CN104126355B - Overhead farm land cultivator - Google Patents

Overhead farm land cultivator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104126355B
CN104126355B CN201410417203.0A CN201410417203A CN104126355B CN 104126355 B CN104126355 B CN 104126355B CN 201410417203 A CN201410417203 A CN 201410417203A CN 104126355 B CN104126355 B CN 104126355B
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China
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frame
overhead
water tank
power wheel
deflecting roller
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CN201410417203.0A
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CN104126355A (en
Inventor
陶桂香
张昆
狄希
李衣菲
于抒序
杨永平
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Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University
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Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University
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  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

Overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, by frame, engine, driver's seat, deflecting roller and power wheel form, frame is made up of top frame and bracing frame, both sides before and after frame are all fixed wtih bracing frame, between the deflecting roller of one side and power wheel, be provided with more than one group water tank I, between the deflecting roller of opposite side and power wheel, be provided with water tank II, the power output shaft of engine is connected with gearbox, the clutch end of gearbox is in transmission connection with the commutator that is fixed on top frame, commutator is in transmission connection with the back axle that is laterally fixed on top frame tail end, the left and right output of back axle is in transmission connection with the power wheel of its underpart respectively. overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention, simple in structure, splicing structure composition, be convenient to transport and deposit, balance quality is good, center of gravity is adjustable simultaneously, be convenient to the normal work of complex-terrain, can liquid fertilizer and agricultural chemicals one spray, and there is the fertilizing functions of solid fertilizer, function is many.

Description

Overhead farm land cultivator
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, relate in particular to a kind of overhead farm land cultivator.
Background technology
At present, agricultural is being cultivated the crops initial stage, is being plowed mid-term, and manuring late dispenser spray medicine all uses same machinery completeBecome, i.e. comparatively common farm tractor, the shortcoming of this tractor is that chassis is lower. But the crops of some high stalks,As, corn, Chinese sorghum etc., carry out work just can not enter into field at the existing farm tractor of later stage of growth, due to strawStalk is higher, and existing farm tractor enters high bar field, just can cause certain damage to crop, even directly crop is blockedWaist fractures, thus limited plow, the carrying out smoothly of dispenser and the work such as topdress, have to adopt artificial mode processing, peopleWork work for the treatment of efficiency is low, and the construction period is long, affect crop normal growth, and existing overhead working rig adopts three-wheel mostlyFormula, exists the fixed problem of disequilibration and existing four-wheel high frame machine, the nonadjustable disadvantage of center of gravity, and function singleness, can onlyThe function that spray medicine maybe can only apply fertilizer.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to for the deficiency existing in background technology, and the overhead farm land cultivator providing.
Overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention, is to be made up of frame, engine, driver's seat, deflecting roller and power wheel, its machineFrame is made up of top frame and bracing frame, and the front and back of frame both sides are all fixed wtih bracing frame, the bottom of two bracing frames of front endBe equipped with deflecting roller, two bracing frames bottom of rear end is equipped with power wheel, between one group of deflecting roller of homonymy and power wheel, establishesHave between another group deflecting roller of more than one group water tank I, homonymy and power wheel and be provided with water tank II, on the top of water tank II in the pastExtremely, be provided with successively driver's seat, engine and gearbox, on the bracing frame in driver's seat front, be fixed wtih the bottom of steering wheel, directionDish is with two deflecting rollers by link transmission control deflecting roller, and the power output shaft of engine is connected with gearbox, gearboxClutch end is in transmission connection with the commutator that is fixed on top frame, commutator be laterally fixed on top frame tail end afterBridge is in transmission connection, and the left and right output of back axle is in transmission connection with the power wheel of its underpart respectively.
As a further improvement on the present invention, anterior two bracing frames of described locomotive are provided with dismountable fertilizer applicator.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described water tank I is three groups of longitudinal fixed arrangement.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the middle part of the described bracing frame that is provided with power wheel is laterally provided with connecting axle,On described connecting axle, being respectively equipped with power wheel corresponding to back axle output and bottom that gear is corresponding with top is in transmission connection.
As a further improvement on the present invention, longitudinally moving cooperation connects described fertilizer applicator with anterior two bracing frames of locomotiveConnect.
As a further improvement on the present invention, two bracing frames of described locomotive tail end are provided with longitudinally moving being connectedInsufflation showerhead frame.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described insufflation showerhead frame is laterally provided with shower nozzles more than two rows.
As a further improvement on the present invention, water tank II bottom is provided with outlet pipeline and has connected the pump housing, the water outlet of the pump housingPipeline is communicated with water tank I.
Overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention, reasonable in design, splicing structure composition, be convenient to transport and deposit, balancePerformance is good, center of gravity is adjustable simultaneously, is convenient to the normal work of complex-terrain, can liquid fertilizer and agricultural chemicals one spray, and haveThe fertilizing functions of solid fertilizer, function is many.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is left view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is right view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is rearview of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
, be described further overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2 and accompanying drawing 3.
Overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention, is to be made up of frame, engine 1, driver's seat 2, deflecting roller 6 and power wheel 7,Its frame is made up of top frame 4 and bracing frame 5, and entirety is overpass shape, and the front and back of frame 4 both sides are all fixed wtih bracing frame5, amount to four bracing frames 5, the bottom of two bracing frames 5 of front end is equipped with deflecting roller 6, and two bracing frame 5 bottoms of rear end are equalBe provided with power wheel 7, the crossbearer between deflecting roller 6 and the power wheel 7 of homonymy is provided with turning of more than one group water tank I 8, opposite sideBe provided with water tank II 17 to the crossbearer between wheel 6 and power wheel 7, be provided with successively from front to back driver's seat on the top of water tank II 172, engine 1 and gearbox 9, is fixed wtih the bottom of steering wheel 10 on the bracing frame 5 in driver's seat 2 fronts, steering wheel 10 and twoDeflecting roller 6 is by connecting rod 3 transmission control deflecting rollers 6, and the power output shaft of engine 1 is connected with gearbox 9, the moving of gearbox 9Power output is in transmission connection with the commutator 11 that is fixed on top frame 4, commutator 11 be laterally fixed on top frame 4 tail endsBack axle 12 be in transmission connection, the left and right output of back axle 12 is in transmission connection with the power wheel 7 of its underpart respectively, so realize startMachine 1 drives the object of power wheel 7.
Described water tank I 8 is three groups of longitudinal fixed arrangement, and two water tanks 82 and 83 on top are liquid fertilizer water tank and liquid waterCase, can certainly be water tank, and this need to come to determine that according to real work water tank is dress water or medicine or fertilizer. Its water tank II17 and the water tank I 8 of foot be ballast box, in the time that all water tank I 8,82,83 all fill water and liquid, engine 1 one sidesWeight relatively light, cause locomotive integral centre-of gravity shift, at this moment just need interior water tank II 17 water filling, to keep locomotive two endsBalance, simultaneously water tank II 17 is also used as the deposit water that makes up a prescription, when liquid or the water of two water tanks 82,83 on top useBi Hou, can use the water in water tank II 17 to make up a prescription at any time. Be provided with outlet pipeline and be provided with the pump housing in water tank II 17 bottoms, justIn to water tank I 8, water tank 82 and 83 internal pump waters, can prepare new liquid or be full of retaining on the one hand, on the other hand when water tank I8, after the water of water tank 82 and 83 (or liquid or solution) sprays, cause engine one lateral deviation weight, the water of water tank II 17 is pumped into waterCase I 8 or water tank 82 and 83 o'clock, whole machine balancing that can holding device.
The middle part of the described bracing frame that is provided with power wheel 75 is laterally provided with connecting axle 13, difference on described connecting axle 13Be provided with gear I 18 and gear II 19, the 12 output chain drives of gear I 18 back axle corresponding with top connect, gear II 19 withPower wheel 7 chain drives corresponding to bottom connect, and shorten the length of single driving connecting band by secondary drive, guarantee powerStable. Anterior two bracing frames 5 of described locomotive are provided with dismountable fertilizer applicator 14. Described fertilizer applicator 14 and locomotive front portionTwo bracing frames 5 are moving being connected longitudinally, can be according to the height of rice shoot and the height of regulated fertilization device 14 ensures high stalk to doThe topdressing operation of the later stage solid waste of thing. The bracing frame 5 of described locomotive tail end is provided with the longitudinally moving sprinkling being connectedJet nozzle 15. Described insufflation showerhead frame 15 is laterally provided with shower nozzles 16 more than two rows, can be to the liquid fertilizer of difference in functionality and medicineLiquid sprays simultaneously, reduces the working time, increases work efficiency, and overhead farm land cultivator of the present invention is sectional, is convenient to depositPut.

Claims (5)

1. overhead farm land cultivator, is to be made up of frame, engine (1), driver's seat (2), deflecting roller (6) and power wheel (7), itsBe characterised in that frame is made up of top frame (4) and bracing frame (5), the front and back of top frame (4) both sides are all fixed wtih supportFrame (5), the bottom of two bracing frames of front end (5) is equipped with deflecting roller (6), and two bracing frames (5) bottom of rear end is equipped with movingWheels (7), is provided with more than one group water tank I (8), the deflecting roller of opposite side between the deflecting roller (6) of homonymy and power wheel (7)(6) and between power wheel (7), be provided with water tank II (17), be provided with successively from front to back on the top of water tank II (17) driver's seat (2),Engine (1) and gearbox (9), be fixed wtih the bottom of steering wheel (10), steering wheel on the bracing frame (5) in driver's seat (2) front(10) pass through connecting rod (3) transmission control deflecting roller (6), power output shaft and the gearbox of engine (1) with two deflecting rollers (6)(9) connect, the clutch end of gearbox (9) is in transmission connection with the commutator (11) that is fixed on top frame (4), commutator(11) be in transmission connection with the back axle (12) that is laterally fixed on top frame (4) tail end, the left and right output of back axle (12) respectively withThe power wheel (7) of its underpart is in transmission connection; Described anterior two bracing frames of overhead farm land cultivator (5) are provided with dismountableFertilizer applicator (14); Described water tank I (8) is three groups of longitudinal fixed arrangement; The described bracing frame that is provided with power wheel (7) (5)Middle part is laterally provided with connecting axle (13), is respectively equipped with the back axle that gear is corresponding with top (12) output on described connecting axle (13)End and power wheel (7) corresponding to bottom are in transmission connection.
2. overhead farm land cultivator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described fertilizer applicator (14) and overhead farmland workAnterior two bracing frames of industry machine (5) are moving being connected longitudinally.
3. overhead farm land cultivator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, the overhead farmland operation machine tail end described in it is characterized in thatTwo bracing frames (5) are provided with the longitudinally moving insufflation showerhead frame (15) being connected.
4. overhead farm land cultivator as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that described insufflation showerhead frame (15) is laterally provided withThe above shower nozzle (16) of two rows.
5. overhead farm land cultivator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that water tank II (17) bottom is provided with outlet pipeline alsoConnected the pump housing, the outlet pipeline of the pump housing is communicated with water tank I (8).
CN201410417203.0A 2014-08-23 2014-08-23 Overhead farm land cultivator Active CN104126355B (en)

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CN201410417203.0A CN104126355B (en) 2014-08-23 2014-08-23 Overhead farm land cultivator

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CN104126355B true CN104126355B (en) 2016-05-11

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3072376A3 (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-11-23 Basf Se Method and vehicle for applying an agrochemical mixture to a working area of a field
CN105493723B (en) * 2016-01-21 2017-06-27 河南农业大学 The overhead cultivator-fertilizer of three-wheel

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2311121Y (en) * 1997-12-03 1999-03-24 周春林 Overhead agricultural machinery
CN1943295A (en) * 2006-10-31 2007-04-11 张耀增 Multifunctional farmland operation machine
CN201039715Y (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-26 何彦平 Elevated self-waling atomizer and fertilizer-spreading dual-purpose machine
CN102550521A (en) * 2010-12-15 2012-07-11 陈言平 Self-propelled spraying machine
KR20120124924A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-14 주식회사 주일산업 Liquid manure spreaders

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2311121Y (en) * 1997-12-03 1999-03-24 周春林 Overhead agricultural machinery
CN201039715Y (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-26 何彦平 Elevated self-waling atomizer and fertilizer-spreading dual-purpose machine
CN1943295A (en) * 2006-10-31 2007-04-11 张耀增 Multifunctional farmland operation machine
CN102550521A (en) * 2010-12-15 2012-07-11 陈言平 Self-propelled spraying machine
KR20120124924A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-14 주식회사 주일산업 Liquid manure spreaders

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Inventor after: Tao Guixiang

Inventor after: Zhang Kun

Inventor after: Di Xi

Inventor after: Li Yifei

Inventor after: Yu Shuxu

Inventor after: Yang Yongping

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Inventor before: Zhang Kun

Inventor before: Yang Yongping

Inventor before: Li Yifei

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