CN104098407B - Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104098407B
CN104098407B CN201410319994.3A CN201410319994A CN104098407B CN 104098407 B CN104098407 B CN 104098407B CN 201410319994 A CN201410319994 A CN 201410319994A CN 104098407 B CN104098407 B CN 104098407B
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China
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attapulgite clay
renovation agent
continuous cropping
fructus capsici
clay base
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CN201410319994.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104098407A (en
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任旭琴
陈伯清
潘国庆
高军
李健尧
徐旭
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淮阴工学院
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Abstract

The invention discloses Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof, described attapulgite clay renovation agent is made up of according to mass percent following component: attapulgite clay 40%~65%, waste coal slag 25%~40%, activated carbon 2%~8%, Calx 0.8%~1.5%, humic acid 0.5~2%.The present invention efficiently solves and adopts the such as tradition agronomic measures such as wheel intercropping and interplanting, soil improvement, dystopy nursery to be difficult to the Auto toxicity caused from poisonous substance matter of elimination, thus effectively alleviating formation and the penalty issue of continuous cropping obstacle.

Description

Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of crop cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Continuous cropping obstacle has become as the bottleneck of restriction capsicum industry sustainable development.Continuous cropping obstacle formation and the reason adding recurrence are complicated, are the outward manifestations of rhizosphere soil internal system variant factors effect, including:
1. soil nutrient is unbalanced and soil physical and chemical property deterioration;
2. soil surface characters accumulation and root-zone soil functional disorder;
3. the Auto toxicity that allelochemical etc. cause.
Auto toxicity is that plant passes through leaching, Residue decay, root system secretion release chemical substance in environment, and to self producing the phenomenon of direct or indirect toxic action.Under Continuous Mono-cropping, plant growing is had a great impact by ecological environment of soil, especially plant is had intoxicating effect with the metabolite of pathogenic microorganism by plant residue, and affect metabolic together with what secretions from plant roots was secreted from poisonous substance matter, finally result in the generation of Auto toxicity.Research shows, the Auto toxicity of nascent plant is probably the main cause of continuous cropping obstacle by the secondary metabolites of first crop plant residue, and soil property deterioration and soil-borne disease insect pest aggravation are the secondary harm of continuous cropping obstacle.In order to alleviate continuous cropping obstacle, take turns the agronomic measures such as intercropping and interplanting, soil improvement, dystopy nursery and be often used, but these measures are difficult to eliminate the Auto toxicity caused from poisonous substance matter.
Therefore, find one effective can overcome rescue measure from what poison caused continuous cropping obstacle, find a kind of attapulgite clay base renovation agent that can effectively alleviate Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity, become the top priority solving Fructus Capsici continuous cropping obstacle.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof, the present invention efficiently solves and adopts the such as tradition agronomic measures such as wheel intercropping and interplanting, soil improvement, dystopy nursery to be difficult to eliminate the Auto toxicity caused from poisonous substance matter, thus effectively alleviating formation and the penalty issue of continuous cropping obstacle.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, it is characterized in that: described attapulgite clay base renovation agent is made up of according to mass percent following component: attapulgite clay 40%~65%, waste coal slag 25%~40%, activated carbon 2%~8%, Calx 0.8%~1.5%, humic acid 0.5~2%.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The method of preparation Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
1) according to the selected one group of proportioning of above-mentioned formula constituent mass percent scope, in proportion attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid are mixed;
2) being placed in by the mixture in step 1 in pulverizer and pulverize, after pulverizing, powder diameter controls is 1~2mm, makes attapulgite clay base renovation agent.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The preparation method that application Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent makes seedling medium, it is characterised in that: attapulgite clay base renovation agent is sufficiently mixed uniformly with seedling medium by 1:8~1:12 in blender
The present invention compared with prior art, has following obvious advantage:
1, the present invention comprehensively utilizes the primary raw material as renovation agent of the waste coal slag after attapulgite clay and honeycomb briquette burning, not only contribute to improve resource utilization, turn waste into wealth, can also effectively alleviate Fructus Capsici continuous cropping obstacle, raw material attapulgite clay of the present invention is a kind of natural rich zeopan clay mineral with good adsorbent performance and colloidal property, it is used as the Fructus Capsici adsorbent from poisonous substance matter, again can as fertilizer and soil conditioner, various nutrients in absorption soil, increase soil aggregate, keep and regulate soil fertility, regulate pH value, promote plant growing;Raw material waste coal slag (garbage after honeycomb briquette burning) can improve the water-permeable and air permeable of soil to a certain extent, and the inorganic salt contained in cinder also can provide some nutrients for plant growing;Raw material activated carbon has a large amount of micropore and huge specific surface area, can effectively adsorb the organic pollution in soil;Raw material Calx can neutralize acidity, changes the Acidity of Aikalinity of soil;Raw material humic acid has stronger ion-exchange capacity and absorbability, has complexation and cushioning effect, adds humic acid and both can increase soil fertility, improves soil property, can strengthen again the absorbability from poisonous substance matter.
2, preparation is simple for the present invention, non-environmental-pollution.
3, the attapulgite clay base soil-repairing agent that the present invention prepares is safe and reliable, environmental protection.
4, attapulgite clay base renovation agent of the present invention is equally applicable to other crops.
Detailed description of the invention
Attapulgite clay renovation agent of the present invention is made up of according to mass percent following component: attapulgite clay 40%~65%, waste coal slag 25%~40%, activated carbon 2%~8%, Calx 0.8%~1.5%, humic acid 0.5~2%.
The method of preparation Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, comprises the following steps:
1) according to the selected one group of proportioning of above-mentioned formula constituent mass percent scope, in proportion attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid are mixed;
2) being placed in by the mixture in step 1 in pulverizer and pulverize, after pulverizing, powder diameter controls is 1~2mm, makes attapulgite clay base renovation agent.
The preparation method that application attapulgite clay base renovation agent makes seedling medium, is sufficiently mixed attapulgite clay base renovation agent uniformly with seedling medium by 1:8~1:12 in blender.
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention and understanding, further illustrating the technical solution of the present invention below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, these embodiments should not be understood as the restriction to technical solution.
Embodiment 1:
Attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid 55:37:6:1:1 in mass ratio are placed in pulverizer and pulverize, be sufficiently mixed in blender uniformly by 1:8 with seedling medium.
Embodiment 2:
Attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid 50:40:8:1.5:0.5 in mass ratio are placed in pulverizer and pulverize, be sufficiently mixed in blender uniformly by 1:10 with seedling medium.
Embodiment 3:
Attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid 60:34:4:1:1 in mass ratio are placed in pulverizer and pulverize, be sufficiently mixed in blender uniformly by 1:12 with seedling medium.
Embodiment 4:
Attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon and Calx 63.5:25:8:1.5:2 in mass ratio are placed in pulverizer and pulverize, be sufficiently mixed in blender uniformly by 1:10 with seedling medium.
Application Example 1:
Capsicum variety is that red huge green pepper is bought in Huai'an Vegetable Research Institute, carries out plug pepper seedling with the improvement seedling medium of above-described embodiment 1~4 respectively, it is thus achieved that different disposal pepper seedling, is set to process 1~4, with conventional Hot Pepper Seedling for comparison (CK).Field field planting is carried out when seedling age was 6~7 leaf phase.
Test site is selected in Capsicum tetragonum production base, Huang Ma town, Huai'an, Jiangsu Province, tests with the continuous cropping hot house of 10 years, and soil types is moisture soil.High furrow duplicate rows is cultivated, and seeding row spacing is 40cm × 50cm, and with conventional cultivation method for comparison, the autumn delays Fructus Capsici booth Routine Management, compares with comparison, processes 1~4 pepper seedling growing way uniform, and compares seedling quality no significant difference.After field planting, process the speed of growth of 1~4 pepper plant than comparison raising 15~25%, Fructus Capsici volume increase 12.4%~19.6%, on average increase production 16.3%, show the effect significantly alleviating continuous cropping Auto toxicity.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention; it is not used for limiting protection scope of the present invention; equivalent replacement made on the basis of technique scheme or replacement, belong to protection scope of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is as the criterion with claims.

Claims (3)

1. a Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, it is characterized in that: described attapulgite clay base renovation agent is made up of according to mass percent following component: attapulgite clay 40%~65%, waste coal slag 25%~40%, activated carbon 2%~8%, Calx 0.8%~1.5%, humic acid 0.5~2%.
2. the method preparing a kind of Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
1) according to the selected one group of proportioning of above-mentioned formula constituent mass percent scope, in proportion attapulgite clay, waste coal slag, activated carbon, Calx and humic acid are mixed;
2) being placed in by the mixture in step 1) in pulverizer and pulverize, after pulverizing, powder diameter controls is 1~2mm, makes attapulgite clay base renovation agent.
3. apply the preparation method that a kind of Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent as claimed in claim 1 makes seedling medium, it is characterised in that: attapulgite clay base renovation agent is sufficiently mixed uniformly with seedling medium by 1:8~1:12 in blender.
CN201410319994.3A 2014-07-08 2014-07-08 Fructus Capsici continuous cropping Auto toxicity attapulgite clay base renovation agent, its preparation method and seedling medium preparation method thereof CN104098407B (en)

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CN104961538B (en) * 2015-05-08 2017-11-14 淮阴工学院 Recessed soil matrix immobilization complex micro organism fungicide for improveing capsicum continuous cropping obstacle and preparation method thereof
CN105107838A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-02 淮阴工学院 Method for solidifying soil phthalate by using modified attapulgite
CN106069097A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 安徽省固镇县谷阳有机蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Fructus Capsici
CN108124701A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-06-08 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of method for overcoming continuous cropping obstacle
CN109328904A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-15 贵州品红农业开发有限公司 Pepper seedling raising method
CN109370604B (en) * 2018-11-15 2021-02-09 贵州一品红农业开发有限公司 Soil conditioner for pepper planting field and preparation method thereof
CN110116127A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-08-13 淮阴工学院 A kind of soil remediation method based on modified attapulgite

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