CN104098039A - Multifunctional combined friction winch system - Google Patents

Multifunctional combined friction winch system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104098039A
CN104098039A CN201410322443.2A CN201410322443A CN104098039A CN 104098039 A CN104098039 A CN 104098039A CN 201410322443 A CN201410322443 A CN 201410322443A CN 104098039 A CN104098039 A CN 104098039A
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China
Prior art keywords
rope
winch
friction
friction winch
storage
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CN201410322443.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104098039B (en
Inventor
施东兴
熊小平
曾东
王小洋
李强
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武汉船用机械有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201410322443.2A priority Critical patent/CN104098039B/en
Publication of CN104098039A publication Critical patent/CN104098039A/en
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Publication of CN104098039B publication Critical patent/CN104098039B/en

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Abstract

A multifunctional combined friction winch system comprises a friction winch, a rope storing winch, a rope arranging device, a steel wire rope (32), a hydraulic pump station, an electrical control console and guide pulleys. The guide pulleys include a guide pulley I (1) and a guide pulley II (2), the electrical control console is electrically connected with the hydraulic pump station, and the steel wire rope (32) sequentially winds the guide pulley II (2), a main drum I (4) of the friction winch, a main drum II (2) of the friction winch and the guide pulley I (1), then is wound in a rope guide pulley (26) of the rope arranging device and is finally wound on a rope storing barrel (17) of the rope storing winch. The multifunctional combined friction winch system is small in size, and functions of rope arranging and rope storing in a multilayer manner are realized while tensioning of the steel wire rope (32) is realized.

Description

A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of friction winch, relate in particular a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, belong to marine machinery technical field.
Background technology
Friction winch is a kind of equipment of carrying that draws that relies on frictional force drives steel rope, and steel rope is not fixed on the cylinder of friction winch, but on cylinder, is wound around some circles, and realizes steel rope folding and unfolding by the friction force of cylinder.Friction winch is general adopts two friction roll structures, is mainly used in shipbuilding yard building berth, dangerous shoal that drop is larger, cable layer, auxiliary vessel etc., plays to move ship, hang and the effect such as traction.
The rope-in end of friction winch is pilled-in selvedge, and rope-out end is slack list.Friction winch rope-in end pulling force is after multiple wraps, and according to Euler's formula, the pulling force of steel rope rope-out end decays to very little, therefore friction winch rope-out end needs very little tensile force to eliminate the skidding of steel rope on cylinder; Therefore, realize the normal operation of friction winch, need to set up tightening device in steel rope rope-out end.The method that routine realizes the permanent tension force of friction winch is directly before or after friction winch, to set up steel wire rope stretching device; But, this kind of method increased independent tightening device, increase the volume of equipment, and then increase the floor area of friction winch, and increase the cost of friction winch, and conventional steel wire rope stretching device only can realize the tensioning of steel rope, the row of realization rope, Chu Sheng simultaneously, needing increases in addition row's rope, stores up rope equipment.
Chinese invention patent application publication No.: CN 102649531 A, Shen Qing Publication day: on August 29th, 2012, name is called: in the application for a patent for invention of " Integral type rope storage friction winch with rear-mounted rope arranging guide wheel ", a kind of Integral type rope storage friction winch with rear-mounted rope arranging guide wheel is disclosed, comprise winch rope and be fixed on the electrical motor on a base, retarder, master rotor transmission device, master rotor, storage rope roll device and rope arranging guide wheel device, electrical motor is by a coupler connection reducer, and give storage rope roll device by master rotor transmission device and a storage rope roll drive sprocket transmission device by transmission of power, when work, in this application for a patent for invention, friction winch need move with cireular frequency with storage rope roll, and provides friction winch rope-out end required permanent tension force by the friction force of strigil in storage rope roll.Volume is little, occupation of land space is little, lightweight, only needs a set of power drive can realize folding and unfolding storage rope.But, this application for a patent for invention has following shortcoming: one,, in the time of storage rope roll rope closing, realize the storage rope roll synchronized operation of friction winch and the variable-speed operation of constant-speed operation, need to rely on be arranged on the running velocity that the strigil of storage in rope roll provides friction force to slow down storage rope roll, strigil need to friction winch operation have suffered process in friction work, therefore the heating of the friction lining on strigil wearing and tearing are very fast, need the frequent strigil of changing, cost is high; And because of the restriction of storage rope roll structure, strigil can only be arranged in storage rope roll, before dismounting strigil, needs dismounting storage rope roll single-side stand, dismounting is extremely inconvenient, and repeated disassembled and assembled by have a strong impact on storage rope roll main shaft and single-side stand setting accuracy, be not suitable for long-term continuous operating condition.Two, in the time that storage rope roll is put rope, storage rope roll to put rope speed less than friction winch running velocity, friction winch drags storage rope roll pick up speed and puts rope, thereby the pulling force that causes friction winch rope-out end is not constant-tension but changing value, this situation can cause two class major accidents: the one, and between friction winch and storage rope roll, chain transmission ruptures because bearing large pulling force, cause the rapid slack rope of friction winch, cause and draw the loading grave accident such as fall; The 2nd, along with the increase of friction winch rope-out end pulling force, cause the suffered pulling force of friction winch to exceed its safety weight, cause serious safety misadventure.Hence one can see that, and when this application for a patent for invention work, storage rope roll can only be wound around individual layer steel cable, and this will limit the Applicable scope of equipment greatly.Three, in this application for a patent for invention, adopt electronic friction winch, determine that by machine operation feature electronic friction winch conventionally can only meet permanent power within the scope of three kinds of following operating loading operations or certain frequency and work, can not realize the operation of Various Complex operating loading, therefore the applicable load working condition scope of this integrated form friction winch system is subject to certain limitation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for existing friction winch needs frequently more renewal of facing renewal cost high, be not suitable for the problems such as long-term operating condition continuously, a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system is provided.
For achieving the above object, technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, comprise friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel rope and leading sheave, also include hydraulic power unit and electrical control panel, described leading sheave comprises leading sheave I and leading sheave II, between described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit, be electrically connected
Described friction winch comprises two friction winch motors, master rotor I, master rotor II, primary speed-down big gear wheel, two primary speed-down miniature gearss, two double reduction big gear wheels, double reduction miniature gears, two described friction winch motors are connected with hydraulic power unit respectively, the output shaft of described two friction winch motors is connected with two primary speed-down miniature gearss respectively, two described primary speed-down miniature gearss are meshed by gear respectively and between primary speed-down big gear wheel, the main shaft of described primary speed-down big gear wheel coaxially connects with double reduction miniature gears, described double reduction miniature gears is meshed by gear respectively and between two double reduction big gear wheels, two described double reduction big gear wheels are separately fixed in master rotor I and master rotor II,
Described storage rope winch comprises storage rope roll, storage rope winch motor, coupling spindle and built-in reductor, described storage rope winch motor is connected with hydraulic power unit, the output shaft of described storage rope winch motor is connected with built-in deceleration switch, described built-in reductor is connected by flange with one end of storage rope roll, and the other end of described storage rope roll is connected with coupling spindle by flange;
Described rope winding jib comprises minor sprocket, hinge wheel, chain, manual clutch, conductor rope pulley, rope winding jib support, guide rod I, slide pawl, Bidirectional-screw and guide rod II, described Bidirectional-screw, guide rod I and guide rod II are fixed on rope winding jib support, described minor sprocket is arranged on the coupling spindle of storage rope winch, between described minor sprocket and hinge wheel, be linked by chain, between described hinge wheel and manual clutch, be connected by clutch claw, between hinge wheel and Bidirectional-screw, be connected by bearing shell, described manual clutch is connected by free-running fit between key and Bidirectional-screw axle, described conductor rope pulley is sleeved in guide rod II by antifriction-bearing box and plain bearing, described Bidirectional-screw two ends are provided with turning slot, the described pawl that slides is three-pawl type structure, a pawl that slides pawl is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed on Bidirectional-screw, Bidirectional-screw matches with the plug helix sliding in pawl, another pawl that slides pawl 29 is sleeved in guide rod I, the three-jaw that slides pawl is fixed on conductor rope pulley,
Described steel rope is wound around after leading sheave II, master rotor I, master rotor II and leading sheave I successively, around entering conductor rope pulley, is finally wrapped on storage rope roll.
Also include pulling force sensor, described steel rope level is through pulling force sensor, between described pulling force sensor and electrical control panel, be electrically connected, on two described friction winch motors, be respectively arranged with inverse proportion by pass valve, between described inverse proportion by pass valve and electrical control panel, be electrically connected.
In described friction winch frame, be provided with hydraulic sure brake I and sure brake II, described sure brake I is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively with sure brake II.
On described storage rope winch motor, be provided with proportional pressure control valve, between described proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel, be electrically connected.
Described storage rope roll is arranged on single-side stand.
Described storage rope winch also includes end support, in described end support, is provided with antifriction-bearing box, and end support is connected with coupling spindle by antifriction-bearing box.
Described leading sheave I and leading sheave II are separately positioned on leading sheave support.
Described master rotor I and master rotor II are arranged in friction winch frame by antifriction-bearing box respectively.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, volume is little, realizes the function of multilayer row rope, storage rope when realizing steel wire tensioning.The present invention includes friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel rope, hydraulic power unit, leading sheave and electrical control panel, friction winch is driven by two friction winch motors, storage rope winch drives by storing up rope winch motor, storage rope winch rope-discharging speed, permanent tension force, by storing up the control of rope winch motor, can directly be realized friction winch and the synchronized operation of storage rope winch; Volume is little, integrate the functions such as row's rope, Chu Sheng, permanent tension force, synchronized operation, the function of the row's of realization rope, storage rope when realizing the tensioning of steel rope, solve existing integrated form friction winch and cannot realize multiple wraps, and permanent tension force cannot be provided when multiple wraps and cannot realize synchronized operation, having solved conventional friction winch increases separately tightening device to cause taking up an area space large, the problem that cost is higher.
2, in the present invention, the pawl that slides in rope winding jib is three-pawl type structure, a pawl that slides pawl is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed on Bidirectional-screw, Bidirectional-screw matches with the plug helix sliding in pawl, and another pawl that slides pawl is sleeved in guide rod I, and the three-jaw that slides pawl is fixed on conductor rope pulley; Slide the three-claw interlocking of pawl, greatly strengthened intensity and the working stability of rope winding jib.
3, in the present invention, on two friction winch motors, be respectively arranged with inverse proportion by pass valve, by regulating the pressure of inverse proportion by pass valve and then regulating the size of two friction winch motor torsional moments, thereby realize the long-term constant speed work of electrodeless load working condition, having solved existing integrated form friction winch can not long-time running, can not meet the defect of electrodeless load working condition constant-speed operation.
4, in the present invention, in friction winch frame, be provided with hydraulic sure brake I and sure brake II, sure brake I is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively with sure brake II; By controlling the folding of sure brake I and sure brake II, can realize safety arrestment, and under damped condition, can realize friction winch traction function.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is birds-eye view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the right elevation of storage rope winch in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the block diagram of rope winding jib in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the right elevation of leading sheave in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is wirerope-winding schematic diagram in the present invention.
In figure, leading sheave I 1, leading sheave II 2, double reduction big gear wheel 3, master rotor I 4, primary speed-down big gear wheel 5, master rotor II 6, sure brake I 7, sure brake II 8, friction winch motor 9, primary speed-down miniature gears 10, inverse proportion by pass valve 11, pulling force sensor 12, double reduction miniature gears 13, friction winch frame 14, leading sheave support 15, friction winch base 16, storage rope roll 17, storage rope winch motor 18, single-side stand 19, end support 20, storage rope winch base 21, minor sprocket 22, hinge wheel 23, chain 24, manual clutch 25, conductor rope pulley 26, rope winding jib support 27, guide rod I 28, slide pawl 29, Bidirectional-screw 30, guide rod II 31, steel rope 32, built-in reductor 34, coupling spindle 35.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with brief description of the drawings and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, a kind of multifunction combined friction winch system, comprises electrical control panel, hydraulic power unit, friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel rope 32 and leading sheave; Between described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit, be electrically connected by cable, by the switch on electrical control panel and current control, realize the start and stop of hydraulic power unit.
Described electrical control panel is a service platform of an integrated PLC control module and relevant electric elements composition, its be used for realizing control friction winch, storage rope winch work, the action such as brake, stop.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, described friction winch comprises friction winch support 16, two friction winch motors 9, master rotor I 4, master rotor II 6, primary speed-down big gear wheel 5, two primary speed-down miniature gearss 10, two double reduction big gear wheels 3, double reduction miniature gears 13.Two described friction winch motors 9 are connected with hydraulic power unit respectively; In two described friction winch motors 9, be respectively arranged with electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve, between electrical control panel and electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve, be electrically connected by cable.Described master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 are arranged in friction winch frame 14 by antifriction-bearing box respectively, thereby realize the radial rotating of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6; Described friction winch frame 14 is arranged on friction winch base 16 by bolt.The output shaft of described two friction winch motors 9 is connected with two primary speed-down miniature gearss 10 respectively, and two friction winch motors 9 pass to moment of torsion respectively two primary speed-down miniature gearss 10; Two described primary speed-down miniature gearss 10 are meshed by gear respectively and between primary speed-down big gear wheel 5, and moment of torsion is passed to primary speed-down big gear wheel 5 by two primary speed-down miniature gearss 10; The main shaft of described primary speed-down big gear wheel 5 coaxially connects with double reduction miniature gears 13, and moment of torsion is passed to double reduction miniature gears 13 by primary speed-down big gear wheel 5; Described double reduction miniature gears 13 is meshed by gear respectively and between two double reduction big gear wheels 3, and moment of torsion is passed to respectively two double reduction big gear wheels 3 by double reduction miniature gears 13; Two described double reduction big gear wheels 3 are bolted on respectively on the side plate of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6, and the moment of torsion of two double reduction big gear wheels 3 drives respectively master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 rotating in same directions.When work, the startup of motor and stopping in electrical control panel control hydraulic power unit, the rotation of pump and stopping in motor-driven hydraulic pumps station, hydraulic oil through hydraulic tubing be delivered to respectively two friction winch motors 9 and on electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve, control respectively the commutation of two electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve oil inlet and outlets in friction winch motor 9 by change-over swith on electrical control panel, realize the forward and backward of two friction winch motors 9; Two friction winch motors 9 transmit by moment of torsion, and then drive master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 forward and backwards.Described steel rope 32 is wound around after leading sheave II 2, master rotor I 4, master rotor II 6 and leading sheave I 1 successively, around entering conductor rope pulley 26, is finally wrapped on storage rope roll 17; Steel rope 32 respectively with master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 on grooving be closely wound around, fit, the static friction force producing between the grooving by steel rope 32 and master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 is realized steel rope 32 and is involved in and rolls out, thus the rope closing that realizes friction winch steel rope 32 with put rope.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, Fig. 5, described leading sheave comprises leading sheave I 1 and leading sheave II 2; Described leading sheave I 1 and leading sheave II 2 are separately positioned on leading sheave support 15, and described leading sheave support 15 is arranged on friction winch base 16.
Referring to Fig. 1-3, described storage rope winch comprises storage rope winch base 21, storage rope roll 17, storage rope winch motor 18, coupling spindle 35 and built-in reductor 34.Described storage rope winch motor 18 is connected with hydraulic power unit, between storage rope winch motor 18 and electrical control panel, is electrically connected by cable.When work, the startup of motor and stopping in electrical control panel control hydraulic power unit, the rotation of pump and stopping in motor-driven hydraulic pumps station, hydraulic oil is delivered to storage rope winch motor 18 through hydraulic tubing, realizes the forward of storage rope winch motor 18.The output shaft of described storage rope winch motor 18 is connected with built-in reductor 34 keys, and moment of torsion is passed to built-in reductor 34; Described built-in reductor 34 is connected by flange with one end of storage rope roll 17, and moment of torsion is passed to storage rope roll 17 by built-in reductor 34; The other end of described storage rope roll 17 is connected with coupling spindle 35 by flange, and then has realized the radial rotating of coupling spindle 35; By the restrict forward of winch motor 18 of storage, thereby realize the rope closing of storage rope winch.Described storage rope winch also includes end support 20, in described end support 20, is provided with antifriction-bearing box, and end support 20 is connected with coupling spindle 35 by antifriction-bearing box.Described storage rope roll 17 is arranged on single-side stand 19, and described single-side stand 19 is arranged on storage rope winch base 21; Concrete, built-in reductor 34 outward flange dishes are connected with single-side stand 19 by bolt, and end support 20 is connected with single-side stand 19 by flange, thereby storage rope roll 17 is arranged on single-side stand 19, realizes the axial restraint of storage rope roll 17.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, Fig. 4, described rope winding jib comprises minor sprocket 22, hinge wheel 23, chain 24, manual clutch 25, conductor rope pulley 26, rope winding jib support 27, guide rod I 28, slides pawl 29, Bidirectional-screw 30 and guide rod II 31.Described Bidirectional-screw 30, guide rod I 28 and guide rod II 31 are fixed on rope winding jib support 27, and described conductor rope pulley 26 is sleeved in guide rod II 31 by antifriction-bearing box and plain bearing, have realized conductor rope pulley 26 moving back and forth at axial direction.Described Bidirectional-screw 30 two ends are provided with turning slot, described slides pawl 29 for three-pawl type structure, a pawl that slides pawl 29 is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed on Bidirectional-screw 30, and Bidirectional-screw 30 matches with the plug helix that slides pawl 29, can realize the crank motion that slides pawl 29; Another pawl that slides pawl 29 is sleeved in guide rod I 28; The three-jaw that slides pawl 29 is fixed on conductor rope pulley 26, drives conductor rope pulley 26 to realize crank motion.Described minor sprocket 22 is arranged on the coupling spindle 35 of storage rope winch, between described minor sprocket 22 and hinge wheel 23, is linked and is formed chain transmission by chain 24, makes the moment of torsion of storage rope winch pass to hinge wheel 23 by chain transmission; Between described hinge wheel 23 and manual clutch, be connected by clutch claw, between hinge wheel 23 and Bidirectional-screw 30, be connected by bearing shell, realized hinge wheel 23 and freely rotated on Bidirectional-screw 30; Described manual clutch 25 is connected by free-running fit between key and Bidirectional-screw axle 30, by manual shift power-transfer clutch, realize manual clutch 25 and separate and closure with hinge wheel 23, thereby the moment of torsion of hinge wheel 23 is passed to Bidirectional-screw 30 by reality, drive Bidirectional-screw 30 gyroscopic movements.When work, storage rope winch through chain transmission by transmission of power the hinge wheel 23 to rope winding jib, hinge wheel 23 drives Bidirectional-screw 30 gyroscopic movements through manual clutch 25, in the time sliding the turning slot of pawl 29 process Bidirectional-screws 30, sliding pawl 29 will inverted running, coordinate with the plug helix that slides pawl 29 by Bidirectional-screw 30, the gyroscopic movement of Bidirectional-screw 30 is converted into the axially reciprocating that slides pawl 29, conductor rope pulley 26 is realized crank motion under the drive of sliding pawl 29 in guide rod II 31, conductor rope pulley 26 is under steel rope 32 pulling force effects simultaneously, in guide rod II 31, carry out gyroscopic movement, thereby steel rope 32 row's ropes are realized.In actual use, the size of appropriate change guide rod I 28 and conductor rope pulley 26, can not only realize steel rope 32 and lead, and can adapt to the winch rope-discharging in differential tension and different ropes footpath.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, preferred, also include pulling force sensor 12, described pulling force sensor 12 is arranged on master rotor I 4 and leading sheave II 2 midway location places, and pulling force sensor 12 is bolted on friction winch support 16; Steel rope 32 levels, through pulling force sensor 12, are electrically connected by cable between described pulling force sensor 12 and electrical control panel.On two described friction winch motors 9, be respectively arranged with inverse proportion by pass valve 11, between described inverse proportion by pass valve 11 and electrical control panel, be electrically connected, electrical control panel is realized the adjusting of the spring pressure of inverse proportion by pass valve 11.When work, steel rope 32 level turnover pulling force sensors 12, pulling force sensor 12 by steel rope 32 vertical pressure signal feedback thereon of effect to electrical control panel, electrical control panel changes the vertical pressure signal of steel rope 32 into through internal conversion the pressure signal of inverse proportion by pass valve 11, electrical control panel is exported this pressure signal to inverse proportion by pass valve 11 simultaneously, realize control and adjusting to inverse proportion by pass valve 11 spring pressure sizes, and then the size of two friction winch motor 9 moments of torsion of control, thereby realize the long-term constant speed work of the electrodeless load working condition of friction winch (being the Arbitrary Loads within the scope of rated load), having solved existing integrated form friction winch can not long-time running, can not meet the defect of electrodeless load working condition constant-speed operation.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, preferred, in described friction winch frame 14, be provided with hydraulic sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8; Sure brake I 7 is connected with two electromagnetic switch valves in hydraulic power unit respectively with sure brake II 8, two electromagnetic switch valves in described hydraulic power unit are electrically connected with electrical control panel respectively by cable, these two electromagnetic switch valve break-makes of electrical control panel control, thus realize the folding of sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8.Concrete principle is: when friction winch is normally worked, electrical control panel is given this two magnet contactor valve energisings, pressure oil in hydraulic power unit enters spring hydraulic cylinder built-in in sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8 after two electromagnetic switch valves, oil pressure against the force of the spring, opens sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8; In the time that electrical control panel is given this two electromagnetic switch valve power-off, hydraulic oil cannot enter this two electromagnetic switch valves, closed under the spring pressure effect of spring hydraulic cylinder therein of sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8, side plate in brake disc and master rotor II 6 in sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8 produces friction force, friction winch is quit work, thereby realized the brake of friction winch.
Preferably, on described storage rope winch motor 18, be provided with proportional pressure control valve, between described proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel, be electrically connected by cable.When work, by the adjusting of electrical control panel comparative example by pass valve spring pressure, realize the control of the torque of storage rope winch motor 18.
Principle of work of the present invention and process are as follows:
Referring to Fig. 1-6, hydraulic power unit provides power to friction winch, storage rope winch, and friction winch rope stretching steel rope 32, through leading sheave guiding, through friction winch, storage rope winch bottom, then through rope winding jib row rope, is finally involved in storage rope winch.Detailed process is as follows: steel rope 32 in the grooving of leading sheave II 2 around entering, laying out, grooving in the master rotor I 4 and the master rotor II 6 that enter friction winch, on the grooving of master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 multi-turn be wound around after through by rope-out end on the grooving to leading sheave I 1, lay out from leading sheave I 1 below, through friction winch frame 14 belows, the storage rope winch below of friction winch, in entering the grooving of conductor rope pulley 26 of rope winding jib, finally be wrapped on the storage rope roll 17 of storage rope winch, fag end is fixed in the cord-pressing block on storage rope winch side plate.Hydraulic power unit drives storage rope winch motor 18 by hydraulic oil, storage rope winch drives by storing up rope winch motor 18, transmission of power is given built-in reductor 34 by storage rope winch motor 18, transmission of power is given storage rope roll 17 by built-in reductor 34, to store up the transmission of power of rope roll 17 to the Bidirectional-screw 30 of rope winding jib by chain transmission, Bidirectional-screw 30 is converted into radial rotating the axially reciprocating that slides pawl 29 and conductor rope pulley 26, the every wiring one of storage rope winch encloses, Bidirectional-screw 30 pitch of walking, thus realize row rope and the storage rope of steel rope 32 on storage rope winch.According to GB/T3811-1993, when steel rope 32 moves into or lay out conductor rope pulley 26 groove, the maximum angle of deflection is not more than 5 °, as long as 5 ° of angle institute respective distances of deflection when conductor rope pulley 26 reciprocating distance in guide rod I 28 is less than or equal to steel rope 32 and lays out conductor rope pulley 26 groove; The maximum angle of deflection when steel rope 32 herein moves into or lay out conductor rope pulley 26 groove, refers to the angle between the plane that steel rope 32 line of centerss and conductor rope pulley 26 axles are vertical.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, storage rope winch Main Function is to provide the steel rope on the required tension force in friction winch rope-out end and folding and unfolding friction winch, steel rope 32 is wound around on friction winch, according to after Euler's formula decay, the tensile force that its steel rope 32 rope-out ends only need be very little just can be eliminated the skidding of steel rope 32 in master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6; Steel rope 32 rope-out ends herein refer to that steel rope 32 is used for connecting the part between friction winch and storage rope winch.When the present invention designs, the reference design load using the tensile force required rope-out end of steel rope 32 as storage rope winch, then consider after frictional loss, steel rope 32 bending power etc., choose the design load of suitable load as storage rope winch, select suitable built-in reductor 34 and meet the storage rope winch motor 18 that pressure requires according to the design load of storage rope winch, regulate the proportional pressure control valve spring pressure on storage rope winch motor 18 to arrive applicable operation pressure by electrical control panel, make the torque of storage rope winch motor 18 meet the demand of respective load operating mode, storage rope roll 17 is permanent moment of torsion running in the operation pressure of setting, in the time that the proportional pressure control valve spring pressure on storage rope winch motor 18 exceedes setting operation pressure, proportional pressure control valve overflow on storage rope winch motor 18, make storage rope winch motor 18 maintain all the time permanent moment of torsion running.When rope closing, the rope closing linear velocity of design storage rope winch is greater than friction winch steel rope 32 linear velocities, take in to ensure the long rope winch that stored up in time of rope that friction winch rope-out end emits, thereby ensureing to store up rope winch synchronizes with friction winch rope closing speed, and then make friction winch rope-out end steel rope 32 remain enough tensile forces, synchronize rope closing with friction winch thereby complete storage rope winch.In the time of friction winch active release rope, still active rope closing of storage rope winch, friction winch is after Euler's formula decay, the pulling force of steel rope 32 rope-out ends decays to very little, therefore the design load of storage rope winch is much smaller than friction winch rated load, nominal load, the rated load, nominal load of friction winch enough overcomes the maximum load of storage rope winch, by the rope of putting of friction winch, force storage rope winch to be hauled reversion by friction winch, thereby realizing storage rope winch puts rope speed and puts rope speed with friction winch and synchronize, by the storage passive rope of putting of winch of restricting, realize the permanent tension force control in friction winch steel rope 32 rope-out ends.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 6, when rope closing, steel rope 32 leads by leading sheave II 2, through pulling force sensor 12, is involved in friction winch master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 from its below, thereby realizes steel rope 32 rope outlet direction guiding; Friction winch rope closing, steel rope 32 after multi-turn winding, lays out from master rotor I 4 tops in master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6, is involved in leading sheave I 1, after leading sheave I 1 guiding, pass through master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 belows and friction winch frame 14 neutral positions; Through the storage rope roll 17 and the neutral position of storing up rope winch base 21 of storage rope winch, around the conductor rope pulley 26 that enters rope winding jib; After conductor rope pulley 26 guiding, around entering to store up rope roll 17.Storage rope winch motor 18 through chain transmission by transmission of power to rope winding jib, thereby drive Bidirectional-screw 30 gyroscopic movements, Bidirectional-screw 30 with turning slot coordinates through the plug helix that slides pawl 29, the gyroscopic movement of Bidirectional-screw 30 is converted into the axially reciprocating that slides pawl 29, and and then the axially reciprocating that slides pawl 29 is converted into the crank motion of conductor rope pulley 26, thereby complete steel rope 32 row's ropes of storage rope winch.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 6, while putting rope, still active rope closing of storage rope winch, friction winch active release rope, the passive rope of putting of storage rope roll 17 of storage rope winch, steel rope 32 rolls out through storage rope roll 17, around entering conductor rope pulley 26; Storage rope winch through chain transmission by transmission of power to rope winding jib, realize storage rope device and back and forth put rope.Steel rope 32 is through the neutral position of storage rope winch base 21, the master rotor I 4 of friction winch and master rotor II 6 belows and friction winch frame 14 neutral positions, be involved in leading sheave I 1, be involved in master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 from leading sheave I 1 top, after multiple wraps, lay out from master rotor I 4 and master rotor II 6 bottoms, through pulling force sensor 12, lead through leading sheave II 2, realize the permanent tension force of friction winch, Synchronous Radio rope.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, in the time that multi-load operating mode is worked, according to the pulling force of pulling force sensor 12 measuring steel wire ropes 32, regulate the elastic force of the pressure spring of friction winch inverse proportion by pass valve 11, different driving switch are set, in the time that multi-state moves, can realize the electrodeless load working condition work of friction winch by changing corresponding load gear, compared with electronic friction winch in existing integrated form friction winch, field of application is greatly expanded.
Referring to Fig. 1-2, when friction winch is normally worked, the braking arm of force of sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8 opens; Under brake operating mode, the braking arm of force closure of sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8, relies on the friction force friction-tight winch master rotor II 6 of stopping.Under brake operating mode, also can rely on sure brake I 7 and sure brake II 8 friction force to realize ocean traction simultaneously.
Referring to Fig. 1-6, volume of the present invention is little, integrate the functions such as row rope, Chu Sheng, permanent tension force, synchronized operation and electrodeless load working condition, permanent tension force cannot be provided while having solved existing integrated form friction winch multiple wraps, cannot long-time running, can not meet electrodeless load working condition operation; Solved conventional friction winch increase separately tightening device take up an area space large, the problem that cost is higher.
Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deduction or replace, said structure all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a multifunction combined friction winch system, comprise friction winch, storage rope winch, rope winding jib, steel rope (32) and leading sheave, it is characterized in that: also include hydraulic power unit and electrical control panel, described leading sheave comprises leading sheave I (1) and leading sheave II (2), between described electrical control panel and hydraulic power unit, be electrically connected
Described friction winch comprises two friction winch motors (9), master rotor I (4), master rotor II (6), primary speed-down big gear wheel (5), two primary speed-down miniature gearss (10), two double reduction big gear wheels (3), double reduction miniature gears (13), described two friction winch motors (9) are connected with hydraulic power unit respectively, the output shaft of described two friction winch motors (9) is connected with two primary speed-down miniature gearss (10) respectively, described two primary speed-down miniature gearss (10) are meshed by gear respectively and between primary speed-down big gear wheel (5), the main shaft of described primary speed-down big gear wheel (5) coaxially connects with double reduction miniature gears (13), described double reduction miniature gears (13) is meshed by gear respectively and between two double reduction big gear wheels (3), described two double reduction big gear wheels (3) are separately fixed in master rotor I (4) and master rotor II (6),
Described storage rope winch comprises storage rope roll (17), storage rope winch motor (18), coupling spindle (35) and built-in reductor (34), described storage rope winch motor (18) is connected with hydraulic power unit, the output shaft of described storage rope winch motor (18) is connected with built-in reductor (34) key, described built-in reductor (34) is connected by flange with one end of storage rope roll (17), and the other end of described storage rope roll (17) is connected with coupling spindle (35) by flange;
Described rope winding jib comprises minor sprocket (22), hinge wheel (23), chain (24), manual clutch (25), conductor rope pulley (26), rope winding jib support (27), guide rod I (28), slide pawl (29), Bidirectional-screw (30) and guide rod II (31), described Bidirectional-screw (30), guide rod I (28) and guide rod II (31) are fixed on rope winding jib support (27), described minor sprocket (22) is arranged on the coupling spindle (35) of storage rope winch, between described minor sprocket (22) and hinge wheel (23), be linked by chain (24), between described hinge wheel (23) and manual clutch (25), be connected by clutch claw, between hinge wheel (23) and Bidirectional-screw (30), be connected by bearing shell, described manual clutch (25) is connected by free-running fit between key and Bidirectional-screw axle (30), described conductor rope pulley (26) is sleeved in guide rod II (31) by antifriction-bearing box and plain bearing, described Bidirectional-screw (30) two ends are provided with turning slot, described slides pawl (29) for three-pawl type structure, a pawl that slides pawl (29) is that inner spiral groove structure is socketed on Bidirectional-screw (30), Bidirectional-screw (30) matches with the plug helix sliding in pawl (29), another pawl that slides pawl (29) is sleeved in guide rod I (28), the three-jaw that slides pawl (29) is fixed on conductor rope pulley (26),
Described steel rope 32 is wound around after leading sheave II (2), master rotor I (4), master rotor II (6) and leading sheave I (1) successively, around entering conductor rope pulley (26), is finally wrapped on storage rope roll (17).
2. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also include pulling force sensor (12), described steel rope (32) level is through pulling force sensor (12), between described pulling force sensor (12) and electrical control panel, be electrically connected, on described two friction winch motors (9), be respectively arranged with inverse proportion by pass valve (11), between described inverse proportion by pass valve (11) and electrical control panel, be electrically connected.
3. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described friction winch frame (14), be provided with hydraulic sure brake I (7) and sure brake II (8), described sure brake I (7) is connected with hydraulic power unit respectively with sure brake II (8).
4. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described storage rope winch motor (18), be provided with proportional pressure control valve, between described proportional pressure control valve and electrical control panel, be electrically connected.
5. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described storage rope roll (17) is arranged on single-side stand (19).
6. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described storage rope winch also includes end support (20), in described end support (20), be provided with antifriction-bearing box, end support (20) is connected with coupling spindle (35) by antifriction-bearing box.
7. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described leading sheave I (1) and leading sheave II (2) are separately positioned on leading sheave support (15).
8. the multifunction combined friction winch system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described master rotor I (4) and master rotor II (6) are arranged in friction winch frame (14) by antifriction-bearing box respectively.
CN201410322443.2A 2014-07-08 2014-07-08 A kind of multifunction combined friction winch system CN104098039B (en)

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CN106006427A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 中国船舶重工集团公司第七〇五研究所 Novel slotting winding drum and cable arrangement system
CN108083150A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-05-29 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of cable reel system
CN108430825A (en) * 2015-10-30 2018-08-21 泰斯美克股份有限公司 Cable laying equipment with security system and the method for safely stopping the cable laying equipment
CN110745724A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-04 浙江润华机电有限公司 Electric capstan
CN111141510A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-05-12 吉林大学 Force reducing performance test bench for friction wheel type winch force reducing mechanism
CN111498719A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-08-07 合肥惠利普电机有限公司 Anti-reverse tool for lifting force station and anti-reverse method thereof

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CN108430825A (en) * 2015-10-30 2018-08-21 泰斯美克股份有限公司 Cable laying equipment with security system and the method for safely stopping the cable laying equipment
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CN110745724A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-04 浙江润华机电有限公司 Electric capstan
CN111141510A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-05-12 吉林大学 Force reducing performance test bench for friction wheel type winch force reducing mechanism
CN111498719A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-08-07 合肥惠利普电机有限公司 Anti-reverse tool for lifting force station and anti-reverse method thereof

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