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CN104111932A - Recognition method and device of ID (identity) card numbers - Google Patents

Recognition method and device of ID (identity) card numbers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104111932A
CN104111932A CN 201310134135 CN201310134135A CN104111932A CN 104111932 A CN104111932 A CN 104111932A CN 201310134135 CN201310134135 CN 201310134135 CN 201310134135 A CN201310134135 A CN 201310134135A CN 104111932 A CN104111932 A CN 104111932A
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card
id
number
method
recognition
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CN 201310134135
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104111932B (en )
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许金鹏
王洋
李健安
薛萍
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北京启明星辰信息技术股份有限公司
北京启明星辰信息安全技术有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRICAL DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30861Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers
    • G06F17/30864Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers by querying, e.g. search engines or meta-search engines, crawling techniques, push systems
    • G06F17/30867Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers by querying, e.g. search engines or meta-search engines, crawling techniques, push systems with filtering and personalisation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRICAL DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30943Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor details of database functions independent of the retrieved data type
    • G06F17/30964Querying
    • G06F17/30979Query processing
    • G06F17/30985Query processing by using string matching techniques

Abstract

The invention discloses a recognition method and device of ID (identity) card numbers and overcomes the defect that a mature method of recognizing ID card numbers from network data lacks at present. The recognition method includes: recognizing a character string, which may be an ID card number, from a character stream; verifying the character string, which many be the ID card number, according to ID card number encoding rules; using the ID card number, which may be the ID card number and which passes verification, as a positively effective ID card number. The recognition method and device of the ID card numbers according to the embodiment has the advantages that high-traffic webpage contents can be filtered and recognized in the network security field, accuracy is high, the speed is high, and small memory space is used in hardware equipment.

Description

一种身份证号码的识别方法及装置 Recognition Method and device ID number

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及号码识别技术,尤其涉及一种身份证号码的识别方法及装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to number identification technology, and particularly relates to a method and apparatus for identifying the ID number.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 身份证号码的识别在网路安全领域中,如入侵检测、短消息过滤、信息查询等方面均有重要的应用。 [0002] network ID number identifying the security field, such as intrusion detection, filtering the short message, information inquiry, etc. are important applications. 随着网络技术的发展和Internet的普及,个人信息等网络信息的安全和保护,越来越受到人们的重视。 With the security and protection of network information technology development and popularity of Internet networks, personal information, more and more people's attention.

[0003] 本文中身份证号码的识别,是指在网路信息处理系统中,从网络数据或者从文件数据(如网页)中,识别并提取出有效的身份证号码。 [0003] As used herein identified ID number, it refers to the net information processing system, the data from the network or from a file data (e.g., web pages), the identification and extracts a valid ID number. 这些号码有可能是网路上某些人的违规发布,容易造成个人隐私信息的泄露。 These numbers might be some people on the Internet by publishing, likely to cause leakage of personal private information.

[0004] 可以通过识别身份证号码,以及预警或者隐藏等手段,来保护身份证信息的违规泄漏。 [0004] by recognizing the ID number, as well as warning or hide other means to protect the identity illegal leaks of information. 但目前这方面还没有较为成熟的技术。 But this has not yet mature technology.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是克服目前还没有较为成熟的从网络数据中识别身份证号码的缺陷。 Problem to be solved by the invention [0005] This is overcome yet mature network identification data from the identification number of defects.

[0006] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种身份证号码的识别方法,包括: [0006] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a method of identifying the identification number, comprising:

[0007] 从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串; [0007] The character string may be identified from the identification number of the character stream;

[0008] 采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证; [0008] The encoding rules of the identification number may be a string of ID number verification;

[0009] 将通过验证的所述可能为身份证号码的字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 [0009] through the verification may be effective as an ID number for the string identification number.

[0010] 优选地,从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串,包括: [0010] Preferably, the identification character string from the character stream may be the identification number, comprising:

[0011] 采用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的哈希表对所述字符流进行字符识别; [0011] The pair capable of significant figures, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters terminator hash table to distinguish the character recognition character stream;

[0012] 将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为所述可能为身份证号码的字符串。 [0012] The string eighteen seventeen digits or numbers, and an identification string for X or X may be a string of the ID number.

[0013] 优选地,采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证, 包括: [0013] Preferably, a coding rule of the identification number may be a string of the ID number verification, comprising:

[0014] 采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码、出生日期码以及校验码的验证。 [0014] The coding rule identification number, verification of the address code may be the identification number string of code identification number, and date of birth of the checksum.

[0015] 优选地,采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码的验证,包括: [0015] Preferably, a coding rule identification number verification of the identification number of possible address codes is a character string identification number, comprising:

[0016] 利用二维数组对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行所述地址码的验证。 [0016] using a two dimensional array may be verified by the said address code is a character string identification number in the first six characters.

[0017] 优选地,利用所述二维数组的第一维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行所述地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用所述二维数组的第二维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行所述地址码的区内号码的验证; [0017] Preferably, with the first dimension of said two-dimensional array may be verified by a large number of administrative address code string of the ID number in the first three characters, using the two-dimensional the second dimension of the array may be of the character string identification number in the fourth to six characters to verify the address number area code;

[0018] 其中,所述二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量,第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 [0018] wherein the first dimension of the two dimensional array of length equal to a number greater than the number of valid administrative regions indicated by three digits, the length of the second dimension is not less than three digits in all valid numbers indicated greater administrative the number of district number.

[0019] 本申请还提供了一种身份证号码的识别装置,包括: [0019] The present application further provides a device for identifying the identification number, comprising:

[0020] 识别模块,配置为从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串; [0020] The identification module may be configured to identify the character string of the ID number from the character stream;

[0021] 验证模块,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证; [0021] The verification module configured to verify the possible use of the ID number for the coding rule of the identification number string;

[0022] 执行模块,配置为将通过验证的所述可能为身份证号码的字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 [0022] The execution module may be configured to be effective as an ID number verified by said string of the ID number.

[0023] 优选地,所述识别模块包括: [0023] Preferably, the identification module comprising:

[0024] 识别单元,配置为采用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的哈希表对所述字符流进行字符识别; [0024] The identification unit can be configured to employ the effective number, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters terminator hash table to distinguish the character recognition character stream;

[0025] 判断单元,配置为将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为所述可能为身份证号码的字符串。 [0025] The determination unit configured to recognize strings eighteen string of digits or numbers and seventeen one X or X may be a string of the ID number.

[0026] 优选地,所述验证模块包括: [0026] Preferably, the authentication module comprising:

[0027] 第一验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码的验证; [0027] The first verification unit, configured to employ a coding rule identification number verification of the identification number address code may be a string of the ID number;

[0028] 第二验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的出生日期码的验证; [0028] The second verification unit, configured to employ a coding rule identification number verification of the identification code may be the date of birth of a string of numbers of the ID number;

[0029] 第三验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的校验码的验证。 [0029] The third authentication unit configured to employ a coding rule identification number verification of the identification number may be the key code is a character string of the ID number.

[0030] 优选地,所述第一验证单元配置为利用二维数组对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行所述地址码的验证。 [0030] Preferably, the first verification unit is configured to utilize a two-dimensional array may be the character string identification number in the first six characters of the address code verification.

[0031] 优选地,所述第一验证单元配置为利用所述二维数组的第一维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行所述地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用所述二维数组的第二维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行所述地址码的区内号码的验证; [0031] Preferably, the first verification unit configured to, with the first dimension of the two-dimensional array may be the first three characters of the string identification number in the address code will be large number of administrative validation, using a second dimension of said two-dimensional array may be a string of the ID number of the fourth to six characters to verify the address number area code;

[0032] 其中,所述二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量,第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 [0032] wherein the first dimension of the two dimensional array of length equal to a number greater than the number of valid administrative regions indicated by three digits, the length of the second dimension is not less than three digits in all valid numbers indicated greater administrative the number of district number.

[0033] 与现有技术相比,本申请的实施例可以在网路安全领域对大流量的网页内容进行过滤识别,准确性高、速度快、硬件设备上占用内存空间小。 [0033] Compared with the prior art, embodiments of the present disclosure may be in the embodiment the field of network security for web content identification large flow filtration, high accuracy, high speed, small footprint device hardware memory space. 本申请的实施例通过对将三位大区代码的数值映射为一个数值为0-149的有效区间,节约了内存,降低了成本。 Example embodiments of the present application by mapping the three value region code is a valid value range of 0-149, memory savings, reducing the cost.

[0034] 本发明的其它特征和优点将在随后的说明书中阐述,并且,部分地从说明书中变得显而易见,或者通过实施本发明而了解。 [0034] Other features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or learned by practice of the present invention. 本发明的目的和其他优点可通过在说明书、权利要求书以及附图中所特别指出的结构来实现和获得。 The objectives and other advantages of the present invention can be in the specification, the drawings, and particularly pointed out in the structure realized and attained by the claims.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0035] 附图用来提供对本发明技术方案的进一步理解,并且构成说明书的一部分,与本申请的实施例一起用于解释本发明的技术方案,并不构成对本发明技术方案的限制。 [0035] The accompanying drawings provide a further understanding of aspect of the present invention, and constitute part of the specification, embodiments of the present application, serve to explain the technical solution of the present invention, not to limit the technical solution of the present invention.

[0036] 图1为本申请实施例的身份证号码的识别方法的流程示意图。 [0036] FIG. 1 is a schematic flow ID number recognition method according to an embodiment of the present application.

[0037] 图2为本申请实施例的身份证号码的识别系统的流程示意图。 [0037] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the system ID number recognition process of the embodiment of the application.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0038] 以下将结合附图及实施例来详细说明本发明的实施方式,借此对本发明如何应用技术手段来解决技术问题,并达成技术效果的实现过程能充分理解并据以实施。 [0038] The accompanying drawings and the following embodiments will be described in detail embodiments of the present invention, thereby fully understand how the present invention is applied to the technical means to solve the technical problem, and achieve the technical effect of implementation and accordingly embodiment. 本申请实施例以及实施例中的各个特征在不相冲突前提下的相互结合,均在本发明的保护范围之内。 Embodiments of the present application various features and embodiments are combined with each other embodiments without conflict premise, it is within the scope of the present invention.

[0039] 另外,在附图的流程图示出的步骤可以在诸如一组计算机可执行指令的计算机系统中执行。 [0039] Further, the steps shown in the flowchart drawings can be executed in a computer system, such as a set of computer-executable instructions. 并且,虽然在流程图中示出了逻辑顺序,但是在某些情况下,可以以不同于此处的顺序执行所示出或描述的步骤。 In addition, although in the flowchart shown in a logical order, but in some cases, the steps shown or may be performed in a different order than described herein.

[0040] 我国目前应用的二代身份证,包含有十八位号码,其编码规则是十八位号码中包含十七位数字本体码和位于十七位数字本体码之后的一位数字校验码。 [0040] China's current application of second-generation ID card, containing eighteen-digit number encoding rules are eighteen number includes seventeen digit body code and check digit is located seventeen digit code after the body code. 其中十七位数字本体码中依次包含六位数字地址码、八位数字出生日期码和三位数字顺序码。 - 17-bit digital codes sequentially body comprises six digit code address, date of birth, eight-digit code and three-digit code sequence. 其中六位数字地址码表示编码对象常住户口所在地的行政区划代码;出生日期码表示编码对象出生的年、月、日,其中年份用四位数字表示,年、月、日之间不用分隔符;顺序码表示同一地址码所标识的区域范围内,对同年同月同日出生的人员编定的顺序号。 Which represents a six-digit address code encoding target permanent administrative division code are residing; birth date code indicates the encoding target birth year, month, day, year in which is represented by four digits without separators between year, month, day; order code indicates the same address code within the region identified on the staff the same year born the same day scheduled sequence number. 校验码是根据前面十七位数字码,按照IS07064 :1983. M0D11-2校验算法计算出来的结果。 The check code is a digital code seventeen foregoing, according to the IS07064:. 1983 M0D11-2 calculated result check algorithm.

[0041] 六位数字地址码中,第一、二位数字表示编码对象常住户口所在地的省份代码,第三、四位数字表示编码对象常住户口所在地的城市代码,第五、六位数字表示编码对象常住户口所在地的区县代码。 [0041] six-digit address code, the first two numbers indicate the encoding target permanent residence provinces of code, third, four-digit coding target permanent residence in the city code, fifth, six digits represent coding Object location of permanent residence in the county code. 也可以将六位数字地址码中的前三位作为大行政区号码,后三位作为区内号码。 Also six digit code address may be used as the first three administrative large number, the number three as the region.

[0042] 八位出生日期码中,依次为四位年份码、两位月份码及两位日期码。 [0042] eight birth date code, code followed by four-digit year, month code two and two date codes. 四位年份码的有效值为大于等于1900小于等于2100。 Valid values ​​are greater than or equal to four years code 1900 or less 2100. 两位月份码的有效值为大于等于1小于等于12。 Valid values ​​are greater than or equal to two month Code 12 1 or less. 两位日期码在两位月份码为1、3、5、7、8、10以及12时为大于等于1小于等于31,在两位月份码为4、6、9以及11时为大于等于1小于等于30,在两位月份码为2且四位年份码表示闰年时为大于等于1小于等于29,在两位月份码为2且四位年份码表示平年时为大于等于1 小于等于28。 Date code in two two 1,3,5,7,8,10, and 12 month time code is greater than or equal to 1 less than or equal 31, at two month code 4,6,9 and 11 is greater than or equal to 1 30 or less, when the code is a leap year, month two and four years of 2 code is less than or equal to 1 29, when the code indicates the month two and four years-average 2 code is less than or equal to 1 28.

[0043] 三位顺序码中的前两位表示编码对象常住户口所在地政府所辖派出所的分配码, 第三位通过奇偶来表示性别。 [0043] The three sequential code represents the first two coding target resident code allocation under the jurisdiction of the police station where they are residing Government, and the third is represented by gender parity. 本申请的实施例并不对三位顺序码进行验证和确认。 Example embodiment of the present application is not on the order of three codes verified and validated.

[0044] -位验证码可以根据十七位数字本体码以及标准算法进行验算。 [0044] - checking bit codes can body according to seventeen digital codes and standard algorithms. 在其与验算结果相等时表示该十七位数字本体码及该验证码为一真实有效的身份证号码,与验算结果不相符时表示该十七位数字本体码及该验证码为一无效的身份证号码。 The body represents seventeen digit code and the valid authentication code is a true identity card number, indicating that the body of seventeen digit code and the code is a valid verification is not consistent with the results of checking when checking result which is equal identification number.

[0045] 现实生活中,为方便读写身份证号码,往往会在身份证号码中间插入一些辅助字符,比如破折号或者点号等,来对身份证号码进行分节。 [0045] In real life, for the convenience of the reader card number, often inserted in the middle of the identity card number ancillary characters, such as dashes or point number, etc., to a section of the identity card number.

[0046] 如图1所示,本申请实施例的身份证号码的识别方法主要包括如下内容。 [0046] 1, the ID number of the identification method of an embodiment of the present application include the following.

[0047] S110,利用哈希表从网络数据的字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串。 [0047] S110, a hash table may be identified character string identification number from the character data flow network.

[0048] 本申请的实施例利用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的8位字节的256项字符哈希(hash)表进行字符识别。 [0048] The present disclosure can be effective embodiment utilizes figures, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters endings to distinguish eight byte character 256 hash (hash) table for character recognition. 该字符哈希表为有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符设置不同的值。 The character hash table is a valid number, negligible character, the illegal character and possible endings to set different values. 具体地,本申请的实施例将有效数字的值设为1、可忽略字符的值设为2、非法字符的值设为3以及将可能的结束符的值设为4。 In particular, embodiments of the present application a valid number value is set to 1, the character is set to a negligible value 2, the value of the illegal character set to a value 3 and the set of possible endings 4.

[0049] 本申请的实施例中该字符串包含有可忽略的辅助字符、数字以及可能存在的结束符,该结束符表示字符X或X。 [0049] The application of the present embodiment contains the string negligible secondary character, numeric and terminator may be present, the terminator character represents X or X. 其中该字符串包含该结束符X或X时,该字符串中的数字为十七位;该字符串不包含该结束符X或X时,该字符串中的数字为十八位。 Wherein the string comprises the terminator when X or X, the string is seventeen numbers; the string does not contain the terminator X or X, the string number is eighteen. 将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为可能为身份证号码的字符串。 The string of digits eighteen or seventeen numbers and identify a string of X or X may be a string ID number.

[0050] S120,采用身份证号码编码规则对该字符串进行验证。 [0050] S120, using the coding rule ID number validation string. 其中该验证,主要是按照身份证号码编码规则对该字符串进行身份证号码的地址码、出生日期码以及校验码的验证。 Wherein the verification, the main address code is the ID number of the identification number string in the coding rule, date of birth verification code and a check code.

[0051] S130,将通过验证的该字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 [0051] S130, through the string may be verified as a valid ID number.

[0052] 本申请的实施例根据8位字符的可能数值,建立长度为256项的字符HASH表,并将有效数字的值设为1、可忽略字符的值设为2、非法字符的值设为3以及将可能的结束符的值设为4。 Embodiment [0052] According to a possible embodiment of the present application, the value of 8-bit characters, the character length is established HASH table 256, and the value is set to a valid number, the character is set to a negligible value 2, the value of the illegal character set 3 and possibly the value of the terminator is set to 4. 表示有效数字的值为1,该有效数字为10个数字,包括字符0到9。 Represents a valid number value of 1, the effective number is 10 digits, including characters 0-9. 表示用于分隔的可忽略字符的值为2,本申请的实施例中可忽略的9个字符包括:空格、tab字符、回车、换行、点.、破折号(_)、等于号(=)、折号(/)、反折号(\)。 Represents a negligible value for character separated by 2, application of the present embodiments may be negligible 9 characters comprising: a space, tab characters, carriage return, line, dot, dash (_), the equal sign (=) , folding number (/), reflexed number (\). 表示可能为身份证号码结束符的字符为X或X的值为3。 May be represented by a character identification number terminator is X or X is 3. 不是前述10个数字、可忽略字符以及结束符的字符均作为无效字符,其值为4。 10 is not the number that can be ignored as well as characters are treated as invalid terminator character, a value of 4.

[0053] 本申请的其他实施例中,用于表示分隔的忽略的字符还可以有更多,比如感叹号(!)、星号(*)、井号(#)等等,凡是可以出现在身份证号码中间用于对身份证号码进行分隔而方便读写的字符,均可视为本申请实施例中的可忽略字符,其在本申请实施例的字符哈希表中值均为2。 [0053] The present application of other embodiments, for representing the separator character to ignore that there may be more, such as an exclamation point (!), The asterisk (*), pound sign (#), etc., all may appear in identity intermediate character card number for easy identification number are separated and read, and can be regarded as negligible in the embodiment of the present application embodiment a character, the character of the hash table embodiments thereof in this application values ​​are 2.

[0054] 当读取输入字符串时,通过字符HASH表,读取字符的类型属性,并采取不同的操作。 [0054] When reading the input character string, character by HASH table, read type attribute of characters, and different actions are taken. 每次读取待处理字符串中的一个字符,以该字符为下标读取字符HASH表的数值,对于值为1的有效字符,在已记录长度小于19时进行记录,否则丢弃。 Each read a character string to be processed, the character value of the HASH table in order to read the next character is a subscript for a valid character value of 1, a length of less than 19 has been recorded when recording is performed, otherwise discarded. 对于值为2的可忽略字符直接丢弃。 For a value of 2 discards the ignorable characters. 对于值为3的结束符,如果已记录的字符串的长度为18,则已记录的字符串可能就是一个有效的身份证号码,完成提取工作;如果已记录的字符串的长度为17,则将结束符记录到字符串中作为一个可能有效的身份证号码,完成提取工作;其他长度的已记录的字符串不是一个身份证号码,清除该已记录的字符串(清除缓冲区)。 For terminator is 3, if the length of the string 18 is recorded, the string may already recorded is a valid ID number, the extraction-completed work; if the length of string is recorded 17, the the end character string as a record to the ID number may be effective, complete extraction of work; other lengths recorded ID number is not a string, the character string recorded clear (clear buffer). 对于值为4的非法字符,如果已记录的字符串的长度为18,则将该已记录的字符串作为一个可能有效的身份证号码提交,否则清除该已记录的字符串(清除缓冲区)。 For a value of 4 illegal characters, if the length of the string is recorded 18, that string is recorded as a valid ID number may be submitted, otherwise clear the character string recorded (clear buffer) .

[0055] 本申请的实施例所建立的字符HASH表,每个ascii码对应的数据项为该ascii码的属性。 HASH table according to the established character embodiment [0055] of the present application, each data item corresponding to ascii code ascii code for properties. 如hash[48]的值为1,ascii码48是字符'0',因此其数值为1(有效身份证字符),hash [45]的值为2, ascii码45是字符因此其数值为2 (可忽略的分隔字符)。 As the hash [48] a value of 1, the character ASCII code 48 is '0', so the value is 1 (valid character ID), the hash [45] 2 value, the character ASCII code 45 is thus a value of 2 (negligible separator character). 本申请的实施例根据预设的字符HASH表,以数据流中的待检测字符为下标,查询得出字符的类型。 Embodiment of the present application according to a preset character HASH table to the data stream to be detected subscript characters, characters derived query types. 在判断任一字符时,仅需判断其hash[a]的数值即可。 When any one of the characters is determined, which is determined only hash [a] to a value.

[0056] 本申请的实施例通过一次查表,即可完成字符的处理,对有效身份证字符进行记录,对无效身份证字符进行终结处理,对可忽略字符进行过滤以及对结束符的判断处理,结合身份证号码长度,快速得出与身份证号码长度项相符合的字符串,完成身份证号码的提取和验证工作。 [0056] Example embodiments of the present disclosure by a single look-up table to complete the processing of the characters, the characters recorded on the valid ID, invalid characters termination ID, can be ignored for characters and the determination process of filtering terminator , in conjunction with the length of the ID number, the ID number quickly draw string length entries consistent, complete extraction and validation of the ID number.

[0057] 本申请的实施例将六位数字地址码分为三位数字的大行政区号码和三位数字的区内号码。 Embodiment [0057] The present application is divided into six digit address code of three digits and a large number of administrative region number three digits. 本申请的实施例利用二维数组对可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行验证。 Embodiment of the present application may be a two-dimensional array of the ID number verification for a string in the previous six characters. 二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量, 第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 The length of the two-dimensional array is greater than a first dimension equal to the number of valid administrative large number represented by three figures, the length dimension of the second region is greater than the number equal to the number of all valid administrative large number of three digits indicated. 利用二维数组的第一维对可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用二维数组的第二维对可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行地址码的区内号码的验证。 Using the first two-dimensional array of dimension verification of large numbers possible administrative address code is a character string identification number in the first three characters, the second dimension of the two-dimensional array of strings may be identification numbers the fourth to six characters for verification of address code area number. 该二维数组的第一维记录有有效身份证号码中所有的大行政区号码,第二维记录有所有有效大行政区号码下有效区内号码。 The first dimension of a two-dimensional array of record have all the big administrative number is valid identity card number, the second dimension recorded at all effective large number of effective administrative district number. 本申请的实施例,该二维数组的第一维为一维大区hash表,第二维为二维行政区hash表,通过该一维大区hash表和二维行政区hash表来快速进行六位数字地址码的识别。 Example embodiments of the present disclosure, the first dimension of the two-dimensional array of one-dimensional hash table region, the second dimension of the two-dimensional SAR hash table to quickly through the six one-dimensional and two-dimensional hash table region administrative hash table the address recognition bit digital code.

[0058] 二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量, 第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 [0058] The length dimension of the first two-dimensional array of a large number of active or greater numbers of three digits administrative represented by the length of the second dimension is not less than three digits in all valid number greater administrative area indicated number quantity. 由于大行政区号码有许多空值,本申请的实施例为节省硬件设备的内存空间,利用大区号码映射表对三位数字的大行政区号码进行验证,该大区号码映射表的空间大于〇但小于将三位数字的大区代码的数值0-999映射为一个数值小于999的有效区间,比如为0-149的有效区间。 Due to the large number of administrative many nulls, embodiments of the present application to save memory space hardware, large number of three digits administrative validate mapping table with a large number of areas, the number space of the region map table but greater than square region is less than the value of the code mapped to three digits 0-999 active interval 999 is less than a value, such as a valid range of 0-149. 该大区号码映射表中存储有目前全国身份证号码的大行政区号码。 The region number mapping table stores the current large number of national administrative identity card number.

[0059] 本申请的实施例为利用长度为1000项的区内号码映射表对每个三位数字的区内号码进行验证,其中存储三位数字的区内号码,用来对大行政区号码之后的三位数字进行验证。 [0059] Example embodiment of the present disclosure is to verify the number of three digits each zone using the zone length number mapping table 1000, wherein the memory area of ​​three-digit numbers, then for large numbers Administrative the three-digit number for verification. 通过两次查表,即可完成六位数字地址码的有效性确认。 Through two look-up table to complete the six-digit address validity confirmation code.

[0060] 为节省空间,本申请的实施例建立行政区HASH表来完成身份证号码中六位数字地址码的快速验证。 [0060] To save space, embodiments of the present application establish administrative HASH table to quickly verify complete the six-digit ID number in the address code. 建立身份证三位大行政区号码的映射,把1000长度的数据值映射为150长度的数据项值,再建立150*1000的二维数组,完成六位地址码的确认。 Establishing a mapping three large administrative ID number, the length of the data value 1000 is mapped to the length of the data item 150 value before creating a two-dimensional array of 150 * 1000, confirmed that six complete address code. 其中,大区HASH表用来完成身份证号码中的大行政区号码的HASH映射。 Wherein, Region HASH HASH table is used to map a large administrative complete number in ID number. 由于大行政区号码中空余数值较多,本申请的实施例将其映射为一个长度为150的值域范围,大大减少了硬件设备所需的内存空间。 As more administrative regions spare numerical numbers, embodiments of the present application which is mapped to a range of 150 length range, greatly reducing the memory space required for the hardware device. 大区HASH表中,第0-148项各自对应一个有效的大行政区号码,第149项表示无效区号。 Region HASH table, each corresponding item of 0-148 large administrative a valid number, item 149 indicates an invalid code. 大区HASH表的数值,作为二维数组的第一个下标变量,身份证号码中的区内号码作为二维数组的第二维下标变量。 Numerical region HASH table index variable as the first two-dimensional array, the ID number as a zone number of a second dimension of the two-dimensional array index variable. 行政区二维HASH表中,数值0表示该号码不是一个有效的地址码,数值1表示该号码是一个有效的地址码。 Dimensional SAR HASH table, the value 0 indicates that the number is not a valid address code, the value 1 indicates that the number is a valid address code.

[0061] 比如对于一个从网页上获取到的字符串"aaaal23asdll0. 108-196212302873uuuu uuuuuu",首先依次读取字符"aaaa",通过字符HASH表判断其都是无效字符,删除。 [0061] For example, for a web page to obtain from the string "aaaal23asdll0. 108-196212302873uuuu uuuuuu", sequentially reading first character "aaaa", which is determined by the character HASH table are invalid characters, delete. 然后读取字符" 123",通过字符HASH表判断其为有效字符,进行记录。 Then read the characters "123", which is determined by the character HASH table is a valid character, is recorded. 紧接着读取"asd",在读取字符"a"时,已记录的字符串的数字长度是3,不是有效身份证号码的长度15或者18,因此其不是有效的字符丢弃;同样"sd"字符也丢弃,并且已记录的字符串" 123"也已不可能成为一个有效的身份证号码中的字符,因此也丢弃。 Then read "asd", the string length number when reading the characters "a", a length of 3 is recorded, a valid ID number is not 15 or 18, so it is not a valid character discard; similarly "sd "character is also discarded, and the recorded character string" 123 "has not become a valid ID number characters, and therefore discarded. 紧接着读取"110. 108-196212302873", 由于通过字符HASH表判断出"110"、" 108"以及"196212302873"都是有效字符,则按序进行记录,同时通过字符HASH表判断出字符"和是可以忽略的字符,将这两个字符忽略。由于已经记录的字符串"110108196212302873"已经达到18位长度,则将其作为一个可能的省份证号码进行存储,对其进行是否可能为有效身份证号码的判断。采用区号判断语句Hash2[hashl[110]] [108]进行判断,得到大区号110的HASH值为1,Hash2[l] Then read "110. 108-196212302873", since it is determined that "110", "108" and "196212302873" is a valid character by character HASH table, the sequential recording, while the character is determined by the character HASH table " and is negligible character, these two characters are ignored. Having recorded the string "110108196212302873" has reached 18 length, it is stored as a possible license number of provinces, whether it is possible to be valid identity Analyzing the card number. Analyzing using code statement Hash2 [hashl [110]] [108] the determination, HASH 110 area code to obtain a large value of 1, Hash2 [l]

[108]项为1,有效,前六位字符"110108"是一个有效的地址码。 [108] entry to 1, effectively, the first six characters "110108" is a valid address code. 然后对"19621230"进行是否为一有效的出生日期码的判断,最后采用IS07064 :1983.MODll-2校验算法对字符串"110108196212302873"最后一位字符"3"进行校验。 Then "19621230" is whether a valid code determination date of birth, last use IS07064: 1983.MODll-2 checksum algorithm string "110108196212302873" Finally, a checksum character "3." 据此,可以判断出字符串"110108196212302873"是否为一个可能有效的身份证号码。 Accordingly, based on the character string "110108196212302873" may be whether a valid ID number.

[0062] 如图2所示,本申请实施例的身份证号码的识别装置主要包括识别模块210、验证模块220及执行模块230。 [0062] As shown in FIG 2, the embodiment of the ID number recognition apparatus of the present application includes an identification module 210, authentication module 220 and execution module 230.

[0063] 识别模块210,配置为从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串; [0063] The identification module 210 may be configured to identify the character string of the ID number from the character stream;

[0064] 验证模块220,与识别模块210相连,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证; [0064] The verification module 220, connected with the identification module 210, configured to employ a coding rule identification number to verify the ID number may be a string;

[0065] 执行模块230,与验证模块220相连,配置为将通过验证的所述可能为身份证号码的字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 [0065] The execution module 230, and verification module 220 is connected, may be configured as a valid ID number may be verified by a string of the ID number.

[0066] 如图2所示,上述识别模块210包括识别单元211及判断单元212。 [0066] As shown in FIG 2, the identification module 210 includes an identification unit 211 and the determination unit 212.

[0067] 识别单元211,配置为采用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的哈希表对所述字符流进行字符识别; [0067] identification unit 211, can be configured to employ the effective numbers, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters terminator hash table to distinguish the character recognition character stream;

[0068] 判断单元212,与识别单元211及验证模块220相连,配置为将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为所述可能为身份证号码的字符串。 [0068] determination unit 212, the identification unit 211 and a verification module 220 is connected, the string configured to recognize strings of digits or eighteen seventeen numbers and one of X or X is the ID may be string of numbers.

[0069] 如图2所示,上述验证模块220包括第一验证单元221、第二验证单元222以及第三验证单元223。 [0069] As shown in FIG 2, the verification module 220 includes a first verification unit 221, the second verification unit 222, and a third verification unit 223.

[0070] 第一验证单元221,与执行模块230及识别模块210中的判断单元212相连,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码的验证; [0070] The first verification unit 221, the identification module execution module 230 and 210 is connected to the determination unit 212, configured to use the ID number to the encoding rules of possible address code string of the ID number of the ID number verification;

[0071] 第二验证单元222,与执行模块230及识别模块210中的判断单元212相连,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的出生日期码的验证; [0071] The second verification unit 222, the identification module execution module 230 and 210 is connected to the determination unit 212, configured to employ a coding rule identification number of the possible dates of the ID number of the identification number string of birth a verification code;

[0072] 第三验证单元223,与执行模块230及识别模块210中的判断单元212相连,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的校验码的验证。 [0072] The third verification unit 223, the identification module execution module 230 and 210 is connected to the determination unit 212, configured to employ a coding rule check on the identification number of the possible identification numbers of the ID number to a string verification code.

[0073] 上述第一验证单元221配置为利用二维数组对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行所述地址码的验证。 [0073] The first verification unit 221 configured to utilize a two-dimensional array may be a string of the ID number of the first six characters of the address code verification.

[0074] 上述第一验证单元221配置为利用所述二维数组的第一维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行所述地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用所述二维数组的第二维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行所述地址码的区内号码的验证。 [0074] The first verification unit 221 configured to utilize a first dimension of said two-dimensional array of the ID number may be a string of characters in the first three verify a large number of the administrative address code, using a second dimension of said two-dimensional array may be a string of the ID number of the fourth to six characters to verify the address number area code. 所述二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量,第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 Said first dimension greater than or equal to the length of the two-dimensional array of a large number of valid administrative three-digit number represented by a length greater than a second dimension equal to the effective area of ​​the large number of all administrative numbers represented in three digits number.

[0075] 本领域的技术人员应该明白,上述的本申请实施例所提供的装置的各组成部分, 以及方法中的各步骤,它们可以集中在单个的计算装置上,或者分布在多个计算装置所组成的网络上。 [0075] Those skilled in the art will appreciate, the above-described application of the components of the present embodiment is provided apparatus, and the steps of the method embodiments, they can be integrated on a single computing device or multiple computing devices in a distributed a network consisting of. 可选地,它们可以用计算装置可执行的程序代码来实现。 Alternatively, they may be implemented by program codes executable by the computing device. 从而,可以将它们存储在存储装置中由计算装置来执行,或者将它们分别制作成各个集成电路模块,或者将它们中的多个模块或步骤制作成单个集成电路模块来实现。 Thus, they can be stored in a storage device and executed by a computing device, or they are made into integrated circuit modules, or by making them of a plurality of modules or steps in a single integrated circuit module. 这样,本发明不限制于任何特定的硬件和软件结合。 Thus, the present invention is not limited to any particular hardware and software combination.

[0076] 虽然本发明所揭露的实施方式如上,但所述的内容仅为便于理解本发明而采用的实施方式,并非用以限定本发明。 [0076] While the disclosed embodiment of the present invention described above, but the embodiment is provided only to facilitate understanding of the invention embodiment is employed, the present invention is not limited thereto. 任何本发明所属领域内的技术人员,在不脱离本发明所揭露的精神和范围的前提下,可以在实施的形式及细节上进行任何的修改与变化,但本发明的专利保护范围,仍须以所附的权利要求书所界定的范围为准。 Any skilled person in the art the present invention pertains, without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosed invention may be made any modifications and changes in form and detail of the embodiments, but the scope of the present invention patent, still in the appended claims define the scope of equivalents.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种身份证号码的识别方法,包括: 从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串; 采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证; 将通过验证的所述可能为身份证号码的字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 1. A method of identifying the identification number, comprising: identifying a character string from the character stream may be the identification number; ID number using the encoding rule may be a string of ID number verification; through the verification may be effective as an ID number for the string identification number.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串, 包括: 采用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的哈希表对所述字符流进行字符识别; 将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为所述可能为身份证号码的字符串。 The method according to claim 1, wherein the identification character string from the character stream may be identification numbers, comprising: employing capable of significant figures, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters distinguishing terminator hash table character recognition of the character stream; string eighteen seventeen digits or numbers, and an identification string for X or X may be the character string identification number.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证,包括: 采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码、出生日期码以及校验码的验证。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the encoding rule using the ID number may be a string of the ID number verification, comprising: using the coding rule ID number may be the identification number of the string address code identification number, date of birth verification code and a check code.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中,采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码的验证,包括: 利用二维数组对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行所述地址码的验证。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the encoding rule using the ID number verification of the identification number address code may be the identification number of a string, comprising: a two-dimensional array of the possible verify the address code is a character string identification number in the first six characters.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的方法,其中: 利用所述二维数组的第一维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行所述地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用所述二维数组的第二维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行所述地址码的区内号码的验证; 其中,所述二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量,第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 5. The method of claim 4, wherein: using a first dimension of said two-dimensional array of a large number of the possible administrative address code string of the ID number in the first three characters of verification by a second dimension of the two dimensional array may be a string of the ID number of the fourth to six characters to verify the address number area code; wherein said two-dimensional array equal to the length of the first dimension is greater than the number of valid administrative large number of three-digit number represented by the length of the second dimension is greater than the number equal to the number of all the effective area of ​​the large number of administrative represented by three digits.
  6. 6. -种身份证号码的识别装置,包括: 识别模块,配置为从字符流中识别出可能为身份证号码的字符串; 验证模块,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行验证; 执行模块,配置为将通过验证的所述可能为身份证号码的字符串作为可能有效的身份证号码。 6. - ID number of the kind of identification means, comprising: an identification module configured to identify a character string from the character stream may be the identification number; verification module, configured to employ a coding rule of the identification number may be identity string verify card number; execution module may be configured to be effective as an ID number verified by said string of the ID number.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求6所述的装置,其中,所述识别模块包括: 识别单元,配置为采用能够对有效数字、可忽略字符、非法字符以及可能的结束符进行区分的哈希表对所述字符流进行字符识别; 判断单元,配置为将十八位数字组成的字符串或者十七位数字以及一位X或X的字符串识别为所述可能为身份证号码的字符串。 7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the identification module comprises: an identification unit configured to be able to use efficient digital, characters can be ignored, and possibly illegal characters endings to distinguish the hash table character recognition character stream; a determination unit configured to recognize strings eighteen string of digits or numbers and seventeen one X or X may be a string of the ID number.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求6所述的装置,其中,所述验证模块包括: 第一验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的地址码的验证; 第二验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的出生日期码的验证; 第三验证单元,配置为采用身份证号码编码规则对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串进行身份证号码的校验码的验证。 The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said verification module comprises: a first authentication unit configured to code the address of the ID number is possible using the coding rule identification number string of the ID number verification; second verification unit, configured to employ a coding rule identification number verification of the date of birth may be a string of code ID number is ID number; and a third authentication unit configured to use identification numbers encoded the rules may be verified by the checksum character string identification number is ID number.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求8所述的装置,其中: 所述第一验证单元配置为利用二维数组对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前六位字符进行所述地址码的验证。 9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the first verification unit is configured to utilize a two-dimensional array may be the character string identification number in the first six characters of the address code verification.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求9所述的装置,其中: 所述第一验证单元配置为利用所述二维数组的第一维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的前三位字符进行所述地址码的大行政区号码的验证,利用所述二维数组的第二维对所述可能为身份证号码的字符串中的第四至六位字符进行所述地址码的区内号码的验证; 其中,所述二维数组第一维的长度大于等于三位数字所表示的有效的大行政区号码的数量,第二维的长度大于等于所有有效的大行政区号码内三位数字所表示的区内号码的数量。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: the first verification unit is configured to use a first dimension of said two-dimensional array may be the first three characters of the string in the ID number is performed by said verification large number of administrative address code, using a second dimension of the two-dimensional array may be a string of the ID number of the fourth to six characters to verify the address number area code ; wherein said first dimension greater than or equal to the length of the two-dimensional array of a large number of valid administrative three-digit number represented by the length of the second dimension is greater than or equal effective area within the administrative regions of all three-digit number represented by the number of internal numbers.
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CN101976333A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-02-16 上海合合信息科技发展有限公司 Method for automatically distinguishing first-generation identity card from second-generation identity card
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5421619A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-06-06 Drexler Technology Corporation Laser imaged identification card
CN101651938A (en) * 2009-07-02 2010-02-17 优视动景(北京)技术服务有限公司 Telephone number recognition system for mobile terminal and application method thereof
CN101976333A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-02-16 上海合合信息科技发展有限公司 Method for automatically distinguishing first-generation identity card from second-generation identity card
CN102982012A (en) * 2011-09-07 2013-03-20 百度在线网络技术(北京)有限公司 Method and device used for obtaining target character strings in disorder text

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