CN104096923A - Automatic tangent line flat diehead threading machine of bars - Google Patents

Automatic tangent line flat diehead threading machine of bars Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104096923A
CN104096923A CN201310121379.7A CN201310121379A CN104096923A CN 104096923 A CN104096923 A CN 104096923A CN 201310121379 A CN201310121379 A CN 201310121379A CN 104096923 A CN104096923 A CN 104096923A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
cylinder
block
slide unit
rod
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CN201310121379.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王淑慧
赵显龙
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莱州市山普管件制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201310121379.7A priority Critical patent/CN104096923A/en
Publication of CN104096923A publication Critical patent/CN104096923A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic tangent line flat diehead threading machine of bars. The automatic tangent line flat diehead threading machine comprises a base, a power transmission device, a machine head device, a feeding device, a clamping device, a positioning device, a sliding table device and a discharging device; the machine head device comprises a shifting fork, a sliding sleeve, a disc body, a fixed ring, a rotary ring and a tool post, wherein the shifting fork is connected with the sliding sleeve. Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the excircle of a workpiece is simultaneously subjected to the thread machining of multiple tangent line flat dieheads, the multiple tangent line flat dieheads are closed radially, the workpiece gradually enters the flat dieheads, threads are obtained by cutting, and after machining is finished, the multiple tangent line flat dieheads are simultaneously and centrifugally separated from the workpiece. The automatic flat diehead threading machine has the advantages that feeding, positioning, clamping, sliding on a sliding table, closing of tangent line flat dieheads and discharging can be programmably controlled by a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller); the advantages of turning, diehead threading and roll finishing are integrated by adopting the circular operation mode, so that the automatic flat diehead threading machine is suitable for small batch production, is especially suitable for large batch production and machining and is wide in application range.

Description

The flat threading die mantle fiber machine of a kind of bar automatic tangent
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of bar processing machine tool, say exactly the external thread machining machine tool of bar.
Background technology
External thread cutting is a kind of common machining, and the mode that efficiency is high has turning processing, threading die mantle fiber, rolling and processing conventionally.
Turning processing requires highly to cutter, and it is large that workman grasps difficulty, even digital control processing, the screw thread on the workpiece processing has chatter mark, and roughness is bad, and will divide turning to be several times shaped, and the wearing and tearing of cutter are comparatively serious.
Threading die mantle fiber energy time processing is shaped, but maximum shortcoming is to want workpiece reversion withdrawing, affects efficiency, and after screw die wearing and tearing, cannot recycle.
Rolling and processing can once-forming, roughness might as well, but in the process of processing, be subject to the impact of workpiece self stress, be out of shape greatlyr, the shortcoming that also has is and to obtain the needed outside dimension of roll extrusion to the processing of workpiece external diameter, has in fact increased processing cost high.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that will solve of the present invention is to provide the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of a kind of automatic tangent that excellent class part is carried out to external screw thread processing, the bar of machining of the present invention is without chatter mark, roughness is good, without reversion withdrawing, tool wear after all right reconditioning, use again, can be effectively cost-saving, and this equipment can complete automatic feed, automatically locate, Automatic-clamping, automatic cutting screw thread, self-emptying, saves and manually goes to operate these heavy manual labors and also improved production efficiency because of the quality unstability that manual operation brings simultaneously.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of a kind of bar automatic tangent of the present invention, comprises support, actuating unit, frame head apparatus, pay-off, clamping device, positioner, slide rest device, drawing mechanism;
Support comprises motor fixed station, gearbox fixed station, slide unit fixed support, case platform connects material, motor fixed station is arranged on the inside of support one end, gearbox fixed station is positioned at the top of motor fixed station, slide unit fixed support is positioned at the other end of support, the case platform that connects material is arranged on tank wall outside, in support, be provided with gripper shoe and tank wall beam, the top of gripper shoe is provided with tie rod holes, and support is fixed on support platform;
Actuating unit comprises belt pulley, gearbox, shift handle, motor, in gearbox, be provided with the first power transmission shaft, second driving shaft and main shaft, shift handle comprises the first shift handle and the second shift handle, the first shift handle can select to connect change-speed gearing and the engagement of the change-speed gearing on second driving shaft on the first power transmission shaft; The change-speed gearing that the second shift handle can be selected to connect on main shaft is meshed with the change-speed gearing on second driving shaft;
Frame head apparatus comprises shift fork, sliding sleeve, disk body, retainer plate, turning circle, cutter platform; Shift fork is connected with sliding sleeve; Sliding sleeve is enclosed within on disk body, and the top close-fitting of hard is at the end face of sliding sleeve, and hardtop spivot stretches in hard lasso to seeing through retainer plate, and hard lasso close-fitting is on turning circle; Disk body is fixed on main shaft disk butt face, and one end of apotting spindle is connected in disk body, and the other end of apotting spindle is fixed on cutter platform one side, and cutter platform is provided with chute gap; In retainer plate, be fixed with spring pre-tightening and adjust screw, spring is placed in spring pre-tightening and adjusts in screw; Turning circle is provided with turning circle apotting spindle, sliding sleeve piece inner hole sleeve on turning circle apotting spindle, the chute matched in clearance of sliding sleeve piece foreign side and cutter platform; Cutter platform is provided with the dull and stereotyped tooth of tangent line;
Pay-off comprises hopper, lifting apparatus, pusher, hopper is connected on lifting apparatus, lifting apparatus comprises material lift cylinder, material lift slide block, slide block pressing plate, material lift slide block moves up and down in slide block pressing plate, pusher comprises feeding cylinder and charging ram, in charging ram, be provided with lock screw, lock screw is socketed with spring, and charging ram is connected on feeding cylinder by fixed bar;
Clamping device comprises fixture cover, Connection Block, oil cylinder, hollow piston rod, fixture cover, oil cylinder are separately fixed at Connection Block two ends, in fixture cover, be provided with chuck, chuck is fixed on one end of hollow piston rod, and fixture cover front end inside is provided with conical ring, and fixture cover inside, rear end is provided with compound sleeve, in compound sleeve, be provided with back brace top, back brace top is fixed on Connection Block;
Positioner comprises positioning cylinder, connecting rod, and connecting rod rack, location adjusting rod, block set, positioning cylinder is fixed on connecting rod rack, and the piston rod of positioning cylinder is connected with connecting rod by cylinder hinge; Connecting rod comprises connecting rod, lower link and transverse link, the top of upper connecting rod is flexibly connected with connecting rod rack, the lower end of upper connecting rod and the movable upper end of lower link are connected on cylinder hinge, one end of transverse link is fixedly connected on connecting rod rack, the other end of transverse link is fixedly connected with location adjusting rod, transverse link middle part be flexibly connected with the lower end of lower link; Connecting rod rack lower end is connected with block set; Connecting rod rack is provided with backstay adjusting rod stopping means;
Slide rest device comprises slide unit, slide unit fixture, slide unit pneumatic means, slide unit motion control device, slide unit is movably fixed on line slideway by linear bearing slide block, slide unit pneumatic means comprises slide unit cylinder, and the piston rod of slide unit cylinder is connected on slide unit, and slide unit motion control device comprises pull bar and slip stopping means;
Drawing mechanism comprises that discharging connects bucket, the case that connects material, and discharging cylinder, discharging connects bucket and is fixedly connected on turning cylinder, and turning cylinder is connected on upper hinge by fork, and upper hinge is connected on the piston rod of discharging cylinder, and the case that connects material is positioned at the side-lower that discharging connects bucket.
As the further improvement to the technical program, motor fixed station one end is movably connected on the tank wall of support by turning cylinder, the other end of motor fixed station is fixedly connected on by adjusting screw(rod) on the tank wall of support, is provided with motor connecting hole and motor adjustment hole on the tank wall of support; On the tank wall of support, be provided with the cylinder connecting hole that connects material; On the tank wall of support, be provided with shift fork clutch connecting hole.
As the further improvement to the technical program, belt pulley is connected on motor by belt, and motor is fixed on motor adjustable plate, and motor adjustable plate is provided with motor adjusting screw(rod).
As the further improvement to the technical program, shift fork is connected with sliding sleeve by shifting block fixed screw, shifting block; One end of shift fork is connected with shift fork fixed block by pin; Disk body is fixed on main shaft disk butt face by holding screw; The other end of apotting spindle is fixed on cutter platform one side by packing ring, lock screw; Spring is connected with depression bar by spring spindle; One end of depression bar is fastened in turning circle, and the depression bar other end puts in retainer plate; The dull and stereotyped tooth of tangent line is fixed on cutter platform by pressure knife block, lock screw.
As the further improvement to the technical program, material lift slide block comprises bar platform, connecting portion, and the angle of bar platform and connecting portion is acute angle; Feeding cylinder is fixed on feeding cylinder seat, and feeding cylinder seat is fixed on feeding base; Lifting apparatus is fixed on material lift seat, and material lift seat is fixed on material lift seat fixed block, and material lift seat fixed block is connected on feeding base; Feeding base is fixedly connected on base contiguous block, and base contiguous block is fixed on slide unit.
As the further improvement to the technical program, hollow piston rod one end in Connection Block is provided with piston rod and retreats adjustable ring, and piston rod retreats adjustable ring front end and is provided with lock nut; Connection Block is fixed on Connection Block base plate.
As the further improvement to the technical program, backstay adjusting rod stopping means comprises that backstay presses down limited screw, backstay rollback limited screw.
As the further improvement to the technical program, slip stopping means comprises and is fixed on the front limit regulating block at slide unit two ends, rear spacing regulating block, is fixed on the front limit baffle plate, the rear postive stop baffle that on pull bar, match with front limit regulating block, rear spacing regulating block; Pull bar one end is fixed by drag link sleeve; Slide unit cylinder is fixed on slide unit cylinder connecting plate, and the piston rod of slide unit cylinder connects hinge by slide unit cylinder and is connected on slide unit.
As the further improvement to the technical program, turning cylinder is movably connected on support by bearing fixed seat, is provided with bearing in bearing fixed seat; Discharging cylinder passes through lower chain connection on support.
Technical scheme of the present invention adopts the dull and stereotyped tooth of multi-disc tangent line excircle of workpiece to be carried out to screw thread processing simultaneously, adds man-hour, the centripetal closure of the dull and stereotyped tooth of multi-disc tangent line, workpiece is fade-in the dull and stereotyped tooth of tangent line, cuts screw thread, after completion of processing, the centrifugation simultaneously of the dull and stereotyped tooth of multi-disc tangent line, throws off workpiece.Its advantage is: charging, location, clamping, slide unit move, the dull and stereotyped tooth of closed tangent line, these actions of discharging adopt PLC control able to programme, and this processing mode set of cycle operation the advantage of turning, threading die mantle fiber and rolling and processing, both be applicable to small lot batch manufacture, be more suitable for producing in enormous quantities processing, applied range.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the support of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the actuating unit of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the frame head apparatus of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the part split schematic three dimensional views of the frame head apparatus of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the pay-off of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is that the charging ram of the pay-off of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention dissects schematic three dimensional views.
Fig. 9 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of material lift slide block of the pay-off of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the clamping device structural representation of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the cut-away illustration of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the positioner of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the slide rest device of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the drawing mechanism of the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of automatic tangent of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals
1-support, 2-actuating unit, 3-frame head apparatus, 4-pay-off, 5-clamping device, 6-positioner, 7-slide rest device, 8-drawing mechanism.
101-motor connecting hole; 102-motor fixed station; 103-turning cylinder; 104-gearbox fixed station; 105-tie rod holes; 106-gripper shoe; 107-tank wall beam; 108-slide unit fixed support; 109-support platform; The 110-case platform that connects material; The 111-cylinder connecting hole that connects material; 112-shift fork clutch connecting hole; 113-motor adjustment hole.
201-belt pulley; 202-gearbox; 203-the first shift handle, 204-the second shift handle; 205-the first power transmission shaft; 206-second driving shaft; 207-main shaft; 208-motor; 209-motor adjustable plate; 210-motor adjusting screw(rod); 211-change-speed gearing.
301-shift fork; The dull and stereotyped tooth of 302-tangent line; 303-shift fork fixed block; 304-pin; 305-main shaft packing; 306-disk body; 307-sliding sleeve; 308-hard is top; 309-hard lasso; 310-turning circle; 311-apotting spindle; 312-packing ring; 313-lock screw; 314-cutter platform; 315-pressure knife block; 316-holding screw; 317-shifting block; 318-spring pre-tightening is adjusted screw; 319-spring spindle; 320-spring; 321-depression bar; 322-turning circle apotting spindle; 323-sliding sleeve piece; 324-lock screw; 325-retainer plate; 326-shifting block fixed screw.
401-material lift cylinder; 402-material lift slide block; 403-material lift seat; 404-feeding cylinder; 405-feeding cylinder seat; 406-feeding base; 407-charging ram; 408-material lift seat fixed block; 412-base contiguous block; 409-hopper; 410-slide block pressing plate; 413-lock screw; 414-spring; 415-fixed bar; 416-bar platform; 417-connecting portion;
501-conical ring; 502-fixture cover; 503-chuck; 504-back brace top; 506-piston rod retreats adjustable ring; 507-Connection Block; 508-oil cylinder; 509-hollow piston rod; 510-Connection Block base plate; 511-compound sleeve.
601-backstay presses down limited screw; 602-backstay rollback limited screw; 88603-positioning cylinder; 604-is by cylinder hinge; The upper connecting rod of 605-; 606-lower link; 607-transverse link; 608-locates adjusting rod; 609-connecting rod rack; 610-block set.
701-pull bar; 702-drag link sleeve; 703-linear bearing slide block; 704-line slideway; 705-front limit regulating block; 706-front limit baffle plate; 707-slide unit; 708-slide unit cylinder connects hinge; Postive stop baffle after 709-; 710-slide unit cylinder connecting plate; Spacing regulating block after 711-; 712-slide unit cylinder.
Hinge under 801-; 802-discharging cylinder; 803-piston rod; 804-upper hinge; 805-fork; 806-bearing fixed seat; 807-discharging connects bucket; The 808-case that connects material; 809-turning cylinder.
The present invention is further detailed explanation to engage accompanying drawing below.
In conjunction with the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of the known bar automatic tangent of the present invention of Fig. 1, comprise: support 1, actuating unit 2, frame head apparatus 3, pay-off 4, clamping device 5, positioner 6, slide rest device 7, drawing mechanism 8.
In conjunction with Fig. 1,2 known, support 1 comprises motor fixed station 102, gearbox fixed station 104, slide unit fixed support-108, case platform 110 connects material, motor fixed station 102 is arranged on the inside of support 1 one end, gearbox fixed station 104 is positioned at the top of motor fixed station 102, slide unit fixed support-108 are positioned at the other end of support 1, the case platform 110 that connects material is arranged on tank wall outside, in support 1, be provided with gripper shoe 106 and tank wall beam 107, the top of gripper shoe 106 is provided with tie rod holes 105, and support 1 is fixed on support platform 109.
Motor fixed station 102 one end are movably connected on the tank wall of support 1 by turning cylinder 103, the other end of motor fixed station 102 is fixedly connected on by adjusting screw(rod) on the tank wall of support 1, is provided with motor connecting hole 101 and motor adjustment hole 113 on the tank wall of support 1.On the tank wall of support 1, be provided with the cylinder connecting hole 111 that connects material.On the tank wall of support 1, be provided with shift fork clutch connecting hole 112.
Index map 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 are known, actuating unit 2, comprise belt pulley 201, gearbox 202, the first shift handle 203 and the second shift handle 204, motor 208, is provided with the first power transmission shaft 205 in gearbox 202, the change-speed gearing 211 that second driving shaft 206 and main shaft 207, the first shift handles 203 can be selected to connect on the first power transmission shaft 205 meshes with the change-speed gearing 211 on second driving shaft 206; The change-speed gearing 211 that the second shift handle 204 can be selected to connect on main shaft 207 is meshed with the change-speed gearing 211 on second driving shaft 206.
Belt pulley 201 is connected on motor 208 by belt, and motor 208 is fixed on motor adjustable plate 209, and motor adjustable plate 209 is provided with motor adjusting screw(rod) 210.By motor adjusting screw(rod) 210 and motor adjustable plate 209, can adjust the spacing of motor 208 and belt pulley 201, handled easily.
The torsion of motor 208 passes to the first power transmission shaft 205 of gearbox 202 by belt pulley 201, by the change-speed gearing 211 on the first power transmission shaft 205, drive change-speed gearing and second driving shaft 206 on second driving shaft 206 to rotate, then drive change-speed gearing 211 and main shaft 207 on main shaft 207 to rotate by the change-speed gearing 211 on second driving shaft 206.The first shift handle 203 and the second shift handle 204 by conversion on gearbox 202, can effectively change the speed ratio of 211 of gearbox 202 internal speed-changing gears, last low speed torsion is passed to main shaft 207, by main shaft 207, drive frame head apparatus 3 to carry out work.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 is known, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line of frame head apparatus 3 is by pressure knife block 315, lock screw 324 is fixed on cutter platform 314, hard lasso 309, turning circle apotting spindle 322 close-fittings are at turning circle 310 dual-sides, sliding sleeve piece 323 inner hole sleeves are on turning circle apotting spindle 322, the chute matched in clearance of its foreign side and cutter platform 314, depression bar 321 screw sockets are fastened in turning circle 310, the other end puts in retainer plate 325, spring pre-tightening is adjusted screw 318 and is fixed in retainer plate 325, spring 320 is placed in spring pre-tightening and adjusts in screw 318, by spring spindle 319, be connected with depression bar 321, sliding sleeve 307 is enclosed within on disk body 306, top 308 close-fittings of hard are at sliding sleeve 307 end faces, hard top 308 axially sees through retainer plate 325 and stretches in hard lasso 309.One end work of apotting spindle 311 fits in disk body 306, and the other end is fixed on cutter platform 314 1 sides by packing ring 312, lock screw 313.Shift fork fixed block 303 end faces are used for fixing shift fork 301, and the other end is connected with shift fork 301 by pin 304, and shift fork 301 is connected with sliding sleeve 307 by shifting block fixed screw 123, shifting block 317, and shift fork 301 lower ends are connected with other devices by pin.Disk body 306 is fixed on main shaft packing 305 end faces by holding screw 316.
When shift fork 301 turns right around pin 304, shifting block 317 drives sliding sleeve 307 to move right, hard top 308 on sliding sleeve 307 end faces sees through retainer plate 325 and moves to the hard lasso 309 in turning circle 310, because turning circle 310 is under the elastic force effect of spring 320, hard lasso 309 and hard top 308 is out-of-alignments, so hard top 308 is in the process moving to right, the bevel friction of top 308 tips of hard and hard lasso 309, cause turning circle 310 to rotate counterclockwise, until hard top 308 and hard lasso 309 are coaxial, hard top 308 inserts in hard lasso 309 completely.In the process rotating counterclockwise at turning circle 310, be enclosed within sliding sleeve piece 323 on turning circle apotting spindle 322 chute in cutter platform 314 and move, cutter platform 314 is rotated counterclockwise around apotting spindle 311, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line being fixed on cutter platform 314 rotates counterclockwise thereupon, the simultaneously counterclockwise rotation of the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of multi-disc tangent line, the point of a knife that is actually the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line radially dwindles simultaneously, is now that the processing of bar workpiece external screw thread is ready.
When shift fork 301 turns left around pin 304, shifting block 317 drives sliding sleeve 307 to be moved to the left, hard top 308 on sliding sleeve 307 end faces sees through retainer plate 325 and gradually exits hard lasso 309, because turning circle 310 clockwise rotates under the elastic force effect of spring 320, be enclosed within sliding sleeve piece 323 on turning circle apotting spindle 322 chute in cutter platform 314 and move, cutter platform 314 is clockwise rotated around apotting spindle 311, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line being fixed on cutter platform 314 clockwise rotates thereupon, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 clockwise rotations simultaneously of multi-disc tangent line, be actually the point of a knife while radial dilatation of the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line, now depart from the interlock of bar workpiece, no longer bar workpiece is done to machining, completed the screw thread processing of bar workpiece end cylindrical.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 is known, pay-off 4 comprises hopper 409, lifting apparatus, pusher, hopper 409 tilts to be connected on lifting apparatus, lifting apparatus comprises material lift cylinder 401, material lift slide block 402, slide block pressing plate 410, material lift slide block 402 moves up and down in slide block pressing plate 410, pusher comprises feeding cylinder 404 and charging ram 407, in charging ram 407, be provided with lock screw 413, lock screw 413 is socketed with spring 414, charging ram 407 is connected on feeding cylinder 404 by fixed bar 415, material lift slide block 402 comprises bar platform 416, connecting portion 417, bar platform 416 is acute angle with the angle of connecting portion 417.Feeding cylinder 404 is fixed on feeding cylinder seat 405, and feeding cylinder seat 405 is fixed on feeding base 406.Lifting apparatus is fixed on material lift seat 403, and material lift seat 403 is fixed on material lift seat fixed block 408, and material lift seat fixed block 408 is connected on feeding base 406.Feeding base 406 is fixedly connected on base contiguous block 412, and base contiguous block 412 is fixed on slide rest device 7.
Bar in hopper 409 rolls downwards under Action of Gravity Field, until it tumbles on the bar platform 416 of material lift seat 403, bar platform 416 is acute angle with connecting portion, can stablize preferably bar.Material lift cylinder 401 action, raises bar, and bar on bar platform 416 and the bar in hopper 409 are raised in separation.Feeding cylinder 404 actions, release the fixed bar 415 that is connected to piston rod end, and charging ram 407 is released material lift slide block by spring 414 by bar, to next operation.Benefit is to release by charging ram 407 bar connecting material on platform like this, without manually carrying out feeding, has reduced labor strength, has improved operating efficiency, avoids staff contact bar, has guaranteed operator ' s health safety.Can also effectively avoid the factor because of bar profile in addition, such as having screw thread or step on bar, and cause the interlock of two bars, thereby cause, push away motionless bar.
Index map 1, Figure 10, Figure 11 are known, and the oil cylinder 508 of clamping device 5, fixture cover 502 are separately fixed at Connection Block 507 two ends, and chuck 503 is fixed on one end of the hollow piston rod 509 in oil cylinder 508, and hollow piston rod 509 is provided with piston rod and retreats adjustable ring 6; Conical ring 501, compound sleeve 511 close-fittings overlap 502 endoporus two ends at fixture, and the back brace top 504 in chuck 503 is fixed on Connection Block 507 one end, and Connection Block 507 is fixed on hollow piston rod 510.
The clamping of bar workpiece:
Bar workpiece is pushed in chuck 503, oil cylinder 508 actions, and hollow piston rod 509 moves to left, the chuck 503 that is fixed on hollow piston rod 509 one end puts in conical ring 501, under the effect on conical ring 501 inclined-planes, compression bar workpiece is divided in chuck 503 cone ends, thereby can realize the clamping to bar workpiece.
Unclamping of bar workpiece:
When hollow piston rod 509 moves to right, drive chuck 503 to move to right, when the interior skew wall of chuck 503 is encountered back brace and is come directly towards 504 beveled end, the bare terminal end expansion of chuck 503, bar workpiece is released, 504 effects that are placed in chuck 503 of back brace top are to avoid chuck 503 because elastic failure pine does not open bar workpiece, allow the larger of chuck 503 expansions, can hold slightly bigger caliber part and also can pass through smoothly chuck 503.
Index map 1, Figure 12 is known, the positioning cylinder 603 of positioner 6 is connected with connecting rod rack 609 by pin, the piston rod of positioning cylinder 603 is by cylinder hinge 604, pin is connected with the end of upper connecting rod 605 and lower 96 upper end, the upper end of upper connecting rod 605 is connected with connecting rod rack 609 by pin, lower 96 one end are connected with transverse link 607 by pin, transverse link 607 one end are connected with connecting rod rack 609 by pin, transverse link 607 other end stationary positioned adjusting rods 608, connecting rod rack 609 is fixed in block set 610, block set 610 is tightly placed in fixture and overlaps on 502 cylindricals.Backstay presses down limited screw 601, backstay rollback limited screw 602 is arranged on connecting rod rack 609.
The location of bar workpiece:
Positioning cylinder 603 actions, its piston rod is released upper connecting rod 605 and lower link 606 by cylinder hinge 604, pin, under the effect of supporting at pin, transverse link 607 is displaced downwardly to before fixture cover 502, regulate backstay to press down limited screw 601, force piston rod no longer to move forward, now connecting rod and connecting rod rack 609 form stable triangle, the mobile impact that can effectively contend with in bar workpiece process, realizes bar workpiece stable position.
Index map 1 is known with Figure 13, and the slide unit 707 of slide rest device 7 is fixed on line slideway 704 by linear bearing slide block 703, and line slideway 704 can be fixed on support 1 easily.Rear slide unit cylinder 712 is by being fixed on slide unit cylinder connecting plate 710, slide unit cylinder connecting plate 710 is fixed on support 1, the piston rod of slide unit cylinder 712 connects hinge 708 by slide unit cylinder and is connected with slide unit 707, pull bar 701 one end are connected with support 1 by drag link sleeve 702, and pull bar 701 other ends are connected on frame head apparatus 3.Slide unit 707 two ends be provided with front limit regulating block 705, rear spacing regulating block 711; The slip stopping means such as the front limit baffle plate 706 that pull bar 701 is provided with front limit regulating block 705, rear spacing regulating block 711 match respectively, rear postive stop baffle 709 limit the motion of slide unit 707.
Moving to right of slide unit:
Slide unit 707, under the effect of rear slide unit cylinder 712, moves right, and the rear postive stop baffle 709 being fixed on slide unit 707 hits the rear spacing regulating block 711 moving on pull bar 701, and pull bar 701 moves right, for bar is processed ready.
Moving to left of slide unit:
Rear slide unit cylinder 712 actions, traction slide unit 707 is to moving to left, and slide unit 707 and then moves to left, and the front limit baffle plate 706 on slide unit 707 drives the front limit regulating block 705 on pull bar 701 to move to left, and coordinates other devices to complete the processing of bar workpiece.Then, slide unit cylinder 712 action, moves to right slide unit 707, for the processing of bar workpiece next time ready.
Index map 1 is known with Figure 14, and drawing mechanism 8 dischargings connect bucket 807 and are fixed on turning cylinder 809, and turning cylinder 809 is fixed by bearing fixed seat 806.Discharging cylinder 802 is connected with lower hinge 801, and 801 pairs of discharging cylinders 802 of lower hinge are fixed.The piston rod 803 of discharging cylinder 802 is connected with one end of fork 805 by upper hinge 804, pin, and the other end of fork 805 is connected with turning cylinder 809.The case 808 that connects material connects the side-lower of bucket 807 in discharging.
By 802 piston rod 803 actions of discharging cylinder, by upper hinge 804 and fork 805, drive turning cylinder 809 to rotate, while connecting material, first clockwise rotate, make discharging connect the below of bucket 807 in processed bar, the bar workpiece processing falls in discharging to connect on bucket 807 with self gravitation, because Action of Gravity Field rolls into again, connects material in case 808.
Bar workpiece rolls into and connects material after case 808, and 802 actions of discharging cylinder rotate counterclockwise by upper hinge 804, fork 805, drive turning cylinder 809, make discharging connect the top of bucket 807 in processed bar, ready for connect material next time.
The course of work of machinery of the present invention is mainly:
Bar workpiece level before processing is placed in hopper 409, bar workpiece slides on material lift slide block 402 naturally, material lift cylinder 401 is raised material lift slide block 402, bar workpiece is raised immediately, feeding cylinder 404 promotes charging ram 407, charging ram 407 is sent into bar workpiece in the hollow piston rod 509 of oil cylinder 508, in advance at fixture cover 502 and the built-in full bar workpiece of hollow piston rod 509, the bar workpiece that is about to so push hollow piston rod 509 is by the bar workpiece release in fixture cover 502, positioning cylinder 603 actions, releasing location adjusting rod 608 presses down it, block bar workpiece and continue reach, charging ram 407 is positioned at fixture with location adjusting rod 608 by bar workpiece and overlaps 502 positions like this.
Oil cylinder 508 actions, advancing hollow piston rod 509 to overlap 502 directions to fixture moves, drive chuck 503 toward the interior movement of conical ring 501, with conical ring 501 actings in conjunction, fixture cover 502 is by bar Workpiece clamping, and now positioning cylinder 603 is return original position by location adjusting rod 608, and feeding cylinder 404 is return original position by charging ram 407 simultaneously, the cylinder of material lift simultaneously 401 is return original position by material lift slide block 402, and next bar workpiece falls into material lift slide block 402.
712 actions of slide unit cylinder, promoting slide unit 707 moves to frame head apparatus 3 directions along line slideway 704, the bar workpiece being clamped by fixture cover 502 moves thereupon, at bar workpiece processing end, be fade-in in the process of the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line, motor 208 starts, by change-speed gearing 211 transmissions of gearbox 202, drive the assembly rotation of the frame head apparatus 3 of main shaft 207 ends; Bar workpiece processing end is processed screw thread by the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line, slide unit 707 continues mobile, front limit baffle plate 706 under slide unit 707 hits the front limit regulating block 705 moving on pull bar 701, make pull bar 701 pull open shift fork 301, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line on frame head apparatus 3 is radial dilatation simultaneously, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line is separated from bar workpiece, completes the screw thread processing of bar workpiece.
712 actions of slide unit cylinder, slide unit 707 is return, the bar workpiece being clamped by fixture cover 502 is return thereupon, after slide unit 707, postive stop baffle 709 hits the rear spacing regulating block 711 that moves pull bar 701, pull bar 701 is pulled and closed shift fork 301, the dull and stereotyped tooth 302 of tangent line radially dwindles simultaneously, for the screw thread of next bar workpiece is processed ready.
Oil cylinder 508 actions, return chuck 503, naturally unclamp bar workpiece, now discharging cylinder 802 actions, drive turning cylinder 809 rotations, and discharging connects bucket 807 and turns to bar workpiece below thereupon, when being recycled to next bar workpiece processing, the bar workpiece that this processes is released fixture cover 502 by charging ram 407, falls into discharging and connects bucket 807, and discharging cylinder 802 moves again, upset discharging connects bucket 807, bar workpiece falls into along it case 808 that connects material, and next, steps into next circulation.

Claims (9)

1. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent, comprises support, actuating unit, and frame head apparatus, pay-off, clamping device, positioner, slide rest device, drawing mechanism, is characterized in that:
Described support comprises motor fixed station, gearbox fixed station, slide unit fixed support, case platform connects material, described motor fixed station is arranged on the inside of described support one end, described gearbox fixed station is positioned at the top of described motor fixed station, described slide unit fixed support is positioned at the other end of described support, the described case platform that connects material is arranged on tank wall outside, in described support, be provided with gripper shoe and tank wall beam, the top of described gripper shoe is provided with tie rod holes, and described support is fixed on support platform;
Described actuating unit comprises belt pulley, gearbox, shift handle, motor, in described gearbox, be provided with the first power transmission shaft, second driving shaft and main shaft, described shift handle comprises the first shift handle and the second shift handle, the first described shift handle can select to connect change-speed gearing and the engagement of the change-speed gearing on second driving shaft on the first power transmission shaft; The change-speed gearing that the second described shift handle can be selected to connect on main shaft is meshed with the change-speed gearing on second driving shaft;
Described frame head apparatus comprises shift fork, sliding sleeve, disk body, retainer plate, turning circle, cutter platform; Described shift fork is connected with described sliding sleeve; Described sliding sleeve is enclosed within on disk body, and the top close-fitting of hard is at the end face of described sliding sleeve, and described hardtop spivot stretches in hard lasso to seeing through described retainer plate, and described hard lasso close-fitting is on turning circle; Described disk body is fixed on main shaft disk butt face, and one end of apotting spindle is connected in described disk body, and the other end of described apotting spindle is fixed on cutter platform one side, and described cutter platform is provided with chute gap; In described retainer plate, be fixed with spring pre-tightening and adjust screw, spring is placed in described spring pre-tightening and adjusts in screw; Described turning circle is provided with turning circle apotting spindle, sliding sleeve piece inner hole sleeve on described turning circle apotting spindle, the chute matched in clearance of described sliding sleeve piece foreign side and described cutter platform; Described cutter platform is provided with the dull and stereotyped tooth of tangent line;
Described pay-off comprises hopper, lifting apparatus, pusher, described hopper is connected on described lifting apparatus, described lifting apparatus comprises material lift cylinder, material lift slide block, slide block pressing plate, described material lift slide block moves up and down in described slide block pressing plate, described pusher comprises feeding cylinder and charging ram, in described charging ram, be provided with lock screw, described lock screw is socketed with spring, and described charging ram is connected on described feeding cylinder by fixed bar;
Described clamping device comprises fixture cover, Connection Block, oil cylinder, hollow piston rod, described fixture cover, oil cylinder is separately fixed at described Connection Block two ends, in described fixture cover, be provided with chuck, described chuck is fixed on one end of described hollow piston rod, and described fixture cover front end inside is provided with conical ring, and described fixture cover inside, rear end is provided with compound sleeve, in described compound sleeve, be provided with back brace top, described back brace top is fixed on Connection Block;
Described positioner comprises positioning cylinder, connecting rod, and connecting rod rack, location adjusting rod, block set, described positioning cylinder is fixed on described connecting rod rack, and the piston rod of described positioning cylinder is connected with connecting rod by cylinder hinge; Described connecting rod comprises connecting rod, lower link and transverse link, the top of described upper connecting rod is flexibly connected with described connecting rod rack, the movable upper end of the lower end of described upper connecting rod and described lower link is connected on described cylinder hinge, one end of described transverse link is fixedly connected on described connecting rod rack, the other end of described transverse link is fixedly connected with described location adjusting rod, described transverse link middle part be flexibly connected with the lower end of described lower link; Described connecting rod rack lower end is connected with described block set; Described connecting rod rack is provided with backstay adjusting rod stopping means;
Described slide rest device comprises slide unit, slide unit fixture, slide unit pneumatic means, slide unit motion control device, described slide unit is movably fixed on line slideway by linear bearing slide block, described slide unit pneumatic means comprises slide unit cylinder, and the piston rod of described slide unit cylinder is connected on slide unit, and described slide unit motion control device comprises pull bar and slip stopping means;
Described drawing mechanism comprises that discharging connects bucket, case connects material, discharging cylinder, described discharging connects bucket and is fixedly connected on turning cylinder, described turning cylinder is connected on upper hinge by fork, described upper hinge is connected on the piston rod of described discharging cylinder, and the described case that connects material is positioned at the side-lower that discharging connects bucket.
2. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor fixed station one end is movably connected on the tank wall of support by turning cylinder, the other end of motor fixed station is fixedly connected on by adjusting screw(rod) on the tank wall of support, is provided with motor connecting hole and motor adjustment hole on the tank wall of support; On the tank wall of described support, be provided with the cylinder connecting hole that connects material; On the tank wall of described support, be provided with shift fork clutch connecting hole.
3. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described belt pulley is connected on described motor by belt, described motor is fixed on motor adjustable plate, and described motor adjustable plate is provided with motor adjusting screw(rod).
4. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described shift fork is connected with sliding sleeve by shifting block fixed screw, shifting block; One end of described shift fork is connected with shift fork fixed block by pin; Described disk body is fixed on described main shaft disk butt face by holding screw; The other end of described apotting spindle is fixed on cutter platform one side by packing ring, lock screw; Described spring is connected with depression bar by spring spindle; One end of described depression bar is fastened in described turning circle, and the described depression bar other end puts in described retainer plate; The dull and stereotyped tooth of described tangent line is fixed on cutter platform by pressure knife block, lock screw.
5. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described material lift slide block comprises bar platform, connecting portion, and the angle of described bar platform and described connecting portion is acute angle; Described feeding cylinder is fixed on feeding cylinder seat, and described feeding cylinder seat is fixed on feeding base; Described lifting apparatus is fixed on material lift seat, and described material lift seat is fixed on material lift seat fixed block, and described material lift seat fixed block is connected on described feeding base; Described feeding base is fixedly connected on described base contiguous block, and described base contiguous block is fixed on slide unit.
6. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described hollow piston rod one end in described Connection Block is provided with piston rod and retreats adjustable ring, and described piston rod retreats adjustable ring front end and is provided with lock nut; Described Connection Block is fixed on Connection Block base plate.
7. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described backstay adjusting rod stopping means comprises that backstay presses down limited screw, backstay rollback limited screw.
8. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described slip stopping means comprises front limit regulating block, the rear spacing regulating block that is fixed on described slide unit two ends, be fixed on the front limit baffle plate, the rear postive stop baffle that on described pull bar, match with described front limit regulating block, rear spacing regulating block; Described pull bar one end is fixed by drag link sleeve; Described slide unit cylinder is fixed on slide unit cylinder connecting plate, and the piston rod of described slide unit cylinder connects hinge by slide unit cylinder and is connected on described slide unit.
9. the flat threading die mantle fiber machine of bar automatic tangent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described turning cylinder is movably connected on lathe by bearing fixed seat, in described bearing fixed seat, is provided with bearing; Described discharging cylinder passes through lower chain connection on lathe.
CN201310121379.7A 2013-04-10 2013-04-10 Automatic tangent line flat diehead threading machine of bars CN104096923A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105618810A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-06-01 宁波韵升股份有限公司 Automatic punching machine for bar products
CN106238750A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 佛山市顺德区然华精密金属制品有限公司 Automatic material arranging axle sleeve chamfering turning machine
CN106363256A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-01 巢湖市金业电工机械有限公司 Continuous and efficient threading machine
CN106493571A (en) * 2015-09-08 2017-03-15 昆山义成工具有限公司 Turnning and milling all-in-one
CN106903512A (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-06-30 上海航天设备制造总厂 The deep chamber curved surface member roller press of one kind revolution adds complex machining device and method
CN106903511A (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-06-30 上海航天设备制造总厂 A kind of bottom rolls turning complex machining device and method
CN108214046A (en) * 2016-12-09 2018-06-29 北京中科三环高技术股份有限公司 A kind of pipe rotation clamp system and pipe inner circle process equipment and method
CN108436201A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-08-24 珠海格力智能装备有限公司 The backing method of rigid tapping
CN106624215B (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-08-24 东莞市方荣精机工业有限公司 Full automatic vehicle tooth machine

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CN102357865A (en) * 2011-09-08 2012-02-22 莱州市山普管件制造有限公司 Pipe-twisting machine
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106493571A (en) * 2015-09-08 2017-03-15 昆山义成工具有限公司 Turnning and milling all-in-one
CN106903512A (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-06-30 上海航天设备制造总厂 The deep chamber curved surface member roller press of one kind revolution adds complex machining device and method
CN106903511A (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-06-30 上海航天设备制造总厂 A kind of bottom rolls turning complex machining device and method
CN105618810A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-06-01 宁波韵升股份有限公司 Automatic punching machine for bar products
CN105618810B (en) * 2016-03-29 2017-07-25 宁波韵升股份有限公司 A kind of automatic punch for bar product
CN106238750A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 佛山市顺德区然华精密金属制品有限公司 Automatic material arranging axle sleeve chamfering turning machine
CN106238750B (en) * 2016-08-30 2019-02-26 佛山市顺德区然华精密金属制品有限公司 Automatic material arranging axle sleeve chamfering turning machine
CN106363256A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-01 巢湖市金业电工机械有限公司 Continuous and efficient threading machine
CN108214046A (en) * 2016-12-09 2018-06-29 北京中科三环高技术股份有限公司 A kind of pipe rotation clamp system and pipe inner circle process equipment and method
CN108214046B (en) * 2016-12-09 2021-03-23 北京中科三环高技术股份有限公司 Circular tube rotating and clamping mechanism and circular tube inner circle machining equipment and method
CN106624215B (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-08-24 东莞市方荣精机工业有限公司 Full automatic vehicle tooth machine
CN108436201A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-08-24 珠海格力智能装备有限公司 The backing method of rigid tapping

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