CN104148301B - Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method - Google Patents

Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104148301B
CN104148301B CN201410325658.XA CN201410325658A CN104148301B CN 104148301 B CN104148301 B CN 104148301B CN 201410325658 A CN201410325658 A CN 201410325658A CN 104148301 B CN104148301 B CN 104148301B
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China
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plastic bottle
sorting
image
user
server
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CN201410325658.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104148301A (en
Inventor
庄永锋
黄建敬
胡蓓
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广州市数峰电子科技有限公司
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Publication of CN104148301A publication Critical patent/CN104148301A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method.Sorting equipment includes connecting gear, recognition unit and mechanism for sorting;Connecting gear sends into recognition unit after being shakeout by the waste plastic bottle of accumulation;Recognition unit includes identifying case, being arranged on the image acquisition device identified on case and the server being connected with described image acquisition device;And server is provided with bar code data storehouse and waste plastic bottle sorting module, waste plastic bottle sorting module carries out bar code fixation and recognition to the image of image acquisition device collection, inquires about described bar code data storehouse according to recognition result, determines plastic bottle color and material;By mechanism for sorting according to plastic bottle color and material determined by server, plastic bottle is sorted.The present invention can identify material and the color of plastic bottle simultaneously, thus waste plastic bottle carries out color separation and the sorting of point material, solves single equipment in prior art and can only carry out color separation or the technical problem of point material sorting.

Description

Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to waste or used plastics sorting field, be specifically related to a kind of based on cloud computing with the waste plastic bottle of image recognition technology Sorting equipment and method.
Background technology
Growing along with China's industrial and agricultural production level and consumption demand, plastic industry is developed rapidly.According to statistics Data analysis, within 2005, Plastics in China real consumption amount is 2658.9 ten thousand tons, and waste plastic generation amount is about 960.8 ten thousand tons, Emission index about 36%.If be not effectively treated waste plastic, plastic products also can while offering convenience to human lives Bring great negative effect, its " white pollution " of being formed, direct contaminated soil and underground water.Meanwhile, waste or used plastics is permissible Recycling, contain huge regenerated resources, therefore, the recycling and reuse of waste or used plastics are to solve waste or used plastics to ask The effective ways of topic, it is possible not only to reduce the consumption to petrochemical materials, and can reduce environmental pollution, it is achieved resource Efficiently and recycle.
The recovery of plastic bottle is paid much attention to by developed country always, adds the good scientific and technological level itself having, the most Automation and intelligentized road are walked far.TITECH company of Norway have developed a kind of based on near-infrared resolution techniques Plastic bottle identification system, this plastic bottle identification system utilizes infrared principles, is suitable for analyzing transparent or light color plastic products. Owing to the near infrared spectrum of common plastic products is the most different, so utilizing this technology for detection also to be able to reach quickly, efficiently and accurately Effect.But this technology there is also clearly disadvantageous, the plastic products for black or brown can not well identify, Therefore this detection has obvious monochromaticjty.On the other hand, the sorting to waste plastic bottle requires color separation, point material, current Separate unit sorting arrangement can only realize single color separation function or point material function, color separation to be realized and point material function, needs to buy The equipment of more than two is connected to become a production line.
More domestic enterprises the most gradually see plastic bottle and reclaim wide market prospects, and obtain in terms of plastics color-selection apparatus Certain achievement, but not yet it is fruitful in terms of plastic bottle material sorting.The sorting of domestic waste plastic bottle is mainly passed through Manual type completes, and manual sorting is primarily present that human cost is high, sorting speed is slow and problem, each plastics such as the degree of accuracy is low Bottle sorting factory need to configure several workman and carries out pipelining, need to put into substantial amounts of human cost, add operation cost.Along with Human resources are the most in short supply and the rising steadily of labourer's wage, and the recovery problem of waste or used plastics reforms into an increasing difficult problem.
Existing import waste plastic bottle sorting arrangement is expensive, and maintenance difficulties is big, it is impossible to enough well meet numerous little shape The demand of material recovery point, and domestic also do not have substitute products to appear on the market.Accurately, quickly, the waste plastic bottle sorting equipment of low cost Development be still that the tight demand in market.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method, can identify plastic bottle simultaneously Material and color, thus waste plastic bottle is carried out color separation and the sorting of point material, solving single equipment in prior art can only Carry out color separation or the technical problem of point material sorting.
The technical scheme that sorting equipment of the present invention uses is as follows: waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition, Including connecting gear, recognition unit and mechanism for sorting;The entrance of described connecting gear is connected with feeding mouth, outlet and mechanism for sorting Connecting, recognition unit is arranged on the transfer mechanism;Described connecting gear after the waste plastic bottle of accumulation is shakeout, breaks up by Individual feeding recognition unit;Described recognition unit include identifying case, be arranged on the image acquisition device identified on case and with described image The server that collector connects;Described server is provided with bar code data storehouse and waste plastic bottle sorting module, and waste plastic bottle divides Pick module and the image of image acquisition device collection carried out bar code fixation and recognition, inquire about described bar code data storehouse according to recognition result, Determine plastic bottle color and material;Plastic bottle, according to plastic bottle color and material determined by server, is entered by described mechanism for sorting Row sorting.
In a preferred embodiment, described server includes that user side server, described user side server include user side Bar code data storehouse and waste plastic bottle sorting user side module.Described user side server also includes user side characteristics of image number According to storehouse;Described waste plastic bottle sorting user side module includes the recognition of bar code location module, color feature extracted module, shape Characteristic extracting module, texture feature extraction module, multiple features fusion module and picture recognition module, picture recognition module respectively with Bar code location recognition module, multiple features fusion module, user side bar code data storehouse and user side image feature base connect.
In a preferred embodiment, described server include cloud server, described cloud server include cloud processor, Bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds, high in the clouds image feature base and waste plastic bottle sorting high in the clouds module;Described cloud processor is respectively With bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds, high in the clouds image feature base, waste plastic bottle sorting high in the clouds module, user side bar code data Storehouse, user side image feature base and picture recognition module connect.
In a preferred embodiment, described connecting gear includes upper strata horizontal conveying belt, lower floor's horizontal conveying belt and stand of sliding Flat component;Slip is shakeout component and is arranged on the horizontal conveying belt of upper strata;Lower floor's horizontal conveying belt is positioned at below the horizontal conveying belt of upper strata, Lower floor's horizontal conveying belt is connected to recognition unit.It is furthermore preferred that the transfer rate of described lower floor horizontal conveying belt is more than upper strata level The transfer rate of conveyer belt.
Preferably, described connecting gear includes vibratory conveyors;Vibratory conveyors is connected between feeding mouth and recognition unit, or Person's vibratory conveyors is connected between lower floor's horizontal conveying belt and recognition unit.
Preferably, described mechanism for sorting include multilayer sorting tray, the rotation that is arranged on sorting tray sorting blade and with institute State and rotate the separation pipeline that sorting blade is connected;Described recognition unit has multiple;The outlet of described connecting gear is provided with a plurality of branch line, Each branch line is provided with recognition unit.
The technical scheme that method for sorting of the present invention uses is as follows: waste plastic bottle method for sorting based on cloud computing and image recognition, Comprise the following steps:
S1, pan feeding, the communicated mechanism of plastic bottle shakeouts, break up after enter and identify case;
S2, the image acquisition device being arranged in identification case gather plastic bottle image and are uploaded to user side server;
Image is pre-processed by S3, user side server;
S4, user side server carry out bar code fixation and recognition to pretreated image, if successfully recognizing bar code, then look into Ask user side bar code data storehouse, determine plastic bottle color and material, determine according to recognition result and on mechanism for sorting, need unlatching Separate pipeline, complete sorting.
If can not successfully identify bar code in step s 4, then perform following steps:
S5, user side server carry out color, shape and texture feature extraction to pretreated image, then carry out color, Shape and Texture Feature Fusion, obtain the characteristic value after color, shape and textural characteristics weighted sum, finally according to characteristic value Inquiry user side image feature base, determines color and the material of plastic bottle according to the information inquired, true according to recognition result Determine the separation pipeline needing to open on mechanism for sorting, complete sorting;
If inquiring about in user side image feature base less than relevant information, then it is judged to the plastic bottle image of None-identified, and The image and the feature that will be unable to identification upload to cloud server, carry out step S6 simultaneously;
After S6, cloud server receive the plastic bottle image of None-identified, by operation personnel's typing image information, cloud server Image feature base is set up the corresponding relation of image information and characteristics of image beyond the clouds, for user side server down loading updating.
Compared with prior art, advantages of the present invention and having the beneficial effect that:
1, color separation synchronously completes with a point material, it is not necessary to the sorting arrangement that multiple stage is different: first gather plastic bottle image, to gathering figure After pretreatment, distinguish bar code therein, and inquire about the bar code data storehouse preset in server and carry out the identification of color and material, And then realize color separation and point material synchronization sorting of plastic bottle.
2, recognition performance is reliable, is not limited by bar code data storehouse stored information and affects: if bar code data cannot be passed through Storehouse is identified, and the present invention can also carry out color, shape and texture feature extraction to pretreated image, and by color, Shape and textural characteristics merge, then are carried out the recognition and verification of color and material by inquiry user side image feature base. If additionally, by image feature base still None-identified, then the present invention can also pass through cloud server, manual typing figure As information, form the corresponding relation of characteristics of image and image information, update the image feature base of high in the clouds and user side with this.
3, there is excellent connecting gear, carry out at least three times spreading transmission out to pan feeding, it is possible to broken up to greatest extent by plastic bottle, Avoiding stacking to affect IMAQ, minimizing is blocked, and improves the accuracy of discrimination and identification: use at feeding mouth and have The upper strata horizontal conveying belt of speed difference and lower floor's horizontal conveying belt, and slip is set on the horizontal conveying belt of upper strata shakeouts component, by Slip is shakeout component and is carried out the pan feeding being in upper strata horizontal conveying belt spreading out for the first time;Pan feeding after spreading out for the first time is slipped to down On layer horizontal conveying belt, owing to the speed of lower floor's horizontal conveying belt is more than the speed of upper strata horizontal conveying belt, thus pan feeding will be by the Secondary is spread out;One section be connected with identification case in connecting gear is vibratory conveyors, vibratory conveyors before entrance being identified case Plastic bottle carry out vibration transmit, complete the third time of pan feeding is spread out.
4, plastic bottle can be carried out the segmentation of multiple types: can facilitate in user side server and cloud server and be come in fact by algorithm Existing plastic bottle material and the classification of color;It addition, in sorting equipment frame, round tray is provided with up to 8 rotations Sorting blade, 8 separation pipelines, it is possible to coloured to PET, PET is colourless, PP, PS, PE, PVC and other None-identifieds Material classify.
5, taking up an area little, operating efficiency is high: sorting equipment erecting is set to the form of multilayer, take up an area little, to separate pipeline many, sorting Efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the mechanical construction drawing of the sorting equipment frame of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the hardware frame figure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the software frame figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the workflow diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Embodiment
Present invention waste plastic bottle based on cloud computing and image recognition technology sorting equipment, including sorting equipment frame, Duo Gegao Speed image acquisition device, motor and motor drive controller, discharging opening controller, user side server and cloud server;Wherein, Multiple high-speed image sampling devices are arranged in sorting equipment frame, user side server by serial ports or network interface respectively with high speed image Collector, motor and motor drive controller, discharging opening controller connect;Cloud server is by internet and user side service Device connects.
As it is shown in figure 1, described sorting equipment frame is provided with connecting gear, recognition unit and the mechanism for sorting being sequentially connected with;Transmit Mechanism includes that hang plate 2, horizontal conveying belt, slip are shakeout component 3 and tilt conveyer belt 7, and recognition unit is an identification case 9, Connecting gear entrance is connected with feeding mouth 1, and outlet is connected with mechanism for sorting;In identifying case 9, high-speed image sampling device is set, point Pick mechanism to include round tray 10, separate pipeline 11 and rotate sorting blade 13.Horizontal conveying belt includes upper strata horizontal conveying belt 4 and lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5, slide and shakeout component 3 and be arranged on upper strata horizontal conveying belt 4, feeding mouth 1 is by an inclination Plate 2 is connected with upper strata horizontal conveying belt 4;Lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5 is positioned at below upper strata horizontal conveying belt 4, and transfer rate More than upper strata horizontal conveying belt, transfer rate is 3 times of upper strata horizontal conveying belt.Waste plastic bottle from feeding mouth 1 throw in into Material, after described hang plate 2, waste plastic bottle is slipped on upper strata horizontal conveying belt 4.When plastic bottle is by upper strata horizontal conveying belt During 4 transmission, slip is shakeout component 3 and is shakeout by the plastic bottle of accumulation, is allowed to the most overlapping stacking;Some bulky plastics Bottle, then cannot pass through this slip and shakeout component, can be swept and drop down onto both sides.The plastic bottle shakeout is slipped to lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5, due to transfer rate is upper strata horizontal conveying belt 43 times of lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5, the plastic bottle of landing is because of speed difference again Spread out, sporadicly interspersed among on lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5.The end contracture of lower floor's horizontal conveying belt 5 is 3 outlets 6, point It is not delivered on the inclination conveyer belt 7 of 3 different gradient.Plastic bottle is sent to the plane of differing heights along with tilting conveyer belt 7 After on, turn 90 ° of directions are to vibratory conveyors 8, and plastic bottle horizontal transmission is extremely identified case 9 by vibratory conveyors 8, if plastic bottle has Overlap, after vibration then the most separately, serially enters identification case and is identified.After the identified case of plastic bottle, system is by plastics Bottle identifies classification, and information is recorded into system.Plastic bottle falls into round tray 10 with vibratory conveyors, and is positioned at two rotation sorting leaves Between sheet 13, the position fallen by infrared judgement plastic bottle, and read the identification information of this plastic bottle.Plastic bottle is with rotation Sorting blade 13 rotates, and when front end rotates sorting blade 13 through the target splitting zone of this plastic bottle, opens this target and separates The access door in region, plastic bottle is fallen into separation pipeline 11, is sorted out from discharging opening 12.
As in figure 2 it is shown, main hardware structure of the present invention, the most multiple high-speed image sampling devices, motor drive controller and discharging opening Controller is connected with user side server respectively.Each high-speed image sampling device all include arm processor, camera module, Interface module and serial communication modular, camera module, interface module and serial communication modular are connected with arm processor respectively. Motor drive controller includes arm processor, interface module, serial communication modular and motor drive module, arm processor Being connected with interface module, serial communication modular and motor drive module respectively, motor drive module is connected with motor.Discharging opening control Device processed includes arm processor, infrared detection module, discharging opening control module, interface module and serial communication modular, ARM Processor is connected with infrared detection module, discharging opening control module, interface module and serial communication modular respectively.
As it is shown on figure 3, the software systems of the present invention are arranged on user side server and cloud server.Described user side server User side module is sorted including industrial computer, user side bar code data storehouse, user side image feature base and waste plastic bottle, User side bar code data storehouse, user side image feature base and waste plastic bottle sorting user side module are transported on industrial computer OK;Wherein, user side bar code data storehouse and user side image feature base composition user side database, waste plastic bottle divides Pick user side module and include the recognition of bar code location module, color feature extracted module, Shape Feature Extraction module, textural characteristics Extraction module, multiple features fusion module, artificial nerve network classifier and picture recognition module.Picture recognition module respectively with bar Shape code location recognition module, multiple features fusion module, user side bar code data storehouse and user side image feature base connect.
Described cloud server includes cloud processor, bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds, high in the clouds image feature base and waste or used plastics Bottle sorting high in the clouds module;Wherein, bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds and high in the clouds image feature base composition cloud database, waste and old mould Material bottle sorting high in the clouds module includes the recognition of bar code location module, color feature extracted module, Shape Feature Extraction module, texture Characteristic extracting module, multiple features fusion module and artificial nerve network classifier.
As shown in Figure 4, the workflow of waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition technology is as follows:
(1) described device Initialize installation, starts charging.Plastic bottle is shakeout component by horizontal conveying belt, slip, is tilted to pass Identification case is serially entered after sending band and vibratory conveyors.
(2) it is arranged on the high-speed image sampling device identified in case gather plastic bottle image and be uploaded to user side server.
(3) image is pre-processed by user side server.
(4) user side server carries out bar code fixation and recognition to pretreated image, as successfully recognized bar code, then looks into Ask user side bar code data storehouse, determine plastic bottle color and material, carry out step (6);Otherwise carry out step (5).
(5) user side server carries out color, shape and texture feature extraction to pretreated image, then carries out multiple features Merge the characteristic value obtained after three kinds of characteristic weighing summations, inquire about user side image feature base finally according to characteristic value, as Plastic bottle can recognize that, then color and the material of plastic bottle can determine that, carries out step (6);Otherwise, will be unable to identify image and Feature uploads to cloud server, carries out step (7) simultaneously.
(6) the separation pipeline needing to open is determined according to recognition result, when plastic bottle enters round tray and close to corresponding separation During pipeline, open discharging opening and make plastic bottle entrance separate pipeline accordingly.
(7) after cloud server receives the plastic bottle image of None-identified, by operation personnel's typing image information, cloud server The corresponding relation of characteristics of image and image information is set up in database.
(8) user side server downloads up-to-date image feature base from cloud server, to update user side characteristics of image number According to storehouse.
Above content is only the structure example to the present invention and explanation, and affiliated those skilled in the art are to being retouched The specific embodiment stated makes various amendment or supplements or use similar mode to substitute, without departing from invention structure or Person surmounts scope defined in the claims, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition, including connecting gear, recognition unit and sorter Structure;The entrance of described connecting gear is connected with feeding mouth, and outlet is connected with mechanism for sorting, and recognition unit is arranged on connecting gear On;It is characterized in that: described connecting gear sends into recognition unit after the waste plastic bottle of accumulation is shakeout, broken up;Described Recognition unit includes identifying case, being arranged on the image acquisition device identified on case and the server being connected with described image acquisition device;
Described server is provided with bar code data storehouse and waste plastic bottle sorting module, and waste plastic bottle sorting module is to IMAQ The image of device collection carries out bar code fixation and recognition, inquires about described bar code data storehouse according to recognition result, determines plastic bottle color And material;
Plastic bottle, according to plastic bottle color and material determined by server, is sorted by described mechanism for sorting;
Described connecting gear includes that component is shakeout in upper strata horizontal conveying belt, lower floor's horizontal conveying belt and slip;Slip is shakeout component and is set Put on the horizontal conveying belt of upper strata;Lower floor's horizontal conveying belt is positioned at below the horizontal conveying belt of upper strata, and lower floor's horizontal conveying belt is connected to Recognition unit.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described server includes that user side takes Business device, described user side server includes user side bar code data storehouse and waste plastic bottle sorting user side module.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described user side server also includes User side image feature base;Described waste plastic bottle sorting user side module includes that bar code location recognition module, color are special Levy extraction module, Shape Feature Extraction module, texture feature extraction module, multiple features fusion module and picture recognition module, figure As identification module distinguishes module, multiple features fusion module, user side bar code data storehouse and user side figure with bar code location respectively As property data base connects.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described server includes cloud service Device, described cloud server includes cloud processor, bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds, high in the clouds image feature base and waste or used plastics Bottle sorting high in the clouds module;Described cloud processor respectively with bar code data storehouse, high in the clouds, high in the clouds image feature base, waste or used plastics Bottle sorting high in the clouds module, user side bar code data storehouse, user side image feature base and picture recognition module connect.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described lower floor horizontal conveying belt Transfer rate is more than the transfer rate of upper strata horizontal conveying belt.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that described connecting gear includes shaking Dynamic conveyer belt;Vibratory conveyors is connected between feeding mouth and recognition unit, or vibratory conveyors is connected to lower floor's horizontal transmission Between band and recognition unit.
Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described mechanism for sorting includes that multilayer is divided Pick pallet, be arranged on sorting tray rotate sorting blade and with described rotate sorting blade be connected separate pipeline;Described Recognition unit has multiple;The outlet of described connecting gear is provided with a plurality of branch line, and each branch line is provided with recognition unit.
8. waste plastic bottle method for sorting based on cloud computing and image recognition, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1, pan feeding, the communicated mechanism of plastic bottle shakeouts, break up after enter and identify case;
S2, the image acquisition device being arranged in identification case gather plastic bottle image and are uploaded to user side server;
Image is pre-processed by S3, user side server;
S4, user side server carry out bar code fixation and recognition to pretreated image, if successfully recognizing bar code, then look into Ask user side bar code data storehouse, determine plastic bottle color and material, determine according to recognition result and on mechanism for sorting, need unlatching Separate pipeline, complete sorting;
If bar code can not successfully be identified, then perform following steps:
S5, user side server carry out color, shape and texture feature extraction to pretreated image, then carry out color, Shape and Texture Feature Fusion, obtain the characteristic value after color, shape and textural characteristics weighted sum, finally according to characteristic value Inquiry user side image feature base, determines color and the material of plastic bottle according to the information inquired, true according to recognition result Determine the separation pipeline needing to open on mechanism for sorting, complete sorting;
If inquiring about in user side image feature base less than relevant information, then it is judged to the plastic bottle image of None-identified, and The image and the feature that will be unable to identification upload to cloud server, carry out step S6 simultaneously;
After S6, cloud server receive the plastic bottle image of None-identified, by operation personnel's typing image information, cloud server Form the corresponding relation of characteristics of image and image information, and update high in the clouds image feature base for the download of user side server more Newly.
CN201410325658.XA 2014-07-09 2014-07-09 Waste plastic bottle sorting equipment based on cloud computing and image recognition and method CN104148301B (en)

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TWI606870B (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-12-01 澧達科技股份有限公司 Electronic product sorting system and sorting method
CN105291104B (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-05-17 哈尔滨云控机器人科技有限公司 Robot remote control method based on cloud platform
CN106290738A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 天津思博科科技发展有限公司 The Internet of things device recycled old and useless articles
CN106920327B (en) * 2017-03-02 2019-04-05 浙江古伽智能科技有限公司 A kind of high efficiency recyclable device based on image recognition
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CN108160528A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-15 安徽宏实光机电高科有限公司 A kind of color selector lump material device for eliminating with cloud service identification function
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