CN104098039B - A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system - Google Patents

A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104098039B
CN104098039B CN201410322443.2A CN201410322443A CN104098039B CN 104098039 B CN104098039 B CN 104098039B CN 201410322443 A CN201410322443 A CN 201410322443A CN 104098039 B CN104098039 B CN 104098039B
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China
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rope
winch
friction
storage
friction winch
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CN201410322443.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104098039A (en
Inventor
施东兴
熊小平
曾东
王小洋
李强
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武汉船用机械有限责任公司
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Publication of CN104098039A publication Critical patent/CN104098039A/en
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Abstract

A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, including friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel wire rope(32), hydraulic power unit, electrical control panel and leading block, leading block includes leading block I(1)With leading block II(2), electrically connect between electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit;Steel wire rope(32)Leading block II is wound successively(2), friction winch master rotor I(4), master rotor II(6)With leading block I(1)Afterwards, around the conductor rope pulley for entering rope winding jib(26), it is finally wound up the storage rope roll of storage rope winch(17)On.Small volume, realizes steel wire rope(32)Multilamellar row's rope, the function of storage rope is realized while tensioning.

Description

A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of friction winch, more specifically to a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, category In marine machinery technical field.
Background technology
Friction winch is that a kind of drawing of dependence frictional force drives steel wire rope carries equipment, and steel wire rope is not fixed on friction winch On cylinder, but wind some circles on cylinder, and by cylinder frictional force realizing steel wire rope folding and unfolding.Friction winch is typically adopted With double friction roll structures, the larger dangerous shoal of shipyard building berth, drop, cable laying ship, working ship etc. is mainly used in, a shifting ship, Hang and act on traction etc..
The rope-in end of friction winch is pilled-in selvedge, and rope-out end is slack list.After friction winch rope-in end pulling force is through multi-lay winding, root According to Euler's formula, the pulling force at Steel wire rope discharge end decays to very little, therefore friction winch rope-out end needs the tensile force of very little to disappear Remove skidding of the steel wire rope on cylinder;Therefore, the normal operation of friction winch to be realized, needs to increase at Steel wire rope discharge end If tensioner.Routine realizes that the method for friction winch identical tension is directly to set up steel wire tensioning dress before or after friction winch Put;But, this kind of method increased single tensioner, increases the volume of equipment, and then increased accounting for for friction winch Ground area, and increased the cost of friction winch, and the steel wire rope stretching device of routine is only capable of the tensioning of realizing steel wire rope, no Can the row's of realization rope, Chu Sheng simultaneously, in addition need to increase row's rope, storage rope equipment.
Chinese invention patent application publication No.:102649531 A of CN, Shen Qing Publication day:August in 2012 29 days, title For:《Integral type rope storage friction winch with rear-mounted rope arranging guide wheel》Application for a patent for invention in, disclose a kind of integrated form diffuser Row rope storage rope friction winch, including winch rope and be fixed on a base motor, decelerator, master rotor drive mechanism, Master rotor, storage rope roll device and rope arranging guide wheel device, motor is by a shaft coupling connection reducer, and is driven by master rotor Mechanism and a storage rope roll drive sprocket drive mechanism impart power to store rope roll device;During work, in the application for a patent for invention Friction winch need to be run with angular velocity with storage rope roll, and provides friction winch rope stretching by the frictional force of storage rope roll internal friction device Identical tension needed for end.Small volume, occupation of land space are little, lightweight, only need a set of actuating unit to can achieve folding and unfolding storage and restrict.But It is that the application for a patent for invention has the disadvantages that:First, when rope roll rope closing is stored up, the friction winch of constant-speed operation to be realized and change The storage rope roll synchronous operation of speed operation, needs to provide the fortune that frictional force slows down storage rope roll by the strigil in storage rope roll Scanning frequency degree, strigil need friction winch operation have suffered during friction operation, therefore on strigil friction plate heating Abrasion quickly, needs frequently to change strigil, and cost is high;And because storing up the restriction of rope roll structure, strigil can be only installed at storage In rope roll, before dismounting strigil, dismounting storage rope roll single-side stand is needed, dismounting is extremely inconvenient, and repeated disassembled and assembled will have a strong impact on Storage rope roll main shaft and the installation accuracy of single-side stand, long-term continuous operating condition is not suitable for it.2nd, when storage rope roll puts rope, Chu Sheng Cylinder to put rope speed less than the friction winch speed of service, friction winch drags storage rope roll to be accelerated speed and puts rope, so as to cause to rub The pulling force of winch rope-out end is not constant-tension but changing value, and this situation can cause two class major accidents:One is friction winch Chain transmission ruptures because bearing big pulling force between storage rope roll, causes the rapid slack rope of friction winch, causes and draws Loading such as is fallen at the major accident;Two is with the increase of friction winch rope-out end pulling force, causes pulling force suffered by friction winch to exceed Its safe load, causes severe safety accident.It follows that when the application for a patent for invention works, storage rope roll can only wind monolayer Steel cable, this will significantly limit the scope of application of equipment.3rd, electronic friction winch is adopted in the application for a patent for invention, by electricity Machine work characteristics determines that electronic friction winch is typically only capable to meet less than three kinds of operating loading operation or certain frequency scope Interior invariable power work, it is impossible to realize that Various Complex operating loading is run, be therefore the suitable for load of the integrated form friction winch system Lotus condition range is subject to a definite limitation.
Content of the invention
Present invention aims to existing friction winch needs frequently, more renewal of facing renewal cost is high, be not suitable for A kind of the problems such as long-term continuous operating condition, there is provided multifunction combined friction winch system.
For achieving the above object, technical solution of the invention is:A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, bag Friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel wire rope and leading block is included, hydraulic power unit, electrical control panel and pulling force is also included Sensor 12, described leading block include leading block I and leading block II, described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit it Between electrically connect, described electrical control panel is that an operation of an integrated PLC control module and associated appliance element composition is flat Platform, its are used for realizing controlling friction winch, the work of storage rope winch, brake, stopping action,
Described friction winch include two friction winch motors, master rotor I, master rotor II, primary speed-down gear wheel, two Individual primary speed-down little gear, two double reduction gear wheels, double reduction little gears, two described friction winch motors are distinguished It is connected with hydraulic power unit, the output shaft of described two friction winch motors is connected with two primary speed-down little gears respectively, Two described primary speed-down little gears are meshed by gear between primary speed-down gear wheel respectively, and the primary speed-down is big The main shaft of gear is coaxially coupled with double reduction little gear, described double reduction little gear respectively with two double reduction canine tooths It is meshed by gear between wheel, two described double reduction gear wheels are separately fixed on master rotor I and master rotor II;
Described storage rope winch includes storing up rope roll, storage rope winch motor, coupling spindle and built-in reductor, described storage rope Winch motor is connected with hydraulic power unit, and the output shaft of the storage rope winch motor is bonded with built-in reductor, described Built-in reductor is connected by ring flange with one end of storage rope roll, and the other end of the storage rope roll passes through ring flange and couples Axle is connected;
Described rope winding jib includes minor sprocket, big sprocket wheel, chain, manual clutch, conductor rope pulley, rope winding jib support, leads Bar I, pawl, Bidirectional-screw and guide rod II is slided, described Bidirectional-screw, guide rod I and guide rod II are fixed on rope winding jib support, institute State minor sprocket to be arranged on the coupling spindle of storage rope winch, be linked by chain between described minor sprocket and big sprocket wheel, described Big sprocket wheel and manual clutch between be connected by clutch claw, be connected by bearing shell between big sprocket wheel and Bidirectional-screw Connect, described manual clutch is connected by gap between key and Bidirectional-screw axle, described conductor rope pulley is by rolling Bearing and sliding bearing are sleeved on guide rod II, and described Bidirectional-screw two ends are provided with turning slot, and described slides pawl for three Claw structure, the pawl for sliding pawl are socketed on Bidirectional-screw for inner spiral groove structure, Bidirectional-screw and the spiral slided in pawl Groove is engaged, and another pawl for sliding pawl 29 is sleeved on guide rod I, and the third claw for sliding pawl is fixed in conductor rope pulley;
After described steel wire rope winds leading block II, master rotor I, master rotor II and leading block I successively, around entering conductor rope Pulley, is finally wound up on storage rope roll;
Also include pulling force sensor, described steel wire rope horizontal through pulling force sensor, described pulling force sensor with Electrically connect between electrical control panel, on two described friction winch motors, be respectively arranged with inverse proportion overflow valve, described is anti- Electrically connect between proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel, the pressure at right angle signal of steel wire rope is turned by electrical control panel through internal conversion It is changed into the pressure signal of inverse proportion overflow valve, while electrical control panel exports the pressure signal gives inverse proportion overflow valve, it is right to realize The control and regulation of inverse proportion overflow valve spring pressure size, and then control the size of two friction winch motor torsional moments;
Proportional pressure control valve is provided with described storage rope winch motor, between described proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel Electrical connection, by the regulation of electrical control panel comparative example overflow valve spring pressure, realizes the torque of storage rope winch motor Control.
Hydraulic deadman's brake I and deadman's brake II, described safety is provided with described friction winch frame Brake I is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively with deadman's brake II.
Described storage rope roll is arranged on single-side stand.
Described storage rope winch also includes end support, is provided with rolling bearing, end in described end support Support is connected with coupling spindle by rolling bearing.
Described leading block I and leading block II are separately positioned on leading block support.
Described master rotor I and master rotor II are arranged in friction winch frame by rolling bearing respectively.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1st, small volume, realizes realizing multilamellar row's rope, the function of storage rope while steel wire tensioning.The present invention includes that friction is twisted Car, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel wire rope, hydraulic power unit, leading block and electrical control panel, friction winch are twisted by two frictions Vehicle and horse up to drive, storage rope winch by store up rope winch motor drive, storage rope winch rope-discharging speed, identical tension by store up rope winch motor control System, can be directly realized by friction winch with storage rope winch synchronous operation;Small volume, collection row's rope, Chu Sheng, identical tension, synchronous operation etc. Function realizes the function of row's rope, storage rope while one, the tensioning for realizing steel wire rope, solves existing integrated form friction winch Multi-lay winding cannot be realized, and identical tension cannot be provided during multi-lay winding and cannot be realized running simultaneously, solve conventional friction Winch individually increases tensioner causes to take up an area space greatly, relatively costly problem.
2nd, the pawl that slides in the present invention in rope winding jib is three-pawl type structure, and the pawl for sliding pawl is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed On Bidirectional-screw, Bidirectional-screw is engaged with the helicla flute slided in pawl, and another pawl for sliding pawl is sleeved on guide rod I, sliding The third claw of row pawl is fixed in conductor rope pulley;The three-claw interlocking of pawl is slided, intensity and the work for greatly strengthening rope winding jib is steady Qualitative.
3rd, inverse proportion overflow valve is respectively arranged with two friction winch motors in the present invention, by adjusting inverse proportion overflow The size of two friction winch motor torsional moments of the pressure of valve and then regulation, so as to realize the long-term constant speed work of electrodeless load working condition, Solve existing integrated form friction winch to be unable to longtime running, the defect of electrodeless load working condition constant-speed operation can not be met.
4th, hydraulic deadman's brake I and deadman's brake II are provided with friction winch frame in the present invention, and safety is made Dynamic device I is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively with deadman's brake II;By controlling opening for deadman's brake I and deadman's brake II Close, can achieve safety arrestment, and friction winch traction function is can achieve under damped condition.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is top view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the right view of storage rope winch in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart of rope winding jib in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the right view of leading block in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is wirerope-winding schematic diagram in the present invention.
In figure, leading block I 1, leading block II 2, double reduction gear wheel 3, master rotor I 4, primary speed-down gear wheel 5, Master rotor II 6, deadman's brake I 7, deadman's brake II 8, friction winch motor 9, primary speed-down little gear 10, inverse proportion overflow Stream valve 11, pulling force sensor 12, double reduction little gear 13, friction winch frame 14, leading block support 15, friction winch bottom Seat 16, stores up rope roll 17, storage rope winch motor 18, single-side stand 19, end support 20, storage rope winch base 21, minor sprocket 22, big chain Wheel 23, chain 24, manual clutch 25, conductor rope pulley 26, rope winding jib support 27, guide rod I 28 slide pawl 29, Bidirectional-screw 30, Guide rod II 31, steel wire rope 32, built-in reductor 34, coupling spindle 35.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with description of the drawings, the present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system is twisted including electrical control panel, hydraulic power unit, friction Car, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel wire rope 32 and leading block;Pass through cable between described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit Electrical connection, by the switch on electrical control panel and current control, realizes the start and stop of hydraulic power unit.
Described electrical control panel is that the operation that an integrated PLC control module and associated appliance element are constituted is flat Platform, its are used for realizing controlling the actions such as friction winch, the work of storage rope winch, brake, stopping.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, described friction winch includes friction winch base 16, two friction winch motors 9, master rotors I 4th, master rotor II 6, the double reduction gear wheel 3, double reduction of primary speed-down little gear 10, two of primary speed-down gear wheel 5, two Little gear 13.Two described friction winch motors 9 are connected with hydraulic power unit respectively;Two described friction winch motors 9 In be respectively arranged with electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve, electrically connected by cable between electrical control panel and electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve.Described Master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 be arranged in friction winch frame 14 by rolling bearing respectively, so as to realize master rotor I 4 Radial rotating with master rotor II 6;Described friction winch frame 14 is arranged on friction winch base 16 by bolt.Described The output shaft of two friction winch motors 9 is connected with two primary speed-down little gears 10 respectively, 9 points of two friction winch motors Two primary speed-down little gears 10 are not delivered torque to;Two described primary speed-down little gears 10 are big with primary speed-down respectively It is meshed by gear between gear 5, two primary speed-down little gears 10 deliver torque to primary speed-down gear wheel 5;Described The main shaft of primary speed-down gear wheel 5 is coaxial with double reduction little gear 13 to be coupled, and primary speed-down gear wheel 5 delivers torque to two Level reduction pinion teeth 13;Described double reduction little gear 13 passes through gear phase respectively between two double reduction gear wheels 3 Moment of torsion is delivered separately to two double reduction gear wheels 3 by engagement, double reduction little gear 13;Two described double reductions are big Gear 3 is bolted on the side plate of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 respectively, the moment of torsion of two double reduction gear wheels 3 Master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 rotating in same direction is driven respectively.During work, the startup of motor in electrical control panel control hydraulic power unit And stopping, the rotation and stopping of pump in motor-driven hydraulic pumps station, hydraulic oil are delivered to two frictions respectively through fluid pressure line Winch motor 9 and electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve thereon, control two friction winch respectively by reversing switch on electrical control panel The commutation of the electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve oil inlet and outlet in motor 9, realizes the forward and backward of two friction winch motors 9;Two frictions Winch motor 9 is transmitted by moment of torsion, and then drives II 6 forward and backward of master rotor I 4 and master rotor.Described steel wire rope 32 is twined successively After leading block II 2, master rotor I 4, master rotor II 6 and leading block I 1, around conductor rope pulley 26 is entered, storage rope is finally wound up On cylinder 17;Steel wire rope 32 respectively with the grooving compact winding on master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6, fit, by steel wire rope 32 with The stiction produced between the grooving of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 is realized that steel wire rope 32 is involved in and is rolled out, so as to realize that friction is twisted The rope closing of car steel wire rope 32 with put rope.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, Fig. 5, described leading block includes leading block I 1 and leading block II 2;Described guiding is slided Take turns I 1 and leading block II 2 be separately positioned on leading block support 15, described leading block support 15 be arranged on friction twist In underbody seat 16.
Referring to Fig. 1-3, described storage rope winch includes storage rope winch base 21, storage rope roll 17, storage rope winch motor 18, connection Spindle 35 and built-in reductor 34.Described storage rope winch motor 18 is connected with hydraulic power unit, storage rope winch motor 18 with Electrically connected by cable between electrical control panel.During work, the startup and stopping of motor in electrical control panel control hydraulic power unit, The rotation and stopping of pump in motor-driven hydraulic pumps station, hydraulic oil are delivered to storage rope winch motor 18 through fluid pressure line, realize The rotating forward of storage rope winch motor 18.The output shaft of the storage rope winch motor 18 is bonded with built-in reductor 34, by moment of torsion Pass to built-in reductor 34;Described built-in reductor 34 is connected by ring flange with one end of storage rope roll 17, interior Put formula reductor 34 to deliver torque to store up rope roll 17;The other end of the storage rope roll 17 is connected with coupling spindle 35 by ring flange Connect, and then achieve the radial rotating of coupling spindle 35;By storing up the rotating forward of rope winch motor 18, so as to realize the receipts for storing up rope winch Rope.Described storage rope winch also includes end support 20, is provided with rolling bearing, end support in described end support 20 20 are connected with coupling spindle 35 by rolling bearing.Described storage rope roll 17 is arranged on single-side stand 19, described single-side stand 19 It is arranged on storage rope winch base 21;Specifically, 34 outward flange disk of built-in reductor is connected with single-side stand 19 by bolt, End support 20 is connected with single-side stand 19 by ring flange, so as to storage rope roll 17 is arranged on single-side stand 19, realizes storage rope The axial restraint of cylinder 17.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, Fig. 4, described rope winding jib include minor sprocket 22, big sprocket wheel 23, chain 24, manual clutch 25, Conductor rope pulley 26, rope winding jib support 27, guide rod I 28, slide pawl 29, Bidirectional-screw 30 and guide rod II 31.Described Bidirectional-screw 30th, guide rod I 28 and guide rod II 31 are fixed on rope winding jib support 27, and described conductor rope pulley 26 is by rolling bearing and sliding axle Bearing sleeve is mounted on guide rod II 31, it is achieved that 26 moving back and forth in axial direction of conductor rope pulley.Described 30 two ends of Bidirectional-screw It is provided with turning slot, described slides pawl 29 for three-pawl type structure, the pawl for sliding pawl 29 is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed in pair To on screw mandrel 30, Bidirectional-screw 30 is engaged with the helicla flute for sliding pawl 29, can achieve the reciprocating motion for sliding pawl 29;Slide pawl 29 another pawl is sleeved on guide rod I 28;The third claw for sliding pawl 29 is fixed in conductor rope pulley 26, drives conductor rope pulley 26 real Now move back and forth.The minor sprocket 22 is arranged on the coupling spindle 35 of storage rope winch, described minor sprocket 22 and big sprocket wheel 23 it Between be linked composition Chain conveyer by chain 24, make the moment of torsion of storage rope winch pass to big sprocket wheel 23 by Chain conveyer;Described It is connected by clutch claw between big sprocket wheel 23 and manual clutch, between big sprocket wheel 23 and Bidirectional-screw 30, passes through bearing shell phase Connection, it is achieved that big sprocket wheel 23 is freely rotated on Bidirectional-screw 30;Described manual clutch 25 is by key and Bidirectional-screw Between axle 30, gap is connected, and by manual adjustment clutch, realizes that manual clutch 25 is separated with big sprocket wheel 23 and closed, So as to the moment of torsion of big sprocket wheel 23 is passed to Bidirectional-screw 30 by reality, 30 gyration of Bidirectional-screw is driven.During work, storage rope is twisted Car imparts power to the big sprocket wheel 23 of rope winding jib through Chain conveyer, and big sprocket wheel 23 drives Bidirectional-screw 30 times through manual clutch 25 Transhipment is dynamic, when pawl 29 is slided through the turning slot of Bidirectional-screw 30, slide pawl 29 will inverted running, by Bidirectional-screw 30 Coordinate with the helicla flute for sliding pawl 29, the gyration of Bidirectional-screw 30 is converted into the axially reciprocating for sliding pawl 29, is led Rope pulley 26 is realized moving back and forth under the drive for sliding pawl 29 on guide rod II 31, while conductor rope pulley 26 is drawn in steel wire rope 32 Under power effect, on guide rod II 31, gyration is carried out, it is achieved thereby that 32 row of steel wire rope rope.In actually used, appropriate change Guide rod I 28 and the size of conductor rope pulley 26, can not only realize that steel wire rope 32 is oriented to, and adapt to differential tension with different rope footpaths Winch rope-discharging.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, it is preferred that also include pulling force sensor 12, described pulling force sensor 12 is arranged on master rotor I 4 and II 2 middle position of leading block, and pulling force sensor 12 is bolted on friction winch base 16;Steel wire rope 32, horizontal through pulling force sensor 12, are electrically connected by cable between described pulling force sensor 12 and electrical control panel.Described Two friction winch motors 9 on be respectively arranged with inverse proportion overflow valve 11, described inverse proportion overflow valve 11 and electrical control Electrically connect between platform, electrical control panel realizes the regulation of the spring pressure of inverse proportion overflow valve 11.During work, 32 level of steel wire rope Turnover pulling force sensor 12, pulling force sensor 12 will act at 32 pressure at right angle signal of steel wire rope thereon and feed back to electrical control The pressure at right angle signal of steel wire rope 32 is changed into the pressure letter of inverse proportion overflow valve 11 through internal conversion for platform, electrical control panel Number, while electrical control panel exports the pressure signal to inverse proportion overflow valve 11, realize to 11 spring pressure of inverse proportion overflow valve The control and regulation of size, and then the size of two 9 moments of torsion of friction winch motor is controlled, so as to realize the electrodeless load of friction winch Operating mode(Arbitrary Loads i.e. in the range of rated load)Long-term constant speed work, solving existing integrated form friction winch can not be long-term Operation, the defect that electrodeless load working condition constant-speed operation can not be met.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, it is preferred that be provided with hydraulic deadman's brake I 7 and safety in described friction winch frame 14 Brake II 8;Deadman's brake I 7 is connected with two electromagnetic switch valves in hydraulic power unit respectively with deadman's brake II 8, Two electromagnetic switch valves in the hydraulic power unit are electrically connected with electrical control panel respectively by cable, and electrical control panel control should Two electromagnetic switch valve break-makes, so that realize the folding of deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8.Concrete principle is:Friction During winch normal work, electrical control panel is powered to two magnetic switch valves, and the pressure oil in hydraulic power unit is through two electromagnetism Built-in spring hydraulic cylinder in deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8 is entered after switch valve, and oil pressure counter spring resistance is beaten Drive deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8;When electrical control panel gives two electromagnetic switch valve power-off, hydraulic oil cannot Two electromagnetic switch valves are entered, deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8 are made in the spring pressure of its inner spring hydraulic cylinder Lower closure, the brake disc on deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8 is used to produce frictional force with the side plate on master rotor II 6, Friction winch is made to quit work, it is achieved thereby that the brake of friction winch.
Preferably, be provided with proportional pressure control valve on described storage rope winch motor 18, described proportional pressure control valve with electric Electrically connected by cable between control station.During work, by the regulation of electrical control panel comparative example overflow valve spring pressure, realize The control of the torque of storage rope winch motor 18.
Operation principle of the present invention and process are as follows:
Referring to Fig. 1-6, hydraulic power unit provides power to friction winch, storage rope winch, and friction winch rope stretching steel wire rope 32 is passed through Leading block is oriented to, rubbed winch, storage rope winch bottom, then through rope winding jib row's rope, is finally involved in storage rope winch.Detailed process As follows:Steel wire rope 32 from the grooving of leading block II 2 after entering, laying out, around the master rotor I 4 and master rotor that enter friction winch Grooving on II 6, passes through by rope-out end around leading block I 1 after multiple-turns wound on the grooving of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 On grooving, lay out from below leading block I 1, through below the friction winch frame 14 of friction winch, below storage rope winch, around Enter in the grooving of conductor rope pulley 26 of rope winding jib, be finally wound up on the storage rope roll 17 of storage rope winch, fag end is fixed on storage rope and twists In cord-pressing block on car side plate.Hydraulic power unit by hydraulic oil drive storage rope winch motor 18, storage rope winch by store up rope winch horse Drive up to 18, storage rope winch motor 18 imparts power to built-in reductor 34, and built-in reductor 34 is imparted power to Storage rope roll 17, the Bidirectional-screw 30 that the power for storing up rope roll 17 is passed to rope winding jib by Chain conveyer, Bidirectional-screw 30 will radially The axially reciprocating for sliding pawl 29 and conductor rope pulley 26 is converted into, storage rope winch is enclosed per wiring one, 30 row of Bidirectional-screw A pitch is walked, so as to realize row rope and storage rope of the steel wire rope 32 on storage rope winch.According to GB/T3811-1993, steel wire rope The maximum angle of 32 deflections when moving into or laying out 26 groove of conductor rope pulley is not more than 5 °, as long as conductor rope pulley 26 is past on guide rod I 28 Distance corresponding to 5 ° of angles of deflection when the distance of multiple motion lays out 26 groove of conductor rope pulley less than or equal to steel wire rope 32;Herein Deflection when moving into or laying out 26 groove of conductor rope pulley of steel wire rope 32 maximum angle, refer to 32 centrage of steel wire rope and conductor rope slided Take turns the angle between the vertical plane of 26 axles.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, storage rope winch Main Function is to provide the tension force needed for friction winch rope-out end and folding and unfolding friction is twisted Steel wire rope on car, steel wire rope 32 are wound on friction winch, and after being decayed according to Euler's formula, its 32 rope-out end of steel wire rope only must The tensile force of very little is wanted just to eliminate skidding of the steel wire rope 32 on master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6;The steel wire rope of this paper 32 rope-out ends refer to steel wire rope 32 for couple friction winch and storage rope winch between part.During present invention design, by steel wire rope Tensile force needed for 32 rope-out end considers further that frictional dissipation, 32 bending of steel wire rope as the Reference Design load of storage rope winch After power etc., suitable load is chosen as the design load of storage rope winch;It is suitable that design load according to storage rope winch is selected Built-in reductor 34 and the storage rope winch motor 18 for meeting pressure requirements, are adjusted on storage rope winch motor 18 by electrical control panel Proportional pressure control valve spring pressure to be suitable for operating pressure, make the torque of storage rope winch motor 18 meet respective load work The demand of condition, stores up the permanent moment of torsion operating in the operating pressure for setting of rope roll 17, the proportional pressure control valve on storage rope winch motor 18 When spring pressure exceedes setting operating pressure, the proportional pressure control valve overflow that storage is restricted on winch motor 18 makes storage rope winch motor 18 Permanent moment of torsion operating is maintained all the time.During rope closing, the rope closing linear velocity of design storage rope winch is more than 32 linear velocity of friction winch steel wire rope, To ensure that the rope length that friction winch rope-out end releases is taken in by storage rope winch in time, so as to ensure that storage rope winch is received with friction winch Rope speed synchronization, and then make friction winch rope-out end steel wire rope 32 remain enough tensile forces, so as to complete storage rope winch Rope closing synchronous with friction winch.When friction winch active release rope, rope winch still active rope closing is stored up, friction winch is public through Euler After formula decay, the pulling force of 32 rope-out end of steel wire rope decays to very little, therefore the design load of storage rope winch is much smaller than friction winch volume Fixed load, the nominal load of friction winch overcome the maximum load of storage rope winch enough, put rope by friction winch, force storage Rope winch is hauled reversion by friction winch, so as to realize that storage winch of restricting is put rope speed and friction winch to put rope speed synchronous, passes through Storage rope winch passively puts rope, realizes 32 rope-out end constant tensile control of friction winch steel wire rope.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 6, during rope closing, steel wire rope 32 is oriented to by leading block II 2, passes through pulling force sensor from below 12, friction winch master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 is involved in, so as to realize that 32 rope outlet direction of steel wire rope is oriented to;Friction winch rope closing, Steel wire rope 32 after multiple-turns wound on master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 lays out from I 4 top of master rotor, is involved in leading block I 1, After leading block I 1 is oriented to, through passing with 14 neutral position of friction winch frame below master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6;Wear The storage rope roll 17 of storage rope winch and the neutral position of storage rope winch base 21 is crossed, around the conductor rope pulley 26 for entering rope winding jib;Through conductor rope After pulley 26 is oriented to, around entering to store up rope roll 17.Storage rope winch motor 18 imparts power to rope winding jib through Chain conveyer, double so as to drive To 30 gyration of screw mandrel, helicla flute of the Bidirectional-screw 30 with turning slot through sliding pawl 29 coordinates, returning Bidirectional-screw 30 Transhipment is dynamic to be converted into the axially reciprocating for sliding pawl 29, and and then the axially reciprocating for sliding pawl 29 is converted into conductor rope cunning The reciprocating motion of wheel 26, so that complete 32 row of the steel wire rope rope for storing up rope winch.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 6, when putting rope, rope winch still active rope closing, friction winch active release rope, the storage of storage rope winch is stored up Rope roll 17 passively puts rope, and steel wire rope 32 is rolled out through storing up rope roll 17, around entering conductor rope pulley 26;Power is passed by storage rope winch through Chain conveyer Rope winding jib is passed, realizes that storage rope device back and forth puts rope.Neutral position of the steel wire rope 32 through storage rope winch base 21, friction winch With 14 neutral position of friction winch frame below master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6, leading block I 1 is involved in, from leading block I 1 Portion is involved in master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6, after multi-lay winding, lays out from master rotor I 4 and II 6 bottom of master rotor, passes through pulling force Sensor 12, is oriented to through leading block II 2, realizes friction winch identical tension, Synchronous Radio rope.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, when multiple-loading cases work, according to the pulling force of 12 measuring steel wire rope 32 of pulling force sensor, adjust The elastic force of the pressure spring of friction winch inverse proportion overflow valve 11, arranges different driving switch, when multi-state runs, by more Change corresponding load gear and can achieve the electrodeless load working condition work of friction winch, with the electronic friction in existing integrated form friction winch Winch is compared, and range of application is greatly extended.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, during friction winch normal work, the braking arm of force of deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8 Open;Under brake operating mode, the braking arm of force of deadman's brake I 7 and deadman's brake II 8 closure is stopped friction-tight strand by frictional force Car owner's cylinder II 6.Simultaneously under brake operating mode, it is also may rely on deadman's brake I 7 and II 8 frictional force of deadman's brake is realized far Foreign traction.
Referring to Fig. 1-6, small volume of the present invention, collection arrange the work(such as rope, Chu Sheng, identical tension, synchronous operation and electrodeless load working condition Identical tension can cannot be provided when solving existing integrated form friction winch multi-lay winding, it is impossible to longtime running, Bu Nengman in one The electrodeless load working condition operation of foot;Solving conventional friction winch individually increases tensioner occupation of land space greatly, and relatively costly asks Topic.
Above content is further description made for the present invention with reference to specific preferred implementation, it is impossible to assert The present invention be embodied as be confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, On the premise of without departing from present inventive concept, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, said structure should all be considered as belonging to Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, including friction winch, stores up rope winch, rope winding jib, steel wire rope(32)With Leading block, it is characterised in that:Hydraulic power unit, electrical control panel and pulling force sensor are also included(12), described guiding slides Wheel includes leading block I(1)With leading block II(2), electrically connect between described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit, described Electrical control panel is an operating platform of an integrated PLC control module and associated appliance element composition, and which is used for realizing controlling Friction winch processed, the work of storage rope winch, brake, stopping action,
Described friction winch includes two friction winch motors(9), master rotor I(4), master rotor II(6), primary speed-down canine tooth Wheel(5), two primary speed-down little gears(10), two double reduction gear wheels(3), double reduction little gear(13), described Two friction winch motors(9)It is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively, described two friction winch motors(9)Output shaft respectively with Two primary speed-down little gears(10)It is connected, described two primary speed-down little gears(10)Respectively with primary speed-down gear wheel (5)Between be meshed by gear, the primary speed-down gear wheel(5)Main shaft and double reduction little gear(13)Coaxial connection Connect, described double reduction little gear(13)Respectively with two double reduction gear wheels(3)Between be meshed by gear, described Two double reduction gear wheels(3)It is separately fixed at master rotor I(4)With master rotor II(6)On;
Described storage rope winch includes storing up rope roll(17), storage rope winch motor(18), coupling spindle(35)With built-in reductor (34), described storage rope winch motor(18)It is connected with hydraulic power unit, the storage rope winch motor(18)Output shaft with interior Put formula reductor(34)Bonded, described built-in reductor(34)It is connected by ring flange with one end of storage rope roll (17) Connect, the storage rope roll(17)The other end by ring flange and coupling spindle(35)It is connected;
Described rope winding jib includes minor sprocket(22), big sprocket wheel(23), chain(24), manual clutch(25), conductor rope pulley (26), rope winding jib support(27), guide rod I(28), slide pawl(29), Bidirectional-screw(30)With guide rod II(31), described is two-way Screw mandrel(30), guide rod I(28)With guide rod II(31)It is fixed on rope winding jib support(27)On, the minor sprocket(22)It is arranged on storage rope The coupling spindle of winch(35)On, described minor sprocket(22)And big sprocket wheel(23)Between pass through chain(24)It is linked, described Big sprocket wheel(23)With manual clutch(25)Between be connected by clutch claw, big sprocket wheel(23)With Bidirectional-screw(30)Between It is connected by bearing shell, described manual clutch(25)By key and Bidirectional-screw(30)Between gap be connected, described Conductor rope pulley(26)Guide rod II is sleeved on by rolling bearing and sliding bearing(31)On, described Bidirectional-screw(30)Two ends Turning slot is provided with, described slides pawl(29)For three-pawl type structure, pawl is slided(29)A pawl be inner spiral groove structure socket In Bidirectional-screw(30)On, Bidirectional-screw(30)With slide pawl(29)Interior helicla flute is engaged, and slides pawl(29)Another pawl It is sleeved on guide rod I(28)On, slide pawl(29)Third claw be fixed on conductor rope pulley(26)On;
Described steel wire rope(32)Leading block II is wound successively(2), master rotor I(4), master rotor II(6)With leading block I (1)Afterwards, around entering conductor rope pulley(26), it is finally wound up storage rope roll(17)On;
Described steel wire rope(32)Horizontal through pulling force sensor(12), described pulling force sensor(12)With electrical control panel it Between electrically connect, two described friction winch motors(9)On be respectively arranged with inverse proportion overflow valve(11), described inverse proportion overflows Stream valve(11)Electrically connect between electrical control panel, electrical control panel is through internal conversion by steel wire rope(32)Pressure at right angle signal It is changed into inverse proportion overflow valve(11)Pressure signal, while electrical control panel exports the pressure signal gives inverse proportion overflow valve (11), realize to inverse proportion overflow valve(11)The control and regulation of spring pressure size, and then control two friction winch motors (9)The size of moment of torsion;
Described storage rope winch motor(18)On be provided with proportional pressure control valve, between described proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel Electrical connection, by the regulation of electrical control panel comparative example overflow valve spring pressure, realizes storage rope winch motor(18)Moment of torsion big Little control.
2. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Friction winch frame (14)On be provided with hydraulic deadman's brake I(7)With deadman's brake II(8), described deadman's brake I(7)And safety Brake II(8)It is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively.
3. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described storage rope roll (17)It is arranged on single-side stand(19)On.
4. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described storage rope is twisted Car also includes end support(20), described end support(20)Rolling bearing, end support are inside provided with(20)By rolling Dynamic bearing and coupling spindle(35)It is connected.
5. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described guiding is slided Wheel I(1)With leading block II(2)It is separately positioned on leading block support(15)On.
6. a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described master rotor Ⅰ(4)With master rotor II(6)Friction winch frame is arranged on by rolling bearing respectively(14)On.
CN201410322443.2A 2014-07-08 2014-07-08 A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system CN104098039B (en)

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CN106006427B (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-07-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一五研究所 A kind of novel fluting reel and row's cable system
CN108083150B (en) * 2017-10-31 2019-09-20 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of cable reel system
CN112279130A (en) * 2019-11-07 2021-01-29 浙江润华机电有限公司 Electric capstan device
CN111141510B (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-10-23 吉林大学 Force reducing performance test bench for friction wheel type winch force reducing mechanism

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CN102649531B (en) * 2011-02-25 2014-09-10 天津俊昊海洋工程有限公司 Integrated type rear-mounted guide wheel rope discharge and rope storage friction winch
CN201999671U (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-10-05 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Cable-type pulley lifting system for friction winch
CN202558519U (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-11-28 哈尔滨第一机械集团有限公司 Compact servo hydraulic transmission winch
CN203582347U (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-05-07 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Double-drum friction winch for contracting and releasing towed submarine cable burying machine
CN103613023B (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-10-28 江苏科技大学 Based on the friction drive winch of special hawser

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