal of impurities; B, wind removal of impurities; C, spray are slightly washed; D-1, first time alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning; D-2, the ultrasonic cleaning of second time alkali lye; E, bubbling rinsing; F, gravity are dry; G, wind cut drying; H, sand washing operation; I, sand material are separated; J, bubbling rinsing; K, gravity are dry; L, wind cut drying; M, oven dry operation; After oven dry completes by stepping tape transport to material collecting device, complete whole work flow.The present invention can carry out cleaning treatment to turning material; make turning material can carry out initial value smelting (common process all can cause the depreciation of vast scale); greatly reduce the cost smelting rare metallic material; save ample resources; reduce simultaneously and utilize raw ore to smelt the pure rare precious metal produced pollution, protect environment.

Description

A kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of industry cleaning link method, especially a kind of cleaning for the pipelining of metal turning material.
Background technology
Metal can produce a large amount of waste materials in machining process, the formation bar silk winding sample dumps of wastes accumulate to be put, focus on after reaching certain scale, a part is directly discarded by as industrial refuse, but along with the progress of metal turning material, especially rare precious metal turning material recovery and reuse technology in recent years, major part producer returns and sells away with the waste material of suitable price by intermetallic composite coating, enters the metal turning material processing enterprise of specialty through market circulation.
First, bar silk winding sample metal turning material from metal turning job shop often contains a large amount of impurity, comprise dust, native stone, plastic strip bag, cigarette end, wood chip, swill etc., in order to remove or reduce these impurity, an effective way limits metal turning processing side to carry out certain removal of impurities safeguard procedures, but this method is but difficult to prove effective in practice, main cause is that turning material belongs to waste material for metal turning processing side, and it there is no need, do not have subjective desire to take removal of impurities safeguard procedures.Therefore, developing a set of practicality, efficiently metal turning waste material impurity removal process is the main feasible way solved the problem.
For common metal turning material, the simple melting removal of impurities of general process, form inferior metal material recycling, although less demanding to product quality, this kind of recovery process also needs certain pre-treating technology, at least, it is also very necessary for removing the impurity such as native stone, polybag, cigarette end, wood chip, swill.
For rare metallic material, because it has excellent characteristic, be often used to the key components and parts being processed into plant equipment.A large amount of turning material can be produced when through lathe process, current turning material is smelted (metal material containing vanadium niobium tungsten cobalt nickel is used to smelt common steel grade) by depreciation after simply reclaiming, rare precious metal wherein is not utilized effectively, and causes very large waste to resource.Therefore, for rare precious metal turning material, or need the enterprise processing high-quality, high-purity special-purpose metal material (metal material as aviation, military project purposes), visible, the bulk impurity in turning waste material should be removed, also will remove the micro inclusions such as dust, greasy dirt, organic attachment, oxide layer.High-quality, high efficiency removal of impurities pretreating process have become the major technology bottleneck of metal turning material recycling.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning, utilizes it to smelt the initial value that can realize rare precious metal after the cleaning of rare precious metal turning material.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows.
A kind of rare precious metal turning material cleaning, this technique comprises following core operation step:
A, magnetic separation removal of impurities: get metal turning material after fragmentation, put into concentration equipment removal part magnetic impurity, then metal turning material is loaded operation charging basket;
B, wind removal of impurities: the operation charging basket carrying metal turning material is put into stepping conveyer belt initiating terminal, when operation charging basket advances to stepping conveyer belt terminal, stepping machine grasped operation charging basket puts into wind rinse bath platform, wind rinse bath platform madial wall arranges compressed air line, on compressed air line, interval arranges some tuyeres, this tuyere is aimed at operation charging basket and is carried out wind except auxiliary work, removes the foreign material of metal turning material surface attachment on the basis of magnetic separation removal of impurities further; Finally, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above wind rinse bath platform puts into spray rinsing tank platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above wind rinse bath platform and wait for lower subjob action;
C, spray are slightly washed: adopt clear water to carry out spray irrigation to metal turning material, spray rinsing tank platform madial wall is provided with the spray pipeline of spray nozzle, the feed tube of this spray pipeline connects with spray pump, spray nozzle is aimed at operation charging basket and is carried out the operation of washing spray, and ion is carried out to rare precious metal turning material in the basis of wind removal of impurities; Also be provided with liquid reserve tank bottom spray rinsing tank platform, the inlet of this liquid reserve tank arranges drawer type impurity filtering net, and accept the cleaning showers liquid flowed out bottom spray rinsing tank platform, liquid outlet tieback to the spray pump of liquid reserve tank realizes recycling of cleaning fluid; After cleaning showers completes, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above spray rinsing tank platform puts into alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above spray rinsing tank platform and wait for lower subjob action;
D-1, first time alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning: adopt surfactant to carry out meticulous cleaning to metal turning material under ultrasound environments, bottom alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform, ultrasonic wave vibration plate is set in cleaning fluid, forms high frequency ultrasound shock wave, the foreign material of high efficiency removal metal turning material surface attachment and greasy dirt; The connection of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform liquid outlet arranges drawer type filter, and connect alkali lye liquid reserve tank below drawer type filter, the cleaning fluid reclaimed in alkali lye liquid reserve tank, by the inlet of circulating pump tieback to alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform, carries out recycling of cleaning fluid;
D-2, the ultrasonic cleaning of second time alkali lye: after the alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform of step D-1, be set up in parallel second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform, repeat the operation of step D-1, twice cleaning significantly can improve operation effectiveness, is also conducive to saving water source and electric energy simultaneously; After twice ultrasonic has cleaned, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above the second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform puts into alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above the second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform and wait for lower subjob action;
E, bubbling rinsing: on the basis of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities, bubbling rinsing process is carried out to rare precious metal turning material, utilize clear water rinsing liquid and continuous bubbling, the surfactant used when removing ultrasonic cleaning operation and cleaning fluid, reduce the operational pressure of follow-up impurity removal process; The bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform is laid with bubbling pipeline, and on this bubbling pipeline, interval arranges some bubbling mouths, and air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After pressure pulse cleaning completes, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform puts into gravity dry slot platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform and wait for lower subjob action;
F, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket on gravity dry slot platform and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material is naturally low under gravity; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above gravity dry slot platform is put into wind and is cut dry slot platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above gravity dry slot platform and wait for lower subjob action;
G, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform arranges airduct, on this airduct, interval arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the metal turning material in operation charging basket is moved on in stereo progressiveness sand washing device and carries out sand washing operation;
H, sand washing operation: sand washing process rare precious metal turning material being carried out to stereoscopic rolling, that remove metal turning material surface attachment, that washing cannot be eliminated oxide layer and acidifying layer; Through washing, dry metal turning material and the sand grains throat-fed from sand washing bucket, shovel agitator arm on the one hand in sand washing bucket does not stop to carry out rotational agitation, the hydraulic pressure vibrations lowering or hoisting gear being simultaneously arranged on the forward and backward side of sand washing bucket moves up and down repeatedly, the two combines carries out three-dimensional, omnibearing rolling stirring to the mixture of metal turning material and sand grains, metal turning material and sand grains are fully rubbed, removes the oxide layer on metal turning material and acidifying layer;
I, sand material are separated: to be separated with sand grains by metal turning material by sand material separating device and to reclaim sand grains, realizing the repeatedly utilization of sand grains; The vibration truss of sand material separating device arranges operation charging basket, accept the sand material mixture deviate from from sand washing bucket end, sand grains retracting device comprises a sand reservoir box, this sand reservoir box is positioned at below vibration truss, accept the sand grains spilt from operation charging basket, connect spiral conveyer below sand reservoir box, sand grains recycled by the feed end of the end on sand washing bucket of this conveying device; After completing, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above sand material separating device puts into pressure pulse cleaning groove platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above sand material separating device and wait for lower subjob action;
J, bubbling rinsing: for removing the sand grains be attached on metal turning material, the bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform is laid with bubbling pipeline, on this bubbling pipeline, interval arranges some bubbling mouths, air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After cleaning showers completes, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform puts into gravity dry slot platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform and wait for lower subjob action;
K, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket on gravity dry slot platform and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material is naturally low under gravity; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket above gravity dry slot platform is put into wind and is cut dry slot platform, puts rear stepping mechanical hand well and playbacks above gravity dry slot platform and wait for lower subjob action;
L, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform arranges airduct, on this airduct, interval arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the stepping machine grasped operation charging basket that wind is cut above dry slot platform is put on the stepping conveyer belt in drying unit, puts the rear stepping mechanical hand wind that playbacks well and cuts above dry slot platform and wait for lower subjob action;
M, dry operation: the stepping conveyer belt of operation charging basket in drying unit carries out oven dry operation, after having dried by stepping tape transport to material collecting device, complete whole work flow.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step B, step C, step D-1, step D-2, step e and step J, throwing work pattern is all adopted to clean, throwing support is provided with in wind rinse bath platform, spray rinsing tank platform, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform and pressure pulse cleaning groove platform, throwing support is rapid vertical vibration under the control of actuating unit and transmission mechanism, material back and forth in throwing operation charging basket, improves operating efficiency.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step e, arrange 2-3 group pressure pulse cleaning groove platform, bubbling rinse operation repeats 2-3 time; In step J, bubbling rinse operation repeats 1-2 time.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step B, detachable dust-removal cloth-bag is set bottom wind rinse bath platform, accepts at any time and removing impurities.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step C, liquid level instruction linker and spillway hole are set in spray rinsing tank platform, the use amount of monitoring in real time and adjustment spray liquid.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in steps A and step M, the operation step of described stepping mechanical hand and described stepping conveyer belt is consistent.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, described operation charging basket every basket charging 10-15 kilogram.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, described stepping mechanical hand carries out a pick-and-place operation at interval of 60-180 second, and the operation charging basket on last operation slot platform is moved to next operation slot platform, and stepping mechanical hand resets to above last operation slot platform again.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step D, during washing and cleaning operation, the temperature of cleaning fluid controls at 50-65 DEG C; The operating power of described ultrasonic wave vibration plate is 500-1500w, preferred 1000w, and supersonic frequency is 30-60KHZ, preferred 40KHZ; The weight ratio formula of described surfactant is: synthol APEO 8%-10%, EDTA2%-3%, C10-16 fatty acid monoethanolamide polyoxyethylene ester 4%-6%, tbp 6%-10%, triethanolamine 8%-10%, caddy 3%-4%, oleic acid 8%-10%, sodium tetraborate 3%-4%, water surplus.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, in step B, wind except auxiliary work time air outlet wind speed be 40-80m/s, preferred 60m/s; In step G and step L, when wind cuts drying operation, the wind speed of air outlet is 10-50m/s, preferred 25m/s.
The beneficial effect adopting technique scheme to produce is:
Utilize the present invention can carry out cleaning treatment to turning material; make turning material can carry out initial value smelting (common process all can cause the depreciation of vast scale); greatly reduce the cost smelting rare metallic material; save ample resources; reduce simultaneously and utilize raw ore to smelt the pure rare precious metal produced pollution, protect environment.
This invention exploits " groove platform-charging basket-mechanical hand " work pattern, operation charging basket comprises rectangle basket and is arranged on the steelframe handle on rectangle basket, shape size and the spray rinsing tank platform of rectangle basket adapt, and steelframe handle and stepping machine hook on hand adapt.Washing and cleaning operation process controls operation charging basket by the steelframe handle of stepping machine grasped operation charging basket and advances on each operation slot platform, realizes the entire mechanization of whole operation process, automation, substantially increases operating efficiency.The optimal case that " groove platform-charging basket-mechanical hand " of the present invention work pattern is created after being through repeatedly R & D design, because pending thing is the metal turning material of bar silk winding sample, and relates to magnetic separation in processing procedure, wind, washing, sand washing, all too many levels such as drying, adopt conveyer belt, conveying roller, the various means such as carrier all exist its deficiency, and (as: steam cannot circulate discharge, or cannot with blower fan, water pump, Ultrasound Instrument, the problems such as drier is assembled together), and " groove platform-charging basket-mechanical hand " of the present invention work pattern Completion solve above-mentioned various problem, be both convenient to realize mechanization, automated job, simultaneously again can with magnetic separation, wind, washing, sand washing, many cargo handling operations such as drying realize compatible, with blower fan, water pump, Ultrasound Instrument, sand washing device, drying devices etc. realize seamless assembling and integration of operation---various instrument and equipment and power thereof, power equipment is integrated to be arranged on below operation slot platform, side or lower station.These advantages of " groove platform-charging basket-mechanical hand " work pattern are that other operating types are incomparable.
The present invention have developed " throwing formula " work pattern, throwing support is provided with in spray rinsing tank platform, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform and pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (wind rinse bath platform, wind cut on dry slot platform also can), operation charging basket is arranged in this throwing support, throwing support is rapid vertical vibration under the control of actuating unit and transmission mechanism, material back and forth in throwing operation charging basket, " throwing formula " work pattern can improve the operation effectiveness of wind cleaning to greatest extent, and operating efficiency promotes more than one times than non-throwing operating type.
Wind impurity removal process of the present invention, for the cleaning pretreatment process after rare precious metal turning material magnetic separation removal of impurities, it is formed a connecting link, further wind removal of impurities process can be carried out to rare precious metal turning material on the basis of magnetic separation removal of impurities, directly can remove the foreign material of metal turning material surface attachment on the one hand, on the other hand, it is loose that the impurity being difficult to directly blow off also can obtain to a certain degree, contributes to the process of subsequent step.
Spray of the present invention slightly washes technique, for the cleaning pretreatment process after rare precious metal turning material wind removal of impurities, it is formed a connecting link, and can carry out further ion process on the basis of wind removal of impurities to rare precious metal turning material, reduces the operational pressure of subsequent ultrasonic cleaning impurity removal process.
Ultrasonic cleaning technique of the present invention, for rare precious metal turning material spray thick eccysis mix after cleaning pretreatment process, it is formed a connecting link, further ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities process is carried out to rare precious metal turning material in the basis can mixed in the thick eccysis of spray, removes foreign material and the greasy dirt of metal turning material surface attachment.
Bubbling rinsing process of the present invention, for the rinsing pretreatment process after rare precious metal turning material alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities, it is formed a connecting link, bubbling rinsing process can be carried out to rare precious metal turning material on the basis of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities, utilize rinsing liquid and continuous bubbling, the surfactant used when removing ultrasonic cleaning operation and alkaline cleaning fluid, reduce the operational pressure of follow-up impurity removal process.
Wind of the present invention cuts drying process, and cut drying process for the wind after rare precious metal turning material rinsing removal of impurities, natural drying, it is formed a connecting link, and can carry out preliminarily dried process fast to rare precious metal turning material, blows the large globule on metal turning material off.
Stereo progressiveness Sand Wash Process of the present invention, for the sand washing treatment process after rare precious metal turning material ion, it is formed a connecting link, and rare precious metal turning material is carried out to the sand washing process of stereoscopic rolling, that remove metal turning material surface attachment, that washing cannot be eliminated oxide layer and acidifying layer; The charging aperture of three-dimensional sand washing barrel is accepted through washing, dry metal turning material and special sand grains, after metal turning material mixing sand grains enters three-dimensional sand washing bucket, shovel agitator arm does not stop to carry out rotational agitation on the one hand, the hydraulic pressure vibrations lowering or hoisting gear being simultaneously arranged on the forward and backward side of sand washing bucket moves up and down repeatedly, the two combines carries out three-dimensional, omnibearing rolling stirring to the mixture of metal turning material and sand grains, guarantee that metal turning material and sand grains fully rub, thus the oxide layer effectively removed on metal turning material and acidifying layer.
Sand material separating technology of the present invention is used for the feed separation operation after the sand washing of rare precious metal turning material, metal turning material can be separated with sand grains and reclaim sand grains, realize the repeatedly utilization of sand grains, it also avoid simultaneously and repeatedly manually add sand grains, ensure that whole operation process is without interruption, improve automation and the mechanization degree of rare precious metal turning material washing and cleaning operation; Ensure low energy consumption, high efficiency removal of impurities pre-treatment job of carrying out metal turning material.
Alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning operation of the present invention and pressure pulse cleaning operation all adopt repeatedly the pattern of repeated washing, also recycle cleaning fluid simultaneously, save water resource greatly so on the one hand, also can ensure cleaning performance simultaneously.Such as alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning operation, repeatedly after operation, water in first group job groove platform is more muddy, impurity is more, cleaning performance cannot be ensured, but even if repeatedly operation, the cleaning fluid in the second group job groove platform also can not be too muddy, thus under the prerequisite of greatly saving water resource, also can reach required cleaning performance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the modular construction schematic diagram of wind cleaning device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of wind rinse bath platform.
Fig. 4 is the modular construction schematic diagram of spraying and cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of spray rinsing tank platform.
Fig. 6 is the annexation schematic diagram of liquid reserve tank, spray pump and spray pipeline.
Fig. 7 is the modular construction schematic diagram of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning equipment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform.
Fig. 9 is the annexation schematic diagram of alkali lye liquid reserve tank, circulating pump, tie back stem, groove platform.
Figure 10 is the internal structure schematic diagram of alkali lye liquid reserve tank.
Figure 11 is the modular construction schematic diagram of bubbling rinsing device of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform, and throwing support installing is in groove.
Figure 13 is the schematic top plan view of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform, throwing support removal, the bubbling pipeline bottom visible groove platform.
Figure 14 is the modular construction schematic diagram that wind of the present invention cuts drying device.
Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view that wind cuts dry slot platform, and operation charging basket is placed in groove platform.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of stereo progressiveness sand washing device of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the modular construction schematic diagram of sand material separating device, and show vibra shoot frame in figure and be arranged in operation slot platform, stepping mechanical hand is arranged on above operation slot platform.
Figure 18 is the modular construction schematic diagram of sand material separating device, and show vibra shoot frame in figure and be arranged in operation slot platform, stepping mechanical hand is arranged on above operation slot platform.
Figure 19 is the operation principle schematic diagram of sand material separating device, and operation charging basket is positioned at vibration truss, and sand reservoir box is positioned at below vibration truss, and the sand grains of recovery feeds back in sand washing bucket by conveying device.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of operation charging basket, and the bottom surface of its rectangle basket and side are mesh-structured.
In figure: 1, casing; 2, concentration equipment; 3, gravity dry slot platform; 4, drying unit; 5, material collecting device; 100, operation charging basket; 101, rectangle basket; 102, steelframe handle; 200, stepping mechanical hand; 201, hook; 300, throwing support;
11, wind rinse bath platform; 12, compressed air line;
21, spray rinsing tank platform; 22, spray pipeline; 23, spray pump; 24, impurity filtering net; 25, liquid reserve tank; 26, liquid level instruction linker;
31, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform; 32, drawer type filter; 33, alkali lye liquid reserve tank; 34, circulating pump; 35, tie back stem; 36, greasy dirt be separated every; 37, slag box is connect; 38, Ultrasonic Heating temperature controller;
41, pressure pulse cleaning groove platform; 42, rinsing liquid water inlet; 43, bubbling pipeline; 44, electric heater; 45, bubbling heating temperature control device;
51, wind cuts dry slot platform; 52, airduct; 53, ponding mouth is arranged;
60, stereo progressiveness sand washing device; 61, sand washing bucket; 62, axis; 63, agitator arm; 64, lowering or hoisting gear is shaken; 65, charging aperture; 66, discharging opening;
70, sand material separating device; 71, truss is vibrated; 72, sand reservoir box; 73, conveying device;
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1, rare precious metal turning material cleaning
Referring to accompanying drawing, the course of work of the present invention is:
A, magnetic separation removal of impurities: get metal turning material and after fragmentation, put into concentration equipment 2 remove part magnetic impurity, then load operation charging basket 100 by metal turning material, operation charging basket 100 every basket of charging 10-15 kilogram; In this step, stepping mechanical hand 200 is consistent with the operation step of stepping conveyer belt, and average every 80s stepping once;
B, wind removal of impurities: the operation charging basket 100 carrying metal turning material is put into stepping conveyer belt initiating terminal, when operation charging basket 100 advances to stepping conveyer belt terminal, stepping mechanical hand 200 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into wind rinse bath platform 11, wind rinse bath platform 11 madial wall arranges compressed air line 12, on compressed air line 12, interval arranges some tuyeres, this tuyere is aimed at operation charging basket 100 and is carried out wind except auxiliary work, removes the foreign material of metal turning material surface attachment on the basis of magnetic separation removal of impurities further; Detachable dust-removal cloth-bag is set bottom wind rinse bath platform 11, accepts at any time and removing impurities; Finally, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above wind rinse bath platform 11 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into spray rinsing tank platform 21, puts well above the playback to wind rinse bath platform 11 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
C, spray are slightly washed: adopt clear water to carry out spray irrigation to metal turning material, spray rinsing tank platform 21 madial wall is provided with the spray pipeline 22 of spray nozzle, the feed tube of this spray pipeline 22 connects with spray pump 23, spray nozzle is aimed at operation charging basket 100 and is carried out the operation of washing spray, and ion is carried out to rare precious metal turning material in the basis of wind removal of impurities; Liquid reserve tank 25 is also provided with bottom spray rinsing tank platform 21, the inlet of this liquid reserve tank 25 arranges drawer type impurity filtering net 24, accept the cleaning showers liquid flowed out bottom spray rinsing tank platform 21, the liquid outlet tieback of liquid reserve tank 25 realizes recycling of cleaning fluid to spray pump 23; Liquid level instruction linker 26 and spillway hole are set in spray rinsing tank platform 21, the use amount of monitoring in real time and adjustment spray liquid; After cleaning showers completes, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above spray rinsing tank platform 21 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, puts well above the playback to spray rinsing tank platform 21 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
D-1, first time alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning: adopt surfactant to carry out meticulous cleaning to metal turning material under ultrasound environments, bottom alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, ultrasonic wave vibration plate is set in cleaning fluid, forms high frequency ultrasound shock wave, the foreign material of high efficiency removal metal turning material surface attachment and greasy dirt; The connection of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 liquid outlet arranges drawer type filter 32, alkali lye liquid reserve tank 33 is connect below drawer type filter 32, the cleaning fluid reclaimed in alkali lye liquid reserve tank 33 to the inlet of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, carries out recycling of cleaning fluid by circulating pump 34 tieback; Wherein, the weight ratio formula of surfactant is: synthol APEO 8%-10%, EDTA2%-3%, C10-16 fatty acid monoethanolamide polyoxyethylene ester 4%-6%, tbp 6%-10%, triethanolamine 8%-10%, caddy 3%-4%, oleic acid 8%-10%, sodium tetraborate 3%-4%, water surplus.
D-2, the ultrasonic cleaning of second time alkali lye: after the alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 of step D-1, be set up in parallel second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, the operation of step D-1 is repeated under same process parameter, twice cleaning significantly can improve operation effectiveness, is also conducive to saving water source and electric energy simultaneously; After twice ultrasonic has cleaned, stepping mechanical hand 200 above second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, puts rear stepping mechanical hand 200 well and playbacks above the second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 and wait for lower subjob action;
E, bubbling rinsing: arrange 3 groups of pressure pulse cleaning groove platforms 41, bubbling rinse operation repeats 3 times; Bubbling rinsing process is carried out to rare precious metal turning material in the basis of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities, utilizes clear water rinsing liquid and continuous bubbling, the surfactant used when removing ultrasonic cleaning operation and cleaning fluid, reduce the operational pressure of follow-up impurity removal process; The bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 is laid with bubbling pipeline 43, and on this bubbling pipeline 43, interval arranges some bubbling mouths, and air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline 43 and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After pressure pulse cleaning completes, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into gravity dry slot platform 3, puts well above the playback to pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
F, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket 100 on gravity dry slot platform 3 and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material is naturally low under gravity; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above gravity dry slot platform 3 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into wind and cut dry slot platform 51, puts well above the playback to gravity dry slot platform 3 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
G, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform 51 arranges airduct 52, on this airduct 52, interval arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct 52 connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the metal turning material in operation charging basket 100 is moved on in stereo progressiveness sand washing device 60 and carries out sand washing operation;
H, sand washing operation: sand washing process rare precious metal turning material being carried out to stereoscopic rolling, that remove metal turning material surface attachment, that washing cannot be eliminated oxide layer and acidifying layer; Through washing, dry metal turning material and the sand grains throat-fed from sand washing bucket 61, shovel agitator arm 63 on the one hand in sand washing bucket 61 does not stop to carry out rotational agitation, the hydraulic pressure vibrations lowering or hoisting gear 64 being simultaneously arranged on the forward and backward side of sand washing bucket 61 moves up and down repeatedly, the two combines carries out three-dimensional, omnibearing rolling stirring to the mixture of metal turning material and sand grains, metal turning material and sand grains are fully rubbed, removes the oxide layer on metal turning material and acidifying layer;
I, sand material are separated: to be separated with sand grains by metal turning material by sand material separating device 70 and to reclaim sand grains, realizing the repeatedly utilization of sand grains; The vibration truss 71 of sand material separating device 70 arranges operation charging basket 100, accept the sand material mixture deviate from from sand washing bucket 61 end, sand grains retracting device comprises a sand reservoir box 72, this sand reservoir box 72 is positioned at below vibration truss 71, accept the sand grains spilt from operation charging basket 100, connect spiral conveyer 73 below sand reservoir box 72, sand grains recycled by the feed end of the end on sand washing bucket 61 of this conveying device 73; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above sand material separating device 70 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, puts well above the playback to sand material separating device 70 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
J, bubbling rinsing: for removing the sand grains be attached on metal turning material, the bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 is laid with bubbling pipeline 43, on this bubbling pipeline 43, interval arranges some bubbling mouths, air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline 43 and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After cleaning showers completes, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into gravity dry slot platform 3, puts well above the playback to pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
K, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket 100 on gravity dry slot platform 3 and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material is naturally low under gravity; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand 200 above gravity dry slot platform 3 grasps operation charging basket 100 and puts into wind and cut dry slot platform 51, puts well above the playback to gravity dry slot platform 3 of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 and waits for lower subjob action;
L, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform 51 arranges airduct 52, on this airduct 52, interval arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct 52 connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the wind stepping mechanical hand 200 cut above dry slot platform 51 grasps on the stepping conveyer belt that operation charging basket 100 puts in drying unit 4, puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand 200 well and cuts above dry slot platform 51 to wind and wait for time subjob action;
M, dry operation: the stepping conveyer belt of operation charging basket 100 in drying unit 4 carries out oven dry operation, after having dried by stepping tape transport to material collecting device 5, complete whole work flow; In this step, stepping mechanical hand 200 is consistent with the operation step of stepping conveyer belt;
Wherein, in step B, step C, step D-1, step D-2, step e and step J, throwing work pattern is all adopted to clean, throwing support 300 is provided with in wind rinse bath platform 11, spray rinsing tank platform 21, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 and pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, throwing support 300 is rapid vertical vibration under the control of actuating unit and transmission mechanism, material back and forth in throwing operation charging basket 100, improves operating efficiency.
The special purpose device of embodiment 2, cleaning
Referring to accompanying drawing, special purpose device of the present invention comprises concentration equipment 2, cleaning-drying assembly, the dry assembly of sand washing and material collecting device 5 successively according to continuous productive process order; Cleaning-drying assembly is comprised successively according to continuous productive process order and utilizes the wind rinse bath platform 11 of the preliminary removal of impurities of wind-force, carried out the spray rinsing tank platform 21 of removal of impurities by washing, at least one group of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, at least one group of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, utilizes the gravity dry slot platform 3 of gravity natural-dehydration drying and utilize wind to carry out dry wind and cut dry slot platform 51; The dry assembly of sand washing is arranged on the lower station of cleaning-drying assembly, its according to continuous productive process order comprise successively stereo progressiveness sand washing device 60, parting sand material and reclaim the sand material separating device 70 of sand grains, at least one group of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, wind cuts dry slot platform 51 and drying unit 4; Cleaning-drying assembly and the dry assembly of sand washing all arrange casing 1, and casing 1 lower inside is the operation slot platform of the dry assembly of cleaning-drying assembly and sand washing, and casing 1 inner upper arranges some stepping mechanical hands 200 corresponding with operation slot platform; Stepping mechanical hand 200 controls operation charging basket 100 and to have advanced successively on above-mentioned operation slot platform washing and cleaning operation; Arrange between concentration equipment 2 and cleaning-drying assembly and between cleaning-drying assembly and the dry assembly of sand washing and move on to materials device; Wherein, the steelframe handle 102 that operation charging basket 100 comprises rectangle basket 101 and is arranged on rectangle basket 101, the bottom surface of rectangle basket 101 and side are mesh-structured, operation slot platform in the shape size of rectangle basket 101 and cleaning-drying assembly and the dry assembly of sand washing adapts, and steelframe handle 102 adapts with the hook 201 on stepping mechanical hand 200; The wind rinse bath platform 11 of cleaning-drying assembly, spray rinsing tank platform 21, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, gravity dry slot platform 3 and wind cut dry slot platform 51 top respectively correspondence a stepping mechanical hand 200 is set; Sand material separating device 70, pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 and wind that the dry assembly of sand washing is arranged cut dry slot platform 51 top respectively correspondence a stepping mechanical hand 200 is set; Throwing support 300 is provided with in spray rinsing tank platform 21, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 and pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, operation charging basket 100 is arranged in this throwing support 300, this throwing support 300 is rapid vertical vibration under the control of actuating unit and transmission mechanism, the material back and forth in throwing operation charging basket 100.
The concrete structure of above-mentioned each equipment item is: the madial wall of 1. wind rinse bath platform 11 arranges compressed air line 12, compressed air line 12 is arranged pressure-reducing valve and Pressure gauge, its air inlet pipe connects with compressed air source, compressed air line 12 takes the shape of the letter U or the Z-shaped or roundabout distribution of W ring shape on wind rinse bath platform 11 madial wall, on compressed air line 12, interval arranges some tuyeres, and this tuyere is aimed at operation charging basket 100 and carried out wind except auxiliary work; The detachable dust-removal cloth-bag for accepting impurity is also provided with bottom wind rinse bath platform 11.The madial wall of 2. spray rinsing tank platform 21 arranges spray pipeline 22, the feed tube of this spray pipeline 22 connects with spray pump 23, spray pump 23 is arranged filter and Pressure gauge, its Filter Precision is for being 10-100 micron, spray pipeline 22 takes the shape of the letter U on spray rinsing tank platform 21 madial wall, Z-shaped, the roundabout distribution of W ring shape, and on spray pipeline 22, interval arranges the spray nozzle of some detachable, adjustable spray angles; Liquid reserve tank 25 is also provided with bottom spray rinsing tank platform 21, the inlet of this liquid reserve tank 25 accepts the cleaning showers liquid flowed out bottom spray rinsing tank platform 21, arrange drawer type detachable impurity filtering net 24 above liquid reserve tank 25, the liquid outlet tieback of liquid reserve tank 25 realizes recycling of cleaning fluid to spray pump 23; Liquid level instruction linker 26 and spillway hole is also provided with in spray rinsing tank platform 21.3. two cover alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 townhouses are arranged, and once clean and secondary cleaning respectively to metal turning material; The bottom of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 arranges ultrasonic wave vibration plate; The external independently circulated filter system of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, this circulated filter system comprise successively be connected with alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 liquid outlet drawer type filter 32, be arranged on alkali lye liquid reserve tank 33 below drawer type filter 32, as the circulating pump 34 of power set and the tie back stem 35 that is connected with alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 inlet; Arrange stepping mechanical hand 200 above alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, this stepping mechanical hand 200 controls operation charging basket 100 and to have advanced on alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 washing and cleaning operation; Arrange heater in alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 lateral wall arranges Ultrasonic Heating temperature controller 38, the probe of this Ultrasonic Heating temperature controller 38 to be placed in rinse bath and to be adjacent to cell wall; Alkali lye liquid reserve tank 34 inner bottom arranges and connects slag box 37, and alkali lye liquid reserve tank 34 inner tip arranges greasy dirt and is separated every 38; Tie back stem 35 is positioned at the whole 1/2 high place of alkali lye liquid reserve tank 34 with the junction of alkali lye liquid reserve tank 34; Outside alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform 31 and alkali lye liquid reserve tank 34, all heat-insulation layer is set.4. pressure pulse cleaning groove platform top arranges rinsing liquid water inlet 42, bottom arranges rinsing liquid leakage fluid dram; Also tile and be laid with bubbling pipeline 43 in the bottom of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, on this bubbling pipeline 43, interval arranges some bubbling mouths, and the air inlet pipe of bubbling pipeline 43 connects with air pump; Arrange electric heater 44 in pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 lateral wall arranges bubbling heating temperature control device 45, the probe of this bubbling heating temperature control device 45 to be placed in rinse bath and to be adjacent to cell wall; Bubbling pipeline 43 takes the shape of the letter U on pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41 diapire, Z-shaped, the roundabout distribution of W ring shape; Arrange stainless steel impurity filter screen below the rinsing liquid leakage fluid dram of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform 41, the filtering accuracy of this stainless steel impurity filter screen is 10-30 micron.5. the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform 51 arranges airduct 52, and on this airduct 52, interval arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, and the air inlet pipe of airduct 52 connects with compressed air source; Airduct 52 is cut on dry slot platform 51 madial wall at wind and is taken the shape of the letter U or the Z-shaped or roundabout distribution of W ring shape, and air outlet aims at operation charging basket 100; Airduct 52 is arranged pressure-reducing valve and Pressure gauge; Wind cuts the row's of setting ponding mouth 53 bottom dry slot platform 51, arranges and store up liquid case below row's ponding mouth 53.6. stereo progressiveness sand washing device 60 comprises the sand washing bucket 61 with charging aperture 65 and discharging opening 66, and the axis 62 be arranged on by bearing in sand washing bucket 61, this axis 62 arranges some agitator arms 63, agitator arm 63 is spaced in the shape of a spiral on axis 62, and agitator arm 63 end is flat to be arranged in spade; The below of sand washing bucket 61 charging aperture and discharge port end arranges vibrations lowering or hoisting gear 64 respectively, and this vibrations lowering or hoisting gear 64 is machinery, hydraulic pressure or Pneumatic power elevator apparatus; Be arranged on the base height 5-30cm of base than the vibrations lowering or hoisting gear 64 be arranged on below sand washing bucket 61 discharging opening of the vibrations lowering or hoisting gear 64 below sand washing bucket 61 charging aperture.7. sand material separating device 70 involving vibrations truss 71 and sand grains retracting device, vibration truss 71 arranges operation charging basket 100, accept the sand material mixture deviate from from sand washing bucket 61, sand grains retracting device comprises a sand reservoir box 72, this sand reservoir box 72 is positioned at below vibration truss 71, accept the sand grains spilt from operation charging basket 100, connect conveying device 73 below sand reservoir box 72, the feed end of the end on sand washing bucket 61 of this conveying device 73; Conveying device 73 is spiral conveyer or conveyer belt.
Foregoing description only proposes, not as the single restrictive condition to its technical scheme itself as the enforceable technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a rare precious metal turning material cleaning, is characterized in that: this technique comprises following core operation step:
A, magnetic separation removal of impurities: get metal turning material after fragmentation, put into concentration equipment (2) removal part magnetic impurity, then metal turning material is loaded operation charging basket (100);
B, wind removal of impurities: the operation charging basket (100) carrying metal turning material is put into stepping conveyer belt initiating terminal, when operation charging basket (100) advances to stepping conveyer belt terminal, stepping mechanical hand (200) grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into wind rinse bath platform (11), wind rinse bath platform (11) madial wall is arranged compressed air line (12), the upper interval of compressed air line (12) arranges some tuyeres, this tuyere is aimed at operation charging basket (100) and is carried out wind except auxiliary work, the basis of magnetic separation removal of impurities is removed the foreign material of metal turning material surface attachment further, finally, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of wind rinse bath platform (11) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into spray rinsing tank platform (21), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to wind rinse bath platform (11) top,
C, spray are slightly washed: adopt clear water to carry out spray irrigation to metal turning material, spray rinsing tank platform (21) madial wall is provided with the spray pipeline (22) of spray nozzle, the feed tube of this spray pipeline (22) connects with spray pump (23), spray nozzle is aimed at operation charging basket (100) and is carried out the operation of washing spray, and ion is carried out to rare precious metal turning material in the basis of wind removal of impurities; Spray rinsing tank platform (21) bottom is also provided with liquid reserve tank (25), the inlet of this liquid reserve tank (25) arranges drawer type impurity filtering net (24), accept the cleaning showers liquid that spray rinsing tank platform (21) bottom is flowed out, the liquid outlet tieback of liquid reserve tank (25) realizes recycling of cleaning fluid to spray pump (23); After cleaning showers completes, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of spray rinsing tank platform (21) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to spray rinsing tank platform (21) top;
D-1, first time alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning: adopt surfactant to carry out meticulous cleaning to metal turning material under ultrasound environments, alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) bottom arranges ultrasonic wave vibration plate and in cleaning fluid, forms high frequency ultrasound shock wave, the foreign material of high efficiency removal metal turning material surface attachment and greasy dirt; The connection of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) liquid outlet arranges drawer type filter (32), drawer type filter (32) below connects alkali lye liquid reserve tank (33), the cleaning fluid reclaimed in alkali lye liquid reserve tank (33) to the inlet of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31), carries out recycling of cleaning fluid by circulating pump (34) tieback;
D-2, the ultrasonic cleaning of second time alkali lye: after the alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) of step D-1, be set up in parallel second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31), repeat the operation of step D-1, twice cleaning significantly can improve operation effectiveness, is also conducive to saving water source and electric energy simultaneously; After twice ultrasonic has cleaned, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of the second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to the second alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) top;
E, bubbling rinsing: on the basis of alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning removal of impurities, bubbling rinsing process is carried out to rare precious metal turning material, utilize clear water rinsing liquid and continuous bubbling, the surfactant used when removing ultrasonic cleaning operation and cleaning fluid, reduce the operational pressure of follow-up impurity removal process; The bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) is laid with bubbling pipeline (43), the upper interval of this bubbling pipeline (43) arranges some bubbling mouths, air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline (43) and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After pressure pulse cleaning completes, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into gravity dry slot platform (3), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) top;
F, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket (100) on gravity dry slot platform (3) and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material drips under gravity naturally; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand (200) grasping operation charging basket (100) of gravity dry slot platform (3) top is put into wind and is cut dry slot platform (51), puts subjob action under waiting for above the playback to gravity dry slot platform (3) of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well;
G, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform (51) arranges airduct (52), the upper interval of this airduct (52) arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct (52) connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the metal turning material in operation charging basket (100) is moved on in stereo progressiveness sand washing device (60) and carries out sand washing operation;
H, sand washing operation: sand washing process rare precious metal turning material being carried out to stereoscopic rolling, that remove metal turning material surface attachment, that washing cannot be eliminated oxide layer and acidifying layer; Sand grains and through washing, dry metal turning material from the throat-fed of sand washing bucket (61), shovel agitator arm (63) on the one hand in sand washing bucket (61) does not stop to carry out rotational agitation, hydraulic pressure vibrations lowering or hoisting gear (64) being simultaneously arranged on sand washing bucket (61) forward and backward side moves up and down repeatedly, the two combines carries out three-dimensional, omnibearing rolling stirring to the mixture of metal turning material and sand grains, metal turning material and sand grains are fully rubbed, removes the oxide layer on metal turning material and acidifying layer;
I, sand material are separated: to be separated with sand grains by metal turning material by sand material separating device (70) and to reclaim sand grains, realizing the repeatedly utilization of sand grains; The vibration truss (71) of sand material separating device (70) arranges operation charging basket (100), accept the sand material mixture deviate from from sand washing bucket (61) end, sand grains retracting device comprises a sand reservoir box (72), this sand reservoir box (72) is positioned at vibration truss (71) below, accept the sand grains spilt from operation charging basket (100), sand reservoir box (72) below connects spiral conveyer (73), and sand grains recycled by the feed end of the end on sand washing bucket (61) of this conveying device (73); After completing, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of sand material separating device (70) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to sand material separating device (70) top;
J, bubbling rinsing: for removing the sand grains be attached on metal turning material, the bottom tiling of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) is laid with bubbling pipeline (43), the upper interval of this bubbling pipeline (43) arranges some bubbling mouths, air pump constantly blasts air to bubbling pipeline (43) and form continuously bubble on bubbling mouth, strengthens wash effect; After bubbling rinsing completes, the stepping mechanical hand (200) of pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) top grasps operation charging basket (100) and puts into gravity dry slot platform (3), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and waits for lower subjob action to pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41) top;
K, gravity are dry: rested on by operation charging basket (100) on gravity dry slot platform (3) and carry out natural drying, the moisture on metal turning material is naturally low under gravity; This step carries out dry pretreatment to metal turning material, reduces follow-up wind and cuts dry operating pressure; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand (200) grasping operation charging basket (100) of gravity dry slot platform (3) top is put into wind and is cut dry slot platform (51), puts subjob action under waiting for above the playback to gravity dry slot platform (3) of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well;
L, wind cut drying: utilize compressed air to carry out quick wind process to rare precious metal turning material, remove the globule on metal turning material, the madial wall that wind cuts dry slot platform (51) arranges airduct (52), the upper interval of this airduct (52) arranges some air outlets and carries out wind and cut drying operation, the air inlet pipe of airduct (52) connects with compressed air source, forms continuously cross-ventilation and completes wind and cut drying operation; After completing, the stepping mechanical hand (200) grasping operation charging basket (100) that wind cuts dry slot platform (51) top is put on the stepping conveyer belt in drying unit (4), puts the playback of rear stepping mechanical hand (200) well and cuts the lower subjob action of dry slot platform (51) top wait to wind;
M, dry operation: the stepping conveyer belt of operation charging basket (100) in drying unit (4) carries out oven dry operation, after having dried by stepping tape transport to material collecting device (5), complete whole work flow.
2. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step B, step C, step D-1, step D-2, in step e and step J, throwing work pattern is all adopted to clean, at wind rinse bath platform (11), spray rinsing tank platform (21), throwing support (300) is provided with in alkali lye ultrasonic cleaning tank platform (31) and pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41), throwing support (300) is rapid vertical vibration under the control of actuating unit and transmission mechanism, material back and forth in throwing operation charging basket (100), improve operating efficiency.
3. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step e, arranges 2-3 group pressure pulse cleaning groove platform (41), and bubbling rinse operation repeats 2-3 time; In step J, bubbling rinse operation repeats 1-2 time.
4. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step B, arranges detachable dust-removal cloth-bag in wind rinse bath platform (11) bottom, accepts at any time and removing impurities.
5. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step C, arranges liquid level instruction linker (26) and spillway hole in spray rinsing tank platform (21), the use amount of monitoring in real time and adjustment spray liquid.
6. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described operation charging basket (100) every basket charging 10-15 kilogram.
7. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stepping mechanical hand (200) carries out a pick-and-place operation at interval of 60-180 second, operation charging basket on last operation slot platform is moved to next operation slot platform, and stepping mechanical hand (200) resets to above last operation slot platform again.
8. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step D-1 and step D-2, during washing and cleaning operation, the temperature of cleaning fluid controls at 50-65 DEG C; The operating power of described ultrasonic wave vibration plate is 500-1500w, and supersonic frequency is 30-60KHZ; The weight ratio formula of described surfactant is: synthol APEO 8%-10%, EDTA2%-3%, C10-16 fatty acid monoethanolamide polyoxyethylene ester 4%-6%, tbp 6%-10%, triethanolamine 8%-10%, caddy 3%-4%, oleic acid 8%-10%, sodium tetraborate 3%-4%, water surplus.
9. rare precious metal turning material cleaning according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step B, wind except auxiliary work time air outlet wind speed be 40-80m/s; In step G and step L, when wind cuts drying operation, the wind speed of air outlet is 10-50m/s.
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