CN104085574B - Packet capturing bag breaker - Google Patents

Packet capturing bag breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104085574B
CN104085574B CN201410375306.5A CN201410375306A CN104085574B CN 104085574 B CN104085574 B CN 104085574B CN 201410375306 A CN201410375306 A CN 201410375306A CN 104085574 B CN104085574 B CN 104085574B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
packet capturing
grasping teeth
frame
cylinder
bag
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CN201410375306.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104085574A (en
Inventor
孔祥胜
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无锡市开维物流装备有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201410375306.5A priority Critical patent/CN104085574B/en
Publication of CN104085574A publication Critical patent/CN104085574A/en
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Publication of CN104085574B publication Critical patent/CN104085574B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses packet capturing bag breaker, comprise frame, packet capturing mechanism, scissors mechanism, trolley body, broken bag mechanism, vibrating screen mechanism and feed bin.One end of scissors mechanism is connected with packet capturing mechanism, the other end of scissors mechanism is connected with trolley body, trolley body, broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism are installed in frame, feed bin is positioned at below broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism, packet capturing mechanism is used for capturing or decontroling packaging bag, trolley body drives scissors mechanism and packet capturing mechanism to be elevated and parallel motion, make packet capturing mechanism capture packaging bag and contact bale broken with broken bag mechanism, packaging bag is placed on vibrating screen mechanism by packet capturing mechanism, and vibrating screen mechanism vibration makes the material in packaging bag fall into feed bin.By the interoperation of packet capturing mechanism, scissors mechanism, trolley body, broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism, realize automatic packet capturing, bale broken, put the sequence of operations such as bag and discharging.Its degree of automation is high, easy to operate, production efficiency is high.

Description

Packet capturing bag breaker
Technical field
The present invention relates to and package packing machine field, particularly a kind of packet capturing bag breaker.
Background technology
In the prior art, enforcement be artificial bale broken, like this in Detroit automation, not only need artificial, and the labour intensity of workman is very large, is not inconsistent the labour intensity reducing workman, is unfavorable for the development of mechanization.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the packet capturing bag breaker that a kind of degree of automation is high, easy to operate, production efficiency is high.
According to an aspect of the present invention, provide packet capturing bag breaker, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, packet capturing mechanism, scissors mechanism, trolley body, broken bag mechanism, vibrating screen mechanism and feed bin, one end of scissors mechanism is connected with packet capturing mechanism, the other end of scissors mechanism is connected with trolley body, trolley body, broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism are installed in frame, feed bin is positioned at below broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism, packet capturing mechanism is used for capturing or decontroling packaging bag, trolley body drives scissors mechanism and packet capturing mechanism to be elevated and parallel motion, make packet capturing mechanism capture packaging bag and contact bale broken with broken bag mechanism, packaging bag is placed on vibrating screen mechanism by packet capturing mechanism, vibrating screen mechanism vibration makes the material in packaging bag fall into feed bin.
Its beneficial effect is: by the interoperation of packet capturing mechanism, scissors mechanism, trolley body, broken bag mechanism and vibrating screen mechanism, realize automatic packet capturing, bale broken, put the sequence of operations such as bag and discharging.Its degree of automation is high, easy to operate, production efficiency is high.
In some embodiments, packet capturing mechanism comprises packet capturing frame, adapter plate, first packet capturing cylinder, first grasping teeth assembly, second packet capturing cylinder, second grasping teeth assembly, hoisting belts assembly and Partition board frame, adapter plate is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame, first packet capturing cylinder and the second packet capturing cylinder all hinged with packet capturing frame, first grasping teeth assembly and the second grasping teeth assembly all hinged with adapter plate, the free end of the first packet capturing cylinder and the first grasping teeth member hinges, the free end of the second packet capturing cylinder and the second grasping teeth member hinges, first grasping teeth assembly is corresponding with the second grasping teeth assembly to be arranged, Partition board frame is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame and is positioned at below the first grasping teeth assembly and the second grasping teeth assembly.
Its beneficial effect is: the first packet capturing cylinder and the second packet capturing cylinder are oppositely arranged and synchronization telescope, drive the first grasping teeth assembly and the second grasping teeth assembly to carry out opening and closing movement, to capture or to decontrol packaging bag.Achieve mechanization and the automation mechanized operation of packet capturing, substantially increase production efficiency, reduce the labour intensity of workman.
In some embodiments, first grasping teeth assembly comprises the first actuating arm, second actuating arm, first connecting rod, first grasping teeth bar and the first grasping teeth group, first grasping teeth group is fixed on the first grasping teeth bar, first grasping teeth bar is many, the two ends of the first grasping teeth bar are set in adapter plate, one end of first actuating arm and the free end of the first packet capturing cylinder hinged, one end of first actuating arm is fixedly connected with a wherein first grasping teeth bar, second actuating arm one end and first connecting rod hinged, the second actuating arm other end is fixedly connected with other the first grasping teeth bar, stage casing and the first connecting rod of the first actuating arm are hinged.
Its beneficial effect is: the first packet capturing cylinder promotes the first actuating arm and drives first connecting rod to promote the action simultaneously of the second actuating arm again, make to be connected the first grasping teeth bar with the first actuating arm and the second actuating arm along own axis, and drive the first grasping teeth group to realize grabbing conjunction and launching action.Action is synchronously carried out, and harmony is good.
In some embodiments, second grasping teeth assembly comprises the 3rd actuating arm, 4 wheel driven swing arm, second connecting rod, second grasping teeth bar and the second grasping teeth group, second grasping teeth group is fixed on the second grasping teeth bar, second grasping teeth bar is many, the two ends of the second grasping teeth bar are set in adapter plate, one end of second actuating arm and the free end of the second packet capturing cylinder hinged, the other end of the second actuating arm is fixedly connected with a wherein second grasping teeth bar, 4 wheel driven swing arm one end and second connecting rod hinged, the 4 wheel driven swing arm other end is fixedly connected with other the second grasping teeth bar, stage casing and the second connecting rod of the 3rd actuating arm are hinged, second grasping teeth group and the first grasping teeth group one_to_one corresponding are arranged.
Its beneficial effect is: the second packet capturing cylinder promotes the 3rd actuating arm and drives second connecting rod to promote the action simultaneously of 4 wheel driven swing arm again, make to be connected the second grasping teeth bar along own axis with the 3rd actuating arm and 4 wheel driven swing arm, and drive the second grasping teeth group to realize grabbing conjunction and launching action.Second grasping teeth group matches with the first grasping teeth group and can realize packet capturing and put package operation.Coordination is good, and grip is strong.
In some embodiments, scissors mechanism comprises scissor framework, the first roller and the second roller, scissor framework is made up of the pipe link of many cross-articulation and can folds, launches, the packet capturing frame of side, scissor framework lower end and packet capturing mechanism is hinged, scissor framework lower end opposite side is provided with the first roller, bale plucker erection restricted first roller horizontal displacement roller groove, side, scissor framework upper end and trolley body hinged, scissor framework upper end opposite side is provided with the second roller.
Its beneficial effect is: scissors mechanism plays the effect connecting packet capturing mechanism and trolley body.Scissors mechanism can fold with the lifting of packet capturing mechanism and launch, and namely the horizontal displacement that roller groove can limit the first roller also limits the adjustable height of packet capturing mechanism.
In some embodiments, trolley body comprises car rack, the first dolly reductor, the first rotating shaft, belt wheel and hoisting belts, first dolly reductor is fixedly connected with car rack, first dolly reductor is connected with the first rotating shaft and drives the first axis of rotation, first rotating shaft is fixedly connected with belt wheel, hoisting belts one end is fixedly connected with belt wheel, the other end be fixedly connected with.
Its beneficial effect is: the first dolly reductor rotating band movable belt pulley and hoisting belts run and drive scissors mechanism to carry out launching or folding, then the packet capturing mechanism be connected with scissors mechanism can be driven to be elevated and run, can realize automatic lifting.
In some embodiments, trolley body also comprises the second dolly reductor, the second rotating shaft, sprocket wheel, chain, slideway, linear slide block, roller and raceway, chain, slideway and raceway are all fixed in frame, second dolly reductor is connected with the second rotating shaft and drives the second axis of rotation, and the second rotating shaft is fixedly connected with sprocket wheel, and sprocket wheel engages with chain, the side of car rack is provided with linear slide block, opposite side is provided with raceway, and linear slide block coordinates with slideway, and roller coordinates with raceway.
Its beneficial effect is: chain, slideway and raceway are all horizontally disposed with, and the second dolly reductor rotating band movable sprocket rolls and makes car rack parallel motion on chain, thus drives scissors mechanism and packet capturing mechanism parallel motion.Can automatic horizontal movement be realized, shift position and speed controlled.
In some embodiments, broken bag mechanism comprises broken bag reductor, rotating shaft, pitch cutting and bearing, and broken bag reductor is connected with rotating shaft and drives axis of rotation, and pitch cutting is sleeved on outside rotating shaft, and the end sleeve of rotating shaft is contained in bearing, and bearing is fixedly connected with frame.
Its beneficial effect is: broken bag reductor drives rotating shaft and the pitch cutting be fixed in rotating shaft is rotated to cut packaging bag.
In some embodiments, packet capturing bag breaker also comprises cleaning mechanism, cleaning mechanism comprises cleaning frame, cylinder fixed mount, cleaning cylinder, actuating arm, cleaning finger, the gentle cylinder fixed mount of cleaning frame is all fixedly connected with trolley body, cleaning cylinder and cylinder fixed mount hinged, one end of free end and the actuating arm of cleaning cylinder is hinged, and the other end of actuating arm is fixedly connected with cleaning finger, cleans finger and is installed in rotation on and cleans in frame.
Its beneficial effect is: cleaning mechanism is fixed on the front of trolley body working direction, and cleaning cylinder promotes actuating arm and drives cleaning finger packaging bag outwards to be pushed, and realizes automatic cleaning.
In some embodiments, packet capturing bag breaker also comprises vibrating screen mechanism, vibrating screen mechanism comprises shake sieve cylinder, guide rod, top sieve and lower sieve, the sieve cylinder that shakes all is fixedly connected with frame with lower sieve, the free end sieving cylinder that shakes is fixedly connected with top sieve, one end of guide rod is fixedly connected with top sieve, and the other end of guide rod is connected with housing slide.
Its beneficial effect is: the sieve cylinder that shakes promotes guide rod and drives top sieve to move around, and making to realize dislocation between top sieve and lower sieve mobile, can make the material in packaging bag fast and packaging bag depart from and fall into feed bin, improve production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be an embodiment of the present invention structural representation;
The packet capturing mechanism that Fig. 2 is the packet capturing bag breaker that shows described in Fig. 1, scissors mechanism and trolley body structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the scissors mechanism of the packet capturing bag breaker shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the main portion structural representation of the packet capturing mechanism shown in Fig. 3;
The scissors mechanism structure schematic diagram that Fig. 5 is the packet capturing bag breaker shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the trolley body of the packet capturing bag breaker shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the cleaning mechanism of the packet capturing bag breaker shown in Fig. 1;
The broken bag mechanism 6 that Fig. 8 is the packet capturing bag breaker shown in Fig. 1, vibrating screen mechanism 7 and transition roller mechanism structure schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 show schematically show the packet capturing bag breaker according to these one embodiment of the present invention.
See figures.1.and.2, packet capturing bag breaker, comprises frame 1, packet capturing mechanism 2, scissors mechanism 3, trolley body 4, cleaning mechanism 5, broken bag mechanism 6, vibrating screen mechanism 7, transition roller mechanism 8 and feed bin 9.Scissors mechanism 3 is connected with packet capturing mechanism 2 and drives packet capturing mechanism 2 to be elevated.Trolley body 4 is arranged on frame 1 top and is positioned at the top of broken bag mechanism 6 and vibrating screen mechanism 7.Trolley body 4 is connected with scissors mechanism 3 and scissors mechanism 3 can be driven to be elevated or parallel motion.Transition roller mechanism 8, broken bag mechanism 6 and vibrating screen mechanism 7 arrange row successively and are installed in frame 1.Feed bin 9 is positioned at below broken bag mechanism 6 and vibrating screen mechanism 7.After packet capturing mechanism 2 captures packaging bag, trolley body 4 drives scissors mechanism 3 and packet capturing mechanism 2 to be elevated and parallel motion makes packaging bag contact bale broken with broken bag mechanism 6, rear trolley body 4 continues to move makes packet capturing mechanism 2 arrive above vibrating screen mechanism 7, packaging bag is placed on vibrating screen mechanism 7 by packet capturing mechanism 2, and vibrating screen mechanism 7 vibration makes the material in packaging bag fall into feed bin 9.Cleaning mechanism 5 is arranged on the front end of the horizontal working direction of trolley body 4, the packaging bag on vibrating screen mechanism 7 can be released vibrating screen mechanism 7.
With reference to Fig. 2, packet capturing mechanism 2 comprises packet capturing frame 21, adapter plate 22, first packet capturing cylinder 23, first grasping teeth assembly 24, second packet capturing cylinder 25, second grasping teeth assembly 26 and Partition board frame 27.Adapter plate 22 is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame 21, first packet capturing cylinder 23 and the second packet capturing cylinder 25 all hinged with packet capturing frame 21, first grasping teeth assembly 24 and the second grasping teeth assembly 26 all hinged with adapter plate 22, free end and the first grasping teeth assembly 24 of the first packet capturing cylinder 23 are hinged, free end and the second grasping teeth assembly 26 of the second packet capturing cylinder 25 are hinged, first grasping teeth assembly 24 is corresponding with the second grasping teeth assembly 26 to be arranged, and Partition board frame 27 is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame 21 and is positioned at below the first grasping teeth assembly 24 and the second grasping teeth assembly 26.
With reference to Fig. 4, first grasping teeth assembly 24 comprises the first actuating arm 241, multiple second actuating arm 242, first connecting rod 243, first grasping teeth bar 244 and the first grasping teeth group 245, first grasping teeth group 245 is fixed on the first grasping teeth bar 244, first grasping teeth group 245 comprises many grasping teeths, and many grasping teeths be arranged in parallel and are all fixed on the first grasping teeth bar 244.First grasping teeth bar 244 is many of be arrangeding in parallel, the two ends of the first grasping teeth bar 244 are set in adapter plate 22 rotationally, one end of first actuating arm 241 and the free end of the first packet capturing cylinder 23 hinged, one end of first actuating arm 241 is fixedly connected with a wherein first grasping teeth bar 244, second actuating arm 242 one end and first connecting rod 243 hinged, second actuating arm 242 other end is fixedly connected with other the first grasping teeth bar 244, and stage casing and the first connecting rod 243 of the first actuating arm 241 are hinged.
With reference to Fig. 4, the second grasping teeth assembly 26 comprises the 3rd actuating arm 261,4 wheel driven swing arm 262, second connecting rod 263, second grasping teeth bar 264 and the second grasping teeth group 265.Second grasping teeth group 265 is fixed on the second grasping teeth bar 264, second grasping teeth group 265 and comprises the many grasping teeths be arranged in parallel.Second grasping teeth bar 264 is many, the two ends of the second grasping teeth bar 264 are set in adapter plate 22, one end of second actuating arm 261 and the free end of the second packet capturing cylinder 25 hinged, one end of second actuating arm 261 is fixedly connected with a wherein second grasping teeth bar 264,4 wheel driven swing arm 262 one end and second connecting rod 263 hinged, 4 wheel driven swing arm 262 other end is fixedly connected with other the second grasping teeth bar 264, and stage casing and the second connecting rod 263 of the 3rd actuating arm 261 are hinged.Every block adapter plate 22 is provided with two bearings 221, two bearings 221 are respectively charged into one end of the first grasping teeth bar 244 and one end of the second grasping teeth bar 264, namely first grasping teeth bar 244 is set up in parallel with a second grasping teeth bar 264 and the first grasping teeth group 245 is relative with the grasping teeth direction of the second grasping teeth group 265, and namely the second grasping teeth group 265 and the first grasping teeth group 245 one_to_one corresponding are arranged.Second grasping teeth group 265 and the first grasping teeth group 245 can reach the downside of Partition board frame 27 when capturing packaging bag, the upside of Partition board frame 27 is then retracted into when the second grasping teeth group 265 and the first grasping teeth group 245 are opened and decontroled packaging bag, due to the stop of Partition board frame 27, packaging bag can be separated from the second grasping teeth group 265 and the first grasping teeth group 245 smoothly, easy to use.
With reference to Fig. 5, scissors mechanism 3 comprises scissor framework 31, first roller 32 and the second roller 33.Scissor framework 31 is made up of the pipe link of many cross-articulation and can folds, launches.Scissor framework 31 comprises first connecting rod 311, second connecting rod 312, third connecting rod 313, double leval jib 314, the 5th connecting rod 315 and six-bar linkage 316.One end of first connecting rod 311 and the packet capturing frame 21 of packet capturing mechanism 2 are by hinge, and the end of first connecting rod 311, second connecting rod 312 and third connecting rod 313 is hinged successively, and one end of third connecting rod 313 is provided with the second roller 33.The end that one end of double leval jib 314 is provided with the first roller 32, the double leval jib the 314, the 5th connecting rod 315 and six-bar linkage 316 is hinged successively, and one end and the trolley body 4 of six-bar linkage 316 pass through hinge.The middle part of first connecting rod 311 and the middle part of double leval jib 314 hinged, the middle part of second connecting rod 312 and the middle part of the 5th connecting rod 315 hinged, the middle part of third connecting rod 313 and the middle part of six-bar linkage 316 hinged.Packet capturing frame 21 is fixed with the two ends that the first roller groove 211, first roller 32 is positioned at the first roller groove 211, first roller groove 211 and is equipped with baffle plate to limit the first roller 32 horizontal displacement.Trolley body 4 is fixed with the second roller groove 414, second roller 33 and is positioned at the second roller groove 414.Scissor framework 31 can be symmetrical arranged into two covers to make packet capturing mechanism 2 stress balance.Scissor framework 31 is arranged to two groups, is fixedly connected with crossbeam 34 between two groups of scissor frameworks 31.
With reference to Fig. 6, trolley body 4 comprises the rotating shaft 43 of car rack 41, first dolly reductor 42, first, belt wheel 44, the rotating shaft 47 of hoisting belts 45, second dolly reductor 46, second, sprocket wheel 48, chain 49, slideway 410, linear slide block 411, roller 412 and raceway 413.Above-mentioned second roller groove 414 is fixedly connected with car rack 41 and is positioned at the downside of car rack 41.First dolly reductor 42 and the second dolly reductor 46 are respectively with driven by motor, and the speed ratio of the first dolly reductor 42 and the second dolly reductor 46 is adjustable.First dolly reductor 42, second dolly reductor 46 is all fixedly connected with car rack 41.First dolly reductor 42 is connected with the first rotating shaft 43 and drives the first rotating shaft 43 to rotate.First rotating shaft 43 is fixedly connected with belt wheel 44, and hoisting belts 45 one end is fixedly connected with belt wheel 44, and the other end is fixedly connected with the packet capturing frame 21 of packet capturing mechanism 2.Therefore the first dolly reductor 42 rotates and the first rotating shaft 43 and belt wheel 44 can be driven to rotate, belt wheel 44 rotates and makes the hoisting belts 45 be connected on belt wheel 44 be wound up on belt wheel 44, packet capturing mechanism 2 can be pulled to rise or decline by the forward or reverse controlling the first dolly reductor 42.
With reference to Fig. 6, chain 49, slideway 410 parallel with raceway 413 and all level be fixed in frame 1.Second dolly reductor 46 is connected with the second rotating shaft 47 and drives the second rotating shaft 47 to rotate.Second rotating shaft 47 is fixedly connected with sprocket wheel 48, and sprocket wheel 48 engages with chain 49.The two ends of chain 49 are fixed in frame 1 by set pin.The side of car rack 41 is provided with linear slide block 411, and opposite side is provided with raceway 413, and linear slide block 411 coordinates with slideway 410, and roller 412 coordinates with raceway 413.Rotating the second dolly reductor 46 drives the second rotating shaft 47 and sprocket wheel 48 to rotate, then the chain 49 that sprocket wheel 48 is being engaged with rolls, and drives car rack 41 parallel motion.And the slideway 410 of car rack 41 both sides and raceway 413 pairs of car racks 41 play the effect supporting and retrain.By controlling the forward or reverse of the second dolly reductor 46, car rack 41 can be controlled on slideway 410 and raceway 413, return parallel motion.
With reference to Fig. 8, broken bag mechanism 6 comprises broken bag reductor 61, rotating shaft 62, pitch cutting 63 and bearing 64.Broken bag reductor 61 is fixedly installed in frame 1 side, and broken bag reductor 61 is connected with rotating shaft 62 and drives rotating shaft 62 to rotate.Pitch cutting 63 is sleeved on outside rotating shaft 62, and the end sleeve of rotating shaft 62 is contained in bearing 64, and bearing 64 is fixedly connected with frame 1.Broken bag reductor 61 rotates and drives rotating shaft 62 and pitch cutting 63 to rotate and can cut packaging bag.
With reference to Fig. 7, cleaning mechanism 5 comprises cleaning frame 51, cylinder fixed mount 52, cleaning cylinder 53, actuating arm 54, cleaning finger 55.Cleaning frame 51 is all fixedly connected with the car rack 41 of trolley body 4 with cylinder fixed mount 52, cleaning cylinder 53 is hinged with cylinder fixed mount 52, one end of the cleaning free end of cylinder 53 and actuating arm 54 is hinged, the other end of actuating arm 54 is fixedly connected with cleaning finger 55, and cleaning finger 55 is installed in rotation in cleaning frame 51.Cleaning finger 55 comprises many parallel finger bars 551 and the fixing connection cross bar 552 referring to bar 551, refers to bar 551 and to be connected cross bar 552 perpendicular, connects the two ends of cross bar 552 and to clean frame 51 hinged.Actuating arm 54 be connected cross bar 552 and be fixedly connected with.Cleaning finger 55 can form vertical or transverse direction with the flexible of cleaning cylinder 53.Cleaning mechanism 5 is followed the motion of car rack 41 and moves, when car rack 41 moves to the end of vibrating screen mechanism 7, cleaning cylinder 53 stretches promotion actuating arm 54 makes cleaning finger 55 be positioned at vertical position, and along with the advance of car rack 41, packaging bag is released vibrating screen mechanism 7 by cleaning finger 55.Then can back move after car rack 41 arrives the end of frame 1, at this moment, cleaning cylinder 53 is retracted and is driven actuating arm 54 to make cleaning finger 55 be positioned at horizontal direction, then clean finger 55 and can not push back the packaging bag be newly placed on vibrating screen mechanism 7.
With reference to Fig. 8, vibrating screen mechanism 7 comprises shake sieve cylinder 71, guide rod 72, top sieve 73 and lower sieve 74.The sieve cylinder 71 that shakes all is fixedly connected with frame 1 with lower sieve 74.Top sieve 73 comprises the upper screen frames at many parallel inverted U-shaped top sieve bars and fixing top sieve bar two ends, and upper screen frames is fixedly connected with guide rod 72.Lower sieve 74 comprises the lower screen frames at many parallel inverted U-shaped lower sieve bars and fixing lower sieve bar two ends, and lower screen frames is fixedly connected with frame 1.The free end sieving cylinder 71 that shakes is fixedly connected with top sieve 73, and one end of guide rod 72 is fixedly connected with top sieve 73, the other end of guide rod 72 and frame 1 sliding block joint.Frame 1 has the cross through hole that can hold guide rod 72, the other end through hole of guide rod 72 also can slide in through hole.Shaking, sieve cylinder 71 is flexible can drive top sieve 73 to vibrate back and forth, makes to realize dislocation between top sieve 73 and lower sieve 74 mobile, then the material of the packaging bag be arranged on top sieve 73 and lower sieve 74 can be made to fall into feed bin 9 rapidly.
With reference to Fig. 8, transition roller mechanism 8 comprises transition roller 81 and transition roller support 82.Transition roller support 82 is fixed in frame 1.Transition roller 81 is multiple, is installed in rotation on successively on transition roller support 82.Transition roller mechanism 8 is positioned at broken bag mechanism 6 side and is positioned at lower than broken bag mechanism 6.Multiple transition roller 81 near broken bag mechanism 6 side to away from broken bag mechanism 6 oblique arrangement, the packaging bag captured to make packet capturing mechanism 2 can arrive broken bag mechanism 6 smoothly.
The working process of packet capturing bag breaker of the present invention is as follows:
The free end of the first packet capturing cylinder 23 of packet capturing mechanism 2 drive first actuating arm 241 that stretches rotates, the first grasping teeth bar 244 be fixedly connected with it is driven to rotate and drive first connecting rod 243 hinged with it to move while first actuating arm 241 rotates, first connecting rod 243 moves and drives many second actuating arms 242 be attached thereto to rotate, and the second actuating arm 242 and the first actuating arm 241 rotate simultaneously, drives many first grasping teeth bars 244 to rotate.Therefore, the first all grasping teeth bars 244 all rotates along with the flexible of the first packet capturing cylinder 23 simultaneously, can drive to be fixed on the first grasping teeth bar 244 first grasping teeth group 245 and to rotate.The free end of the second packet capturing cylinder 25 drive the 3rd actuating arm 261 that stretches rotates, the second grasping teeth bar 264 be fixedly connected with it is driven to rotate and drive second connecting rod 263 hinged with it to move while 3rd actuating arm 261 rotates, second connecting rod 263 moves and drives the many 4 wheel driven swing arms 262 be attached thereto to rotate, and 4 wheel driven swing arm 262 and the 3rd actuating arm 261 rotate simultaneously, drives many second grasping teeth bars 264 to rotate.Therefore, the second all grasping teeth bars 264 all rotates along with the flexible of the second packet capturing cylinder 5 simultaneously, can drive to be fixed on the second grasping teeth bar 264 second grasping teeth group 265 and to rotate.First packet capturing cylinder 23 and the second packet capturing cylinder 25 carry out expanding-contracting action simultaneously, and the first grasping teeth group 245 and the second grasping teeth group 265 can be driven to rotate in opposite directions or on the contrary simultaneously.
The car rack 41 of trolley body 4, when carrying out work, first, is moved to the front end of frame 1, packaging bag is placed into the below of packet capturing mechanism 2 by packet capturing bag breaker of the present invention.Start the first packet capturing cylinder 23 and the same contraction of the second packet capturing cylinder 25 of packet capturing mechanism 2, drive the first grasping teeth group 245 and the second grasping teeth group 265 to rotate in opposite directions and capture packaging bag.Then, the first dolly reductor 42 starting trolley body 4 is with movable belt pulley 44 to rotate, and makes hoisting belts 45 be wound in belt wheel 44 and shrink, and scissor framework 31 contraction that belt wheel 44 drives packet capturing mechanism 2 to rise and drives scissors mechanism 3 is simultaneously folding.When the first roller 32 be connected with scissor framework 31 or the second roller 33 abut one end of the first roller groove 211 or the second roller groove 414, the contraction of scissor framework 31 is folding to be restricted.Stop the first dolly reductor 42 and start the second dolly reductor 46 of trolley body 4, the sprocket wheel 48 of trolley body 4 is driven to rotate, because sprocket wheel 48 engages with chain 49,48, sprocket wheel can move along chain 49 and drive car rack 41 to move, and drives the other end of the packet capturing mechanism 2 that is connected with trolley body 4 and scissors mechanism 3 one frame 1 in the same way to move simultaneously.First the bottom of packaging bag touches transition roller mechanism 8, and the transition roller 81 along transition roller mechanism 8 on the downside of packaging bag tilts upward movement.When packaging bag arrival is positioned at the broken bag mechanism 6 on transition roller mechanism 8 side, the broken bag reductor 61 starting broken bag mechanism 6 drives the rotating shaft 62 be attached thereto to rotate, and rotating shaft 62 drives pitch cutting 63 fixed thereon to rotate and cuts packaging bag.Trolley body 4 continues to drive packet capturing mechanism 2 and scissors mechanism 3 to move, when packet capturing mechanism 2 is positioned at directly over vibrating screen mechanism 7, starts the first packet capturing cylinder 23 and the second packet capturing cylinder 25 and stretch drive first grasping teeth group 245 and the second grasping teeth group 265 simultaneously and rotate backward and put down packaging bag on vibrating screen mechanism 7.The flexible top sieve 73 that drives of the sieve cylinder 71 that shakes starting vibrating screen mechanism 7 vibrates back and forth, and make to realize dislocation between top sieve 73 and lower sieve 74 mobile, then the material in packaging bag falls into feed bin 9 rapidly.Complete packet capturing and bale broken operation.The the second dolly reductor 46 starting trolley body 4 rotates backward, and makes trolley body 4 drive packet capturing mechanism 2 and scissors mechanism 3 to get back to the front end of frame 1, then can repeat above-mentioned action again and carry out packet capturing and bale broken operation.
Above-described is only some embodiments of the present invention.For the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise of the invention, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to the protection domain of invention.

Claims (9)

1. packet capturing bag breaker, it is characterized in that, comprise frame (1), packet capturing mechanism (2), scissors mechanism (3), trolley body (4), broken bag mechanism (6), vibrating screen mechanism (7) and feed bin (9), one end of described scissors mechanism (3) is connected with packet capturing mechanism (2), the other end of scissors mechanism (3) is connected with trolley body (4), described trolley body (4), broken bag mechanism (6) and vibrating screen mechanism (7) are installed in frame (1), described feed bin (9) is positioned at broken bag mechanism (6) and vibrating screen mechanism (7) below, described packet capturing mechanism (2) is for capturing or decontroling packaging bag, trolley body (4) drives scissors mechanism (3) and packet capturing mechanism (2) to be elevated and parallel motion, make packet capturing mechanism (2) capture packaging bag and contact bale broken with broken bag mechanism (6), packaging bag is placed on vibrating screen mechanism (7) by packet capturing mechanism (2), vibrating screen mechanism (7) vibration makes the material in packaging bag fall into feed bin (9),
Described packet capturing mechanism (2) comprises packet capturing frame (21), adapter plate (22), first packet capturing cylinder (23), first grasping teeth assembly (24), second packet capturing cylinder (25), second grasping teeth assembly (26) and Partition board frame (27), described adapter plate (22) is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame (21), described first packet capturing cylinder (23) and the second packet capturing cylinder (25) all hinged with packet capturing frame (21), described first grasping teeth assembly (24) and the second grasping teeth assembly (26) all hinged with adapter plate (22), free end and the first grasping teeth assembly (24) of described first packet capturing cylinder (23) are hinged, free end and the second grasping teeth assembly (26) of described second packet capturing cylinder (25) are hinged, described first grasping teeth assembly (24) is corresponding with the second grasping teeth assembly (26) to be arranged, described Partition board frame (27) is fixedly connected with packet capturing frame (21) and is positioned at the first grasping teeth assembly (24) and the second grasping teeth assembly (26) below.
2. packet capturing bag breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first grasping teeth assembly (24) comprises the first actuating arm (241), second actuating arm (242), first connecting rod (243), first grasping teeth bar (244) and the first grasping teeth group (245), described first grasping teeth group (245) is fixed on the first grasping teeth bar (244), described first grasping teeth bar (244) is many, the two ends of described first grasping teeth bar (244) are set in adapter plate (22), one end of described first actuating arm (241) and the free end of the first packet capturing cylinder (23) hinged, the other end of described first actuating arm (241) is fixedly connected with a wherein first grasping teeth bar (244), described second actuating arm (242) one end and first connecting rod (243) hinged, described second actuating arm (242) other end is fixedly connected with other the first grasping teeth bar (244), stage casing and the first connecting rod (243) of described first actuating arm (241) are hinged.
3. packet capturing bag breaker according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described second grasping teeth assembly (26) comprises the 3rd actuating arm (261), 4 wheel driven swing arm (262), second connecting rod (263), second grasping teeth bar (264) and the second grasping teeth group (265), described second grasping teeth group (265) is fixed on the second grasping teeth bar (264), described second grasping teeth bar (264) is many, the two ends of described second grasping teeth bar (264) are set in adapter plate (22), one end of described second actuating arm (261) and the free end of the second packet capturing cylinder (25) hinged, the other end of described second actuating arm (261) is fixedly connected with a wherein second grasping teeth bar (264), described 4 wheel driven swing arm (262) one end and second connecting rod (263) hinged, described 4 wheel driven swing arm (262) other end is fixedly connected with other the second grasping teeth bar (264), stage casing and the second connecting rod (263) of described 3rd actuating arm (261) are hinged, described second grasping teeth group (265) and the first grasping teeth group (245) one_to_one corresponding are arranged.
4. the packet capturing bag breaker according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described scissors mechanism (3) comprises scissor framework (31), first roller (32) and the second roller (33), described scissor framework (31) is made up of the pipe link of many cross-articulation and can folds, launch, the packet capturing frame (21) of described scissor framework (31) side, lower end and packet capturing mechanism (2) is hinged, described scissor framework (31) lower end opposite side is provided with the first roller (32), described packet capturing frame (21) is provided with the roller groove (211) of restriction first roller (32) horizontal displacement, described scissor framework (31) side, upper end and trolley body (4) hinged, scissor framework (31) upper end opposite side is provided with the second roller (33).
5. the packet capturing bag breaker according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described trolley body (4) comprises car rack (41), first dolly reductor (42), first rotating shaft (43), belt wheel (44) and hoisting belts (45), described first dolly reductor (42) is fixedly connected with car rack (41), described first dolly reductor (42) is connected with the first rotating shaft (43) and drives the first rotating shaft (43) to rotate, described first rotating shaft (43) is fixedly connected with belt wheel (44), described hoisting belts (45) one end is fixedly connected with belt wheel (44), the other end is fixedly connected with scissors mechanism (3).
6. packet capturing bag breaker according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described trolley body (4) also comprises the second dolly reductor (46), second rotating shaft (47), sprocket wheel (48), chain (49), slideway (410), linear slide block (411), roller (412) and raceway (413), described chain (49), slideway (410) and raceway (413) are all fixed in frame (1), described second dolly reductor (46) is connected with the second rotating shaft (47) and drives the second rotating shaft (47) to rotate, described second rotating shaft (47) is fixedly connected with sprocket wheel (48), described sprocket wheel (48) engages with chain (49), the side of described car rack (41) is provided with linear slide block (411), opposite side is provided with raceway (413), described linear slide block (411) coordinates with slideway (410), described roller (412) coordinates with raceway (413).
7. packet capturing bag breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, broken bag mechanism (6) comprises broken bag reductor (61), rotating shaft (62), pitch cutting (63) and bearing (64), described broken bag reductor (61) is connected with rotating shaft (62) and drives rotating shaft (62) to rotate, described pitch cutting (63) is sleeved on rotating shaft (62) outward, the end sleeve of described rotating shaft (62) is contained in bearing (64), and described bearing (64) is fixedly connected with frame (1).
8. the packet capturing bag breaker according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, also comprise cleaning mechanism (5), described cleaning mechanism (5) comprises cleaning frame (51), cylinder fixed mount (52), cleaning cylinder (53), actuating arm (54), cleaning finger (55), described cleaning frame (51) is all fixedly connected with trolley body (4) with cylinder fixed mount (52), described cleaning cylinder (53) is hinged with cylinder fixed mount (52), the free end of described cleaning cylinder (53) and one end of actuating arm (54) hinged, the other end of described actuating arm (54) is pointed (55) with cleaning and is fixedly connected with, described cleaning finger (55) is installed in rotation in cleaning frame (51).
9. the packet capturing bag breaker according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described vibrating screen mechanism (7) comprises shake sieve cylinder (71), guide rod (72), top sieve (73) and lower sieve (74), described sieve cylinder (71) that shakes all is fixedly connected with frame (1) with lower sieve (74), the described free end shaking sieve cylinder (71) is fixedly connected with top sieve (73), one end of described guide rod (72) is fixedly connected with top sieve (73), the other end of described guide rod (72) and frame (1) sliding block joint.
CN201410375306.5A 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Packet capturing bag breaker CN104085574B (en)

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CN105600483B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-03-02 渊驰粉粒体技术(上海)有限公司 Large-scale destacking Unpacking
CN105600484B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-05-08 渊驰粉粒体技术(上海)有限公司 Destacking, which is unpacked, conveys integrated system
CN106081283A (en) * 2016-08-02 2016-11-09 浙江国镜药业有限公司 Bale breaker and technique of unpacking thereof
CN106395371A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-02-15 无锡特恒科技有限公司 Automatic bagged material taking device
CN110466852A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-19 四川同人精工科技有限公司 A kind of sludge bag-breaking machine and its broken bag method

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