CN104073953A - Production method of superfine yarn-dyed cotton carbon Moge fabric with superhigh density - Google Patents

Production method of superfine yarn-dyed cotton carbon Moge fabric with superhigh density Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104073953A
CN104073953A CN201410290686.2A CN201410290686A CN104073953A CN 104073953 A CN104073953 A CN 104073953A CN 201410290686 A CN201410290686 A CN 201410290686A CN 104073953 A CN104073953 A CN 104073953A
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speed
motor vehicle
yarn
fabric
cotton
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CN201410290686.2A
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CN104073953B (en
Inventor
刘锁银
崔孝南
颜琛
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Jiangsu Paula Clothing Co. Ltd.
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JIANGYIN FIRSTEXTILE CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a production method of a superfine yarn-dyed cotton carbon Moge fabric with superhigh density. A warp-wise material of the fabric selects 5.8 tex long stapled cotton for compact spinning; and a weft-wise material of the fabric selects 4.9 tex long stapled cotton for compact spinning. The whole technological process of the fabric comprises spinning-bobbin loosening-dyeing-warping-slashing-weaving-finishing, wherein the slashing is non-PVA slashing; and the finishing is performed by liquid ammonia and sanding. The pure-cotton superfine yarn-dyed thin fabric with superhigh density has the advantages of natural property, environmental protection, high grade, luxury, stable size, lightness, fine and tidy grains, soft hand feeling and polyester peach skin feeling.

Description

Ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process.
Background technology
Along with present growth in the living standard, increasing people start to pursue pure natural, high-grade dress is enjoyed.On market, the textile special thin special single thread yarn-dyed fabric line density of high-grade spring and summer shirt is 6.5-8.3tex, through close+filling density < 1300/10 cm, in FZ/T 13027-2013 < < high-count and high-density yarn-dyed fabric > > standard, stipulate the scope of high-count and high-density yarn-dyed fabric: line density≤11.8 tex(of warp thread (line) or weft yarn (line) or≤7.4 tex * 2), yarn woven fabric density (warp+latitude) >=866 piece/10 cm(or half line, wire fabric density >=770 piece/10 cm) yarn-dyed fabric.If single thread line density is lower than 6.5 tex, weft density sum is over 1380, due to many condition restriction such as technique, equipment, operation, costs, form look and knitted the invisible threshold of industry, only have the top enterprise of minority to produce both at home and abroad, Japan's the highest single thread yarn-dyed fabric line density is 5.2 tex.My department caters to consumers in general's consumption idea, march top high-end market, show the strength of enterprise, developed ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth, warp-wise material selection line density 5.8 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, broadwise is selected line density 4.9 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, soft yarns is bright and clean, 944 * 630/10cm of thread count, gross density reaches 1574/10cm, adopts 2/1 twill-weave; Fabric is as thin as cicada's wings, and cloth cover has a close grain clean, and peach face is soft smooth elegant, has stronger hygroscopicity, gas permeability, comfortableness.Adopt blue white square flower type, color and luster is simple and elegant gives people graceful pure and fresh sense.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, a kind of ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process is provided, used the single thread of 5.8tex * 4.9tex, fabric is as thin as cicada's wings, cloth cover has a close grain clean, peach face is soft smooth elegant, has stronger hygroscopicity, gas permeability, comfortableness.
Described invention is achieved in that
A ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth for low-carbon environment-friendly, warp-wise material selection 5.8 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, broadwise is selected 4.9 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings,
Product specification: 5.8tex * 4.9tex/940 root/10CM * 620 piece/10CM/145CM, fabric 100% cotton textiles, grammes per square metre 88g/m 2; 13680 of total quantity of warps, wherein limit yarn 96 * 2.
Be organized as 2/1 twill left to right, limit is organized as 2/1+1/2 rib stitch, selvedge is closely not loose; Warp-wise tightness 83.76%, broadwise tightness 50.77%, total tightness degree 90.99%, belongs to the 6th structure phase; Close structure and not inflexible, have a close grain clean, quality is merrily and lightheartedly elegant; Weaving Difficulty Index 31.8, meets the low speed of a motor vehicle of air-jet loom, small tension receiving coil high efficiency is weaved.Product lines is clear, as thin as cicada's wings, soft and smooth as silk, elegant.
Warp thread is arranged: each 96 of any dyed yarns in limit, left and right, body (16 of 1+gorgeous blue 2+extra whites of 22+gorgeous blue 2+extra white of 6+light blue 24+gorgeous blue 1+light blue 24+extra white of extra white) * 137 flower, add head (5 of 6+light blue 24+gorgeous blue 1+light blue 24+extra whites of extra white), warp thread color cycle is 98.Weft yarn arrangement: (14 of gorgeous blue 1+light blue 16+extra whites of 1+14+light blue 16+ of gorgeous blue 1+extra white of gorgeous blue 1+extra white).
The whole technological process of this fabric comprises:
Spinning → metal → dyeing → warping → sizing → weave → arrange
Spinning process
Raw cotton: blowing (FA002 → FA106 → FA103 → FA022 → FA106C → FA046 → FA142) → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning A186F → pre-and A272C → silver lap A191 → combing A201B → drafting A272F (twice) → rove A454 → spun yarn FA506A → winder Japan village field No.21C-5
Because raw yarn yarn count is thin, in yarn cross section, contained number of fiber is few, for reaching resultant yarn requirement, improves semi-products yarn quality, guarantees that raw yarn is cotton assorted few, and bar is evenly dry, and powerful high, the powerful coefficient of variation is little, and combing sense is strong; During raw material choice, must select Xinjiang Long staple cotton and Egyptian cotton that property indices is good,
For guaranteeing the steady quality of finished product yarn, each technique all adopts " lower speed, little drawing-off, gently quantitative ", simultaneously because fiber is longer, easily occurs fiber broken end wrapping phenomena in each procedure, thereby must the strict humiture of controlling workshop.
Opening picking is for avoiding fiber to sustain damage, and " tuftlet captures, and how mixed how loose, tip-tap is beaten less, thin hello light comb " hinders fiber as far as possible less, arranges objectionable impurities more; Comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning " gently quantitative, strong combing, large speed ratio, tightly spaces, how except matter, few damage, shifts "; Combing " low velocity, gently quantitative, suitably fall ", reduce the short-and-medium suede of combing sliver, cotton junction impurity content, further improve the inherent quality of sliver; more Rove " little quantitative, small tension receiving coil, little back area draft, larger twist factor ", the unexpected elongation and disconnected bar while reducing sliver traction; Spun yarn " little ingot speed, little rings, light steel traveler ", reduces spinning tension and reduces broken end, improves yarn quality.
Actual spinning quality detects data and is better than combing compact spinning true qualities woven yarn top grade standard-required in FZ/T12018-2009.
Line density tex Bar is done cv% Details (50%) Slubbing (+50%) Cotton joint (+200%) Single thread fracture strength CN/tex Powerful cv% Elongation at break % Filoplume H mm
JC5.8 12.54 2.0 12.0 50 27.75 7.2 5.0 1.97
Standard JC6-6.5 16.0 ? 100 120 20.5 11.0 ? 2.6
JC4.9 14.87 59 61 122 23.2 9.8 5.0 2.05
Standard JC5-5.5 17.0 ? 170 190 19.5 12.0 ? 2.4
Pine yarn winding procedure
Adopt FADIS metal machine, CROCHI bobbin winder.Speed of a motor vehicle 550m/min, bobbin density 0.41~0.42g/cm 3.Because raw yarn strength is little, easily break end, production efficiency is lower slightly.
Dyeing process
The dyeing of 4.9tex Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production is achieved in that
Use vertical letter High Temperature High Pressure cone dyeing machine, color name is gorgeous blue BL29226, and dyeing is as follows:
Pre-treatment: high-efficiency refining agent CLARITE ONE 2g/l, caustic soda 1.5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 2g/l, 110 ℃ * 30min; Glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; Deoxidation enzyme 0.1g/l, normal temperature 15min.
Dyeing: gorgeous blue S BR BLUE NR 0.131%, K T/ Blue HF-G 133% 0.0242%,
Dispersant DKS-KPP 1.5g/l, Na 2sO 4(glauber salt) 20g/l, Na 2cO 3(soda ash) 7g/l, 60 ℃ * 30min.
Post processing: glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; 90 ℃ * 10min of acid scouring agent DK516-T 1g/l; Glacial acetic acid 0.5g/l, wet cerate DKS-DL 2g/l, 55 ℃ * 20min.
Because the ratio of distributing cotton is that 66.7% Egyptian cotton 33.3 Xinjiang are cotton, raw yarn whiteness is white; This kind white portion is less in addition, less demanding to whiteness, by adopting high-efficiency refining agent CLARITE ONE, can reach requirement whiteness, and without carrying out high-alkali pre-treatment, assurance raw yarn strength is not suffered a loss; We by test, dye before and after the variation of yarn strength, the powerful 118.8cN of dyed yarn, compared with the 113.7cN of raw yarn, brute force has increased by 4.5%, determines and adopts above-mentioned dyeing, to raw yarn strength free of losses, reduces later process production difficulty.
By above dyeing, dyed yarn COLOR FASTNESS is good, dry friction COLOR FASTNESS 4-5 level, and 4 grades of wet friction COLOR FASTNESS, other COLOR FASTNESS also reach 4 grades, meet yarn-dyed fabric standard-required.
Warping process
Use Benniger warping machines, for keeping elasticity, brute force, minimizing broken end, improve even yarn tension, during warping, want suitable adjustment of tonicity, select the suitable speed of a motor vehicle.Speed of a motor vehicle 650m/min, 100 minutes oxen of pressure, tension force is 0 li of ox.
Sizing operation
In sizing operation, total quantity of warps is many, and serious wear between warp thread adopts without PVA slurry, suitably increase concentration of slurry, reduce slurry viscosity, adopt the technological principle of " heavily coating; low-tension is gently extended ", guarantee that elasticity is good, improve yarn wear-resisting and powerful, formula of size is as follows: PR-SU:75KG, PA-5F:50KG, CP-L:25KG, AR-100:6KG, SLMO-96:3KG, volume 780L, viscosity 8-8.5 second, solid content: 17.1%.
Sizing technique adopts German ancestral gram Sizing machines, sizing speed 45m/min; 90 ℃ ± 5 ℃ of slurry groove temperatures, viscosity 8 seconds.Drying tube temperature is 90 ℃ of preliminary dryings, 100 ℃ of main bakings; Squeezing pressure: precompressed 15CN, main pressure 20CN, side pressure 3CN; Winding tension is 1150N, percentage elongation 0.8%, and rate of sizing 14%-15%, regain 6%-7%, enhancing rate 28%, subtracts the rate of stretching 10%.
Weaving process
Use field, Tianjin coltfoal ZAX-N air-jet loom, machine heald, menopause tablet density in control, use 7 pages of comprehensive, menopause tablets, reducing filoplume tangles, the strict workshop moisture temperature of controlling, temperature is controlled at 28~32 ℃, and humidity is controlled at 65~70%. and adjusts wefting insertion technological parameter, suitably reduce main jet air pressure, guarantee that weft yarn is not blown disconnected; Suitably enlarged opening amount and warp tension, guarantee that opening is clear, and weft yarn passes through shed open smoothly; Harness threading is not touching under the prerequisite of reed cap, and reach makes opening clear as far as possible, reduces three and jumps fault; On cloth machine, lower cloth pressing-on roller all will clean totally, in order to avoid cause cloth cover in weaving process to skid.Concrete technology is as follows: rotating speed 530rpm, efficiency 83%, warp tension 1400N, back rest height 100mm, front and back NO.6, warp stop frame height NO.5, front and back NO.10,290 ° of opening times, opening amount 76+4, heald frame height 111-2.
Rear whole operation
Finishing technique flow process:
Singe → destarch → liquefied ammonia → PH washing → tentering → sanding → stentering forming → preshrunk in advance
Singe and adopt German OSTHOFF (Ao Siduofu) gassing frame, improve cloth cover fineness, two-sided singing,
Effect reaches 4 grades, speed of a motor vehicle 120m/min, and burner mode 1 is positive 1 anti-, burner position 2, flame intensity 16mbar, cropping is dry; Destarch adopts field, Japanese TSUDAKOMA(Tianjin coltfoal) desizing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, the temperature 60 C of banking up, the time 45min that banks up, 95 ℃ of washing temperature, amylase 6g/L, nonionic penetrant 8g/L; Liquefied ammonia adopts Italian PermaFix liquid ammonia finishing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 25m/min, and ammonia largest loop amount 600Kg/h, width 144-147cm falls; PH washing adopts field, Japanese Tianjin coltfoal desizing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 60m/min, 90 ℃ of temperature; Tentering adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts in advance) setting machine, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, width 148cm falls; Sanding adopts Italian CROSTA(Crouse spy) roughing-up machine, speed of a motor vehicle 12m/min, two-sided sanding, roller speed 40r/min, carbon roller rotating speed 400r/min; Sizing arranges and adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts) setting machine, the speed of a motor vehicle: 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, the width 148cm that falls, citric acid 0.8g/l, the federal Ke Te in softener DT-50B(Shijiazhuang) 20g/l; Preshrunk adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts) preshrinking machine, conscientiously carry out the test of the front washing of product contracting DIMENSIONAL STABILITY, carry out process monitoring, the qualification rate of guaranteeing to shrink reaches 100%, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, width 145-148cm falls.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
With same specification ring spinning ratio: filoplume reduces 50-80%, singly increases by 20% by force, and disconnected stretching improved 5-15%, wear-resisting raising 15-20%, can realize without PVA sizing, high efficiency jet weave, singe, liquefied ammonia, one side sanding finishing; After dyeing, yarn luster is bright-coloured, and COLOR FASTNESS is good, meets look and knits high-count and high-density standard.
The fabric that the present invention makes, natural environmental-protective, high-grade luxury, dimensionally stable, merrily and lightheartedly elegant, have a close grain clean, soft, have a velvet.
Spinning, bobbin dyeing, without PVA sizing, high efficiency jet weave, rear arrangement is singed, the production technology of the ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth of liquefied ammonia, carbon element sanding, technological operation is simple, reduces as much as possible raw-material damage, improves fabric quality.Saved cost, if use the strand with equal-specification 2.9tex * 2, the cost of raw material can increase by 3.5 times.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
A ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth for low-carbon environment-friendly, warp-wise material selection 5.8 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, broadwise is selected 4.9 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings,
Product specification: 5.8tex * 4.9tex/940 root/10CM * 620 piece/10CM/145CM, fabric 100% cotton textiles, grammes per square metre 88g/m 2; 13680 of total quantity of warps, wherein limit yarn 96 * 2.
Be organized as 2/1 twill left to right, limit is organized as 2/1+1/2 rib stitch, selvedge is closely not loose; Warp-wise tightness 83.76%, broadwise tightness 50.77%, total tightness degree 90.99%, belongs to the 6th structure phase; Close structure and not inflexible, have a close grain clean, quality is merrily and lightheartedly elegant; Weaving Difficulty Index 31.8, meets the low speed of a motor vehicle of air-jet loom, small tension receiving coil high efficiency is weaved.Product lines is clear, as thin as cicada's wings, soft and smooth as silk, elegant.
Warp thread is arranged: each 96 of any dyed yarns in limit, left and right, body (16 of 1+gorgeous blue 2+extra whites of 22+gorgeous blue 2+extra white of 6+light blue 24+gorgeous blue 1+light blue 24+extra white of extra white) * 137 flower, add head (5 of 6+light blue 24+gorgeous blue 1+light blue 24+extra whites of extra white), warp thread color cycle is 98.Weft yarn arrangement: (14 of gorgeous blue 1+light blue 16+extra whites of 1+14+light blue 16+ of gorgeous blue 1+extra white of gorgeous blue 1+extra white).
The whole technological process of this fabric comprises:
Spinning → metal → dyeing → warping → sizing → weave → arrange
Spinning process
Raw cotton: blowing (FA002 → FA106 → FA103 → FA022 → FA106C → FA046 → FA142) → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning A186F → pre-and A272C → silver lap A191 → combing A201B → drafting A272F (twice) → rove A454 → spun yarn FA506A → winder Japan village field No.21C-5
Because raw yarn yarn count is thin, in yarn cross section, contained number of fiber is few, for reaching resultant yarn requirement, improves semi-products yarn quality, guarantees that raw yarn is cotton assorted few, and bar is evenly dry, and powerful high, the powerful coefficient of variation is little, and combing sense is strong; During raw material choice, must select Xinjiang Long staple cotton and Egyptian cotton that property indices is good,
For guaranteeing the steady quality of finished product yarn, each technique all adopts " lower speed, little drawing-off, gently quantitative ", simultaneously because fiber is longer, easily occurs fiber broken end wrapping phenomena in each procedure, thereby must the strict humiture of controlling workshop.
Opening picking is for avoiding fiber to sustain damage, and " tuftlet captures, and how mixed how loose, tip-tap is beaten less, thin hello light comb " hinders fiber as far as possible less, arranges objectionable impurities more; Comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning " gently quantitative, strong combing, large speed ratio, tightly spaces, how except matter, few damage, shifts "; Combing " low velocity, gently quantitative, suitably fall ", reduce the short-and-medium suede of combing sliver, cotton junction impurity content, further improve the inherent quality of sliver; more Rove " little quantitative, small tension receiving coil, little back area draft, larger twist factor ", the unexpected elongation and disconnected bar while reducing sliver traction; Spun yarn " little ingot speed, little rings, light steel traveler ", reduces spinning tension and reduces broken end, improves yarn quality.
Actual spinning quality detects data and is better than combing compact spinning true qualities woven yarn top grade standard-required in FZ/T12018-2009.
Line density tex Bar is done cv% Details (50%) Slubbing (+50%) Cotton joint (+200%) Single thread fracture strength CN/tex Powerful cv% Elongation at break % Filoplume H mm
JC5.8 12.54 2.0 12.0 50 27.75 7.2 5.0 1.97
Standard JC6-6.5 16.0 ? 100 120 20.5 11.0 ? 2.6
JC4.9 14.87 59 61 122 23.2 9.8 5.0 2.05
Standard JC5-5.5 17.0 ? 170 190 19.5 12.0 ? 2.4
Pine yarn winding procedure
Adopt FADIS metal machine, CROCHI bobbin winder.Speed of a motor vehicle 550m/min, bobbin density 0.41~0.42g/cm 3.Because raw yarn strength is little, easily break end, production efficiency is lower slightly.
Dyeing process
The dyeing of 4.9tex Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production is achieved in that
Use vertical letter High Temperature High Pressure cone dyeing machine, color name is gorgeous blue BL29226, and dyeing is as follows:
Pre-treatment: high-efficiency refining agent CLARITE ONE 2g/l, caustic soda 1.5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 2g/l, 110 ℃ * 30min; Glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; Deoxidation enzyme 0.1g/l, normal temperature 15min.
Dyeing: gorgeous blue S BR BLUE NR 0.131%, K T/ Blue HF-G 133% 0.0242%,
Dispersant DKS-KPP 1.5g/l, Na 2sO 4(glauber salt) 20g/l, Na 2cO 3(soda ash) 7g/l, 60 ℃ * 30min.
Post processing: glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; 90 ℃ * 10min of acid scouring agent DK516-T 1g/l; Glacial acetic acid 0.5g/l, wet cerate DKS-DL 2g/l, 55 ℃ * 20min.
Because the ratio of distributing cotton is that 66.7% Egyptian cotton 33.3 Xinjiang are cotton, raw yarn whiteness is white; This kind white portion is less in addition, less demanding to whiteness, by adopting high-efficiency refining agent CLARITE ONE, can reach requirement whiteness, and without carrying out high-alkali pre-treatment, assurance raw yarn strength is not suffered a loss; We by test, dye before and after the variation of yarn strength, the powerful 118.8cN of dyed yarn, compared with the 113.7cN of raw yarn, brute force has increased by 4.5%, determines and adopts above-mentioned dyeing, to raw yarn strength free of losses, reduces later process production difficulty.
By above dyeing, dyed yarn COLOR FASTNESS is good, dry friction COLOR FASTNESS 4-5 level, and 4 grades of wet friction COLOR FASTNESS, other COLOR FASTNESS also reach 4 grades, meet yarn-dyed fabric standard-required.
Warping process
Use Benniger warping machines, for keeping elasticity, brute force, minimizing broken end, improve even yarn tension, during warping, want suitable adjustment of tonicity, select the suitable speed of a motor vehicle.Speed of a motor vehicle 650m/min, 100 minutes oxen of pressure, tension force is 0 li of ox.
Sizing operation
In sizing operation, total quantity of warps is many, and serious wear between warp thread adopts without PVA slurry, suitably increase concentration of slurry, reduce slurry viscosity, adopt the technological principle of " heavily coating; low-tension is gently extended ", guarantee that elasticity is good, improve yarn wear-resisting and powerful, formula of size is as follows: PR-SU:75KG, PA-5F:50KG, CP-L:25KG, AR-100:6KG, SLMO-96:3KG, volume 780L, viscosity 8-8.5 second, solid content: 17.1%.
Sizing technique adopts German ancestral gram Sizing machines, sizing speed 45m/min; 90 ℃ ± 5 ℃ of slurry groove temperatures, viscosity 8 seconds.Drying tube temperature is 90 ℃ of preliminary dryings, 100 ℃ of main bakings; Squeezing pressure: precompressed 15CN, main pressure 20CN, side pressure 3CN; Winding tension is 1150N, percentage elongation 0.8%, and rate of sizing 14%-15%, regain 6%-7%, enhancing rate 28%, subtracts the rate of stretching 10%.
Weaving process
Use field, Tianjin coltfoal ZAX-N air-jet loom, machine heald, menopause tablet density in control, use 7 pages of comprehensive, menopause tablets, reducing filoplume tangles, the strict workshop moisture temperature of controlling, temperature is controlled at 28~32 ℃, and humidity is controlled at 65~70%. and adjusts wefting insertion technological parameter, suitably reduce main jet air pressure, guarantee that weft yarn is not blown disconnected; Suitably enlarged opening amount and warp tension, guarantee that opening is clear, and weft yarn passes through shed open smoothly; Harness threading is not touching under the prerequisite of reed cap, and reach makes opening clear as far as possible, reduces three and jumps fault; On cloth machine, lower cloth pressing-on roller all will clean totally, in order to avoid cause cloth cover in weaving process to skid.Concrete technology is as follows: rotating speed 530rpm, efficiency 83%, warp tension 1400N, back rest height 100mm, front and back NO.6, warp stop frame height NO.5, front and back NO.10,290 ° of opening times, opening amount 76+4, heald frame height 111-2.
Rear whole operation
Finishing technique flow process:
Singe → destarch → liquefied ammonia → PH washing → tentering → sanding → stentering forming → preshrunk in advance
Singe and adopt German OSTHOFF (Ao Siduofu) gassing frame, improve cloth cover fineness, two-sided singing,
Effect reaches 4 grades, speed of a motor vehicle 120m/min, and burner mode 1 is positive 1 anti-, burner position 2, flame intensity 16mbar, cropping is dry; Destarch adopts field, Japanese TSUDAKOMA(Tianjin coltfoal) desizing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, the temperature 60 C of banking up, the time 45min that banks up, 95 ℃ of washing temperature, amylase 6g/L, nonionic penetrant 8g/L; Liquefied ammonia adopts Italian PermaFix liquid ammonia finishing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 25m/min, and ammonia largest loop amount 600Kg/h, width 144-147cm falls; PH washing adopts field, Japanese Tianjin coltfoal desizing machine, speed of a motor vehicle 60m/min, 90 ℃ of temperature; Tentering adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts in advance) setting machine, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, width 148cm falls; Sanding adopts Italian CROSTA(Crouse spy) roughing-up machine, speed of a motor vehicle 12m/min, two-sided sanding, roller speed 40r/min, carbon roller rotating speed 400r/min; Sizing arranges and adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts) setting machine, the speed of a motor vehicle: 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, the width 148cm that falls, citric acid 0.8g/l, the federal Ke Te in softener DT-50B(Shijiazhuang) 20g/l; Preshrunk adopts German MONFORTS(Monforts) preshrinking machine, conscientiously carry out the test of the front washing of product contracting DIMENSIONAL STABILITY, carry out process monitoring, the qualification rate of guaranteeing to shrink reaches 100%, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, width 145-148cm falls.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
With same specification ring spinning ratio: filoplume reduces 50-80%, singly increases by 20% by force, and disconnected stretching improved 5-15%, wear-resisting raising 15-20%, can realize without PVA sizing, high efficiency jet weave, singe, liquefied ammonia, one side sanding finishing; After dyeing, yarn luster is bright-coloured, and COLOR FASTNESS is good, meets look and knits high-count and high-density standard.
The fabric that the present invention makes, natural environmental-protective, high-grade luxury, dimensionally stable, merrily and lightheartedly elegant, have a close grain clean, soft, have a velvet.
Spinning, bobbin dyeing, without PVA sizing, high efficiency jet weave, rear arrangement is singed, the production technology of the ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth of liquefied ammonia, carbon element sanding, technological operation is simple, reduces as much as possible raw-material damage, improves fabric quality.Saved cost, if use the strand with equal-specification 2.9tex * 2, the cost of raw material can increase by 3.5 times.
By self knowhow of Wo Si R&D team, consult related data, designed a set of complete technological process.Product meets GB 18401 < < National Fundamental Safety Technical Standard For Textiles > > category-Bs and the requirement of FZ/T 13027-2013 < < high-count and high-density yarn-dyed fabric > > Grade A.
Table 1 physicochemical property requires the physicochemical property of product
Table 2 appearance requirement

Claims (5)

1. a ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon grinds lattice cloth production process, it is characterized in that: its fabric warp-wise material selection 5.8 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, broadwise is selected 4.9 tex long-staple cotton compact spinnings, longitude and latitude gross density reaches 1574/10cm, and the whole technological process of this fabric comprises: spinning → loose yarn winder → dyeing → warping → sizing → weave → arrange.
2. ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process according to claim 1, is characterized in that: product specification: 5.8tex * 4.9tex/944 root/10CM * 630 piece/10CM/145CM, fabric 100% cotton textiles, grammes per square metre 88g/m 2; 13680 of total quantity of warps, wherein limit yarn 96 * 2;
Be organized as 2/1 twill left to right, limit is organized as 2/1+1/2 rib stitch, selvedge is closely not loose; Warp-wise tightness 83.76%, broadwise tightness 50.77%, total tightness degree 90.99%, belongs to the 6th structure phase.
3. ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon according to claim 1 grinds lattice cloth production process, it is characterized in that: product is through liquefied ammonia+sanding finishing, adopt liquid ammonia finishing to improve the wear-resisting and TEAR STRENGTH of fabric, improve product feel, for the sanding finishing of 5.8tex * 4.9tex product provides possibility;
Described spinning process
Raw cotton: blowing → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning → in advance also → silver lap → combing → drafting → rove → spun yarn → winder;
Described loose yarn winding procedure
Speed of a motor vehicle 550m/min, bobbin density 0.41~0.42g/cm 3;
Described dyeing process
The dyeing of 4.9tex Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production is achieved in that
Dyeing is as follows:
Pre-treatment: high-efficiency refining agent 2g/l, caustic soda 1.5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 2g/l, 110 ℃ * 30min;
Glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; Deoxidation enzyme 0.1g/l, normal temperature 15min;
Dyeing: dyestuff, dispersant 1.5g/l, glauber salt 20g/l, soda ash 7g/l, 60 ℃ * 30min;
Post processing: glacial acetic acid 3g/l, 50 ℃ * 10min; 90 ℃ * 10min of acid scouring agent 1g/l; Glacial acetic acid 0.5g/l, wet cerate 2g/l, 55 ℃ * 20min;
Warping process
Speed of a motor vehicle 650m/min, pressure 5MPa;
Rear whole operation
Finishing technique flow process: singe → destarch → liquefied ammonia → pH washing → tentering → sanding → stentering forming → preshrunk in advance.
4. ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sizing operation adopts without PVA slurry; Sizing speed 45m/min; Drying tube temperature is 90 ℃ of preliminary dryings, 100 ℃ of main bakings; Squeezing pressure: precompressed 15CN, main pressure 20CN, side pressure 3CN; Winding tension is 1150N, percentage elongation 0.8%, rate of sizing 14%-15%, regain 6%-7%; 90 ℃ ± 5 ℃ of slurry groove temperatures, viscosity 9 seconds.
5. ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon according to claim 3 grinds lattice cloth production process, it is characterized in that: in described finishing process:
Singe and adopt two-sided singing, speed of a motor vehicle 120m/min, burner mode 1 is positive 1 anti-, burner position 2, flame intensity 16mbar, cropping is dry;
Destarch speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, the temperature 60 C of banking up, the time 45min that banks up, 95 ℃ of washing temperature, amylase 6g/L, nonionic penetrant 8g/L;
Liquefied ammonia speed of a motor vehicle 25m/min, ammonia largest loop amount 600Kg/h, width 144-147cm falls;
PH washing speed of a motor vehicle 60m/min, 90 ℃ of temperature;
Tentering speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm in advance, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, and 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, width 148cm falls;
Sanding speed of a motor vehicle 12m/min, two-sided sanding, roller speed 40r/min, carbon roller rotating speed 400r/min;
Sizing arranges the speed of a motor vehicle: 50m/min, rolls power 30N/mm, 80 ℃ of preliminary drying temperature, 120 ℃ of drying room temperature, on air quantity 90% time 80%, humidity 9%, the width 148cm that falls, citric acid 0.8g/l, softener 20g/l;
Preshrunk speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min, width 145-148cm falls.
CN201410290686.2A 2014-06-26 2014-06-26 Ultra-fine high density look brocade carbon mill lattice cloth production process Expired - Fee Related CN104073953B (en)

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CN104480612A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 江苏瓯堡纺织染整有限公司 Wool-like fabric and production process thereof
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CN109763241A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-05-17 嘉兴市鸣业纺织有限公司 A kind of latitude bullet washing flannelette material manufacturing technique
CN109763241B (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-12-15 嘉兴市鸣业纺织有限公司 Production process of weft-elastic water-washed velvet fabric
CN109778532A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-05-21 浙江三元纺织有限公司 A kind of U.S. washable pro-skin of cotton easily arranges piece a production method for fragrant feel yarn dyed fabric
CN112176498A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-05 鲁泰纺织股份有限公司 Breathable and cool pure cotton yarn-dyed fabric and production method thereof

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