CN104089593A - Device capable of measuring polar coordinates - Google Patents

Device capable of measuring polar coordinates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104089593A
CN104089593A CN201410349264.8A CN201410349264A CN104089593A CN 104089593 A CN104089593 A CN 104089593A CN 201410349264 A CN201410349264 A CN 201410349264A CN 104089593 A CN104089593 A CN 104089593A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
gauge head
arm
cylinder
transverse arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410349264.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
API ZC Chengdu Precision Instrument Co Ltd
Original Assignee
API ZC Chengdu Precision Instrument Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by API ZC Chengdu Precision Instrument Co Ltd filed Critical API ZC Chengdu Precision Instrument Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410349264.8A priority Critical patent/CN104089593A/en
Publication of CN104089593A publication Critical patent/CN104089593A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a device capable of measuring polar coordinates. The device capable of measuring polar coordinates comprises a base, a cylinder and a middle column installed on the base, wherein the cylinder is of a cavity structure, the upper end and the lower end of the cylinder are open, and the middle column is sleeved with the cylinder. The device further comprises a cross arm B installed on one side of the cylinder. The top end of the cross arm B is provided with a sliding rail, and the upper end and the lower end of the sliding rail are open. A supporting column penetrates through the cross arm B and is installed in the sliding rail of the cross arm B. The device further comprises a measurement device installed at the bottom of the stand column. According to the device capable of measuring polar coordinates, the cross arm B can drive the measurement device to rotate around the middle column, the stand column is installed in the sliding rail of the cross arm B, and the measurement device can be driven to horizontally move in the sliding rail of the cross arm B; when a screw is unscrewed or screwed, a head measuring arm can vertically move in the axis direction of the stand column. Thus, the X axis, the Y axis and the angle of a measuring head can be adjusted, and the polar coordinate of any point on the device can be measured conveniently.

Description

One can be measured polar device
Technical field
The present invention relates to one and can measure polar device, relate in particular to a kind of polar device that can automatically show institute's measuring point.
Background technology
In actual life, polar coordinates are widely used at mechanical field, staff usually by measure the polar coordinates of each point calculate pitch or curve pull out apart from etc.But in operating process, polar coordinates, because relate to X coordinate, Y coordinate and angle, often need staff to measure one by one, comparatively trouble.And general measure curve or to calculate the required point of pitch more, workload is larger.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides one and can measure polar device, be intended to solve the problems such as polar coordinate measurement bothers, surveying work amount is large.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Comprise base, cylinder and be arranged on the intermediolateral column on base, the cavity structure that wherein cylinder is upper and lower opening, cylindrical sleeve is on intermediolateral column; The transverse arm B that also comprises cylinder one side being arranged on, transverse arm B top has the slide rail of upper and lower opening, and pillar runs through in the slide rail that transverse arm B is arranged on transverse arm B; Also comprise the measurement mechanism that is arranged on column bottom.
Further, described measurement mechanism comprises gauge head arm, gauge head, and gauge head is arranged on the bottom of gauge head arm, and gauge head arm is connected with column.
Further, the cavity structure that column is lower openings, gauge head arm is slidably arranged in the cavity structure of column.
Further, also comprise by gauge head arm be fixed on column tighten screw.
Further, also comprise the transverse arm A that is arranged on cylinder opposite side, on transverse arm A, be slidably fitted with counterbalance weight.
Further, on transverse arm B, be carved with the scale of measuring X-axis displacement, on gauge head arm, be carved with the scale of measuring Y-axis displacement, on the bottom of intermediolateral column, be carved with the scale taking measurement of an angle.
Further, transverse arm B5 is provided with scale grating, and gauge head arm 11 is provided with scale grating, and the bottom of intermediolateral column 2 is provided with scale grating; Also comprise the grating sensor being separately positioned on transverse arm B5, gauge head arm 11, intermediolateral column 2, also comprise the single-chip microcomputer being connected with each grating sensor, and the digital indicator 13 being connected with single-chip microcomputer.
Further, also comprise the hanger that is arranged on intermediolateral column top.
In the present invention, to have realized the angle of measurement mechanism adjustable by rotating around intermediolateral column for transverse arm B, and column can drive measurement mechanism to move left and right along the slide rail of transverse arm B, the X-axis that has realized measurement mechanism is adjustable, gauge head arm is slidably arranged in the cavity structure of column, can in the cavity structure of column, move up and down by the axis along column, the Y-axis that has realized gauge head is adjustable; On transverse arm A, counterbalance weight is installed, in the time that pillar moves left and right on transverse arm B, counterbalance weight can be by moving left and right to ensure the balance with transverse arm B; On transverse arm B, be carved with the scale of measuring X-axis displacement, be carved with the scale of measuring Y-axis displacement on gauge head arm, be carved with the scale taking measurement of an angle on the bottom of intermediolateral column, staff can obtain by reading the polar coordinates of institute's measuring point; This device is provided with scale grating, digital sensor and single-chip microcomputer and makes enough staff can directly read X coordinate, Y coordinate and the angle coordinate of institute's measuring point by observing digital indicator 13; And the top of intermediolateral column is provided with hanger, hanger can be raised whole measurement mechanism as required, and then measures the polar coordinates of the point of various height.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that can measure polar device.
Wherein, the corresponding parts title of Reference numeral is as follows:
1-hanger, 2-intermediolateral column, 3-base, 4-transverse arm A, 5-transverse arm B, 6-pillar, 7-tightens screw, 8-measurement mechanism, 9-counterbalance weight, 10-cylinder, 11-gauge head arm, 12-gauge head, 13-digital indicator.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is further described.It should be noted that at this, be used for helping to understand this invention for the explanation of these embodiments, but do not form limitation of the invention.In addition,, in each embodiment of described the present invention, related technical characterictic just can combine mutually as long as do not form each other conflict.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, one can be measured polar device, and comprise base 3, cylinder 10 and be arranged on the intermediolateral column 2 on base 3, the cavity structure that wherein cylinder 10 is upper and lower opening, cylinder 10 is enclosed within on intermediolateral column 2; The transverse arm B5 that also comprises cylinder 10 1 sides that are arranged on, transverse arm B5 top has the slide rail of upper and lower opening, and pillar 6 runs through in the slide rail that transverse arm B5 is arranged on transverse arm B5; Also comprise the measurement mechanism 8 that is arranged on column 6 bottoms.
In this structure, cylinder 10 is enclosed within on intermediolateral column 2, makes transverse arm B can drive as required measurement mechanism 8 to rotate around intermediolateral column 2, and the angle that has realized gauge head 12 is adjustable; And column 6 is arranged in the slide rail of transverse arm B, can drive measurement mechanism 8 to move left and right in the slide rail of transverse arm B5, the X-axis that has realized gauge head 12 is adjustable.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1, is described further measurement mechanism 8.
Measurement mechanism 8 also comprises gauge head arm 11, gauge head 12, and gauge head 12 is arranged on the bottom of gauge head arm 11, and gauge head arm 11 is connected with column 6, the cavity structure that column 6 is lower openings, and gauge head arm 11 is slidably mounted in the cavity structure of column 6.
Gauge head arm 11 can slide up and down by the axis along column in the cavity of column 6, and the Y-axis that has realized gauge head 12 is adjustable.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, also comprises gauge head arm 11 is fixed on and tightens screw 7 on column 6.
When loosening, while tightening screw 7, gage beam 11 can slide up and down by the axis along column in the cavity of column 6, and in the time fixedly tightening screw 7, the position of gage beam 11 is fixed.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3, also comprises the transverse arm A4 that is arranged on cylinder 10 opposite sides, is slidably fitted with counterbalance weight 9 on transverse arm A4.
Counterbalance weight 9 can move left and right along transverse arm B5 as required, is used for keeping the balance of transverse arm A4.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is described further on the basis of enforcement 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 or embodiment 4, on transverse arm B5, be carved with the scale of measuring X-axis displacement, on gauge head arm 11, be carved with the scale of measuring Y-axis displacement, on the bottom of intermediolateral column 2, be carved with the scale taking measurement of an angle.
In the time that gauge head 12 touches the point that needs measurement, screw and tighten screw 7, fixing gauge head 12, staff can read the X coordinate of this point, read the Y coordinate of this point and the scale from intermediolateral column 2 bottoms and read the angle coordinate of this point from gauge head arm 11 from transverse arm B5.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 or embodiment 4 or embodiment 5, also comprises that transverse arm B5 is provided with scale grating, and gauge head arm 11 is provided with scale grating, and the bottom of intermediolateral column 2 is provided with scale grating; Also comprise the grating sensor being separately positioned on transverse arm B5, gauge head arm 11, intermediolateral column 2, also comprise the single-chip microcomputer being connected with each grating sensor, and the digital indicator 13 being connected with single-chip microcomputer.
In this structure, in the time that column 6 moves along the scale grating on transverse arm B5, be arranged on the grating sensor on transverse arm B5 moves column 6 distance along transverse arm B5 and be transformed into simulating signal; In the time sliding up and down along the axis of column in the cavity of gauge head arm 11 at column, grating sensor converts gauge head arm 11 to simulating signal in the moving distance of y-axis shift; When cylinder 10 is in the time that intermediolateral column 2 rotates, the angular transition that grating sensor rotates cylinder 10 is simulating signal; When these simulating signals are inputted to single-chip microcomputer, single-chip microcomputer will be converted to digital signal simulating signal, and digital signal shows through digital indicator 13.Therefore, this device can show the polar coordinates of any point automatically, and staff can directly read X coordinate, Y coordinate and the angle coordinate of institute's measuring point by observing digital indicator 13.
Embodiment 7
The present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1, also comprises the hanger 1 that is arranged on intermediolateral column 2 tops.
When surveyed device height is too high, gauge head 12 cannot meet the needs of measurement in adjustable altitude range, can whole device to be measured be raised by hanger 1, and then ensure that side head can measure the polar coordinates of the point of arbitrary height.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the preferred embodiments of the disclosure and embodiment are explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment and examples, in the ken possessing those skilled in the art, can also make a variety of changes without departing from the inventive concept of the premise.

Claims (8)

1. can measure a polar device, it is characterized in that:
Comprise base (3), cylinder (10) and be arranged on the intermediolateral column (2) on base (3), the cavity structure that wherein cylinder (10) is upper and lower opening, cylinder (10) is enclosed within on intermediolateral column (2); Also comprise the transverse arm B(5 that is arranged on cylinder (10) one sides), transverse arm B(5) top has the slide rail of upper and lower opening, pillar (6) runs through transverse arm B(5) be arranged on transverse arm B(5) slide rail in; Also comprise the measurement mechanism (8) that is arranged on column (6) bottom.
2. one according to claim 1 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Described measurement mechanism (8) comprises gauge head arm (11), gauge head (12), and gauge head (12) is arranged on the bottom of gauge head arm (11), and gauge head arm (11) is connected with column (6).
3. one according to claim 2 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
The cavity structure that column (6) is lower openings, gauge head arm (11) is slidably arranged in the cavity structure of column (6).
4. one according to claim 3 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise by gauge head arm (11) be fixed on column (6) tighten screw (7).
5. one according to claim 1 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise the transverse arm A(4 that is arranged on cylinder (10) opposite side), transverse arm A(4) on be slidably fitted with counterbalance weight (9).
6. one according to claim 3 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Transverse arm B(5) on be carved with the scale of measuring X-axis displacement, on gauge head arm (11), be carved with the scale of measuring Y-axis displacement, on the bottom of intermediolateral column (2), be carved with the scale taking measurement of an angle.
7. one according to claim 2 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Transverse arm B(5) be provided with scale grating, gauge head arm (11) is provided with scale grating, and the bottom of intermediolateral column (2) is provided with scale grating; Also comprise and be separately positioned on transverse arm B(5), grating sensor on gauge head arm (11), intermediolateral column (2); Also comprise the single-chip microcomputer being connected with each grating sensor and the digital indicator (13) being connected with single-chip microcomputer.
8. one according to claim 1 can be measured polar device, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise the hanger (1) that is arranged on intermediolateral column (2) top.
CN201410349264.8A 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Device capable of measuring polar coordinates Pending CN104089593A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410349264.8A CN104089593A (en) 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Device capable of measuring polar coordinates

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410349264.8A CN104089593A (en) 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Device capable of measuring polar coordinates

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104990525A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-21 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Polar coordinate measuring device
CN104990526A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-21 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Polar coordinate measuring machine with improved chuck part
CN105180859A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-23 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Improved support arm of polar coordinate measuring apparatus
CN110082501A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-08-02 中南大学 Geological core spatial attitude restoring means

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6275208A (en) * 1985-09-28 1987-04-07 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Shaft height measuring instrument
EP0494377B1 (en) * 1990-12-10 2002-02-27 Firma Carl Zeiss Coordinate measuring machine with quick temperature measurment of a workpiece
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CN103438845A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-11 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Cylindrical coordinate measuring machine
CN203672347U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-06-25 宁波市镇海压铸厂 Three-coordinate measuring instrument
CN203949648U (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-11-19 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Measure polar mechanism

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6275208A (en) * 1985-09-28 1987-04-07 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Shaft height measuring instrument
EP0494377B1 (en) * 1990-12-10 2002-02-27 Firma Carl Zeiss Coordinate measuring machine with quick temperature measurment of a workpiece
CN201266071Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-07-01 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Automatic tracking balancing device of column coordinate measuring machine
CN202420449U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-09-05 九江精密测试技术研究所 Parallel dual-joint coordinate measuring device
CN103438845A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-11 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Cylindrical coordinate measuring machine
CN203672347U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-06-25 宁波市镇海压铸厂 Three-coordinate measuring instrument
CN203949648U (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-11-19 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Measure polar mechanism

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104990525A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-21 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Polar coordinate measuring device
CN104990526A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-10-21 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Polar coordinate measuring machine with improved chuck part
CN105180859A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-23 爱佩仪中测(成都)精密仪器有限公司 Improved support arm of polar coordinate measuring apparatus
CN110082501A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-08-02 中南大学 Geological core spatial attitude restoring means

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Application publication date: 20141008

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