CN104145691A - Method for sustainable management of high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan with rhodiola rosea - Google Patents

Method for sustainable management of high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan with rhodiola rosea Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104145691A
CN104145691A CN201410427173.1A CN201410427173A CN104145691A CN 104145691 A CN104145691 A CN 104145691A CN 201410427173 A CN201410427173 A CN 201410427173A CN 104145691 A CN104145691 A CN 104145691A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
sand
river
northwest
rhodiola
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410427173.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104145691B (en
Inventor
贾国夫
何正军
赵文吉
尼科
李洪泉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SICHUAN ACADEMY OF GRASSLAND SCIENCE
Original Assignee
SICHUAN ACADEMY OF GRASSLAND SCIENCE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SICHUAN ACADEMY OF GRASSLAND SCIENCE filed Critical SICHUAN ACADEMY OF GRASSLAND SCIENCE
Priority to CN201410427173.1A priority Critical patent/CN104145691B/en
Publication of CN104145691A publication Critical patent/CN104145691A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104145691B publication Critical patent/CN104145691B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for restoring vegetation of high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan, in particular to a method for sustainable management of the high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan with rhodiola rosea and belongs to the technical field of agriculture. The method comprises the following steps that a, sand-protecting barriers are constructed; b, seeds are selected, wherein seedlings or root and stem division propagation seedlings of rhodiola rosea are selected, and rhodiola rosea is rhodiola crenulata or rhodiola kirilowii; c, planting is conducted, wherein the seedlings are transplanted to the high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan in a hole planting mode in autumn; d, management is conducted, wherein fertilizer is applied and pest control is conducted; e, seeds are collected after rhodiola rosea grows for five years. According to the method for sustainable management of the high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan with rhodiola rosea, rhodiola rosea is successively planted in the high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan, and the survival rate of rhodiola kirilowii can reach over 90%; due to the fact that rhodiola rosea has certain economic value, if rhodiola rosea is successively grown in Northwestern Sichuan, the ecologic value and the economic value are both achieved, and the sustainability of management of the high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan is achieved.

Description

The method of utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method for northwest, the river alpine sandy land revegetation of territory, Cold Area of Northwest, river or zone similarity, particularly a kind of method of utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering the western alpine sandy land in river, belongs to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
Grassland degeneration at present, desertification have become the problem in China and even the world, and river the Northwest is no exception.
River the Northwest is located in Southeastern Tibet edge, is the self-restraint district, important water source of Yangtze and Yellow rivers, more than mean sea level 3600m, climate type belongs to continental Plateau Cold monsoon climate of medium latitudes, and principal character is: cold, and the four seasons are difficult to obvious division, annual spring and autumn is very brief, and the long winter, heat was low without the summer; Dry rainy season is clearly demarcated, rain same season of heat; Sunshine is long, and solar radiation is strong; Diastrous weather is many.Average temperature of the whole year is 0~6 DEG C, and Extreme Maximum Temperature is 25.0 DEG C, appears at July, and the extreme minimum air temperature is-38.9 DEG C, appears at February.Average annual 1600~2400 hours sunshine, 1000~1500 DEG C of more than 10 DEG C active accumulated temperatures.Annual precipitation 500-900mm, the 80%th, concentrate on for 5~October, the average annual accumulated snow phase is 76 days, length can reach 3 months, short about 2 months.Soil and fertilizer content is few, belongs to typical ecological environment frailty district.
In order to prevent the further desertification on meadow and to administer Degraded Grasslands, river the Northwest is actively devoted to the revegetation work of degeneration, Sandy Grassland always.As the Wang Yanchun (research of the project of grassland withdraw from grazing district, northwest, river fence steppe vegetation recovery effects, Practaculture Science, 2008) etc. from aboveground vegetation species diversity, biomass, grass group height and cover degree aspect thoroughly evaluating the effect recovered of Northwestern Grassland the project of grassland withdraw from grazing district, river fence steppe vegetation.Liu Bing's (impact that rang management measure and degree of degeneration change soil nutrient content, Chinese Ecological Agriculture journal, 2007) the high and cold natural prairie soil fertility of herding under exploration Liao Chuan the Northwest different measure such as, research is found, the soil organic matter, full N, full P content obviously raise, and soil available N, P content also obviously rise.A large amount of elaborations have been made in the aspects such as the relation between measure, characteristic of plant communities, soil environment variation and Vegetation and soil that numerous scholars recover Degraded Sandy from different perspectives, but these are studied all in theoretical research stage.
In addition, administer northwest, river alpine sandy land, focus mostly at present in the improvement of ecological aspect, as passed through the secondary wheatgrass of the high red building of plantation and stiff rod.Because these vegetation economic benefits are limited, and high and cold area deteriorate grassland artificial vegetation recovery is at present all help from government projects, after project concluding, do not have lasting fund to continue to drop into, add that vegetation survival rate is not high, do not have follow-up economic benefit will cause the later stage nobody shows any interest in, finally cause sand ground to recover again to desertify.
How the western alpine sandy land in river is administered on sustainability ground, deserta is really recovered, and be current problem in the urgent need to address.
In the face of the problems referred to above, people start to find the method that realizes sustainability and administer northwest, river alpine sandy land.The higher medicinal material of economic worth of successfully planting at sand ground at present, has the saline cistanche in Xinjiang with in the Radix Glycyrrhizae of Inner Mongol.But due to the special weather conditions of northwest, river sand ground, environment is severe, these two kinds of medicinal materials all can not survive at northwest, river sand ground.Visible, in Degraded Sandy the selection of vegetation extremely important, realizing alpine sandy land, to recover sustainably vegetation be very very difficult.
As fully visible, want to realize sustainability and administer northwest, river alpine sandy land, selected vegetation must bring the ecological value and economic worth simultaneously, and being chosen in improvement Degraded Sandy or meadow of vegetation is extremely important.
Rhodiola root is Crassulaceae herbaceos perennial, is mainly used as medicine with root, and taste is micro-puckery.China's researcher has carried out a large amount of research work to rhodiola root in recent years, and chemical composition aspect separates and obtains 30 multiple compounds from rhodiola plant; In rhodiola root, separate the functional components such as the rhodioside obtaining, two kinds of superoxide dismutase isoenzymes and Bergenin (II), cause at large people's concern.Research finds, that rhodiola root has is anti-ageing, antifatigue, anti-anoxic, effect promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, can be used for that heart function is weak, anaemia, diabetes, low blood pressure, the disease such as body void, forgetful, neurasthenia after being ill.Visible, rhodiola root has good medicinal economic worth.
Present inventor is devoted for years to growing seedlings and tame research in rhodiola root.Early-stage Study achievement (patent 200810304937.2) discloses a kind of rhodiola seed seedling-raising method and cultivation method, and its disclosed rhodiola cultivation method comprises: a, selection of land, whole ground, and b, cultivation, c, field management, d, gather.
In the face of the serious degradation of high and cold area, northwest, river sand ground, present inventor has carried out large quantity research, attempts to realize the sustainable development of Degraded Sandy revegetation.At present, not yet find that there is the relevant report of utilizing rhodiola root to administer northwest, river alpine sandy land.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned present situation, a kind of method that the present invention proposes sustainability and administer northwest, river alpine sandy land is planted rhodiola root on alpine sandy land, has the ecological value and economic worth concurrently, thus the object that has realized sustainability and administer northwest, river alpine sandy land.
Technical scheme of the present invention:
The invention provides a kind of method of utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering river the Northwest alpine sandy land, comprise the following steps:
A, build sand-protecting barrier: on river the Northwest alpine sandy land, adopt the conventional barrier mode of building to build sand-protecting barrier;
B, seed selection: selecting rhodiola root seedling or rhizome division propagation seedling is seedling, and described rhodiola root is rhodiola or narrow leaf rhodiola root,
For seedling: seedling seedling raise period >=3 year, the diameter >=2cm of seedling seedling stem;
For rhizome division propagation seedling: rhodiola rhizome diameter >=2cm, rhizome length >=15cm; Narrow leaf rhodiola root seedling diameter >=8cm;
C, plant: adopt cultivation mode in cave to transplant on northwest, the river alpine sandy land that is provided with sand-protecting barrier selected b step seedling, under sand ground, be embedded with fertilizer, and plant in the fall; After plantation, inwardly earth up from surrounding with fine earth, blinding should exceed terminal bud 5~8cm; Wherein, plantation amount be 4200-6000 plant/acre; Described fertilizer is taking fertilizer as main, and inorganic fertilizer is auxiliary, and Rate of Organic Fertilizer is 3000~5000kg/ mu;
D, management:
(1) fertilising: spray fertilizer, a year 1~2 time; Wherein fertilizer is inorganic fertilizer, and its fertilizing amount is: nitrogen: with ureometer, and 2kg/ mu; Potassium phosphorus: in potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2kg/ mu; Fertilizer concentration is 0.5~1wt%;
(2) extermination of disease and insect pest: prevent and treat root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, aphid, the plague of rats;
E, seed collecting: grow 5 years afterwards collect seed, when seed collecting every clump pluck its 1/3~2/3.
Wherein, the mode that builds in a step is: taking plateau red building as material, the biological sand-protecting barrier of high vertical or half implicit expression is set; High vertical sand barrier is arranged on top of sand dune windward side and wind erosion nest, and setting party is to vertical with prevailing wind direction; Half implicit expression sand-protecting barrier is arranged on Degenerated mound lee face and the mild place of physical features.
Further, while building sand-protecting barrier, plateau red building adopts brachyplast cuttage and seedling culture, carries out sand-protecting barrier build with the material of seedling age >=2 year.
Further, the planting system of plateau red building is: take cave method for planting, plateau red building transplant before with growth-promoting root timber material (indolebutyric acid potassium) processing (soaking plateau red building base portion 0.5-1 hour with indolebutyric acid potassium 200-00ppm), transplant strain spacing 2~4m, size and the degree of depth in cave are slightly larger than seedling root; While planting, after the half of banketing, carry seedling and tread, then banket and tread, be finally covered with loosened soil; Wherein, moderate deteriorate grassland plantation amount should be 60~160 plants/acre, and plantation amount in heavy-degraded meadow should be 200~600 plants/acre.
In step b, described rhodiola root is preferably narrow leaf rhodiola root.
In step b, seedling selects that build is large, luxuriant large and full and healthy and strong, anosis, the seedling that has no mechanical damage of bud; Rhizome division propagation seedling is selected without damage by disease and insect, the undamaged seedling of epidermis.
In step c, while planting, in the time that sand ground has other vegetation, plantation spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 35~40cm; In the time that sand ground does not have other vegetation, spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 30~35cm.
Preferably, in step c, plant the processing of the front employing of transplantation of seedlings thimerosal.
Concrete, the potassium permanganate solution that is 0.1-0.5% by seedling by concentration before transplanting soaks 20~30min.
The concentration of described thimerosal is preferably the potassium permanganate solution of 0.1-0.5%.
The inventive method has following beneficial effect:
The present invention's rhodiola root of successfully planting in high and cold area, northwest, river first, the survival rate of narrow leaf rhodiola root can reach more than 90%, and the survival rate of rhodiola can reach more than 70%.Because rhodiola root has certain economic worth, therefore successfully plant rhodiola root in river the Northwest, not only possess the ecological value, and possess economic worth, thereby realized the sustainability of administering northwest, river alpine sandy land.
Embodiment
The method that the invention provides the high and cold deteriorate grassland revegetation in northwest, a kind of river, comprises the following steps:
A, build sand-protecting barrier: on the high and cold deteriorate grassland in northwest, river, adopt the conventional barrier mode of building to make sand-protecting barrier;
B, seed selection: selecting rhodiola root seedling or rhizome division propagation seedling is seedling, wherein, seedling seedling raise period >=3 year, the diameter >=2cm of seedling stem; Rhizome division propagation: rhodiola rhizome diameter >=2cm, rhizome length >=15cm, answer >=8cm of narrow leaf rhodiola root lumps seedling diameter; Due to factors such as the specific soil environment in high and cold area, northwest, river, climatic environments, it has certain selectivity to seedling, be not that all rhodiola root seedlings are all adapted at the plantation of high and cold area, northwest, river, need seedling raise period >=3 year through exploration discovery seedling, the diameter >=2cm of seedling stem; Rhizome division propagation: rhodiola rhizome diameter >=2cm, rhizome length >=15cm, answer >=8cm of narrow leaf rhodiola root lumps seedling diameter;
6, between August, in the time of fine day, sand ground surface temperature reaches as high as more than 56 DEG C, if seedling is too small, seedling can be dried in sand ground and withered, could be in sand ground while only having seedling stem to reach enough greatly normal growth.Find through test: the diameter of seedling stem is less than 2cm survival rate all lower than 40%, and the diameter of seedling stem is greater than 2cm survival rate all higher than 70%;
C, plant: adopt cultivation mode in cave to transplant on northwest, the river alpine sandy land that is provided with sand-protecting barrier selected b step seedling, be embedded with fertilizer, and plant in the fall under sand ground, after plantation, inwardly earth up from surrounding with fine earth, blinding should exceed terminal bud 5~8cm; Wherein, plantation amount is 5000-6000 plant/acre, and fertilizer is farmyard manure, and fertilizer amount is for being greater than 3 tons/mu; While planting according to land occupation condition the setting condition of planting, in the time that sand ground has other vegetation, spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, line-spacing 35~40cm; In the time that sand ground does not have other vegetation, spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, line-spacing 30~35cm; Farmyard manure of a great variety and source are wide, quantity is large, are convenient to gather materials on the spot, and use on the spot, and cost is also lower; Farmyard manure is organic manure, is characterized in that contained nutriment is more comprehensive, and it not only contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, but also contains calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron and some trace elements;
D, management:
(1) fertilising: spray fertilizer, a year 1~2 time; Wherein fertilizer is inorganic fertilizer: nitrogen (in ureometer) 2kg/ mu, potassium phosphorus (with potassium dihydrogen phosphate) 2kg/ mu, and available water is converted into 0.5~1% concentration and is sprayed;
(2) extermination of disease and insect pest: prevent and treat root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, aphid, the plague of rats;
E, seed collecting: grow and collect seed afterwards for 5 years, when seed collecting, pluck its 1/3~2/3, one strain rhodiola root and be grown to many clumps after surviving for every clump, when harvesting, only need pluck every clump 1/3-2/3; Remaining continued growth, thus realize sustainability growth.
Wherein, the mode that builds in a step is: taking plateau red building as material, the biological sand-protecting barrier of high vertical or half implicit expression is set; High vertical sand barrier is arranged on the place of the inclement condition such as top of sand dune windward side and wind erosion nest, and setting party is to vertical with prevailing wind direction; Half implicit expression sand-protecting barrier is arranged on Degenerated mound lee face and the mild place of relative relief.
Further, while building sand-protecting barrier, plateau red building adopts brachyplast cuttage and seedling culture, carries out sand-protecting barrier build with the material of seedling age >=2 year.
Further, the planting system of plateau red building is: take cave method for planting, plateau red building is used growth-promoting root material processed before transplanting, transplant strain spacing 2~4m, and size and the degree of depth in cave are slightly larger than seedling root; While planting, seedling is dry to be wanted vertically, and root system will be unfolded, and the depth is wanted suitably, to carry seedling and tread, then banket and tread after the half of banketing, and is finally covered with loosened soil; And moderate deteriorate grassland plantation amount should be 60~160 plants/acre, plantation amount in heavy-degraded meadow should be 200~600 plants/acre.
In step b, seedling selects that build is large, luxuriant large and full and healthy and strong, anosis, the seedling that has no mechanical damage of bud; Rhizome division propagation seedling is selected without damage by disease and insect, the undamaged seedling of epidermis.
Rhizome division propagation seedling refers to first seedling be put in the sun and shone half a day to 1 day, reject in spite of illness and without the rhodiola root of eye, then the whole strain seedling of rhodiola root is cut, make every rhizome seedling retain 2~3 eyes, long answer >=the 15cm of rhodiola root, answer >=8cm of narrow leaf rhodiola root lumps seedling diameter.
Rhodiola root of the present invention only limits to transplant autumn.
In step c, should evenly plant, every cave plants a seedling, ditch depth 7~10cm, and the seedling that grows directly from seeds uprightly enters cave, and rhizome division propagation seedling keeps flat into cave.All ensure root system spread apart, bud upwards.After plantation, inwardly earth up from surrounding with fine earth, blinding should exceed terminal bud 5~8cm.Transplant autumn, and blinding should suitably be thickeied, in order to cold-proof and prevent lifting by frost phenomenon.
In the present invention, administer northwest, river alpine sandy land in order to realize sustainability, in the selection of kind, must have economic benefit and ecological benefits concurrently, finally creatively select rhodiola root to recover vegetation as sand ground.But, be disclosed cultivation method in 200810304937.2 patents if still adopt the patent No., can not successfully cultivate rhodiola root in high and cold area, northwest, river.May be due to the factor such as soil environment, climatic environment difference, selectivity, rhodiola root plantation condition and managerial requirement to seedling are all not identical.The present patent application people passes through creative work in large quantities, has explored the method at high and cold area, northwest, river cultivation rhodiola root, has realized sustainability and has administered northwest, river alpine sandy land.
More specifically detailed description of non-limiting embodiment below, will contribute to understanding of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the examples, and protection scope of the present invention is decided by claim.
The narrow leaf rhodiola root of embodiment 1 is in the plantation of the western alpine sandy land in river
Below by specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, and the improvement method of northwest, river alpine sandy land, comprises the following steps:
1, recover ground and confirm the main flow process of recovering: the build → revegetation of exploration → fence-building → sand-protecting barrier; Grassland degeneration grade classification is pressed GB19377-2003 and is carried out:
1.1 explorations: select the alpine sandy land of moderate, heavy-degraded, the relevant essential informations such as exploration geographical position, grassland types, plantation area, formulate overall restoration of the ecosystem and revegetation planning;
1.2 fence-buildings: fence-building carries out all can before and after planting; Fence quality and set up with reference to the regulation of JB/T51068-1999, NY/T 1237-2006 and carry out;
1.3 build sand-protecting barrier:
Build mode: taking plateau red building as material, the biological sand-protecting barrier of high vertical or half implicit expression is set; High vertical sand barrier is mainly arranged on the place of top of sand dune windward side and inclement conditions such as wind erosion nest etc., and setting party is to should be vertical with prevailing wind direction; Half implicit expression sand-protecting barrier is mainly arranged on Degenerated mound lee face and the mild place of relative relief;
Build material requirements: plateau red building adopts brachyplast cuttage and seedling culture, carry out sand-protecting barrier with the material of seedling age >=2 year and build;
Planting system: take cave method for planting, plateau red building is applied growth-promoting root material processed (soaking plateau red building base portion 0.5~1 hour with indolebutyric acid potassium 200-00ppm) before transplanting, transplant strain spacing 2~4m, the size in cave and the degree of depth should be slightly larger than seedling root; While planting, seedling is dry to be wanted vertically, and root system will be unfolded, and the depth is wanted suitably, to carry seedling and tread, then banket and tread after the half of banketing, and is finally covered with loosened soil;
Build density requirements: moderate deteriorate grassland plantation amount should be 60~160 plants/acre, plantation amount in heavy-degraded meadow should be 200~600 plants/acre.
2, seed selection: select the narrow leaf rhodiola root of Crassulaceae rhodiola as the kind of planting of administering high and cold Degraded Sandy;
2.1 seedlings are selected and are processed
Rhodiola root seedling divides seedling and division propagation seedling.
A) seedling: growing seedlings after 3 years, the diameter stem >=2cm of seedling can transplant; Seedling by size, bud bud, healthy and strong situation classification; Large and the full and healthy and strong person of build maximum, bud bud is excellent; Build is medium, the luxuriant full and healthy and strong person of bud is good; Anosis, have no mechanical damage, the full real person of bud bud is eligible; Be in addition substandard products, do not advocate use;
B) rhizome division propagation seedling: first seedling is put in the sun and is shone half a day to 1 day, reject in spite of illness and without the rhodiola root of eye, then the whole strain seedling of rhodiola root is cut, narrow leaf rhodiola root lumps seedling diameter should >=8cm; Must make every rhizome seedling retain 2~3 eyes, ensure that selected seedling is without damage by disease and insect, epidermis not damaged as far as possible;
2.2 plant the time: plant autumn;
2.3 seedling processing: soak 20~30min to seed and seedling disinfection with the potassium permanganate solution of 0.1-0.5% before transplanting;
3, cultivation:
3.1 method for planting: take cave cultivating method: line-spacing 40cm, spacing in the rows 35cm, every 667 ㎡ plant 5000 strain left and right; Evenly plantation, every cave plants a seedling, and the seedling that grows directly from seeds uprightly enters cave, and rhizome plant division keeps flat into cave, all ensures root system spread apart, bud upwards; After plantation, inwardly earth up from surrounding with fine earth, blinding should exceed terminal bud 5~8cm, and transplant autumn; While planting, in the time that sand ground has other vegetation, plantation spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 35~40cm; In the time that sand ground does not have other vegetation, spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 30~35cm; While planting, under sand ground, be embedded with fertilizer; Described fertilizer is taking fertilizer as main, and inorganic fertilizer is auxiliary, and Rate of Organic Fertilizer is 3000~5000kg/ mu;
4 recover ground management and safeguard
4.1 irrigate: after plantation, water in good time and irrigate planting, can carry out with reference to the pertinent regulations of SL 334-2005;
4.2 fertilisings: spray fertilizer, 1 year 1~2 time; Wherein fertilizer is inorganic fertilizer, and its fertilizing amount is: nitrogen (with ureometer), 2kg/ mu; Potassium phosphorus (in potassium dihydrogen phosphate), 2kg/ mu; Fertilizer concentration is weight percentage 0.5~1%; The use of fertilizer should meet the regulation of DB51/338;
4.3 fill the gaps with seedlings: after planting, lack the dead seedling of nest as found, should carry out after-culture to sand-protecting barrier and rhodiola root in time, ensure that seedling is complete;
4.4 implement the management of fence fencing, carry out with reference to the regulation of NY/T 1176-2006;
4.5 integrated control mouse insect pests, carry out with reference to the regulation of NY/T 1240-2006.
Adopt the embodiment 1 method rhodiola root of successfully planting in high and cold area, northwest, river first, the survival rate of narrow leaf rhodiola root can reach more than 90%.
Embodiment 2 rhodiolas are in the plantation of the western alpine sandy land in river
Only selection kind is different to some extent from embodiment 1 for embodiment 2, uses rhodiola in the present embodiment, and in the time that rhizome division propagation seedling is chosen, while selecting rhodiola, rhizome diameter >=2cm, rhizome length >=15cm.All the other steps are all identical with embodiment 1, adopt the embodiment 2 methods rhodiola root of successfully planting in high and cold area, northwest, river first, and the survival rate of rhodiola can reach more than 70%.
Comparative example a kind is different different with cultivation method
We initially attempt planting on high and cold area, northwest, river saline cistanche and Radix Glycyrrhizae, but all do not survive.This is to be mainly all grown in the continental arid in temperate zone and semi-arid climate area due to saline cistanche and Radix Glycyrrhizae, and this area's height above sea level is lower, and winter, cold was very long, spring and summer boundary line fuzzy, summer is very brief, temperature is high, autumn, cooling was fast; Annual precipitation is below 400 millimeters.Average temperature of the whole year between 4~14 DEG C, sunshine abundance.Completely different from northwest, river arid area climatic characteristic, particularly the rainfall of northwest, river arid area and severe winter very unfavorable to saline cistanche and growth of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, occur a large amount of rotten summer, is difficult to winter survive the winter smoothly.
In experiment, we have carried out the sand ground plantation of little Cong rhodiola root, rose-red red-spotted stonecrop etc., through experiment, little Cong rhodiola root is all dead (survival rate is less than 5% then) substantially, and rose-red red-spotted stonecrop cannot normally be survived the winter (Second Year spring germination rate is less than 5%).
In addition, in the present invention, be disclosed cultivation method in 200810304937.2 patents if still adopt the patent No., can not successfully cultivate rhodiola root in high and cold area, northwest, river; May be due to the factor such as soil environment, climatic environment difference, selectivity, rhodiola root plantation condition and managerial requirement to seedling are all not identical.
Comparative example 2 seedling requirements
6 between August, in the time of fine day, sand ground surface temperature reaches as high as more than 56 DEG C, if seedling is too small (when the diameter < 2cm of seedling seedling raise period < 3 years, seedling stem or rhizome division propagation seedling are selected rhodiola, rhizome diameter < 2cm, the long < 15cm of rhizome; While selecting narrow leaf rhodiola root, when rhizome division propagation seedling diameter < 8cm), seedling can be dried in sand ground and withered, could be in sand ground while only having seedling stem to reach enough greatly normal growth.Find through test: the diameter of seedling stem is less than 2cm survival rate all lower than 40%, and the diameter of seedling stem is greater than 2cm survival rate all higher than 70%.

Claims (9)

1. the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
A, build sand-protecting barrier: on river the Northwest alpine sandy land, adopt the conventional barrier mode of building to build sand-protecting barrier;
B, seed selection: selecting rhodiola root seedling or rhizome division propagation seedling is seedling, and described rhodiola root is rhodiola or narrow leaf rhodiola root,
For seedling: seedling seedling raise period >=3 year, the diameter >=2cm of seedling seedling stem;
For rhizome division propagation seedling: rhodiola rhizome diameter >=2cm, rhizome length >=15cm; Narrow leaf rhodiola root seedling diameter >=8cm;
C, plant: adopt cultivation mode in cave to transplant on northwest, the river alpine sandy land that is provided with sand-protecting barrier selected b step seedling, under sand ground, be embedded with fertilizer, and plant in the fall; After plantation, inwardly earth up from surrounding with fine earth, blinding exceedes terminal bud 5~8cm; Wherein, plantation amount be 4200-6000 plant/acre; Described fertilizer is taking fertilizer as main, and inorganic fertilizer is auxiliary, Rate of Organic Fertilizer 3000~5000kg/ mu;
D, management:
(1) fertilising: spray fertilizer, a year 1~2 time; Wherein fertilizer is inorganic fertilizer, and its fertilizing amount is: nitrogen: with ureometer, and 2kg/ mu; Potassium phosphorus: in potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2kg/ mu; Fertilizer concentration is 0.5~1wt%;
(2) extermination of disease and insect pest: prevent and treat root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, aphid, the plague of rats;
E, seed collecting: grow 5 years afterwards collect seed, when seed collecting every clump pluck its 1/3~2/3.
2. the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the mode that builds sand-protecting barrier in step a is: taking plateau red building as material, the biological sand-protecting barrier of high vertical or half implicit expression is set; High vertical sand barrier is arranged on top of sand dune windward side and wind erosion nest, and setting party is to vertical with prevailing wind direction; Half implicit expression sand-protecting barrier is arranged on Degenerated mound lee face and the mild place of physical features.
3. the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land according to claim 2, is characterized in that, while building sand-protecting barrier, plateau red building adopts brachyplast cuttage and seedling culture, carries out sand-protecting barrier build with the material of seedling age >=2 year.
4. according to the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land described in claim 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, the planting system of plateau red building is: take cave to plant method for planting, plateau red building is used growth-promoting root material processed before transplanting, transplant strain spacing 2~4m, size and the degree of depth in cave are greater than seedling root; While planting, after the half of banketing, carry seedling and tread, then banket and tread, be finally covered with loosened soil; Wherein, moderate Degraded Sandy plantation amount is 60~160 plants/acre, and heavy-degraded sand ground plantation amount is 200~600 plants/acre; Described growth-promoting root timber material is indolebutyric acid potassium, describedly refers to soak plateau red building base portion 0.5~1 hour with indolebutyric acid potassium 200-00ppm with the processing of growth-promoting root.
5. according to the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land described in claim 1~4 any one, it is characterized in that, in step b, described rhodiola root is narrow leaf rhodiola root.
6. according to the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land described in claim 1~5 any one, it is characterized in that, in step b, seedling selects that build is large, luxuriant large and full and healthy and strong, anosis, the seedling that has no mechanical damage of bud; Rhizome division propagation seedling is selected without damage by disease and insect, the undamaged seedling of epidermis.
7. according to the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land described in claim 1~6 any one, it is characterized in that, in step c, while planting, in the time that sand ground has other vegetation, plantation spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 35~40cm; In the time that sand ground does not have other vegetation, spacing in the rows is 30~35cm, and line-spacing is 30~35cm.
8. according to the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land described in claim 1~7 any one, it is characterized in that, before planting transplantation of seedlings in step c, adopt thimerosal processing, described thimerosal is that concentration is the potassium permanganate solution of 0.1-0.5wt%.
9. the method for utilizing rhodiola root sustainability and administering northwest, river alpine sandy land according to claim 8, is characterized in that, adopts the method for thimerosal processing to be before planting transplantation of seedlings: seedling potassium permanganate solution is soaked to 20~30min.
CN201410427173.1A 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Administer the method for North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land with utilizing rhodiola root sustainability Active CN104145691B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410427173.1A CN104145691B (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Administer the method for North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land with utilizing rhodiola root sustainability

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410427173.1A CN104145691B (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Administer the method for North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land with utilizing rhodiola root sustainability

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104145691A true CN104145691A (en) 2014-11-19
CN104145691B CN104145691B (en) 2016-01-27

Family

ID=51871499

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410427173.1A Active CN104145691B (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Administer the method for North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land with utilizing rhodiola root sustainability

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104145691B (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104718838A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-24 四川农业大学 Alpine desertificated land restoring method with barley
CN105638218A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-08 成都艾比科生物科技有限公司 Method for governing alpine meadow desertification through rhodiola rosea
CN105756032A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 阿坝藏族羌族自治州林业科学技术研究所 Sand land desertification control method
CN106171476A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-07 四川省草原科学研究院 Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim. field method for culturing seedlings
CN106561229A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-04-19 中国科学院植物研究所 Cultivation method increasing content of effective components of rhodiola crenulata
CN108307941A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-07-24 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Sow to a kind of flat sand for administering sand ground the method and plant on sand land method of plant

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101228828A (en) * 2008-02-20 2008-07-30 延边长白山红景天种植有限公司 Culture technic of introducing rhodiola rosea to low elevation
CN101946709A (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-01-19 西藏自治区农牧科学院 Seedling raising method of plateau rhodiola crenulata
CN102428810A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 杜品 Breeding method of Rhodiola kirilowii
CN103181270A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 拉萨嘉国生物科技有限公司 Method for manually culturing rhodiola rosea in high-altitude area
CN103875431A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-06-25 付胜国 Method for cultivation of improved variety of rhodiola sachalinensis in low-altitude plain area

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101228828A (en) * 2008-02-20 2008-07-30 延边长白山红景天种植有限公司 Culture technic of introducing rhodiola rosea to low elevation
CN101946709A (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-01-19 西藏自治区农牧科学院 Seedling raising method of plateau rhodiola crenulata
CN102428810A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-05-02 杜品 Breeding method of Rhodiola kirilowii
CN103181270A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 拉萨嘉国生物科技有限公司 Method for manually culturing rhodiola rosea in high-altitude area
CN103875431A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-06-25 付胜国 Method for cultivation of improved variety of rhodiola sachalinensis in low-altitude plain area

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
戴良先: "川西高原红景天产业化开发的思考", 《四川草原》 *
杨斌等: "四川红景天资源利用现状及对策研究", 《四川农业科技》 *
秦佳梅等: "红景天开发及人工种植", 《北京农业》 *

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104718838A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-24 四川农业大学 Alpine desertificated land restoring method with barley
CN105638218A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-08 成都艾比科生物科技有限公司 Method for governing alpine meadow desertification through rhodiola rosea
CN105756032A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 阿坝藏族羌族自治州林业科学技术研究所 Sand land desertification control method
CN106171476A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-07 四川省草原科学研究院 Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim. field method for culturing seedlings
CN106171476B (en) * 2016-08-09 2019-12-20 四川省草原科学研究院 Rhodiola kirilowii field seedling culture method
CN106561229A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-04-19 中国科学院植物研究所 Cultivation method increasing content of effective components of rhodiola crenulata
CN108307941A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-07-24 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Sow to a kind of flat sand for administering sand ground the method and plant on sand land method of plant

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104145691B (en) 2016-01-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104145691B (en) Administer the method for North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land with utilizing rhodiola root sustainability
CN105210612B (en) A kind of nursery of root of kudzu vine and implantation methods
Baig et al. Making rainfed agriculture sustainable through environmental friendly technologies in Pakistan: A review
CN103988702B (en) A kind of tea shoot black plastic mulching cultural method
Fisher An alternative plastic mulching system for improved water management in dryland maize production
CN105230273B (en) A kind of implantation methods of the root of kudzu vine
CN102498779A (en) Combined cultivation method for water and soil conservation for sloping farmlands
CN104206140B (en) The cultural method of gold silver grass 2
CN102771278A (en) Edible Manshuihe lily high yield cultivating technology
CN107616053A (en) A kind of oil tea implantation methods
CN103718816B (en) Method for planting oleaster afforestation forest in saline and alkaline land
CN109042125B (en) Method for rapidly restoring returned-to-wet field land into scripus orientalis wetland
Sharma et al. In salt-affected soils agroforestry is a promising option
Yang et al. Soil water threshold for the growth of Haloxylon ammodendron in the Ulan Buh desert in arid northwest China
CN106857145A (en) A kind of Leaf-harvesting Ginkgo section fertilizer exempts careless cultural method
CN104230584A (en) Garden soil improver and garden soil improving method
CN109622610A (en) Heavy metal pollution of soil plant restoration method
CN104145726A (en) Method for cultivating and planting Mongolia dragon spruce in Sinkiang plain terrain
CN108040730A (en) A kind of North-West Sichuan alpine sandy land sea-buckthorn method for planting
CN107047047A (en) A kind of oil plantation breeding method of tree peony
CN106817945A (en) The method that South Sinkiang oasis water head site periphery desert quickly becomes good farmland
CN107318418A (en) A kind of Subalpine region arid area artificial pasture planting and establishing method
CN106212189A (en) A kind of method that Arundo donax is planted at saline and alkaline desert Land Size
CN106047361A (en) Method for conducting original soil greening on slight alkaline land through humic acid water retaining agent
Mishra et al. Techniques of orchard establishment in arid and semi-arid regions

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant