CN104085999B - A kind of sectional artificial wet land system - Google Patents

A kind of sectional artificial wet land system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104085999B
CN104085999B CN201410375826.6A CN201410375826A CN104085999B CN 104085999 B CN104085999 B CN 104085999B CN 201410375826 A CN201410375826 A CN 201410375826A CN 104085999 B CN104085999 B CN 104085999B
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Prior art keywords
immobilized microorganism
pond
layer
water
artificial swamp
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410375826.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104085999A (en
Inventor
张国镇
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Development gardens, Zhejiang Industrial Co., Ltd.
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Development Gardens Zhejiang Industrial Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sectional artificial wet land system, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus, water unit and immobilized microorganism plate, totally 5 layers from top to bottom, artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: sandy soils, sand stone layer, cinder layer, immobilized microorganism layer and gravel bed; Gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe and water distribution branch pipe; Immobilized microorganism layer is provided with immobilized microorganism plate, is provided with aerating apparatus on the downside of immobilized microorganism plate, arranges woven wire between immobilized microorganism layer and cinder layer; Water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot; Artificial swamp pond is formed primarily of pond, top body, intermediate pool body and pond, bottom body three part, and artificial swamp pond adopts steel plate materials to build.The present invention has following advantage: microbial method and artificial swamp are organically combined and effectively improve wastewater treatment efficiency.

Description

A kind of sectional artificial wet land system
Technical field
The present invention relates to sewage treatment area, more specifically to the waste disposal plant that a kind of immobilized microorganism combines with artificial swamp.
Background technology
Artificial swamp is a kind of Novel sewage treatment process that 20 century 70s grow up, and he utilizes the triple synergy of the physics in natural system, chemistry and biology to realize dirty water purification.Constructed wetland waste water treatment technology has that treatment effect is good, removal efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus is high, during-operation service is convenient, engineering capital construction and the advantage such as running expense is low, is thus widely applied to sanitary sewage disposal, Industrial Waste Water Treatments with, mine and oil production, agriculture point source and pollution of area source and body eutrophication issue handling.
Traditional activated sludge process is applied widely in sewage disposal, main because containing a large amount of living microorganisms in active sludge, these microorganisms fast and effeciently can remove the organism in sewage, and have good Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal, but traditional activated sludge process mud is blended in sewage and is in a kind of fluidised form.At present, immobilized microorganism technology is obtained pay close attention to widely both at home and abroad, as the patent No. is: describe a kind of immobilized microorganism preparation method in 200910056687.X patent specification; Immobilized microorganism principal character is that Microorganism incubation becomes a kind of solid-state, is placed in sewage and has fixing shape, and microorganism not loss of activity, there is good wastewater treatment efficiency.
Artificial swamp is longer compared to other traditional sewage treatment process hydraulic detention times at sewage treatment process, other objectionable impuritiess such as the organism in the sewage of artificial swamp, nitrogen phosphorus are removed mainly through the adsorption of filtrate, a small amount of microorganism can be adsorbed in filtrate gap, microorganism is by the organism in self-acting removal sewage and nitrogen phosphorus, but the less therefore microbial process of the content of microorganisms in filtrate is limited, excessive free state microorganism easily causes filter clogging.
Immobilized microorganism is mainly applied in artificial wet land system by the present invention, increases microbial process effect, simultaneously because microorganism is in immobilized state, therefore not easily causes artificial swamp to block, and improves the wastewater treatment efficiency of artificial swamp entirety.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, a kind of sectional artificial wet land system is provided.Adopt this device effectively can improve the wastewater treatment efficiency of artificial swamp; For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of sectional artificial wet land system, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate, totally 4 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: sand stone layer, cinder layer, immobilized microorganism layer and gravel bed; Described gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe and water distribution branch pipe, and water inlet pipe, through pool wall, water inlet pipe is provided with Liquid valve and liquid meter; Described immobilized microorganism layer is provided with immobilized microorganism plate, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe is installed on the downside of immobilized microorganism plate, aeration house steward is through pool wall, aeration house steward is provided with gas valve and gas meter, between immobilized microorganism layer and cinder layer, woven wire is set; Described water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot, and water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond and water inlet pipe place pool wall opposes; Described artificial swamp pond is formed primarily of pond, top body, intermediate pool body and pond, bottom body three part, tang is provided with bottom the body pool wall of pond, top, intermediate pool body pool wall top is provided with groove bottom and is provided with tang, body pool wall top, pond, bottom is provided with groove, matches between the tang of each portion pond body and groove; Described artificial swamp pond adopts steel plate materials to build.
To be put on after described immobilized microorganism plate is mixed with chemical agent by active sludge in template again isoreactivity mud dry after be fixed in template and make; Immobilized microorganism plate thickness is 5cm ~ 8cm, and long is 40cm ~ 60cm, and wide is 20cm ~ 40cm; Immobilized microorganism plate is provided with 4 fixing feet.
Described immobilized microorganism layer vertical direction installs 2 ~ 3 layers of immobilized microorganism plate, and immobilized microorganism layer height is 30cm ~ 40cm.
Described gravel bed from lower to upper grain size of gravel diminishes successively, and lowest layer grain size of gravel is 3cm ~ 4cm, and gravel bed the superiors grain size of gravel is 1cm ~ 2cm, and gravel bed height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
Described cinder layer adopts cinder particle diameter to be 7mm ~ 10mm, and cinder layer height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
Described sand stone layer selects sandstone, and particle diameter is 3mm ~ 6mm, is highly 20cm ~ 25cm.
5cm ~ 10cm at the bottom of the suction culvert distance artificial swamp pond of described water distribution branch pipe and water inlet pipe composition.
Described woven wire is connected by bayonet socket and draw-in groove with pool wall in artificial swamp pond, and woven wire mesh aperture is less than 7mm.
Described water inlet pipe, water distribution branch pipe, aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe all adopt pvc pipe.
The present invention has following advantage: device is convenient to transport and is installed, and microbial method and artificial swamp is organically combined, strengthens the effect of microorganism in artificial swamp, and effectively improve wastewater treatment efficiency, floor space is little, and cost of investment is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is A-A sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is B-B sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is C-C sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is D-D sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is E of the present invention, i.e. woven wire junction, enlarged view.
Wherein, 1, artificial swamp pond; 1-a, pond, top body; 1-b, intermediate pool body; 1-c, pond, bottom body; 2, sandstone; 3, cinder; 4, woven wire; 5, immobilized microorganism plate; 6, gravel; 7, water leg; 8, water leg water shoot; 9, posticum; 10-a, aeration house steward; 10-b, water inlet pipe; 11-a, gas valve; 11-b, Liquid valve; 12-a, gas meter; 12-b, liquid meter; 13-a, aeration branch pipe; 13-b, water distribution branch pipe; 14, bayonet socket; 15, draw-in groove.
Embodiment
With the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail below:
As shown in Fig. 1-4, a kind of sectional artificial wet land system, comprise artificial swamp pond 1, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate 5, totally 4 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: sand stone layer, cinder layer, immobilized microorganism layer and gravel bed; Gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe 10-b and water distribution branch pipe 13-b, and water inlet pipe 10-b, through pool wall, water inlet pipe 10-b is provided with Liquid valve 11-b and liquid meter 12-b; Water inlet pipe 10-b is connected with source of sewage water, and sewage controls flooding velocity by water inlet pipe 10-b by Liquid valve 11-b and liquid meter 12-b, is evenly distributed on pond from water distribution branch pipe 13-b; Immobilized microorganism layer is provided with immobilized microorganism plate 5, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward 10-a and aeration branch pipe 13-a is installed on the downside of immobilized microorganism plate 5, aeration house steward 10-a is through pool wall, aeration house steward 10-a is provided with gas valve 11-a and gas meter 12-a, aeration house steward 10-a and aerogenesis apparatus are by managing to being connected, and gas meter 12-a and gas valve 11-a can control aeration rate; Woven wire 4 is set between immobilized microorganism layer and cinder layer, mainly cinder 3 and immobilized microorganism plate 5 is separated; Water unit is made up of posticum 9, water leg 7 and water leg water shoot 8, water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond and water inlet pipe 10-b place pool wall opposes, sewage flowed out by water distribution branch pipe 13-b filtered by gravel 6 successively, microorganism aerobic process, cinder 3 filter, sandstone flows out to water leg 7 from posticum 9 after filtering, flow out from the water leg water shoot 8 water leg 7 again, realize the treating processes of whole device; Described artificial swamp pond is formed primarily of pond, top body 1-a, intermediate pool body 1-b and pond, bottom body 1-c tri-part, tang is provided with bottom the body 1-a pool wall of pond, top, intermediate pool body 1-b pool wall top is provided with groove bottom and is provided with tang, body 1-c pool wall top, pond, bottom is provided with groove, match between the tang of each portion pond body and groove, can increase or reduce the quantity of intermediate pool body according to actual needs; Described artificial swamp pond adopts steel plate materials to build, and adds pad and can prevent from leaking during installation between tang and groove, and whole device is convenient to transport.
Wherein, Immobilized microorganism plate 5 by active sludge to mix with chemical agent be put on the first-class active sludge of template dry after be fixed in template and be made; Immobilized microorganism plate 5 thickness is 5cm ~ 8cm, and long is 40cm ~ 60cm, and wide is 20cm ~ 40cm; Immobilized microorganism plate is provided with 4 fixing feet, is convenient to be fixedly connected with pond body.In pond, immobilized microorganism layer vertical direction installs 2 ~ 3 layers of immobilized microorganism plate 5, and immobilized microorganism layer height is 30cm ~ 40cm.
Gravel bed from lower to upper grain size of gravel diminishes successively, and lowest layer gravel 6 particle diameter is 3cm ~ 4cm, and gravel bed the superiors gravel 6 particle diameter is 1cm ~ 2cm, and gravel bed height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
Cinder layer adopts cinder 3 particle diameter to be 7mm ~ 10mm, and cinder layer height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
Sand stone layer selects sandstone 2, and sandstone 2 phosphor-removing effect is good, and adopt sandstone 2 particle diameter to be 3mm ~ 6mm, sand stone layer height is 20cm ~ 25cm.
As shown in Figure 6, described woven wire 4 is connected by bayonet socket 14 and draw-in groove 15 with pool wall in artificial swamp pond 1, and woven wire 4 mesh aperture is less than 7mm, prevents cinder 3 from spilling.
Suction culvert as shown in Figure 5, wherein; The suction culvert be made up of water distribution branch pipe 13-b and water inlet pipe 10-b is high bottom artificial swamp pond 1 is 5cm ~ 10cm.Wherein, water inlet pipe 10-b, water distribution branch pipe 13-b, aeration house steward 10-a and aeration branch pipe 13-a all adopt pvc pipe.
Embodiment
In a preferred embodiment, the long 1.5m of artificial swamp pond body, wide 1.2m, high 1.2m; The gravel of 3cm ~ 4cm selected by gravel bed bottom, gravel thickness 30cm, and suction culvert is arranged in gravel bed, 5cm at the bottom of suction culvert distance pond, and the gravel of 1cm ~ 2cm is selected at gravel bed top; Cinder layer cinder selects 7mm ~ 10mm, cinder thickness 30cm, and sandstone selects particle diameter to be 3mm ~ 6mm, sandstone thickness 20cm; Immobilized microorganism layer installs 2 layers of immobilized microorganism plate up and down altogether, install 4 pieces for every layer, every block immobilized microorganism board size: long × wide × high: 40cm × 25cm × 6cm, aerating apparatus is arranged on gravel bed upper end, immobilized microorganism plate lower end, and aeration branch pipe adopts micro-pore aeration; Flooding quantity is 0.1m 3/ h, aeration rate is 0.5 ~ 0.8m 3/ h, hydraulic detention time is about 20h.
Once form is carry out sewage disposal to this embodiment to detect the experimental data drawn:
Can be found by upper table: artificial wetland effluent water quality is highly stable, TN clearance reaches more than 60%, other kinds pollutants removal rate all can reach more than 80% clearance, reaches one-level emission standard A in " municipal sewage plant's pollutant emission standard " (GB18918-2002).

Claims (9)

1. a sectional artificial wet land system, comprise artificial swamp pond, suction culvert, aerating apparatus and water unit, it is characterized in that, also comprise immobilized microorganism plate, totally 4 layers from top to bottom, described artificial swamp pond, is followed successively by: sand stone layer, cinder layer, immobilized microorganism layer and gravel bed; Described gravel bed is provided with the suction culvert be made up of water inlet pipe and water distribution branch pipe, and water inlet pipe, through pool wall, water inlet pipe is provided with Liquid valve and liquid meter; Described immobilized microorganism layer is provided with immobilized microorganism plate, the aerating apparatus be made up of aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe is installed on the downside of immobilized microorganism plate, aeration house steward is through pool wall, aeration house steward is provided with gas valve and gas meter, between immobilized microorganism layer and cinder layer, woven wire is set; Described water unit is made up of posticum, water leg and water leg water shoot, and water unit is arranged on upper end, artificial swamp pond and water inlet pipe place pool wall opposes; Described artificial swamp pond is formed primarily of pond, top body, intermediate pool body and pond, bottom body three part, tang is provided with bottom the body pool wall of pond, top, intermediate pool body pool wall top is provided with groove bottom and is provided with tang, body pool wall top, pond, bottom is provided with groove, matches between the tang of each portion pond body and groove; Described artificial swamp pond adopts steel plate materials to build.
2. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, to be put on after described immobilized microorganism plate is mixed with chemical agent by active sludge in template again isoreactivity mud dry after be fixed in template and make; Immobilized microorganism plate thickness is 5cm ~ 8cm, and long is 40cm ~ 60cm, and wide is 20cm ~ 40cm; Immobilized microorganism plate is provided with 4 fixing feet.
3. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described immobilized microorganism layer vertical direction installs 2 ~ 3 layers of immobilized microorganism plate, and immobilized microorganism layer height is 30cm ~ 40cm.
4. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described gravel bed from lower to upper grain size of gravel diminishes successively, and lowest layer grain size of gravel is 3cm ~ 4cm, gravel bed the superiors grain size of gravel is 1cm ~ 2cm, and gravel bed height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
5. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described cinder layer adopts cinder particle diameter to be 7mm ~ 10mm, and cinder layer height is 30cm ~ 35cm.
6. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described sand stone layer selects sandstone, and particle diameter is 3mm ~ 6mm, is highly 20cm ~ 25cm.
7. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, 5cm ~ 10cm at the bottom of the suction culvert distance artificial swamp pond of described water distribution branch pipe and water inlet pipe composition.
8. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described woven wire is connected by bayonet socket and draw-in groove with pool wall in artificial swamp pond, and woven wire mesh aperture is less than 7mm.
9. a kind of sectional artificial wet land system according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described water inlet pipe, water distribution branch pipe, aeration house steward and aeration branch pipe all adopt pvc pipe.
CN201410375826.6A 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 A kind of sectional artificial wet land system Expired - Fee Related CN104085999B (en)

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CN104743674B (en) * 2015-03-24 2017-07-07 苏州市清泽环境技术有限公司 Modularized artificial wetland processing unit
CN106745760A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-05-31 杜高新 A kind of Constructed Wetland For Purifying filtration system

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CN101402489B (en) * 2008-11-14 2011-09-07 盐城工学院 Process for treating chemical industry tail water with immobilized microorganism-artificial wet land
CN201534811U (en) * 2009-09-22 2010-07-28 中山市环保实业发展有限公司 Multilayer pre-buried microbial vertical flow constructed wetland sewage treatment device
KR20130056076A (en) * 2011-11-21 2013-05-29 아이앤비에어 주식회사 Bioceramic Filter Module
KR101803993B1 (en) * 2013-01-16 2017-12-28 전라남도 The circulation filter device to prevent the disease of fish in the water tank

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Effective date of registration: 20151119

Address after: 266000 Licang, Qingdao, No. nine East water road, No. 320, No.

Applicant after: Gu Xiangmao

Address before: 246000 Anhui Province, Anqing City Yingjiang District Wanjiang Avenue Yingjiang Century City - sail agency 2 seventeen storey 12 room

Applicant before: ANQING QINGRONG ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT CONSULTING CO., LTD.

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Inventor after: Zhang Guozhen

Inventor before: Cui Xiaohui

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Effective date of registration: 20160113

Address after: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province 310004 City Stadium Road Canghe No. 36 under third military retired cadres in the courtyard

Applicant after: Development gardens, Zhejiang Industrial Co., Ltd.

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