CN104088394A - Building hollow wall large plate integrated with hollow strip plate - Google Patents

Building hollow wall large plate integrated with hollow strip plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104088394A
CN104088394A CN201410339523.9A CN201410339523A CN104088394A CN 104088394 A CN104088394 A CN 104088394A CN 201410339523 A CN201410339523 A CN 201410339523A CN 104088394 A CN104088394 A CN 104088394A
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow
plate
reinforcement
cage
lath
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CN201410339523.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
仇国辉
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仇国辉
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Priority to CN201410339523.9A priority Critical patent/CN104088394A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a building hollow wall large plate integrated with a hollow strip plate. The building hollow wall large plate integrated with the hollow strip plate consists of the hollow strip plate, silicate cement fine aggregate concrete, silicate cement cementitious material, a steel bar framework, a steel wire mesh and fiber mesh cloth, wherein the core filling material of the wall large plate is the hollow strip plate; a plurality of hollow holes are formed in the hollow strip plate along the length direction; the solidification material is the silicate cement fine aggregate concrete and the silicate cement cementitious material; a structure reinforcing material is the steel bar framework, the steel wire mesh and the fiber mesh cloth; the core filling material is coated and solidified by the silicate cement fine aggregate concrete and the silicate cement cementitious material to form the building wall large plate. By virtue of the building hollow wall large plate integrated with the hollow strip plate, a process of mechanically assembling the building hollow wall large plate is realized in the wall construction of the building engineering and is used for replacing the construction of splicing, mounting and constructing the hollow strip plate in the site, and other processes of assembling and building other brickwork materials in the site, so that the total construction period of the building is shortened by 40%-50%, and the problems of deformation and cracks of the wall surface are fundamentally solved.

Description

The large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to the large plate of a kind of hollow lath component building hollow wall, belonging to building material technical field, is about the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall that is matched to make by hollow lath, portland cement concrete, portland cement gelating material, cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet, fibrous mesh cloth for building partition.
Background technology
Along with deepening continuously of China's materials for wall reform and constantly bringing forth new ideas and progress of construction wall technology, construction material is taken leave of tradition " Qin brick and Han tile " epoch of two thousand years substantially.Various novel wall materials release one after another, various in style, provide strong skill upgrading space to the change of modern architecture system, cross high problems but yet exist to some extent as unstable product quality, the loaded down with trivial details and cost of constructing simultaneously.Exist larger difference because the difference of the production technology because of various materials for walls and raw materials for production is determining the quality of walling product and price, more directly affect quality and the cost of construction work.Can find out from many new wall material products of having applied at present, mostly still be difficult to meet Architectural Design Requirements and building simultaneously and use functional requirement and energy-saving and environmental protection, low cost to require.Especially aspect walling product formation large-scale industrial production, the production technology of overwhelming majority construction wall materials is difficult to standardization, standardization, batch production in enormous quantities produces, and human cost is too high, large this of labour intensity also just restricted that walling production industry is difficult to form scale and benefit to a great extent and the walling product price that causes is too high.Finally cause new wall material to be difficult to large area universal and apply and building field the popularizing of new technology of energy that economize on resources, restricted especially the further deeper technological change of modern building fabric system.
In many novel wall material products of now having released, the walling of its technology maturation and function admirable will belong to " light weight concrete construction hollow lath " for building.This wallboard be taking portland cement as cementitious material, steam power station high-temperature quenching slag etc. is as light aggregate, chopped strand are as strengthening " the light weight concrete construction hollow lath " for building of material.Although it has solved drawback many as that tradition and modern building material and so on exist, the traditional architecture pattern of " Qin brick and Han tile " is through with, but it still need to carry out scene splicing installation after construction work concrete frame structure construction completes, need to there is so the long follow-up construction period and cause a large amount of circulation material of building construction process and equipment to take for a long time, finally causing cost of construction naturally too high and cannot reduce.For some fatal shortcomings of above-mentioned many masonry classes and the existence of sheet material class materials for wall, we do not make comparisons to masonry class material temporarily, " light weight concrete construction hollow lath " for building relatively ripe mainly for current techniques is analyzed, and this wallboard key exists metope cracking and the on-the-spot loaded down with trivial details two large subject matters of installing.Current " light weight concrete construction hollow lath " is the same with all Light trabses that gone on the market, and after installing, the common fault of its metope cracking is because the difficult quality control in defect and production and the on-the-spot installation process of product existence itself causes.Because existing dry contraction, Light trabs itself is greater than concrete drying shrinkage value, the impact that before dispatching from the factory, curing time and production batch can not Complete Synchronizations in addition.Particularly in installation process, the control measure of each operation not exclusively put in place again, the many difficult problems such as common quality defect and existence construction complexity that finally cause Light trabs partition wall ubiquity metope to ftracture, the very crux that is difficult to comprehensive large scale application of current building light-weight wallboard existence that Here it is.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the metope cracking that exists for " light weight concrete construction hollow lath " for building partition wall at present and field installation process complexity, the low shortcoming of body of wall batch production production degree, provide a kind of with hollow lath for filling out heartwood material, portland cement pea gravel concreten is solidifying material, strengthen material taking cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet and fibrous mesh cloth as combining structure, by the large plate of a kind of hollow lath component building hollow wall of advanced reasonable process processing and fabricating moulding.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the large plate of a kind of hollow lath component building hollow wall, formed by hollow lath, portland-type cement pea gravel concreten, portland cement gelating material, cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet and fibrous mesh cloth, it is characterized in that: hollow lath is polylith, be neatly arranged on regularly in cage of reinforcement; The one side of hollow lath is provided with fibrous mesh cloth, by portland cement gelating material, itself and hollow lath is bonded together; The another side of hollow lath is provided with steel fabric sheet, by silicic acid class cement pea gravel concreten, itself and hollow lath is bonded together; Described steel fabric sheet inserts overlap joint with cage of reinforcement and is connected; Described hollow lath, cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet and fibrous mesh cloth solidified and constituted the large plate of construction wall by portland-type cement pea gravel concreten and portland cement gelating material parcel; Its manufacture method is: on topotype platform, complete bed die division board, prop up good limit mould, completely spread portland cement gelating material, completely spread fibrous mesh cloth, lay cage of reinforcement, lay hollow lath, plate seam filled with to real, frame rib, suspension ring rib with pea gravel concreten fill, tamping, completely spread steel fabric sheet and be connected with cage of reinforcement insertion overlap joint, after the floating plucking of cast portland-type cement pea gravel concreten Ping Bianmo tamping, form plate face.
Hollow lath of the present invention is 5, is light weight concrete construction hollow lath.
Cage of reinforcement of the present invention is square whole reinforcement cage skeleton, matches with hollow lath.
Cage of reinforcement of the present invention is provided with stirrup.
Cage of reinforcement of the present invention is provided with suspension ring rib reinforcement, and suspension ring rib reinforcement is provided with rib lacing wire and suspension ring.
The frame beam steel of the both sides of cage of reinforcement of the present invention is provided with the large plate of hollow wall welded plate is installed.
Portland cement gelating material of the present invention is 801 glue lean concrete grouts.
Hollow lath of the present invention is the heartwood material of filling out of the present invention.
Cage of reinforcement of the present invention, steel fabric sheet, fiber mesh are structural reinforcement material of the present invention.
Portland-type cement concrete of the present invention is shaping coagulated material of the present invention.
Advantage of the present invention is: realize large-scale industrialized standardized production from solution modern architecture partition wall body of wall and start with, thereby make construction work wall construction realize the large plate motorization assembly of construction wall construction technology replacement hollow lath on-the-spot splicing installation and the on-the-spot block technique of organizing of other building material.Thereby significantly improve the integrated connection intensity of self strength and stiffness and the body of wall of building partition, last fundamentally solved the problem of metope cracking, distortion and further improved the fire resistance of body of wall and sound insulation, water resistance, every key technology performance indications can be completely and conventional red brick wall body match in excellence or beauty.Especially also significantly shorten the building engineering construction duration, general total construction periods 40 ﹪-50 ﹪ of the building left and right of shortening, the duration of saving at building engineering field, its economic benefit was very considerable.The use of also having saved a large amount of auxiliary material simultaneously, and save as place, stockyard and amount transport workloads such as sand, stone, bricks, also have such as the holding time of circulation material and plant equipment and a large amount of energy consumptions, as electric energy, transport energy consumption and manpower consumption etc.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the large plate structure of Fig. 1, schematic cross-section;
Fig. 3 is large plate structure node figure;
Fig. 4 is large plate vertical cross section figure;
Fig. 5 is cage of reinforcement schematic diagram.
In figure: 1, reinforced concrete frame; 2, hollow lath; 3, steel fabric sheet; 4, portland-type cement concrete plate surface; 5, fibrous mesh cloth; 6, portland cement gelling flitch face; 7, welded plate; 8, large plate suspension ring rib; 9, the main muscle of cage of reinforcement; 10, stirrup; 11, rib lacing wire; 12, suspension ring rib reinforcement; 13, suspension ring.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, the present invention is mainly made up of hollow lath 2, steel fabric sheet 3, portland-type cement concrete plate surface 4, fibrous mesh cloth 5, portland cement gelling flitch face 6, cage of reinforcement entirety.Hollow lath is 5, is fitly placed in relatively side by side in cage of reinforcement, as the heartwood material of filling out of the present invention, has solved the solid large plate of concrete in the past and cannot realize the fatal shortcoming of the large plate of hollow hole.The large plate of construction wall from solid become hollow, its production technology is quite complicated, but its large plate optimization to construction wall and realize batch production completely and produce and make construction material construct and unite two into one with construction wall, finally realizes the change again of building system and plays vital decisive role.To add by past coagulation frame construction that the on-the-spot installation of constructing or sheet material changes be that concrete frame structure adds the large plate motorization assembly of construction wall and constructs, and really realized modern building fabric system and thoroughly reached by the science combination of the core elite of post, beam, plate (floor, wallboard) architectural structure system the object that fully phases out construction work body of wall site construction technology and operation.From architectural design and instructions for use, the one, meet structure design safety requirements and the building structure technology requirement of building structure to body of wall.The 2nd, use function aspects from building, no matter be body of wall self intensity, lightweight, fire prevention, waterproof, protection against the tide, sound insulation, metope distortion, cracking, still meet lavatory, the kitchen wall that waterproof requirement is high, all shown its superior performance, and can directly on metope, carry out various facing decorations.The 3rd, from building operations aspect it effectively eliminated especially its construction of traditional masonry class sheet material class walling complicated loaded down with trivial details, labour intensity large, long construction period, to realize mechanized construction degree is low, personnel attrition large and bring building costs excessive and be difficult to a difficult problem of eliminating.The 4th, economize on resources and the energy and environmental protection, because building hollow wall large plate is hollow large plate, its body of wall only 130kg/ ㎡ left and right of conducting oneself with dignity, is traditional masonry 1/2 brick wall, 324kg/ ㎡ conduct oneself with dignity 40 ﹪ less than, therefore provide huge space to the optimization of building concrete chassis body structure design.
The present invention is in order to strengthen the globality of wallboard, wall big slab surrounding and lifting suspension ring position are provided with reinforcement cage skeleton and integral solder connects into an entirety, large plate side plate face at the thick fine-stone concrete of wall big slab cast 20mm is abound with the steel fabric sheet that spacing is not more than 120mm × 120mm, the wall big slab plate face that opposite side is formed by hollow lath face, on its plate face face by completely spreading combining structure reinforcing material that fibrous mesh cloth is used as the large plate of construction wall to guarantee the connection integrity stability of component building wall big slab, and full paving (or completely drawing together) 801 glue lean concrete grouts form the large board finished product plate of construction wall face.
The present invention selects portland-type cement as concrete gel material, and should use portland-type cement, and other cement can not use in principle, also should preferentially use rotary kiln cement simultaneously, could effectively avoid because of the CaO in cement, MgO, S like this 2o 3too high levels and quality is unstable and to affect wall big slab quality unstable.The advantage of this cement is the production and processing that gain in strength in early stage speed is conducive to wall big slab, no matter be from realizing mass production, have advantages of with it that intensity is high, steady quality, raw material sources extensively, i.e. economy material benefit again, or from the quality aspect of economic angle and Integral lifting materials for wall, using this portland-type cement is optimal selection.
The mode of production of the present invention is: first complete bed die and brush release agent, fix limit mould and brush release agent; Be paved with bed die with 801 glairin cement slurries, and paving all strikes off (thickness is not more than 5mm) cement grade and is not less than 325# label, the fibrous mesh cloth that then paves (full paving); Cage of reinforcement entirety (comprise suspension ring, suspension ring rib reinforcement, wall big slab piece welding embedded iron is installed) is installed, and planar alignment is laid and is filled out heart hollow lath, tamps by hollow lath piece, by cement mortar; Tamping is filled up with pea gravel concreten in large edges of boards frame position and suspension ring flank position; In hollow lath plane after installing and handling well, completely spread expanded sheet metal (sheet), and firm with frame cage of reinforcement overlap joint; Then with the floating plucking of fine-stone concrete cast Ping Bianmo tamping suitable for reading, then limit mould (remove limit mould should depending on concrete strength) more than 6 hours is removed in natural curing, then on plate face greatly, lays bed die and start to repeat the production process of the large plate of next piece.With this folded mould construction technology and the technology 10-15 layer that generally superposes, and adopt nature or the maintenance of the film wrapped moisturizing normal temperature installation of dispatching from the factory after 28 days.Product, for frame structure building, steel building, any position non-load bearing inner partition wall, comprises lavatory, the kitchen wall that waterproof requirement is high, adopts motorization assembly construction
Basic mechanical design feature index of the present invention is as following table:
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 5, described cage of reinforcement of the present invention is quadrangle reinforcement cage skeleton and is welded into an entirety.On the main muscle 9 of cage of reinforcement of cage of reinforcement surrounding, be provided with stirrup 10, be laterally provided with suspension ring rib reinforcement 12 near 1/5 place of both sides at cage of reinforcement, suspension ring rib reinforcement is provided with rib lacing wire 11 and suspension ring 13.On the reinforcing bar of the both sides of cage of reinforcement, be provided with welded plate 7.

Claims (10)

1. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall, formed by hollow lath, portland-type cement pea gravel concreten, portland cement gelating material, cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet and fibrous mesh cloth, it is characterized in that: hollow lath is polylith neat regularly arranged being arranged in cage of reinforcement; The one side of hollow lath is provided with fibrous mesh cloth, by portland cement gelating material, itself and hollow lath is bonded together; The another side of hollow lath is provided with steel fabric sheet, by silicic acid class cement concrete, itself and hollow lath is bonded together; Described steel fabric sheet inserts overlap joint with cage of reinforcement and is connected; Described hollow lath, cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet, fiber mesh are solidified and are constituted the large plate of construction wall by portland-type cement pea gravel concreten and portland cement gelating material parcel; Its manufacture method is: on topotype platform, complete bed die division board, prop up good limit mould, completely spread portland cement gelating material, completely spread fibrous mesh cloth, lay cage of reinforcement, lay hollow lath, plate seam filled with to real, frame rib, suspension ring rib with pea gravel concreten fill, tamping, completely spread steel fabric sheet and be connected with cage of reinforcement insertion overlap joint, after the floating plucking of cast portland-type cement pea gravel concreten Ping Bianmo tamping, form plate face.
2. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described hollow lath is 5, is light weight concrete construction hollow lath.
3. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cage of reinforcement is square whole reinforcement cage skeleton, matches with hollow lath.
4. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cage of reinforcement is provided with stirrup.
5. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cage of reinforcement is provided with suspension ring rib reinforcement, and suspension ring rib reinforcement is provided with rib lacing wire and suspension ring.
6. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the frame beam steel of the both sides of described cage of reinforcement is provided with the large plate of hollow wall welded plate is installed.
7. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described portland cement gelating material is 801 glue lean concrete grouts.
8. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described hollow lath is the heartwood material of filling out of the present invention.
9. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cage of reinforcement, steel fabric sheet, fiber mesh are structural reinforcement material of the present invention.
10. the large plate of hollow lath component building hollow wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described portland-type cement pea gravel concreten is shaping coagulated material of the present invention.
CN201410339523.9A 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 Building hollow wall large plate integrated with hollow strip plate Pending CN104088394A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104878873A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-02 华南理工大学 Steel wire mesh reinforced ultra-high performance concrete cover plate and production method thereof
CN107009507A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-08-04 贵州蓝图新材料股份有限公司 A kind of ardealite combined wall and its method for prefabricating

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH083231B2 (en) * 1990-12-28 1996-01-17 タカムラ建設株式会社 Precast curtain wall board
GB2291900A (en) * 1994-08-03 1996-02-07 Fastrac Buildings Ltd Building panel comprising phenolic resin foam
CN2241180Y (en) * 1995-07-24 1996-11-27 西安高鑫轻型建材公司 Steel wire mesh composite light wall board
CN2487808Y (en) * 2001-09-25 2002-04-24 邱则有 Light composite wall coreboard
CN101608487A (en) * 2008-06-17 2009-12-23 龚友平 A kind of wallboard
CN201981731U (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-09-21 南京倍立达实业有限公司 Thermal-insulating decorative wallboard made of glassfiber reinforcing cement

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH083231B2 (en) * 1990-12-28 1996-01-17 タカムラ建設株式会社 Precast curtain wall board
GB2291900A (en) * 1994-08-03 1996-02-07 Fastrac Buildings Ltd Building panel comprising phenolic resin foam
CN2241180Y (en) * 1995-07-24 1996-11-27 西安高鑫轻型建材公司 Steel wire mesh composite light wall board
CN2487808Y (en) * 2001-09-25 2002-04-24 邱则有 Light composite wall coreboard
CN101608487A (en) * 2008-06-17 2009-12-23 龚友平 A kind of wallboard
CN201981731U (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-09-21 南京倍立达实业有限公司 Thermal-insulating decorative wallboard made of glassfiber reinforcing cement

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104878873A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-02 华南理工大学 Steel wire mesh reinforced ultra-high performance concrete cover plate and production method thereof
CN107009507A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-08-04 贵州蓝图新材料股份有限公司 A kind of ardealite combined wall and its method for prefabricating

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Application publication date: 20141008

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