CN104109017A - Lentinula edode culture medium containing rice straws and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Lentinula edode culture medium containing rice straws and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104109017A
CN104109017A CN201410348276.9A CN201410348276A CN104109017A CN 104109017 A CN104109017 A CN 104109017A CN 201410348276 A CN201410348276 A CN 201410348276A CN 104109017 A CN104109017 A CN 104109017A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
edode
lentinula
rice
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Pending
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CN201410348276.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志元
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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Priority to CN201410348276.9A priority Critical patent/CN104109017A/en
Publication of CN104109017A publication Critical patent/CN104109017A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses lentinula edode culture medium containing rice straws and preparation method thereof. The lentinula edode culture medium is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 60-65 parts of corn cobs, 30-35 parts of rice straws, 20-22 parts of rice chaff, 10-12 parts of coconut shells, 15-16 parts of rice bran meal, 10-12 parts of sawdust, 18-20 parts of bran, 12-13 parts of castor cakes, 9-10 parts of oyster shell powder, 5-6 parts of beef heart infusion, 0.2-0.3 part of polyvinylpyrrolidone, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 2-3 parts of selfheal, 3-4 parts of soapberry, 4-5 parts of areca peel, 2-3 parts of curcuma zedoary, 1-2 parts of sumatriptan, 55-60 parts of clay, 1.5-1.6 parts of carboxymethyl cellulose and 10-12 parts of nutrition additives. According to the culture medium disclosed by the invention, various crop wastes are adopted as main materials, so that the production cost is lowered; moreover, nutrients contained in the culture medium disclosed by the invention satisfy needs of lentinula edode growth, so that the growth period of the lentinula edode is shortened, the cultured lentinula edode is complete in cover, thick in pulp and delicious in taste.

Description

A kind of mushroom culture medium containing rice straw and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to a kind of mushroom culture medium containing rice straw and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms because of its delicious flavour, nutritiously liked by human consumer, it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of mushroom culture medium containing rice straw and preparation method thereof, the high feature of mushroom quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Containing a mushroom culture medium for rice straw, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Corn cob 60-65, rice straw 30-35, rice chaff 20-22, coconut husk 10-12, rice bran meal 15-16, wood chip 10-12, wheat bran 18-20, Semen Ricini cake 12-13, oyster shell powder 9-10, beef heart infusion 5-6, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.2-0.3, terra alba 1-2, Spica Prunellae 2-3, Seed of Chinese Soapberry 3-4, Pericarpium Arecae 4-5, curcuma zedoary 2-3, horse joint 1-2, clay 55-60, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.5-1.6, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the described mushroom culture medium containing rice straw, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Spica Prunellae, Seed of Chinese Soapberry, Pericarpium Arecae, curcuma zedoary, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, corn cob, rice straw, rice chaff, coconut husk, rice bran meal, wood chip, wheat bran, Semen Ricini cake carry out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Horse joint in the present invention is the piece root of the close petard cylinder tree of vitaceae.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention has adopted multiple kinds of crops dead meal as main raw material, has reduced production cost, and the contained nutrient of the present invention to meet mushroom growth required, shorten the growth cycle of mushroom, the mushroom mushroom lid rounding of turning out, mushroom meat plumpness, delicious flavour.
Embodiment
Containing the mushroom culture medium of rice straw, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: corn cob 60, rice straw 30, rice chaff 20, coconut husk 10, rice bran meal 15, wood chip 10, wheat bran 18, Semen Ricini cake 12, oyster shell powder 9, beef heart infusion 5, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.2, terra alba 1, Spica Prunellae 2, Seed of Chinese Soapberry 3, Pericarpium Arecae 4, curcuma zedoary 2, horse joint 1, clay 55, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.5, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: pine nut oil 0.1, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4, palygorskite clay 10, deer natural pond soil 4, starch 7, polyglutamic acid 4;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the described mushroom culture medium containing rice straw, comprises the following steps:
(1) Spica Prunellae, Seed of Chinese Soapberry, Pericarpium Arecae, curcuma zedoary, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, corn cob, rice straw, rice chaff, coconut husk, rice bran meal, wood chip, wheat bran, Semen Ricini cake carry out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
By 10 bags, prior art bacterium bag processed, every bag of heavy 1kg of siccative, as a control group, according to 10 bags, the present invention's bacterium bag processed, every bag of heavily 1kg of siccative, as experimental group, with two groups of substratum under the same conditions mushroom culture comparative result see the following form.
Item compared Average single bag of output (kg) Shape of mushroom Regenerative power power Turn a batch speed
Experimental group 1.32 Mushroom handle is short, mushroom meat plumpness By force Hurry up
Control group 0.93 Mushroom handle is long, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, average every bag culture medium increases production more than 40% than existing substratum, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, mushroom meat plumpness, quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. containing a mushroom culture medium for rice straw, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Corn cob 60-65, rice straw 30-35, rice chaff 20-22, coconut husk 10-12, rice bran meal 15-16, wood chip 10-12, wheat bran 18-20, Semen Ricini cake 12-13, oyster shell powder 9-10, beef heart infusion 5-6, polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.2-0.3, terra alba 1-2, Spica Prunellae 2-3, Seed of Chinese Soapberry 3-4, Pericarpium Arecae 4-5, curcuma zedoary 2-3, horse joint 1-2, clay 55-60, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.5-1.6, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium containing rice straw according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Spica Prunellae, Seed of Chinese Soapberry, Pericarpium Arecae, curcuma zedoary, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, corn cob, rice straw, rice chaff, coconut husk, rice bran meal, wood chip, wheat bran, Semen Ricini cake carry out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201410348276.9A 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Lentinula edode culture medium containing rice straws and preparation method thereof Pending CN104109017A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410348276.9A CN104109017A (en) 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Lentinula edode culture medium containing rice straws and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945118A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Method for preparing mushroom culture medium
CN105110865A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-12-02 合肥一诺生物科技有限公司 Lentinus edodes culture material made from crop straw and preparation method thereof
CN105210819A (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-01-06 山西沃丰盛景农业科技有限公司 A kind of multi-functional automatic ink-suction rod and preparation method thereof
CN108029445A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-05-15 贵州省印江自治县梵净山生态菌业有限公司 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using coconut husk mushroom culture
CN110476712A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-11-22 梁乐 Utilize the method for Guangxi zedoary cauline leaf cultivation agrocybe

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102428828A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-05-02 孙飞 Method for preparing cultivation seeds of pleurotus ostreatus and lentinus edodes
CN103508795A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-15 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation material containing brewer's grain and preparation method thereof
CN103755436A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with straw as raw material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102428828A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-05-02 孙飞 Method for preparing cultivation seeds of pleurotus ostreatus and lentinus edodes
CN103508795A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-15 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation material containing brewer's grain and preparation method thereof
CN103755436A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with straw as raw material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945118A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Method for preparing mushroom culture medium
CN105110865A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-12-02 合肥一诺生物科技有限公司 Lentinus edodes culture material made from crop straw and preparation method thereof
CN105210819A (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-01-06 山西沃丰盛景农业科技有限公司 A kind of multi-functional automatic ink-suction rod and preparation method thereof
CN108029445A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-05-15 贵州省印江自治县梵净山生态菌业有限公司 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using coconut husk mushroom culture
CN110476712A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-11-22 梁乐 Utilize the method for Guangxi zedoary cauline leaf cultivation agrocybe

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Application publication date: 20141022