CN104099151A - Drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit - Google Patents

Drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104099151A
CN104099151A CN201410388317.7A CN201410388317A CN104099151A CN 104099151 A CN104099151 A CN 104099151A CN 201410388317 A CN201410388317 A CN 201410388317A CN 104099151 A CN104099151 A CN 104099151A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
sub
feed
bin
smoke exhaust
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410388317.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104099151B (en
Inventor
杨元军
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黄梅县志民粮油贸易有限公司
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Priority to CN201410388317.7A priority Critical patent/CN104099151B/en
Publication of CN104099151A publication Critical patent/CN104099151A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention relates to material machining equipment, particularly to a drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit. The drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit comprises a plurality of rod production machines which are arranged close to each other along a line side by side. A concentrated feeding cabin, a uniform feeding system, a concentrated drying system, a smoke exhaust system and a finished product conveying, screening and packaging system are assembled. According to the drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit, the problems that the existing single rod production machine is low in machining production efficiency, high in energy consumption, high in production cost, large in environmental pollution and the like are solved. The drying and smoke exhaust integrated multiple rod production combination machine unit is mainly used for performing pressing and heating compression on materials such as sawdust, crop straw, branches, bamboo shavings, peanut shells, sunflower seed shells, furfural residues, cotton stalks, sesame stalks, corn stalks, corn cobs and various shrub miscellaneous residual branches after crushing and drying machining so as to produce into firewood rods.

Description

Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units
Technical field
The present invention relates to material processing plant, especially a kind of concentrated oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units.
Background technology
Firewood rod is the best new forms of energy that replace coal as a kind of plant fuel, it is that the raw materials such as the assorted residual branch of sawdust, agricultural crop straw, branch, rice husk, bamboo bits, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, sunflower seed shell, furfural dregs, cotton stem, sesame stalk, corn stalk, corn cob and all kinds of shrub are pulverized through pulverizer, after drier, then be pressed into through special rod-made machine pressurization, the method for heating.In prior art, rod-made machine is all to process with separate unit form, and the problem of existence is: a rod-made machine need to set a dryer, investment is large, and energy consumption is high, and production efficiency is low, particularly rod-made machine firewood rod outlet flue dust is large, and environmental pollution is large, and labor strength is high.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention will solve in the process for processing of firewood rod exactly, adopts the investment of separate unit rod-made machine large, and energy consumption is high, and production efficiency is low, and the problem that environmental pollution is large provides a kind of concentrated oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units.
Concrete scheme of the present invention is: concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, there are many rod-made machines, it is characterized in that: all rod-made machines along a line side by side near arranging, top along all rod-made machines is provided with feed bin, and corresponding every the rod-made machine in bottom of feed bin is provided with a hopper, a side along feed bin is furnished with at least three sub-material lifts, last sub-material lift upper end discharge port is equipped with supply pipe and is communicated with feed bin, the upper end discharge port tipping of all the other sub-material lifts has threeway sub-feed tube, the other two-port of threeway sub-feed tube, one end is communicated with feed bin, the other end is communicated with the lower end opening for feed of a rear lift, a main electromotor and a storage bin are also installed before First sub-material lift, it is main electromotor feed that the lower end of main electromotor is provided with blanking bin, blanking bin is communicated with storage bin simultaneously, the upper end discharge port of main electromotor is also equipped with threeway sub-feed tube, other two-port one end of this threeway sub-feed tube is communicated with storage bin, the other end is communicated with First sub-material lift lower end opening for feed, along feed bin one side, be furnished with an air main, the entrance end of air main connects stoving oven by gas blower, and on air main, corresponding every rod-made machine is connected with a take-off pipe, and every take-off pipe stretches in feed bin and is arranged in above corresponding hopper, the outlet of all rod-made machines is arranged side by side to the same side, and the below exporting along all rod-made machines is provided with finished product travelling belt, and the output terminal tipping of finished product travelling belt has finished product screening band, and the terminal that finished product screening is with is equipped with automatic weighing packing machine, smoke exhaust pipe is equipped with in top along all rod-made machine outlets, connects induced-draft fan, filtering system and blowdown stack after smoke exhaust pipe.
In the present invention, including 10-20 rod-made machines is arranged side by side.
In the present invention, along feed bin one side, every 8-10 rice, be furnished with a sub-material lift.
In the present invention, in all threeway sub-feed tubes that are connected with sub-material lift, the one end that connects feed bin is all provided with regulated valve.
In the present invention, in the threeway sub-feed tube being connected with main electromotor, the one end that connects storage bin is provided with regulated valve.
On the part sidewall above smoke exhaust pipe, rod-made machine being exported described in the present invention, have a plurality of smoke intaking holes; Or a dust collection cover connection smoke exhaust pipe is installed in the outlet of corresponding every rod-made machine.
The take-off pipe tail end sealing being connected with air main described in the present invention, take-off pipe stretches on the part sidewall in feed bin and has densely covered air outlet opening.
The screening of finished product described in the present invention band is comprised of many travelling belts of being arranged by certain intervals.
The present invention designs smoothness, compact equipment, mechanical automation degree is high, production efficiency is high, particularly adopt central heating and fume exhaust integrated, greatly reduced the pollution of flue dust, improved workman's labor condition and working strength, reduced energy consumption and production cost, made productivity effect become multiple to increase.In the present invention, introduced many lifts and threeway sub-feed tube, made product distribution even, avoided actual production process Raw to distribute uneven, the phenomenon that causes rod-made machine to work, has guaranteed that many rod-made machines work simultaneously, has greatly improved production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that the positive axle that waits of the present invention measures intention;
Fig. 4 is that the axles such as the back side of the present invention measure intention;
Fig. 5 is that enlarged view is overlooked in back segment of the present invention part;
Fig. 6 is back segment sectional perspective enlarged view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing of air main of the present invention and take-off pipe;
Fig. 8 is smoke exhaust pipe partial enlarged drawing of the present invention.
In figure: 1-storage bin, 2-blanking bin, 3-main electromotor, 4-threeway sub-material pipeline, 5-feed bin, 6-sub-material lift, 7-threeway sub-material pipeline, 8-air main, 9-finished product travelling belt, 10-finished product screening band, 11-automatic weighing packing machine, 12-smoke exhaust pipe, 13-stoving oven, 14-induced-draft fan, 15-chimney, 16-filtering system, 17-hopper, 18-rod-made machine, 19-gas blower, 20-supply pipe, 21-air outlet opening, 22-take-off pipe, 23-smoke intaking hole.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1-6, the present invention concentrates dries, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, having many rod-made machine 18(markets orders), particularly: all rod-made machines 18 along a line side by side near arranging, top along all rod-made machines 18 is provided with feed bin 5, and corresponding every the rod-made machine 18 in bottom of feed bin 5 is provided with a hopper 17, a side along feed bin 5 is furnished with three sub-material lifts 6, last sub-material lift 6 upper end discharge ports are equipped with supply pipe 20 and are communicated with feed bin 5, the upper end discharge port tipping of all the other sub-material lifts 6 has threeway sub-feed tube 7, the other two-port of threeway sub-feed tube 7, one end is communicated with feed bin 5, the other end is communicated with the lower end opening for feed of a rear lift, a main electromotor 3 and a storage bin 1 are also installed before First sub-material lift 6, the lower end of main electromotor 3 is provided with blanking bin 2 for main electromotor 3 feed, blanking bin 2 is communicated with storage bin 1, the upper end discharge port of main electromotor 3 is also equipped with threeway sub-feed tube 4, other two-port one end of this threeway sub-feed tube 4 is communicated with storage bin 1, the other end is communicated with First sub-material lift 6, along feed bin 5 one sides, be furnished with an air main, the entrance end of air main connects stoving oven 13 by gas blower, and on air main, corresponding every rod-made machine is connected with a take-off pipe 22, and every take-off pipe 22 stretches into and in feed bin 5, is arranged in corresponding hopper 17 tops, the outlet of all rod-made machines 18 is arranged side by side to the same side, and the below that goes out 18 mouthfuls along all rod-made machines is provided with finished product travelling belt 9, and the output terminal tipping of finished product travelling belt 9 has screening to be with 10, and screening is equipped with automatic weighing packing machine 11 with 10 terminal, smoke exhaust pipe 12 is equipped with in top along all rod-made machine 18 outlets, connects induced-draft fan 14, filtering system 16 and blowdown stack 15 after smoke exhaust pipe 12.
In the present embodiment, include 20 rod-made machines 18 and be arranged side by side, according to output, need 20 of operated by rotary motion, certainly few several or more several be also feasible.
In the present embodiment, along feed bin 5 one sides, be furnished with three sub-material lifts 6, the spacing of sub-material lift is 10 meters (being generally 8-10 rice) between two.
In the present embodiment, in all threeway sub-feed tubes 7 that are connected with sub-material lift 6, the one end that connects feed bin 5 is all provided with regulated valve.
In the present embodiment, in the threeway sub-feed tube 4 being connected with main electromotor 3, the one end that connects storage bin 1 is provided with regulated valve.
Smoke exhaust pipe described in the present embodiment 12 is above to having a plurality of smoke intaking holes 23 on the part sidewall of rod-made machine 18 outlets; Or a dust collection cover connection smoke exhaust pipe 12 is installed in the outlet of corresponding every rod-made machine 18.
The take-off pipe 22 tail end sealings that are connected with air main described in the present embodiment, take-off pipe 22 stretches on the part sidewall in feed bin 5 and has densely covered air outlet opening 21.
The screening of finished product described in the present embodiment band is comprised of many travelling belts of being arranged by certain intervals.
Principle of work of the present invention is: referring to Fig. 1-6, raw material adds blanking bin 2 with the speed of 6-8 ton/h, by the main electromotor 3 of 4-4.5kw/h power, with the speed of 2-2.7m/s, be transported to threeway sub-material pipeline 4, respectively raw material delivered to storage bin 1 and lift 6(three is connected with an electronic sluice gate herein); When sluice gate is opened, average toward both sides feeding 3-4 ton/h; When sluice gate is closed, raw material is all sent to First sub-material lift 6, and speed is 6-8 ton/h) to reach the object (see figure 1) of feeding and storing.The power of sub-material lift 6 is also 4-4.5kw/h, speed with speed 2-2.7m/s is transported raw material, by threeway sub-material pipeline 7, raw material is sent respectively to feed bin 5 and second sub-material lift 6 in the ratio of 1/3 ratio and 2/3 again, the power of this sub-material lift 6 is 1.8-2.4kw/h, with the speed of 2-2.7m/s, again by threeway sub-material pipeline 7, raw material is sent respectively to feed bin 5 and the 3rd sub-material lift 6 in 1/2 ratio and 1/2.The power of last this sub-material lift 6 is 1.2-1.7kw/h, with rotating speed 2-2.7m/s speed, by straight feed pipeline 20, raw material is directly sent to feed bin 5(when sluice gate is opened, and send 1-1.3 ton/h at every turn, when sluice gate is closed, send 2-2.6 ton/h at every turn).By the lifting of four lifts, to reach deposit raw material and the uniform object of product distribution.Enter the raw material of feed bin 5 by a plurality of outlets, in being sent to the process of rod-made machine 18 processing, first pass through stoving oven 13(power 25-30kw/h) heat production is via gas blower 19(power 7-8kw/h) temperature is about to the hot blast of 50-70 ℃ is sent to and dries air main 8, air main 8 connected component's pipes are sent hot blast to feed bin 5, the hot gas of then coming by conveying adds the moisture (moisture is dried 10-11% from 14-15%) that heat abstraction remains on raw material and raw material is being sent to rod-made machine 18, first heat after 15-30 minute and can uninterrupted blanking produce, the rod-made machine that is 14-16kw/h by power 18 pressurizations (pressure is 50 tons), heating (temperature is 400-500 ℃) is 15 centimetres by quantitative cutting length, it is 1-2m/s(Fig. 4 that the firewood rod (water content is less than 1%) of producing is sent to finished product travelling belt 9 speed).Again firewood rod collective conveyance is shown in to Fig. 5 to finished product screening band 10(), under action of gravity, finished product is screened and is with 10 by finished product, and defective, tiny slag is cut and filtered out.Through finished product screening, with the finished product after 10 filtrations, be sent on automatic weighing packing machine 11 the 3 tons/h pack of automatically packing.The flue dust producing in the process of processing by rod-made machine 18 is taken away flue dust by fume exhaust system, and flue dust drops to 2% except falling from 30%.The principle of work of fume exhaust system is: under the work of the induced-draft fan 14 that is 14-16kw/h at power, smoke intaking hole 23 by smoke discharging pipe 12 bottom surfaces siphons away the flue dust of manufacturing in production process, then through pipeline transportation, to filtering system 16, process, then be discharged in the air via chimney 15.

Claims (8)

1. concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, there are many rod-made machines, it is characterized in that: all rod-made machines side by side near arranging, are provided with feed bin along the top of all rod-made machines along a line, and corresponding every the rod-made machine in bottom of feed bin is provided with a hopper, a side along feed bin is furnished with at least three sub-material lifts, last sub-material lift upper end discharge port is equipped with supply pipe and is communicated with feed bin, the upper end discharge port tipping of all the other sub-material lifts has threeway sub-feed tube, the other two-port of threeway sub-feed tube, one end is communicated with feed bin, the other end is communicated with the lower end opening for feed of a rear lift, a main electromotor and a storage bin are also installed before First sub-material lift, it is main electromotor feed that the lower end of main electromotor is provided with blanking bin, blanking bin is communicated with storage bin simultaneously, the upper end discharge port of main electromotor is also equipped with threeway sub-feed tube, other two-port one end of this threeway sub-feed tube is communicated with storage bin, the other end is communicated with First sub-material lift lower end opening for feed, along feed bin one side, be furnished with an air main, the entrance end of air main connects stoving oven by gas blower, and on air main, corresponding every rod-made machine is connected with a take-off pipe, and every take-off pipe stretches in feed bin and is arranged in above corresponding hopper, the outlet of all rod-made machines is arranged side by side to the same side, and the below exporting along all rod-made machines is provided with finished product travelling belt, and the output terminal tipping of finished product travelling belt has finished product screening band, and the terminal that finished product screening is with is equipped with automatic weighing packing machine, smoke exhaust pipe is equipped with in top along all rod-made machine outlets, connects induced-draft fan, filtering system and blowdown stack after smoke exhaust pipe.
2. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: include 10-20 rod-made machines and be arranged side by side.
3. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: along feed bin one side, every 8-10 rice, be furnished with a sub-material lift.
4. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: in all threeway sub-feed tubes that are connected with sub-material lift, the one end that connects feed bin is all provided with regulated valve.
5. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: in the threeway sub-feed tube being connected with main electromotor, the one end that connects storage bin is provided with regulated valve.
6. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: on the part sidewall above described smoke exhaust pipe, rod-made machine being exported, have a plurality of smoke intaking holes; Or a dust collection cover connection smoke exhaust pipe is installed in the outlet of corresponding every rod-made machine.
7. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: the described take-off pipe tail end sealing being connected with air main, take-off pipe stretches on the part sidewall in feed bin and has densely covered air outlet opening.
8. concentrated oven dry according to claim 1, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units, is characterized in that: described finished product screening band is comprised of many travelling belts of being arranged by certain intervals.
CN201410388317.7A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated multiple stage system rod Unit erriger CN104099151B (en)

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CN201410388317.7A CN104099151B (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated multiple stage system rod Unit erriger

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CN201410388317.7A CN104099151B (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated multiple stage system rod Unit erriger

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CN104099151B CN104099151B (en) 2016-01-20

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105135861A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 陈卡丹 Crop drying and packing device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1858166A (en) * 2006-06-07 2006-11-08 济南圣泉集团股份有限公司 Method for producing granular fuel from biomass industrial produced wastes
CN202766500U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-06 广州金安源节能科技股份有限公司 Automatic production line for biomass fuel molding
CN103387860A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-11-13 福建省南安市海特机械有限公司 Technique and device for producing biomass pellet fuel
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN103710068A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-09 北京奥科瑞丰新能源股份有限公司 Automatic biomass fuel briquette production line
EP2719749A1 (en) * 2012-10-09 2014-04-16 Coal Products Limited Process for the production of a fuel briquette
CN103740432A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 郑州金土地能源科技有限公司 Biomass particle forming production line and method
CN203999541U (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-10 黄梅县志民粮油贸易有限公司 Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1858166A (en) * 2006-06-07 2006-11-08 济南圣泉集团股份有限公司 Method for producing granular fuel from biomass industrial produced wastes
CN202766500U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-06 广州金安源节能科技股份有限公司 Automatic production line for biomass fuel molding
CN103710068A (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-09 北京奥科瑞丰新能源股份有限公司 Automatic biomass fuel briquette production line
EP2719749A1 (en) * 2012-10-09 2014-04-16 Coal Products Limited Process for the production of a fuel briquette
CN103387860A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-11-13 福建省南安市海特机械有限公司 Technique and device for producing biomass pellet fuel
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN103740432A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 郑州金土地能源科技有限公司 Biomass particle forming production line and method
CN203999541U (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-10 黄梅县志民粮油贸易有限公司 Concentrate oven dry, fume exhaust integrated many system rod associating units

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105135861A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 陈卡丹 Crop drying and packing device

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