CN104130632A - Water-soluble elastic waterproof paint and preparation and application methods thereof - Google Patents

Water-soluble elastic waterproof paint and preparation and application methods thereof Download PDF

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CN104130632A
CN104130632A CN 201410357833 CN201410357833A CN104130632A CN 104130632 A CN104130632 A CN 104130632A CN 201410357833 CN201410357833 CN 201410357833 CN 201410357833 A CN201410357833 A CN 201410357833A CN 104130632 A CN104130632 A CN 104130632A
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parts
water
weight
coating
brushing
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CN 201410357833
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Chinese (zh)
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卢巍
陈高
陈琼
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长沙大禹建材科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a water-soluble elastic waterproof paint and preparation and application methods thereof. The waterproof paint comprises, by weight, 32 to 34 parts of a polyvinyl acetate emulsion, 34 to 36 parts of an inorganic filling material, 1 to 2 parts of carbon black, 8 to 12 parts of 2,3-coumarone, 0.02 to 0.03 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 15 to 20 parts of water, 0.3 to 0.4 part of a mineral oil antifoaming agent and 0.2 part of a polycarboxylic acid dispersant, wherein the inorganic filling material is one selected from the group consisting of heavy calcium carbonate powder and calcium carbonate or a mixture of heavy calcium carbonate powder and calcium carbonate. The preparation method comprises the following steps: preparing an aqueous solution of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose; adding carbon black and carrying out stirring until uniform dispersion is realized; airing the obtained mixture for more than 12 h; adding the polyvinyl acetate emulsion and carrying out stirring until uniform mixing is realized; adding the inorganic filling material and the dispersant and carrying out stirring until uniform mixing is realized; adding 2,3-coumarone and carrying out stirring and dispersion until slurry is uniform; and adding the antifoaming agent, carrying out stirring and dispersion and then carrying out discharging. The application method comprises a step of cleaning of a base layer and a step of brushing at least once.

Description

水溶性弹性防水涂料及其制备、使用方法 Soluble flexible waterproof coating and its preparation, use

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及防水涂料技术领域,尤其是涉及一种水溶性弹性防水涂料及其制备、使用方法。 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to a waterproof coating, in particular, it relates to a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating and preparation method used.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 已有的聚氨酯防水涂料,普遍存在的问题是涂料中含有对人体有害的煤焦油和甲苯等溶剂,而且大多为双组份包装,使用时再混合,使用时不方便。 [0002] The conventional waterproof polyurethane coating, a common problem is a coating containing tar and harmful solvents such as toluene, but mostly two-component packaging, and then mixed using, inconvenient to use. 随着人们环保意识的日益提高,对建筑涂料要求越来越高,要求建筑涂料无害化,以及使用过程简单化,在性能上要求具有高弹性和良好的抗裂性,能够有效抗衡墙体微裂和保护墙面不受风雨侵蚀,而且还具有优异的持久性和耐候性。 With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, the increasingly high demand for building paints, architectural coatings requirements harmless, and simplify the process of using, on the performance requirements of high elasticity and good crack resistance, can effectively compete wall microcracks and protect the wall against wind and rain, but also has excellent durability and weather resistance. 现有的产品很难满足这些要求。 Existing products difficult to meet these requirements.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 为了克服现有技术的缺陷,本发明提供一种不含煤焦油和甲苯溶剂的水溶性弹性防水涂料,解决现有技术中的防水涂料使用过程繁琐、弹性低、抗裂性差的技术问题; [0003] In order to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention provides a flexible waterproof coating which does not contain a water-soluble coal tar and toluene as a solvent, to solve the prior art process of using complicated waterproof coating, low elasticity, crack resistance difference technique problem;

本发明还提出此种水溶性弹性防水涂料的生产方法,解决了水溶性弹性防水涂料的生产技术问题; The present invention also provides a method for producing such a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating to solve the technical problem of production of a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating;

本发明还提出此种水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,解决了水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用技术问题。 The invention also provides the use of such water-soluble flexible waterproof coating to solve the technical problem using a water-soluble flexible waterproofing paint.

[0004] 为了解决上述技术问题,一方面,本发明提供一种水溶性弹性防水涂料,包含以下重量份的组分:聚醋酸乙烯类乳液32~34份、无机填料34~36份、炭黑I~2份、2,3-苯并呋喃8~12份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.02~0.03份、水15~20份、矿物油类消泡剂0.3~ [0004] In order to solve the above problems, in one aspect, the present invention provides a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating, comprising the following parts by weight of component: polyvinyl acetate emulsion 32 to 34 parts, 34 to 36 parts of an inorganic filler, carbon black I ~ 2 parts of 2,3-benzofuran 8 to 12 parts, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.02 to 0.03 parts, 15 to 20 parts of water, mineral oil defoaming agent 0.3 ~

0.4份、聚羧酸类分散剂0.2份,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物。 0.4 parts of the polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent 0.2 parts, the inorganic filler is Flying powder, calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof.

[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,第二方面,本发明提供一种水溶性弹性防水涂料的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0005] To solve the above problems, a second aspect, the present invention provides a method for preparing a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating, comprising the steps of:

51:在15~20重量份水中加入0.02~0.03重量份羟丙基甲基纤维素搅拌均匀,在搅拌过程中加入0.1~0.13重量份矿物油类消泡剂; 51: 0.02 to 0.03 parts by weight of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose was stirred uniformly at 15 to 20 parts by weight of water, 0.1 to 0.13 parts by weight of the mineral oil defoaming agent in the mixing process;

52:在停止搅拌的情况下,往步骤SI制得的混合物中加入I~2重量份炭黑,搅拌15分钟以上,停止搅拌5分钟以上,再搅拌至分散均匀; 52: In the case of stopping the stirring, to the mixture obtained in step SI added I ~ 2 weight parts of carbon black, stirred for 15 minutes, stirring was stopped for more than 5 minutes, and stirred until evenly dispersed;

53:将步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上; 53: The mixture obtained in step S2 is set to dry over 12 h;

S4、往步骤S3制得的混合物中,加入32~34重量份聚醋酸乙烯类乳液,搅拌均匀; The mixture S4, made to step S3, the addition of 32 to 34 parts by weight of polyvinyl acetate emulsion, stir;

55:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S4制得的混合物中,加入34~36重量份无机填料,加入0.2重量份聚羧酸类分散剂,搅拌均匀,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物; 55: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S4, the addition of 34 to 36 parts by weight of an inorganic filler, 0.2 parts by weight of polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent, and stirred uniformly, the inorganic filler is Flying powder, calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof;

56:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S5制得的混合物中,加入8~12重量份2,3-苯并呋喃,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,搅拌分散至浆料均匀; 56: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S5, the addition of 8 to 12 parts by weight of 2,3-benzofuran, added over a period of 10 minutes and the slurry was stirred until homogeneous dispersion;

57:加入0.2~0.27重量份矿物油类消泡剂,搅拌分散后出料。 57: 0.2 to 0.27 parts by weight of the mineral oil defoaming agent, the dispersion was stirred discharge.

[0006] 为了解决上述技术问题,第三方面,本发明提供一种水溶性弹性防水涂料的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,所述水溶性弹性防水涂料包含以下重量份的组分:聚醋酸乙烯类乳液32~34份、无机填料34~36份、炭黑I~2份、2,3-苯并呋喃8~12份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.02~0.03份、水15~20份、矿物油类消泡剂0.3~0.4份、聚羧酸类分散剂0.2份,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物,使用时包括以下步骤:基层清理、涂刷至少一遍; [0006] To solve the above problems, a third aspect, the present invention provides the use of a water-soluble coating of a water-soluble flexible waterproof flexible waterproof coating of the water-soluble component flexible waterproof coating comprising by weight parts of: polyvinyl acetate ethylene-based emulsion 32 to 34 parts, 34 to 36 parts inorganic filler, I ~ 2 parts of carbon black, 2,3 parts benzofuran 8-12, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose 0.02 to 0.03 parts of water, 15 to 20 parts of mineral oil defoaming agent 0.3 to 0.4 parts, 0.2 parts of the polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent, the inorganic filler is Flying powder, calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof, the use comprising the steps of: cleaning the base layer, coating brush at least once;

所述基层清理:包括检查基层,处理缺陷,并清理干净;基层表面要求平整、无灰尘、不起砂、不起皮,若有明显裂缝处需先修补裂缝,排水坡度符合设计要求,阴阳角处理成圆弧过渡段,若基层表面干燥,预湿基层表面,保持基层表面湿润,但不能有水积存,有积水时需扫除; Cleaning the base layer: the base layer comprises checking, processing defects and clean; primary surface should be smooth, free of dust, sand can not afford, not afford to skin, if there are significant cracks need to repair cracks, drainage slope meets the design requirements, Yang angle processed into a circular arc transition segment, if the surface of the base layer was dried, pre-wet the surface of the base layer, the base layer holding surface moist, but not have water reservoir, when there is need to remove water;

所述涂刷:将涂料均匀地涂刷于基层表面,立面与平面均需施工时,采用先立面后平面的顺序、每一遍涂膜厚度控制在Imm以下;立面涂刷施工时,毛刷的涂刷方向由下往上,流到阴角部位的涂料及时刮走,避免因堆积过厚引起堆积处不干;待上一遍干涸能上人时,再在上一遍的基础上以十字交叉的方向涂刷下一遍。 The brushing: brushing the coating on the substrate surface uniformly, and when a plane facade construction required, after the first sequential flat facade, each pass Imm less in film thickness control; when brushing facade construction, up brush brushing direction, the female corner portion by the flow of paint scraped off in time, to avoid the accumulation of too thick due to accumulation quit; can be the Master again when dry, and then again on the basis of order cross direction of the next pass of the squeegee.

[0007] 作为进一步改进技术方案:本发明提供的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,在基层处理过程中还包括增强处理,所述增强处理为针对容易造成渗漏的部位,压贴网格布或聚酯布。 [0007] As a further aspect of improvement: a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating of the present invention provides a method of use in the base layer further comprises a process enhancement processing, the enhancement processing is for easily cause leakage site, pressed against the mesh or a polyester fabric.

[0008] 作为进一步改进技术方案:本发明提供的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,还包括保护层施工,涂刷施工完成后若不能及时进行装饰材料铺贴,涂层需长期暴露的情况下;或涂层处于泡水、酸碱度高的环境下进行保护层施工,所述保护层施工为用水泥砂浆刮在所述涂层上。 [0008] As a further improvement aspect: to use a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating of the present invention provides, further comprising a protective layer construction, if not complete after brushing construction timely decorative paving materials, requires long-term exposure to the case where the coating ; or soaked in the coating, the protective layer is performed at a high pH environment of the construction, the construction of the protective layer on the coating blade with cement mortar.

[0009] 作为进一步改进技术方案:本发明提供的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,还包括在第一层涂刷完成后,在涂层表面压贴聚酯布作为胎基。 [0009] As a further improvement aspect: to use a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating of the present invention provides, further comprising a first layer after the completion of brushing, the polyester cloth was pressed against the surface of the coating as a base tire.

[0010] 在不冲突的情况下,上述优选方案可单独或组合实施。 [0010] In the case of no conflict, the above-described preferred embodiment may be used alone or in combination.

[0011] 本发明中聚醋酸乙烯类乳液包括乙烯一醋酸乙烯共聚物、醋酸乙烯分别和丙烯酸酯、马来酸酐、羟甲基丙烯酰胺等的共聚物乳液。 Ethylene [0011] In the present invention, polyvinyl acetate-based emulsion comprises ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, vinyl acetate and acrylic esters, maleic anhydride, methylol acrylamide copolymer emulsion and the like, respectively.

[0012] 本发明中,矿物油类消泡剂优选NXZ消泡剂,NXZ消泡剂是矿物油疏水气相白炭黑及金属皂类消泡剂,外观为浅黄色均匀液体,粘度:300-900cpS (25°C),闪点:195°C ;PH值:6-8,不溶于水,但可扩散于水中。 [0012] In the present invention, preferably a mineral oil defoamer NXZ defoamer, a mineral oil NXZ defoamer is a hydrophobic fumed silica and metal soap-based defoaming agent, a uniform appearance as a pale yellow liquid, viscosity: 300 900cpS (25 ° C), flash point: 195 ° C; PH value: 6-8, insoluble in water, but water may be diffused.

[0013] 本发明带来的有益效果:本发明的涂料与双组份涂料相比,使用时不需要再进行计量混配,可直接打开使用,使用简单,施工效率高。 [0013] The present invention brings advantages: a coating according to the present invention compared with two-component paint, does not require the use of further compounding metered, can be directly used to open, easy to use, construction and high efficiency. 而且产品成本低、性能好,对基层含水率要求低,韧性和强度有较大的提高。 And low production cost, good performance, low requirements for the moisture content, toughness and strength is greatly improved.

[0014]目前市面上销售的单组份防水涂料,其断裂伸长率在200%左右。 [0014] Currently on the market one-component waterproof coating, the elongation at break of about 200%. 部分配方体系与水以及粉料的包容性差,导致易分层,开桶使用时需要较长时间搅拌,涂膜在干燥以前耐水性差,本发明提供的产品,断裂伸长率可达800%,不易出现分层现象,耐水性能好。 Part formulation system inclusive of water, and the powder is poor, resulting in easy to layer, takes a long time to open when the tub is stirred using, in the coating film before drying, poor water resistance, the present invention provides products, elongation at break of up to 800% less prone to delamination, good water resistance.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 本发明的实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 Example [0015] of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention.

[0016] 实施例1: [0016] Example 1:

水溶性弹性防水涂料原料按重量份配方:乙烯一醋酸乙烯共聚物乳液33份、双飞粉35份、炭黑1.5份、2,3-苯并呋喃10份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.025份、水17份、NXZ消泡剂0.35份、聚羧酸类H5040分散剂0.2份。 Soluble flexible waterproof coating material formulations in parts by weight: ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer emulsion 33 parts, 35 parts Flying powder, 1.5 parts carbon black, 10 parts of 2,3-benzofuran, 0.025 parts of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose , 17 parts of water, 0.35 parts of NXZ defoamer, 0.2 parts of the polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent H5040.

[0017] 制备过程包括以下步骤: [0017] The preparation process comprises the steps of:

51:在水中加入羟丙基甲基纤维素搅拌均匀,在搅拌过程中加入0.12重量份NXZ消泡剂; 51: hydroxypropylmethylcellulose in water, stir, 0.12 parts by weight of NXZ defoamer was added during agitation;

52:在停止搅拌的情况下,往步骤SI制得的混合物中加入炭黑,搅拌15分钟以上,停止搅拌5分钟以上,再搅拌至分散均匀; 52: In the case of stopping the stirring, to the mixture obtained in step SI carbon black was added, stirred for 15 minutes, stirring was stopped for more than 5 minutes, and stirred until evenly dispersed;

53:将步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上; 53: The mixture obtained in step S2 is set to dry over 12 h;

S4、往步骤S3制得的混合物中,加入乙烯一醋酸乙烯共聚物乳液,搅拌均匀; The mixture S4, step S3 is made to the added ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer emulsion, stir;

55:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S4制得的混合物中,缓慢加入双飞粉,加入分散剂,搅拌均匀; 55: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S4 is slowly added Flying powder, a dispersant is added, mix well;

56:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S5制得的混合物中,缓慢加入2,3-苯并呋喃,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,搅拌分散至浆料均匀; 56: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S5, the slow addition of 2,3-benzofuran, added over a period of 10 minutes and the slurry was stirred until homogeneous dispersion;

57:加入余量矿物油类消泡剂,搅拌分散后出料。 57: addition of the residual mineral oil defoaming agent, a dispersion after stirring the material.

[0018] 制得的水溶性弹性防水涂料使用时包括以下步骤: [0018] The resulting water-soluble flexible waterproof coating comprising the steps of using:

基层清理:包括检查基层,处理缺陷,并清理干净;基层表面要求平整、无灰尘、不起砂、不起皮,若有明显裂缝处需先修补裂缝,排水坡度符合设计要求,阴阳角处理成圆弧过渡段,针对容易造成渗漏的部位,压贴网格布或聚酯布,若基层表面干燥,预湿基层表面,保持基层表面湿润,但不能有水积存,有积水时需扫除; Primary cleaning: the base layer comprises checking, processing defects and clean; primary surface should be smooth, free of dust, sand can not afford, not afford to skin, if there are significant cracks need to repair cracks, drainage slope meets the design requirements, Yang angle processed into arcuate transition segment, for parts likely to cause leakage, or pressed against the mesh polyester cloth, when the primary surface was dried, pre-wet the surface of the base layer, the base layer holding surface moist, but not have water reservoir, when there is need to remove water ;

涂刷:将涂料均匀地涂刷于基层表面,立面与平面均需施工时,采用先立面后平面的顺序、每一遍涂膜厚度控制在Imm以下;立面涂刷施工时,毛刷的涂刷方向由下往上,流到阴角部位的涂料及时刮走,避免因堆积过厚引起堆积处不干;第一层涂刷完成后,在涂层表面压贴聚酯布作为胎基。 Brushing: brushing the coating on the substrate surface uniformly, the time required to the plane of the facade construction, after the first sequential flat facade, each pass Imm less in film thickness control; when brushing facade construction, brush from bottom to top in the direction of brushing, flow coating negative angle portion in time blowing away, to avoid the accumulation of too thick due to accumulation quit; the first layer of brushing is completed, the polyester cloth was pressed against the coating surface as the tire base. 待上一遍干涸能上人时,再在上一遍的基础上以十字交叉的方向涂刷下一遍; Can be the Master when dried again, then again on the basis of the cross direction of the brushing again;

涂刷施工完成后若不能及时进行装饰材料铺贴,涂层需长期暴露的情况下;或涂层处于泡水、酸碱度高的环境下进行保护层施工,所述保护层施工为用水泥砂浆刮在所述涂层上。 After the completion of the construction if not timely brushing decorated paving materials, in the case of the coating requires long-term exposure; or soaked in the coating, the protective layer is performed at a high pH environment of the construction, the construction of the protective layer is scraped with cement mortar in the coating.

[0019] 实施例2:水溶性弹性防水涂料原料按重量份配方:醋酸乙烯和丙烯酸酯共聚物乳液34份、碳酸钙34份、炭黑2份、2,3-苯并呋喃12份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.03份、水15份、NXZ消泡剂0.3份、聚羧酸类SDA — 30分散剂0.2份。 [0019] Example 2: Water-soluble flexible waterproof coating material formulations in parts by weight: vinyl acetate and 34 parts of acrylic copolymer emulsion, 34 parts of calcium carbonate, 2 parts of carbon black, 12 parts of 2,3-benzofuran, hydroxyalkyl 0.03 parts of methyl cellulose, 15 parts of water, 0.3 parts of NXZ defoamer, polycarboxylic acid SDA - 0.2 30 parts of a dispersant.

[0020] 制备过程包括以下步骤: [0020] The preparation process comprises the steps of:

51:在水中加入羟丙基甲基纤维素搅拌均匀,在搅拌过程中加入0.1重量份NXZ消泡剂; 51: hydroxypropylmethylcellulose in water, stir, NXZ defoamer 0.1 part by weight was added during agitation;

52:在停止搅拌的情况下,往步骤SI制得的混合物中加入炭黑,搅拌15分钟以上,停止搅拌5分钟以上,再搅拌至分散均匀; 52: In the case of stopping the stirring, to the mixture obtained in step SI carbon black was added, stirred for 15 minutes, stirring was stopped for more than 5 minutes, and stirred until evenly dispersed;

53:将步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上; 53: The mixture obtained in step S2 is set to dry over 12 h;

S4、往步骤S3制得的混合物中,加入醋酸乙烯和丙烯酸酯共聚物乳液,搅拌均匀; Step S3 to S4 resulting mixture, was added vinyl acetate and acrylate copolymer emulsion, stir;

S5:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S4制得的混合物中,缓慢加入碳酸钙,加入分散剂,搅拌均匀;56:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S5制得的混合物中,缓慢加入2,3-苯并呋喃,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,搅拌分散至浆料均匀; S5: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S4, the calcium carbonate was slowly added, dispersant, stir; 56: while stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S5 slowly added 2,3- benzofuran, added over a period of 10 minutes and the slurry was stirred until homogeneous dispersion;

57:加入余量消泡剂,搅拌分散后出料。 57: remaining defoamer was added. After stirring the dispersion discharged.

[0021] 制得的水溶性弹性防水涂料使用时包括以下步骤: [0021] The resulting water-soluble flexible waterproof coating comprising the steps of using:

基层清理:包括检查基层,处理缺陷,并清理干净;基层表面要求平整、无灰尘、不起砂、不起皮,若有明显裂缝处需先修补裂缝,排水坡度符合设计要求,阴阳角处理成圆弧过渡段,若基层表面干燥,预湿基层表面,保持基层表面湿润,但不能有水积存,有积水时需扫除; Primary cleaning: the base layer comprises checking, processing defects and clean; primary surface should be smooth, free of dust, sand can not afford, not afford to skin, if there are significant cracks need to repair cracks, drainage slope meets the design requirements, Yang angle processed into arcuate transition segment, if the surface of the base layer was dried, pre-wet the surface of the base layer, the base layer holding surface moist, but not have water reservoir, when there is need to remove water;

涂刷:将涂料均匀地涂刷于基层表面,立面与平面均需施工时,采用先立面后平面的顺序、每一遍涂膜厚度控制在Imm以下;立面涂刷施工时,毛刷的涂刷方向由下往上,流到阴角部位的涂料及时刮走,避免因堆积过厚引起堆积处不干;第一层涂刷完成后,在涂层表面压贴聚酯布作为胎基。 Brushing: brushing the coating on the substrate surface uniformly, the time required to the plane of the facade construction, after the first sequential flat facade, each pass Imm less in film thickness control; when brushing facade construction, brush from bottom to top in the direction of brushing, flow coating negative angle portion in time blowing away, to avoid the accumulation of too thick due to accumulation quit; the first layer of brushing is completed, the polyester cloth was pressed against the coating surface as the tire base. 待上一遍干涸能上人时,再在上一遍的基础上以十字交叉的方向涂刷下一遍; Can be the Master when dried again, then again on the basis of the cross direction of the brushing again;

涂刷施工完成后若不能及时进行装饰材料铺贴,涂层需长期暴露的情况下;或涂层处于泡水、酸碱度高的环境下进行保护层施工,所述保护层施工为用水泥砂浆刮在所述涂层上。 After the completion of the construction if not timely brushing decorated paving materials, in the case of the coating requires long-term exposure; or soaked in the coating, the protective layer is performed at a high pH environment of the construction, the construction of the protective layer is scraped with cement mortar in the coating.

[0022] 实施例3 :水溶性弹性防水涂料原料按重量份配方:醋酸乙烯和羟甲基丙烯酰胺共聚物乳液32份、双飞粉36份、炭黑1份、2,3-苯并呋喃8份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.02份、水20份、NXZ消泡剂0.4份、聚羧酸类H5040分散剂0.2份。 [0022] Example 3: Water-soluble flexible waterproof coating material formulations in parts by weight: vinyl acetate and methylol acrylamide copolymer emulsion 32 parts, 36 parts Flying powder, carbon black, 1 part of 2,3-benzofuran 8 parts, 0.02 parts of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, 20 parts of water, 0.4 parts of NXZ defoamer, 0.2 parts of the polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent H5040.

[0023] 制备过程包括以下步骤: [0023] The preparation process comprises the steps of:

51:在水中加入羟丙基甲基纤维素搅拌均匀,在搅拌过程中加入0.13重量份NXZ消泡剂; 51: hydroxypropylmethylcellulose in water, stir, 0.13 parts by weight of NXZ defoamer was added during agitation;

52:在停止搅拌的情况下,往步骤SI制得的混合物中加入炭黑,搅拌15分钟以上,停止搅拌5分钟以上,再搅拌至分散均匀; 52: In the case of stopping the stirring, to the mixture obtained in step SI carbon black was added, stirred for 15 minutes, stirring was stopped for more than 5 minutes, and stirred until evenly dispersed;

53:将步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上; 53: The mixture obtained in step S2 is set to dry over 12 h;

S4、往步骤S3制得的混合物中,加入醋酸乙烯和羟甲基丙烯酰胺共聚物乳液,搅拌均匀; Step S3 to S4 resulting mixture, was added vinyl acetate and methylol acrylamide copolymer emulsions, stir;

55:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S4制得的混合物中,缓慢加入双飞粉,加入分散剂,搅拌均匀; 55: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S4 is slowly added Flying powder, a dispersant is added, mix well;

56:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S5制得的混合物中,缓慢加入2,3-苯并呋喃,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,搅拌分散至浆料均匀; 56: under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S5, the slow addition of 2,3-benzofuran, added over a period of 10 minutes and the slurry was stirred until homogeneous dispersion;

57:加入余量消泡剂,搅拌分散后出料。 57: remaining defoamer was added. After stirring the dispersion discharged.

[0024] 制得的水溶性弹性防水涂料使用时包括以下步骤: [0024] The resulting water-soluble flexible waterproof coating comprising the steps of using:

基层清理:包括检查基层,处理缺陷,并清理干净;基层表面要求平整、无灰尘、不起砂、不起皮,若有明显裂缝处需先修补裂缝,排水坡度符合设计要求,阴阳角处理成圆弧过渡段,针对容易造成渗漏的部位,压贴网格布或聚酯布,若基层表面干燥,预湿基层表面,保持基层表面湿润,但不能有水积存,有积水时需扫除; Primary cleaning: the base layer comprises checking, processing defects and clean; primary surface should be smooth, free of dust, sand can not afford, not afford to skin, if there are significant cracks need to repair cracks, drainage slope meets the design requirements, Yang angle processed into arcuate transition segment, for parts likely to cause leakage, or pressed against the mesh polyester cloth, when the primary surface was dried, pre-wet the surface of the base layer, the base layer holding surface moist, but not have water reservoir, when there is need to remove water ;

涂刷:将涂料均匀地涂刷于基层表面,立面与平面均需施工时,采用先立面后平面的顺序、每一遍涂膜厚度控制在Imm以下;立面涂刷施工时,毛刷的涂刷方向由下往上,流到阴角部位的涂料及时刮走,避免因堆积过厚引起堆积处不干;第一层涂刷完成后,在涂层表面压贴聚酯布作为胎基。 Brushing: brushing the coating on the substrate surface uniformly, the time required to the plane of the facade construction, after the first sequential flat facade, each pass Imm less in film thickness control; when brushing facade construction, brush from bottom to top in the direction of brushing, flow coating negative angle portion in time blowing away, to avoid the accumulation of too thick due to accumulation quit; the first layer of brushing is completed, the polyester cloth was pressed against the coating surface as the tire base. 待上一遍干涸能上人时,再在上一遍的基础上以十字交叉的方向涂刷下一遍。 Can be the Master when dried again, then again on the basis of the cross direction of the brush again.

[0025] 实施例1~3得到的产品经检验符合JC/T864-2008《聚合物乳液建筑防水涂料》标准要求,具体检验结果如下: [0025] Examples 1 to 3, the product obtained by the embodiment tested matching "Polymer emulsion architectural waterproof coating" standards JC / T864-2008, specific test results are as follows:

Figure CN104130632AD00071

发明人经过无数次的失败,总结得出,2,3-苯并呋喃加入过程中需缓慢加入,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,否则易导致浆料的固化。 The inventors After numerous failures, summarizes results, 2,3-benzofuran was added slowly during the addition required, added over a period of 10 minutes, or easily lead to cure the slurry. 步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上,可以充分保障炭黑吸水充分,从而提高和稳定产品的质量。 Step S2 The resulting mixture is set more than 12 hours to dry, absorbent carbon black may be fully guaranteed sufficiently, thereby improving the quality and stability of the product.

[0026] 本发明不限于以上优选实施方式,还可在本发明权利要求和说明书限定的精神内,进行多种形式的变换和改进,能解决同样的技术问题,并取得预期的技术效果,故不重述。 [0026] Technical effects of the present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiment, the present invention may also be claimed in the claims and the description define the spirit, various forms of changes and modifications can solve the same technical problem, and expected, so not restated. 本领域的普通技术人员能从本发明公开的内容直接或联想到的所有方案,只要在权利要求限定的精神之内,也属于本发明的保护范围。 Content of ordinary skill in the art from the disclosure of the present invention directly associate to all or programs, as long as within the spirit defined in the claims, also belong to the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种水溶性弹性防水涂料,其特征在于,包含以下重量份的组分:聚醋酸乙烯类乳液32~34份、无机填料34~36份、炭黑I~2份、2,3-苯并呋喃8~12份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.02~0.03份、水15~20份、矿物油类消泡剂0.3~0.4份、聚羧酸类分散剂0.2份,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物。 A water-soluble flexible waterproof coating, characterized in that the component comprises the following parts by weight: polyvinyl acetate emulsion 32 to 34 parts, 34 to 36 parts inorganic filler, I ~ 2 parts of carbon black, 2,3 benzofuran 8 to 12 parts, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.02 to 0.03 parts, 15 to 20 parts of water, mineral oil defoaming agent 0.3 to 0.4 parts, 0.2 parts of the polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent, the inorganic filler Flying as powder, calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof.
  2. 2.一种水溶性弹性防水涂料的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: S1:在15~20重量份水中加入0.02~0.03重量份羟丙基甲基纤维素搅拌均匀,在搅拌过程中加入0.1~0.13重量份矿物油类消泡剂; S2:在停止搅拌的情况下,往步骤SI制得的混合物中加入I~2重量份炭黑,搅拌15分钟以上,停止搅拌5分钟以上,再搅拌至分散均匀; S3:将步骤S2制得的混合物晾置12小时以上; S4、往步骤S3制得的混合物中,加入32~34重量份聚醋酸乙烯类乳液,搅拌均匀; S5:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S4制得的混合物中,加入34~36重量份无机填料,加入0.2重量份聚羧酸类分散剂,搅拌均匀,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物; S6:在搅拌状态下,往步骤S5制得的混合物中,加入8~12重量份2,3-苯并呋喃,加入时间控制在10分钟以上,搅拌分散至浆料均匀; S7:加入0.2~0.27重量份矿物 2. A method for preparing a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating, characterized by comprising the steps of: S1: 0.02 to 0.03 parts by weight of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in 15 to 20 parts by weight of water Stir during agitation 0.1 to 0.13 parts by weight of the mineral oil defoamer; S2: in the case of stopping the stirring, to the mixture obtained in step SI was added I ~ 2 weight parts of carbon black, stirred for 15 minutes, stirring was stopped 5 minutes or more, then stirred until evenly dispersed; S3: the step S2 obtained mixture was dry over counter 12 hours; S4, the mixture S3 prepared to step, with 32 to 34 parts by weight of polyvinyl acetate emulsion, stir; S5: in under stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S4, the addition of 34 to 36 parts by weight of an inorganic filler, 0.2 parts by weight of polycarboxylic acid type dispersing agent, and stirred uniformly, the inorganic filler is Flying powder, a calcium carbonate or mixtures thereof; S6: while stirring, to the mixture obtained in step S5, 8 to 12 parts by weight was added 2,3-benzofuran, added over a period of 10 minutes and the slurry was stirred until homogeneous dispersion; S7 : 0.2 to 0.27 parts by weight of the mineral 油类消泡剂,搅拌分散后出料。 Oil antifoaming agent, dispersing the material was stirred.
  3. 3.一种水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,其特征在于:所述水溶性弹性防水涂料包含以下重量份的组分:聚醋酸乙烯类乳液32~34份、无机填料34~36份、炭黑I~2份、2,3-苯并呋喃8~12份、羟丙基甲基纤维素0.02~0.03份、水15~20份、矿物油类消泡剂0.3~0.4份、聚羧酸类分散剂0.2份,所述无机填料为双飞粉、碳酸钙中的一种或其混合物,使用时包括以下步骤:基层清理、涂刷至少一遍; 所述基层清理:包括检查基层,处理缺陷,并清理干净;基层表面要求平整、无灰尘、不起砂、不起皮,若有明显裂缝处需先修补裂缝,排水坡度符合设计要求,阴阳角处理成圆弧过渡段,若基层表面干燥,预湿基层表面,保持基层表面湿润,但不能有水积存,有积水时需扫除; 所述涂刷:将涂料均匀地涂刷于基层表面,立面与平面均需施工时,采用先立面后平面的顺序、每一遍涂膜厚 A flexible waterproof coating using water-soluble, characterized in that: said water-soluble flexible waterproof coating comprising the following parts by weight of component: polyvinyl acetate emulsion 32 to 34 parts, 34 to 36 parts of an inorganic filler, carbon black I ~ 2 parts of 2,3-benzofuran 8 to 12 parts, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.02 to 0.03 parts, 15 to 20 parts of water, mineral oil defoaming agent 0.3 to 0.4 parts, polycarboxylates 0.2 parts of dispersant, the inorganic filler is Flying powder, calcium carbonate or a mixture thereof, comprising the steps of using: a base cleaning, brushing at least once; the base layer cleaning: the base layer comprises checking, processing defects, and clean; primary surface should be smooth, free of dust, sand can not afford, not afford to skin, if there are significant cracks need to repair cracks, drainage slope meets the design requirements, the processing to Yang angle arcuate transition segment, if the primary surface drying, pre-wet substrate surface, the surface of the base layer remains moist, but not have water reservoir, when there is need to remove water; said brushing: when brushing the coating on the substrate surface uniformly, with plane facade construction required, using the first stand after the order plane surface, the coating thickness per pass 控制在Imm以下;立面涂刷施工时,毛刷的涂刷方向由下往上,流到阴角部位的涂料及时刮走,避免因堆积过厚引起堆积处不干;待上一遍干涸能上人时,再在上一遍的基础上以十字交叉的方向涂刷下一遍。 Imm less controlled; when the facade construction brushing, brush brushing direction from bottom to top, the female corner portion of the coating flow to blow away in time, to avoid the accumulation of too thick due to accumulation quit; can be dried on again when the Master, then again on the basis of the cross direction of the brush again.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,其特征在于:在基层处理过程中还包括增强处理,所述增强处理为针对容易造成渗漏的部位,压贴网格布或聚酯布。 4. Use of a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating according to claim 3, wherein: the base layer further comprises a process enhancement processing, the enhancement processing is for easily cause leakage site, pressed against the mesh or a polyester fabric.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,其特征在于:还包括保护层施工,涂刷施工完成后若不能及时进行装饰材料铺贴,涂层需长期暴露的情况下;或涂层处于泡水、酸碱度高的环境下进行保护层施工,所述保护层施工为用水泥砂浆刮在所述涂层上。 The case further comprises a rear protective layer construction, if not timely completed brushing construction decorated paving materials, requires long-term exposure of the coating: The use of a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating according to claim 3, characterized in that ; or soaked in the coating, the protective layer is performed at a high pH environment of the construction, the construction of the protective layer on the coating blade with cement mortar.
  6. 6.根据权利要求3所述的水溶性弹性防水涂料的使用方法,其特征在于:还包括在第一层涂刷完成后,在涂层表面压贴聚酯布作为胎基。 6. Use of a water-soluble flexible waterproof coating according to claim 3, characterized in that: a first layer further comprising, after completion of brushing, the polyester cloth was pressed against the surface of the coating as a base tire.
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