CN104071724B - A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device - Google Patents

A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104071724B
CN104071724B CN201410311501.1A CN201410311501A CN104071724B CN 104071724 B CN104071724 B CN 104071724B CN 201410311501 A CN201410311501 A CN 201410311501A CN 104071724 B CN104071724 B CN 104071724B
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Prior art keywords
rod
long axis
link
parallelogram
groups
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CN201410311501.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104071724A (en
Inventor
吕国刚
张维波
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Shenzhen Woer Heat Shrinkable Material Co Ltd
Changzhou Woer Heat Shrinkable Material Co Ltd
Huizhou LTK Electronic Cable Co Ltd
LTK Electric Wire Huizhou Co Ltd
Shenzhen Woer Special Cable Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JINTAN WOER NEW MATERIAL CO Ltd
Shenzhen Woer Heat Shrinkable Material Co Ltd
Huizhou LTK Electronic Cable Co Ltd
LTK Electric Wire Huizhou Co Ltd
Shenzhen Woer Special Cable Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410311501.1A priority Critical patent/CN104071724B/en
Publication of CN104071724A publication Critical patent/CN104071724A/en
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Abstract

A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device, is made of parallelogram linkage, driving force device, dynamical system, cargo transfer mechanism and loading platform:Four connecting rods head and the tail are connected with short axle link, first connecting rod and fourth link head and the tail are connected by a public long axis, and first connecting rod and fourth link are connected with public long axis using solidating makes two groups of parallelogram linkages as an entirety;With dynamical system public long axis to be driven to do swing rotary make two groups of parallelogram linkage synchronization actions, realizes that second connecting rod remains horizontality and picks up and down between high-order and status;Driving force device is mounted between second connecting rod and fourth link to save energy consumption;Loading platform is mounted on second connecting rod;Cargo transfer mechanism is located on public long axis and between two groups of parallelogram linkages.

Description

A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of handling facilities of logistics field, one kind parallel four of the handling especially between high-low-position connects Bar handling device is also applied on automatic packaging production line as transloading equipment, to improve production work efficiency.
Background technology
General logistics scene needs the transshipment cargo between plateau and ground, to realize this function, for large-scale whole The handling of cargo(Such as the large-scale parts in project building site)Mostly using portal frame handling device, and self-contained medium-sized logistics(Such as collection Vanning, diesel bucket, clamp plate type stacking target)Scissors lifting platform, crane or fork truck can be used, but for small logistics in bulk type (Such as net purchase object, agricultural product)And for the logistics on factory automation production line, portal frame, scissors lifting platform, crane With fork truck because of its huge structure, large-tonnage, floor space is larger, the speed of service is slow, theirs are influenced on space and structure Transfer efficiency, the shipping and delivery cost for making every tonnage are higher.Especially indoors or small-sized, quick and high-frequency handling occasion, gantry Frame, crane and fork truck just lose their advantage.Alternatively possible solution more flexible, that efficiency is higher is using hand Dynamic, hydraulic pressure or motor-driven double leval jib handling facilities, such as the one kind mentioned in Chinese patent CN202011726U is with liquid Pressure oil is the double leval jib handling facilities of direct driving force.But all imply using energy source in well known double leval jib handling facilities The problem of rate is not high, i.e., with the driving that the variation of connecting rod swing angle causes the amplitude of variation of torque too big, practically necessary Power is also with periodically fluctuating widely, so needing to match power of motor according to maximum moment standard(Or the electricity of hydraulic pump Acc power), in fact, motor only at a time just can full load operation, as long as the average torque needed for whole process is most The 64% of high-torque, so result in motor in itself at least 36% power(The energy)Waste, be unfavorable for energy-saving and emission-reduction.
As automated production workshop is increasing and the rise of net purchase industry, corresponding modern logistics industry is also sent out increasingly It reaching, middle-size and small-size loose mail logistics will occupy the exhausted large scale of social logistics total amount, horizontal in order to improve the efficiency of loading and unloading and handling civilization, The trend of social handling facilities will be become using the double leval jib construct for handling of maneuverability.
Energy-saving and emission-reduction demand based on the whole society, it is necessary to which changing in structure is carried out to well known double leval jib charging crane Into to obtain better energy-saving and emission-reduction benefit.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device, with it is simple in structure, inexpensive, do not influence cargo The next procedure running of carrying for target, and realize be always ensured that cargo and the stability that ground keeping parallelism and cargo are carried with Reliability is finally reached and improves handling work efficiency, save logistics energy consumption, improve the horizontal effect of handling civilization.
It is realized the purpose of the present invention is such technical solution:
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, including two groups of parallelogram linkages, two groups of driving forces Device for supplying, one group of dynamical system, one or more groups of cargo transfer mechanisms and a loading platform, every group of parallelogram hinge Mechanism is respectively connected four connecting rod head and the tail with three link short axles and its bearing, then with a public long axis and its bearing at both ends The first connecting rod in four connecting rods is connected with the head and the tail of fourth link respectively, wherein first connecting rod is fixed with public long axis and connected It connects, first connecting rod and fourth link could be used without the solidating connection of axial relative movement by two groups parallel four with public long axis respectively Side shape linkage is combined into the entirety that can flexibly change parallelogram area, and public long axis is driven with dynamical system Swing back and forth rotation, public long axis drive two groups of parallelogram linkage synchronization actions so that in double leval jib second Connecting rod remains horizontality and picks up and down between the high-order and low level that the driving force device is by cylinder, spring Or the sub-assembly of cylinder and spring is formed, and driving force device is mounted on the second of every group of parallelogram linkage and connects Between bar and fourth link, in addition four loading stents and one piece of cargo bed are installed altogether on second connecting rod respectively so as to form Loading platform, cargo transfer mechanism are located on public long axis and between two groups of parallelogram linkages;Described every group Parallelogram linkage is made of respectively four connecting rods, and the axial line of four connecting rods is located in approximately the same plane or positioned at more In a plane, the folding mode of every group of adjacent two connecting rod is using folding when the axial line of four connecting rods is located in approximately the same plane Folded fruit knife that include and by comprising structure.
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, every group of parallelogram linkage is respectively by four companies Bar or similar connecting rod are formed, and the axial line of four connecting rods or similar connecting rod is located in approximately the same plane or in multiple planes, The folding mode use of every group of adjacent two connecting rod when the axial line of four connecting rods or similar connecting rod is located in approximately the same plane Fold fruit knife that include and by comprising structure.
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, the dynamical system include man power and/or electric driving force, It is via several transition gears public long axis to be driven to do back and forth again by the runner of similar vehicle steering during using man power Swing rotary, using electric driving force when be by electric cabinet, automatically controlled box bracket, motor, gearbox come drive public long axis come Return swing rotary.
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, the cargo transfer mechanism include roller, the revolving fragment of link Or belt, cargo transfer mechanism are located on public long axis and between two groups of parallelogram linkages, are put down with every group The spatial relationship and dynamic relation of row quadrilateral hinge mechanism are connections or mutually independent, and absolute altitude in vertical direction is It is fixed or can adjust.
The present invention a kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device, the driving force device by cylinder, spring or cylinder with The sub-assembly of spring is formed.
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, fourth link in every group of parallelogram linkage Shape is rod-shaped or rack construction, and fourth link not only acts as connecting rod effect when using rack construction, and at every group parallel four Play the role of support and the adjusting positioning of precision between side shape linkage and ground.
A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, compared to other well known structure type more for advantages below:
A. it is applied in combination using two groups of parallelogram linkages with two groups of driving force devices, saves significantly on logistics Energy consumption improves handling civilization level;
B. it is always ensured that cargo is parallel to the ground, is conducive to the stability and reliability of cargo carrying;
C. simple in structure, cost is relatively low, it is possible to prevente effectively from carrying acts the interference to next process;
D. the speed of service is fast, improves handling work efficiency, the operation result of existing embodiment is to can be completed once for average 5 seconds It carries.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of stereo appearance figure of the one embodiment of " parallel―ordinal shift handling device " of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of the one embodiment of " parallel―ordinal shift handling device " of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of top view of the one embodiment of " parallel―ordinal shift handling device " of the invention.
In Fig. 1 into Fig. 3, identical function, mutually isostructural part or component employ identical label:
10-parallelogram linkage;11.1,11.2-first connecting rod;11.3,11.4-second connecting rod;
11.5,11.6-third connecting rod;11.7,11.8-fourth link;12.1,12.2-public long axis and its axis It holds;
12.3,12.4,12.5,12.6,12.7,12.8-link short axle and its bearing;
20-dynamical system;21-electric cabinet;22-automatically controlled box bracket;23-reduction box;24-motor;
30-cargo transfer mechanism;31-roller;32-rolling stand;
40-loading platform;41.1,41.2,41.3,41.4-loading stent;42-cargo bed;
50.1,50.2-driving force device.
Specific embodiment
It is the one embodiment of " a kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device " of the invention below, is only that preferred embodiment is not to this The content of the invention is defined, and is further illustrated in conjunction with attached drawing.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, it is a kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the invention, is put down by two groups Row quadrilateral hinge mechanism(10.1 and 10.2), two groups of driving force devices(50.1 and 50.2), one group of electric power system (20), one group of cargo transfer mechanism(30)With a loading platform(40)Totally five unit compositions, every group of parallelogram hinge Mechanism(10.1、10.2)Respectively with link short axle and its bearing(12.3 and 12.4,12.5 and 12.6,12.7 and 12.8)Using public affairs The mode known is by four connecting rods(11.1 and 11.2,11.3 and 11.4,11.5 and 11.6,11.7 and 11.8)Head and the tail connect, then use A piece public long axis and its bearing(12.1 and 12.2)At both ends respectively by every group of first connecting rod(11.1 and 11.2)With the 4th Connecting rod(11.7 and 11.8)Head and the tail connection, first connecting rod(11.1 and 11.2)And fourth link(11.7 and 11.8)Respectively with public affairs With long axis and its bearing(12.1 and 12.2)The solidating connection of axial relative movement be could be used without so as to by two groups of parallelogram Linkage(10.1 and 10.2)An entirety is combined into, using electric power system(20)Drive public long axis and its bearing (12.1 and 12.2)Swing back and forth rotation, public long axis and its bearing(12.1 and 12.2)Two groups of parallelogram hinges are driven again Chain mechanism(10.1 and 10.2)Synchronization action can realize the second connecting rod in double leval jib(11.3 and 11.4)Remain horizontal State is simultaneously picked up and down between the high-order and status, driving force device(50.1 and 50.2)Then it is mounted on by way of bolt Second connecting rod(11.3 and 11.4)And fourth link(11.7 and 11.8)Between, respectively in every group of second connecting rod(11.3 and 11.4) On four loading stents are installed altogether by way of bolt(41.1、41.2、41.3、41.4)With one piece of cargo bed(42)So as to Form loading platform(40), cargo transfer mechanism(30)By roller(31)And rolling stand(32)It forms and is located at public long axis (12.1 and 12.2)On and in two groups of parallelogram linkages(10.1 and 10.2)Between.
A kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, every group of parallelogram Link chain device Structure(10.1 and 10.2)Respectively by four connecting rods or similar connecting rod(11.1 and 11.2,11.3 and 11.4,11.5 and 11.6,11.7 And 11.8)It forms, in four connecting rods or similar connecting rod(11.1 and 11.2,11.3 and 11.4,11.5 and 11.6,11.7 and 11.8) Axial line be located in three planes.
A kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, the dynamical system are electric driving force shape Formula, electric driving force are by well known electric control circuit(It is not drawn in figure), electric cabinet(21), automatically controlled box bracket(22), speed change Case(23)Motor(24)Public long axis and its bearing are driven again(12.1 and 12.2)It rotates back and forth.
A kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, the cargo transfer mechanism(30)Using Roller(31)And its rolling stand(32)Form, cargo transfer mechanism(30)Positioned at public long axis(12.1 and 12.2)On and Two groups of parallelogram linkages(10.1 and 10.2)Between, the spatial relationship with every group of parallelogram linkage is solid Surely connect, be independent on dynamic relation, absolute altitude is fixed in vertical direction.
A kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, the driving force device(50.1 And 50.2)It is made of cylinder combination, feature is detailed in a kind of " driving force device " patent document of separate case application It carefully described, was not repeated herein.
A kind of one embodiment of parallel―ordinal shift handling device of the present invention, every group of parallelogram Link chain device Structure(10.1 and 10.2)In fourth link(11.7 and 11.8)Shape use without adjust fixed rack structure, using machine Posture fourth link(11.7 and 11.8)Connecting rod effect is not only acted as, and in every group of parallelogram linkage(10.1 and 10.2)Support and positioning action are played between ground.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device, including two groups of parallelogram linkages, two groups of driving force devices, one Group dynamical system, one or more groups of cargo transfer mechanisms and a loading platform, every group of parallelogram linkage is respectively with three Root links short axle and its bearing and connects four connecting rods head and the tail, then with a public long axis and its bearing at both ends respectively by four First connecting rod in connecting rod is connected with the head and the tail of fourth link, and wherein first connecting rod is fixedly connected with public long axis, first connecting rod The solidating that could be used without axial relative movement with public long axis respectively with fourth link is connected two groups of parallelogram Link chain devices Structure is combined into the entirety that can flexibly change parallelogram area, with dynamical system public long axis is driven to swing back and forth Rotation, public long axis drive two groups of parallelogram linkage synchronization actions so that the second connecting rod in double leval jib is protected always Water holding level state is simultaneously picked up and down between the high-order and low level, it is characterized in that:The driving force device by cylinder, spring or The sub-assembly of cylinder and spring is formed, and driving force device is mounted on the second connecting rod of every group of parallelogram linkage Between fourth link, in addition four loading stents and one piece of cargo bed on second connecting rod are installed altogether respectively carried so as to form Goods platform, cargo transfer mechanism are located on public long axis and between two groups of parallelogram linkages;Described every group is put down Row quadrilateral hinge mechanism is made of respectively four connecting rods, and the axial line of four connecting rods is located in approximately the same plane or positioned at multiple In plane, the folding mode of every group of adjacent two connecting rod is using folding when the axial line of four connecting rods is located in approximately the same plane Fruit knife that include and by comprising structure.
2. parallel―ordinal shift handling device according to claim 1, the dynamical system is including man power and/or electrically Power, it is characterized in that:It is to be driven again via several transition gears by the runner of similar vehicle steering during using man power Public long axis swings back and forth rotation, and using electric driving force when is driven by electric cabinet, automatically controlled box bracket, motor, gearbox Public long axis is moved to swing back and forth rotation.
3. parallel―ordinal shift handling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The cargo transfer mechanism includes rolling Cylinder, the revolving fragment or belt of link, cargo transfer mechanism are located on public long axis and in two groups of parallelogram linkages Between, it is being connected or mutually independent with the spatial relationship and dynamic relation of every group of parallelogram linkage, is hanging down The upward absolute altitude of Nogata is fixed or can adjust.
4. parallel―ordinal shift handling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Every group of parallelogram Link chain device The shape of fourth link is rod-shaped or rack construction in structure, and fourth link not only acts as connecting rod effect when using rack construction, and And play the role of support and the adjusting positioning of precision between every group of parallelogram linkage and ground.
CN201410311501.1A 2014-07-02 2014-07-02 A kind of parallel―ordinal shift handling device Active CN104071724B (en)

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CN104787570A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-22 中国建材国际工程集团有限公司 Four-connecting-rod lifting system applied to roll gang
CN104925693B (en) * 2015-06-25 2018-01-09 广东嘉腾机器人自动化有限公司 Segmented thrust lifting mechanism
CN105270812A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-27 无为县华标新型墙体材料有限公司 Lifting device for brick storage bin
CN106241655A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-12-21 无锡市友佳车辆配件厂 The transfer device of vehicle frame
CN108126911B (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-12-07 扬州海纳尔液压设备有限公司 A kind of garbage classification equipment
CN108529244B (en) * 2018-03-14 2019-10-25 洛阳双瑞精铸钛业有限公司 A kind of automatic pile material device of titanium plate
CN111573257A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-25 安徽恒益纺织科技有限公司 Loading mechanism for cloth coil and using method thereof

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GB8408346D0 (en) * 1984-03-30 1984-05-10 Airlec Vehicles Ltd Mobile lift loaders
CN102295252A (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-12-28 张其权 Novel structure of mobile elevator
CN202011726U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-10-19 李野 Automatic loader and unloader with double rotating and swinging parallel four-bars
CN102910555B (en) * 2012-10-09 2015-12-16 湖北国瑞智能装备有限公司 Micro travel lifting operating platform
CN204079366U (en) * 2014-07-02 2015-01-07 深圳市沃尔核材股份有限公司 A kind of parallel―ordinal shift Handling device

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Address after: 518118 Vol Industrial Park, Lanjingbei Road, Pingshan New Area, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Shenzhen Woer Heat-shrinkable Material Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: SHENZHEN WOER SPECIAL CABLE Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: CHANGZHOU WOER HEAT-SHRINKABLE MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: LTK ELECTRIC WIRE (HUIZHOU) Ltd.

Patentee after: HUIZHOU LTK ELECTRONIC CABLE Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 518118 Vol Industrial Park, Lanjingbei Road, Pingshan New Area, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Shenzhen Woer Heat-shrinkable Material Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: SHENZHEN WOER SPECIAL CABLE Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: JINTAN WOER NEW MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: LTK ELECTRIC WIRE (HUIZHOU) Ltd.

Patentee before: HUIZHOU LTK ELECTRONIC CABLE Co.,Ltd.