CN104141358A - Mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system and building comprising system - Google Patents

Mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system and building comprising system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104141358A
CN104141358A CN201410321064.1A CN201410321064A CN104141358A CN 104141358 A CN104141358 A CN 104141358A CN 201410321064 A CN201410321064 A CN 201410321064A CN 104141358 A CN104141358 A CN 104141358A
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China
Prior art keywords
building block
flange
building
block
mortar
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Pending
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CN201410321064.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马宏旺
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201410321064.1A priority Critical patent/CN104141358A/en
Publication of CN104141358A publication Critical patent/CN104141358A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system and a building comprising the system. The mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system comprises a plurality of standard building blocks, a plurality of corner building blocks, a plurality of mold plate building blocks, a plurality of corner mold plate building blocks and a plurality of half building blocks, wherein the building blocks are connected in a mode that grooves are matched with flanges. Reinforced steel bars can be preset into the building blocks and concrete can be filled so as to improve the integrality and the anti-seismic property of a wall body. Compared with the prior art, the system changes the geometric construction of the building blocks, the building blocks can be embedded into and fixed with one another in the transverse direction, the vertical direction or both directions, and mortar is not used in the construction process. As the building blocks are embedded into and fixed with one another, the speed in building the wall body is increased; ring beams and cross beams can be cast for the mold plate building blocks, so that additional mold plates are avoided. Because of the comprehensive factors, compared with a conventional building, the building system is fast in construction speed, low in manufacturing cost, relatively low in requirement on special skill of workers and is particularly applicable to construction of villages and small towns with underdeveloped economics.

Description

Without mortar from build-in masonry structure system and comprise the building of this system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of masonry structure, particularly a kind of without mortar from build-in masonry structure system and comprise the building of this system.
Background technology
In recent years, the anti-seismic performance of China's earthquake disaster the survey showed that villages and small towns house is poor, a moderate strength earthquake or even small earthquake all may cause serious casualties and economic loss, and these are lost in to a great extent and cause because house destroys and collapses, the anti-seismic performance that therefore improves China's rural house becomes a problem in the urgent need to address.
In the western villages and small towns of China, house is main mainly with masonry structure, and material generally adopts sun-dried mud brick, loam brick and concrete hollow block and various mortar.House is substantially all to build voluntarily, lacks rational anti-seismic construction measure, and the building materials quality simultaneously using is poor, causes the whole anti-seismic performance in house lower.Cause the main cause of the poor seismic behavior of western China village-town house to have: (1) Urban-rural Development is unbalanced, and existing earthquake resistant design code does not spread to these areas; (2) lack the construction workman who has professional technique; (3) economic development is relatively backward, lacks enough funds, weakens earthquake-resistant building construction measure; (4), in building course, due to mortar quality, quality of materials and construction, often cause bearing capacity of wall body to decline.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention be to provide a kind of without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, to solve the technical matters of the poor seismic behavior of existing village-town house.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of above-mentioned building from build-in masonry structure system without mortar that comprises, to solve the technical matters of the poor seismic behavior of existing village-town house.
The object of the invention realizes by following technical scheme:
A kind of without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, comprise some standard block, the building block of some bights, some template building blocks, some corner template building blocks and some half building blocks, described standard block can be adjacent with left and right described standard block and/or the mode that matches with flange by groove of described half building block be connected, described standard block can be connected with the mode that neighbouring described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the building block of described bight can be connected with the mode that adjacent described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the building block of described bight can be connected with the mode that neighbouring described bight building block and/or described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of described template building block and described standard block and/or described half building block and/or the building block of described bight are connected, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of described corner template building block and described standard block and/or described half building block and/or the building block of described bight are connected.
Preferably, described standard block comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described cuboid, the leading flank of described cuboid is provided with groove, the trailing flank of described cuboid is provided with flange, top at described cavity is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
Preferably, described half building block comprises the square that contains a cavity, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described square, the leading flank of described square is provided with groove, the trailing flank of described square is provided with flange, top at described cavity is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
Preferably, the building block of described bight comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described cuboid, the trailing flank of described cuboid is provided with flange, a side adjacent with described trailing flank is provided with groove, top at described cavity is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
Preferably, described template building block comprises square floor and relative dual-side biside plate connected vertically with described square floor, and described square floor is provided with the through hole that can match with the flange at the top of the building block of described bight and/or described standard block and/or described half building block.
Preferably, described corner template building block comprise square floor and with three sides, three side plates connected vertically of described square floor, the side plate adjacent with a side that is not provided with side plate is provided with opening, and described square floor is provided with the through hole that can match with the flange at the top of the building block of described bight and/or described standard block and/or described half building block.
A building, comprise above-mentioned without mortar from build-in masonry structure system.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1, the present invention is by changing the geometrical construction of building block, make building block horizontal, vertical or two-wayly have a mutual wedge action, in building process, building block is by build-in each other and in cavity, fill reinforcing bar and concrete can guarantee globality and the anti-seismic performance of building;
2, building block of the present invention is laterally and vertically can be mutually chimeric, in construction, can or use less mortar as far as possible, the Shear transfer of body of wall no longer relies on mortar but relies on chimeric and friction mutually between building block, so reduce in construction mortar quality and smear the inhomogeneous impact on body of wall total quality, not only improve building speed, reduced cost, simultaneously because building block is mutually chimeric, automatically form horizontal and vertical lines, can reduce the dependence to workman's technology, be particularly suitable for the construction in house, China villages and small towns;
3, template building block of the present invention and corner template building block can be used as the template of building collar tie beam, have not only improved house building speed, have also saved the expense of ring beam template simultaneously;
4, template building block of the present invention can be used as lintel and makes template, in building process, above door opening and window opening, arrange template building block, then arrange as the case may be reinforcing bar, concreting, compare with traditional precast lintel, do not need special precast lintel, also reduced cross beam end in earthquake because stress is concentrated the destruction that local body of wall is caused;
5, in the cavity of the building block of corner and longitudinal cross wall junction, add reinforcing bar and concrete, can greatly improve the whole shock resistance in house;
6, building block of the present invention is building-block, has not only saved material, has also alleviated deadweight;
7, between building block of the present invention, do not have mortar to connect, can facilitate later reparation and the dismounting in house.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of standard block;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of standard block;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of bight building block;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of template building block;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of corner template building block;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of half building block;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram that utilizes the body of wall being built into from build-in masonry structure system without mortar of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that utilizes the body of wall being built into from build-in masonry structure system without mortar of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram that utilizes the body of wall being built into from build-in masonry structure system without mortar of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, describe the present invention in detail.
Refer to Fig. 1-6, of the present invention without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, comprise some standard block 1, some bights building block 2, some template building blocks 3, some corner template building blocks 4 and some half building blocks 5, standard block 1 can be adjacent with left and right standard block 1 and/or the mode that matches with flange by groove of half building block 5 be connected, standard block 1 can be connected with the mode that neighbouring standard block 1 and/or half building block 5 match with flange by groove, bight building block 2 can be connected with the mode that adjacent standard block 1 and/or half building block 5 match with flange by groove, bight building block 2 can be connected with the mode that neighbouring bight building block 2 and/or standard block 1 and/or half building block 5 match with flange by groove, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of template building block 3 and standard block 1 and/or half building block 5 and/or bight building block 2 are connected, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of corner template building block 4 and standard block 1 and/or half building block 5 and/or bight building block 2 are connected.
Refer to Fig. 1,2, in this example, standard block 1 comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys 15, cavity 15 extends to bottom from the top of cuboid, the leading flank of cuboid is provided with groove 11, the trailing flank of cuboid is provided with flange 12, in the top of cavity 15, is provided with flange 13, at the bottom margin of cavity 15, is provided with groove 14.Standard block 1 can be connected with the mode that the flange 12 of adjacent standard block 1 matches by groove 11.Standard block 1 can be connected with the mode that the flange 13 of adjacent standard block 1 matches by groove 14.
Refer to Fig. 6, in this example, half building block 5 comprises the square that contains a cavity 54, cavity 54 extends to bottom from the top of square, the leading flank of square is provided with groove 52, the trailing flank of square is provided with flange 53, in the top of cavity 54, is provided with flange 51, at the bottom margin of cavity 54, is provided with groove.Half building block 5 can be connected with the mode that the adjacent flange 53 of half building block 5 or the flange 12 of phase standard block 1 match by groove 52, also can be connected with the mode that the adjacent groove 52 of half building block 5 or the groove 11 of phase standard block 1 match by flange 53.Half building block 5 can be connected with the mode that the adjacent flange 51 of half building block 5 or the flange 13 of standard block 1 match by groove, also can be connected with the mode that the adjacent groove of half building block 5 or the groove 14 of standard block 1 match by flange 51.
Refer to Fig. 3, in this example, bight building block 2 comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys 24, cavity 24 extends to bottom from the top of cuboid, the trailing flank of cuboid is provided with flange 22, a side adjacent with trailing flank is provided with groove 21, in the top of cavity 24, is provided with flange 23, at the bottom margin of cavity 24, is provided with groove.Bight building block 2 can be connected with the mode that the adjacent flange 53 of half building block 5 or the flange 12 of phase standard block 1 match by groove 21, also can be connected with the mode that the adjacent groove 52 of half building block 5 or the groove 11 of phase standard block 1 match by flange 22.Bight building block 2 can be connected with the mode that the adjacent flange 51 of half building block 5 or the flange 13 of standard block 1 match by groove, or is connected with the mode that the adjacent groove of half building block 5 or the groove 14 of standard block 1 match by flange 23.
Refer to Fig. 4, in this example, template building block 3 comprises square floor 32 and relative dual-side biside plate 31 connected vertically with square floor 32, and square floor 32 is provided with the through hole 321 that can match with the flange at the top of bight building block 2 and/or standard block 1 and/or half building block 5.Template building block 3 can be connected with the mode that the flange 23 of the flange 51 of half building block 5 of below or the flange 13 of standard block 1 or bight building block 2 matches by through hole 321.
Refer to Fig. 5, in this example, corner template building block 4 comprise square floor 41 and with three sides, three side plates 42,43,44 connected vertically of square floor 41, the side plate 42 adjacent with a side that is not provided with side plate is provided with opening 421, and square floor 41 is provided with the through hole 411 that can match with the flange at the top of bight building block 2 and/or standard block 1 and/or half building block 5.Corner template building block 4 can be connected with the mode that the flange 23 of the flange 51 of half building block 5 of below or the flange 13 of standard block 1 or bight building block 2 matches by through hole 411.
Utilize of the present invention as follows from the process in build-in masonry structure building house without mortar:
First carry out ground processing, foundation construction, waterproof and moistureproof processing, need to pour into the position embedded bar 61 of stem stem; Then mode bight building block 2 standard block 1 adjacent with left and right and/or half building block 5 being matched with flange by groove is entrenched togather, reinforcing bar 61 is passed from the cavity of bight building block 2 and/or standard block 1 and/or half building block 5, the mode that neighbouring bight building block 2, standard block 1, half building block 5 match with flange by groove is entrenched togather, be built into a half of height of house, in the cavity that has reinforcing bar to pass, concreting 71 is to form stem stem, as shown in Figure 7,8.In building process, can suitably pass through polishing or a small amount of cement paste to adjust the planeness of building block.Local when being built into window opening and door opening, first, at the default doorframe in the place of door opening and window opening and window frame 8, then lay up template building block 3, adjacent template building block 3 is near setting, at the horizontally set reinforcing bar of template building block, then concreting.After building wall completes, in the cavity that has reinforcing bar to pass, concreting is to form stem stem.In the position that collar tie beam need to be set, build template building block and corner template building block by laying bricks or stones, at the horizontally set reinforcing bar 63 of template building block and corner template building block, then concreting 72, form the collar tie beam in house, as shown in Figure 9.Reinforcing bar 62 in the middle of stem stem exposes certain altitude, is then the local embedded bar that roof truss connects, and embedded bar is connected with roof truss, guarantees the globality in house.
The present invention also provides a kind of building, this building comprise above-mentioned without mortar from build-in masonry structure system.
The present invention is by changing the geometrical construction of building block, makes building block horizontal, vertical or two-wayly have a mutual wedge action, and in building process, building block is by build-in each other and in cavity, fill reinforcing bar and concrete can guarantee globality and the anti-seismic performance of building.
Building block of the present invention is laterally and vertically can be mutually chimeric, in construction, can or use less mortar as far as possible, the Shear transfer of body of wall no longer relies on mortar but relies on chimeric and friction mutually between building block, so reduce in construction mortar quality and smear the inhomogeneous impact on body of wall total quality, not only improve building speed, reduced cost, simultaneously because building block is mutually chimeric, automatically form horizontal and vertical lines, can reduce the dependence to workman's technology, be particularly suitable for the construction in house, China villages and small towns.
Template building block of the present invention and corner template building block can be used as the template of building collar tie beam, have not only improved house building speed, have also saved the expense of ring beam template simultaneously.
Template building block of the present invention can be used as lintel and makes template, in building process, above door opening and window opening, arrange template building block, then arrange as the case may be reinforcing bar, concreting, compare with traditional precast lintel, do not need special precast lintel, also reduced cross beam end in earthquake because stress is concentrated the destruction that local body of wall is caused.
In the cavity of the building block of corner and longitudinal cross wall junction, add reinforcing bar and concrete, can greatly improve the whole shock resistance in house.Building block of the present invention is building-block, has not only saved material, has also alleviated deadweight.Between building block of the present invention, do not have mortar to connect, can facilitate later reparation and the dismounting in house.
Disclosed is above only several specific embodiments of the application, but the application is not limited thereto, and the changes that any person skilled in the art can think of, all should drop in the application's protection domain.

Claims (7)

  1. One kind without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, comprise some standard block, the building block of some bights, some template building blocks, some corner template building blocks and some half building blocks, described standard block can be adjacent with left and right described standard block and/or the mode that matches with flange by groove of described half building block be connected, described standard block can be connected with the mode that neighbouring described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the building block of described bight can be connected with the mode that adjacent described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the building block of described bight can be connected with the mode that neighbouring described bight building block and/or described standard block and/or described half building block match with flange by groove, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of described template building block and described standard block and/or described half building block and/or the building block of described bight are connected, the mode can matching with flange by through hole in the bottom of described corner template building block and described standard block and/or described half building block and/or the building block of described bight are connected.
  2. As claimed in claim 1 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, described standard block comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described cuboid, the leading flank of described cuboid is provided with groove, the trailing flank of described cuboid is provided with flange, in the top of described cavity, is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
  3. As claimed in claim 1 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, described half building block comprises the square that contains a cavity, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described square, the leading flank of described square is provided with groove, the trailing flank of described square is provided with flange, in the top of described cavity, is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
  4. As claimed in claim 1 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, the building block of described bight comprises the cuboid that contains two cavitys, described cavity extends to bottom from the top of described cuboid, the trailing flank of described cuboid is provided with flange, a side adjacent with described trailing flank is provided with groove, in the top of described cavity, is provided with flange, at the bottom margin of described cavity, is provided with groove.
  5. As claimed in claim 1 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, described template building block comprises square floor and relative dual-side biside plate connected vertically with described square floor, and described square floor is provided with the through hole that can match with the flange at the top of the building block of described bight and/or described standard block and/or described half building block.
  6. As claimed in claim 1 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system, it is characterized in that, described corner template building block comprise square floor and with three sides, three side plates connected vertically of described square floor, the side plate adjacent with a side that is not provided with side plate is provided with opening, and described square floor is provided with the through hole that can match with the flange at the top of the building block of described bight and/or described standard block and/or described half building block.
  7. 7. a building, is characterized in that, comprise as described in any one in claim 1-6 without mortar from build-in masonry structure system.
CN201410321064.1A 2014-07-07 2014-07-07 Mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system and building comprising system Pending CN104141358A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908858A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-31 赤峰京环节能建材制造有限公司 Linkage building block, building block wall and construction method of building block wall
CN106049742A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-26 西安建筑科技大学 Combined building block and construction method for forming wall body with combined building block
CN106088445A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 上海交通大学 A kind of without mortar raw-soil masonry structure system and building
CN112392173A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-02-23 无锡市市政设施建设工程有限公司 Construction method of self-locking hollow block wall

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86106157A (en) * 1986-07-29 1988-02-10 约瑟·科尔霍·多斯·森托斯 Assembling building block and use the building method of this building block
CN2622283Y (en) * 2003-05-20 2004-06-30 程文项 Convenient use brick for constructing building quickly
WO2013019134A1 (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-02-07 Milan Kekanovic Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs
CN203213379U (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-09-25 山东农业大学 Heat-preserving and heat-insulating type concrete ring beam template building block
CN103343583A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel block wall body system and construction method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86106157A (en) * 1986-07-29 1988-02-10 约瑟·科尔霍·多斯·森托斯 Assembling building block and use the building method of this building block
CN2622283Y (en) * 2003-05-20 2004-06-30 程文项 Convenient use brick for constructing building quickly
WO2013019134A1 (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-02-07 Milan Kekanovic Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs
CN203213379U (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-09-25 山东农业大学 Heat-preserving and heat-insulating type concrete ring beam template building block
CN103343583A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel block wall body system and construction method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908858A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-31 赤峰京环节能建材制造有限公司 Linkage building block, building block wall and construction method of building block wall
CN106049742A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-26 西安建筑科技大学 Combined building block and construction method for forming wall body with combined building block
CN106088445A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 上海交通大学 A kind of without mortar raw-soil masonry structure system and building
CN112392173A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-02-23 无锡市市政设施建设工程有限公司 Construction method of self-locking hollow block wall

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