CN104081969A - Water and soil conservation method for orchard in hilly area in northwest Liaoning - Google Patents

Water and soil conservation method for orchard in hilly area in northwest Liaoning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104081969A
CN104081969A CN201410273550.0A CN201410273550A CN104081969A CN 104081969 A CN104081969 A CN 104081969A CN 201410273550 A CN201410273550 A CN 201410273550A CN 104081969 A CN104081969 A CN 104081969A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
orchard
fruit
water conservation
conservation technology
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Pending
Application number
CN201410273550.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李振宏
饶二宽
杨凯
唐洋洋
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ANHUI HUABO FOIL INDUSTRY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ANHUI HUABO FOIL INDUSTRY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410273550.0A priority Critical patent/CN104081969A/en
Publication of CN104081969A publication Critical patent/CN104081969A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a water and soil conservation method for an orchard in a hilly area in northwest Liaoning, and relates to the technical field of orchard maintenance. The method is characterized by comprising a terrace construction water-conservation technology, a fish scale pit water-conservation technology, a trenching water-conservation technology, a check dam construction water-conservation technology, a front upstream trench water-conservation technology, a vegetation covering water-conservation technology and an orchard deep-tillage and hole expanding water-conservation technology. The method is reasonable and convenient to implement, and has good effects.

Description

Orchard, a kind of Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to maintenance technology field, orchard, be specifically related to orchard, a kind of Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method.
Background technology:
Exert high south, youngster's Tiger Mountain north, Shandong low, form Mongolian plat edge, southeast side forms Dalinghe River valley floor.500~700 meters of mountain range, Pine Ridge, south height above sea level, the west and south is more dangerously steep, 1140 meters of Black Hills height above sea level; East side and Base of Liaohe Plain are joined.South, Pine Ridge is the cuttings such as little linghe, Nv Erhe, six bursts of rivers, breaking topography, and in the garden basins such as Chaoyang, Beipiao City, sand shale has "Danxia" landform to grow, and is Liaoxi Zoulang on the south mountain range, Pine Ridge to the Bohai Sea.
Northwest Liaoning area belongs to very typical In The Low Mountain-hill Region, in the plantation of such area, tends to occur that Sloping field in mountain area and mountain ridge unfertile land are many, severe water and soil erosion, and the situation such as orchard fertilizer and water condition is poor, will limit like this fruit and produce and develop to high-yield and high-efficiency.If things go on like this, the normal growth that can have influence on fruit tree is grown, and causes tree vigo(u)r to fail too early, retarded growth, output degradation.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome existing technological deficiency orchard, a kind of Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method that a kind of method is reasonable, enforcement is convenient, respond well is provided.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
Orchard, a kind of Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method, is characterized in that: comprise following methods,
Method one, build terraced fields water conservation technology: build bench terrace, comprise terracing wall, paving terraced fields face, dig through interior hook, build the main technologies such as good stalk edge, wherein keeping field face smooth is a key technology;
Method two, fish scale pit water conservation technology: under the top fruit sprayer of having planted, accomplish a kind of high outside and low outside, little tableland of semilune.The outer rim in fish scale pit is built into the stone ridge or is built up balk, and the size in fish scale pit is along with the increasing of top fruit sprayer outwards expands gradually;
Method three, the moat water conservation technology of raising: at slope garden, by contour trench digging, ditch soil is placed on outside and builds moat, in ditch, can accumulate more natural rainfall;
Method four, repair check dam water conservation technology: in the little gully in the middle of orchard, build at a certain distance several native check dams, stone check dam and wicker check dam;
Method five, the forward position moat water conservation technology that meets water: above hillside orchard, fruit tree and mountain forest boundary, dig one 0.3%-0.5% than the moat that meets water falling;
Method six, vegetation cover water conservation technology: adhering to should be really really, and woods suitable for afforestation, adheres to the combination of woods fruit, and fruit is combined with dry fruit, and drought resisting seeds are combined with non-drought resisting seeds, on the larger top of the gradient, and the fruit of should not planting, the dry fruit of should not planting, the forest of just planting.
Method seven, orchard are ploughed deeply and are expanded cave water conservation technology: Best Times for well, from planting hole outer, is ploughed deeply to extending out cave rainy season at the beginning of autumn late summer gradually, degree of depth 60-80cm, and next year interlacing is ploughed deeply, and applies fertilizer, more than mu is executed high-quality barnyard manure 5000kg in conjunction with ploughing deeply.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: very simple, easy-to-understand of above-mentioned method, and very clear, be applicable to specialty or common staff's reference and use.And very clear of the data of the demonstration of each method, convenient operation like this.The inventive method is reasonable, enforcement is convenient, respond well.
Embodiment:
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below further set forth the present invention.
Orchard, a kind of Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method, is characterized in that: comprise following methods,
Method one, build terraced fields water conservation technology: build bench terrace, comprise terracing wall, paving terraced fields face, dig through interior hook, build the main technologies such as good stalk edge, wherein keeping field face smooth is a key technology;
Method two, fish scale pit water conservation technology: under the top fruit sprayer of having planted, accomplish a kind of high outside and low outside, little tableland of semilune.The outer rim in fish scale pit is built into the stone ridge or is built up balk, and the size in fish scale pit is along with the increasing of top fruit sprayer outwards expands gradually;
Method three, the moat water conservation technology of raising: at slope garden, by contour trench digging, ditch soil is placed on outside and builds moat, in ditch, can accumulate more natural rainfall;
Method four, repair check dam water conservation technology: in the little gully in the middle of orchard, build at a certain distance several native check dams, stone check dam and wicker check dam;
Method five, the forward position moat water conservation technology that meets water: above hillside orchard, fruit tree and mountain forest boundary, dig one 0.3%-0.5% than the moat that meets water falling;
Method six, vegetation cover water conservation technology: adhering to should be really really, and woods suitable for afforestation, adheres to the combination of woods fruit, and fruit is combined with dry fruit, and drought resisting seeds are combined with non-drought resisting seeds, on the larger top of the gradient, and the fruit of should not planting, the dry fruit of should not planting, the forest of just planting.
Method seven, orchard are ploughed deeply and are expanded cave water conservation technology: Best Times for well, from planting hole outer, is ploughed deeply to extending out cave rainy season at the beginning of autumn late summer gradually, degree of depth 60-80cm, and next year interlacing is ploughed deeply, and applies fertilizer, more than mu is executed high-quality barnyard manure 5000kg in conjunction with ploughing deeply.
More than show and described general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. orchard, a Northwest Liaoning Hills And Low Mountains soil and water conservation method, is characterized in that: comprise following methods,
Method one, build terraced fields water conservation technology: build bench terrace, comprise terracing wall, paving terraced fields face, dig through interior hook, build the main technologies such as good stalk edge, wherein keeping field face smooth is a key technology;
Method two, fish scale pit water conservation technology: under the top fruit sprayer of having planted, accomplish a kind of high outside and low outside, little tableland of semilune.The outer rim in fish scale pit is built into the stone ridge or is built up balk, and the size in fish scale pit is along with the increasing of top fruit sprayer outwards expands gradually;
Method three, the moat water conservation technology of raising: at slope garden, by contour trench digging, ditch soil is placed on outside and builds moat, in ditch, can accumulate more natural rainfall;
Method four, repair check dam water conservation technology: in the little gully in the middle of orchard, build at a certain distance several native check dams, stone check dam and wicker check dam;
Method five, the forward position moat water conservation technology that meets water: above hillside orchard, fruit tree and mountain forest boundary, dig one 0.3%-0.5% than the moat that meets water falling;
Method six, vegetation cover water conservation technology: adhering to should be really really, and woods suitable for afforestation, adheres to the combination of woods fruit, and fruit is combined with dry fruit, and drought resisting seeds are combined with non-drought resisting seeds, on the larger top of the gradient, and the fruit of should not planting, the dry fruit of should not planting, the forest of just planting.
Method seven, orchard are ploughed deeply and are expanded cave water conservation technology: Best Times for well, from planting hole outer, is ploughed deeply to extending out cave rainy season at the beginning of autumn late summer gradually, degree of depth 60-80cm, and next year interlacing is ploughed deeply, and applies fertilizer, more than mu is executed high-quality barnyard manure 5000kg in conjunction with ploughing deeply.
CN201410273550.0A 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Water and soil conservation method for orchard in hilly area in northwest Liaoning Pending CN104081969A (en)

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CN201410273550.0A CN104081969A (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Water and soil conservation method for orchard in hilly area in northwest Liaoning

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CN201410273550.0A CN104081969A (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Water and soil conservation method for orchard in hilly area in northwest Liaoning

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104838947A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-19 江西省水土保持科学研究院 Construction method for keeping ecological orchard by water and soil of south red earth hilly area
CN105875321A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-24 张先文 Land preparation method for efficient survival of camellia oleifera forest

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1416669A (en) * 2001-11-06 2003-05-14 王祥 Cultivation of yambean stem for water and soil conservation in dam and slope
CN1565165A (en) * 2003-07-04 2005-01-19 穆桢子 A plant cultivation method
CN1680664A (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-10-12 深圳市颐和美地生态环境有限公司 Slope planting engineering structure with nonwoven fabrics for protection of culture media
CN201128850Y (en) * 2007-11-23 2008-10-08 吉华军 Ecological brick for water and soil conservation in desert
CN101617620A (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-01-06 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Agriculture and animal husbandry crisscross region barrow-band multiband type protection forest combining configuration method
CN101713179A (en) * 2009-11-23 2010-05-26 云南省农业科学院热区生态农业研究所 Method for reinforcing soil and stabilizing water for runoff pond-grass network in deteriorated mountain land of dry and hot river valley of Chinsha river
CN102499003A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-06-20 北京师范大学 Method for restoring vegetation on barren mountains and sloping fields in arid and semi-arid regions
CN102972116A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-03-20 云南云澳达坚果开发有限公司 Conservation method of water and soil on hilly lands
CN103828573A (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-06-04 固镇县万佳生态养殖场 Liaoning northwest low hilly area fruit garden water and soil conservation method

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1416669A (en) * 2001-11-06 2003-05-14 王祥 Cultivation of yambean stem for water and soil conservation in dam and slope
CN1565165A (en) * 2003-07-04 2005-01-19 穆桢子 A plant cultivation method
CN1680664A (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-10-12 深圳市颐和美地生态环境有限公司 Slope planting engineering structure with nonwoven fabrics for protection of culture media
CN201128850Y (en) * 2007-11-23 2008-10-08 吉华军 Ecological brick for water and soil conservation in desert
CN101617620A (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-01-06 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Agriculture and animal husbandry crisscross region barrow-band multiband type protection forest combining configuration method
CN101713179A (en) * 2009-11-23 2010-05-26 云南省农业科学院热区生态农业研究所 Method for reinforcing soil and stabilizing water for runoff pond-grass network in deteriorated mountain land of dry and hot river valley of Chinsha river
CN102499003A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-06-20 北京师范大学 Method for restoring vegetation on barren mountains and sloping fields in arid and semi-arid regions
CN102972116A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-03-20 云南云澳达坚果开发有限公司 Conservation method of water and soil on hilly lands
CN103828573A (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-06-04 固镇县万佳生态养殖场 Liaoning northwest low hilly area fruit garden water and soil conservation method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104838947A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-19 江西省水土保持科学研究院 Construction method for keeping ecological orchard by water and soil of south red earth hilly area
CN105875321A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-24 张先文 Land preparation method for efficient survival of camellia oleifera forest

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