CN104145170A - Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine having integrated software controls - Google Patents

Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine having integrated software controls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104145170A
CN104145170A CN 201380010448 CN201380010448A CN104145170A CN 104145170 A CN104145170 A CN 104145170A CN 201380010448 CN201380010448 CN 201380010448 CN 201380010448 A CN201380010448 A CN 201380010448A CN 104145170 A CN104145170 A CN 104145170A
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China
Prior art keywords
aacmm
diagnostic
calibration
process
display
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CN 201380010448
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
保罗·C·阿特韦尔
克拉克·H·布里格斯
伯纳姆·斯托克斯
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法罗技术股份有限公司
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Priority to US13/400,840 priority Critical patent/US8615893B2/en
Application filed by 法罗技术股份有限公司 filed Critical 法罗技术股份有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2013/022186 priority patent/WO2013126163A1/en
Publication of CN104145170A publication Critical patent/CN104145170A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/02Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness
    • G01B21/04Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness by measuring coordinates of points
    • G01B21/042Calibration or calibration artifacts
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/004Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring coordinates of points
    • G01B5/008Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring coordinates of points using coordinate measuring machines

Abstract

A method for performing a diagnostic or calibration procedure on a portable articulated arm coordinate measurement machine (AACMM). The AACMM includes a manually positionable articulated arm portion having opposed first and second ends, the arm portion including a plurality of connected arm segments, each of the arm segments including at least one position transducer for producing position signals. The AACMM also includes an electronic circuit having a self-contained operating environment that includes a user interface application and a display device in communication with the user interface application. In addition, a measurement device is attached to the first end of the AACMM. The user interface application and display device are configured to facilitate performing and displaying results of a diagnostic or calibration procedure on the AACMM.

Description

具有集成软件控制的便携式关节臂坐标测量机 The portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine with an integrated software controlled

[0001] 相关申请的交叉引用 CROSS [0001] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请是于2011年1月14日提交的美国专利申请第13/006, 484号的部分继续申请,该美国专利申请又要求于2010年1月20日提交的临时申请第61/296,555号的权益,其内容通过引用全部合并到本文中。 [0002] This application is a US patent application on January 14, 2011, filed on 13/006, No. 484 continues to apply part of the US patent applications and provisional application on January 20, 2010 No. 61 / No. interests of 296,555, which is incorporated by reference in their entirety incorporated herein. 本申请还要求于2011年1月14日提交的美国专利申请第13/006503号的权益,该美国专利申请又要求临时申请第61/296, 555号的权益, 其内容通过引用全部合并到本文中。 This application also claims the benefit of US Patent No. 13/006503 filed on January 14, 2011, filed the US patent application also requested provisional application No. 61/296, equity No. 555, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in its entirety in. 本申请还要求于2011年1月14日提交的美国专利申请第13/006455号的权益,该美国专利申请又要求临时申请第61/296, 555号的权益,其内容通过引用全部合并到本文中。 This application also claims the benefit of US Patent No. 13/006455 filed on January 14, 2011, filed the US patent application also requested provisional application No. 61/296, equity No. 555, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in its entirety in.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 本公开内容涉及坐标测量机,并且更具体地涉及具有集成软件控制的便携式关节臂坐标测量机。 [0003] The present disclosure relates to a coordinate measuring machine, and, more particularly, to a portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine with an integrated software controlled.

[0004] 已经发现便携式关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM)广泛用于零件的制造或生产,其中, 在零件的制造或生产(例如,机械加工)的各个阶段期间需要快速且精确地检验零件的尺寸。 [0004] It has been found that a portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine (the AACMM) are widely used in manufacture or production of parts, wherein, during the various stages of manufacture or production of parts (e.g., machined) needs to quickly and accurately test the size of the parts . 便携式AACMM代表对已知的、静止或固定的、成本高的且相对难以使用测量装置--特别是在对相对复杂的零件执行尺寸测量所花费的时间量方面--的巨大改进。 Portable AACMM known representatives, stationary or fixed, high cost and relatively difficult to use a measuring device - vastly improved - particularly with regard to the amount of time it takes to measure the size of the relatively complex parts. 通常,便携式AACMM的用户仅仅沿着要测量的零件或物体的表面引导探针。 Typically, only the user of the portable guide AACMM probe along the surface to be measured of the object or part. 然后,测量数据被记录并提供给用户。 Then, measurement data are recorded and provided to the user. 在一些情况下,数据以可视形式--例如计算机屏幕上的三维(3-D)形式-- 提供给用户。 In some cases, data in a visual form - for example, a three-dimensional (3-D) on the computer screen in the form of - provided to the user. 在其他情况下,数据以数值形式提供给用户,例如,当测量孔的直径时,在计算机屏幕上显示文本"直径=1.0034"。 In other cases, data provided to the user in numerical form, e.g., when measuring the diameter of the hole, the text "Diameter = 1.0034" on a computer screen.

[0005] 在共同转让的美国专利第5, 402, 582号('582)中公开了现有技术的便携式关节臂CMM的示例,其全部内容通过引用合并于此。 [0005] discloses an example of a portable articulated arm CMM in the prior art commonly assigned U.S. Patent No. 5, 402, number ( '582) 582, incorporated herein in its entirety by reference. '582专利公开了一种3-D测量系统,该3-D 测量系统包括在一端具有支撑基座而在另一端具有测量探针的手动操作的关节臂CMM。 '582 patent discloses a 3-D measurement system, the 3-D measurement system comprises a support having a base at one end and having a manually operable articulated arm CMM measuring probe at the other end. 共同转让的美国专利第5, 611,147号('147)--其全部内容通过引用合并于此--公开了一种类似的关节臂CMM。 U.S. Patent No. 5, No. 611,147 commonly assigned ( '147) - in its entirety by reference herein - discloses a similar articulated arm CMM. 在'147专利中,关节臂CMM包括若干特征,这些特征包括在探针端处的附加旋转轴,由此提供具有二-二-二或者二-二-三轴配置的臂(具有二-二-三轴配置的臂为七轴臂)。 In the '147 patent, the articulated arm CMM comprises several features which include additional rotational axis at the probe end, thereby providing a two - two - two or di - di - arm triaxial configuration (with two - two - three-axis arm arranged to seven-axis arm).

[0006] 当前的便携式AACMM需要连接至外部计算机例如膝上型电脑,以根据由AACMM收集的原始测量数据来计算位置数据。 [0006] Current portable AACMM need to be connected to an external computer such as a laptop, to calculate the raw measurement data collected by the position data AACMM. 此外,外部计算机还提供了用户界面应用,以允许操作者向AACMM发出指令。 Furthermore, the external computer further application provides a user interface to allow an operator to issue instructions to AACMM. 因此,AACMM需要具有支持与各种操作系统(和操作系统级别) 通信的驱动器。 Thus, AACMM drive support is required to have various operating systems (and the operating system level) to communicate. 此外,因为包括与便携式AACMM功能不相关的那些其他应用也可能在外部计算机上执行并且可能会影响便携式AACMM功能,所以故障诊断常常是困难的。 In addition, it may be performed because the application does not include those associated with other portable AACMM function on an external computer and portable AACMM may affect the function, so the fault diagnosis is often difficult. 虽然当前AACMM适合它们的预期目的,但是期望的是,使由与便携式AACMM结合来执行测量功能的外部计算机的使用引入的变异量降低。 Although the current AACMM suitable for their intended purposes, it is desirable that the amount of variability introduced by the use of an external computer in conjunction with a portable measurement function to perform AACMM reduced.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 实施方式是一种用于对关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM)执行诊断或校准过程的方法。 [0007] embodiment is a method for performing a diagnostic or calibration of the articulated arm coordinate measuring machine (the AACMM) is used. 所述方法包括提供AACMM。 The method includes providing a AACMM. 所述AACMM包括具有相对的第一端和第二端的能够手动定位的关节臂部分,并且所述臂部分包括多个连接的臂段。 The AACMM comprises an articulated arm portion can be manually positioned opposite first and second ends, and said arm portion includes a plurality of arm segments connected. 所述臂段中的每个臂段包括至少一个用于产生位置信号的位置检测器。 Each arm segment of said arm segment comprises at least one position detector for generating a position signal. 提供附接到所述AACMM的第一端的测量装置。 Providing a first measuring means attached to the end of AACMM. 此外,在AACMM中提供电子电路。 Further, there is provided an electronic circuit in the AACMM. 所述电子电路包括处理器,并且所述电子电路被配置成从所述检测器接收位置信号并且提供与测量装置的位置相对应的数据。 The electronic circuit comprises a processor, and the electronic circuitry is configured to receive a position signal from the detector and provides the position measuring device corresponding to the data. 所述电子电路具有用于AACMM 的自足式操作环境,所述自足式操作环境包括用户界面应用。 The electronic circuit having a self-contained operating environment for the AACMM, the self-contained operating environment includes a user interface application. 还提供附接到AACMM的显示装置。 Also provides a display device is attached to the AACMM. 所述显示装置和所述电子电路是AACMM的组成部分,并且所述显示装置与用户界面应用进行通信。 Said display means and said electronic circuit is an integral part of AACMM, and the display device communicate with a user interface application. 在显示装置上显示多个选择,其中所述选择中的至少一个选择将会针对AACMM执行诊断或校准过程。 Displaying a plurality of selection on the display device, wherein said selecting at least one selection will AACMM for performing diagnostic or calibration. 基于来自操作者的输入来选择诊断或校准过程中之一。 Selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration based on input from an operator. 在显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息。 On the display device displays information for performing the procedure. 基于来自操作者的输入,执行所选择的诊断或校准过程,并且在显示装置上显示结果。 And displays the result on the display device based on the diagnostic or calibration process input from an operator, to perform the selected.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 现在参照附图,示出了示例性实施方式,所述示例性实施方式不应当被理解为限制关于本公开内容的整个范围,并且其中,在若干图中元件具有相同的标记: [0008] Referring now to the drawings, there is shown an exemplary embodiment, the exemplary embodiments should not be construed as limiting the full scope of the present disclosure on, and wherein, in the several views elements have the same numerals:

[0009] 包括图1A和1B的图1是具有本发明的各个方面的实施方式中的便携式关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM)的立体图; [0009] 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment comprising the present invention having various aspects of the portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine of FIGS. 1A and 1B (the AACMM) a;

[0010] 包括一并考虑的图2A至图2D的图2是用作根据实施方式的图1的AACMM的一部分的电子线路的框图; [0010] Taken together comprise FIG. 2A to 2D as a block diagram in FIG 2 is an electronic circuit portion of the embodiment of FIG AACMM 1 according;

[0011] 包括一并考虑的图3A和图3B的图3是说明根据实施方式的图2的电子数据处理系统的详细特征的框图; [0011] FIG 3A and 3B together comprise a detailed consideration of the characteristic 3 is a block electronic data processing system according to the embodiment of FIG. 2 of the description;

[0012] 图4是用于对根据实施方式的AACMM实施自足式操作环境的处理的流程图; [0012] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of processing a self-contained operating environment according to an embodiment of the embodiment for AACMM embodiment;

[0013] 图5是根据实施方式的当AACMM通电时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0013] FIG. 5 is presented to the operator when a user interface screen according to an embodiment of AACMM when energized;

[0014] 图6是根据实施方式的当执行零件设置时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0014] FIG 6 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen according to the embodiment when executing part is provided;

[0015] 图7是根据实施方式的当执行测量时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0015] FIG. 7 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen when performing measurements according to an embodiment;

[0016] 图8是当显示位置数据时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0016] FIG. 8 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen when the display position data;

[0017] 图9是根据实施方式的当检查特征时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0017] FIG. 9 is presented to the operator in accordance with a user interface screen when checking features of the embodiments;

[0018] 图10是根据实施方式的当管理AACMM上的文件时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏辱; [0018] FIG. 10 is a user interface screen presented to the operator according to the insult on the time when the file management AACMM embodiment;

[0019] 图11是根据实施方式的当管理AACMM上的设置时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏辱; [0019] FIG. 11 is a user interface screen presented to the operator according to the insult on the setting when the management AACMM embodiment;

[0020] 图12是根据实施方式的用于校验对AACMM的请求更新被授权的处理的流程图; [0020] FIG. 12 is a flowchart of a process according to the update request is authorized for the verification of an embodiment of AACMM;

[0021] 图13是根据实施方式的当执行诊断时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕; [0021] FIG. 13 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen when performing diagnostics according to embodiment;

[0022] 图14是根据实施方式的当执行校准时呈现给操作者的用户界面屏幕;以及 [0022] FIG. 14 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen when performing calibration according to the embodiment; and

[0023] 图15是根据实施方式的用于执行诊断或校准过程的处理的流程图。 [0023] FIG. 15 is a flowchart of diagnostic or calibration procedure is performed according to an embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024] 根据示例性实施方式提供了一种具有自足式操作环境的关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM)。 [0024] Providing an articulated arm coordinate measuring machine having a self-contained operating environment (the AACMM) according to an exemplary embodiment. 如本文中所用,术语"自足式操作环境"指的是AACMM是便携式的,其中执行测量所需的所有元件均位于便携式AACMM上(例如,在AACMM的壳体内)。 As used herein, the term "self-contained operating environment" refers to a portable AACMM, wherein all the elements required to perform measurements on a portable AACMM are located (e.g., within the housing AACMM). 这与需要膝上型电脑或其他处理装置来执行某些功能(例如,根据原始测量数据来计算位置数据)的AACMM形成对照。 This is in contrast with the need laptop or other processing device to perform certain functions (e.g., raw measurement data is calculated based on the position data) AACMM. 自足式AACMM可以由电池供电和/或插入到电源(例如120V交流电)中。 AACMM may be inserted into the self-contained battery-powered and / or to a power source (e.g., AC 120V) in. 在实施方式中,自足式AACMM以"信息亭模式"操作,其中AACMM上的软件被设计成执行一组支持功能,所述支持功能当AACMM通电时在用户界面屏幕中呈现给操作者。 In an embodiment, the self-contained AACMM a "kiosk", wherein the AACMM software is designed to execute a set of support functions, the support AACMM energized when presented to the operator in the user interface screen. 所述"信息亭模式" 提供专用且受控的环境,其中操作者不需要关注AACMM的操作环境(例如,操作系统、软件版本等)。 The "kiosk" dedicated and controlled environment, where the operator need not be concerned AACMM operating environments (e.g., operating system, software version, etc.). 另外,操作者不需要关注引进操作系统与加载特定软件的细微差别。 In addition, the operator need not be concerned with the nuances of the introduction of the operating system to load a specific software. 在实施方式中,当AACMM通电时,通过使用由AACMM提供的功能,用户界面屏幕被呈现给操作者以指导操作者。 In an embodiment, when energized AACMM, by using the function provided by AACMM, user interface screens are presented to the operator to guide the operator.

[0025] 图1A和图1B以立体方式示出了根据本发明的各种实施方式的便携式关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM) 100,关节臂是一种类型的坐标测量机。 [0025] FIGS. 1A and 1B in a perspective manner illustrating a portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machines of various embodiments of the present invention (AACMM) 100, a type of an articulated arm coordinate measuring machine. 如图1A和图1B所示,示例性AACMM 100可以包括六轴或七轴关节测量装置,该测量装置在一端处具有耦接至AACMM 100的臂部分104的测量探针壳体102。 1B and 1A, the exemplary AACMM 100 may comprise six or seven-axis joint axis measuring means, the measuring device having a measurement probe coupled to the arm portion 104 of the housing 102 AACMM 100 at one end. 臂部分104包括第一臂段106,第一臂段106通过第一组轴承盒110 (例如,两个轴承盒)耦接至第二臂段108。 Arm portion 104 includes a first arm section 106, a first arm segment 106 by a first set of bearing cartridge 110 (e.g., two bearing cartridge) coupled to the second arm segment 108. 第二组轴承盒112 (例如,两个轴承盒) 将第二臂段108耦接至测量探针壳体102。 A second set of bearing cartridge 112 (e.g., two bearing cartridge) of the second arm section 108 is coupled to the measurement probe housing 102. 第三组轴承盒114 (例如,三个轴承盒)将第一臂段106耦接至位于AACMM 100的臂部分104的另一端的基座116。 A third set of bearing cartridge 114 (e.g., three bearing cartridge) of the first arm segment 106 is coupled to the base of the other end of the arm portion 104 is positioned AACMM 100 116. 每组轴承盒110、112、 114都提供了多个关节移动轴。 Each bearing cartridge 110, 112, 114 are provided a plurality of moving axes joints. 此外,测量探针壳体102可以包括AACMM100的第七轴部分的轴(例如,在AACMM 100的第七轴中包含确定测量装置例如探针118和/或外围装置的移动的编码器系统的盒)。 Furthermore, the measurement probe 102 may include a shaft housing portion AACMM100 seventh shaft (e.g., in the seventh shaft AACMM 100 included in the measuring device is determined, for example, probe cartridge 118 and / or mobile encoder system peripheral device ). 在使用AACMM 100时,基座116通常固定到作业表面。 In use AACMM 100, the base 116 is generally fixed to the work surface.

[0026] 每个轴承盒组110、112、114中的每个轴承盒典型地包含编码器系统(例如,光学编码器系统)。 [0026] Each group bearing cartridge bearing cartridge 110, 112 each typically comprise an encoder system (e.g., an optical encoder system). 编码器系统(即检测器(transducer))提供各个臂段106、108和相应的轴承盒组110、112、114的位置的指示,所有这些一起提供探针118相对于基座116的位置指示(以及因而提供由AACMM 100测量的物体在特定参照系--例如局部参照系或全局参照系一一中的位置)。 The encoder system (i.e. the detector (Transducer)) 106, 108 and provide an indication of the position of the corresponding cartridge group 110, 112 of the respective bearing arm segment, with all of the probes provide an indication of the position 118 of the base 116 ( AACMM 100 and thus providing the measured object at a particular frame of reference - e.g. position) local or global frame of reference of the reference frame eleven. 臂段1〇6、108可以由合适的刚性材料制成,所述刚性材料例如是但不限于诸如碳复合材料。 1〇6,108 arm segments may be made of a suitable rigid material, said rigid material such as, but not limited to, composite materials such as carbon. 具有六个或七个关节移动轴(即自由度)的便携式AACMM 100提供以下优点:在提供可以由操作者容易地操作的臂部分104的同时,允许操作者将探针118定位在基座116周围的360°区域内的期望位置。 Portable AACMM joint having six or seven moving axis (i.e., degrees of freedom) 100 provides the following advantages: the arm portion 104 may be provided by the operator to easily operate the same time, allow the operator to probe 118 is positioned in the base 116 a desired position within the region around 360 °. 然而,应当理解的是,具有两个臂段106U08 的臂部分104的图示是为了示例性目的,而所要求保护的发明不应当限于此。 However, it should be appreciated that the arm portion 104 is illustrated having two arm segments 106U08 is for exemplary purposes, and the claimed invention should not be limited thereto. AACMM 100可以具有通过轴承盒耦接在一起的任意数量的臂段(以及因而具有多于或少于6个或7个关节移动轴或者自由度)。 AACMM 100 may have a bearing cartridge coupled together by any number of arm segments (and thus having more or less than six or seven degrees of freedom or movement axis joints).

[0027] 探针118可拆卸地安装至连接到轴承盒组112的测量探针壳体102。 [0027] The probe 118 is detachably mounted to the measurement probe housing 102 is connected to the group 112 of bearing cartridge. 柄126可经由例如快速连接接口相对于测量探针壳体102移除。 Handle 126 may be, for example, quick connect interface with respect to the measurement probe housing 102 removed via. 可以用另一种装置(例如激光线探针、 条形码阅读器)来替换柄126,从而提供允许操作者针对相同的AACMM 100使用不同的测量装置的优点。 You can use another apparatus (e.g., a laser line probe, a bar code reader) to replace the handle 126, thereby providing the advantage of allowing the operator to use for the same AACMM 100 different measuring apparatus. 在示例性实施方式中,探针壳体102容纳可移除的探针118,所述可移除的探针118是接触式测量装置并且可以具有不同的顶端118,所述顶端118物理地接触待测量物体,包括但不限于:球状型探针、触敏型探针、弯曲型探针以及伸展型探针。 In an exemplary embodiment, the probe housing 102 that houses a removable probe 118, the probe 118 is removable contact measurement apparatus and may have different tip 118, the tip 118 physically contacts object to be measured, including but not limited to: a spherical probe, touch-sensitive probe, and a probe extending curved probe. 在其他实施方式中,例如由非接触装置诸如激光线探针(LLP)执行测量。 In other embodiments, the measurements performed, for example such as a laser line probe (LLP) by a non-contact means. 在实施方式中,使用快速连接接口来用LLP替换柄126。 In an embodiment, a quick connect interface to handle 126 by replacing LLP. 其他类型的测量装置可以替换可移除的柄126以提供附加功能。 Other types of measuring devices may alternatively be removable handle 126 to provide additional functionality. 这样的测量装置的示例包括但不限于一个或多个照明灯、温度传感器、热扫描仪、条形码扫描仪、投影机、涂料喷雾器、相机等。 Examples of such measuring devices include, without limitation, one or more lights, temperature sensors, thermal scanners, bar code scanners, projectors, paint sprayers, camera or the like.

[0028] 如图1A和图1B所示,AACMM 100包括可移除的柄126,所述可移除的柄126提供了使得在无需将测量探针壳体102从轴承盒组112拆卸的情况下允许改变附件或功能的优点。 [0028] FIGS. 1A and 1B, AACMM 100 includes a removable handle 126, the removable handle 126 is provided such that the housing 102 need not be detached from the measurement probe bearing cartridge 112 in the case group the advantage of allowing attachment or to change the function. 如在下面关于图2更详细讨论的,可移除的柄126还可以包括电连接器,所述电连接器允许与柄126和位于探针端的相应电子装置交换电力和数据。 As discussed in more detail below with respect to Figure 2, the removable handle 126 may further include an electrical connector, said electrical connector to allow the stem 126 and corresponding electronic device is positioned in the probe end power and data exchange.

[0029] 在各种实施方式中,每组轴承盒110、112、114允许AACMM 100的臂部分104绕多个旋转轴移动。 [0029] In various embodiments, the bearing cartridge 110, 112, each portion 104 allows the arm 100 AACMM movement about a plurality of axes of rotation. 如所提到的,每个轴承盒组11〇、112、114包括相应的编码器系统如光学角度编码器,每个编码器系统与例如臂段106U08的相应旋转轴同轴排列。 As mentioned, each group bearing cartridge 11〇, 112, 114 includes a respective optical encoder system as angular encoders, each encoder system such as the corresponding rotation shaft arranged coaxially 106U08 the arm segment. 如在下面详细描述,光学编码器系统检测例如臂段106U08中的每个臂段绕着相应轴的旋转(回转)或横向(铰链)移动,并且向AACMM 100内的电子数据处理系统发送信号。 As described in detail below, the optical detector system, for example, each arm segment encoder 106U08 arm segment about a respective axis of rotation (swivel) or transverse (hinge) moves, and sends a signal to the electronic data processing system within 100 AACMM. 每个单独的原始编码器计数作为信号被分别传输到电子数据处理系统,在电子数据处理系统中进一步被处理成测量数据。 Each individual raw encoder count as the signals are transmitted to the electronic data processing system, it is further processed into the measurement data in an electronic data processing system. 不需要如在共同转让的美国专利第5, 402, 582号('582)所公开的与AACMM 100自身分离的位置计算器(例如串行盒)。 Not required as in commonly assigned U.S. Patent No. 5, 402, 582 ( '582) disclosed AACMM 100 with its own separate location calculator (e.g., serial box) in.

[0030] 基座116可以包括附接装置或安装装置120。 [0030] The base 116 may include attachment means or mounting means 120. 安装装置120允许AACMM 100可移除地安装至期望位置,例如检验台、加工中心、壁或地面。 Mounting device 120 allows AACMM 100 may be removably mounted to a desired position, for example test sets, processing center, a wall or floor. 在一种实施方式中,基座116包括柄部分122,该柄部分122为操作者提供便利的位置以在移动AACMM 100时握住基座116。 In one embodiment, the base portion 116 includes a shank 122, the shank portion 122 provides a convenient location for the operator to hold the base 116 when the mobile AACMM 100. 在一种实施方式中,基座116还包括可移动的盖部分124,该盖部分124向下折叠从而露出用户界面例如显示屏。 In one embodiment, the base 116 further includes a movable cover portion 124, the lid portion 124 is folded downwardly so as to expose, for example, a user interface display.

[0031] 根据实施方式,便携式AACMM 100的基座116包含或容纳电子数据处理系统,所述电子数据处理系统包括以下两个主要部件:基座处理系统,其处理来自AACMM 100内的各个编码器系统的数据以及表示其他臂参数的数据以支持三维(3-D)位置计算;以及用户界面处理系统,其包括板上操作系统、触摸屏显示器以及驻留应用软件,所述驻留应用软件允许在无需连接到外部计算机的情况下在AACMM 100内实现相对完整的计量功能。 [0031] According to an embodiment, the base 116 of the portable AACMM 100 comprises receiving electronic data processing system or an electronic data processing system includes the following two main components: a base a processing system that processes from the respective encoders within AACMM 100 the system data and data representing parameters of the other arm to support a three-dimensional (3-D) position calculation; and a user interface processing system, which includes on-board operating system, a touch screen display and a resident application software, the application software allows resident in without the case of connecting to an external computer implemented relatively complete metering functions within AACMM 100.

[0032] 基座116中的电子数据处理系统可以与远离基座116设置的编码器系统、传感器以及其他外围硬件(例如LLP,其可以安装至AACMM 100上的可移除的柄126)进行通信。 [0032] The electronic data processing system with base 116 may be disposed away from the base 116 of the encoder system, sensors and other peripheral hardware (e.g. LLP, which may be mounted to the removable handle 100 AACMM 126) in communication . 支持这些外围硬件装置或特征的电子装置可以位于便携式AACMM 100内的每个轴承盒组110、112、114 中。 The electronic device supports these peripheral hardware devices or features may be located at each of the bearing cartridge 100 within the group 110, 112 in the portable AACMM.

[0033] 图2是根据实施方式的在AACMM 100中使用的电子装置的框图。 [0033] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an electronic device used in the embodiment AACMM 100 in the embodiment. 图2所示的实施方式包括电子数据处理系统210,该电子数据处理系统210包括:用于实施基座处理系统的基座处理器板204、用户界面板202、用于提供电力的基座电源板206、蓝牙模块232以及基座倾斜板208。 Embodiment shown in FIG 2 comprises an electronic data processing system 210, the electronic data processing system 210 comprises: a processor for implementing the base plate of the base of the processing system 204, a user interface board 202 for providing a power supply base plate 206, a Bluetooth module 232 and the base plate 208 is inclined. 用户界面板202包括计算机处理器,该计算机处理器用于执行用户界面应用软件以执行本文中描述的用户界面、显示和其他功能。 The user interface board 202 includes a computer processor, the computer processor for executing a user interface application software to perform the user interface described herein, display, and other functions.

[0034] 如图2所示,电子数据处理系统210经由一个或多个臂总线218与前述的多个编码器系统进行通信。 [0034] As shown, the electronic data processing system 210 in communication via one or more arms 2 bus 218 and the plurality of the encoder system. 在图2所描绘的实施方式中,每个编码器系统均生成编码器数据,并且包括:编码器臂总线接口214、编码器数字信号处理器(DSP) 216、编码器读取头接口234以及温度传感器212。 In the embodiment depicted in FIG. 2, each encoder systems are generating encoded data, and comprising: an encoder arm bus interface 214, an encoder digital signal processor (DSP) 216, an encoder read head interface 234, and a temperature sensor 212. 诸如应变传感器的其他装置可以附接至臂总线218。 Other means, such as a strain sensor may be attached to the arm 218 bus.

[0035] 图2中还示出了与臂总线218通信的探针端电子装置230。 [0035] FIG 2 also shows a probe end 218 of electronic device 230 communication bus arm. 探针端电子装置230 包括探针端DSP 228、温度传感器212、柄/LLP接口总线240以及探针接口226,在实施方式中柄/LLP接口总线240经由快速连接接口与柄126或LLP 242连接。 The electronic device 230 includes a probe end probe end DSP 228, temperature sensor 212, the handle / LLP interface bus interface 226 and a probe 240, in an embodiment the handle / LLP interface bus 240 via a quick connect interface with the stem 126 connected or LLP 242 . 快速连接接口允许通过柄126接入到由LLP242和其他附件使用的数据总线、控制线以及电力总线。 Quick connect interface allows the access to the data bus 126 by the handle used by LLP242 and other accessories, and a power control bus lines. 在实施方式中,探针端电子装置230位于AACMM 100上的测量探针壳体102中。 In an embodiment, the electronic device 230 is located in the probe end AACMM measurement probe 100, 102 of the housing. 在实施方式中,可以从快速连接接口移除柄126,并且测量可以由经由柄/LLP接口总线240与AACMM 100的探针端电子装置230进行通信的激光线探针(LLP)242来执行。 In an embodiment, the interface can be removed from the quick-connect stem 126, and 242 may be performed by measuring LLP interface bus 240 laser line probe (LLP) communicating via a lever / and probe end 230 AACMM 100 of the electronic device. 在实施方式中,电子数据处理系统210位于AACMM 100的基座116中,探针端电子装置230位于AACMM 100的测量探针壳体102中,以及编码器系统位于轴承盒组110、112、114中。 In an embodiment, the electronic data processing system 210 is located AACMM base 116 100, the electronic device 230 is located in the probe end AACMM measurement probe 100 in the housing 102, and the encoder system groups 110, 112 of the bearing cartridge in. 探针接口226可以通过任何适合的通信协议与探针端DSP 228连接,通信协议包括可从美信公司(Maxim Integrated Products, Inc)商业购得的、实施1-线⑩:通信协议236的产品。 Probe interface 226 may be connected by any suitable communication protocol and the probe end DSP 228, including the communication protocol available from Maxim (Maxim Integrated Products, Inc) commercially available, 1- lines ⑩: 236 communication protocol products.

[0036] 图3是描述根据实施方式的AACMM 100的电子数据处理系统210的详细特征的框图。 [0036] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the detailed features AACMM embodiment 100 of the electronic data processing system 210 is described. 在实施方式中,电子数据处理系统210位于AACMM100的基座116中,并且包括基座处理器板204、用户界面板202、基座电源板206、蓝牙模块232以及基座倾斜模块208。 In an embodiment, the electronic data processing system 210 is located in the base 116 AACMM100, a processor and includes a base plate 204, a user interface board 202, the power supply base plate 206, a Bluetooth module 232 and a base tilt module 208.

[0037] 在图3所示的实施方式中,基座处理器板204包括其中所示的各个功能块。 [0037] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the base plate 204 includes a processor functional blocks shown therein. 例如, 基座处理器功能被用来支持对来自AACMM 100的测量数据的收集,并且经由臂总线218和总线控制模块功能308来接收原始臂数据(例如,编码器系统数据)。 For example, the base processor function is used to support the collection of the measurement data from AACMM 100, and arm 308 receives raw data (e.g., data encoder system) via bus 218 and bus control arm module functions. 存储器功能304存储程序和静态臂配置数据。 The memory 304 stores function configuration data and static arm. 基座处理器板204还包括用于与任何外部硬件装置或附件例如LLP242通信的外部硬件选项端口功能310。 The processor 204 further comprises a base plate with any external hardware devices for accessories such as an external hardware options or functions 310 LLP242 communication port. 在图3所描绘的基座处理器板204的实施方式中的功能中还包括实时时钟(RTC)与日志306、电池组接口(IF)316以及诊断端口318。 In the embodiment depicted in FIG. 3 of the base plate 204 in the processor function further comprising a real time clock (RTC) 306 and the log, the battery pack interface (IF) 316 and a diagnostic port 318.

[0038] 基座处理器板204还对与外部(主计算机)装置和内部(显示处理器202)装置的所有有线和无线数据通信进行管理。 [0038] The base processor board 204 also with an external (host computer) and an internal device (display processor 202) all wired and wireless data communication apparatus is managed. 基座处理器板204具有下述能力:经由以太网功能320 (例如,使用时钟同步标准例如电气和电子工程师协会(IEEE) 1588))与以太网通信,经由LAN功能322与无线局域网(WLAN)通信,以及经由并行-串行通信(PSC)功能314与蓝牙模块232通信。 The processor 204 of the base plate has the ability to: function 320 via Ethernet (e.g., clock synchronization using a standard such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 1588)) and Ethernet communication function via the LAN 322 and the wireless local area network (WLAN) communications, and via a parallel --232 communications serial communication (PSC) 314 and the Bluetooth module functions. 基座处理器板204还包括到通用串行总线(USB)装置312的连接。 The processor 204 of the base plate further comprises a Universal Serial Bus (USB) device 312 is connected.

[0039] 如在前述'582专利的串行盒中所公开的那样,基座处理器板204传输并收集原始测量数据(例如编码器系统计数、温度读数)用于处理成测量数据而无需任何预处理。 [0039] As the '582 patent such as disclosed in serial cartridge, transfer base processor board 204 and collects raw measurement data (e.g., encoder system counts, temperature readings) to measure data for processing without any pretreatment. 基座处理器204经由RS485接口(IF) 326将处理后的数据发送至用户界面板202上的显示处理器328。 Base processor 204 via the data transmission (IF) 326 RS485 interface to the process display processor 328 on the user interface board 202. 在实施方式中,基座处理器板204还将原始测量数据发送至外部计算机。 In an embodiment, the raw measurement data base 204 also transmits to an external computer processor board.

[0040] 现在转向图3中的用户界面板202,通过在显示处理器328上执行的应用程序来利用由基座处理器接收到的角度和位置数据以提供AACMM100内的自治计量系统。 [0040] Turning now to FIG. 3 in the user interface board 202, to utilize received by the base processor and the angular position data by the application program executing on processor 328 to provide a display system within the autonomous metering AACMM100. 可以在显示处理器328上执行应用程序以支持下述功能,这些功能例如但不限于:特征的测量、指导和训练图形、远程诊断、温度校正、各个操作特征的控制、连接至各个网络以及所测量对象的显示。 Application can be executed on a display processor 328 supports the following functions, these functions such as, but not limited to: measuring the characteristics of the graphics instruction and training, remote diagnostics, temperature correction, various features of the control operation, and are connected to the respective network shows the measured object. 连同显示处理器328和液晶显示器(IXD) 338 (例如触摸屏IXD)用户界面一起,用户界面板202还包括若干接口选项,这些接口选项包括安全数字(SD)卡接口330、存储器332、USB主机接口334、诊断端口336、相机端口340、音频/视频接口342、拨号/单元调制解调器344以及全球定位系统(GPS)端口346。 Together with the display processor 328 and a liquid crystal display (IXD) 338 (e.g. a touch screen IXD) user interface with the user interface panel 202 also includes a plurality of interface options, these interfaces options include a secure digital (SD) card interface 330, a memory 332, USB host interface 334, a diagnostic port 336, the camera interface 340, an audio / video interface 342, dialing / modem unit 344 and a global positioning system (GPS) port 346.

[0041] 图3所示的电子数据处理系统210还包括具有用于记录环境数据的环境记录器362的基座电源板206。 Electronic data processing system shown in [0041] FIG 3210 further comprises a power supply having a base plate for a recorder for recording environmental data environment 362 206. 基座电源板206还使用AC/DC转换器358和电池充电器控制装置360来向电子数据处理系统210提供电力。 The base plate 206 also uses power AC / DC converter 358 and battery charger control means 360 to provide power to the electronic data processing system 210. 基座电源板206使用内部集成电路(I2C)串行单端总线354以及经由DMA串行外围接口(DSPI) 356来与基座处理器板204进行通信。 Power base plate 206 using the inter-integrated circuit (I2C) serial bus 354, and a single end 356 to communicate with the base plate 204 via DMA processor serial peripheral interface (DSPI). 基座电源板206经由在基座电源板206中实现的输入/输出(I/O)扩展功能364连接至倾斜传感器与射频识别(RFID)模块208。 The base plate 206 via the power supply in the base plate 206 implemented in an input / output (I / O) 364 is connected to the expansion function inclination sensor with a radio frequency identification (RFID) module 208.

[0042] 尽管被示出为分离部件,但是在其他实施方式中,所有部件或部件的子集可以物理地位于不同位置和/或是以与图3所示的方式不同的方式组合的功能。 [0042] Although shown as separate components, in other embodiments, a subset of all component or components may be physically located at different locations and / or in a manner shown in FIG. 3 in combination different functionality. 例如,在一种实施方式中,基座处理器板204和用户界面板202组合到一个物理板中。 For example, in one embodiment, the base processor board 204 and a user interface board 202 into one physical board.

[0043] 图4示出了根据实施方式用于提供具有自足式操作环境的AACMM100的处理流程。 [0043] FIG. 4 shows a process flow according to an embodiment for providing AACMM100 having self-contained operating environment. 在实施方式中,自足式操作环境使用市场上可购得的操作系统,例如但不限于Windows CE。 In an embodiment, the self-contained operating environment using a commercially available operating system, such as, but not limited to Windows CE. 图4中所示的处理由电子数据处理系统210 (本文中还称为"电子电路")来执行。 The processing shown in FIG. 4 by the electronic data processing system 210 (also referred to herein as "electronic circuit") is performed. 在步骤402处,AACMM100通电,并且例如图5中所示的用户界面屏幕经由IXD 338呈现给操作者。 In step 402, AACMM 100 is energized, for example, the user interface screen shown in FIG. 5 presented to the operator via IXD 338. 在步骤404处,例如图6至图7中所示的那些用户界面屏幕提示用户执行数据收集处理。 At step 404, a user interface screen such as those shown in FIGS. 6 to 7 prompts the user to perform data collection process. 在步骤406处,在AACMM 100的基座处理器板204处计算位置数据,以及在步骤408处,将位置数据输出至用户界面应用和/或应用程序编程接口。 At step 406, the data processor 204 calculates the base plate 100 AACMM position, and at step 408, the output position data to the user interface application and / or application programming interfaces. 如果位置数据被输出至用户界面应用,则显示如图8至图9中所示的那些用户界面屏幕。 If the position data is output to the user interface application, the user interface screen displays such as those shown in FIG. 8 to 9. 在实施方式中,应用程序编程接口与在AACMM上(例如在显示处理器328上、在冷火处理器302上)执行的一个或多个应用进行通信,以执行本文中所描述的一个或多个功能。 In an embodiment, an application programming interface (e.g. on a display processor 328, on the cold fire processor 302) executing one or more applications to communicate on the AACMM, to perform one or more of the herein described function. 在实施方式中,应用程序编程接口还与在AACMM的外部执行的一个或多个应用(例如CAD/CAM软件、测量软件)对接。 In an embodiment, the application programming interface further with one or more applications executing in an external AACMM (e.g., CAD / CAM software, measurement software) docking. 用户界面应用是与用户界面装置如彩色LCD 338对接以与操作者进行通信的特定应用。 The user interface application is a user interface device such as a color LCD 338 docked in a particular application to communicate with the operator.

[0044] 图5是根据实施方式的当AACMM 100通电时呈现给操作者的主菜单用户界面屏幕500。 [0044] FIG. 5 is presented to the operator of the main menu user interface screen 500 according to the embodiment 100 is powered when AACMM. 在实施方式中,图5中所描绘的主菜单用户界面屏幕500被显示在用户界面板202上的LCD 338上。 In an embodiment, depicted in FIG. 5, the main menu user interface screen 500 is displayed on the LCD 338 on the user interface board 202. 在实施方式中,用户界面板202包括驻留的用户界面应用(例如存储在存储器332中),所述用户界面应用由显示处理器328执行以提供带有可选菜单选项的图形用户界面(GUI),所述可选菜单选项对应于由AACMM 100实现的可用功能。 In an embodiment, the user interface board 202 includes a user interface application resides (e.g., stored in memory 332), the user interface application executed by the processor 328 to display a graphical user interface with selectable menu option (GUI ), selectable menu options corresponding to the available functions implemented by AACMM 100. GUI可以被实施为一组菜单选项,例如在图5中所示的那些菜单选项。 GUI may be implemented as a set of menu options, the menu options such as those shown in FIG. 5. 在图5中,在IXD 338上显示的主菜单用户界面屏幕500示出了各种菜单选项,例如"零件设置"(例如,用于指定零件元素如平面、 直线、圆和圆柱体)、"测量"(例如,用于指定特征、长度、角度和位置)、"文件"(例如,用于定义新零件、加载宏和传输数据),"设置"(例如,用于指定应用程序、网络连接、显示特性、 声音元素、电力参数和语言)以及"诊断"(例如,用于执行如在下面图13中所示的那些诊断)。 In Figure 5, the main menu user interface screen displayed on IXD 338 500 shows various menu options, such as "setting part" (e.g., elements such as parts for designating a plane, lines, circles and cylinders), " measurement "(e.g., for a specified characteristic, length, angle and position)," document "(e.g., for defining a new part, and add-data transmission)," set "(e.g., to specify the application, network connections, display characteristics, sound element, electrical parameters, and language), and "diagnostics" (e.g., such as those used to perform the following diagnostics shown in FIG. 13). 在实施方式中,操作者(例如,通过触摸LCD 338上的屏幕)作出选择以启动操作。 In an embodiment, the operator (e.g., via a touch screen on the 338 LCD) make a selection to initiate the operation. 主菜单用户界面屏幕500包括多个图标:在底部处的探针顶端,探针顶端在被选中时调出用于确定探针位置的补偿画面;在右上角的电池,其指示电池电量还剩余多少,这在AACMM 100由电池供电时有助于操作者;以及网络图标("WiFi"),其表示当前网络连接。 Main menu user interface screen 500 includes a plurality of icons: at the bottom of the probe tip, the probe tip to call a screen for determining a compensation of the position of the probe when selected; in the upper right corner of the battery, which also indicates the remaining battery power number, which contributes to operator when AACMM 100 powered by a battery; and a network icon ( "WiFi"), which indicates the current network connection. 图5中所示的图标实际上是示例性的,因为示出状态和/或启动到功能的快速路径的其他图标可以通过其他实施方式来实现。 Icons shown in FIG. 5 are exemplary in nature, as shown state and / or other icon to start fast path function can be implemented by other embodiments.

[0045] 图6是当操作者在图5中所示的主菜单用户界面屏幕500上选择"零件设置"时所呈现给操作者的零件设置用户界面屏幕600。 [0045] FIG 6 when the operator selects "Set Part" in FIG. 5 on the main menu shown in the screen 500 the user interface presented to the operator's setting user interface screen 600 parts. 在实施方式中,操作者使用零件设置用户界面屏幕600来选择在数据收集期间待执行的零件测量的类型。 In an embodiment, the operator uses the user interface screen 600 parts arranged to select the type of parts measured during the data collection to be performed. 零件设置用户界面屏幕600 具有:形状像房子的图标,其被用于使操作者返回到主菜单用户界面屏幕500 ;以及形状像箭头的图标,其使操作者返回到之前的用户界面屏幕。 Part setting user interface screen 600 includes: an icon shaped like a house, which is used to enable the operator to return to the main menu user interface screen 500; and an icon shaped like an arrow, which allows the operator to return to the previous user interface screen.

[0046] 图7是根据实施方式呈现给操作者的用于执行零件测量的测量用户界面屏幕700。 [0046] FIG. 7 is presented to the operator for performing a measurement part measuring a user interface screen 700 according to an embodiment. 当操作者在图5所示的主菜单用户界面屏幕500上选择"测量"时,测量用户界面屏幕700被显示。 When the "measurement" on the main menu user interface screen 500 an operator shown in FIG. 5, the measurement user interface screen 700 is displayed. 测量用户界面屏幕700选项包括"特征"、"长度"、"角度"、"位置显示"以及"检查特征"。 Measuring a user interface screen 700 includes options "features", "length", "angle", "display position", and "inspection features." 特征的示例(可以在随后的屏幕或弹出式窗口上选择)包括但不限于:圆、圆柱、 线、面、点以及球形。 Example features (may be selected in the subsequent screen or pop) include but are not limited to: round, cylindrical, line, surface, and a spherical point. 在实施方式中,一旦选择了特征,另外的用户界面屏幕就会提示操作者进行测量处理以收集原始测量数据。 In an embodiment, once the selection feature, further user interface screen will prompt the operator to perform the measurement process to collect the raw measurement data. 例如,如果选择了平面,则连同表示下一步采用哪个测量点的点一起,在LCD 338上显示平面的画面。 For example, if the selected plane, together with the measurement point which indicates the next point taken together, flat screen display on the LCD 338. 如前所述,测量装置可以由包括接触式探针的任意数量的装置来实施,其中通过将接触式探针按压至待测量零件来采用测量点。 As described above, the measurement device may be implemented by any number of means including a contact probe, wherein the probe is pressed by the contact parts to be measured by using the measuring point. 长度的示例包括但不限于:点至点、点至平面、平面至平面、球至球以及圆至圆。 Example lengths include but are not limited to: point-to-point, point-to-plane, the plane to plane, and the ball to the ball circle to circle. 角度的示例包括但不限于:平面至平面、平面至圆柱、线至线以及顶点。 Examples include, but are not limited to the angle: plane to plane, the plane to the cylinder, and a line to the apex line. 在实施方式中,一旦选择了长度或角度,另外的用户界面屏幕就会提示操作者进行测量处理以收集原始测量数据(本文中还称为位置信号)。 In an embodiment, once the length or angle is selected, additional user interface screen will prompt the operator to perform the measurement process to collect the raw measurement data (also referred to herein as a position signal).

[0047] 图8是当操作者从如图7中所示的测量用户界面屏幕700选择"位置显示"时所呈现给操作者的位置显示用户界面屏幕800。 [0047] FIG. 8 is an operator when the "display position" is the position of the operator display presented to a user interface screen 800 from the measurement user interface screen 700 as shown in FIG. 7 selected. AACMM 100基于原始测量数据来计算位置数据。 AACMM 100 calculates the position data based on the raw measurement data. 操作者可以经由位置显示用户界面屏幕800查看针对所选测量点中的每个测量点的位置数据。 The operator can view the position data 800 for each measurement point of the selected measurement points via a user interface screen display position. 还可以将诸如原始测量数据(例如,包括每个编码器系统处的角度和温度)的进一步细节输出给操作者。 May also be (e.g., including the angle and temperature of the system at each encoder) Further details of such raw measurement data output to the operator.

[0048] 图9是当操作者从如图7所示的测量用户界面屏幕700选择"检查特征"时所呈现给操作者的检查特征用户界面屏幕900。 [0048] FIG. 9 when the operator is presented when the user interface screen shown in FIG measured 7 700 selects "inspection features" from the operator to check the features of the user interface screen 900. 使用检查特征用户界面屏幕900,操作者可以查看所测量特征的位置数据。 Wherein using the inspection user interface screen 900, the operator can view the location data measured characteristics. 图9具有相机图标,当相机(例如网络相机)被插入到AACMM 100中时显示相机图标。 FIG 9 has a camera icon, a camera icon displayed when the camera (e.g. a web camera) is inserted into the AACMM 100. 网络相机可以用于拍摄所测量零件的图片。 Network cameras can be used to capture the measured parts of the picture. 然后该图片可以被保存,测量点可以在图片上叠加,以及该图片可以被显示并用于辅助操作者来测量零件。 The picture can then be saved, the measurement points may be superimposed on the image, and the image may be displayed and used to assist an operator to measure the part.

[0049] 图10是根据实施方式的当管理AACMM 100上的文件时所呈现给操作者的文件用户界面屏幕1000。 [0049] FIG. 10 is presented to the operator of the user interface screen 1000 according to the file when the file 100 on the embodiment when the management AACMM. 当操作者在图5中所示的主菜单用户界面屏幕500上选择"文件"时, 在LCD 338上显示文件用户界面屏幕1000。 When the operator selects "File" in the menu shown in FIG. 5 in the main user interface screen 500, a user interface screen 1000 displays a file on the LCD 338. 在实施方式中,操作者使用文件用户界面屏幕1000来管理AACMM 100上的文件。 In an embodiment, the operator uses the file to a user interface screen 1000 on the management file 100 AACMM. 当"新零件"被选中时,用以存储新零件的测量数据的文件被打开。 When the "new part" is selected for measurement data storing part of the new file is opened. 当"传送文件"被选中时,操作者被提示在两个或更多个USB、SD和板载闪存之间传送零件和/或宏文件。 When the "transfer files" is selected, the operator is prompted in two or more USB, SD and transmission parts and / or macro files between flash memory on-board. 当"加载宏"被选中时,测量步骤的顺序被示出以指导操作者来测量零件。 When the "add-in" is selected, the order of the step of measuring is shown to guide the operator to measure the part. 当"加载零件"被选中时,显示已经采取的用于零件的测量数据(例如以用于检查)。 When the "Load Part" is selected, measurement data is displayed (for example, check) for the parts that have been taken. 当"保存宏"被选中时,操作者被提示保存宏,而当"保存零件"被选中时,操作者被提示保存零件数据。 When the "Save Macro" is selected, the operator is prompted to save the macro, and when the "Save Part" is selected, the operator is prompted to save the part data.

[0050] 图11是根据实施方式的当管理AACMM 100上的设置时呈现给操作者的设置用户界面屏幕1100。 [0050] FIG. 11 is presented to a user interface screen 1100 is provided in accordance with the operator setting 100 on the embodiment when the management AACMM. 当操作者在图5中所示的主菜单用户界面屏幕500上选择"设置"时,在IXD 338上显示设置用户界面屏幕1100。 When the operator selects "Settings" in the main menu shown in FIG. 5 in the user interface screen 500, the display settings on the user interface screen 1100 IXD 338. 操作者可以改变应用设置、连接设置、显示设置、 声音设置、更新软件以及语言设置。 The operator can change the application settings, connection settings, display settings, sound settings, update software, and language settings. 在实施方式中,应用设置可以由操作者进行更新。 In an embodiment, the application settings can be updated by an operator. 例如,可以调节最小点距离,可以启用/禁止扫描和/或可以设置当前时间。 For example, the minimum point distance may be adjusted, to enable / disable the scanning and / or may set the current time. 同样地,网络连接设置;显示设置(字体大小、颜色等);声音设置(音量、声音的类型等);更新软件;以及语言设置(法语、英语等)可以由操作者进行更新。 Similarly, network connection settings; display settings (font size, color, etc.); sound settings (volume, sound type, etc.); update software; and language setting (French, English, etc.) may be updated by an operator. 可以改变的项目的范围和可以改变成的值的范围是由AACMM100的当前操作环境所决定的。 Range can be changed items and may be changed to a range of values ​​is determined by the current operating environment AACMM100. 当前操作环境包括与可以被设置的元件中的每个元件对接的软件和/或硬件接口。 Current operating environment includes elements may be provided in each of the element interfacing software and / or hardware interfaces. 例如,显示接口限定可以更新的显示属性的范围,并且包括任何属性的有效值。 For example, the interface defines the display range of display attributes that can be updated, and includes the effective value of any attribute. 提供了类似的接口以用于连接、声音、软件更新和语言元素。 It provides a similar interface for connection, sound, software updates and language elements. 在实施方式中,当操作者选择更新软件时,显示了包含当前(或最新)软件版本和AACMM 100上的软件的版本的列表,并且可以提示操作者执行软件升级处理。 In the embodiment, when the operator selects the updated software, the display containing the current (or latest) version of the software and the software on 100 AACMM version of the list, and may prompt the operator to perform the software upgrade process. 可替代地,该列表可以包括在AACMM 100上的软件版本与最新的可用软件版本之间的所支持软件版本的全部或子集。 Alternatively, the list may be included between the software version on the 100 AACMM with the latest available software versions supported by software version of all or a subset.

[0051] 图12是根据实施方式的用于验证对AACMM 100的请求更新被授权的过程的流程图。 [0051] FIG. 12 is a flowchart of the update request AACMM 100 is authorized according to an embodiment of the process of verification. 在步骤1202处,从用户接收更新AACMM 1000软件代码的请求。 At step 1202, receives the updated software code AACMM 1000 a request from the user. 在实施方式中,从图11 中所示的设置用户界面屏幕1100的子菜单中启动更新请求。 In an embodiment, the start set update request from the user interface screen shown in FIG. 11 submenu 1100. 例如,子菜单可以具有操作者选中的"更新应用软件"选项。 For example, the operator may have a sub-menu select "Update Software" option. 在实施方式中,应用软件包括AACMM 100的自足式操作环境所使用的任何逻辑指令。 In an embodiment, the application software includes logical instructions AACMM any self-contained operating environment 100 is used. 这些逻辑指令包括但不限于:对应用软件、应用程序编程接口、 用户界面应用、连接接口、显示接口、声音接口、电源接口以及语言接口、操作系统的任何更新。 These include, but are not limited to, logical instructions: application software, an application programming interface, a user interface application, the connection interface, a display interface, a sound interface, power interface and language interface, any operating system updates. 例如,所述更新可以包括:允许显示接口支持新的设置、允许语言接口支持新的语言、 修改用户界面屏幕等。 For example, the update may include: allowing the display interface supports the new setting, the language allows the interface to support new languages, to modify the user interface screen or the like. 为了保持受控的环境,执行框1204以验证用户(例如操作者和/或更新的源)已经授权进行更新。 In order to maintain a controlled environment, perform block 1204 to authenticate the user (e.g., an operator or updated source and /) grants updated. 以本领域中已知的任何方式来执行所述授权。 In any manner known in the art to perform the authorization. 如果用户不具有授权,则在框1208处该请求被拒绝。 If the user does not have authorization, then at block 1208, the request is denied. 如果用户具有授权,则在框1206处执行对AACMM 100的更新。 If the user has authorization to update AACMM 100 is performed at block 1206.

[0052] 图13是当"诊断"作为来自图5的选项被选中时根据实施方式所呈现给操作者的诊断用户界面屏幕1300。 [0052] FIG. 13 is when the "Diagnosis" as an option from FIG. 5, when presented to an operator selected according to embodiments of the diagnostic user interface screen 1300. 如图13所示,操作者被给出如下选项:验证安装是稳定的(本文中还称为测斜仪稳定性测试)、(下面参照图14和图15描述的)执行单点关节移动测试(SPAT)、执行温度稳定性测试、以查看先前诊断测试的结果的事件日志、查看环境日志(例如,由环境记录器362收集的环境温度、湿度或其他数据的日志),以及查看系统信息(例如,软件等级、零件编号和/或帮助信息)。 As shown, an operator 13 is given the following options: validate the installation is stable (also referred to herein inclinometer stability test), (described below with reference to FIGS. 14 and 15) to perform single joint movement test (the SPAT), the temperature stability tests performed to see the results of the diagnostic tests of the previous event log, log viewing environment (e.g., a log 362 records the collected ambient temperature, humidity, or other data), system information and view ( For example, the software level, part number and / or help information). 从环境记录器362收集的数据可以(例如经由LCD 338)被读出并显示给操作者。 Environmental data logger 362 may be collected from the (e.g., via the LCD 338) is read out and displayed to an operator. 该数据可以包括:由冲击或振动触发的历史事件数据, 和/或当环境记录器362以预定的间隔自动唤醒以记录来自所有传感器或传感器的子集的数据时所收集的数据。 The data may include: historical data events triggered by impact or vibration, data and / or the environment when the recorder 362 at a predetermined interval from the automatic wake-up to record a subset of data of all the sensors or sensor collected. 在实施方式中,数据的显示包括:对包括与在性能上变化的事件(例如极端冲击)有关的数据的自动判读。 In an embodiment, the display data includes: the data relating to the event comprises a change in performance (e.g., extreme impact) of the automatic interpretation.

[0053] 如果操作者选择了图13上的"安装",则使用例如来自倾斜传感器366 (或其他板载水平)的输入和来自操作者的输入来执行安装稳定性诊断测试。 [0053] If the operator selects "install" on FIG. 13, the attachment stability of the diagnostic test is performed using, for example, input from tilt sensor 366 (or other board level) and the input from the operator. 在实施方式中,使用安装装置120将AACMM 100安装至表面(例如台、加工中心、壁、地面)。 In an embodiment, a mounting device 120 AACMM 100 is mounted to a surface (e.g., table, processing center, wall, floor). 操作者向安装装置120施加压力以试图移动AACMM 100。 Operator of the mounting device 120 applying pressure to attempt to move AACMM 100. 在实施方式中,倾斜传感器(测斜仪)366经由彩色LCD 338或其他显示装置指示(例如经由文本、图形、颜色等)安装装置120向操作者的任何移动。 In an embodiment, the tilt sensor (inclinometer) 366 via a color LCD or other display device 338 an indication (e.g., via text, graphics, color, etc.) to the operator 120 moves any mounting means. 在另一种实施方式中,操作者观看倾斜传感器366上的指示符(例如,气泡)以确定移动。 In another embodiment, the operator views the inclination indicator (e.g., air bubbles) on the sensor 366 to determine movement. 在另一种实施方式中,操作者以指定运动移动臂段,并且观察倾斜传感器366的作为响应的读数变化。 In another embodiment, the operator to specify the movement of the mobile arm section and observing the inclination sensor 366 reading changes as a response. 当正确地安装AACMM 100时,倾斜传感器366的读数变化预计较小。 When properly installed AACMM 100, 366 of the tilt sensor reading changes expected to be small. 位于AACMM 100的电子电路上的逻辑(例如软件、硬件)有助于本文所描述的安装稳定性诊断测试(本文中还称为"测斜仪稳定性测试")。 Located on the electronic logic circuit 100 the AACMM (e.g., software, hardware) described herein facilitate mounting stability of the diagnostic test (also referred to herein as "Stability Test inclinometer").

[0054] 在另一种实施方式中,在向安装装置120施加压力的同时,使AACMM 100上的测量装置在巢中保持稳定。 [0054] In a further embodiment, while applying pressure to the mounting device 120, the measuring device on the AACMM 100 remains stable in the nest. 在实施方式中,用于测量装置(例如探针)的巢可以被安装在一定位置处。 Nest embodiment, the means for measuring (e.g. probes) can be mounted at a predetermined position. 一旦将巢安装在一定位置处,巢的位置就不会改变。 Once the location of the nest installed at a certain position, the nest will not change. 基于在施加压力之前所接收的来自检测器的位置信号来计算第一数据点,以及基于在施加压力之后所接收的位置信号来计算第二数据点。 Calculating a first data point, and the position is calculated based on the pressure signal after the application of the received second data point based on the position signal from the detector before the pressure is applied is received. 如果第一数据点的读数与第二数据点的读数的差足够接近(在可编程的阈值差内),则确定安装是稳定的。 If the difference between the reading of the first data point and the second data point readings close enough (within a programmable threshold difference), it is determined that the installation is stable. 如果第一数据点和第二数据点在可编程的阈值差之夕卜,则确定安装是不稳定的。 If the first data point and the second data point value a difference between Xi Bu programmable threshold, it is determined that the installation is unstable. 如果安装是稳定的,则操作者可以利用AACMM 100继续测量数据点。 If the installation is stable, the operator 100 may continue to use measurement data points AACMM. 如果安装是不稳定的,则电子电路可以输出错误消息。 If the installation is not stable, the electronic circuit may output an error message. 可以在例如AACMM 100上的内置显示屏幕如IXD 338或灯上指示该错误消息。 It may be, for example, as a display screen or IXD 338 indicates an error message on the indicator built on 100 AACMM.

[0055] 如果操作者选择了图13上的"温度",则使用来自位于AACMM 100上的温度传感器(例如温度传感器212)的输入来执行温度稳定性诊断测试。 [0055] If the operator selects the "temperature" on FIG. 13, the temperature stability of the diagnostic test is performed using input from a temperature sensor located AACMM (e.g., temperature sensor 212) of 100. 在实施方式中,位于AACMM 100 的电子电路上的逻辑电路监视温度传感器,并且将由温度传感器指示的温度输出至显示装置以用于操作者查看。 In an embodiment, the logic monitors the temperature sensor located on the electronic circuit 100 AACMM, and by the temperature of the output of the temperature sensor indicates to the display device for an operator to view. 一旦温度对于可编程时间期间内已经稳定,则认为AACMM 100处于稳定状态,并且操作者可以利用AACMM 100继续测量数据点。 Once the temperature for a programmable time period has been stabilized, it is considered AACMM 100 in a stable state, and the operator may utilize AACMM 100 continues measurement data points. 如果温度在可编程时间期间内是不稳定的,则电子电路可以输出错误消息。 If the temperature is within a programmable time period of instability, the electronic circuit may output an error message. 该错误消息可以经由AACMM 100上的灯和/或经由AACMM 100上的显示装置指示给操作者。 The error message may be on the lamp 100 AACMM and / or indicate to the operator via the display device 100 AACMM via. 在实施方式中,当AACMM 100通电时,温度稳定性测试被自动启动。 In an embodiment, when AACMM 100 is energized, the temperature stability test is initiated automatically.

[0056] 在实施方式中,直到执行了两个或更多个诊断测试并且两个诊断测试都指示稳定状态为止,AACMM 100才被认为是稳定的。 [0056] In an embodiment, it performed until the two or more diagnostic tests and two diagnostic tests so far indicate a steady state, AACMM 100 was only considered to be stable. 在实施方式中,存在两个主要的诊断测试:温度稳定性(例如,臂是否变热?)和安装稳定性(例如,臂和作业表面相对于待测量零件是否是物理稳定的?)。 In an embodiment, there are two major diagnostic tests: temperature stability (? E.g., whether the arm becomes hot) and the mounting stability (e.g., arm and the work surface with respect to the part to be measured, are physically stable?). 在实施方式中,存在有水平指示器(例如气泡水平仪、倾斜传感器),其可以用于确定作业表面是否是水平的;然而,作业表面是水平的对AACMM100的精度不是关键的。 In an embodiment, there is a level indicator (e.g. bubble level, a tilt sensor), which may be used to determine whether the job is a horizontal surface; however, the work surface is horizontal accuracy AACMM100 not critical. 在实施方式中,利用传感器和AACMM 100提供的数据由软件代码来执行臂诊断测试。 In an embodiment, the sensor data and using AACMM 100 to provide a diagnostic test performed by the software code arm.

[0057] SPAT可以作为诊断或校准过程被执行(图14)。 [0057] SPAT may be performed (FIG. 14) as a diagnostic or calibration procedure. 作为诊断过程,SPAT可以提供指示AACMM 100是否在制造商的规格范围内进行操作的合格/不合格信息。 As a diagnostic procedure, SPAT 100 may provide an indication of whether AACMM pass / fail information operating within the manufacturer's specifications. 作为校准过程, AACMM 100可以提供关于SPAT的性能的细节,或者AACMM 100可以响应于SPAT结果来改变参数。 As a calibration procedure, AACMM 100 may provide details regarding the performance of the SPAT, or AACMM 100 may change the parameters in response to the SPAT results.

[0058] 图14是根据实施方式的当操作者执行校准时所呈现给操作者的校准用户界面屏幕1400。 [0058] FIG. 14 is presented to an operator when the calibration user interface screen 1400 when the operator perform the calibration according to the embodiment. 如图14所示,操作者被给出校准硬探针、LLP和/或接触式探针的选项。 As shown, an operator 14 is given a hard calibrated probe, LLP, and / or a contact probe option. 此外,操作者可以查看先前校准结果的校准日志。 In addition, the operator can view the calibration log the previous calibration results.

[0059] 操作者可以经由图14的用户界面屏幕1400进行选择来执行硬探针校准。 [0059] The operator can choose via the user interface screen 1400 of FIG. 14 to perform a hard probe calibration. 这样的校准包括将硬探针放置在巢中,该巢将AACMM探针顶端的中心限制到空间中的单个点。 Such calibration includes hard probe placed in the nest, the nest will limit AACMM center of the probe tip to a single point in space. 操作者以由内置显示器(例如LCD 338)上的图形指示的指定图案来移动臂段。 Operator in a prescribed pattern by the built-in display (e.g., LCD 338) indicative of the pattern on the arm segments to move. 当移动探针顶端时,用户界面可以发展成新的移动图案。 When the probe is moved to the top, the user interface may be developed into a new moving pattern. 当收集到足够多的信息时,用户界面程序将指示探针校准是否已经成功,并且还可以给出其他细节。 When enough information is collected, the user interface program will indicate whether the probe has been successfully calibrated, and can also give other details. 硬探针校准的目的是提供关于探针端部相对于其附接到的AACMM 100的位置的信息。 Hard probe calibration object is to provide information on the position of AACMM 100 attached to the probe end opposite thereto.

[0060] 用户可以选择校准激光线探针(LLP)。 [0060] The user can select the calibration laser line probe (LLP). 这样的校准可能涉及各种步骤,例如将来自LLP的激光的条纹扫过平表面。 Such a calibration may involve various steps, for example, a stripe of laser light from the flat surface LLP sweep. 显示器(例如,IXD 338)可以在待执行的测量方面提供指导。 A display (e.g., IXD 338) provide guidance in terms of the measurement to be performed. 在用户执行所指示操作之后,用户界面屏幕可以指示校准是否已经成功,并且还可以提供其他细节例如误差值。 After the user performs the instruction operation, the user interface screen may indicate whether the calibration has been successful, and may also provide details of the error value, for example.

[0061] 用户可以选择执行快速(或场)臂补偿,在图14中被标记"臂补偿"。 [0061] The user may choose to perform fast (or field) compensating arm, labeled "Compensation arms" 14 in FIG. 紧接着相对快速过程由操作者来执行这类补偿。 Followed by a relatively fast process such compensation is performed by an operator. 这样的过程可以包括:执行SPAT测试、测量具有已知距离的工件、或者执行一些其他类型的测量。 Such a process may include: performing SPAT test, measuring a workpiece having a known distance, or perform some other type of measurement. 用户界面屏幕可以为操作者在执行快速补偿过程方面提供指导。 The user interface screen can provide guidance in terms of the implementation of quick compensation process for the operator. 当该过程完成时,显示器可以指示该过程是成功还是不成功。 When this process is complete, the display may indicate that the procedure is successful or unsuccessful. 显示器可能会询问将新的参数安装到AACMM 100中的权限,或者显示器可以自动地安装新的参数。 The display may be asked to install a new parameter to the permissions 100 AACMM, or the display may automatically install the new parameters. 该过程的目的是提高关节臂精度。 The purpose of this process is to improve the accuracy of the articulated arm.

[0062] 在图15中示出了根据实施方式可以执行的校准过程。 [0062] In FIG. 15 illustrates a calibration process according to an embodiment can be performed. 图15所示的测试过程1500 开始于框1510,其中,提供AACMM 100,该AACMM 100包括具有相对的第一端和第二端的能够手动定位的关节臂部分,该臂部分包括多个连接的臂段,所述臂段中的每个臂段包括至少一个用于产生位置信号的位置检测器。 Test procedure 1500 shown in Figure 15 begins at block 1510, wherein a AACMM 100, the articulated arm can be AACMM 100 includes a first portion and a second end having a manually positioned opposite, the arm portion includes a plurality of arms connected segments, each arm segment of said arm segment comprises at least one position detector for generating a position signal.

[0063] 在框1520处,提供附接到AACMM 100的第一端的测量装置。 [0063] At block 1520, providing a first measuring means attached to the end of AACMM 100. 这样的测量装置可能是例如硬探针、触发式探针、或LLP。 Such a measuring device may be, for example, a hard probe, a probe trigger or LLP.

[0064] 在框1530处,提供包括处理器的电子电路(例如电子数据处理系统210)。 [0064] At block 1530, there is provided an electronic circuit comprising a processor (e.g., electronic data processing system 210). 该电子电路被配置成从检测器接收位置信号,并且提供与测量装置的位置相对应的数据。 The electronic circuitry is configured to receive a position signal from the detector, and provides the measuring device corresponding to the position data. 该电子电路具有用于AACMM 100的自足式操作环境,并且该自足式操作环境包括用户界面应用。 The electronic circuit having a self-contained operating environment AACMM 100, and the self-contained operating environment includes a user interface application. 除了收集检测器数据并将该数据转换成三维坐标系的一般功能之外,电子电路内的处理器还提供了支持用户界面程序的自足式操作环境(即操作系统)。 In addition to collecting sensor data and converts the data into the outside of the three-dimensional coordinate system, general functions, the processor within the electronic circuit further provides a user interface program to support self-contained operating environment (i.e. the operating system). 用户界面程序提供图5至图14中所示的用户界面屏幕。 User interface that provides a user interface screen 14 of FIG. 5 to FIG. 用户界面程序还可以执行与内置显示器相关的其他功能,并且可以执行与当用户在用户界面屏幕上按下所选图标时所执行的功能相关的计算。 The user interface program may also perform other functions related to the built-in display, and may perform the functions associated with the calculation when the user presses the selected icon on the user interface screen being performed.

[0065] 在框1540处,提供与用户界面程序通信的显示装置。 [0065] At block 1540, the program display means providing communication with a user interface. 该显示装置可以是由显示处理器328支持的IXD 338。 The display device may be supported by the display processor 328 IXD 338. 该显示装置是内置显示器,其是AACMM 100的组成部分。 The display device is a built-in display, which is an integral part of AACMM 100. 因为支持用户界面程序的操作环境是自足式的,所以可以无需将AACMM 100附接至外部计算机来使用AACMM100,从而在很多情况下简化了安装和测量性能。 Because the program supports a user interface operating environment is self-contained, it may not need to be AACMM 100 is attached to an external computer used AACMM 100, thereby simplifying the installation and performance measurement in many cases.

[0066] 在框1550处,在显示装置上显示多个选项,其中所述选项中的至少一个选项将要对AACMM 100执行诊断或校准过程。 [0066] At block 1550, a plurality of options displayed on the display device, at least one option to be AACMM 100 to execute diagnostic or calibration procedure wherein the options. 典型地,如在图5至图14中所描绘的那样,将以图标的形式来呈现选项。 Typically, as shown in FIG. 5 to FIG. 14, as depicted in the form of icons will be presented options.

[0067] 在框1560处,操作者选择诊断或校准过程中之一。 [0067] At block 1560, the operator selects one of a diagnostic or calibration. 并非图13和图14的用户界面屏幕中之一上所呈现的每个选项都将必须包含图15的流程图中所示的所有步骤。 FIG 13 is not the user interface screen and 14 each on one of the options presented will have to contain all of the steps shown in the flowchart in FIG. 15. 例如,图13上的标记为"系统信息"的图标向操作者提供信息,但并不要求操作者根据所指定的步骤顺序来执行过程。 For example, "system information" icon to provide information to the operator, but does not require the operator to perform a sequence of process steps in accordance with the designated mark 13 on FIG.

[0068] 在框1570处,在显示装置上显示关于执行所述过程的信息。 [0068] At block 1570, displaying information on the implementation of the process on a display device. 在一些情况下,可以以图示-无论是静态图示还是动态图示-的形式呈现所述信息来指示操作者要采取的操作。 In some cases, it may be shown - to present the information in the form of instructions to be taken by the operator - both static and dynamic icon or illustration. 在其他情况下,所述信息可以是文本描述的形式。 In other cases, the information may be described in the form of text.

[0069] 在框1580处,操作者执行所选择的诊断或校准过程。 [0069] At block 1580, the operator performs diagnostic or calibration procedure selected. 在一些情况下,显示器上的反馈可以呈现给用户以指示正在采取的操作是否是期望的那些。 In some cases, the feedback on the display can be presented to the user to indicate whether the operation is being taken of those expectations. 例如,在单点关节测试的探针校准的情况下,所述程序可以监视臂内的关节的角度并且提供是否正在执行正确移动的指示。 For example, in the case of single-point calibration probe joint testing, the program can monitor the angle of the joint in the arm and provide an indication whether the mobile is performing correctly. 可以使用其他反馈例如音频反馈(蜂鸣声、语音邮件等)来补充在显示器上所提供的反馈。 You can use other feedback such as audio feedback (beeps, voice mail, etc.) to complement the feedback provided on the display.

[0070] 在框1590处,在显示装置上显示所选择的诊断或校准过程的结果。 [0070] At block 1590, display the results of the diagnostic or calibration of the selected on the display device. 在一些情况下,所述结果可以以合格/不合格消息的形式来指示在诊断过程的情况下是否按预期执行AACMM 100或者在补偿过程的情况下是否成功找到新的补偿参数并进行安装。 In some cases, the result may be a pass / fail form of a message to indicate whether to perform AACMM 100 expected in the case of success or diagnostic procedures to find the new compensation parameters in the case where the compensation process and installation. 在其他情况下,所述结果可以包括更详细的信息例如所观察到的误差。 In other cases, the results may include more detailed information, for example, errors observed. 所述结果还可以包括查询,其中操作者被询问例如是否应当安装所计算的参数。 The query result may also include, for example, where the operator is asked whether the calculated parameters should be installed.

[0071] 无需个人计算机(PC)而仅对AACMM 100执行诊断和/或校准以根据位置信号计算坐标数据(例如x、Y、z数据)的优点包括:不用在工作区携带或放置多余的设备;不用PC 所需的电线或无线接口;无需购买PC、没有PC损坏或丢失;以及没有硬件与软件兼容性方面的问题,这是因为软件系统与硬件集成一体。 [0071] without a personal computer (PC) and only AACMM 100 performs diagnostic and / or calibration of the advantages of calculating the coordinates based on the position data signal (e.g., x, Y, z data) comprising: a carrying device without excess or placed in the work area ; no PC required wire or wireless interface; no need to buy PC, no PC is damaged or lost; and there is no problem of hardware and software compatibility. this is because the software system integration and hardware integration. 另外的优点包括:在不中断工作流程或丢失数据(系统独立运行)的情况下,在PC上的冗长测量会话中间执行快速测量的能力;在基于软件的PC上采用快速验证测量的装置;用于快速测量的更快、更简单的用户界面(UI), 这在基于系统的PC上是不可能的;以及通过直接硬件接口访问臂传感器数据,这用PC是不可能实现的。 Additional advantages include: without interrupting workflow or missing data (system independent runs), an intermediate ability to execute fast measurements on the PC long measurement session; with means to quickly verify the measurement in the software-based PC; with fast measurements faster and more simple user interface (the UI), based on the system in which a PC is not possible; and hardware interface via a direct data access to the sensor arm, which is not possible with the PC. 另外的优点包括:通过直接硬件接口控制无线接口选项,这经由无线遥控装置是不可能的(即经由Wi-Fi进行通信时PC不能改变臂Wi-Fi设置)。 Additional advantages include: an interface control options via a wireless interface hardware directly, this is not possible (i.e. communicate via a Wi-Fi can not change the PC arm Wi-Fi settings) via the wireless remote control.

[0072] 本文中示出和描述的用户界面屏幕是示例性实施方式所使用的高级别屏幕的示例。 [0072] shown and described herein, the user interface screen is a screen example of a high-level exemplary embodiment is used. 包括附加子屏幕的其他屏幕(以不同的顺序呈现的不同内容、附加内容)可以通过示例性实施方式来实现。 Other additional sub-screen includes a screen (different content presented in a different order, the additional content) can be realized by the exemplary embodiments. 此外,术语"屏幕"和"子屏幕"意在覆盖提供数据例如但不限于弹出菜单和选择列表的任意方法。 Further, the term "display" and "sub-screen" means any method of providing data, for example, but not limited to a pop-up menu in the selection list and coverage.

[0073] 技术效果和益处包括:具有用于根据由AACMM 100收集的原始测量数据来计算位置数据的自足式便携式AACMM 100,而不需要连接到外部计算机。 [0073] The technical effects and benefits include: having an external computer for calculating the position of the self-contained portable AACMM measurement data 100 from the raw data collected by AACMM 100, without the need to connect to. 此外,不需要外部计算机来提供允许操作者向AACMM 100发出指令的用户界面应用。 Moreover, no external computer application to provide a user interface allowing an operator to issue instructions to the AACMM 100. 益处在于:单个的装置、独立便携式AACMM100就是全部,该单个的装置、独立便携式AACMM 100需要收集并报告测量数据。 Benefit is: a single device, a portable AACMM100 is independent of all, the single apparatus, independent portable AACMM 100 and report the measured data needs to be collected. 另外的益处在于:AACMM 100仅需要支持一个操作系统/操作系统级别(即,正被自足式操作环境所使用的那一个)。 Additional benefit is that: AACMM 100 need to support only one operating system / operating system level (i.e., being used by the self-contained operating environment that a). 此外,故障排除较容易,这是因为整个环境是已知的并且没有由不同的操作环境(例如,在外部计算机上安装的不同的操作系统、软件等)引起的操作上的变化。 Further, easier troubleshooting, because the entire change in the operating environment are known and are not caused by the different operating environments (e.g., installed on the external computer of different operating systems, software, etc.).

[0074] 本领域技术人员将理解,本发明的各方面可以被实施为系统、方法或计算机程序产品。 [0074] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the various aspects of the present invention may be embodied as a system, method or computer program product. 因此,本发明的各方面可以采取完全硬件实施方式的形式、完全软件实施方式(包括固件、驻留软件、微代码等)的形式或者结合软件方面和硬件方面(在此全部通常可以称为"电路"、"模块"或"系统")的实施方式的形式。 Accordingly, aspects of the present invention may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment (including firmware, resident software, micro-code, etc.) or a combination of the form of software and hardware aspects (here all generally be referred to as " circuit, "" module "or" system ") according to an embodiment. 此外,本发明的各方面还可以采取以一个或多个具有计算机可读程序代码的计算机可读介质实现的计算机程序产品的形式。 Furthermore, aspects of the present invention may also take the form of a computer program product in a computer readable medium having one or more computer readable program code implemented.

[0075] 可以利用一个或多个计算机可读介质的任何组合。 [0075] may utilize one or more computer-readable media in any combination. 计算机可读介质可以是计算机可读信号介质或者计算机可读存储介质。 The computer-readable medium may be a computer readable signal medium or a computer-readable storage medium. 计算机可读存储介质可以是例如但不限于电子、 磁、光学、电磁、红外线或半导体系统、设备或装置、或者前述的任何适当组合。 The computer-readable storage medium may be, for example, but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, or device, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. 计算机可读介质的更具体的示例(非详尽的列表)可以包括以下各项:具有一条或多条电线的电连接、 便携式计算机磁盘、硬盘、随机存取存储器(RAM)、只读存储器(ROM)、可擦除可编程只读存储器(EPROM或闪存)、光纤、便携式致密盘只读存储器(CD-ROM)、光存储装置、磁存储装置或前述的任何适当组合。 More specific examples (a non exhaustive list) of the computer-readable medium may include the following: having one or more electrical wires, a portable computer diskette, a hard disk, a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM ), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM or Flash memory), an optical fiber, a portable compact disc read-only memory in any suitable combination (CD-ROM), an optical storage device, magnetic storage device, or combinations thereof. 在本文档的上下文中,计算机可读存储介质可以是任何有形媒体, 该有形媒体可以包含或存储由指令执行系统、设备或装置使用的或者与指令执行系统、设备或装置结合的程序。 In the context of this document, a computer-readable storage medium may be any tangible medium which tangible medium that can contain or store the instructions or the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device used in execution system, apparatus, or device binding is performed.

[0076] 计算机可读信号介质可以包括包含有计算机可读程序代码的传播数据信号,例如,在基带中或者作为载波的一部分。 [0076] A computer readable signal medium may include a propagated data signal with computer readable program code, for example, in baseband or as part of a carrier. 这样的传播信号可以采用各种形式,包括但不限于电磁、光学或其任何适当的组合。 Such a propagated signal may take various forms, including but not limited to electromagnetic, optical, or any suitable combination thereof. 计算机可读信号介质可以是任何计算机可读介质,其不是计算机可读存储介质并且可以传递、传播或传输由指令执行系统、设备或装置使用的或者与指令执行系统、设备或装置结合的程序。 A computer readable signal medium may be any computer readable medium that is not a computer readable storage medium and that can communicate, propagate or transport the instructions or the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device used in execution system, apparatus, or device binding is performed.

[0077] 可以使用任何适当的介质来传输在计算机可读介质上实现的程序代码,这些适当的介质包括但不限于无线、有线、光纤线缆、RF等或前述的任何适当组合。 [0077] Any suitable medium may be used to transmit the program code on a computer readable medium implemented, these suitable media include, but are not limited to any combination of suitable wireless, wireline, optical fiber cable, RF, etc. or combinations thereof.

[0078] 用于执行本发明的各方面的操作的计算机程序代码可以以一种或多种编程语言的任何组合来编写,这些编程语目包括面向对象编程语目(诸如,Java、Smalltalk、C++、 C#等)以及传统的过程化编程语言(诸如,"C"编程语言或者类似的编程语言)。 Computer program code [0078] for carrying out operations for aspects of the present invention may be implemented in any combination of one or more programming languages ​​to write, the head including an object oriented programming language programming language mesh (such as, Java, Smalltalk, C ++ , C #, etc.) and conventional procedural programming languages ​​(such as, "C" programming language or similar programming languages). 程序代码可以完全在用户的计算机上运行、部分在用户的计算机上运行、作为独立的软件包运行、 部分在用户的计算机上而部分在远程计算机上运行、或者完全在远程计算机或服务器上运行。 Program code may execute entirely on the user's computer, partly on the user's computer, running as a standalone software package, partly on and partly on a remote computer running on the user's computer or entirely on the remote computer or server. 在后者的情况下,远程计算机可以通过任何类型的网络(包括局域网(LAN)或广域网(WAN))连接到用户的计算机,或者可以(例如,使用因特网服务提供方通过因特网)连接到外部计算机。 In the latter case, the remote computer may be any type of network (including a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (the WAN)) to the user's computer, or may be (e.g., using an Internet service provider through the Internet) connected to an external computer .

[0079] 参照根据本发明的实施方式的方法、设备(系统)和计算机程序产品的流程图和/或框图描述本发明的各方面。 [0079] Referring to the embodiment of the method according to the present invention, a flowchart apparatus (systems) and computer program products and / or block diagrams of aspects of the invention. 将理解的是,流程图和/或框图中的每个框以及流程图和/ 或框图中的框的组合可以通过计算机程序指令来实现。 It will be appreciated that the flowchart and / or block diagrams, and combinations of each block of the flowchart illustrations and / or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions.

[0080] 可以将这些计算机程序指令提供给通用计算机、专用计算机的或其他可编程数据处理设备的处理器以制造机器,以使得经由计算机或其他可编程数据处理设备的处理器执行的指令创建用于实现流程图和/或框图的一个或多个框中所指定的功能/操作的装置。 [0080] These computer program instructions may be provided to a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, a processor or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a machine, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus create a implemented in one or more boxes in the flowchart and / or block diagrams of specified functions / operation of the device. 这些计算机程序指令还可以存储在计算机可读介质中,其中该计算机可读介质可以引导计算机、其他可编程数据处理设备或其他装置以特定方式运行,以使得存储在计算机可读介质中的指令产生包括实现流程图和/或框图的一个或多个框中所指定的功能/操作的指令的制品。 These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer-readable medium, wherein the computer readable medium can direct a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other apparatus to function in a particular manner, such that the storage medium in a computer-readable instructions generated implement article comprising the flowchart and / or block diagram block or blocks specified functions / operation instruction.

[0081] 计算机程序指令还还可以加载到计算机、其他可编程数据处理设备或其他装置上,以使得在计算机、其他可编程设备或其他装置上执行一系列操作步骤从而产生计算机实现的处理,以使得在计算机或其他可编程设备上运行的指令提供用于实现流程图和/或框图的一个或多个框中所指定的功能/操作的处理。 [0081] The computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other means, so that execution on the computer, other programmable apparatus or other devices to produce a series of operational steps of the computer-implemented process, to such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide processes for implementing the process and / or block diagram block or blocks specified functions / acts.

[0082] 附图中的流程图和框图示出了根据本发明的各个实施方式的系统、方法和计算机程序产品的可能实施的体系结构、功能和操作。 [0082] accompanying drawings illustrating block diagrams and flowchart according to a possible embodiment of the system architecture of various embodiments of the present invention, methods and computer program products, functionality, and operation. 在这点上,流程图或框图中的每个框都可以表示代码的模块、段或部分,其中代码包括用于实现所指定的(一个或多个)逻辑功能的一条或多条可执行指令。 In this regard, the flowchart or block diagrams each block may represent a module, segment, or portion of code, which comprises one or more codes (one or more) logical function for implementing the specified executable instructions . 还应该注意,在一些可替选实施中,框中所提到的功能可以不按照图中所提到的顺序来发生。 It should also be noted that in some alternative implementations, the functions mentioned in the box may not be the order noted in the figures to occur. 例如,取决于所涉及的功能,实际上可以基本同时实现相继示出的两个框,或者有时可以按倒序实现框。 For example, depending upon the functionality involved, in fact, it can be implemented substantially simultaneously two blocks shown in succession may, or may sometimes be implemented in reverse order block. 还将注意的是,框图和/或流程图中的每个框以及框图和/或流程图中的框的组合可以通过执行特定功能或操作的基于专用硬件的系统或者专用硬件与计算机指令的组合来实现。 It will also be noted that, and / or combinations of each block of the block diagram of the block diagrams and / or flowchart block in the flowcharts may be performed by the operation performing a specific function or combination of special purpose hardware-based systems or special purpose hardware and computer instructions to fulfill.

[0083] 尽管已经参照示例实施方式描述了本发明,但是本领域技术人员将理解的是,在不背离本发明的范围的情况下可以进行各种改变并且等效物可以替代本发明的要素。 [0083] While the embodiment has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention and equivalents may be substituted for elements of the invention. 此夕卜,在不背离本发明的基本范围的情况下可以进行许多修改以使具体情况或材料适于本发明的教导。 This evening Bu, without departing from the basic scope of the invention many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the present invention. 因此,本发明不限于作为实施本发明所预期的最佳模式所公开的特定实施方式, 而是本发明将包括落入在所附权利要求的范围内的全部实施方式。 Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated embodiment of the present invention are disclosed, but that the invention will include fall within the scope of the appended claims all embodiments. 此外,术语第一、第二等的使用不表示任何顺序或重要性,而是术语第一、第二等用于将一个要素与另一个要素相区分。 Further, the first, second, etc. The term does not denote any order or importance, but rather the terms first, second, etc. are used to distinguish one element from another to distinguish. 此外,术语一个(a、an)等的使用不表示对数量的限制,而是表示存在至少一个所提及的项目。 Further, a term (a, an), etc. do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one of the referenced item.

Claims (9)

1. 一种用于对关节臂坐标测量机(AACMM) (100)执行诊断(1300)或校准(1400)过程的方法,所述方法(1500)包括: 提供AACMM(1510),所述AACMM包括具有相对的第一端和第二端的能够手动定位的关节臂部分(104),所述臂部分包括多个连接的臂段(106,108),所述臂段中的每个臂段包括至少一个用于产生位置信号的位置检测器(234); 提供附接到所述AACMM的所述第一端的测量装置(230, 242,1520); 在所述AACMM中提供电子电路(1530),所述电子电路(210)包括处理器(204),所述电子电路被配置成从所述检测器接收位置信号并且提供与所述测量装置的位置相对应的数据,所述电子电路具有用于所述AACMM的自足式操作环境,所述自足式操作环境包括用户界面应用; 提供附接到所述AACMM的显示装置(1540),所述显示装置(338)和所述电子电路是所述AACMM的组成部分,所述显示装置与所 1. A method for performing diagnosis (1300) or calibration (1400) of the articulated arm coordinate measuring machine (AACMM) (100) process, the method (1500) comprising: providing AACMM (1510.), including the AACMM can be articulated arm portion having opposed first and second ends positioned manually (104), said arm portion includes a plurality of arm segments connected (106, 108), each arm of said arm segment comprises at least one segment with a position detector for generating (234) a position signal; providing AACMM attached to said first end of said measuring means (230, 242,1520); providing an electronic circuit (1530) in the AACMM, the the electronic circuit (210) includes a processor (204), the electronic circuitry is configured to receive the position signals from the detector and means providing a position corresponding to the measurement data, the said electronic circuit having a AACMM self-contained operating environment, the self-contained operating environment comprises a user interface application; AACMM provided attached to the display device (1540), said display means (338) and the electronic circuit is composed of the AACMM portion of the display device and the 用户界面应用进行通信; 在所述显示装置上显示多个选择(1550),所述选择(500,600, 700,1000,1100,1300, 1400)中的至少一个选择将会针对所述AACMM执行诊断或校准过程; 响应于来自操作者的输入,选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一(1560); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息(1570); 响应于来自操作者的输入,执行所选择的诊断或校准过程(1580);以及在所述显示装置上显示所选择的诊断或校准过程的结果(1590)。 Communicating user interface application; displaying the plurality of selection (1550) on the means, the selecting (500, 600, 700,1000,1100,1300, 1400) at least one of the selection will be performed for diagnostic or AACMM the calibration process; in response to an input from an operator to select one (1560) the diagnostic or calibration; information for displaying on the display (1570) execution of the process device; from an operator in response to input, executing the selected diagnostic or calibration (1580); and the display results of the diagnostic or calibration of the selected display device (1590).
2. 根据权利要求1所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中,来自所述操作者的输入(1560)包括来自所述显示装置(124, 338)的触摸屏的输入。 The method for performing diagnostic or calibration process according to claim 1, wherein the input from the operator (1560) includes an input means (124, 338) from the touch screen display.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中,在所述显示装置上显示多个选择包括从安装稳定性诊断过程、单点关节测试(SPAT)诊断过程、硬探针校准过程、 激光线探针(LLP)校准过程、触摸式探针校准过程、SPAT校准过程以及快速臂补偿过程(1300,1400)中进行的至少一个选择。 The method for performing diagnostic or calibration process according to claim 1, wherein the display on said display means comprises a plurality of selected diagnostic process from the installation stability, a single point test joint (the SPAT) diagnostic process, hard probe calibration, laser line probe (LLP) calibration process, the touch probe calibration process, the calibration process and the SPAT arm fast compensation process (1300, 1400) is carried out at least one selection.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述安装稳定性诊断过程(1300); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:以指定方式对所述AACMM的指定部分施加力的指示,或者以指定方式移动臂段的指示;以及在所述显示装置上显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:指示所述关节臂坐标测量机被认为是稳定的还是不稳定的。 The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprising: selecting the mounting stability of the diagnostic process (1300); displayed on said display means information for performing the process comprising: applying a prescribed manner specified portion of the force AACMM indication, or an indication to the mobile targeting arm segment; and a display device on the diagnostic or calibration of the display results include: an indication of the articulated arm coordinate measuring machine is considered to be stable or unstable.
5. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述安装稳定性诊断过程(1300); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:将探针顶端放置在巢中并且以指定方式对所述AACMM的指定部分施加力的指示;以及显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:指示所述关节臂坐标测量机被认为是稳定的还是不稳定的。 The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprising: selecting the mounting stability of the diagnostic process (1300); displayed on said display means information for performing the process comprising: a probe tip is placed in the nest and is applied in a specified manner to indicate a specified portion of the force AACMM; and displaying the results of the diagnostic or calibration procedure comprising: an indication of the joint arm coordinate measuring machine is considered to be stable or unstable.
6. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述SPAT诊断过程或所述SPAT校准过程(1300); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:指示所述臂段是否已经移动超过预定量;以及显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:显示错误值,或者显示所述AACMM是在规范之内还是之外。 6. The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprises: selecting the diagnosis or the SPAT SPAT calibration process (1300); the information displayed on the display apparatus for performing the process comprising: indicating whether the arm segment has moved more than a predetermined amount; and displaying the results of the diagnostic or calibration procedure comprising: displaying an error value, or displaying in the specification AACMM inside or outside.
7. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述硬探针校准过程(1400); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:显示示出所述操作者将要作出的移动的图,并且提供反馈以指示所期望的移动何时已经被执行;以及显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:指示错误值,或者指示所述硬探针校准过程是否成功。 The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprising: selecting the hard probe calibration procedure (1400); displayed on said display means information for performing the process comprising: a display shown in FIG moving the operator to be made, and provide feedback to indicate when the desired movement has been executed; and displaying the results of the diagnostic or calibration process comprises : indicate an error value indicating whether the hard or probe calibration procedure is successful.
8. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述LLP校准过程(1400); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:显示示出激光线探针将要如何移动越过目标的图,并且提供反馈以指示所期望的移动何时已经被执行;以及显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:指示错误值,或者指示所述LLP校准过程是否成功。 8. The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein selecting one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprising: selecting a calibration procedure LLP (1400); for display on said display device performing the information process comprising: a display shows how laser line probe will be moved over the target map, and provide feedback to indicate when the desired movement has been executed; and displaying the results of diagnostic or calibration procedure comprising: indicate an error value indicating whether or LLP successful calibration process.
9. 根据权利要求3所述的执行诊断或校准过程的方法,其中, 操作者选择所述诊断或校准过程中之一包括:选择所述快速臂补偿过程(1400); 在所述显示装置上显示用于执行所述过程的信息包括:关于将要执行的移动的信息; 以及显示所述诊断或校准过程的结果包括:指示错误值,或者指示应用了快速臂补偿结果来改变所述AACMM的至少一个补偿参数。 9. The method for performing diagnostic or calibration procedure according to claim 3, wherein the operator selects one of the diagnostic or calibration process comprises: selecting the quick arm compensation process (1400); on the display device display information for performing the process comprises: information on the movement to be performed; and displaying the results of diagnostic or calibration procedure comprising: indicating an error value, or indicate the results of applying compensation to the rapid change of the arm of at least AACMM a compensation parameters.
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