CN104107828B - A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor - Google PatentsA kind of high-efficiency refuse processor Download PDF
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- CN104107828B CN104107828B CN201410284346.9A CN201410284346A CN104107828B CN 104107828 B CN104107828 B CN 104107828B CN 201410284346 A CN201410284346 A CN 201410284346A CN 104107828 B CN104107828 B CN 104107828B
- Prior art keywords
- rotating shaft
- filter cylinder
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- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 37
- 239000007787 solid Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 26
- 239000010813 municipal solid waste Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 15
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 8
- 239000010865 sewage Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 7
- 238000003466 welding Methods 0.000 claims description 7
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 claims description 5
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000000926 separation method Methods 0.000 abstract description 14
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 5
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 4
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 4
- 239000002893 slag Substances 0.000 description 3
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000010794 food waste Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000002351 wastewater Substances 0.000 description 2
- 210000003739 Neck Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000003139 buffering Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000003818 cinder Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000004140 cleaning Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000003247 decreasing Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000001125 extrusion Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000012530 fluid Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010438 heat treatment Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000010806 kitchen waste Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000002372 labelling Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000004899 motility Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000002093 peripheral Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001681 protective Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010298 pulverizing process Methods 0.000 description 1
One high-efficiency refuse processor of the present invention, it includes workbench, refuse grinder, equipment for separating liquid from solid and electric cabinet；The table top of workbench is provided with collection feed basin；The bottom of collection feed basin has feed opening；Feed opening connects refuse grinder；Refuse grinder then connects equipment for separating liquid from solid by waste material pipe；Equipment for separating liquid from solid includes collecting case, motor, reduction box, heater, auger assembly, water pump, drain pipe and sewage draining exit；Auger assembly is fixed in collection case with inclined shaft orientation；Auger assembly includes screw auger, filter cylinder and connection guard；Filter cylinder is the hollow type container of column；Screw auger coaxial cooperation is in filter cylinder；It is provided with on meshed outer surface arranging and is connected the charging aperture that guard is connected；Connect guard and be positioned at the surface of charging aperture；Connect guard and realize outside charging by pipeline.By the way, it is provided that a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor, the main separation that by equipment for separating liquid from solid, the food refuse of participation is carried out solid and liquid.Entire machine work efficiency is high, and the disintegrate-quality of rubbish is secure.
The present invention relates to solid-liquid separation processing means field, kitchen, particularly relate to a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor.
For a lot of large kitchens, how remaining food materials process and are one and compare stubborn problem.Existing market On occur in that a series of processor in order to solve remnant food rubbish, these processors based on the theory ground up the refuse, Rubbish after pulverizing is reprocessed.Such as Chinese invention patent " a kind of Solid-liquid kitchen waste separator ", Application No. 201310204895.6；Including: casing, motor of slagging tap, screw auger and filtering grid, described casing has slag inlet, goes out Cinder notch and profit outlet, slag notch is connected by pipeline waste residue bucket；Described casing upper end is provided with opening, upper opening and machine Microswitch it is provided with between shell；Described motor of slagging tap is fixed on outside casing, and described screw auger one end is hinged with motor of slagging tap solid Fixed, the other end is located at slag notch；It is peripheral that described filtering grid is fixed on screw auger；Described casing lower end is provided with nozzle, And nozzle outlet alignment screw auger.This structure can be by the moisture removal in changing food waste, it is simple to rubbish again with. But this changing food waste overnight separator lacks motility and practical degree at a few thing aspect of performance, such as clear at machine Reason, separating effect, the dismounting etc. of structure.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor, and it is reasonable in design, simple in construction, Solve solid-liquid separation module position unreasonable structure in garbage disposer and cause the process problem that work efficiency is low.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention uses is to provide a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor, Described high-efficiency refuse processor includes workbench, refuse grinder, equipment for separating liquid from solid and electric cabinet；The table top of described workbench It is provided with collection feed basin；The bottom of described collection feed basin has feed opening；Described feed opening connects described refuse grinder；Described rubbish Disintegrating machine then connects described equipment for separating liquid from solid by waste material pipe；Described equipment for separating liquid from solid includes collecting case, motor, deceleration Case, heater, auger assembly, water pump, drain pipe and sewage draining exit；Described auger assembly is fixed on described collection case with inclined shaft orientation In；Described auger assembly within described collection case uses mesh squeezing principle；Described motor drives institute by described reduction box State auger assembly extruding solidliquid mixture；Described auger assembly includes screw auger, filter cylinder and connection guard；Described filter cylinder is post The hollow type container of shape；Described screw auger coaxial cooperation is in described filter cylinder；Arrange be provided with on meshed outer surface with The charging aperture that described connection guard is connected；Described connection guard is positioned at the surface of described charging aperture；Described connection guard passes through Pipeline realizes outside charging.
Preferably, described screw auger includes central rotating shaft and helical blade；Described helical blade be fixed on described in The surface of heart rotating shaft；Described central rotating shaft includes upper end semiaxis, rotating shaft main body and lower end semiaxis successively；Described upper end semiaxis, institute State rotating shaft main body and described lower end semiaxis three for coaxial position relation；Described upper end semiaxis is fixed on described by welding manner The upper surface of rotating shaft main body；Described lower end semiaxis is fixed on the lower surface of described rotating shaft main body by welding manner；Described lower end The surface of semiaxis is provided with keyway, and the surface of described upper end semiaxis is provided with screw thread；Fix described on the outer surface of described central rotating shaft Helical blade；Pitch between described helical blade is successively decreased the most one by one；The edge of described helical blade is provided with cleaning institute State the hairbrush of mesh.
Preferably, described feed opening is positioned at the outside of described collection case；The discharging direction of described feed opening is perpendicular to institute State the axial of filter cylinder；The cutting knife of L-type it is provided with between described feed opening and described central rotating shaft；Described cutting knife is fixed on described center Rotating shaft is radially；Described cutting knife can cut off the rubbish at this.
Preferably, described heater includes blower fan, airduct and heater strip；The outer wall of described collection case is provided with air intake Mouthful；Described air inlet is arranged meshed outer surface on filter cylinder；The two ends of described airduct connect respectively described air inlet and Described blower fan；Described heater strip it is provided with in described airduct.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: provide a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor, the main equipment for separating liquid from solid that passes through to participate in Food refuse carry out the separation of solid and liquid.Connect guard and filter cylinder have employed new positional structure and makes the work of equipment Efficiency is high, and the disintegrate-quality of rubbish is secure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of equipment for separating liquid from solid；
Fig. 3 is the internal structure top view of equipment for separating liquid from solid；
Fig. 4 is the partial structurtes sectional view of auger component；
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of screw auger；
In accompanying drawing, the labelling of each parts is as follows: 1, workbench；2, refuse grinder；3, equipment for separating liquid from solid；4, electric cabinet； 5, collection feed basin；6, roller；7, waste material pipe；8, case is collected；9, motor；10, reduction box；11, auger assembly；12, water pump；13, row Water pipe；14, casing；15, blower fan；16, airduct；17, heater strip；18, screw auger；19, filter cylinder；20, guard is connected；21, axle Socket end lid；22, movable end cover；23, mesh；24, helical blade；25, feed opening；26, cutting knife；27, upper end semiaxis；28, rotating shaft Main body；29, lower end semiaxis；30, keyway；31, securing member；32, hairbrush；33, sewage draining exit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail, so that advantages and features of the invention energy It is easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus protection scope of the present invention is made apparent clear and definite defining.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 to 5, the embodiment of the present invention includes:
A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor, it includes workbench 1, refuse grinder 2, equipment for separating liquid from solid 3, electric cabinet 4；Work Station then includes table top, casing 14 and roller 6；Casing 14 supports the table top above it, and roller 6 is installed in the bottom of casing 14. Wherein, refuse grinder 2, equipment for separating liquid from solid 3 and electric cabinet 4 are both secured in casing 14.The table top of workbench is provided with collection Feed basin 5, the bottom of collection feed basin 5 has feed opening, and feed opening connects refuse grinder 2.Electric cabinet 4 and equipment for separating liquid from solid 3 points Not being positioned at the both sides of refuse grinder 2, outside being provided with of electric cabinet 4 places the protective cover that liquid is splashed into.Refuse grinder 2 then passes through Waste material pipe 7 connects equipment for separating liquid from solid 3, and solid-liquid rubbish mixture effectively can be separated into liquid rubbish with solid by entire machine State rubbish, its ability to work is superior, and efficiency is high.
Equipment for separating liquid from solid 3 is the working centre of whole processor, and it includes collecting case 8, motor 9, reduction box 10, heating Device, auger assembly 11, water pump 12, drain pipe 13 and sewage draining exit 33.Such as Fig. 2, owing to collecting after case 8 needs to hold solid-liquid separation Waste water, therefore its sealing property must be good；Furthermore, auger assembly 11, water pump 12, drain pipe 13 are all to be directly realized by solid-liquid to divide From critical piece therefore these parts be respectively positioned on collect case 8 inside.Wherein, drain pipe 13 one end connects water pump 12, and it is another Waste water is discharged collection case 8 through the wallboard collecting case 8 by one end, and sewage draining exit 33 is positioned at the bottom collecting case simultaneously, is used for discharging The residue that those water pumps 12 are not inhaled not go out.The principle of auger assembly 11 is that screw rod squeezing realizes solid-liquid separation, therefore twists Dragon assembly 11 is fixed in collecting case 8 area of fluid seepage when so can maximized realize separating with inclined shaft orientation.Cause For being that inclined shaft mode is fixed, so the bottom of auger assembly 11 is through collecting the wallboard of case 8 and connecting upper outside reduction box 10； It is outer with easy-unloading that the top of auger assembly 11 then extends to collect case 8 through the wallboard collecting case 8.Thus it is positioned at collection case 8 Internal auger component section is the groundwork structure of solid-liquid separation, and it uses mesh squeezing principle to realize.Outside motor 9 Being reduction box 10 and the power source of auger assembly 11, it drives auger assembly 11 to extrude solidliquid mixture.In order to the most real Existing solid-liquid separation effect, fixed heater on the outer wall collecting case 8, heater is through collecting case 8 in auger assembly 11 Solid refuse heats, and so can effectively prevent solid in separation process from overstocking in bulk.And heater mainly includes wind Machine 15, airduct 16 and heater strip 17；The outer wall collecting case 8 is provided with air inlet, and air inlet is placed with mesh on filter cylinder 19 The outer surface of 23, the two ends of airduct 16 connect air inlet and blower fan 15 respectively, are provided with heater strip 17 in airduct 16.Generally speaking, The service behaviour of whole solid-liquid separation device is more preferable, it is possible to increase the quality of solid-liquid separation.
Such as Fig. 4, auger assembly 11 is the vitals of solid-liquid separation, and it includes screw auger 18, filter cylinder 19 and connects net Cover 20.Wherein, filter cylinder 19 is the hollow type container of column, and the bottom of filter cylinder 19 fills Packed bearing (ball) cover 21, filter cylinder 19 Upper end is equipped with movable end cover 22.See in Fig. 2, owing to whole auger assembly 11 is that inclined shaft is fixed in collecting case 8, so its filter The portion of cylinder 19 will be through collecting the wallboard of case 8, and this is accomplished by using the technique such as seamless welding good close to realize Closing property；Owing to filter cylinder 19 and collection case 8 are fixing dead, therefore from figure: be positioned at filter cylinder 19 part collected within case 8 Surface is for squeezing, and must be the good attachment structure of sealing collecting the filter cylinder 19 outside case 8.Collect in case 8 It is placed with fine and closely woven mesh 23 in the lower external face of filter cylinder 19 uniformly, is provided with on meshed outer surface arranging and is connected The charging aperture that guard 20 is connected, and connect guard 20 and be positioned at the surface of charging aperture；Connect guard 20 to be realized by waste material pipe 7 Outside charging, it can be seen that, will be automatically fallen into by action of gravity when solidliquid mixture enters connect guard 20 from waste material pipe 7 In filter cylinder 19, the most not merely possesses the effect of supplied materials buffering；And this knot being similar to connect guard 20 in prior art Structure be mostly positioned at filter cylinder 19 side be only used to buffer supplied materials alleviate mechanism's operating pressure.Screw auger 18 be coaxial cooperation in In the middle of filter cylinder 19, screw auger 18 includes central rotating shaft and helical blade 24.Helical blade 24 outside dimension is interior with filter cylinder 19 Footpath size realizes interference fits, so maximized can realize the effect of solid-liquid separation.And the upper end of central rotating shaft is through living The center of moved end lid 22 is also tightened with movable end cover 22 by securing member 31, and the lower end of central rotating shaft passes in bearing (ball) cover 21 The heart extends to filter cylinder 19 external connection reduction box 10.Being provided with feed opening 25 on filter cylinder 19 on the downside of movable end cover 22 can be by solid Body rubbish ejects.Feed opening 25 is in the outside of collection case 8, and the discharging direction of feed opening 25 is perpendicular to the axial of filter cylinder 19.Under Being provided with the cutting knife 26 of L-type between material mouth 25 and central rotating shaft, cutting knife 26 is fixed on central rotating shaft radially, and cutting knife 26 is general It is provided with two and with axle center as point of symmetry.Cutting knife 26 radical length size is consistent with the radial dimension of helical blade 24, so cuts Cutter 26 just can cut off the rubbish at this.
Such as Fig. 5, the central rotating shaft of screw auger 18 includes upper end semiaxis 27, rotating shaft main body 28 and lower end semiaxis 29 successively. Such as figure, upper end semiaxis 27, rotating shaft main body 28 and lower end semiaxis 29 three are coaxial position relation.Upper end semiaxis 27 is by welding side Formula is fixed on the upper surface of rotating shaft main body 28, and lower end semiaxis 29 is fixed on the lower surface of rotating shaft main body 28 by welding manner.Under The surface of end semiaxis 29 is provided with keyway 30 and can be connected with reduction box 10 by the fit system of straighe bevel gear, upper end semiaxis The surface of 27 is provided with screw thread and can be tightened with movable end cover 22 by securing member 31.The outer surface of central rotating shaft is fixed spiral Blade 24, the pitch between adjoining spiral blade 24 successively decreases the most one by one, i.e. the pitch of bottom is maximum, spiral shell topmost Away from minimum.The structure that this pitch is the least can improve the ability of solid-liquid separation.And it is provided with hairbrush at the edge of helical blade 24 32, so when screw auger 18 works, hairbrush 32 can clear up the mesh-like structure on filter cylinder 19 to avoid mesh to block.On Extrusion capability can be performed to maximize by the screw auger structure stated.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention, not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention, every utilize this Equivalent structure or equivalence flow process that bright description is made convert, or are directly or indirectly used in other relevant technology necks Territory, is the most in like manner included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.
1. a high-efficiency refuse processor, it is characterised in that: described high-efficiency refuse processor include workbench, refuse grinder, Equipment for separating liquid from solid and electric cabinet；The table top of described workbench is provided with collection feed basin；The bottom of described collection feed basin has feed opening； Described feed opening connects described refuse grinder；Described refuse grinder then connects described equipment for separating liquid from solid by waste material pipe； Described equipment for separating liquid from solid includes collecting case, motor, reduction box, heater, auger assembly, water pump, drain pipe and sewage draining exit；Institute State sewage draining exit and be positioned at the bottom collecting case；Described auger assembly is fixed in described collection case with inclined shaft orientation；Described collection case Internal described auger assembly uses mesh squeezing principle；Described motor drives described auger assembly to extrude by described reduction box Solidliquid mixture；Described auger assembly includes screw auger, filter cylinder and connection guard；Described filter cylinder is that the hollow type of column holds Device；Described screw auger coaxial cooperation is in described filter cylinder；It is connected guard with described arranging to be provided with on meshed outer surface The charging aperture being connected；Described connection guard is positioned at the surface of described charging aperture；Outside described connection guard is realized by pipeline Portion feeds.
A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described screw auger includes that center turns Axle and helical blade；Described helical blade is fixed on the surface of described central rotating shaft；Described central rotating shaft includes upper end half successively Axle, rotating shaft main body and lower end semiaxis；Described upper end semiaxis, described rotating shaft main body and described lower end semiaxis three are closed for coaxial position System；Described upper end semiaxis is fixed on the upper surface of described rotating shaft main body by welding manner；Described lower end semiaxis is by welding side Formula is fixed on the lower surface of described rotating shaft main body；The surface of described lower end semiaxis is provided with keyway, and the surface of described upper end semiaxis sets There is screw thread；Described helical blade is fixed on the outer surface of described central rotating shaft；Pitch between described helical blade is from the bottom to top Successively decrease one by one；The edge of described helical blade is provided with the hairbrush clearing up described mesh.
A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described feed opening is positioned at described collection The outside of case；The discharging direction of described feed opening is perpendicular to the axial of described filter cylinder；Described feed opening and described central rotating shaft it Between be provided with the cutting knife of L-type；Described cutting knife is fixed on described central rotating shaft radially；Described cutting knife can cut off the rubbish at this Rubbish.
4. according to a kind of high-efficiency refuse processor described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: described heater include blower fan, Airduct and heater strip；The outer wall of described collection case is provided with air inlet；Described air inlet arrange on filter cylinder meshed outside Surface；The two ends of described airduct connect described air inlet and described blower fan respectively；Described heater strip it is provided with in described airduct.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410284346.9A CN104107828B (en)||2014-06-23||2014-06-23||A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410284346.9A CN104107828B (en)||2014-06-23||2014-06-23||A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor|
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|CN104107828A CN104107828A (en)||2014-10-22|
|CN104107828B true CN104107828B (en)||2016-12-07|
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|CN201410284346.9A Active CN104107828B (en)||2014-06-23||2014-06-23||A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor|
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|CN (1)||CN104107828B (en)|
Families Citing this family (6)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN104441734A (en) *||2014-12-09||2015-03-25||苏州美生环保科技有限公司||Intelligent solid-liquid separator|
|CN105170608B (en) *||2015-09-29||2017-05-10||秦皇岛盛锦环保科技有限公司||Garbage disposal device|
|CN106733044B (en) *||2016-12-30||2019-02-22||苏州美生环保科技有限公司||A kind of rubbish Occlusal grinding processing unit|
|CN108529700A (en) *||2018-04-22||2018-09-14||薛静泽||A kind of sanitary wastewater processing storage device|
|CN111408605B (en) *||2020-03-11||2021-03-19||中福世唯(福建)环境科技有限公司||Kitchen waste processor|
|CN111495942A (en) *||2020-05-15||2020-08-07||苏州中洁宇科技有限公司||Kitchen organic waste treatment system|
Family Cites Families (8)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|JP3628121B2 (en) *||1996-07-25||2005-03-09||株式会社フロム工業||Screw dehydrator|
|JP3904348B2 (en) *||1999-07-29||2007-04-11||蓬莱精工株式会社||Vegetable food waste dewatering machine|
|CN201907212U (en) *||2010-09-03||2011-07-27||北京昊业怡生科技有限公司||Kitchen waste squeezing and dewatering machine|
|CN202558750U (en) *||2012-04-17||2012-11-28||泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司||Novel screw shaft suitable for screw squeezing sludge dewatering machine|
|CN103568353B (en) *||2012-07-20||2015-09-30||北京天高智机技术开发公司||A kind of changing food waste slurry slag separator|
|CN103331196A (en) *||2013-06-27||2013-10-02||苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司||Small-sized industrial waste processing table|
|CN103697679B (en) *||2013-12-17||2015-09-09||许中华||Solid-liquid separation dehydration desiccation integral machine|
|CN204035173U (en) *||2014-06-23||2014-12-24||苏州美生环保科技有限公司||A kind of high-efficiency refuse processor|
- 2014-06-23 CN CN201410284346.9A patent/CN104107828B/en active Active
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