CN104111095B - Based on vehicle fuel consumption analysis method and system for cars with state - Google Patents

Based on vehicle fuel consumption analysis method and system for cars with state Download PDF

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CN104111095B
CN104111095B CN201410282828.0A CN201410282828A CN104111095B CN 104111095 B CN104111095 B CN 104111095B CN 201410282828 A CN201410282828 A CN 201410282828A CN 104111095 B CN104111095 B CN 104111095B
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vehicle
fuel consumption
state
acceleration
driving state
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CN201410282828.0A
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CN104111095A (en
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黄继宏
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深圳市体数科科技有限公司
深圳市一体数科科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统,通过加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组确定汽车行驶状态,然后根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗,按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗,所述服务器端根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 The present invention relates to a method and system for analyzing vehicle fuel consumption based on the vehicle driving state, gravity sensors, the geomagnetic sensor to determine vehicle driving state set by the acceleration sensor groups, and then obtaining the calculated vehicle driving state of the vehicle according to the value of the air discharged from an automobile fuel consumption, vehicle models were collected by a plurality of vehicles at different speeds in the normal driving state of the fuel consumption, the speed of the vehicle to obtain various different types of average fuel consumption under normal driving state, the server according to the initial speed of the car enters the running state, the initial vehicle fuel consumption to get extra fuel consumption of cars under the state's average fuel consumption under normal driving speed of the vehicle type and state of the vehicle driving state. 本发明将大数据的汽车油耗分析方法结合确定的汽车行驶状态,得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗,方便确定汽车在某种行驶状态下的油耗。 The present invention is an automobile fuel consumption data of the analytical method for determining binding of the vehicle driving state, excess fuel consumption obtained in the vehicle driving state, to facilitate determining fuel consumption in a certain driving condition.

Description

基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统 Based on vehicle fuel consumption analysis method and system for cars with state

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种汽车油耗分析方法及系统,尤其涉及一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method and system for analyzing vehicle fuel consumption, in particular a method and system analysis relates to vehicle fuel consumption based on the vehicle driving state.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着汽车的迅速普及、汽车技术的发展,如何更好地管理汽车成为车主和公司越来越关心的课题。 [0002] With the rapid popularity of the automobile, the development of automotive technology, how to better manage the car owners and companies are increasingly becoming issues of concern. 随着智能终端技术的发展,汽车信息可以更加方便地展示在智能终端上,同时,通过智能终端对车辆进行更好地管理。 With the development of intelligent terminal technology, vehicle information can be more easily displayed on the intelligent terminal, the same time, better management of vehicles through the intelligent terminal. 现有技术具备车载终端,但现有技术的车载终端,由于并没有很好地应用重力加速度传感器和地磁传感器,因此,其在加速、刹车等行为方面进行更加精确的判断。 The prior art includes a vehicle terminal, but the prior art vehicle-mounted terminal, since there is no good and a geomagnetic sensor gravity acceleration sensor, so that a more accurate determination of the acceleration, braking and other behavior. 特别是在确定汽车方位的方法上,不能很好地确定汽车运行姿态,然后结合姿态确定汽车行驶状态。 Especially in the method of determining the position of the car, the car can not run well determined attitude, attitude determination and then combined with state cars. 现有技术只能确定即时油耗,但不能确定汽车行驶状态以及汽车在某种行驶状态下的油耗。 The prior art can only determine the instantaneous fuel consumption, but can not determine the status of cars and automotive fuel economy under certain driving conditions.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明解决的技术问题是:构建一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统,克服现有技术不能确定汽车行驶状态以及汽车在某种行驶状态下的油耗的技术问题。 [0003] The technical problem solved by the present invention is: to construct a fuel consumption analysis method and a system based on the vehicle driving state, the prior art can not overcome the technical problem to determine the traveling state and fuel consumption of automobiles in some cars traveling state.

[0004] 本发明的技术方案是:构建一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,汽车油耗分析系统包括智能终端、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器、服务器端,所述智能终端包括传感器,所述传感器包括加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组,基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法包括如下步骤: [0004] aspect of the present invention is: to construct a method for analyzing fuel consumption, fuel consumption analysis system comprising a vehicle driving state based on intelligent terminals installed in the probe car exhaust air detector automobile exhaust pipe, server, said intelligent terminal includes a sensor group comprising an acceleration sensor, a gravity sensor group, a geomagnetic sensor group, vehicle fuel consumption analysis method based on the vehicle driving state comprising the steps of:

[0005] 确定汽车行驶状态:所述加速度传感器组传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端根据所述地磁传感器组和所述重力传感器组的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端构建空间三维坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值及汽车运行姿态,确定汽车的行驶状态; [0005] The vehicle driving state is determined: the value of the corresponding acceleration sensor group sensing direction of the car acceleration, an acceleration value of the gravity sensor in the group sensing the direction of gravity car, the geomagnetic sensor group geomagnetic direction sensor Cars angle values, the intelligent terminal setting a threshold value of the car acceleration, the intelligent terminal establishes a rotation matrix based on the data set of the geomagnetic sensor and the gravity sensor and the initial data set, acquired by the car in the space transformation matrix vector angle thereby acquiring the operating position of the car, the smart terminal constructed three-dimensional space coordinates, the value of the vehicle acceleration in accordance with the set of acquisition of the acceleration sensor and car operating position acquired in the car acceleration component is determined triaxial coordinate system, then based on the threshold value of the acceleration of the car and car operating position is provided, an automobile travel state is determined;

[0006] 计算油耗:所述空气探测器将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端,所述智能终端根据确定的汽车行驶状态,获取该汽车行驶状态下所述空气探测器探测的汽车排出的空气数值,根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗; [0006] The calculated fuel consumption: the air detector to detect air value is transmitted to the intelligent terminal, the smart terminal according to the vehicle driving state is determined, obtaining in this vehicle driving state detector detects the air discharged from the vehicle Numerical air, car fuel consumption acquired at the vehicle driving state of the air discharged from an automobile numerical calculation;

[0007] 获取车辆平均油耗:所述服务器端按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗; [0007] Gets the average fuel efficiency of the vehicle: the server side according to the vehicle model fuel consumption were collected at different speeds plurality of vehicles normal driving conditions, different models of different vehicle speeds obtained with the average fuel consumption in the normal state;

[0008] 油耗分析:所述智能终端按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端,所述服务器端根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0008] Analysis consumption: fuel consumption by the intelligent terminal in the vehicle model and the acquired vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server, the server according to the initial speed of the car enters the running state, the initial velocity in this model vehicle fuel consumption under the average fuel consumption in the state and the state of the cars to get extra fuel consumption under normal driving the vehicle driving state.

[0009] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述汽车的行驶状态包括急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 [0009] In a further aspect of the present invention is that: the vehicle includes a running state with sudden acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, one or more acceleration downhill traveling.

[0010] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述加速度传感器组包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器,所述第一加速度传感器、第二加速度传感器、第三加速度传感器轴向正交。 [0010] In a further aspect of the present invention is that: the acceleration sensor group comprises a longitudinal acceleration sensor sensing a first car direction, car left the sensing direction of the second acceleration sensor, and an acceleration sensor sensing a third car in the vertical direction, the first acceleration sensor, a second acceleration sensor, a third orthogonal to the axial acceleration sensor.

[0011] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:还包括所述智能终端获取汽车的即时速度化值。 [0011] In a further aspect of the present invention are: further comprising instantaneous speed value of the vehicle acquired intelligent terminal.

[0012] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:还包括移动终端,所述服务器端将分析结果发送到所述移动终端。 [0012] A further aspect of the present invention are: the mobile terminal further comprises a server transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal.

[0013] 本发明的技术方案是:构建一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,包括智能终端、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器、服务器端,所述智能终端包括传感器,所述传感器包括加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组,所述智能终端包括无线通讯模块、汽车行驶状态确定模块、油耗获取模块,所述服务器端包括平均油耗获取模块、油耗分析模块,所述加速度传感器组传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端根据所述地磁传感器组和所述重力传感器组的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端构 [0013] aspect of the present invention is: to construct a vehicle driving state based on the fuel consumption analysis system, including intelligent terminal, mounted on a vehicle exhaust pipe of automobile exhaust air detector probe, the server, the intelligent terminal comprises a sensor, said sensor comprising a set of an acceleration sensor, a gravity sensor group, a geomagnetic sensor group, the intelligent terminal includes a wireless communication module, a vehicle driving state determination module, fuel consumption acquisition module, the server module comprises obtaining the average fuel consumption, fuel consumption analysis module, the acceleration values ​​of the acceleration sensor sensing the direction of the respective vehicle group, the value of the gravitational acceleration sensor group sensing the direction of gravity in cars, vehicles and the angle value of the sensing direction of the geomagnetic sensor a geomagnetic set, the smart the terminal sets the threshold value of vehicle acceleration, the intelligent terminal establishes a rotation matrix based on the data set of the geomagnetic sensor and the gravity sensor and the initial data set, obtaining a vector angle car space by the transformation matrix in order to gain an automobile operating position, said intelligent terminal configuration 建空间三维坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,所述汽车行驶状态确定模块根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值及汽车运行姿态确定模块确定汽车的行驶状态;所述空气探测器将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端,所述油耗获取模块根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗;所述服务器端按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,所述平均油耗获取模块得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗;所述智能终端按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端,所述油耗分析模块根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶 Build three-dimensional space coordinates, the value of the vehicle acceleration in accordance with the set of acquisition of the acceleration sensor and car operating position acquired in the car acceleration component is determined triaxial coordinate system, determining the vehicle driving state of the motor vehicle module according to the set threshold acceleration value and the car operating position determination module determines the traveling state of the car; the air detector to detect air value is transmitted to the intelligent terminal, calculates the fuel consumption acquisition module acquires the vehicle driving state values ​​of the air discharged from an automobile lower car fuel consumption; the server according to different vehicle models were collected from normal driving speed of the moving vehicle in the state of consumption, average fuel consumption of said obtaining module to obtain the average fuel efficiency at different speeds of different types of normal driving conditions of the vehicle; the intelligent terminal motor vehicle model and vehicle fuel consumption acquired at the vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server, the fuel consumption rate during the initial analysis module enters the vehicle according to the operating state, this initial velocity model of the vehicle under normal driving state and average fuel consumption of the cars 态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 Automotive fuel consumption obtained in the state of the vehicle driving state of excess consumption.

[0014] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述加速度传感器组包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器,所述第一加速度传感器、第二加速度传感器、第三加速度传感器轴向正交。 [0014] In a further aspect of the present invention is that: the acceleration sensor group comprises a longitudinal acceleration sensor sensing a first car direction, car left the sensing direction of the second acceleration sensor, and an acceleration sensor sensing a third car in the vertical direction, the first acceleration sensor, a second acceleration sensor, a third orthogonal to the axial acceleration sensor.

[0015] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述加速度传感器为轴向正交的加速度传感器组。 [0015] In a further aspect of the present invention is that: the acceleration sensor is an acceleration sensor axis orthogonal sets.

[0016] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:还包括移动终端,所述服务器端将分析结果发送到所述移动终端。 [0016] Further aspect of the present invention are: the mobile terminal further comprises a server transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal.

[0017] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述智能终端包括输出模块,所述服务器端将分析结果传送到所述智能终端输出。 [0017] Further aspect of the present invention are: the intelligent terminal comprises an output module, the server transmits the analysis result to the intelligent terminal output.

[0018] 本发明的技术效果是:构建一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统,通过加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组确定汽车行驶状态,然后根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗,按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗,所述服务器端根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0018] The technical effect of the invention is: to construct a fuel consumption based on the analysis method and system for vehicle driving state, the acceleration sensor groups, the group a gravity sensor, a geomagnetic sensor set vehicle driving state is determined, and then calculate the value of the air discharged from an automobile Get the car's fuel consumption at vehicle driving state, the vehicle model according to the fuel consumption were collected at different speeds plurality of vehicles normal driving conditions, different models of different vehicle speeds obtained with the average fuel efficiency in a normal state, the server side according to the operation of the car into the initial velocity of state, fuel consumption in the average fuel consumption under normal driving the vehicle model at the initial speed of the vehicle driving state and state to get extra fuel consumption of cars in this state. 本发明将大数据的汽车油耗分析方法结合确定的汽车行驶状态,得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗,方便确定汽车在某种行驶状态下的油耗。 The present invention is an automobile fuel consumption data of the analytical method for determining binding of the vehicle driving state, excess fuel consumption obtained in the vehicle driving state, to facilitate determining fuel consumption in a certain driving condition.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1为本发明的结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0020] 图2为本发明的传感器结构示意图。 A schematic view of a sensor structure [0020] FIG. 2 of the present invention.

[0021] 图3为本发明的智能终端和服务器端的结构示意图。 [0021] Fig 3 a schematic view of the structure of the intelligent terminal and the server of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022] 下面结合具体实施例,对本发明技术方案进一步说明。 [0022] Next, with reference to specific embodiments, further illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention.

[0023] 如图1、图2所示,本发明的具体实施方式是:构建一种基于车载终端和服务器端的汽车驾驶行为分析方法,该汽车驾驶行为分析系统包括智能终端1、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器5、服务器端2,所述智能终端1包括传感器3,所述传感器3包括加速度传感器组31、重力传感器组33、地磁传感器组32,所述汽车驾驶行为分析方法包括如下步骤: [0023] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, the embodiment of the present invention is: Construction of an in-vehicle terminal and cars driving behavior analysis based on the server side, the car driving behavior analysis system 1 comprises a smart terminal, mounted in an automobile exhaust tracheal probe car exhaust air detector 5, the server 2, the terminal 1 includes a smart sensor 3, the sensor group 31 includes an acceleration sensor 3, a gravity sensor group 33, a geomagnetic sensor group 32, a vehicle driving behavior analysis method comprising the steps of:

[0024] 确定汽车行驶状态:所述加速度传感器组31传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组33传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组32传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端1设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端1根据所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端1构建坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值,确定汽车在空间的运行判断确定汽车的行驶状态;所述汽车的行驶状态包括急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 [0024] The vehicle driving state is determined: the value of the acceleration sensor 31 corresponding to the direction of vehicle acceleration sensors, the acceleration set value of the gravity sensor 33 sensing the direction of gravity of the car, the car geomagnetic sensor and sensor group 32 angle values ​​of the geomagnetic direction, the intelligent terminal 1 sets the threshold value of the acceleration value of car, the smart terminal 1 establishes a rotation matrix based on the data and the initial data of the geomagnetic sensor group 32 and group 33 of the gravity sensor, by Get the transformation matrix of the car in the space phasor angle so as to obtain the operating position of the car, the smart terminal coordinate system 1 constructed in accordance with the vehicle acceleration value of the acceleration sensor group 31 and acquired car operating position acquired three-dimensional coordinates determined in the car acceleration component in the axial direction, and the vehicle acceleration based on a threshold value set, determining a space vehicle operation is determined in the determining the vehicle traveling state; state comprises driving the vehicle with a rapid acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, one or more acceleration downhill traveling.

[0025] 计算油耗:所述空气探测器5将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端1,所述智能终端1根据确定的汽车行驶状态,获取该汽车行驶状态下所述空气探测器1探测的汽车排出的空气数值,根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗; [0025] The calculated fuel consumption: the air detector 5 to detect the value of the air delivered to the intelligent terminal 1, the intelligent terminal 1 according to the vehicle driving state is determined to obtain the air detector 1 detecting the state of the cars automobile exhaust air values, the acquired fuel consumption of an automobile vehicle driving state according to the value of the air discharged from an automobile calculation;

[0026] 获取车辆平均油耗:所述服务器端2按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗; [0026] Gets the average fuel efficiency of the vehicle: the server 2 are collected by the vehicle model fuel economy plurality of vehicles at different speeds normal driving conditions, different models of different vehicle speeds obtained with the average fuel consumption in the normal state;

[0027] 油耗分析:所述智能终端1按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端2,所述服务器端2根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0027] Analysis consumption: the intelligent terminal in a motor vehicle fuel consumption of the vehicle model and the acquired vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server 2, 2 initial speed according to the operating state of the car into the server, under the initial velocity of the model vehicle on vehicle fuel consumption in the average fuel consumption in the state and the state of the cars to get extra fuel consumption of cars in this state.

[0028] 如图1、图2所示,本发明的具体实施过程是:所述加速度传感器组31包括多个加速传感器,传感汽车在多个方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组33传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组32传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,然后传送到所述智能终端1。 [0028] As shown in FIG 1, FIG. 2, the specific embodiment of the process of the present invention is that: the acceleration acceleration sensor group 31 includes a plurality of values ​​of the acceleration sensors, the sensing directions of the plurality of cars, the gravity sensor set 33 pass sensing acceleration value of the vehicle in the direction of gravity, the geomagnetic sensor 32 sensing the angle set value of the vehicle and the direction of the geomagnetism, and then transmitted to the intelligent terminal 1. 所述智能终端1根据接收的所述重力传感器组33在重力方向上的加速度值以及所述地磁传感器组32传感的汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端1根据所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态。 The intelligent terminal according to an angle value of a geomagnetism car direction acceleration set value of the gravity sensor 33 is received in the direction of gravity and the sensed geomagnetic sensor group 32 of the smart terminal geomagnetic sensor 1 according to the group 32 data and the initial data set and the gravity sensor 33 is established rotation matrix, obtaining the vector angular space of the car so as to obtain the operating position of the car by the transformation matrix. 具体过程如下: Specific process is as follows:

[0029]如图2所示,本发明的具体实施过程是:以下以例说明:所述地磁传感器组32包括三个轴向正交的地磁传感器,所述重力传感器组33包括三个轴向正交的重力传感器。 [0029] As shown in FIG. 2, the specific embodiment of the process of the present invention: In the following example illustrates: The geomagnetic sensor 32 comprises a set of three orthogonal to the axial geomagnetic sensor, the gravity sensor 33 comprises a set of three axially perpendicular to a gravity sensor. 系统建立一个空间坐标系O-XYZ,该空间坐标系的Z轴垂直于水平面,在该坐标系中,以该空间一个确定位置的地磁传感器组32数据为其初始数据Co (Χο、Υο、Ζ()),重力传感器组33的初始数据G〇(0、0、-l)。 System establishes a spatial coordinate system O-XYZ, Z axis of the space coordinate system is perpendicular to a horizontal plane, the coordinate system of the space to a geomagnetic sensor 32 of the position data group for which the initial data is determined Co (Χο, Υο, Ζ ()), a gravity sensor 33 of the initial set of data G〇 (0,0, -l). 当设备运动时,所述地磁传感器组32输出为G“r、S、t),重力传感器组33输出的数据为& (X^YhZ1),对采集的所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的实时数据C^G1和其初始数据CQ、GQ进行归一化处理,S卩,根据所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取所述超声设备在空间的矢量角度。由于所述重力传感器组33安装在第二超声设备2上,所述重力传感器组33绕三个坐标轴旋转的角度即为超声设备在空间中与三个轴的角度,若所述重力传感器组33绕X轴旋转的角度为α,绕Y轴旋转的角度为β,绕Z轴旋转的角度为γ,则所述重力传感器组33与三个轴的角度为(α、β、γ)。 When the motion apparatus, the geomagnetic sensor group 32 output G "r, S, t), the data output from the gravity sensor 33 is set & amp; (X ^ YhZ1), the geomagnetic sensor 32 and the set of the acquired a gravity sensor real-time data set C 33 ^ G1 and the initial data CQ, GQ for normalization, S Jie, established according to the rotation matrix data of the geomagnetic sensor group 32 and group 33 of the gravity sensor and the initial data, a transformation matrix obtained by the ultrasonic apparatus in a vector space angle due to the gravity sensor 33 is mounted on the second group of the ultrasonic device 2, the gravity sensor group 33 to rotate about three axes in space angle is the ultrasound apparatus angle with the three axes, when the gravity sensor set 33 is rotated about the axis X an angle [alpha], the angle of rotation about the Y-axis is beta], angle of rotation about the Z axis gamma], then the gravity sensor 33 with the set three axis is an angle (α, β, γ).

[0030] 旋转矩阵表示的是任意矢量绕坐标系O-XYZ轴线旋转时的坐标变换,矢量绕坐标系0 - XYZ三个轴线旋转的变换矩阵为: [0030] The rotation matrix is ​​represented by a vector of any O-XYZ coordinate system about a coordinate conversion when the axis of rotation, about the vector coordinates 0 - XYZ three axis of rotation transformation matrix:

Figure CN104111095BD00071

[0034] 由此,对Co、Cl、Go、Gi建立联立方程: [0034] Accordingly, simultaneous equations established Co, Cl, Go, Gi:

[0035] Go = GiXX (a) Y (β) Z (γ) (I) [0035] Go = GiXX (a) Y (β) Z (γ) (I)

[0036] Co = Ci XX (α) Y (β) Z (γ) (2) [0036] Co = Ci XX (α) Y (β) Z (γ) (2)

[0037] 通过矩阵变换和公式⑴⑵,得到: [0037] by a matrix transformation and formulas ⑴⑵, to give:

Figure CN104111095BD00072

[0040] 由于矢量角度(α、β、γ)和磁场传感器组58的空间角度并非一一对应,例如角度矢量(30°,60°,100°)和(-150°,120°,-80°)表示一个空间角度,为了消除这种重复的表示,限制各个角度的取值范围:-180°彡α〈180°,-90°彡β〈90°,-180°彡γ〈180°〇 [0040] Since the vector angle (α, β, γ) groups and the spatial angle the magnetic field sensor 58 is not one to one, for example, the vector angle (30 °, 60 °, 100 °) and (-150 °, 120 °, -80 °) represents a spatial angle in order to eliminate this duplicate representation, each limit angle range: -180 ° San α <180 °, -90 ° San β <90 °, -180 ° San γ <180 ° billion

[0041] 通过(3)、(4)求出α、β、γ,即所述重力传感器组33与三个轴的角度矢量为(α、β、γ),也即是汽车与三个轴的角度矢量为(α、β、γ),由此,确定了汽车的方位和角度,即汽车的运行姿态。 [0041] by (3), (4) obtaining α, β, γ, i.e. the gravity sensor 33 and the angle vector set of three axes (α, β, γ), that is, car with three axes vector angle (α, β, γ), thereby determining the position and angle of the car, i.e. car operating position.

[0042] 所述智能终端1构建空间三维坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量。 [0042] Construction of the intelligent terminal a three-dimensional space coordinate system, in accordance with the vehicle acceleration value of the acceleration sensor group 31 and acquired operating position acquired car, car acceleration component is determined in the axial direction of the three-dimensional coordinate system. 具体实施方式为:获取汽车运行姿态,由所述智能终端1构建的空间三维坐标系,确定汽车在空间的方位,根据方位和空间三维坐标轴,确定汽车方位在空间三维坐标轴的分量,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION: obtaining automobile operating position, constructed by the smart terminal 1 three-dimensional space coordinate system, determining the orientation in space of the car, depending on the orientation and the spatial three-dimensional coordinate axes, determining the three-dimensional space axes components car orientation, according to the the acceleration sensor 31 acquired vehicle acceleration set value is determined in the car acceleration component triaxial coordinate system. 所述智能终端1设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值,确定汽车在空间的运行判断确定汽车的行驶状态。 The intelligent terminal 1 sets the threshold value of the car acceleration, and the acceleration of the vehicle based on a threshold value set, determining a space vehicle operation is determined in an automobile travel state is determined. 所述汽车的状态包括正常行驶、急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 The normal driving state of the vehicle comprises, with rapid acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, one or more acceleration downhill traveling.

[0043] 计算油耗:所述空气探测器5将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端1,所述智能终端1根据确定的汽车行驶状态,获取该汽车行驶状态下所述空气探测器1探测的汽车排出的空气数值,根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗。 [0043] The calculated fuel consumption: the air detector 5 to detect the value of the air delivered to the intelligent terminal 1, the intelligent terminal 1 according to the vehicle driving state is determined to obtain the air detector 1 detecting the state of the cars automobile air discharge value, the acquired fuel consumption of an automobile vehicle driving state according to the value of the air discharged from an automobile is calculated.

[0044] 获取车辆平均油耗:所述服务器端2按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗。 [0044] Gets the average fuel efficiency of the vehicle: the server 2 according to different vehicle models were collected normal driving speed of the moving vehicle in the state of consumption, average fuel consumption of the vehicle at different speeds, different models normal driving state. 本发明中,动用汽车终端采集的大数据能力,采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,然后,按车辆型号统计不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗。 The present invention, the use of large capacity data terminal car collection, collecting different speeds and more vehicles fuel consumption under normal driving state, then, according to statistics the average fuel consumption of vehicle models at different speeds normal driving conditions.

[0045] 油耗分析:所述智能终端1按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端2,所述服务器端2根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0045] The fuel consumption analysis: the intelligent terminal in a vehicle fuel consumption by the vehicle model and the acquired vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server 2, 2 initial speed according to the operating state of the car into the server, under the initial velocity of the model vehicle on vehicle fuel consumption in the average fuel consumption in the state and the state of the cars to get extra fuel consumption of cars in this state.

[0046] 如图2所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:所述加速度传感器组31包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器311、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器312以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器313,所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313轴向正交。 [0046] 2, the preferred embodiment of the present invention is that: the acceleration sensor group 31 includes a car front-rear direction of the first acceleration sensing sensor 311, an acceleration sensor sensing a second car and a left-right direction sensor 312 car vertical third acceleration sensor 313, the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the third acceleration sensor 313 orthogonal to the axial direction. 通过设置轴向正交的所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313,同时,所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313分别传感空间三维方向的加速度值,方便进行计算,且以最少的加速度传感器获得最好的效果。 By providing the first axial direction perpendicular to the acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the third acceleration sensor 313, while the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the acceleration sensor 313, respectively, the third pass dimensional direction acceleration value sense of space, to facilitate calculation, the acceleration sensor and with minimal best results. 若所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313分别传感空间三维方向与所述智能终端1构建空间三维坐标系重合,则更加方便确定汽车的加速度状态。 If the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the acceleration sensor 313 sensing a third three-dimensional space and the direction of an intelligent terminal space constructed three-dimensional coordinate systems coincide, it is more convenient to determine an acceleration state of the vehicle.

[0047] 如图1所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:还包括所述智能终端1获取汽车的即时速度值。 [0047] As shown in FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention is: instantaneous speed value further comprising obtaining a vehicle of the intelligent terminal. 在确定汽车行驶状态时,通过汽车的即时速度值,能更加准确地确定汽车的行驶状态。 In determining the cars with the state, through the instant value of the vehicle speed, and can more accurately determine the car's driving state. 比如起步加速行驶,则不归为急加速行驶。 For example, the initial acceleration driving, driving is not classified as sudden acceleration.

[0048] 如图1所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:还包括移动终端4,所述服务器端2将分析结果发送到所述移动终端4。 [0048] As shown in FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention are: 4 further comprises a mobile terminal, the server 2 transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal 4. 通过移动终端4与服务器端2建立网络连接,可以通过移动终端4向服务器端2发送请求,获取指定或绑定汽车的状态信息或分析结果,也可以直接由服务器端2向移动终端4发送汽车状态信息或分析结果。 4 through the mobile terminal 2 and the server establish a network connection, it sends a request to the server 2 via the mobile terminal 4 acquires the specified vehicle status information, or to bind or analysis results may be sent directly from the server 24 to the mobile terminal ends automobiles status information or analysis results.

[0049] 如图1、图2、图3所示,本发明的具体实施方式是:构建一种基于车载终端和服务器端的汽车驾驶行为分析系统,该汽车驾驶行为分析系统包括智能终端1、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器5、服务器端2,所述智能终端1包括传感器3,所述传感器3包括加速度传感器组31、重力传感器组33、地磁传感器组32,所述智能终端1包括无线通讯模块1、汽车行驶状态确定模块13、油耗获取模块14,服务器端2包括平均油耗获取模块21、油耗分析模块22,所述加速度传感器组31传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组33传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组32传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端1设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端1根据所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过 [0049] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG. 3, embodiments of the present invention is: An analysis system constructed based on the onboard terminal and a server-side vehicle driving behavior of the motor vehicle driving behavior analysis system includes an intelligent terminal 1, mounted probe car exhaust pipes in the car exhaust air detector 5, the server 2, the terminal 1 includes a smart sensor 3, the sensor group 31 includes an acceleration sensor 3, a gravity sensor group 33, a geomagnetic sensor group 32, the said intelligent terminal includes a wireless communication module 1, vehicle driving state determination module 13, the fuel consumption acquisition module 14, the server 2 comprises a module 21 obtaining the average fuel consumption, fuel consumption analysis module 22, the respective direction of the vehicle acceleration sensor 31 of the acceleration sensor group value of the gravity sensor 33 sensing vehicle acceleration value set in the direction of gravity, the geomagnetic sensor group 32 and the geomagnetic direction sensor Cars angle value, the smart terminal 1 sets the threshold value of the vehicle acceleration, the said intelligent terminal establishing a rotation matrix based on the data and the initial data of the geomagnetic sensor group 32 and group 33 of the gravity sensor, by 换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端1构建坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值,确定汽车在空间的运行判断确定汽车的行驶状态。 Acquiring transformation matrix car space vector angle so as to obtain the operating position of the car, the smart terminal coordinate system 1 constructed in accordance with the vehicle acceleration value of the acceleration sensor group 31 and acquired car operating position acquired three-dimensional coordinates determined in the car acceleration component in the axial direction, and the vehicle acceleration based on a threshold value set, determining a space vehicle operation is determined in the vehicle travel state is determined. 所述智能终端1将汽车的行驶状态通过无线通讯模块11上传到所述服务器端2,所述服务器端2按汽车行驶状态划分汽车驾驶行为类型,并根据确定的汽车行驶状态确定汽车驾驶行为的类型。 The intelligent terminal of an automobile travel state 1 through the wireless communication module 11 is uploaded to the server 2, server 2 according to the vehicle driving state is divided car type driving behavior, and to determine the driving behavior of the automotive vehicle driving state according to the determined Types of. 所述空气探测器5将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端1,所述油耗获取模块14根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗;所述服务器端2按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,所述平均油耗获取模块21得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗;所述智能终端1按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端2,所述油耗分析模块22根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 The air detector 5 to detect the value of the air delivered to the intelligent terminal 1, calculates the fuel consumption acquisition module 14 acquires the fuel consumption of the automobile vehicle driving state values ​​of the air discharged from an automobile; server 2 by the vehicle model several vehicles were collected at different speeds in the normal driving state of the fuel consumption, average fuel consumption acquisition module 21 of the various different types of vehicle speed obtained with the average fuel efficiency in a normal state; intelligent terminal 1 according to the vehicle model and the acquired vehicle driving state lower vehicle fuel consumption and uploaded to the server 2, the fuel consumption rate during the initial operating state of the car into the analysis module 22, the vehicle model average fuel consumption under normal driving state of the vehicle driving state, and this initial velocity the fuel consumption of the cars with lower fuel consumption obtained state superfluous consumption.

[0050] 如图2所示,本发明的具体实施过程是:以下以例说明:所述地磁传感器组32包括三个轴向正交的地磁传感器,所述重力传感器组33包括三个轴向正交的重力传感器。 [0050] As shown in FIG. 2, the specific embodiment of the process of the present invention: In the following example illustrates: The geomagnetic sensor 32 comprises a set of three orthogonal to the axial geomagnetic sensor, the gravity sensor 33 comprises a set of three axially perpendicular to a gravity sensor. 系统建立一个空间坐标系O-XYZ,该空间坐标系的Z轴垂直于水平面,在该坐标系中,以该空间一个确定位置的地磁传感器组32数据为其初始数据Co (Χο、Υο、Ζ()),重力传感器组33的初始数据G〇(0、0、-l)。 System establishes a spatial coordinate system O-XYZ, Z axis of the space coordinate system is perpendicular to a horizontal plane, the coordinate system of the space to a geomagnetic sensor 32 of the position data group for which the initial data is determined Co (Χο, Υο, Ζ ()), a gravity sensor 33 of the initial set of data G〇 (0,0, -l). 当设备运动时,所述地磁传感器组32输出为G“r、S、t),重力传感器组33输出的数据为&amp; (X^YhZ1),对采集的所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的实时数据C^G1和其初始数据CQ、GQ进行归一化处理,S卩,根据所述地磁传感器组32和所述重力传感器组33的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取所述超声设备在空间的矢量角度。由于所述重力传感器组33安装在第二超声设备2上,所述重力传感器组33绕三个坐标轴旋转的角度即为超声设备在空间中与三个轴的角度,若所述重力传感器组33绕X轴旋转的角度为α,绕Y轴旋转的角度为β,绕Z轴旋转的角度为γ,则所述重力传感器组33与三个轴的角度为(α、β、γ)。 When the motion apparatus, the geomagnetic sensor group 32 output G "r, S, t), the data output from the gravity sensor 33 is set & amp; (X ^ YhZ1), the geomagnetic sensor 32 and the set of the acquired a gravity sensor real-time data set C 33 ^ G1 and the initial data CQ, GQ for normalization, S Jie, established according to the rotation matrix data of the geomagnetic sensor group 32 and group 33 of the gravity sensor and the initial data, a transformation matrix obtained by the ultrasonic apparatus in a vector space angle due to the gravity sensor 33 is mounted on the second group of the ultrasonic device 2, the gravity sensor group 33 to rotate about three axes in space angle is the ultrasound apparatus angle with the three axes, when the gravity sensor set 33 is rotated about the axis X an angle [alpha], the angle of rotation about the Y-axis is beta], angle of rotation about the Z axis gamma], then the gravity sensor 33 with the set three axis is an angle (α, β, γ).

[0051] 旋转矩阵表示的是任意矢量绕坐标系O-XYZ轴线旋转时的坐标变换,矢量绕坐标系0 - XYZ三个轴线旋转的变换矩阵为: [0051] The rotation matrix is ​​represented by a vector of any O-XYZ coordinate system about a coordinate conversion when the axis of rotation, about the vector coordinates 0 - XYZ three axis of rotation transformation matrix:

Figure CN104111095BD00101

[0055] 由此,对Co、Cl、Go、Gi建立联立方程: [0055] Accordingly, simultaneous equations established Co, Cl, Go, Gi:

[0056] Go = GiXX (α) Y (β) Z (γ) (I) [0056] Go = GiXX (α) Y (β) Z (γ) (I)

[0057] Co = Cl XX (α) Y (β) Z ( γ ) (2) [0057] Co = Cl XX (α) Y (β) Z (γ) (2)

[0058] 通过矩阵变换和公式⑴⑵,得到: [0058] by a matrix transformation and formulas ⑴⑵, to give:

Figure CN104111095BD00102

[0061] 由于矢量角度(α、β、γ)和磁场传感器组58的空间角度并非一一对应,例如角度矢量(30°,60°,100°)和(-150°,120°,-80°)表示一个空间角度,为了消除这种重复的表示,限制各个角度的取值范围:-180°彡α〈180°,-90°彡β〈90°,-180°彡γ〈180°〇 [0061] Since the vector angle (α, β, γ) groups and the spatial angle the magnetic field sensor 58 is not one to one, for example, the vector angle (30 °, 60 °, 100 °) and (-150 °, 120 °, -80 °) represents a spatial angle in order to eliminate this duplicate representation, each limit angle range: -180 ° San α <180 °, -90 ° San β <90 °, -180 ° San γ <180 ° billion

[0062] 通过(3)、(4)求出α、β、γ,即所述重力传感器组33与三个轴的角度矢量为(α、β、γ),也即是汽车与三个轴的角度矢量为(α、β、γ),由此,确定了汽车的方位和角度,即汽车的运行姿态。 [0062] by (3), (4) obtaining α, β, γ, i.e. the gravity sensor 33 and the angle vector set of three axes (α, β, γ), that is, car with three axes vector angle (α, β, γ), thereby determining the position and angle of the car, i.e. car operating position.

[0063] 所述智能终端1构建空间三维坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量。 [0063] Construction of the intelligent terminal a three-dimensional space coordinate system, in accordance with the vehicle acceleration value of the acceleration sensor group 31 and acquired operating position acquired car, car acceleration component is determined in the axial direction of the three-dimensional coordinate system. 具体实施方式为:获取汽车运行姿态,由所述智能终端1构建的空间三维坐标系,确定汽车在空间的方位,根据方位和空间三维坐标轴,确定汽车方位在空间三维坐标轴的分量,根据所述加速度传感器组31采集的汽车加速度值确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION: obtaining automobile operating position, constructed by the smart terminal 1 three-dimensional space coordinate system, determining the orientation in space of the car, depending on the orientation and the spatial three-dimensional coordinate axes, determining the three-dimensional space axes components car orientation, according to the the acceleration sensor 31 acquired vehicle acceleration set value is determined in the car acceleration component triaxial coordinate system. 所述智能终端1设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值,汽车行驶状态确定模块13确定汽车的行驶状态。 The intelligent terminal 1 sets the threshold value of the car acceleration, and the acceleration of the vehicle based on the threshold values ​​set, driving status determination module 13 determines the driving state of automobiles. 所述汽车的状态包括正常行驶、急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 The normal driving state of the vehicle comprises, with rapid acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, one or more acceleration downhill traveling.

[0064] 所述空气探测器5将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端1,所述智能终端1根据确定的汽车行驶状态,获取该汽车行驶状态下所述空气探测器1探测的汽车排出的空气数值,油耗获取模块14根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗。 [0064] The air detector 5 to detect the value of the air delivered to the intelligent terminal 1, the intelligent terminal 1 according to the determined vehicle driving state, acquires the next state of the motor vehicle with the air detector to detect a vehicle exhaust air value, calculates fuel consumption acquisition module 14 acquires the fuel consumption of the automobile vehicle driving state values ​​of the air discharged from an automobile.

[0065] 获取车辆平均油耗:所述服务器端2按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗。 [0065] Gets the average fuel efficiency of the vehicle: the server 2 according to different vehicle models were collected normal driving speed of the moving vehicle in the state of consumption, average fuel consumption of the vehicle at different speeds, different models normal driving state. 本发明中,动用汽车终端采集的大数据能力,采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,然后,平均油耗获取模块21按车辆型号统计不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗。 The present invention, the use of large capacity data terminal car collection, collecting different speeds and more vehicles fuel consumption under normal driving state, then, the average fuel consumption acquisition module 21 vehicle models by statistical average fuel consumption under normal driving conditions at different speeds.

[0066] 油耗分析:所述智能终端1按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端2,油耗分析模块22根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0066] Analysis consumption: the intelligent terminal in a vehicle fuel consumption by the vehicle model and the acquired vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server 2, based on the initial fuel consumption analysis module 22 enters the car speed operational state, the the initial speed of the model vehicle on vehicle fuel consumption in the average fuel consumption in the state and the state of the cars to get extra fuel consumption of cars in this state.

[0067] 如图2所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:所述加速度传感器组31包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器311、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器312以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器313,所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313轴向正交。 [0067] 2, the preferred embodiment of the present invention is that: the acceleration sensor group 31 includes a car front-rear direction of the first acceleration sensing sensor 311, an acceleration sensor sensing a second car and a left-right direction sensor 312 car vertical third acceleration sensor 313, the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the third acceleration sensor 313 orthogonal to the axial direction. 通过设置轴向正交的所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313,同时,所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313分别传感空间三维方向的加速度值,方便进行计算,且以最少的加速度传感器获得最好的效果。 By providing the first axial direction perpendicular to the acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the third acceleration sensor 313, while the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the acceleration sensor 313, respectively, the third pass dimensional direction acceleration value sense of space, to facilitate calculation, the acceleration sensor and with minimal best results. 若所述第一加速度传感器311、第二加速度传感器312、第三加速度传感器313分别传感空间三维方向与所述智能终端1构建空间三维坐标系重合,则更加方便确定汽车的加速度状态。 If the first acceleration sensor 311, the second acceleration sensor 312, the acceleration sensor 313 sensing a third three-dimensional space and the direction of an intelligent terminal space constructed three-dimensional coordinate systems coincide, it is more convenient to determine an acceleration state of the vehicle.

[0068] 本发明的进一步技术方案是:所述汽车的状态包括正常行驶、急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 [0068] Further aspect of the present invention is: the normal driving state of the vehicle comprises, with rapid acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, one or more acceleration downhill traveling.

[0069] 如图1所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:还包括所述智能终端1获取汽车的即时速度值。 [0069] As shown in FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention is: instantaneous speed value further comprising obtaining a vehicle of the intelligent terminal. 在确定汽车行驶状态时,通过汽车的即时速度值,能更加准确地确定汽车的行驶状态。 In determining the cars with the state, through the instant value of the vehicle speed, and can more accurately determine the car's driving state. 比如起步加速行驶,则不归为急加速行驶。 For example, the initial acceleration driving, driving is not classified as sudden acceleration.

[0070] 如图1所示,本发明的优选实施方式是:还包括移动终端4,所述服务器端2将分析结果发送到所述移动终端4。 [0070] As shown in FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention are: 4 further comprises a mobile terminal, the server 2 transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal 4. 通过移动终端4与服务器端2建立网络连接,可以通过移动终端4向服务器端2发送请求,获取指定或绑定汽车的状态信息或分析结果,也可以直接由服务器端2向移动终端4发送汽车状态信息或分析结果。 4 through the mobile terminal 2 and the server establish a network connection, it sends a request to the server 2 via the mobile terminal 4 acquires the specified vehicle status information, or to bind or analysis results may be sent directly from the server 24 to the mobile terminal ends automobiles status information or analysis results. 由服务器端2向智能终端1发送,并由智能终端1的输出模块输出12该信息。 2 by the server 1 transmits to the intelligent terminal, intelligent terminal by an output module 12 outputs the information.

[0071] 本发明的技术效果是:构建一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法及系统,通过加速度传感器组31、重力传感器组33、地磁传感器组32确定汽车行驶状态,然后根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗,按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗,所述服务器端2根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 [0071] The technical effect of the invention is: to construct a fuel consumption based on the analysis method and system for vehicle driving state, the acceleration sensor group 31, a gravity sensor group 33, a geomagnetic sensor group 32 to determine vehicle driving state, and then discharged according to the car air numerical acquired fuel consumption in the automotive vehicle driving state, the vehicle model were collected by a plurality of vehicles of different speed under normal driving state of the fuel consumption, vehicle speed to obtain different models of different average fuel consumption under normal driving state, the server 2 the initial speed of the car into the operational state, fuel consumption in the average fuel consumption under normal driving the vehicle model at the initial speed of the vehicle driving state and state to get extra fuel consumption of cars in this state. 本发明将大数据的汽车油耗分析方法结合确定的汽车行驶状态,得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗,方便确定汽车在某种行驶状态下的油耗。 The present invention is an automobile fuel consumption data of the analytical method for determining binding of the vehicle driving state, excess fuel consumption obtained in the vehicle driving state, to facilitate determining fuel consumption in a certain driving condition.

[0072] 以上内容是结合具体的优选实施方式对本发明所作的进一步详细说明,不能认定本发明的具体实施只局限于这些说明。 [0072] The above contents with the specific preferred embodiments of the present invention is further made to the detailed description, specific embodiments of the present invention should not be considered limited to these descriptions. 对于本发明所属技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干简单推演或替换,都应当视为属于本发明的保护范围。 Those of ordinary skill in the art for the present invention, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various simple deduction or replacement, should be deemed to belong to the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,其特征在于,汽车油耗分析系统包括智能终端、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器、服务器端,所述智能终端包括传感器,所述传感器包括加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组,基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法包括如下步骤: 确定汽车行驶状态:所述加速度传感器组传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端根据所述地磁传感器组和所述重力传感器组的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端构建空间三维坐标系,根据所述加速度传感器组采集的 A vehicle fuel consumption analysis method based on vehicle driving state, characterized in that the fuel consumption analysis system includes an intelligent terminal, mounted on a vehicle exhaust pipe of automobile exhaust air detector probe, the server, the intelligent terminal comprises a sensor group including an acceleration sensor, a gravity sensor group, a geomagnetic sensor group, vehicle fuel consumption analysis method based on the vehicle driving state comprising the steps of: determining a vehicle driving state: the value of the corresponding acceleration sensor group sensing direction of the car acceleration, the value of the acceleration sensor gravity sensor group cars in the gravity direction, the angle values ​​of the geomagnetic sensor and the geomagnetism group automobile sensing direction, the intelligent terminal provided the vehicle acceleration threshold value, the intelligent terminal in accordance with the said geomagnetic sensor data and the initial data set and the gravity sensor to establish the set rotation matrix, the vector angle of the car so as to obtain the operating position of the space vehicle, the intelligent terminal space constructed three-dimensional coordinates acquired by the transformation matrix, based on the set of acquisition of the acceleration sensor 车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,然后根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值及汽车运行姿态,确定汽车的行驶状态; 计算油耗:所述空气探测器将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端,所述智能终端根据确定的汽车行驶状态,获取该汽车行驶状态下所述空气探测器探测的汽车排出的空气数值,根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗; 获取车辆平均油耗:所述服务器端按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗; 油耗分析:所述智能终端按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端,所述服务器端根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下 Vehicle acceleration value and the acquired car operating position, determining an acceleration component of a motor vehicle on the triaxial coordinate system, and the vehicle acceleration based on a threshold value set in the operating position and the car, an automobile travel state is determined; calculating fuel consumption: the air detector the air detected value is transmitted to the intelligent terminal, the smart terminal according to the vehicle driving state is determined, the value of air acquires the vehicle driving state detector detects the air discharged from the vehicle, the air discharged from an automobile according to numerical acquired fuel consumption in the automotive vehicle driving state; obtaining average fuel consumption of the vehicle: the server side according to the vehicle model fuel consumption were collected at different speeds plurality of vehicles normal driving conditions, the average speed of the different models of different vehicle normal driving conditions fuel; consumption analysis: the intelligent terminal in the motor vehicle fuel consumption and vehicle model obtained by the vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server, based on the initial vehicle speed enters the running state, the initial velocity at the server the model of the vehicle under normal driving conditions 的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 Vehicle fuel consumption to get extra fuel consumption of cars under the state's average fuel consumption of cars and the state.
2. 根据权利要求1所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,其特征在于,所述汽车的行驶状态包括急加速行驶、变道行驶、急刹车、下坡加速行驶中的一种或几种。 The vehicle fuel consumption analysis method based on the running state of the car as claimed in claim 1, wherein the vehicle includes a running state with sudden acceleration, travel lane change, brakes, an accelerated traveling downhill or several species.
3. 根据权利要求1所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,其特征在于,所述加速度传感器组包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器,所述第一加速度传感器、第二加速度传感器、第三加速度传感器轴向正交。 The vehicle fuel consumption based on the vehicle driving state analysis method of claim 1, wherein said acceleration sensor group comprises a first acceleration sensor sensing longitudinal direction of the automobile, the automobile left direction of the second sensor and an acceleration sensor sensing a third car in the vertical direction acceleration sensor, said first acceleration sensor, a second acceleration sensor, a third orthogonal to the axial acceleration sensor.
4. 根据权利要求3所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,其特征在于,还包括所述智能终端获取汽车的即时速度化值。 The vehicle fuel consumption analysis method based on the vehicle driving state 3 as claimed in claim, characterized in that, further comprising the instantaneous speed values ​​of the vehicle acquired intelligent terminal.
5. 根据权利要求1所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析方法,其特征在于,还包括移动终端,所述服务器端将分析结果发送到所述移动终端。 The vehicle fuel consumption based on the vehicle driving state analysis method of claim 1, wherein further comprises a mobile terminal, the server transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal.
6. —种基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,其特征在于,包括智能终端、安装在汽车排气管上探测汽车排气的空气探测器、服务器端,所述智能终端包括传感器,所述传感器包括加速度传感器组、重力传感器组、地磁传感器组,所述智能终端包括无线通讯模块、汽车行驶状态确定模块、油耗获取模块,所述服务器端包括平均油耗获取模块、油耗分析模块,所述加速度传感器组传感汽车相应方向的加速度值,所述重力传感器组传感汽车在重力方向上的加速度值,所述地磁传感器组传感汽车与地磁方向的角度值,所述智能终端设置所述汽车加速度值的阈值,所述智能终端根据所述地磁传感器组和所述重力传感器组的数据及其初始数据建立旋转矩阵,通过变换矩阵获取汽车在空间的矢量角度从而获取汽车的运行姿态,所述智能终端构建空间三维坐标 6. - kind of vehicle driving state based on fuel consumption analysis system, comprising intelligent terminal, is mounted on the probe car exhaust air detector automobile exhaust pipe, the server, the terminal comprising a smart sensor, the sensor comprises an acceleration sensor groups, the group gravity sensor, a geomagnetic sensor group, the intelligent terminal includes a wireless communication module, a vehicle driving state determination module, fuel consumption acquisition module, the server module comprises obtaining the average fuel consumption, fuel consumption analysis module, said acceleration values ​​of the corresponding acceleration sensor group sensing car direction, the gravity sensor sensing vehicle acceleration set value in the direction of gravity, the angle value of the sensing direction of the geomagnetism cars geomagnetic sensor group, the intelligent terminal provided the car threshold acceleration value, said intelligent terminal establishes a rotation matrix based on the data set of the geomagnetic sensor and the gravity sensor and the initial data set, acquired in the car so as to obtain a space vector angular operating position of the car by the transformation matrix, the intelligent terminal building three-dimensional coordinate space ,根据所述加速度传感器组采集的汽车加速度值以及获取的汽车运行姿态,确定汽车在三维坐标系轴向上的加速度分量,所述汽车行驶状态确定模块根据设置的所述汽车加速度值的阈值及汽车运行姿态确定模块确定汽车的行驶状态;所述空气探测器将探测的空气数值传送到所述智能终端,所述油耗获取模块根据汽车排出的空气数值计算获取该汽车行驶状态下汽车的油耗;所述服务器端按车辆型号分别采集多辆车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的油耗,所述平均油耗获取模块得到不同型号车辆不同速度正常行驶状态下的平均油耗;所述智能终端按车辆型号及获取的该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油耗并上传到所述服务器端,所述油耗分析模块根据汽车进入该运行状态时的初始速度、该初始速度下该型号车辆正常行驶状态下的平均油耗及该汽车行驶状态下的汽车油 The vehicle acceleration values ​​of the set of acquisition of the acceleration sensor and car operating position acquired in the car acceleration component is determined triaxial coordinate system, the vehicle driving state determination module in accordance with the vehicle acceleration threshold value is set and operating position determining module automotive vehicle traveling state; the air detector to detect air value is transmitted to the intelligent terminal, acquiring the fuel consumption of automobile fuel consumption acquisition module calculates the vehicle driving state according to the value of the air discharged from an automobile; the server according to different vehicle models were collected from multiple vehicles traveling speed of the fuel in the normal state, the average fuel consumption of different type obtaining module to obtain different average fuel consumption with the vehicle speed in the normal state; intelligent terminal according to the vehicle type and acquired the fuel consumption in the vehicle driving state and uploaded to the server, the fuel consumption rate during the initial analysis module enters the vehicle according to the operating state, the vehicle model average fuel consumption under normal driving state of the motor vehicle, and this initial velocity automobile oils under the driving state 得到该汽车行驶状态下多余消耗的油耗。 Get the cars with fuel consumption under state superfluous consumption.
7. 根据权利要求6所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,其特征在于,所述加速度传感器组包括传感汽车前后方向的第一加速度传感器、传感汽车左右方向的第二加速度传感器以及传感汽车上下方向的第三加速度传感器,所述第一加速度传感器、第二加速度传感器、第三加速度传感器轴向正交。 6 according to the vehicle driving state based on the fuel consumption analysis system as claimed in claim, wherein said acceleration sensor group comprises a first acceleration sensor sensing longitudinal direction of the automobile, the automobile left direction of the second sensor and an acceleration sensor sensing a third car in the vertical direction acceleration sensor, said first acceleration sensor, a second acceleration sensor, a third orthogonal to the axial acceleration sensor.
8. 根据权利要求6所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,其特征在于,所述加速度传感器为轴向正交的加速度传感器组。 6 according to the vehicle driving state based on the fuel consumption analysis system as claimed in claim, wherein said acceleration sensor is an acceleration sensor set axially orthogonal.
9. 根据权利要求6所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,其特征在于,还包括移动终端,所述服务器端将分析结果发送到所述移动终端。 6 according to the vehicle driving state based on the fuel consumption analysis system as claimed in claim, characterized in that, further comprising a mobile terminal, the server transmits the analysis result to the mobile terminal.
10. 根据权利要求6所述基于汽车行驶状态的汽车油耗分析系统,其特征在于,所述智能终端包括输出模块,所述服务器端将分析结果传送到所述智能终端输出。 6 according to the vehicle driving state based on the fuel consumption analysis system as claimed in claim, characterized in that said intelligent module comprises an output terminal, the server transmits the analysis result to the intelligent terminal output.
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