CN104072017A - Hydrophobic inorganic gel powder compounded multifunctional insulating mortar, as well as application and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Hydrophobic inorganic gel powder compounded multifunctional insulating mortar, as well as application and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104072017A
CN104072017A CN201410337134.2A CN201410337134A CN104072017A CN 104072017 A CN104072017 A CN 104072017A CN 201410337134 A CN201410337134 A CN 201410337134A CN 104072017 A CN104072017 A CN 104072017A
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heat preservation
hydrophobic type
inorganic adhesive
type inorganic
thermal insulation
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王祥林
王磊
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王祥林
王磊
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Abstract

The invention relates to hydrophobic inorganic gel powder compounded multifunctional insulating mortar, as well as application and a preparation method thereof. The insulating mortar comprises the following raw materials: modified light calcium carbonate powder, monox aluminum powder, an acrylic ester emulsion, an organic polymer cementing material and additives; the raw materials are mixed and prepared to obtain the mortar. The method comprises the following steps: sucking the modified light calcium carbonate powder and the monox aluminum powder into a mixing agitation tank for mixing agitation through vacuum negative-pressure equipment; sucking the acrylic ester emulsion, the organic polymer cementing material and the additives into the mixing agitation tank through the vacuum negative-pressure equipment; finally carrying out mixing agitation at the ordinary temperature to prepare the hydrophobic inorganic gel powder multifunctional insulating mortar. The insulating mortar can be added with different fillers, expanded perlite and polystyrene granules according to the requirements of fire-resistant grades, so as to be compounded into thermal insulation mortar materials for the exterior wall and the roof of a building enclosure. The insulating mortar, the application and the preparation method have the advantages that the energy-saving effect is obvious; the waterproof, air-permeable, fire-resistant and thermal insulation abilities are good; the operation such as mortar and sand pulp production and on-site construction is convenient; the production cost and application cost are low.

Description

Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry and application and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry and application and preparation method, be specially adapted to fire prevention in building, water-impervious, ventilative and heat-insulation and heat-preservation occasion, belong to architectural exterior-protecting construction field of energy-saving technology.
Background technology
As important energy-saving building technology, exterior-wall heat insulation has been subject to worldwide great attention, and various countries have all started the actual implementation to the energy-saving index of construction wall.Along with people are more and more higher to the requirement of house heat-insulation and heat-preservation, develop into gradually a door system energy-saving building technology, in order to improve comfortable for living, extend building life, heat while reducing heating, cooling and the loss of cold air, thus reach the object that reduces energy consumption.Existing thermal insulation layer material function is single, there is no hydrophobic function, during use, need increase by one water-proof coating, can cause like this ventilation property poor, the intersection of thermal insulation layer and float coat can produce condensation and dewfall, thereby cause freeze-thaw damage, or after solidifying because water-absorbent is strong, self does not have water-proof function, once penetrating in lagging material, rainwater just can not play thermal insulation function, cause the destruction to material binding power, the decay of each layer of cohesive force of initiating system, system weather resistance reduces.When liquid water can't get out in lagging material, the organic gel gel material of regeneration will dissolve in thermal insulation layer, the in the situation that of sun direct irradiation, can produce gas expansion or oxidation, impel the layering of material hollowing, explosion, even mouldy coming off, occurs that the architectural exterior-protecting construction that is difficult to make up is incubated the out of control of quality outward.
In Production of Ceramics process, produce a large amount of discarded styrofoam in a large amount of waste ceramic sheets and society, also can bring pollution to environment, as carried out the production cost that utilization of waste material can reduce product, meet the Developing Circulation Economy that government proposes, the requirement of building a conservation-minded society simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide that the energy-conservation effect of architectural exterior-protecting construction is preferably a kind of to be had from water-repellancy, good permeability, fireproof heat insulating performance is good, the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry that production cost is low, after adding different stopping composition composite, can obtain and meet the outer wall thermal insulation mortar that national A1 fire-protection standard has fire prevention, insulation, hydrophobic type, and meet building flat roof deck or the pitched roof hydrophobic type thermal insulation material of national B1 level fire-protection standard.
The concrete technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention is:
A kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, its raw material comprises modified and light Paris white 48-58%, silicon oxide aluminium powder 5-10%, acrylic ester emulsion 2-5%, organic polymer gelling material 25-35% and auxiliary agent 0.4-0.8%, by described raw material through mixed preparing form slurry.
Further technical scheme is:
Described hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, described modified and light Paris white refers to sodium stearate, under high temperature melting state, light weight calcium molecule parcel is carried out to modification, belongs to the inorganic thermal insulation material of hydrophobic type.
Described hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, described silicon oxide aluminium powder is ceramics powder, is to process powder with the waste ceramic sheet of silicon oxide-containing, aluminum oxide polymkeric substance.
Described hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, described acrylic ester emulsion is modification acrylate multiple copolymer macromolecule emulsion; Described organic polymer gelling material is seaweed gel and HPMC, accounts for respectively 15-20% and 10-15% of heat preservation slurry gross weight; Described seaweed gel is that the polymer organic gel gel material of making after chemical treatment with marine algae plant is made; Described HPMC belongs to water-retaining admixture.
Described hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, described auxiliary agent is poly-the third fiber and sanitas, accounts for respectively 0.2-0.4% of heat preservation slurry gross weight.
Preparation method's technical scheme of a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention is: first with negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck modified and light Paris white and silicon oxide aluminium powder to mix and blend in mix and blend tank, by negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck acrylic ester emulsion, organic polymer gelling material and auxiliary agent in mix and blend tank again, finally mix and blend at normal temperatures, is prepared into hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder multifunctional heat insulating slurry.
A kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention is done the application of heat preservation mortar for outer wall material, and the weight ratio of its thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.40~0.48: 0.1~0.2: 0.02~0.03: 0.45~0.55.
The technical scheme that a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention is done the application of heat preservation mortar for outer wall material is that the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.45:0.16:0.026:0.50;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, then, by groove tank car, carries and on-the-spotly construct in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, finally construction in time at the scene;
Described solid air entrapment agent is polyphenyl smalls, and its granularity is less than or equal to 2 ㎜.
A kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention is done the application of the thermal insulation mortar material of building slope, flat roof deck, and the weight ratio of its thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.6~0.65: 0.057~0.062: 0.6~0.7.
The technical scheme of application that a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention is used as the thermal insulation mortar material of building slope, flat roof deck is that the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.63:0.06:0.68;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to the thermal insulation mortar that building slope, flat roof deck are used, then, by groove tank car, carries on-the-spot construction in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, granular polystyrene are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into the thermal insulation mortar that building slope, flat roof deck are used, finally construction in time at the scene;
The granularity of described granular polystyrene is greater than 2 ㎜, is less than or equal to 5 ㎜.
Technique effect of the present invention is:
1, inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry material formulation is unique, do not selecting under expensive silicone based raw material condition, employing has the modified and light Paris white of hydrophobic nature and silicon oxide aluminium powder as main raw material, be mixed with heat preservation slurry, whole production technique all adopts vacuum to inhale glue, inhale powder mode, to purify production environment.Select respectively the more swollen Zhen Zhu of Peng Yan ﹑ solid air entrapment agent (the thin foam of polyphenyl) or granular polystyrene is stopping composition.(1) can make the hydrophobic type Multifunctional protective adiabator that is made into two kinds of different fire-protection ratings (A1 level and B1 level), manufacturing enterprise respectively compound preparation semi-solid packing dispatches from the factory, and the preservation period (12 months time limits) that can extend product, Site is used, and has reduced environmental pollution.(2) for meeting the demand that Large Construction consumption is large, reduce the generation of dust pollution and haze, guarantee the safe mass of building energy conservation product engineering, also can concentrate preparation to stir by concrete mixing plant, it is hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry that the base-material providing is provided, add according to demand pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent (polyphenyl smalls), ordinary Portland cement and water or granular polystyrene, the mode of production of ordinary Portland cement and water, by mortar mixing plant concentration of enterprises preparation, stirred, system production and supply, product cost performance and market have more advantage.(3) slurry is having under the sizing material mix of compound additive; can make respectively expanded perlite granule or granular polystyrene by the moistening parcel of sizing material; improved cohesive force between stopping composition; between the two, combination is more closely knit; material self has good ventilation property; can condensation-proof dewfall, hydrophobic rate reaches more than 98%, the effect that cohesive force is strong.Solved the non-water-tight technical barrier of China's tradition heat-insulating heat-preserving material, can ensure that again architectural exterior-protecting construction outer heat preservation system has good hydrofuge waterproof and fp function.
2, material of the present invention is because main material is modified and light calcium powder material, after compound by organic and inorganic gelling material, hydrophobic type active chemistry forms pointed polymkeric substance nsg layer at the microcosmic surface of material, make water molecules on its material surface, form rolling effect, avoided body of wall (comprise and add building block brick body of wall) and roofing heat preservation and insulation system to invade because of liquid water, the phenomenon that causes material structure to change Kong Gu ﹑ Fen Ceng ﹑ cracking and come off produces, and forms the novel heat insulation and preservation material of permeable watertight.In construction technology, because material has cement composition, adopt glass fiber net compacting to receive after sizing process, insulation layer surface can form cement-based polymers, cohesive force is extremely strong, has improved bonding section area and the thermal insulation layer total quality of material and basal plane, the work-ing life of having guaranteed heat-insulation and heat-preservation systems engineering.
3, in the present invention, utilize the discarded ceramic plate of numerous domestic Production of Ceramics enterprise, pass through pulverization process, make the silicon oxide aluminium powder of silicon oxide-containing, aluminum oxide polymkeric substance, and adopt discarded styrofoam to make the thin foam of polyphenyl or granular polystyrene through processing treatment, be respectively used to prepare the filling raw material in A1 level, B1 level fire-retardant heat-insulation material, be conducive to realize the raising plasticity-of material and the weather resistance of intensity and heat-insulation system.Save natural resources, reduced the cost of waste to the pollution of environment and material simultaneously, met the requirement of national development recycling economy.
4, in material of the present invention, add appropriate pure acrylate, impel thermal insulation layer material to possess polymer mortar adhesive theory, improved the snappiness of material.Under cement molecule hydration, form polymer network, improve physical organization's structure of hydrated product, alleviated internal stress, improved the Young's modulus of heat-insulation system, make it reduce the generation of microfracture.The interpolation of pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent and granular polystyrene raw material, can guarantee that two kinds of fire-protection rating lagging materials have structure closely knit, and intensity is high, cohesiveness is strong, snappiness and be difficult for the feature of efflorescence.Form from waterproof barrier structure, stoped entering of liquid water, ensure the comfortableness that buildings is used, reduced thermal conductivity, play again the effect of heat-insulation and heat-preservation.
5, material of the present invention is when application, add appropriate ordinary Portland cement at the aquation initial stage, unhydrated cement granules is just attached on the lotion of gel, condense gradually film forming, form the special key bridge effect of polymer network, impel the Young's modulus that improves heat-insulation system, alleviate internal stress, avoid the generation of microfracture and cold-heat bridge phenomenon.A1 level fire-retardant heat-insulation material is not only applied in external wall outer insulation successful, also avoids society to produce a large amount of building wastes.B1 level fire-retardant heat-insulation material is applied in Po ﹑ flat roof deck heat-insulation and heat-preservation cost performance and more has superiority, roofing capacity value is light, operational procedure reduces, reduced construction costs, changed traditional modification waterproof roll extruded sheet inversion type waterproof construction pattern, safe mass and the work-ing life of having improved architectural exterior-protecting construction.
6 ﹑ material of the present invention is to utilize the thermal insulation material of high-quality to become body of paste with lagging material organic composite, dexterously conflicting material is organically combined together.A this slurry multi-purpose multifunctional heat-insulating light material, can adopt the construction of underflow pump mode of movement cooperative mechanical, will increase substantially the efficiency of lagging material construction.Facts have proved, the supporting application of this material and aerated concrete wall, can solve metope because of water-intake rate high, the common quality defect such as body of wall is affected by cold-heat bridge, and shrinkage strain is large, gaul cracking.Product is not only applied to architectural exterior-protecting construction heat-insulation and heat-preservation, also can be applicable to boiler, pipeline, and the heat-insulation and heat-preservation of the industrial circles such as oil tank and grain depot only need add appropriate high-alumina cement in A1 level heat-insulating heat-preserving material.Product can also be made and be made into novel hydrophobic profile material, is applied on the cold district of China and the buildings of severe cold area.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is preparation method's schema of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated .
As shown in Figure 1, production and the application flow of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry are as follows:
Modified and light calcium powder, silicon oxide aluminium powder (waste ceramic powder), chemical assistant (tacryl and sanitas), organic gel liquid (seaweed gel and HPMC) are sucked in mixing stirring device by the mode that vacuum sucks in proportion, stir at normal temperatures Combined Processing, make hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry.
Meet hydrophobic type fire prevention for the exterior wall of national A1 level fire-protection standard, preparation heat insulation, lagging material is to become creme after hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is added to pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent mix and blend, through packing and dispatch from the factory after the assay was approved, add at the construction field (site) ordinary Portland cement and water.
The slope, hydrophobic type insulation for flat roof deck, the preparation heat insulation, fire-retardant material that meet national B1 level fire-protection standard are to become creme after hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is added to granular polystyrene mix and blend; through packing and dispatch from the factory after the assay was approved, add at the construction field (site) ordinary Portland cement and water.
Embodiment 1: be the basic embodiment of a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention.Its raw material comprises modified and light Paris white 48-58%, silicon oxide aluminium powder 5-10%, acrylic ester emulsion 2-5%, organic polymer gelling material 25-35% and auxiliary agent 0.4-0.8%, by described raw material through mixed preparing form slurry.
Embodiment 2: the further embodiment that is embodiment 1.Described modified and light Paris white refers to sodium stearate, under high temperature melting state, light weight calcium molecule parcel is carried out to modification, belongs to the inorganic thermal insulation material of hydrophobic type.Described silicon oxide aluminium powder is ceramics powder, is to process powder with the waste ceramic sheet of silicon oxide-containing, aluminum oxide polymkeric substance.Described acrylic ester emulsion is modification acrylate multiple copolymer macromolecule emulsion; Described organic polymer gelling material is seaweed gel and HPMC, accounts for respectively 15-20% and 10-15% of heat preservation slurry gross weight; Described seaweed gel is that the polymer organic gel gel material of making after chemical treatment with marine algae plant is made; Described HPMC belongs to water-retaining admixture.Described auxiliary agent is poly-the third fiber and sanitas, accounts for respectively 0.2-0.4% of heat preservation slurry gross weight
Embodiment 3: the basic embodiment of preparation method that is hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention.First with negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck modified and light Paris white and silicon oxide aluminium powder to mix and blend in mix and blend tank, by negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck acrylic ester emulsion, organic polymer gelling material and auxiliary agent in mix and blend tank again, finally mix and blend at normal temperatures, is prepared into hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder multifunctional heat insulating slurry.
Embodiment 4: be fired basis the present embodiment that a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder of the present invention composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is made heat preservation mortar for outer wall material.The weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.40~0.48: 0.1~0.2: 0.02~0.03: 0.45~0.55.
Embodiment 5: be the application preferred embodiment that a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder of the present invention composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is made heat preservation mortar for outer wall material.As different from Example 4, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.45:0.16:0.026:0.50;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, then, by groove tank car, carries and on-the-spotly construct in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, finally construction in time at the scene;
Described solid air entrapment agent is polyphenyl smalls, and its granularity is less than or equal to 2 ㎜.
Embodiment 6: be fired basis the present embodiment that a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder of the present invention composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is used as the thermal insulation mortar material of building slope, flat roof deck, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.6~0.65: 0.057~0.062: 0.6~0.7.
Embodiment 7: the preferred embodiment that is the application of a kind of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder of the present invention composite multifunction heat preservation slurry thermal insulation mortar material of being used as building slope and flat roof deck.As different from Example 6, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.63:0.06:0.68;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to the thermal insulation mortar that building slope and flat roof deck are used, then, by groove tank car, carries on-the-spot construction in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, pearlstone, granular polystyrene are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into the thermal insulation mortar that building slope, flat roof deck are used, finally construction in time at the scene;
The granularity of described granular polystyrene is greater than 2 ㎜, is less than or equal to 5 ㎜.
Embodiment 8: a preferred embodiment that is hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of the present invention.The concrete formula of hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of preparing 1000 ㎏ is:
1) modified and light calcium powder 580 ㎏
2) silicon oxide aluminium powder (waste ceramic powder) 100 ㎏
3) pure acrylate 25 ㎏
4) seaweed gel 180 ㎏
5) HPMC is received 150 ㎏
6) poly-the third fiber 3 ㎏
7) sanitas 4 ㎏
Embodiment 9: be hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction thermal insulation mortar application preferred embodiment for an exterior wall.In the base-material of the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry processing, adding pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent is the thin foam of polyphenyl, in 1:0.16:0.026 ratio, drop in mixing machine container, mixing and stirring, now form the paste of semi-solid state, packing is dispatched from the factory, the ordinary Portland cement that is P42.5 by semi-solid creme and label again during site operation and water drop in mixing agitator, the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry of previous step of take during preparation is that radix 1 calculates, and proportioning is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: water=1:0.43:0.50
After mixing and stirring, obtain the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction thermal insulation mortar for exterior wall that meets national A1 level fire-protection standard.During as site operation, if adopt the stirred vessel of 300L, its concrete steps are, first 25 ㎏ clear water are poured in container, again cement 22 ㎏ are poured in container, mix aquation good after, again previously prepared good hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry semisolid material 60kg is put into container, uniform stirring 3-5 minutes, places and can construct for 5-10 minute.What adopt aforesaid method production is the exterior wall mortar that meets the fire protection requirement of national A1 level, and concrete quality index is in Table 1.
Embodiment 10: be that a hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is made exterior wall and applied another preferred embodiment with hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction thermal insulation mortar.
By hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry and granular polystyrene, in 1:0.06 ratio, drop in mixing machine container, mixing and stirring, forms semi-solid state packing and dispatches from the factory.During site operation, again by this semi-solid creme and ordinary Portland cement, water, in 1:0.63:0.68 ratio, drop in mixing agitator, mixing and stirring, obtain B1 level inorganic adhesive powder composite hydrophobic type lagging material, can be applied in slope, flat roof deck and color steel roofing, form composite thermal-insulating waterproof layer.As when the roofing heat preservation and insulation B1 level fire-retardant material site operation, first be ready to 300L stirred vessel, press component proportioning, first 32 ㎏ water are poured in container, again cement 34 ㎏ are poured in stirred vessel mix and blend good after, pour in container above-mentioned semisolid material 53 ㎏ into uniform stirring 3-5 minutes, place and can use for 5-10 minute.
The concrete quality index of the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction lagging material for slope, flat roof and color steel roofing that meets the fire protection requirement of national B1 level that employing aforesaid method is produced is in Table 2.
Embodiment 11: the preferred embodiment that is the application of the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry thermal insulation mortar material of being used as building slope and flat roof deck.The pollution bringing to environment for reducing site operation, improves execution conditions, reduces simultaneously and to quality product, brings unstable to affect because of factors such as artificial batchings, for meeting Large Construction demand, can take to utilize concrete-agitating station equipment to concentrate composite stirring, system is produced preparation, to improve effect.
(1) meet the production of thermal insulation mortar for the skin of national A1 level fire protection requirement, by the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat-insulation slurry preparing in embodiment 1, add ordinary Portland cement, pearlstone, the thin foam of polyphenyl and water, its concrete ratio is 1:0.45:0.16:0.026:0.50.
Its concrete proportioning is in the base-material of the inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry (semisolid material) of 1000kg, adding pearlstone 160kg solid air entrapment agent is polyphenyl smalls (20-25 ㎏ levels, granularity≤2 ㎜) 26kg, add the ordinary Portland cement of 450kg, the water of 500kg, concentrate and to stir into thermal insulation mortar at concrete mixing plant, by groove tank car and underflow pump mode of movement, directly provide site operation to use.
Adopt the concrete quality index of outer wall thermal insulation mortar that meets the fire protection requirement of national A1 level of aforesaid method production in Table 1.
(2) meet the slope of national B1 level fire protection requirement, the preparation of flat roof deck hydrophobic type thermal insulation material, be that the inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry configuring in embodiment 1 and granular polystyrene, ordinary portland cement and water are mixed in proportion into building slope, flat roof deck composite thermal-insulating hydrophobic type material, the mass ratio of each component is: inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, general silicon silicate cement, granular polystyrene and water are 1:0.63:0.06:0.68.
Its concrete proportioning is can add granular polystyrene (20-25 ㎏ levels in the slurry of the hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat-insulating heat-preserving material of 1000kg, granularity≤5 ㎜) 60 ㎏, ordinary Portland cement (42.5#) 600 ㎏, water 680 ㎏, after concrete mixing plant is stirred, by groove tank car and underflow pump, directly provide site operation to use.
The concrete quality index of the inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction lagging material for slope, flat roof and color steel roofing that meets the fire protection requirement of national B1 level that employing aforesaid method is produced is in Table 2.
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction lagging material component on site construction method and main points;
1, different fire-protection rating thermal insulation mortars and the material of the preparation of inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, should construct in strict accordance with national regulation rules.When exterior wall construction of exterior insulation system, should first play cake, floating screed and messenger wire, the thickness of smearing should be carried out by each department standard, a little more than design thickness, then with shouldering chi, strikes off, and with the local painting of patter, fills whole.Before flat, pitched roof is constructed, must be at parapet internal corner part brushing snappiness and rigid waterproofing coating, to avoid buildings natural subsidence cracking seepage.
2, while synchronous paving 4 ㎜ * 4 ㎜ specification glass network cloth on the thermofin of leveling, and catch up with pressure with patter, allow cream slurry glow, the floating receipts light of compacting, the smooth no wrinkle of alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth, lap width >=50 ㎜.Until insulating surface drying, after 48 hours, can carry out anticracking grout protection He Xia road decoration process.
To the technology of the present invention effect, further illustrate as follows:
Table 1 hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction thermal insulation mortar material product performance index (fire prevention of A1 level)
Note: above all technical all reaches or is better than < < expanded and vitrified small ball light mortar > >
JGJ283-2010 national standard.
Table 2 hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction lagging material product performance index (fire prevention of B1 level)
Note: above all technical all reaches or is better than < < glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry > >
JG158-2013 national standard.
Claim protection domain of the present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. a hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry, it is characterized in that, raw material comprises modified and light Paris white 48-58%, silicon oxide aluminium powder 5-10%, acrylic ester emulsion 2-5%, organic polymer gelling material 25-35% and auxiliary agent 0.4-0.8%, by described raw material through mixed preparing form slurry.
2. hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described modified and light Paris white refers to sodium stearate, under high temperature melting state, light weight calcium molecule parcel is carried out to modification, belongs to the inorganic thermal insulation material of hydrophobic type.
3. hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described silicon oxide aluminium powder is ceramics powder, is to process powder with the waste ceramic sheet of silicon oxide-containing, aluminum oxide polymkeric substance.
4. hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described acrylic ester emulsion is modification acrylate multiple copolymer macromolecule emulsion; Described organic polymer gelling material is seaweed gel and HPMC, accounts for respectively 15-20% and 10-15% of heat preservation slurry gross weight; Described seaweed gel is that the polymer organic gel gel material of making after chemical treatment with marine algae plant is made; Described HPMC belongs to water-retaining admixture.
5. hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described auxiliary agent is poly-the third fiber and sanitas, accounts for respectively 0.2-0.4% of heat preservation slurry gross weight.
6. the preparation method of a hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, first with negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck modified and light Paris white and silicon oxide aluminium powder to mix and blend in mix and blend tank, by negative pressure of vacuum equipment, suck acrylic ester emulsion, organic polymer gelling material and auxiliary agent in mix and blend tank again, finally mix and blend at normal temperatures, is prepared into hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder multifunctional heat insulating slurry.
7. described in claim 1, hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is done the application of heat preservation mortar for outer wall material, it is characterized in that, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.40~0.48: 0.1~0.2: 0.02~0.03: 0.45~0.55.
8. described in claim 1, hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is done the application of heat preservation mortar for outer wall material, it is characterized in that, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: pearlstone: solid air entrapment agent: water=1:0.45:0.16:0.026:0.50;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, then, by groove tank car, carries and on-the-spotly construct in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, pearlstone, solid air entrapment agent are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into exterior wall multifunctional thermal insulation mortar, finally construction in time at the scene;
Described solid air entrapment agent is polyphenyl smalls, and its granularity is less than or equal to 2 ㎜.
9. described in claim 1, hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is done the application of the thermal insulation mortar material of building slope, flat roof deck, it is characterized in that, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.6~0.65: 0.057~0.062: 0.6~0.7.
10. described in claim 1, hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry is done the application of the thermal insulation mortar material of building slope, flat roof deck, it is characterized in that, the weight ratio of thermal insulation mortar raw material is:
Hydrophobic type inorganic adhesive powder composite multifunction heat preservation slurry: ordinary Portland cement: granular polystyrene: water=1:0.63:0.06:0.68;
When stirring station centralized production with batching with when construction: first the disposable mixing of above-mentioned raw materials is re-dubbed to the thermal insulation mortar that building slope and flat roof deck are used, then, by groove tank car, carries on-the-spot construction in time;
When gradation batching lags behind construction: first heat preservation slurry, granular polystyrene are re-dubbed to the semi-solid state paste that is beneficial to storage and transportation by said ratio, then by said ratio, add ordinary Portland cement and water more at the construction field (site), be made into the thermal insulation mortar that building slope, flat roof deck are used, finally construction in time at the scene;
The granularity of described granular polystyrene is greater than 2 ㎜, is less than or equal to 5 ㎜.
CN201410337134.2A 2014-07-04 2014-07-16 Hydrophobic inorganic gel powder compounded multifunctional insulating mortar, as well as application and preparation method thereof Pending CN104072017A (en)

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CN104496351A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 青阳县天工预拌商品砂浆有限公司 Anti-corrosive moistureproof concrete
CN105198301A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-30 南京润屹电子科技有限公司 Lightweight high strength material for tunnel and underground pipeline construction and preparation method of lightweight high strength material
CN106082840A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 赵广全 A kind of inorganic powder decoration diatom ooze

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CN1493544A (en) * 2002-10-31 2004-05-05 武汉市鹏凌集团有限公司 Wall surface heat insulating meterial
BG109172A (en) * 2005-06-08 2006-12-29 "Ювема" Еоод Dry light material for civil works and mortar threreof
CN101144005A (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-03-19 胡斌 Nano hydrophobic thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof
CN101638302A (en) * 2009-08-18 2010-02-03 广州市苏葆节能环保材料有限公司 Compound thermal-insulated water-proof slurry and application thereof

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CN104496351A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 青阳县天工预拌商品砂浆有限公司 Anti-corrosive moistureproof concrete
CN105198301A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-30 南京润屹电子科技有限公司 Lightweight high strength material for tunnel and underground pipeline construction and preparation method of lightweight high strength material
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CN106082840A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 赵广全 A kind of inorganic powder decoration diatom ooze

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