CN104109004A - Lentinus edodes culture medium containing broadleaf sawdust and preparation method of lentinus edodes culture medium - Google Patents

Lentinus edodes culture medium containing broadleaf sawdust and preparation method of lentinus edodes culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104109004A
CN104109004A CN201410348243.4A CN201410348243A CN104109004A CN 104109004 A CN104109004 A CN 104109004A CN 201410348243 A CN201410348243 A CN 201410348243A CN 104109004 A CN104109004 A CN 104109004A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
lentinus edodes
gained
water
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CN201410348243.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志元
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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Priority to CN201410348243.4A priority Critical patent/CN104109004A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a lentinus edodes culture medium containing broadleaf sawdust and a preparation method of the lentinus edodes culture medium. The lentinus edodes culture medium is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 45 to 50 parts of broadleaf sawdust, 35 to 40 parts of maize straw, 20 to 22 parts of wheat bran, 8 to 10 parts of flour weevil fecula, 6 to 7 parts of silica sand, 8 to 9 parts of coal ash, 4 to 5 parts of soda ash, 1 to 2 parts of lime powder, 2 to 3 parts of gypsum powder, 0.3 to 0.4 part of potassium chloride, 0.3 to 0.4 part of ammonium nitrate, 0.2 to 0.3 part of biochemical humic acid, 0.3 to 0.4 part of ammonium ferric citrate, 0.1 to 0.2 part of tea polyphenol, 2 to 3 parts of moutan bark, 1 to 2 parts of fritillaria cirrhosa, 2 to 3 parts of rhizoma polygonati, 3 to 4 parts of myrrh, 2 to 3 parts of herba osbeckiae opiparae, 40 to 44 parts of clay, 1.3 to 1.5 parts of carboxymethylcellulose, 3 to 4 parts of proteoglycan and 10 to 11 parts of nutrition additive. The culture medium is low in cost as well as reasonable and scientific in formula, wherein the flour weevil fecula can be used for providing microelements for the growth of lentinus edodes, and the biochemical humic acid can be used for controlling the release of nutrients, so that the yield and the quality of the lentinus edodes are improved.

Description

A kind of mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to a kind of mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms because of its delicious flavour, nutritiously liked by human consumer, it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust and preparation method thereof, the high feature of mushroom quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Containing a mushroom culture medium for hardwood sawdust, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Hardwood sawdust 45-50, maize straw 35-40, wheat bran 20-22, tenebrio molitor excrement 8-10, quartz sand 6-7, flyash 8-9, soda powder 4-5, lime powder 1-2, terra alba 2-3, Repone K 0.3-0.4, ammonium nitrate 0.3-0.4, biochemical humic acid 0.2-0.3, ferric ammonium citrate 0.3-0.4, tea-polyphenol 0.1-0.2, Tree Peony Bark 2-3, Unibract Fritillary Bulb 1-2, sealwort 2-3, myrrh 3-4, jar grass 2-3, clay 40-44, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.3-1.5, protein sugar 3-4, nutritional additive 10-11,
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the described mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Tree Peony Bark, Unibract Fritillary Bulb, sealwort, myrrh, jar grass are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose, protein sugar in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, hardwood sawdust, maize straw, wheat bran carries out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Jar grass in the present invention is the branches and leaves of Melastomateae plants Wideleaf Osbeckia Root.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention is cheap, and the reasonable science of filling a prescription, the growth that wherein tenebrio molitor excrement can be edible mushrooms provides trace element, and biochemical humic acid can play controlled-release function to nutrient, can improve the quantity and quality of mushroom, and the present invention contains multiple medicinal herb components, the mushroom of turning out has health-care effect.
Embodiment
Containing the mushroom culture medium of hardwood sawdust, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: hardwood sawdust 45, maize straw 35, wheat bran 20, tenebrio molitor excrement 8, quartz sand 6, flyash 8, soda powder 4, lime powder 1, terra alba 2, Repone K 0.3, ammonium nitrate 0.3, biochemical humic acid 0.2, ferric ammonium citrate 0.3, tea-polyphenol 0.1, Tree Peony Bark 2, Unibract Fritillary Bulb 1, sealwort 2, myrrh 3, jar grass 2, clay 40, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.3, protein sugar 3, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: pine nut oil 0.1, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4, palygorskite clay 10, deer natural pond soil 4, starch 7, polyglutamic acid 4;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the described mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust, comprises the following steps:
(1) Tree Peony Bark, Unibract Fritillary Bulb, sealwort, myrrh, jar grass are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose, protein sugar in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, hardwood sawdust, maize straw, wheat bran carries out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
By 10 bags, prior art bacterium bag processed, every bag of heavy 1kg of siccative, as a control group, according to 10 bags, the present invention's bacterium bag processed, every bag of heavily 1kg of siccative, as experimental group, with two groups of substratum under the same conditions mushroom culture comparative result see the following form.
Item compared Average single bag of output (kg) Shape of mushroom Regenerative power power Turn a batch speed
Experimental group 1.34 Mushroom handle is short, mushroom meat plumpness By force Hurry up
Control group 0.93 Mushroom handle is long, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, average every bag culture medium increases production more than 40% than existing substratum, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, mushroom meat plumpness, quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. containing a mushroom culture medium for hardwood sawdust, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Hardwood sawdust 45-50, maize straw 35-40, wheat bran 20-22, tenebrio molitor excrement 8-10, quartz sand 6-7, flyash 8-9, soda powder 4-5, lime powder 1-2, terra alba 2-3, Repone K 0.3-0.4, ammonium nitrate 0.3-0.4, biochemical humic acid 0.2-0.3, ferric ammonium citrate 0.3-0.4, tea-polyphenol 0.1-0.2, Tree Peony Bark 2-3, Unibract Fritillary Bulb 1-2, sealwort 2-3, myrrh 3-4, jar grass 2-3, clay 40-44, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.3-1.5, protein sugar 3-4, nutritional additive 10-11,
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, and adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium containing hardwood sawdust according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Tree Peony Bark, Unibract Fritillary Bulb, sealwort, myrrh, jar grass are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds carboxymethyl cellulose, protein sugar in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, hardwood sawdust, maize straw, wheat bran carries out micronizing;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water to be stirred to water content and to reach 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201410348243.4A 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Lentinus edodes culture medium containing broadleaf sawdust and preparation method of lentinus edodes culture medium Pending CN104109004A (en)

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Cited By (10)

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CN104817373A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-05 广西大学 Mushroom medium and preparation method thereof
CN104926421A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-23 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 High-rutin efficient culture medium for coprinus comatus prepared from tartary buckwheat straws and preparation method
CN104945150A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Morchella angusticeps high-efficiency culture medium capable of enhancing extracellular SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity and preparation method thereof
CN105061075A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Breathable volvariella volvacea culture medium rich in particles, and preparation method for breathable volvariella volvacea culture medium
CN105523794A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-04-27 王永产 Ganoderma lucidum fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105948879A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-09-21 湖北长久菌业有限公司 Lentinus edodes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106316614A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 铜仁市万山区海洋农业科技发展有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN107162795A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-15 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom plantation compound compost and preparation method thereof
CN109362484A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-22 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultivating champignon culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN111153733A (en) * 2018-10-22 2020-05-15 临泉县福庆生物科技有限公司 Culture medium for planting shiitake mushrooms and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104817373A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-05 广西大学 Mushroom medium and preparation method thereof
CN104926421A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-23 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 High-rutin efficient culture medium for coprinus comatus prepared from tartary buckwheat straws and preparation method
CN104945150A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Morchella angusticeps high-efficiency culture medium capable of enhancing extracellular SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity and preparation method thereof
CN105061075A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Breathable volvariella volvacea culture medium rich in particles, and preparation method for breathable volvariella volvacea culture medium
CN105948879A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-09-21 湖北长久菌业有限公司 Lentinus edodes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105523794A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-04-27 王永产 Ganoderma lucidum fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106316614A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 铜仁市万山区海洋农业科技发展有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN107162795A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-15 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom plantation compound compost and preparation method thereof
CN111153733A (en) * 2018-10-22 2020-05-15 临泉县福庆生物科技有限公司 Culture medium for planting shiitake mushrooms and preparation method thereof
CN109362484A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-22 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultivating champignon culture medium and preparation method thereof

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