CN104090641A - Novel CPU heat pipe radiator - Google Patents

Novel CPU heat pipe radiator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104090641A
CN104090641A CN 201410303937 CN201410303937A CN104090641A CN 104090641 A CN104090641 A CN 104090641A CN 201410303937 CN201410303937 CN 201410303937 CN 201410303937 A CN201410303937 A CN 201410303937A CN 104090641 A CN104090641 A CN 104090641A
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Prior art keywords
heat pipe
sealing plug
fins
heat
cpu
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CN 201410303937
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧泽鑫
张东
陈继杨
何其佳
邱炎峰
黄锦洲
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华南理工大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel CPU heat pipe radiator which comprises a heat pipe, an upper sealing plug, a lower sealing plug, heat dissipation fins and inner fins. The heat pipe comprises a pipe shell and a liquid absorbing core. The liquid absorbing core is cylindrical and is tightly attached to the inner wall of the pipe shell. The upper sealing plug and the lower sealing plug are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the heat pipe respectively in a sealed mode to form a closed cavity which comprises an evaporating section, a transporting section and a condensing section from bottom to top. The whole heat dissipation fins is hollow cylindrical and the fins are fixed to the circumferential outer wall, located on the condensing section, of the pipe shell in a sleeved mode. The inner fins are of a semi-cone-shaped structure and are evenly arranged on the inner wall, located on the condensing section, of the liquid absorbing core. The closed cavity is filled with liquid working media. The novel CPU heat pipe radiator can be used for desktop computer CPU radiators; compared with an ordinary radiator, heat dissipation performance of the novel CPU heat pipe radiator is greatly improved, the heat dissipation effect can be effectively enhanced, CPU overheating is avoided, and the functions of protecting the CPU and rapidly reducing the temperature are achieved.

Description

一种新型CPU热管散热器 A novel heat pipe radiator CPU

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种CPU散热器,尤其涉及一种用于台式电脑的新型CPU热管散热器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a CPU heat sink, in particular, it relates to a new CPU heat pipe radiator for desktop computers.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 由于计算机效能不断的增加,更高速的CPU已成为追求效能的重要指标。 [0002] Due to the constant increase in computer performance, higher speed CPU has become an important indicator of the pursuit of efficiency. CPU微小的尺寸一方面造成热源被集中,另一方面内部空间减少造成散热更加困难。 Small size CPU caused by heat is concentrated on the one hand, on the other hand the interior space more difficult to reduce the heat caused. 过去解决之道是CPU上加装风扇,配合设计的管道让热源散到外部。 The last solution is to install the fan on the CPU, with the design of the pipeline allows the heat dissipated to the outside. 然而随着CPU处理速度越来越快,发热量也越大过去使用风扇散热的方式受到极大的考验。 However, with the CPU processing speed faster and faster, the greater the heat dissipation fan used in the past by way of a great test. 在此之后国内外开始陆续有计算机使用的微热管进行研究,而国外也开始有量产商品出现。 After that start at home and abroad after another computer using the micro heat pipe to study abroad and began mass production of goods appears. 热管系利用工作流体在相变化时所具有的潜热来传送热量。 Heating System utilizing the working fluid having a phase change heat transfer by latent heat. 在操作温度范围内,其传热能力约为铜等高热传导性材料的数十甚至数百倍之多,因而有热的超导体之称。 In the operating temperature range, the heat transfer capacity of about several tens or even hundreds of times a high thermal conductive material such as copper insomuch as it has said superconductor of heat. 利用热管配合设计的模块将主要发热源产生的热量传到外部,除了有效解决小空间散热的问题,同时兼顾到无噪音、不须提供额外能量的优点。 With a module designed to heat the tube main heat source of the heat generated pass to the outside, in addition to effectively solve the problem of cooling a small space, taking into account the noise, do not have the advantage of providing additional energy.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种散热效果更佳,更符合实际生产需要的新型CPU热管散热器。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a better heat dissipation effect, more consistent with the new CPU heat pipe radiator actual production needs.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用了以下技术方案: 一种新型CPU热管散热器,其特征在于:包括热管、上密封塞、下密封塞、散热翅片、内翅片,所示热管包括管壳、吸液芯,所述吸液芯呈筒状,紧贴设置于管壳内壁,所述上密封塞、下密封塞分别密封设置于热管上端和下端形成密闭空腔,所述密闭空腔由下而上包括蒸发段、运输段和冷凝段,所述散热翅片整体呈空心圆柱形,相套地固定在位于冷凝段的管壳的圆周外壁上,所述内翅片呈半锥形结构,均匀设置于位于冷凝段的吸液芯的内壁上,所述密闭空腔内充有液体工质。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solution: A new CPU heat pipe heat sink comprising: a heat pipe, the sealing plug, the sealing plug, the heat dissipating fins, the fins, the heat pipe shown in FIG. comprising a shell, wick, said wick is cylindrical, disposed in close contact with the inner wall of the envelope, the sealing plug, the sealing plug sealingly disposed in the upper and lower ends of the heat pipe form a sealed cavity, the sealed cavity bottom includes an evaporator section, the transport section and the condensing section of the heat radiating fins integrally form of a hollow cylindrical sleeve relative to the outer circumference of the fixed wall of the bulb condenser section, said inner fins in a semi- tapered structure, uniformly disposed on the inner wall of the wick condenser section of the closed cavity filled with liquid working medium.

[0005] 进一步地,所述液体工质为水、乙醇。 [0005] Further, the liquid working medium is water, ethanol.

[0006] 进一步地,所述上密封塞、下密封塞、散热翅片、内翅片的材料为铝合金或铜。 [0006] Furthermore, the sealing plug, the sealing plug, the heat dissipating fins, the fin material is aluminum or copper.

[0007] 相比现有技术,本发明具有以下有益效果: (1)市场范围广,可以用于各种台式电脑,增强散热效果。 [0007] The present invention has the following advantages over the prior art: (1) a wide range of markets can be used for a variety of desktop computers, enhanced cooling effect.

[0008] (2)降低能耗,提高能源利用率,减少设备的散热费用,同时兼顾到无噪音、不须提供额外能量的优点。 [0008] (2) reduce energy consumption and improve energy efficiency and reduce the cost of cooling equipment, taking into account the noise, do not have the advantage of providing additional energy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 图1是本发明实施例的新型CPU热管散热器的立体机构图。 [0009] FIG. 1 is a perspective new CPU mechanism of the present invention, embodiments of the heat pipe radiator.

[0010] 图2是本新型CPU热管散热器的全剖结构示意图。 [0010] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present novel full CPU heat pipe radiator.

[0011] 图3是本新型CPU热管散热器的管壳和吸液芯组装示意图。 [0011] FIG. 3 is a novel heat pipe radiator CPU bulb wick assembly and FIG.

[0012] 图4是图3中CC向剖视示意图。 [0012] FIG. 3 FIG. 4 is a schematic sectional view of the CC.

[0013] 图5是图3中AA向剖视示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 FIG. 5 is a sectional view along line AA.

[0014] 图6是图4中V处放大示意图。 [0014] FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of portion V of FIG. 4.

[0015] 图中:1_下密封塞;2-管壳;3-吸液芯;4-散热翅片;5-上密封塞;6-冷凝段; 7-内翅片;8-运输段。 [0015] FIG: 1_ the sealing plug; 2- envelope; 3- wick; 4- radiating fins; 5- sealing plug; 6- condensation section; 7- inner fin; 8- transport section .

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0016] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明的发明目的作进一步详细地描述,实施例不能在此一一赘述,但本发明的实施方式并不因此限定于以下实施例。 [0016] conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the object of the present invention will be further described, the embodiment is not attempting to repeat in detail, but the embodiment of the present invention therefore is not limited to the following Examples.

[0017] 如图1至6所示,一种新型CPU热管散热器,包括热管、上密封塞5、下密封塞1、散热翅片4、内翅片7,所述热管包括管壳2、吸液芯3,所述吸液芯3呈筒状,紧贴设置于管壳2内壁,所述上密封塞5、下密封塞1分别密封设置于热管上端和下端形成密闭空腔,所述密闭空腔由下而上包括蒸发段9、运输段8和冷凝段6,所述散热翅片4整体呈空心圆柱形,相套地固定在位于冷凝段6的管壳2的圆周外壁上,所述内翅片7呈半锥形结构,均匀设置于位于冷凝段6的吸液芯3的内壁上,所述密闭空腔内充有液体工质,所述液体工质为水、乙醇,或者其他沸点低,容易挥发的液体工质,本实施例采用乙醇为液体工质,在向密闭空腔充入一定量的液体工质前将密闭空腔抽成〇. 9个标准大气压。 [0017] As shown in FIG 1-6, a new CPU heat pipe heat sink includes a heat pipe, the sealing plug 5, the sealing plug 1, heat radiating fins 4, the fins 7, the heat pipe comprises a shell 2, 3 wick, the wick 3 has a cylindrical shape, is provided in close contact with the inner wall of the envelope 2, the sealing plug 5, a lower seal plug sealingly disposed in the upper and lower ends of the heat pipe form a sealed cavity, the a closed bottom cavity 9 includes an evaporator section, the transport section 8 and the condensing section 6, the heat radiating fins 4 are hollow cylindrical overall shape, with an outer sleeve fixed to the circumferential wall of the condensing section 6 of the envelope 2, the inner fins 7 in a semi-conical configuration, uniformly disposed on the inner wall of the wick 6 in the condensing section 3, the closed cavity filled with liquid refrigerant, the liquid refrigerant is water, ethanol, or other low boiling point, highly volatile liquid refrigerant, the present embodiment uses ethanol as a liquid working fluid, before charging a quantity of the liquid refrigerant into the sealed cavity to the sealed chamber is evacuated to square. 9 atm. 上述液体工质的充入量是由液相部分的容积、气相部分的容积,工作温度下液体工质的密度和饱和蒸汽的密度等因素决定的。 The liquid working fluid charged amount is determined by the volume, the volume, the liquid refrigerant density at the operating temperature and the density of the liquid phase portion of the gas phase portion of the saturated steam factor.

[0018] 所述上密封塞5、下密封塞1、散热翅片4、内翅片7的材料为铝合金或铜,本实施例均采用铝合金材料,质地轻,加工方便、散热性好成本低。 [0018] The upper sealing plug 5, the sealing plug 1, heat radiating fins 4, the fin material of aluminum alloy or a copper 7, the present embodiment are made of aluminum alloy material, light texture, easy processing, good heat dissipation low cost.

[0019] 本新型CPU热管散热器的作用过程是: 当CPU热管散热器受热时,热量传递到CPU热管散热器内,位于蒸发段9的液体工质受热后汽化为气体并由运输段8流向冷凝段6,汽化的液体工质将热量传导给散热翅片4并被CPU热管散热器外置风扇的冷风冷凝成液体,冷凝段6内壁的内翅片7增大了冷凝的面积,提高了冷凝效率,其半锥形结构的设计起到了导流的作用,使得冷凝液能充分被吸液芯3吸收,并能提高回流速率,管壳2外置的散热翅片4使单位面积内的散热量大大增加,同时也提高了冷凝效果。 [0019] The effect of the present novel process is that heat pipe radiator CPU: CPU when the heat pipe radiator heat, heat is transferred to the heat pipe radiator CPU, the liquid refrigerant of the evaporator section 9 heated by vaporized gas flows after the transport section 8 condensing section 6, the liquid will be vaporized working fluid heat to the heat radiating fins 4 and the heat pipe cold CPU external radiator fan is condensed to a liquid, the inner wall 6 of the inner fin condensing section 7 increases the area of ​​condensation, increased condensing efficiency, the design configuration of a semi-conical deflector played a role, such condensate can be fully absorbed by the absorbent core 3, and the reflux rate can be improved, the heat radiating fins 4 of the envelope 2 so that the external unit area cooling the large increase, but also improve the condensation effect. 冷凝液体的回流主要借助于冷凝液的重力,推动冷凝段工质沿热管内壁面回流到吸热段,形成将热量不断排出的循环过程。 Reflux condensed liquid by gravity condensate mainly promote the condensation section of the heat pipe working fluid along the inner wall surface back to the evaporating section, forming cycle will continue discharging heat.

[0020] 本实施例提供的CPU热管散热器可用于台式电脑CUP散热,与普通CPU热管散热器相比散热性能有较大的提升,可进一步减少能耗,符合绿色环保要求。 [0020] The present embodiment CPU heat pipe heat sink may be provided for desktop CUP heat, a common CPU with heat pipe radiator cooling performance compared to have greater lift, power consumption can be further reduced, with environmental protection requirements.

[0021] 本发明的上述实施例仅仅是为清楚地说明本发明所作的举例,而并非是对本发明的实施方式的限定。 [0021] The embodiments of the present invention is merely to clearly illustrate the present invention made by way of example, and not limiting embodiment of the present invention. 对于所属领域的普通技术人员来说,在上述说明的基础上还可以做出其它不同形式的变化或变动。 Those of ordinary skill in the art, on the basis of the above described variations or changes may be made in various other forms. 这里无需也无法对所有的实施方式予以穷举。 It is unnecessary and can not be exhaustive of all embodiments. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明权利要求的保护范围之内。 Any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (3)

  1. 1. 一种新型CPU热管散热器,其特征在于:包括热管、上密封塞(5)、下密封塞(1)、散热翅片(4)、内翅片(7),所示热管包括管壳(2)、吸液芯(3),所述吸液芯(3)呈筒状,紧贴设置于管壳(2)内壁,所述上密封塞(5)、下密封塞(1)分别密封设置于热管上端和下端形成密闭空腔,所述密闭空腔由下而上包括蒸发段(9)、运输段(8)和冷凝段(6),所述散热翅片(4)整体呈空心圆柱形,相套地固定在位于冷凝段(6)的管壳(2)的圆周外壁上,所述内翅片(7)呈半锥形结构,均匀设置于位于冷凝段(6)的吸液芯(3)的内壁上,所述密闭空腔内充有液体工质。 A new CPU heat pipe heat sink comprising: a heat pipe, the sealing plug (5), the sealing plug (1), radiating fins (4), the fins (7), the heat pipe comprising a tube as shown in shell (2), the wick (3), the wick (3) is cylindrical, disposed in close contact with the envelope (2) an inner wall, said upper sealing plug (5), the sealing plug (1) sealingly disposed in the upper end and the lower end of the heat pipe form a sealed cavity, the sealed cavity bottom includes an evaporator section (9), the transport section (8) and a condensation section (6), said heat radiating fins (4) integrally a hollow cylindrical sleeve secured relative to the circumferential outer wall of the condensing section (6) of the envelope (2), said inner fins (7) as a semi-conical configuration, arranged uniformly located in the condensing section (6) the inner wall of the wick (3), said sealed cavity is filled with liquid refrigerant.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的新型CPU热管散热器,其特征在于:所述液体工质为水或乙醇。 The new CPU heat pipe heat sink according to claim 1, wherein: said liquid working medium is water or ethanol.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的新型CPU热管散热器,其特征在于:所述上密封塞(5)、下密封塞(1)、散热翅片(4)、内翅片(7)的材料为铝合金或铜。 3. The new CPU heat pipe heat sink according to claim 1, wherein: said sealing plug (5), the sealing plug (1), radiating fins (4), the fins (7) material aluminum alloy or copper.
CN 201410303937 2014-06-30 2014-06-30 Novel CPU heat pipe radiator CN104090641A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6626233B1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2003-09-30 Thermal Corp. Bi-level heat sink
CN1811324A (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-08-02 上海科宏变电设备有限公司 Internally heating heat pipe
CN1967820A (en) * 2005-11-18 2007-05-23 富准精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Fin heat abstractor
CN201156537Y (en) * 2008-01-11 2008-11-26 东莞市天安集团有限公司 CPU heat radiator
CN202836292U (en) * 2012-02-27 2013-03-27 于志安 Highly-efficient aluminum alloy heat pipe radiator
CN204065987U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-31 华南理工大学 Novel CPU heat pipe radiator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6626233B1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2003-09-30 Thermal Corp. Bi-level heat sink
CN1967820A (en) * 2005-11-18 2007-05-23 富准精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Fin heat abstractor
CN1811324A (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-08-02 上海科宏变电设备有限公司 Internally heating heat pipe
CN201156537Y (en) * 2008-01-11 2008-11-26 东莞市天安集团有限公司 CPU heat radiator
CN202836292U (en) * 2012-02-27 2013-03-27 于志安 Highly-efficient aluminum alloy heat pipe radiator
CN204065987U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-31 华南理工大学 Novel CPU heat pipe radiator

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