CN104137738A - Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period - Google Patents

Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104137738A
CN104137738A CN201310164470.7A CN201310164470A CN104137738A CN 104137738 A CN104137738 A CN 104137738A CN 201310164470 A CN201310164470 A CN 201310164470A CN 104137738 A CN104137738 A CN 104137738A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
scion
grafting
begonia
cammed
malus spectabilis
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Pending
Application number
CN201310164470.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵福德
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TIANJIN TIANDE NURSERY STOCK PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
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TIANJIN TIANDE NURSERY STOCK PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
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Priority to CN201310164470.7A priority Critical patent/CN104137738A/en
Publication of CN104137738A publication Critical patent/CN104137738A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a grafting method of red-trunk begonia with a long flowering and fruiting period. The method comprises the following steps: (1) selecting a twig of North American begonia as cion, and cutting the lower end part of the cion to obtain an inclined wedge surface; (2) selecting begonia, cutting the part 30cm above the ground, and cutting to form an opening in the surface of the section, close to the side edge; (3) embedding the inclined wedge surface of the lower end part of the cion into the opening, and binding and fixing the outer surface through a plastic belt; (4) removing sprout tillers on the stock, and applying fertilizer at fixed period; (5) releasing the plastic belt after the cion grows to reach 20cm, and then finishing the cultivation. According to the method, the North American begonia is used as cion, the begonia is used as the stock, the stem grafting manner is carried out for grafting, and thereby, a tree with red leaves and branches and off-white yellow can be utilized; compared with common begonia, the flowering and fruiting periods of the tree are prolonged, and the cold resistance and drought resistance are improved; in addition, the economic benefit of the cultivated plant is 10 times more than that of the common begonia, so that the economic income of a farmer household is greatly increased.

Description

A kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming
Technical field
The invention belongs to Malus spectabilis and cultivate technical field, especially a kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming.
Background technology
Malus spectabilis, machaka or dungarunga, 7 meters of Gao Keda, without scolus, blade ellipse or ellipticity Long Circle, edge tool thorn aristiform serration, in April at florescence, really 9~October of phase, likes light, strong adaptability, cold-resistant, drought-enduring, not tight to soil requirement, generally on the good ground of draining, all can cultivate.One of famous flower that Qi Shi China is traditional, flower appearance is graceful, the flowers are in blossom like brocade, has long cultivation history, very popular.
Malus spectabilis limb is grown thickly, pattern be take vermilion, Chinese red, pink or white is as main, and the fruit of tying is calophyllum inophyllum, take redness as main sweet and sour taste taste shape is all like hawthorn.Malus spectabilis is famous ornamental flower, generally cultivates in garden for viewing and admiring more, is also suitable for around garden corner, limit, lawn, grove, by the small stream of side, pond, can also dense planting become to spend hedge, but the florescence of Malus spectabilis is short, the phase of bearing fruit is also short, and color is more single, and decorative effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming that the florescence is long, the phase of bearing fruit is long, color is many is provided.
A grafting method for the red trunk Malus spectabilis that blooming bears fruit grows, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) choose robust growth, there is the North America Malus spectabilis spray of 1~4 tender shoots as scion, 0.4 millimeter of scion diameter, 5 centimeter length, cut out cammed surface in the bottom of scion, and this cammed surface is the long bevel of 1 centimetre of a side, the short bevel that opposite side is 0.5 centimetre;
(2) choose 0.4 millimeter of external diameter, without the Malus spectabilis of damage by disease and insect, apart from ground, high 30 centimeters are cut off, and on the submarginal surface of section, cut an opening, the degree of depth of this opening is greater than the cammed surface of scion bottom and near the smooth-barked side of stock;
(3) scion bottom cammed surface is inlaid in opening, outside is fixed with plastic tape colligation;
(4) remove the sprout tillers on stock, regularly applying fertilizer;
(5), after spike length to 20 waiting centimetre, plastic tape is unclamped and completes cultivation.
And step (1) described scion is used the immersion of liquid glucose and triacontanol mixed liquor before cutting out cammed surface.
And, the white sugar water solution that described liquid glucose is 1%, described triacontanol is the triacontanol liquid of 0.5~1 mg/kg.
And scion grafting time is clear and bright latter 20~30 days.
And when stock otch is inserted in described scion, the short bevel of scion lower end, towards bark, makes the formation layer of scion cammed surface and the formation layer of opening wide.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
In the present invention, take North America Malus spectabilis as scion, take Malus spectabilis as stock, after mode grafting by scion grafting, cultivate red leaf, branch, flower is the seeds of ecru, its florescence and the phase of bearing fruit are all longer than common Malus spectabilis, cold-resistant, drought-resistance ability is all higher than common Malus spectabilis, and the economic benefit of the plant cultivating is the more than 10 times of common Malus spectabilis, improved greatly the income at plantation family.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described, and following embodiment is illustrative, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with following embodiment.
A grafting method for the red trunk Malus spectabilis that blooming bears fruit grows, innovation of the present invention is: comprise the following steps:
(1) choose robust growth, there is the North America Malus spectabilis spray of 1~4 tender shoots as scion, 0.4 millimeter of scion diameter, 5 centimeter length, cut out cammed surface in the bottom of scion, and this cammed surface is the long bevel of 1 centimetre of a side, the short bevel that opposite side is 0.5 centimetre;
Step (1) described scion is used the immersion of liquid glucose and triacontanol mixed liquor before cutting out cammed surface.Described liquid glucose is 1% white sugar water solution, and described triacontanol is the triacontanol liquid of 0.5~1 mg/kg.Scion grafting time is clear and bright latter 20~30 days.When stock otch is inserted in described scion, the short bevel of scion lower end, towards bark, makes the formation layer of scion cammed surface and the formation layer of opening wide.
(2) choose 0.4 millimeter of external diameter, without the Malus spectabilis of damage by disease and insect, apart from ground, high 30 centimeters are cut off, and on the submarginal surface of section, cut an opening, the degree of depth of this opening is greater than the cammed surface of scion bottom and near the smooth-barked side of stock;
(3) scion bottom cammed surface is inlaid in opening, outside is fixed with plastic tape colligation;
(4) remove the sprout tillers on stock, regularly applying fertilizer;
(5), after spike length to 20 waiting centimetre, plastic tape is unclamped and completes cultivation.
Embodiment
Scion is selected robust growth and is had the North America Malus spectabilis branch of 3 tender shoots, stock selects Malus spectabilis, carry out the engrafting and cultivating of 500, by method of the present invention, carry out grafting, then through the cultivation of 4 years, graft survival rate 98%, the nurturing period is regularly used the cow dung, pig manure and the chicken manure that mix by weight 1:1:1 becoming thoroughly decomposed, and the selling price that the plant that cultivates is single is at 500~600 yuan.
In the present invention, take North America Malus spectabilis as scion, take Malus spectabilis as stock, after mode grafting by scion grafting, cultivate red leaf, branch, flower is the seeds of ecru, its florescence and the phase of bearing fruit are all longer than common Malus spectabilis, cold-resistant, drought-resistance ability is all higher than common Malus spectabilis, and the economic benefit of the plant cultivating is the more than 10 times of common Malus spectabilis, improved greatly the income at plantation family.

Claims (5)

1. a grafting method for the red trunk Malus spectabilis that blooming bears fruit grows, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) choose robust growth, there is the North America Malus spectabilis spray of 1~4 tender shoots as scion, 0.4 millimeter of scion diameter, 5 centimeter length, cut out cammed surface in the bottom of scion, and this cammed surface is the long bevel of 1 centimetre of a side, the short bevel that opposite side is 0.5 centimetre;
(2) choose 0.4 millimeter of external diameter, without the Malus spectabilis of damage by disease and insect, apart from ground, high 30 centimeters are cut off, and on the submarginal surface of section, cut an opening, the degree of depth of this opening is greater than the cammed surface of scion bottom and near the smooth-barked side of stock;
(3) scion bottom cammed surface is inlaid in opening, outside is fixed with plastic tape colligation;
(4) remove the sprout tillers on stock, regularly applying fertilizer;
(5), after spike length to 20 waiting centimetre, plastic tape is unclamped and completes cultivation.
2. a kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming according to claim 1, is characterized in that: step (1) described scion is used the immersion of liquid glucose and triacontanol mixed liquor before cutting out cammed surface.
3. a kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the white sugar water solution that described liquid glucose is 1%, described triacontanol is the triacontanol liquid of 0.5~1 mg/kg.
4. a kind of grafting method of long red trunk Malus spectabilis of bearing fruit of blooming according to claim 1, is characterized in that: scion grafting time is clear and bright latter 20~30 days.
5. the breeding method of a kind of poplar with colorful leaves according to claim 1, is characterized in that: when stock otch is inserted in described scion, the short bevel of scion lower end, towards bark, makes the formation layer of scion cammed surface and the formation layer of opening wide.
CN201310164470.7A 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period Pending CN104137738A (en)

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CN201310164470.7A CN104137738A (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period

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CN201310164470.7A CN104137738A (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Grafting method of red-trunk begonia with long flowering and fruiting period

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920397A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Plant rapid growth culture solution for grafting
CN104956993A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-07 句容市满园春家庭农场 Plant shape control method for filamental flowering crab
CN105075783A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-25 安徽荣鸿农业开发股份有限公司 Forcing culture method of filamental flowering crab
CN106613639A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-10 湖州尚翔生态农业有限公司 Grafting seedling growing method of Malus spectabilis
CN107006250A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-08-04 安徽新宇生态园林股份有限公司 A kind of method of color leafed plants cuttage and seedling culture

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920397A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Plant rapid growth culture solution for grafting
CN104956993A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-07 句容市满园春家庭农场 Plant shape control method for filamental flowering crab
CN105075783A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-25 安徽荣鸿农业开发股份有限公司 Forcing culture method of filamental flowering crab
CN106613639A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-10 湖州尚翔生态农业有限公司 Grafting seedling growing method of Malus spectabilis
CN107006250A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-08-04 安徽新宇生态园林股份有限公司 A kind of method of color leafed plants cuttage and seedling culture

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Application publication date: 20141112