CN104112879B - The battery power charged and Storage - Google Patents

The battery power charged and Storage Download PDF

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CN104112879B
CN104112879B CN 201410223499 CN201410223499A CN104112879B CN 104112879 B CN104112879 B CN 104112879B CN 201410223499 CN201410223499 CN 201410223499 CN 201410223499 A CN201410223499 A CN 201410223499A CN 104112879 B CN104112879 B CN 104112879B
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battery
charging
current
terminal
acdc
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CN104112879A (en )
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邓登
李维民
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邓登
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法,将刚性充电方法变革为柔性充电方法。 The present invention discloses a method of charging the storage battery with electricity, the charging method changes the rigidity of a flexible charging method. 可使蓄电池接受电能量的RΩ+Rc+Re活性力旺盛程度得到持续锻炼,柔性充电的3.923C速率相较于刚性充电的0.2C速率可使充电速率提高19倍;柔性充电相较于刚性充电可减少充电过程中的电能量损耗约44.5%;柔性充电相较于刚性充电可使蓄电池寿命延长约4.5倍。 Receiving an electrical energy accumulator can RΩ + Rc + Re level of active force sustained vigorous exercise, 3.923C flexible charging rates as compared to the 0.2C charging rate rigidity can improve the charging rate 19 times; rigid compared to the flexible charging charge electrical energy loss can be reduced during charging of about 44.5%; rigid compared to the flexible rechargeable battery charging can extend the life of approximately 4.5 times.

Description

蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法 The battery power charged and Storage

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及蓄电池电能的充入与储存领域,具体来讲是一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of the storage battery is charged with power, specifically power is charged into the secondary battery and a method of storage.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 传统充电方法时蓄电池电能的充入与储存统计方法结果不清晰,如图1所示,图1 为连续Ιο电流充电方法框图;Y-交流电源电压;ACDC-交电流电压变换成直流电压的变换器;Υ-Α⑶C输出的直流电压;&一蓄电池的标称电压是由蓄电池制造厂标注;1〇-电流从y流向^2的方向;ΒΤ-蓄电池Battery英文缩写。 [0002] When the conventional charging method and charging the storage battery power of the statistical results are not clear, as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a block diagram current continuous charging method Ιο; Y- AC supply voltage; ACDC- AC voltage into a DC current voltage converter; Υ-Α⑶C output DC voltage; a & nominal voltage of the battery is a battery designated by the manufacturer; 1〇- current flows from the y direction ^ 2; ΒΤ- battery battery abbreviation. ϊ〇0〇3]_图1表达出传统的充电方法是将ACDC的γ输出端与蓄电池的γ2接受电量端直接相联以Ι〇=(γ-γ2)/ΚΩ = Α等式利用γ-γ2电压差克服h电阻力从γ向&充入连续且是恒定不变的I 〇电流,传统充电的计量方法仅需在Y端并联一只电压表,在Y与P之间串联一只电流表, 如果蓄电池内仅有Rfi存在,认定Iq = A,记录出Α电流所持续时间Η而算作KVAH的计量是毋庸置疑的。 ϊ〇0〇3] FIG 1 expression _ a conventional charging method is gamma] [gamma] 2 and the output terminal of the battery ACDC power receiving end is directly linked to Ι〇 = (γ-γ2) / ΚΩ = Α equation using γ- γ2 voltage difference against the force of resistance to the h & continuously charged and is constant square current I, measurement methods of the conventional charging only a voltmeter in parallel from the end in the Y-γ, ​​an ammeter connected in series between the Y and P , if present within the battery only Rfi, identified Iq = a, recording the current Α Η be counted as duration measurement KVAH is unquestionable. (KVAH是法定计量单位,读:千瓦特•小时;俗称:1度电)。 (KVAH are legal units of measurement, read: one thousand watts • hour; commonly known as: 1 kWh).

[0004] 由马斯定律揭示出:蓄电池内不仅有Rq内阻,还有生命体属性的化学极化电阻Rc 和生物活化电阻Re存在,是依靠Ro+Rc+Re串联系统活性力旺盛(Rc+Re电阻值被降低)才能将电能量消化吸收到蓄电池内进行存储,Rc+Re电阻值是随I 〇电流从Y向P流动时间Η的累积增大(Rc+Re活性力程度向呆滞方向降低的),R C+Re电阻值增大会抬升Y2 = I〇(I^+Rc+Re)电压从反方向压窄电压差梗阻Ιο电流转折为I = I(^at电流衰减,恒定电流:认定I〇= A而得到的KVAH计量结果不清晰。 [0004] revealed by Maas's Law: Rq not only internal resistance, polarization resistance as well as chemical resistance Rc and Re biologically active properties present within the battery life thereof, is to rely on a series Ro + Rc + Re systemic activity fecund (Rc + Re the resistance value is lowered) to the digestion and absorption of electrical energy to the battery for storage, Rc + Re is the resistance value of the current increases with the square I (+ Re Rc of sluggish activity level of force from the Y direction to the flow of cumulative time Η of P reduced), R C + Re the resistance value is increased I〇 will lift Y2 = (I ^ + Rc + Re) a voltage difference between the voltage Narrowing obstruction Ιο transition from the reverse direction to the current I = I (^ at current decay constant current: found I〇 KVAH = a measurement result obtained is not clear.

[0005] 传统充电方法时代阻止1〇电流衰减的方法通常是硬碰硬地升高γ值,迫使1〇电流被分离成lozloi+liloi是真实地进入到了蓄电池内,1〇2则作功将蓄电池&维系Rc+Re活性力的电解液中的水成分析变成氢气和氧气损耗于反方向地吞噬蓄电池寿命,Y值升得越高1 〇2 在I〇= IQ1+IQ2中所占比值越大,蓄电池寿命被香食而缩减速率越快,传统充电方法亦被称刚性充电。 [0005] The conventional charging method of preventing age 1〇 current decay process is usually head-γ value rises, forcing 1〇 current is separated into a real lozloi + liloi enters into the battery, the battery power for the 1〇2 & maintaining an active force Rc + Re electrolytic solution into water to analyze hydrogen and oxygen depletion in the reverse direction swallowed battery life, Y rises higher the value the greater the ratio in the proportion 1 〇2 = IQ1 + IQ2 in I〇 , battery life is reduced and the faster the rate of fragrant food, said rigid conventional charging method was also charged.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的在于在此提供一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法,将刚性充电方法变革为柔性充电方法。 [0006] The object of the present invention there is provided a method of charging the storage battery with electricity, the charging method changes the rigidity of a flexible charging method. 可使蓄电池接受电能量的心+!?。 Electrical energy storage battery can accept the heart +!?. +1活性力旺盛程度得到持续锻炼,柔性充电的3.923C速率相较于刚性充电的0.2C速率可使充电速率提高19倍;柔性充电相较于刚性充电可减少充电过程中的电能量损耗约44.5%;柔性充电相较于刚性充电可使蓄电池寿命延长约4.5倍。 +1 vigorous activity level of sustained exercise force, the flexible 3.923C charging rate as compared to the 0.2C charging rate rigidity can improve the charging rate 19 times; flexible charging can be reduced as compared to the rigidity of the charging of electric energy during charging of the loss of about 44.5%; rigid compared to the flexible rechargeable battery charging can extend the life of approximately 4.5 times.

[0007] 本发明是这样实现的,构造一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法,其特征在于:按照如下方式进行; [0007] The present invention is implemented to construct a charging energy and a battery storage method, comprising: in accordance with the following manner;

[0008] (1)分别在充电设备的ACDC输出端安装液晶显示终端甲和在接受充电的蓄电组安装液晶显示终端乙; [0008] (1) respectively, the output terminal of the charging device ACDC mounted liquid crystal display liquid crystal display terminal A and the terminal B is mounted in the charge acceptance of the storage group;

[0009] (2)蓄电池接受充电的过程中是由终端甲处理柔性充电方法下蓄电池从ACDC的γ 输出端接受离散的K = y · (Ami · tAl+Am2 · tA2+…+Am9 · tA9)电能量和从蓄电池端释放到RF 的C = p· |-Am| .tc电量并自动进行1(与(:值加减统计后以KyAmH量值单位显示的同时又传送给终端乙; [0009] (2) the battery receiving the charging process is processed by the terminal A lower flexible battery-charging method accepts discrete K from γ output of ACDC a = y · (Ami · tAl + Am2 · tA2 + ... + Am9 · tA9) electrically and releasing energy from the battery terminal to the RF of C = p · | -Am | .tc power and an automatic (and (: value of the terminal b in the display unit simultaneously KyAmH magnitude and transmitted to the subtraction statistics;

[0010] (3)终端乙分设当前KYAmH和累计KYAmH量值统计记录栏目,当前KYAmH量值记录同一组蓄电池在当次接受充电过^中所充入ίΐ电量加之前充电后蓄电池内经过放电使用剩余电量之和称为实时的当前量,如果是当次接受充电结束后充入的电量加之前充电后蓄电池内剩余电量之和称为当前量,当前量栏内附设的百分比进度条量以当前量值作为100% 充满进度条,蓄电池转为放电使用时从当前栏记录数中进行减计量,对应的进度条亦按记录数的百分比为依据进行空格的增量显示。 [0010] (3) the current divided KYAmH terminal B and the magnitude of the accumulated statistical records KYAmH section, the magnitude of the current record in the same group KYAmH battery charge acceptance at the time when the through ^ after charging before the charged battery after addition ίΐ provided with battery discharge the remaining amount and the amount of current is called real-time, if it is within acceptable times when added after charging after charging before the charged amount of the battery remaining amount referred to the sum of the current amount, the amount of the percentage progress bar attached to the current amount of the current column Save metered increments the number of records from a current field when the magnitude of the progress bar is filled 100%, and discharge into the battery, the corresponding progress bar also be recorded as a percentage of the number of spaces based display. 实时地显示储存于蓄电池内真实电能量值是当前栏的用途; Displayed in real time on the real power value stored within the battery is the use of the current bar;

[0011] (4)累计KYAmH量值记录同一组蓄电池从全新的首次投入使用到彻底报废的重新更换一组蓄电池止ΐ计从ACDC的γ输出端接受电能量数值,用以判断该蓄电池由于变革柔性充电方法后所延长的寿命指数。 [0011] (4) the accumulated value recorded in the same group of battery KYAmH from a new first put into use to replace the total loss of a group of battery stopper receiving an electrical energy meter ΐ γ value from the ACDC output terminal, for determining whether the battery change since the flexible charging method after prolonged life exponent.

[0012] 本发明的优点在于:本发明所述的一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法;本发明将刚性充电方法变革为柔性充电方法;将恒定的1〇电流持续时间Η分割成t A1~tA9=lS的Aml~ Am9脉冲电流,在Rc+Re被Am · (tA1~tA9)累积增大电阻(Rc+Re活性力降低)梗阻A = AmeTat衰减时停止Ami~Am9 = 0的tBl~tB9 = 0.3S间歇或tB10 = 0.8S间歇或tc = 0.5S期间从蓄电池释放-AJt冲电流激发Rc+Re活性力(Rc+Re电阻值降低)的循环控制柔性充电方法可使蓄电池接受电能量的RQ+R c+Re活性力旺盛程度得到持续锻炼,柔性充电的3.923C速率相较于刚性充电的0.2C速率可使充电速率提高19倍;专家论证:柔性充电相较于刚性充电可减少充电过程中的电能量损耗约44.5% ;专家论证:柔性充电相较于刚性充电可使蓄电池寿命延长约4.5 倍。 [0012] The advantage of the present invention is that: the electric power to a battery of the present invention, charging and storage method; method of the present invention, the rigid transformation is a flexible charging method for charging; 1〇 the constant current duration t A1 into Η ~ tA9 = Aml ~ Am9 lS pulse current in Rc + Re is Am · (tA1 ~ tA9) cumulative increase the resistance (Rc + Re force lowering activity) a = obstruction stop Ami ~ Am9 = tBl 0 ~ decay time AmeTat tB9 = 0.3S batch or intermittent or tB10 = 0.8S tc = 0.5S release -AJt overshoot current from the battery during the excitation force activity Rc + Re (Rc + Re resistance value decreases) of the charging cycle control method of a flexible battery can accept the electrical energy the RQ + R c + Re level of active force sustained vigorous exercise, 3.923C flexible charging rates as compared to the 0.2C charging rate rigidity can improve the charging rate 19 times; experts: a flexible charging can be reduced as compared to the rigidity of the charging electrical energy during charging of the loss of about 44.5%; experts: rigid compared to the flexible charging can charge the battery life extended by about 4.5 times.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 图1是连续Ιο电流充电方法框图[0014]图2是柔性充电方法框图[0015]图3是柔性充电循环控制波形图 [0013] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a continuous current charging method [0014] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a flexible charging method Ιο [0015] FIG. 3 is a waveform diagram of a flexible charging cycle control

[0016]图4~13是10个步伐分别在终端甲的《蓄电池电能量充入统计记录仪》和终端乙的《蓄电池储存电量值统计记录仪》显示出在图3的一个循环波形控制下蓄电池电能充入与储存统计过程:具体为 [0016] FIGS. 4 to 13 is 10 steps, respectively, at a cycle of the waveform of FIG. 3 of the control terminal A of the "battery electric energy charged into the statistics log" and the terminal B of the "battery stored power value statistics instrument" shows electrical energy storage battery is charged with the statistical process: specifically

[0017] 图4在tAi = 1S期间由蓄电池自主判断满足Ite+Rc+Re < 0 · 034 Ω条件下Aml = (γ_γ2)/ (I^+Rc+Re) = (561 · 6V-480V)/0 · 034 Ω = 2400Α从ACDC的y端流向端,蓄电池接受到的电量是X · Ami · tAi = 561.6V · 2400A · lS=1347.84KXAmS = 0.3744KyAJl; [0017] FIG. 4 during tAi = 1S meet Aml under Ite + Rc + Re <0 · 034 Ω conditions by a battery of independent determination = (γ_γ2) / (I ^ + Rc + Re) = (561 · 6V-480V) / 0 · 034 Ω = 2400Α ACDC flows from the end of the y side, received power of the battery is X · Ami · tAi = 561.6V · 2400A · lS = 1347.84KXAmS = 0.3744KyAJl;

[0018] 图5在tA2 = 1S期间由蓄电池自主判断满足Ite+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Am2 = (y-y2)/ (I^+Rc+Re) = (561 · 6V-480V)/0 · 034 Ω = 2400A从ACDC的y端流向端,蓄电池接受到的电量是0·3744ΚχΑΛ+χ · A- · tA2 = 0.7488KyAJl; [0018] FIG. 5 During tA2 = 1S by a battery of independent determination satisfies Ite + Rc + Re <Am2 ​​= (y-y2) at 0.034 Ω conditions / (I ^ + Rc + Re) = (561 · 6V-480V) / 0 · 034 Ω = 2400A ACDC flows from the end of the y side, received power of the battery is 0 · 3744ΚχΑΛ + χ · A- · tA2 = 0.7488KyAJl;

[0019] 图6在tA3 = ls期间由蓄电池自主判断满足Rq+Rc+K 0.034 Ω条件下Am3 = (561 .6V-480V)/0.034 Ω =2400A从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量是0.7488KVAmH+V · Am3 · tA3 = 1.1232KVAmH; [0019] FIG. 6 during tA3 = ls determined by a battery of independent Rq + Rc + K 0.034 Ω under conditions Am3 = (561 .6V-480V) /0.034 Ω = 2400A satisfies γ flow from the end of the γ2 ACDC end, receives battery electricity is 0.7488KVAmH + V · Am3 · tA3 = 1.1232KVAmH;

[0020] 图7在tA4 = IS期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Am4 = 2400A从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量1.1232ΚγΑΛ+γ · Am · tA4=l .4976ΚγΑωΗ; [0020] FIG. 7 during tA4 = IS judged by a battery of independent I ^ + Rc + Re <Am4 = 2400A gamma] flows from the end of the lower end of the ACDC γ2 of 0.034 Ω conditions, received power battery 1.1232ΚγΑΛ + γ · Am · tA4 = l .4976ΚγΑωΗ;

[0021 ] 图8在tA5 = 1S期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0 · 034 Ω条件下Am = 2400Α从ACDC的y端流向端, [0021] FIG. 8 during tA5 = 1S independent from the battery is judged at I ^ + Rc + Re <0 · 034 Ω condition Am = 2400Α flows from the y terminal end ACDC,

[0022]蓄电池接受到的电量是1.4976ΚΥΑΛ+Υ · Am · tA5 = 1.7385KYAmH; [0022] battery power is received 1.4976ΚΥΑΛ + Υ · Am · tA5 = 1.7385KYAmH;

[0023] 图9在tA6= IS期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Arf = 2400A从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量是1.7385ΚγΑΛ+γ · Am6 · tA6 = 2.2464KYAmH; [0023] in FIG. 9 during tA6 = IS judged by a battery of independent I ^ + Rc + Re <Arf = 2400A gamma] flows from the end of the lower end of the ACDC γ2 of 0.034 Ω condition, the battery power is received 1.7385ΚγΑΛ + γ · Am6 · tA6 = 2.2464KYAmH;

[0024] 图10在tA7 = IS期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Am7 = 2400A从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量是2.2464ΚγΑΛ+γ · Am7 · tA7 = 2.6208KYAmH; [0024] FIG 10 during tA7 = IS judged by a battery of independent I ^ + Rc + Re <0.034 Ω under conditions Am7 = 2400A γ2 flows from terminal end ACDC gamma], the battery power is received 2.2464ΚγΑΛ + γ · Am7 · tA7 = 2.6208KYAmH;

[0025] 图11在tA8 = lS期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Αμ = 2400Α从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量是2.6208ΚγΑΛ+γ · Am8 · tA8 = 2.9952KYAmH; [0025] FIG. 11 tA8 = independent from the battery during lS judges that I ^ + Rc + Re <Αμ = 2400Α gamma] flows from the end of the lower end of the ACDC γ2 of 0.034 Ω condition, the battery power is received 2.6208ΚγΑΛ + γ · Am8 · tA8 = 2.9952KYAmH;

[0026] 图12在tA9 = IS期间由蓄电池自主判断出I^+Rc+Re < 0.034 Ω条件下Αμ = 2400Α从ACDC的γ端流向γ2端,蓄电池接受到的电量2.9952ΚγΑΛ+γ · Am9 · tA9 = 3.3696KYAmH; [0026] FIG. 12 tA9 = independent from the battery during the IS determines that the I ^ + Rc + Re <Αμ = 2400Α gamma] flows from the end of the lower end of the ACDC γ2 of 0.034 Ω conditions, received power battery 2.9952ΚγΑΛ + γ · Am9 · tA9 = 3.3696KYAmH;

[0027] 图13在tc = 0.5S期间由蓄电池的γ2端流向RF释放出-Am = 2400A电流,蓄电池内剩余电量3,36961(;^^112.|-厶^.仪=3.36961(;^^1-561.6¥. 240(^.0.55 = 3.36961(;^^1-0.187KpUH=3.1826KpWH。 [0027] FIG 13 during tc = 0.5S RF γ2 released by the end of the battery to flow a current -Am = 2400A, the remaining battery 3,36961 (; ^^ 112. | - ^ Si = 3.36961 meter (; ^. . ^ 1-561.6 ¥ 240 (^ 0.55 = 3.36961 (;. ^^ 1-0.187KpUH = 3.1826KpWH.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 下面将结合附图1-13对本发明进行详细说明,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0028] below with reference to the accompanying drawings 1-13 of the present invention is described in detail in the technical solutions of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiment. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0029] 本发明将刚性充电方法变革为柔性充电方法:如图2柔性充电方法框图; [0029] The method of the present invention, the rigid transformation is a flexible charging method for charging: block diagram in FIG. 2 a flexible charging method;

[0030] 按a=K/ ▲马斯第一定律原理:将恒定的I 〇电流持续时间Η分割成t A1~t A9 = 1S的Aml~Am9脉冲电流,在心+^被厶" · (tA1~tA9)累积增大电阻(Rc+Re活性力降低)梗阻A = Ame_at 衰减时停止Ami~Am9 = 0的tBl~tB9 = 0.3S间歇或tB10 = 0.8S间歇或tc = 0.5S期间从蓄电池释放-Am脉冲电流激发Rc+Re活性力(Rc+Re电阻值降低)的循环控制柔性充电方法可使蓄电池接受电能量的Rfl+Rc+Re活性力旺盛程度得到持续锻炼,柔性充电的3.923C速率相较于刚性充电的0.2C速率可使充电速率提高19倍;专家论证:柔性充电相较于刚性充电可减少充电过程中的电能量损耗约44.5% ;专家论证:柔性充电相较于刚性充电可使蓄电池寿命延长约4.5倍。 [0030] by a = K / ▲ Maas first law principle: constant current duration Η I square is divided into t A1 ~ t A9 = 1S Aml ~ Am9 the pulse current, the heart is Si + ^ "· (tA1 ~ tA9) cumulative increase the resistance (Rc + Re active force decreases) when a = Ame_at obstruction stop attenuation of Ami ~ Am9 = 0 tBl ~ tB9 = 0.3S or intermittently during the intermittent tB10 = 0.8S or released from the battery tc = 0.5S -Am excitation pulse current active force Rc + Re (Rc + Re resistance value decreases) of the charging cycle control method of a flexible battery can accept the electrical energy Rfl + Rc + Re level of active force sustained vigorous exercise, flexible charging rate 3.923C compared to the rigid charging rate of 0.2C charging rate can increase 19-fold; experts: a flexible charging can be reduced as compared to the rigidity of the charging electrical energy loss during charging from about 44.5%; experts: rigid compared to the flexible charging charge It can extend the battery life of about 4.5 times.

[0031] 传统刚性的充电是将蓄电池标称容量的AH值大小都确定成1C,例如标称量400AH 以Α〇=(γ-γ2)/ΚΩ = 400Α电流持续1H为其充满400AH电量便称充电速率为1C是将蓄电池认知为单纯可储纳电能量的物理容器且电压差和电阻都不会随充电过程变化而γ_γ 2电压差又是真实地随充电过程中单纯的物理内阻Ι?ω凸显出是Ro+Rc+Re电阻值增大抬升p = Am (Rfi+Rc+Re)电压而缩减γ-γ2电压差梗阻A〇电流的不清晰充电速率单位,按A m=(Y_Y2)/(Rfi+ Rc+Re)等式在充电过程中出现&=Am( Rfi+Rc+Re)升高梗阻Ami流时从蓄电池γ2端向RF释放出C电量激发I^+Rc+Re活性力旺盛(电阻值降低)条件下蓄电池从Α⑶C的γ端接受Κ电量的充电速率是清晰的充电速率单位。 [0031] The conventional rigid AH charge is nominal capacity value of the size of the battery are determined to 1C, for example, to a nominal amount 400AH Α〇 = (γ-γ2) / ΚΩ = 400Α 1H its full duration current will charge said 400AH 1C is a charge rate of the battery can be perceived as a simple physical storage of electric energy is satisfied and the voltage difference between the container and the resistance will not change with the charging process the voltage difference γ_γ 2 is truly simple physical process as charging resistance Ι ? [omega] highlights Ro + Rc + Re is the resistance value is increased lifting p = Am (Rfi + Rc + Re) a voltage reduction rate of charging units unclear γ-γ2 obstruction A〇 current voltage difference, according to a m = (Y_Y2 ) / (Rc + Re active force Rfi + Rc + Re) equation occurred during charging & = Am (Rfi + Rc + Re) increases from the battery when the flow obstruction Ami end γ2 C released to charge excitation RF ^ + I strong (resistance value decrease) is received from the battery under a charging rate γ Κ end Α⑶C electricity charge rate is clear units.

[0032]图2柔性充电方法框图;图2中ϊ、A⑶C、γ、γ2、BT字符的文字含义与图1相同,图2中增加了QA1和QA2开关及RF元件,电流流动从单一方向的1〇变革为Am和-Am的双向,QA1承担从y流向P的Am脉冲电流流通任务,QA2承担从γ2流向RF的-Am负脉冲电流流通任务,RF是接受-A m的负载体,RF又分成RF1,RF2和RF3种类,当接受4»电流后是以电热形式被损耗成负能量时称RF1负载体;-A m电流可以变通为是由正向接受六》电流的BT1外的负向接受-Am电流BT2而转化成再生能源时称BT2为RF2负载体;4»电流也可以变通为是由能将直流电流-A m逆变成50Hz交流电流回馈到电网的逆变器转化成再生能源时称该逆变器为RF3负载体。 [0032] The second flexible charging method of a block diagram; the same meaning of the text of FIG. 2 ϊ, A⑶C, γ, γ2, BT character 1 in FIG. 2 increases QA1 and QA2 switches and RF components, the current flow from a single direction 1〇 revolutionize Am -Am and bidirectional, QA1 Am bear pulse current flows from the task flow P y, QA2 assume RF from flowing -Am γ2 negative pulse current passing task, it is to accept RF -A m of body load, RF divided into RF1, RF2 and RF3 type, RF1 said electric load when the body is in the form of a negative energy loss when receiving 4 »is current; -A m current can be adapted to accept a negative to positive by outside BT1 six" current the current acceptance -Am BT2 BT2 is converted into said body when a load RF2 RE; 4 »current can also work as a reverse direct current -A m can become 50Hz AC grid current feedback to the inverter is converted to the inverter is RF3 said load body when renewable energy.

[0033]图2中的QA1和QA2开关是由控制器从充电始顺序闭合QA1持续tA1~tA9=lS从A⑶C 的Χ端向p端流过Ami~Am9,蓄电池被充进K = Y(Aml · tAl+Am2 · tA2+......+Am9 · tA9)电量,在tAi~tA9中间插入断开QA1间歇tBi~tB9 = 0 · 3S或tBio = 0 · 8s间歇或闭合QA2持续tc = 0 · 5s从艺2向RF端流过-Am从蓄电池内释放出C = ^2· |-Am| 电量激发蓄电池内Rc+Re活性力旺盛(Rc+Re电阻值被降低)条件下蓄电池所获得的K值电量,由开关QA1和QA2的控制顺序形成图3 的控制波形图。 In [0033] FIG. 2 QA1 and QA2 switches are sequentially closed by the controller starts from the charging duration QA1 tA1 ~ tA9 = lS Ami ~ Am9 flows from the p-side end A⑶C Χ, the battery is charged into K = Y (Aml · tAl + Am2 · tA2 + ...... + Am9 · tA9) power, the intermediate tAi ~ tA9 inserted intermittently disconnect QA1 tBi ~ tB9 = 0 · 3S tBio = 0 · 8s or intermittent or continuous closed QA2 tc = 0 · 5s for art through the second flow to the RF end -Am released from the battery C = ^ 2 · | -Am | Rc + Re power excitation force vigorous activity within the battery (Rc + Re the resistance value is lowered) obtained under the condition of the battery K value power control waveforms of FIG. 3 is formed by a sequence control switch QA1 and QA2 of.

[0034] 图3柔性充电循环控制波形图;图3中K = y · (Ami · tAl+Am2 · tA2+. . .+Am9+tA9)是从出端向蓄电池的,端充入的电能量;C=p · |-Am卜tc是蓄电池的γ2端向RF释放出的电能量,K与C的计量是传统的电压表和电流表因其指针摆幅存在惯性不能瞬时跟踪的快速变化计量过程,需要变通计量方法为用电压传感器检测Y和P值;用电流传感器检测A m 和4"值,还需要将电能量计量KVAH变通为RYAmH;KYAmH中的γ特指ACDC输出端直流电压量是严格限制在? = 1(矛的具体数值而非随意^高的y值;旨是柔性充电方法下蓄电池从ACDC的输出端接受离散的Ami~脉冲电流和从蓄电池的&端释放到RF的-AJ0C冲电流的加减集合数值,用液晶终端显示出蓄电池电能量充入与储存统计结果。 [0034] FIG 3 flexible charging cycle control waveforms; Figure 3 K = y · (... Ami · tAl + Am2 · tA2 + + Am9 + tA9), the end of the charged electrical energy end of the battery from the output; C = p · | -Am Bu tc is the end of the electrical energy of the battery is released to the γ2 RF, K and C are metered traditional voltmeter and ammeter swing because of the presence of rapid changes in the pointer metering process is not instantaneous inertia track, need for the use of alternative measurement methods, and a voltage sensor for detecting the Y value P; detected by the current sensor 4 and a m "values, but also need to work as an electrical energy metering KVAH RYAmH; γ KYAmH ACDC especially in an amount of DC voltage output terminal is strictly 1 = limited to specific numerical values ​​(rather than spear high random value y ^;? purpose is Ami ~ lower flexible current pulse charging method of the battery receiving ACDC discrete from the output terminal of the battery and released from the end of the RF & -AJ0C subtraction current set value of the red, showing the battery charging electrical energy stored statistical results with a liquid crystal terminal.

[0035] 蓄电池电能量充入与储存统计系统方法为; [0035] The electrical energy of the battery charging system and method of storing statistical;

[0036] (1)分别在充电设备的ACDC输出端安装一套《蓄电池电能量充入统计记录仪》的液晶显示终端甲和在接受充电的蓄电组安装一套《蓄电池储存电量值统计记录仪》的液晶显示终端乙。 [0036] (1) are mounted on a charging device ACDC output of the "battery electric energy charged into the recorder Statistics" A liquid crystal display terminal and receiving a charge of the power storage unit mounting "charge value statistics storage battery instrument "b liquid crystal display terminal.

[0037] (2)蓄电池接受充电的过程中是由终端甲处理柔性充电方法下蓄电池从ACDC的γ 输出端接受离散的K = y · (Ami · tAl+Am2 · tA2+…+Am9 · tA9)电能量和从蓄电池^2端释放到RF 的C = p· |-Am| .tc电量并自动进行1(与(:值加减统计后以KyAmH量值单位显示的同时又传送给终端乙。 [0037] (2) the battery receiving the charging process is processed by the terminal A lower flexible battery-charging method accepts discrete K from γ output of ACDC a = y · (Ami · tAl + Am2 · tA2 + ... + Am9 · tA9) electrically and energy is released from the battery to the RF ^ 2 end of C = p · | .tc power and an automatic (and (| -Am: statistical value subtraction unit to simultaneously display the magnitude KyAmH and b to the terminal.

[0038] (3)终端乙的《蓄电池储存电量值统计记录仪》分设当前K^AmH和累计K^AmH量值统计记录栏目,当前KYAmH量值记录同一组蓄电池在当次接受充电过程中所充入电量加之前充电后蓄电池内经过放电使用剩余电量之和称为实时的当前量,如果是当次接受充电结束后充入的电量加之前充电后蓄电池内剩余电量之和称为当前量,当前量栏内附设的百分比进度条量以当前量值作为100%充满进度条(无空格),蓄电池转为放电使用时从当前栏记录数中进行减计量,对应的进度条亦按记录数的百分比为依据进行空格的增量显示。 [0038] (3) the terminal B of the "battery value statistics stored power meter" K ^ AmH divided into current and the magnitude of the accumulated statistical records K ^ AmH section, the magnitude of the current record in the same group KYAmH battery charge acceptance at the time when the process of prior to adding the charged electric charge through the discharge after the battery remaining amount of use and the amount of current is called real-time, if it is within acceptable times when charging the battery after completion of charging before the addition of the remaining amount of electricity charged sum amount of current is called, column attached to the current amount of the percentage progress bar in an amount of 100% of the current value as the progress bar is filled (without spaces) from the battery into the number of measurement records under reduced when the discharge current field use, also by the progress bar corresponding to the number of records the percentage increments were based display spaces. 实时地显示储存于蓄电池内真实电能量值是当前栏的用途。 Real-time display real energy stored in the batteries is the use of the current value column.

[0039] (4)累计KYAmH量值记录同一组蓄电池从全新的首次投入使用到彻底报废的重新更换一组蓄电池止累计从ACDC的γ输出端接受电能量数值,用以判断该蓄电池由于变革柔性充电方法后所延长的寿命指数。 [0039] (4) the accumulated value recorded in the same group of battery KYAmH from a new first put into use to replace the total loss of a group of battery stopper receiving electrical energy accumulated value from γ ACDC output terminal of the battery is determined to change because of the flexible the method of charging after prolonged life exponent.

[0040] 例1: 一组标称容量400ΑΗ,标称电压= 480V的铅酸蓄电池按柔性充电方法规则ACDC的输出端应限制γ=Κι · 480V = 561.6V绝对化100%地充满电量应储纳561.6V · 400ΑΗ =224.64KYAmH电量,当该蓄电池组在被报废时观察累计栏中如果已有224641(;^^1的记录可判断该蓄电池寿命指数:22464/224.64= 100。(铅酸电池的Ki = 1.17;镍氢电池的Ki = 1.25; 其它可充电池由说明书规定的最高充电限压γ和标称电压以心=γ/γ2求得)。 [0040] Example 1: A set of nominal capacity 400ΑΗ, nominal voltage = 480V lead-acid battery charging method according to an output end of the flexible rules should be limited ACDC γ = Κι · 480V = 561.6V absolute 100% of full charge should be stored sodium 561.6V · 400ΑΗ = 224.64KYAmH charge, when the battery pack is observed when the total column has been scrapped if 224,641 (; 1 ^^ recording may be judged that the battery life indicator: 22464 / 224.64 = 100. (Lead Acid battery the Ki = 1.17; NiMH Ki = 1.25; maximum charge voltage limiting other rechargeable battery gamma] defined by the specification and the nominal voltage to heart = γ / γ2 determined).

[0041] 蓄电池电量充入与储存统计过程: [0041] battery is fully charged into the process and storage statistics:

[0042]蓄电池在充电过程中是由终端甲对Κ与C值自动进行加减统计后传送给终端乙的, 且是在终端乙有当前和累计存量的基础上进行自动累计。 [0042] In the battery charging process after Κ is transmitted by the subtraction value C of the automated terminal A to the terminal B, and is accumulated automatically on the basis of the current and the terminal B has accumulated on the stock.

[0043] 例2-组标称容量400ΑΗ,标称电压γ2 = 480V的铅酸电池是全新的首次接受充电则终端乙的当前和累计存量均为零值状态,按^性充电方法规则: [0043] Example 2 set of nominal capacity 400ΑΗ, γ2 = 480V nominal voltage of the lead-acid battery is a new stock of naive accumulated charge current and the terminal B are zero state value, according to the charging method of rules ^:

[0044] ACDC的输出端应限制y=1.17 · 480V = 561.6V,ACDC的输出储备容量应达到Am = 6A · 400 = 2400A时能以3.923C速率从X向充入电量,是以Am=(y-y2)/(I^+R c+Re)等式在tAl~tA9 = Is期间由蓄电池自主判断其充电过程中因tBl~tB9 = 0.3S间歇或tB10 = 0.8S间歇或tc = 0 · 5S的I -Am I =Am脉冲电流激发Rc+Re活性力旺盛程度达到Rfi+Rc+R e < 0 · 034 Ω条件下以 [0044] ACDC output terminal should be limited to y = 1.17 · 480V = 561.6V, ACDC output reserve capacity should reach Am = 6A · 400 = 2400A is enabled at a rate 3.923C from X to the charged capacity, is Am = ( y-y2) / (I ^ + R c + Re) equations tAl ~ tA9 = Is by the battery during the charging process is determined autonomously by tBl ~ tB9 = 0.3S batch or intermittent tB10 = 0.8S or tc = 0 · the 5S I -Am I = Am pulse current excitation Rc + Re strong active force reaches the lower extent Rfi + Rc + R e <0 · 034 Ω conditions

[0045] △^1~19=(561.6¥-480¥)/0.034 〇=2400从厶〇0(:的;^端流向;^2端充进1( = ;^· (Ami · tAi+Am2 · tA2+. . .+Am9+tA9) = 561.6V · 2400A · 9S=12130.56KVAmS = 3.3696kVAmH (3600KpWS/3600S=lKXAJl),从蓄电池的端向RF放出C = y2 · |-A」· tc = 561.6V · 2400A · 0.5S = 673.92KpUS = 0.187KyAJL [0045] △ ^ 1 ~ 19 = (561.6 ¥ -480 ¥) /0.034 = 2400 square 〇0 from Si (:; a ^ end flows; ^ charged into the second end 1 (=; ^ · (Ami · tAi + Am2 ... · tA2 + + Am9 + tA9) = 561.6V · 2400A · 9S = 12130.56KVAmS = 3.3696kVAmH (3600KpWS / 3600S = lKXAJl), from the C terminal of the battery is discharged to RF = y2 · | -A "· tc = 561.6 V · 2400A · 0.5S = 673.92KpUS = 0.187KyAJL

[0046] 图4~13的10个步伐分别在终端甲的《蓄电池电能量充入统计记录仪》和终端乙的《蓄电池储存电量值统计记录仪》显示出在图3的一个循环波形控制下蓄电池电能充入与储存统计过程。 [0046] 10 step 4 to 13 are in the terminal A of the "battery electric energy charged into the statistics log" and the terminal B of the "battery stored power value statistics Instrument" showing in the next cycle of the waveform of FIG. 3 control electrical energy storage battery is charged with the statistical process.

[0047]图4~13仅显示出在图3的一个循环波形控制下蓄电池电能量充入与储存的统计过程,且是遵循Am= (Y_Y2)/(RQ+Rc+Re)等式由蓄电池自主判断在tBl~tB9 = 0.3S间歇tB10 = 0.8S间歇或tc = 0.5S的从向RF1 ~RF3释放C=y2 · |-Am| · tc = 0.187KyAmH电量激发Rq+Rc +Re活性力旺盛的程度为Ro+Rc+Re < 0 · 034 Ω和γ-γ2 = 561 · 6V-480V = 81 · 6V值固定的条件下蓄电池会顺畅地从六⑶⑶处输出端接受K = 3.3696-0.187 = 3.1826KYAmH电量。 [0047] FIGS. 4 to 13 show only the electrical energy in the battery cycle of a waveform of FIG. 3 controls charging and storage of the statistical process, and is followed Am = (Y_Y2) / (RQ + Rc + Re) Equation from a battery independent determined tBl ~ tB9 = 0.3S batch or intermittent tB10 = 0.8S tc = 0.5S release from the C = y2 · RF1 ~ RF3 | -Am | · tc = 0.187KyAmH power excitation Rq + Rc + Re activity fecund the degree of Ro + Rc + Re <0 · 034 Ω and γ-γ2 = 561 · 6V-480V = 81 · 6V battery will smoothly accept the value K from the output of the fixed six conditions ⑶⑶ = 3.3696-0.187 = 3.1826 KYAmH power.

[0048] 一个图3的循环波形控制周期是13S(是tAi~tA9 = 9S; tBi~tB9 = 2 · 7S; tBio = 0 · 8S; tc = 0.5S的合计),如果以一组标称容量400AH,标称电压γ2 = 480V铅酸电池绝对化100 %储纳满度电量是561.65¥*40(^!1=224.641(;^^计算则224.64/3.1826 »71个图3的循环控制13S · 71=923S(约合15.3min或0.26H)可将该组电池100%充满电量,是在γ-γ2 = 81.6ν为固定值条件下的推算出的充电速率。 _ _ Cycle waveform control period [0048] FIG. 3 is a 13S (a tAi ~ tA9 = 9S; tBi ~ tB9 = 2 · 7S; tBio = 0 · 8S; tc = the total 0.5S), if a set of nominal capacity 400AH, γ2 = 480V nominal voltage of lead acid batteries is satisfied absolute storage capacity of 100% of full scale is 561.65 ¥ * 40 (^ 1 = 224.641 (;! ^^ calculating the 224.64 / 3.1826 »loop control 71 in FIG. 3 13S · 71 = 923S (0.26H or about 15.3min) be the set of 100% fully charged battery, in γ-γ2 = 81.6ν fixed value under conditions of a charge rate calculated. _ _

[0049] 然而在Am=(y-y2)/(RQ+Rc+Re)等式中电压差中的值又是随y 2 = Am(RQ+Rc+ Re)被抬升后压缩Υ-Ρ<81.6ν方向变化的,通常在蓄电池被充满80%~90%程度后由于yp电压差趋近0值厶"便转折成A = Ame_at电流衰减,表达图4-13中的Κ=χ · (Aml · tA1+Am2 · tA2 +…+Am9 · tA9)在终端甲中的几何矩形面积高度也随Aml~Amq衰减成正比例地降低。 [0049] and yet with y 2 = Am (RQ + Rc + Re) in Am = (y-y2) / (RQ + Rc + Re) Equation value of the voltage difference in the post is raised compressed Υ-Ρ <81.6 after the change in direction ν, typically 80% to 90% of the full extent of the difference between the battery voltage approaches 0 since the value yp Si "will turn into a = Ame_at current decay, expressed in FIG. 4-13 Κ = χ · (Aml · tA1 + Am2 · tA2 + ... + Am9 · tA9) the geometric area of ​​the rectangle in height with the terminal a is also proportional damping Aml ~ Amq reduced.

[0050] 阻止Ami流衰减的途径是增大_Am,硬碰硬的增大_A m损耗阻止六》衰减会面临:FCI 接口(将从ACDC正方向对BT充电和BT对RF放电的联接电缆,BT电池组内部各个单只BT相互串联线缆和转接器三位一体所组成的Fast-operate (快速)Chargtive (充电)Interface (接口)简称FCI)不能承受之1;快速充电的基础条件是需要ACDC输出备容量大硬成本投入高之2;大型ACDC需要在y端输入三相动力电源才能支持γ端口输出A m大电流之3;大型ACDC 体积大占地面积也大之4;大型ACDC还需要在柔性充电过程中从向RF释放出相对应的-Am 才能疏通Am从Y流向γ2的通道且是Am越大相应的-Am需求越大之5;-Am越大采用RF2或RF3负载体而将释放C = Y2· I-Am I ·ΐ(;电量转化成再生能源价值越能快速发挥作用之6;也只有在建立公共充电站时2~6条件才能有效地发挥作用。 [0050] Ami prevent flow route is to increase attenuation _Am, increasing head-loss preventing six _A m "Attenuation face: FCI interface (ACDC positive direction from the BT and BT charging cable coupling the RF discharge, inside each battery BT BT single series with each other and the adapter cable Trinity consisting of fast-operate (fast) Chargtive (charging) Interface (Interface) referred FCI) can not bear 1; basic conditions is the need for fast charging ACDC Preparation of hard output capacity of the high investment costs 2; ACDC large power required to support the three-phase input power γ output port A m at a large current of 3 y end; ACDC large area is also large volume of 4 large; large need ACDC released from the flexible charging process corresponding to the RF -Am to clear the flow path from the Y γ2 Am and Am is larger the greater the demand for the corresponding -Am. 5; -Am RF2 or RF3 using larger load thereof and the release of C = Y2 · I-Am I · ΐ (; renewable energy is converted into power values ​​of the more quickly functioning 6; only 2-6 conditions can effectively play a role in the establishment of public charging stations.

[0051 ] 顺势地后退一步:采用(224.64ΚΥΑΛ · 80%)/3.1826ΚγΑΛ=57个图3的循环控制在13S · 57 = 741S(约合12.4min或0.21Η)内达到为该蓄电池组充满80%电量目标后换挡为ACDC输出Am储备容量小成本低相对应的|-Am | =Am损耗也低,以延长时间换取低成本充电方式为该蓄电池组余下的20 %电量空间100 %充满。 [0051] The advantage of the opportunity to take a step back: using (224.64ΚΥΑΛ · 80%) loop / 3.1826ΚγΑΛ = 57 dpi 3 is controlled within the 13S · 57 = 741S (or about 12.4min 0.21Η) for the battery reaches full 80 % shift amount and outputs the target ACDC Am reserve capacity corresponding small low cost | -Am | = Am loss is low cost in exchange for extended periods of time for charging the battery pack space remaining 20% ​​to 100% full power.

[0052] 例3: -组标称容量400AH;标称电压= 480 V的铅酸蓄电池组采用柔性充电的前提条件是400(:输出端严格限制为2=1(1;^ = 1.17. 480¥ = 561.6¥400(:输出储备容量八。 2400六;受控于图3的??2冊循环控制(图3所表达的口〇8;[1:;[¥680¥1^(正向)?381:(^6抑七6(快速)Zero speed (零速)Negative direct ion (反方向)Reeurrent (循环的)控制波形简称PFZNR]周期13S内从ACDC的γ端向γ2端充进K = 3.3696ΚΥΑΛ电量;从γ2向负载体RF2或RF3释放出C = 0.187KYAmH电量,充进蓄电池内电量净值KC = 3.3696-0.187 = 3.1826KYAmH,经过57个??2冊循环控制在133. 57 = 7415(约合12.4111丨11或0.21!1)为该组电池充满224.64 · 80 % = 179.712ΚγΑΛ电量的同时也从向负载体释放出C = 0.187.57 = 10.659ΚΥΑΛ电量, 当负载体是RF2或RF3时是将C量值转化成再生能源。 [0052] Example 3: - Group nominal capacity 400AH; = nominal voltage of 480 V lead-acid battery of a flexible charging prerequisite 400 (: strictly limited to the output terminal 2 = 1 (1; 480 ^ = 1.17. ¥ = 561.6 ¥ 400 (:. 2400 six eight output reserve capacity; controlled by the control loop of FIG. 2 ?? 3 (FIG. 3 port expressed 〇8; [1:; [¥ 680 ¥ 1 ^ (forward ) 381:? (^ 6 inhibition seven 6 (fast) zero speed (zero speed) Negative direct ion (the reverse direction) Reeurrent (cycle) control waveform filled into K to γ2 end of the abbreviated PFZNR] period 13S from the γ end ACDC of = 3.3696ΚΥΑΛ power; γ2 is released from the load to the body RF2 or RF3 C = 0.187KYAmH charge, the charge of battery power into the net KC = 3.3696-0.187 = 3.1826KYAmH, 57 through the control loop ?? 2 = 133.57 7415 (or about 0.21 12.4111 Shu 11! 1) that group the battery is fully 224.64 · 80% = 179.712ΚγΑΛ electricity to the load and also from the release material the C = 0.187.57 = 10.659ΚΥΑΛ power, RF2 or when the support is a when the C value is RF3 converted to renewable energy.

[0053] 剩余的224.64KyAmH · 20%=44.9281(;^111!1电量空间从六00(:输出储备容量八111之2400A可达到3.923C高速率换挡为0.03923C低速率ACDC输出储备容量A m = 24A(ACDC的输出端y=561.6V保持不变)后在一个PFZNR周期13S的从ACDC的γ端向γ2充进K = 561.6V · 24A · 9S = 0.033696KyAmH,从向RF释放出C = 0.00187KyAmH电量,充进蓄电池内电量净值是KC =0.031831(;^^1,经过44.928/0.03183=1411个??2冊循环控制在135.1411 = 181435(约合306min或5.1H)为该蓄电池充满100%电量。 [0053] The remaining 224.64KyAmH · 20% = 44.9281 (; ^ 111 1 600 from the space charge (: output 2400A reserve capacity of up to 111 eight high rate 3.923C 0.03923C shift to a low output rate reserve capacity ACDC A! m = post 24A (the output of the ACDC y = 561.6V remains unchanged) in the 13S γ2 charge into K = 561.6V · 24A · 9S = 0.033696KyAmH, released from a period from γ PFZNR ACDC end to the RF C = 0.00187KyAmH electricity, the battery power into the net charge is KC = 0.031831 (; ^^ 1, after 44.928 / 1411 = 0.03183 ?? 2 = 181435 cycle control in 135.1411 (about 306min or 5.1H) for battery full 100% power.

[0054] 在0.21H内的高速率为该组电池充进179.712KYAmH电量,从蓄电池内释放出C = 10.659KYAmH电量到RF2或RF3中被转化成再生能源。 [0054] In the high-speed rate 0.21H charge the battery pack into the battery 179.712KYAmH, C = 10.659KYAmH released from the charge to RF2 or RF3 in the battery is converted into regenerated energy.

[0055] 在5.1H内该组铅酸电池充进44.928KyAmH电量,从蓄电池内释放出C = 0.00187 · 1411 « 2.64KpUH电量。 [0055] In the group of the lead-acid battery charge 5.1H 44.928KyAmH into electricity, releasing C = 0.00187 · 1411 «2.64KpUH power from the battery.

[0056]高速率充电与低速度率充电的灵活度: [0056] The high-rate charge and the charging rate of the low speed flexibility:

[0057]高速率的0.21Η充电核心目的是:提升Hb : Ha值(将同一组蓄电池的充电等待时间称为Ha;使用(放电)时间称为Hb;同一组蓄电池的Ηβ:Ηα比值越大使用效率越高),缩短充电等待时间Ha;尽可能地延长电池的使用时间Ηβ,以发挥其使用效率,高速充电需要ACDC有足够的A m输出储备容量支撑,Am越大越能锻炼蓄电池的生命活力延长蓄电池寿命,高速的六》需要在充电过程中从P向RF释放出相应的-A m才能疏导出Am从y流向&的通道;高速充电需要在具备2~6条件的公共充电站进行。 [0057] 0.21Η object of high-rate charging core are: to enhance Hb: Ha value (the same group of battery charging referred Ha of latency; use (discharge) time is called Hb of; the same set of batteries Ηβ: the larger the ratio Ηα the higher efficiency), shortening the waiting time Ha of charge; possible to extend the battery use time Ηβ, in order to play its efficiency, high-rate charging requires ACDC sufficient reserve capacity to support the output a m, Am can exercise greater the battery life activity extend battery life, the six-speed "during the charging process needs to be released from the corresponding P to the RF -A m in order to divert the flow from the y-Am & passage; requires high-speed charging conditions have 2-6 public charging station .

[0058]低速率5.1H充电核心目的是将蓄电池尽可能地100%充满电量,以预防余下电量空间渐变地生成硫化晶体而蚕食掉电池寿命,为了降低充电成本,从3.923C降低为0.03923C其ACDC成本相应地被降低到仅1 %,小型的A⑶C对Ϊ输入端亦降为单相220V交流电即能支撑Am = 24A的输出电流;小型的ACDC体积也降低为不再占用公共场地的手提便携式,对蓄电池中的(Rfi+Rc+ReX 0 · 034 Ω也降低为γ-γ2/Αω=81 · 6V/24A = 3 · 4 Ω ;相应的从向RF释放|-Am | =Am也可降低为|-Am | <Am,由此还可以顺势地再次后退一步,以延伸更长^勺充电时间为该蓄电池充进44.928ΚΥΑΛ量的同时从蓄电池内释放出C< 2.64KYAmHi量而构建出:随-Am降低及充电时间的延伸所投入RF2或RF3将-A m转化成再生能源经济效益越低情况下转而选择RF1作_Am的负载体之1;坚持在5. 1H内以0.03923C速率为该蓄电池充进44.928KYAmH的同时从蓄电池内释 [0058] Low rate 5.1H charging the battery as the core object 100% of full charge, to prevent the remaining charge generating spatially graded sulfide crystals eating out of battery life, in order to reduce the charging costs, reduced from its 3.923C to 0.03923C ACDC costs are correspondingly reduced to only 1% of small A⑶C Ϊ input single-phase 220V AC power is also reduced can be supported i.e. Am = 24A output current; ACDC small volume is reduced to the space no longer occupied by the common hand-held portable , the battery (Rfi + Rc + ReX 0 · 034 Ω was also reduced to γ-γ2 / Αω = 81 · 6V / 24A = 3 · 4 Ω; corresponding to the release from the RF | -Am | = Am may be reduced to | -Am | <Am, thereby also homeopathy step back again, to extend the charging time longer ^ spoon constructed within the battery is released from the 2.64KYAmHi amount C <while for the battery charge amount into 44.928ΚΥΑΛ: with -Am reduced and the charge time extends into the RF2 or RF3 -A m RF1 converted into reproduction opting instead for a load of the body at the lower energy _Am economic situation; adhere to the inside 5. 1H 0.03923C battery charge rate into 44.928KYAmH for simultaneously released from the battery 放出C = 2.64KYAmH电量;又用在5.1H内投入RF2或RF3将-Am转化成再生能源之3的低速充电方案的取舍。 C = 2.64KYAmH discharged electricity; 5.1H inputs and used in the RF2 or RF3 -Am converted to low-offs of renewable energy charging scheme 3.

[0059] 柔性的Am = (y-y2) / (Rfi+Rc+Re)充电过程中需要从端向RF释放-Am激发Rfi+R c+Re活性力旺盛(降低电阻值)才能疏导出Am从ACDC的γ端流向γ2的通道γ-γ2,通道又是由Am从A⑶C的γ端流向γ2的过程中反方向地抬升γ2 = Am( Rfi+Rc+Re)值压缩小γ-γ2电压差而梗阻通道的。 [0059] The flexible Am = (y-y2) / (Rfi + Rc + Re) during charging needs to be released from the end to the excitation RF -Am Rfi + R c + Re strong active force (reduce the resistance value) in order to divert the Am [gamma] 2 of the flow channel γ-γ2 gamma] from the end of the ACDC, (Rfi + Rc + Re) value compresses γ-γ2 Am voltage channel is again flowing from side A⑶C gamma] [gamma] 2 in the process of lifting the opposite direction difference γ2 = Am the obstruction of the channel. RQ+Rc+R e中仅有Rq是固定电阻值的纯物理电阻;纯物理电阻在充ϋ程中电阻值保持不变,Rc+R e是生命体属性的化学极化电阻与生物活化电阻的串联组合体;以纯物理思维去寻找生命体Ro+Re在充电过程中电阻值增大与降低的因果关系有违科学;要精确的寻找出,R。 RQ + Rc + R e is a purely physical Rq only the resistance value of the fixed resistance; pure physical resistance remains unchanged resistance value of the charging process ϋ, Rc + R e is the polarization resistance and chemical resistance of a living body biologically active properties a series combination; thinking purely physically to find the resistance value Ro + Re living body in the process of charging the increase or decrease of causality contrary SCIENCES; to find out precisely, R. - Re在充电过程中电阻值增大(活性力从旺盛变呆滞)和电阻降低(活性力旺盛程度升高)的因果关系又涉及到蓄电池制造时的工艺和配方(生命体先天的遗传因素)蓄电池的失水程度(生命体的后天健康受损状况)的一系列纷繁复杂的数据,因果关系往往很难找到,通常我们认为找到的时候,都是在放弃寻找因果关系的传统偏好而不再追求精确性,有时得到2 加2约等于3.9的结果,也很不错了,为了了解大致的发展趋势愿意对精确性做出一些让步以高成本的0.21H高速率充电达到核心目的后尊重蓄电池接受电量的自然规律为前提后退一步降低充电速率达到低成本的5.1H(或再次后退一步的>5.1H)充电的核心目的的灵活度而挖掘出蓄电池"拥有储存着的或潜在只是处于体眠状态"的充电速率提升19倍;电能量损耗降低约44.5% ;寿命延长约4.5倍。 - Re the resistance value of the charging process is increased (from strong active force glazed) and resistance reduction (increased active force strong degree) also involves the causal relationship (congenital genetic factors living body) during the production process and formulation battery dehydration degree battery (acquired healthy living being damaged condition) of a series of complicated data, a causal relationship is often difficult to find, we usually think of when found, are giving up looking for a traditional preference rather than causality the pursuit of accuracy, sometimes with the result of 2 plus 2 equals about 3.9, is also very good, in order to understand the general trends for the accuracy willing to make some concessions to 0.21H high-speed high-cost charged to the core purpose of the respect for the battery to accept flexibility of the core object natural laws of electricity after a step back as a precondition to achieve cost reduction rate of charging 5.1H (or fall-back again> 5.1H) charging the battery while digging out "or has stored a potential dormancy state only in "charging rate up to 19 times; electrical energy consumption is reduced by about 44.5%; about 4.5-fold longer life.

[0060] 对一组标称容量400AH;标称电压γ2 = 48〇ν的铅酸电池用ACDC输出储备容量A。 [0060] to a set of nominal capacity 400AH; nominal voltage of the lead battery γ2 = 48〇ν ACDC output reserve capacity with A. 2400Α;输出Y=561.6V受控于PFZNR循环控制下的柔性充电时可达到3.923C充电速率在< 0.21H内充满80-90%电量后按换档为ACDC输出储备容量A m2 24A;输出Y=561.6V可达到0.03923C充电速率,在2 5.1H充满余下的10~20%电量,当对一组标称容量从400AH降为4AH,标称电压γ2 = 48〇ν的铅酸蓄电池充电时0.03923C速率又会自动地上升为3.923C速率可在<0.21!1内对标称容量44!1 ;标称电压;^ = 480¥铅酸电池充满80%~90%电量。 2400Α; 3.923C charge rate can be achieved when the output Y = 561.6V controlled by the control cycle at PFZNR flexible charging after full charge within 80-90% <0.21H ACDC output by the shifting of the reserve capacity A m2 24A; output Y = 561.6V 0.03923C charge rate can be achieved, the remaining filled to 20% capacity in 10 2 5.1H, when the nominal capacity of a set of reduced 4AH 400AH, γ2 = nominal voltage of the lead battery charging 48〇ν 0.03923C ground speed will automatically be promoted to the rate 3.923C <0.21 1 44 1 nominal capacity;!! nominal voltage; ^ = 480 ¥ lead-acid battery is full 80% to 90% capacity. 原本的充电速率计量单位是相对应于蓄电池全(10成)新时的标称容量而言,蓄电池又是根据生命体的先天遗传因素(制造时的工艺和配方)和后天的充放电中Rc+Re的健康受损状况(失水的程度)决定其自身从ACDC的γ端储纳进电能量的真实容量(不一定等同于标称容量)和从ACDC的γ端接受电能量的真实速率是高速率充电与低速率充电灵活度的另一视角的解读。 Original charge rate corresponding to the unit of measurement is the full battery (10 percent) in terms of the nominal capacity of the new battery and genetic factors based on life forms (during the production process and formulation) and acquired charge and discharge Rc + impaired health condition Re (the extent of water loss) to determine its own electrical energy from a feed end of the reservoir is satisfied ACDC γ real capacity (nominal capacity is not necessarily equivalent to) the true rate and receiving electrical energy from the γ end ACDC is a low rate and high rate charge charging Interpreting perspective dexterity.

[0061] 充人量记录与存储量记录之间的关系: [0061] The relationship between the charge amount of the recording person and recording the amount of storage:

[0062]终端甲安装在ACDC的操作面板上,任务是实时地记录和统计从ACDC的γ输出端向蓄电池p端输送出的Κ = Υ · (Aml+tAl+Am2 · tA2+......+Am9 · tA9 )电量值和p向RF释放的C = p ·卜^卜tc电量值并彳i送给终端乙后便完成其使命,充电结束后并不^要对数据进行保存。 Κ [0062] A terminal is mounted on the operation panel ACDC task records and statistics in real time delivery from γ to the output terminal of the battery ACDC p-side out = Υ · (Aml + tAl + Am2 · tA2 + ..... . + Am9 · tA9) and a p-value electric quantity released into Bu RF C = p · tc ^ Bu capacity value i to the terminal b and the left foot after completion of its mission, the charging is not stored ^ to the end of the data.

[0063]终端乙的《蓄电池储存电能量值统计记录仪》中的当前栏记录同一组蓄电池在当次接受充电过程所充人的电量加之前充电后蓄电池内经使用剩余电量之和的实时当前量, 是用于蓄电池使用(放电)者心中有数地实时地显示储存于蓄电池内真实的电能量值,预防蓄电池驱动的机器在两地之间运行中因电量不足而中途抛锚的尴尬境遇发生。 Current field records [0063] the terminal B of the "battery to store electrical energy magnitude Statistics Recorder" in the same group of battery to accept real-time current amount in the charging before the charging process the charging human power applied battery by using the remaining amount of the sum in when the time , for a battery use (discharge) are displayed in real time to know what is stored in the real magnitude of the electrical energy within the battery to prevent the battery-driven machines run between the two broke down due to low battery embarrassing situation occurs.

[0064] 终端乙的《蓄电池储存电能量值统计记录仪》中的累计记录同一组蓄电池从全新投入使用到更换新一组电池止累计储存的电量值,是以同一组蓄电池在其充放电循环使用寿命周期内从ACDC的γ端接受若干次充人离散且不一定相同的电量值又获得真实的放电使用的累加集合数。 [0064] the terminal B of the "magnitude of the battery to store electrical energy statistical Recorder" accumulated in the battery using the same set of records from a new capacity value into a new group to replace dead cells accumulated stored, based on the same set of batteries in which charging and discharging cycle receiving several times over the lifecycle of a discrete charge of people and not necessarily the same amount from the value γ and the end ACDC obtain the true set number accumulated discharge used.

[0065]以同一组蓄电池接受充人电能量累加和数/同一组蓄电池全新时标称可容纳电能量数=蓄电池寿命指数的方法判定蓄电池的真实使用寿命。 [0065] In the same group of battery to accept charge electrical energy accumulated sum people / groups the same nominal battery accommodating new = the number of electrical energy determination method of a battery life indicator real battery life.

[0066]终端乙所记录数据需要长期保存,仅有重新更换电池组时才对记录数据作清零处理。 [0066] the terminal B requires the recorded data is stored for a long, only replace the battery when the recording data for clearing processing.

[0067]对所公开的实施例的上述说明,使本领域专业技术人员能够实现或使用本发明。 [0067] The above description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 对这些实施例的多种修改对本领域的专业技术人员来说将是显而易见的,本文中所定义的一般原理可以在不脱离本发明的精神或范围的情况下,在其它实施例中实现。 Various modifications to these professionals skilled in the art of the present embodiments will be apparent, and the generic principles defined herein may be implemented in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. 因此,本发明将不会被限制于本文所示的这些实施例,而是要符合与本文所公开的原理和新颖特点相一致的最宽的范围。 Accordingly, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded herein consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed widest scope.

Claims (1)

  1. I. 一种蓄电池电能的充入与储存方法,其特征在于:按照如下方式进行; (1) 分别在充电设备的ACDC输出端安装液晶显示终端甲和在接受充电的蓄电组安装液晶显不终端乙; (2) 蓄电池接受充电的过程中是由终端甲处理柔性充电方法下蓄电池从ACDC^^枝俞出端接受离散的K=y · (Ami · tAl+Am2 · ΪΑ2+···+Αιη9 · tA9)电能量和从蓄电池Y2端释放到RF的C =P · |-Am| ·ΐ。 I. An electric energy charged into the battery storage method, wherein: performed as follows; (1) respectively mounted in the ACDC output of the liquid crystal display terminal A charging apparatus and a liquid crystal display is not installed in the charge acceptance of the storage group terminal b; (2) during the charging of the battery receiving process by the terminal a is lower flexible battery-charging method ^^ receiving end sticks out discrete Yu K = y · (Ami · tAl + Am2 · ΪΑ2 + ··· + Αιη9 from ACDC · tA9) and release of electrical energy from the battery to the Y2 end of the RF C = P · | -Am | · ΐ. 电量并自动进行K与C值加减统计后以KYAmH量值单位显示的同时又传送给终端乙; (3) 终端乙分设当前KYAmH和累计KYAmH量值统计记录栏目,当前Kpja:值记录同一组蓄电池在当次接受充电过程中所充入电量加之前充电后蓄电池内经过放电使用剩余电量之和称为实时的当前量,如果是当次接受充电结束后充入的电量加之前充电后蓄电池内剩余电量之和称为当前量,当前量栏内附设的百分比进度条量以当前量值作为100%充满进度条,蓄电池转为放电使用时从当前栏记录数中进行减计量,对应的进度条亦按记录数的百分比为依据进行空格的增量显示;实时地显示储存于蓄电池内真实电能量值是当前栏的用途; (4) 累计KYAmH量值记录同一组蓄电池从全新的首次投入使用到彻底报废的重新更换一组蓄电池止累计从ACDC的γ输出端接受电能量数值,用以判断该蓄电池由于变 And automatically power the K and C plus or minus the statistical magnitude KYAmH simultaneous display unit and transmitted to the terminal B; (3) the current divided KYAmH terminal B and the magnitude of the accumulated statistical records KYAmH column, current Kpja: the same set value of the recording in the secondary battery when the charging process after receiving the charged battery after charge and discharge before adding the remaining amount of real-time current and the amount referred to within the battery, if the time is acceptable when the end of charging the battery charging before the charged battery plus the current remaining power amount and referred to the percentage progress bar of the amount of the current amount of the column attached to the magnitude of the current progress bar 100% full, the battery discharging into the metering Save the current number of records in column use, the corresponding progress bar also increments space as a percentage based on the number of records displayed; real-time display real energy stored in the batteries is the use of value within the current column; (4) the magnitude of the cumulative KYAmH record the same set of batteries for the first time from a new use into total loss of the battery to replace a set of stop of electric energy accumulated value from γ receiving the output of the ACDC for determining whether the battery due to the variable 柔性充电方法后所延长的寿命指数。 The flexible charging method after prolonged life exponent.
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