CN104098180B - A kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant - Google Patents

A kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104098180B
CN104098180B CN201410375808.8A CN201410375808A CN104098180B CN 104098180 B CN104098180 B CN 104098180B CN 201410375808 A CN201410375808 A CN 201410375808A CN 104098180 B CN104098180 B CN 104098180B
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immobilized microorganism
aerobic
anaerobic
layer
immobilized
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CN104098180A (en
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方帅
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Guangdong Duncheng Pro-Environment Science AND Technology Co., Ltd.
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Xinchang Chengtan Town Chengshe Machinery Factory
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus, water unit and immobilized microorganism plate, totally 5 layers from top to bottom, artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: gravel bed, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, cinder layer, anaerobic immobilized microbial layer and furfural slag blanket; Gravel bed is provided with suction culvert; Aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer all install immobilized microorganism assembly, and immobilized microorganism component internal installs immobilized microorganism plate, is provided with aerating apparatus bottom aerobic immobilized microorganism layer; Water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot; Artificial swamp pond adopts steel and concrete structure, and body inside, pond arranges impervious barrier.The present invention has following advantage: immobilized microorganism, microorganism aerobic anaerobic treatment and artificial swamp are organically combined, strengthen the effect of microorganism in artificial swamp.

Description

A kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to sewage treatment area, more specifically to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant.
Background technology
Artificial swamp is a kind of Novel sewage treatment process that 20 century 70s grow up, and he utilizes the triple synergy of the physics in natural system, chemistry and biology to realize dirty water purification.Constructed wetland waste water treatment technology has that treatment effect is good, removal efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus is high, during-operation service is convenient, engineering capital construction and the advantage such as running expense is low, is thus widely applied to sanitary sewage disposal, Industrial Waste Water Treatments with, mine and oil production, agriculture point source and pollution of area source and body eutrophication issue handling.
Traditional activated sludge process is applied widely in sewage disposal, main because containing a large amount of living microorganisms in active sludge, these microorganisms fast and effeciently can remove the organism in sewage, and have good Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal, but traditional activated sludge process mud is blended in sewage and is in a kind of fluidised form.At present, immobilized microorganism technology is obtained pay close attention to widely both at home and abroad, as the patent No. is: describe a kind of immobilized microorganism preparation method in 200910056687.X patent specification; Immobilized microorganism principal character is that Microorganism incubation becomes a kind of solid-state, is placed in sewage and has fixing shape, and microorganism not loss of activity, there is good wastewater treatment efficiency.
Artificial swamp is longer compared to other traditional sewage treatment process hydraulic detention times at sewage treatment process, other objectionable impuritiess such as the organism in the sewage of artificial swamp, nitrogen phosphorus are removed mainly through the adsorption of filtrate, a small amount of microorganism can be adsorbed in filtrate gap, microorganism is by the organism in self-acting removal sewage and nitrogen phosphorus, but the less therefore microbial process of the content of microorganisms in filtrate is limited, excessive free state microorganism easily causes filter clogging.
Immobilized microorganism is mainly applied in artificial wet land system by the present invention, microorganism also has aerobic and anaerobism alternate environment, increase microbial process effect, simultaneously because microorganism is in immobilized state, therefore not easily cause artificial swamp to block, improve the wastewater treatment efficiency of artificial swamp entirety.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, provide a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant, immobilized microorganism, microorganism aerobic anaerobic treatment and artificial swamp organically combine by native system.Adopt native system effectively can improve the wastewater treatment efficiency of artificial swamp; For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate, totally 5 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: gravel bed, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, cinder layer, anaerobic immobilized microbial layer and furfural slag blanket; Described gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe and water distribution branch pipe, and water inlet pipe, through pool wall, water inlet pipe is provided with Liquid valve and liquid meter; Described aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer are all provided with immobilized microorganism assembly, immobilized microorganism component internal is provided with immobilized microorganism plate, bottom aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe is installed, aeration house steward, through pool wall, aeration house steward is provided with gas valve and gas meter; Described water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot, and install filter at posticum place, water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond and water inlet pipe place pool wall opposes; Described artificial swamp pond adopts steel and concrete structure to build, and pond body internal side wall and bottom surface arrange impervious barrier.
Described immobilized microorganism plate is put in template by active sludge by mixing with chemical agent, is fixed in template after active sludge is dry; Immobilized microorganism plate thickness is 4.5cm ~ 7cm, and long is 35cm ~ 40cm, and wide is 25cm ~ 30cm.
Described immobilized microorganism assembly adopts reinforcing bar to make rectangular frame, and lower portion is provided with 2 ~ 5 blocks of immobilized microorganism plates, and framework surrounding arranges woven wire, and base of frame arranges 4 supporting legs.
Described aerobic immobilized microorganism layer height is 33cm ~ 40cm, and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer height is 21cm ~ 30cm.
Described gravel bed from top to bottom grain size of gravel diminishes successively, and the superiors' grain size of gravel is 2.7cm ~ 3.6cm, and gravel bed orlop grain size of gravel is 1cm ~ 1.6cm, and gravel bed height is 25cm ~ 35cm.
Described cinder layer cinder particle diameter is 6mm ~ 11mm, and cinder layer height is 25cm ~ 30cm.
Described furfural slag blanket furfural dregs particle diameter is 2mm ~ 6mm, is highly 25cm ~ 35cm.
Described woven wire mesh aperture is less than 6mm.
Described water inlet pipe, water distribution branch pipe, aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe all adopt pvc pipe.
The present invention has following advantage: immobilized microorganism, microorganism aerobic anaerobic treatment and artificial swamp are organically combined, strengthen the effect of microorganism in artificial swamp, and effectively improve wastewater treatment efficiency, floor space is little, and cost of investment is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of immobilized microorganism assembly of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is A-A sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is B-B sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is C-C sectional view of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, artificial swamp pond; 2, gravel; 3, cinder; 4, furfural dregs; 5, immobilized microorganism assembly; 6, immobilized microorganism plate; 7, water leg; 8, water leg water shoot; 9, posticum; 10-a, aeration house steward; 10-b, water inlet pipe; 11-a, gas valve; 11-b, Liquid valve; 12-a, gas meter; 12-b, liquid meter; 13-a, aeration branch pipe; 13-b, water distribution branch pipe; 14, woven wire; 15, supporting leg.
Embodiment
With the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail below:
As shown in Fig. 1,3,4, a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant, comprise artificial swamp pond 1, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate 6, totally 5 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: gravel bed, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, cinder layer, anaerobic immobilized microbial layer and furfural slag blanket, gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe 10-b and water distribution branch pipe 13-b, and water inlet pipe 10-b, through pool wall, water inlet pipe 10-b is provided with Liquid valve 11-b and liquid meter 12-b, water inlet pipe 10-b is connected with source of sewage water, and sewage controls flooding velocity by water inlet pipe 10-b by Liquid valve 11-b and liquid meter 12-b, is evenly distributed on pond from water distribution branch pipe 13-b, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer are all provided with immobilized microorganism plate 6, immobilized microorganism assembly 5 inside is provided with immobilized microorganism plate 6, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward 10-a and aeration branch pipe 13-a is installed bottom aerobic immobilization layer, aeration house steward 10-a is through pool wall, aeration house steward 10-a is provided with gas valve 11-a and gas meter 12-a, aeration house steward 10-a and aerogenesis apparatus are by managing to being connected, and gas meter 12-a and gas valve 11-a can control aeration rate, water unit is by posticum 9, water leg 7 and water leg water shoot 8 form, at posticum place, filter is installed, prevent small particle size rubble from revealing from posticum, water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond and water inlet pipe 10-b place pool wall opposes, sewage is flowed out by water distribution branch pipe 13-b and is filtered by gravel 2 successively, microorganism aerobic process, cinder 3 filters, microbiological anaerobic process, furfural dregs 4 flows out to water leg 7 from posticum 9 after filtering, flow out from the water leg water shoot 8 water leg 7 again, realize the treating processes of whole device, in whole technique, a large amount of SS is removed in the filtration that sewage have passed through gravel, then enter aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and carry out aerobic respiration under the aeration environment of aeration tube, consume a large amount of organism, by NH 3-N changes into NO 3-N, then filter through cinder layer, the filtrate after filtration enters anaerobic immobilized microbial layer, by a large amount of NO in microbiological anaerobic environment 3-N changes into N 2release, effectively improves nitric efficiency, artificial swamp pond 1 adopts steel and concrete structure to build, sound construction, and pond body internal side wall and bottom surface arrange impervious barrier, prevents the raw seepage of time long hair.
Described gravel bed from top to bottom grain size of gravel diminishes successively, and the superiors' gravel 2 particle diameter is 2.7cm ~ 3.6cm, and gravel bed orlop gravel 2 particle diameter is 1cm ~ 1.6cm, and gravel bed height is 25cm ~ 35cm.
Cinder layer adopts cinder 3 particle diameter to be 6mm ~ 11mm, and cinder layer height is 25cm ~ 30cm.
Furfural slag blanket selects particle diameter to be the furfural dregs 4 of 2mm ~ 6mm, and furfural dregs 4 layer height is 25cm ~ 35cm.
As shown in Figure 2, wherein; Immobilized microorganism plate 6 is put in template by active sludge by mixing with chemical agent, is fixed in template after active sludge is dry; Immobilized microorganism plate 6 thickness is 4.5cm ~ 7cm, and long is 35cm ~ 40cm, and wide is 25cm ~ 30cm; Immobilized microorganism assembly 5 adopts reinforcing bar to make rectangular frame, lower portion is provided with 2 ~ 5 blocks of immobilized microorganism plates, framework surrounding arranges woven wire, base of frame arranges 4 supporting legs, framework and woven wire is adopted to be fixed therein by immobilized microorganism plate 6, efficiently avoid the infringement that the extruding of filtrate to immobilized microorganism plate causes, woven wire 14 mesh aperture is less than 6mm.
Suction culvert as shown in Figure 5, water inlet pipe 10-b, water distribution branch pipe 13-b, aeration house steward 10-a and aeration branch pipe 13-a all adopt pvc pipe.
Embodiment
In a preferred embodiment, the long 1.5m of artificial swamp pond body, wide 1.2m, high 1.2m, gravel bed top layer selects the gravel selecting 1cm ~ 1.6cm bottom the gravel of 2.7cm ~ 3.6cm, gravel thickness 30cm, and suction culvert is arranged in gravel bed, cinder layer cinder selects 6mm ~ 11mm, cinder thickness 30cm, and furfural dregs selects particle diameter to be 2mm ~ 6mm, furfural dregs thickness 25cm, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer vertical direction all install 1 layer of immobilized microorganism assembly, horizontal plane installs 16 pieces of immobilized microorganism assemblies, every block immobilized microorganism board size: long × wide × high: 35cm × 25cm × 5cm, in every block immobilized microorganism assembly, 3 blocks of immobilized microorganism plates are installed, every block immobilized microorganism size of components is (not comprising height of landing leg): long × wide × high: 37cm × 27cm × 30cm aerating apparatus is arranged on the immobilized microorganism assembly lower end in aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, aeration branch pipe adopts micro-pore aeration, flooding quantity is 0.1m 3/ h, aeration rate is 0.5 ~ 0.8m 3/ h, hydraulic detention time is about 20h.
Once form is carry out sewage disposal to this embodiment to detect the experimental data drawn:
Can be found by upper table: artificial wetland effluent water quality is highly stable, TN clearance reaches more than 85%, other kinds pollutants removal rate all can reach more than 80% clearance, reaches one-level emission standard A in " municipal sewage plant's pollutant emission standard " (GB18918-2002).

Claims (9)

1. an aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, it is characterized in that, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate, totally 5 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: gravel bed, aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, cinder layer, anaerobic immobilized microbial layer and furfural slag blanket; Described gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe and water distribution branch pipe, and water inlet pipe, through pool wall, water inlet pipe is provided with Liquid valve and liquid meter; Described aerobic immobilized microorganism layer and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer are all provided with immobilized microorganism assembly, immobilized microorganism component internal is provided with immobilized microorganism plate, bottom aerobic immobilized microorganism layer, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe is installed, aeration house steward, through pool wall, aeration house steward is provided with gas valve and gas meter; Described water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot, and install filter at posticum place, water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond, and itself and water inlet pipe place pool wall oppose; Described artificial swamp pond adopts steel and concrete structure to build, and pond body internal side wall and bottom surface arrange impervious barrier.
2. a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described immobilized microorganism plate is made by mixing with chemical agent to be put in template by active sludge, is fixed in template after active sludge is dry; Immobilized microorganism plate thickness is 4.5cm ~ 7cm, and long is 35cm ~ 40cm, and wide is 25cm ~ 30cm.
3. a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described immobilized microorganism assembly adopts reinforcing bar to make rectangular frame, lower portion is provided with 2 ~ 5 blocks of immobilized microorganism plates, framework surrounding arranges woven wire, and base of frame arranges 4 supporting legs.
4. according to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant one of claim 1-3 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described aerobic immobilized microorganism layer height is 33cm ~ 40cm, and anaerobic immobilized microbial layer height is 21cm ~ 30cm.
5. according to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant one of claim 1-3 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described gravel bed from top to bottom grain size of gravel diminishes successively, the superiors' grain size of gravel is 2.7cm ~ 3.6cm, gravel bed orlop grain size of gravel is 1cm ~ 1.6cm, and gravel bed height is 25cm ~ 35cm.
6. according to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant one of claim 1-3 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described cinder layer cinder particle diameter is 6mm ~ 11mm, and cinder layer height is 25cm ~ 30cm.
7. according to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant one of claim 1-3 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described furfural slag blanket furfural dregs particle diameter is 2mm ~ 6mm, is highly 25cm ~ 35cm.
8. a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described woven wire mesh aperture is less than 6mm.
9., according to a kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant one of claim 1-3 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described water inlet pipe, water distribution branch pipe, aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe all adopt pvc pipe.
CN201410375808.8A 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 A kind of aerobic-anaerobic immobilized microorganism waste disposal plant Active CN104098180B (en)

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KR20040088148A (en) * 2003-04-09 2004-10-16 이동거 Wastewater disposal plant and wastewater disposal method
KR100966527B1 (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-06-30 최인식 Block for constructed wetland and constructed wetland using thereof
CN102126791A (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-07-20 河海大学 Anti-plugging method and device of constructed wetland
CN103274530B (en) * 2013-06-19 2014-04-09 中国环境科学研究院 Zonal vertical current artificial wetland system with reinforced denitrification function
CN103466800B (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-06-10 山东大学 Quasi-ecological corbicula fluminea surface-flow constructed wetland and operating method thereof
CN103708622B (en) * 2014-01-02 2015-02-25 东华大学 Microbial fuel cell constructed wetland for efficiently treating organic sewage
CN103819004B (en) * 2014-03-07 2015-05-13 深圳市万信达生态环境股份有限公司 Movable and combined subsurface constructed wetland processing method

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Effective date of registration: 20151026

Address after: 312500 Zhejiang province Xinchang County Chengtan Town Village No. 29 Dong Chen.

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Address before: 312500 Zhejiang province Xinchang County Chengtan Town Village No. 29 Dong Chen.

Patentee before: XINCHANG CHENGTAN TOWN CHENGSHE MACHINERY FACTORY