CN104070567B - The processing method of a kind of structural slab and plate core thereof, plate core - Google Patents

The processing method of a kind of structural slab and plate core thereof, plate core Download PDF

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CN104070567B
CN104070567B CN201410339021.6A CN201410339021A CN104070567B CN 104070567 B CN104070567 B CN 104070567B CN 201410339021 A CN201410339021 A CN 201410339021A CN 104070567 B CN104070567 B CN 104070567B
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shearing
slip
bearing
plate core
matrix
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CN104070567A (en
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孙毅
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Zhenjiang sunshine Searle new Mstar Technology Ltd
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孙毅
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of plate core of structural slab, described plate core is provided with organizes construction unit more, and described construction unit is stacked pressure viscosity successively along described structural slab length direction and closes; Often organize described construction unit and include the matrix laminating to be formed frame-shear structure along described structural slab length direction and the shearing body be obliquely installed relative to described matrix; The vertical pressure-bearing body that described matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and extends along described structural slab thickness direction, described shearing body comprises at least two story shear layers, each described shearing layer comprises multiple spaced shearing slip, and the described shearing slip that described shearing slip is corresponding with adjacent described shearing layer position is cross-laminated.By above-mentioned setting, shear force of frame structure can be formed, effectively improve the intensity of structural slab, the bearing capacity of lift structure plate, and reduce the consumption of timber resources, energy-conserving and environment-protective.On this basis, the present invention also provides a kind of and has the structural slab of this plate core and the processing method of structural slab plate core.

Description

The processing method of a kind of structural slab and plate core thereof, plate core
Technical field
The present invention relates to the manufacture field of artificial board, particularly the processing method of a kind of structural slab and plate core thereof, plate core.
Background technology
At present, because timber resources is in short supply, cause solid wood expensive, meanwhile, the timber of solid wood itself has very strong internal stress, cannot meet the performance requirement to timber in modern architecture furniture.Further, solid wood is adopted also not meet the social desirability of the resource that protects trees.Therefore, wood-based plate arises at the historic moment, and is one of important research direction of those skilled in the art to the further exploitation of the performance of wood-based plate.
In prior art, wood-based plate is mainly directional structure board, also known as oriented wood chipboard, is arranged by wood shavings with certain orientation, level compacting form, its plate core be laminate after wood shavings lack of alignment in the horizontal direction shaping.So, the product deflection deformation made is large, and anti-internal stress modified difference, the scope of application is little.
Further, adopt solid wood or Wooden slice pressing to make in wood-based plate, the weight of product is comparatively large, and consumable quantity is also larger; Further, when pressing goods, need to consume a large amount of glue and bond, not only waste resource, and cause the content of formaldehyde of product higher, do not meet the production requirement of environmental protection.
Aborning, its plate core needs to adopt specific mould pressing and forming existing structural slab, due to the restriction of the specification of mould, causes the kind of the thickness specification of sheet material to compare limitation, and the post-production constraining sheet material utilizes.Meanwhile, the plate core of existing structural slab is generally a kind of material and forms, and the conduction orientation produced acoustic wave vibrations is consistent, effectively cannot weaken acoustic transmission, therefore the soundproof effect of existing structural slab is poor.
In view of this, how to improve the intensity of structural slab, strengthen the bearing capacity of structural slab, and the consumption effectively the reducing timber resources technical problem that to be those skilled in the art urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
Based on the defect existed in prior art, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the structural slab that a kind of bearing capacity is large, the rigidity of structure is high, and effectively reduces the consumption of timber resources.
The invention provides a kind of plate core of structural slab, described plate core is provided with organizes construction unit more, and described construction unit is stacked pressure viscosity successively along described structural slab length direction and closes;
Often organize described construction unit and include the matrix laminating to be formed frame-shear structure along described structural slab length direction and the shearing body be obliquely installed relative to described matrix;
The vertical pressure-bearing body that described matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and extends along described structural slab thickness direction, described shearing body comprises at least two story shear layers, each described shearing layer comprises multiple spaced shearing slip, and the described shearing slip that described shearing slip is corresponding with adjacent described shearing layer position is cross-laminated.
Preferably, described horizontal pressure-bearing body and described vertical pressure-bearing body are wholely set formation plate.
Preferably, described matrix comprises and multiplely to extend and spaced horizontal pressure-bearing slip and vertical pressure-bearing slip along described structural slab thickness direction, and described horizontal pressure-bearing slip is described horizontal pressure-bearing body, and multiple described vertical pressure-bearing plate bar forms described vertical pressure-bearing body.
Preferably, described matrix comprises two described horizontal pressure-bearing slips, lays respectively at top and the bottom of described plate core; Or described matrix comprises a described horizontal pressure-bearing slip, is positioned in the middle part of described plate core.
Preferably, multiple described vertical pressure-bearing slip is equidistantly spaced successively; The position of described vertical pressure-bearing slip corresponds to the gap of described shearing layer.
Preferably, the described shearing slip of each described shearing layer all equidistantly capable setting of Horizon.
Preferably, the pressure-bearing side wall length of described shearing slip equals the spacing between described shearing slip corresponding to its adjacent described shearing layer position.
Preferably, described in described in adjacent two layers, shearing layer laminates mutually two, the intersecting angle of shearing slip is 45 °.
The present invention also provides a kind of structural slab, comprises plate core, and described plate core is above-described plate core.
Preferably, the pressure-bearing plane of described plate core is bonded with panel, to form the top layer of described structural slab.
The plate cored structure rigidity of structural slab provided by the invention is high, and bearing capacity is strong.Particularly, this plate core is provided with organizes construction unit more, and each construction unit is stacked pressure viscosity conjunction successively along structural slab length direction, thus, form the pressure-bearing plane of plate core.Often organize construction unit and include matrix and shearing body, wherein, shearing body is obliquely installed relative to matrix, and same along structural slab length direction, and shearing body and matrix to laminating, thus form frame-shear structure.For matrix, the vertical pressure-bearing body that there is the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and extend along structural thickness direction, wherein, pressure-bearing sidewall and pressure-bearing body play the effect of framework, can bear pulling force and pressure that structural slab is subject to; And for shearing body, comprise at least two story shear layers, and each shearing layer comprises multiple spaced shearing slip, the shearing slip of adjacent two layers shearing layer is cross-laminated, to form shearing structure, thus can with the frame structure acting in conjunction of matrix, the external force that effective decomposition texture plate bears.
So, adopt said structure, external force effectively decomposed in the frame-shear structure of construction unit, evade concentrated stressed time, the local of structural slab produces deflection deformation, and lift structure plate bears the ability of pressure.
The present invention also provides a kind of processing method of structural slab plate core, comprises the steps:
The shearing body forming matrix and be obliquely installed relative to described matrix, the two forms frame-shear structure, and described matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and vertical pressure-bearing body;
Described shearing body is formed in the following manner:
Prepare multiple slip;
Multiple described slip interval is arranged formation one story shear layer, at least two-layer described shearing layer of final formation;
All described shearing layers laminate successively, and make the described slip that described slip is corresponding with adjacent described shearing layer position cross-laminated;
Described matrix and described shearing body laminate formation one group of construction unit;
To organize described construction unit more and laminate to be formed the described plate core of structural slab, it is identical that this laminates direction and described matrix, described shearing body laminates direction, and after laminating, the described vertical pressure-bearing body of the described construction unit of each group extends along described plate core thickness direction.
Preferably, prepare a plate, form described matrix.
Preferably, described matrix is formed in the following manner:
Prepare multiple slip;
Multiple described slip horizontally set is formed described horizontal pressure-bearing body, and multiple described slip vertically arranges and forms described vertical pressure-bearing body, both described matrixes.
Preferably, described plate core forms multiple described frame-shear structure on vertical; By the transversely cutting of described plate core, form some platelet cores at least comprising a described frame-shear structure on vertically.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of structural slab plane in specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of plate described in the first embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the first shearing slip described in the first embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the second shearing slip described in the first embodiment;
Fig. 5 laminates the structural representation on the surface in plate shown in Fig. 2 for the first shearing slip shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 laminates the plate cored structure schematic diagram in the first shearing slip shown in Fig. 5 for the second shearing slip shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 for M shown in Fig. 1 to plate cored structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 for M shown in Fig. 1 to structural slab schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 for L shown in Fig. 1 to structural slab schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of intersecting angle between the first shearing slip of laminating of two-phase and the second shearing slip;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of pressure-bearing slip horizontal described in the second embodiment;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of pressure-bearing slip vertical described in the second embodiment;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the 3rd shearing slip described in the second embodiment;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the 4th shearing slip described in the second embodiment;
Figure 15 laminates the structural representation in the pressure-bearing shown in Figure 11 article for the 3rd shearing slip shown in Figure 13;
Figure 16 laminates the structural representation in the 3rd shearing slip surface shown in Figure 15 for the 4th shearing slip shown in Figure 14;
Shown in Figure 12 shown in Figure 17, vertical pressure-bearing slip laminates the structural representation in the 4th shearing slip surface shown in Figure 16;
Figure 18 for construction unit shown in Figure 17 laminate after the left side view of plate cored structure in the second embodiment;
The schematic diagram that Figure 19 is arranged for the 3rd shearing slip multiple described in structural slab plate core processing method;
Figure 20 laminates the schematic diagram forming shearing body in described multiple 3rd shearing slip for multiple 4th shearing slip described in structural slab plate core processing method;
Figure 21 arranges the schematic diagram forming horizontal pressure-bearing body for multiple horizontal pressure-bearing bar described in structural slab plate core processing method;
Figure 22 is the schematic diagram that shearing body laminates in described horizontal pressure-bearing body;
Figure 23 is the schematic diagram that vertical pressure-bearing body laminates in shearing body opposite side;
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the construction unit cutting method that Figure 23 is formed.
In Fig. 1 to Figure 24:
Structural slab 1;
Plate core 11, density plate 12;
Construction unit 100, pressure-bearing plane 100a;
Plate 101, first shearing slip 111, second shearing slip 112;
Horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102, vertical pressure-bearing slip 103, the 3rd shearing slip 113, the 4th shearing slip 114.
Detailed description of the invention
Based on the structural slab Problems existing that prior art provides, core of the present invention is to provide that a kind of rigidity of structure is high, bearing capacity large and the plate core of the structural slab that amount of deflection performance is good, and effectively reduces the use of timber resources.On this basis, the processing method of a kind of structural slab and structural slab plate core is also provided.
In order to make the operating personnel of the art understand the present invention program better, below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is described in further detail.
It should be noted that, the noun of locality herein " on " referring to top in Fig. 2 to Figure 18, noun of locality D score refers to the below in Fig. 2 to 18, and upper and lower is to the direction in i.e. vertical stratification plate plate face; Should be appreciated that the appearance of these nouns of locality is that benchmark is set up with Figure of description, their appearance should not affect the protection domain of the application.
In addition, all, in accompanying drawing, the filling of each slip, plate inside is used for clear position and the correlation of distinguishing each structure laminated to special instruction, and it is not the restriction to structure, therefore, the technical scheme of the application's request protection is not construed as limiting.
Embodiment 1:
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, wherein, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of structural slab plane in specific embodiment; Fig. 2 is the structural representation of plate described in the first embodiment; Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the first shearing slip described in the first embodiment; Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the second shearing slip described in the first embodiment.
Compared with prior art, this programme looks for another way to plate core 11 optimal design of structural slab 1, adopts the version of shearing and framework, thus effectively improves the deflection deformation in the structural strength of structural slab 1 and bearing capacity, the application of reduction sheet material.
Particularly, this structural slab 1 comprises plate core 11, and plate core 11 is provided with many group construction units 100, and each construction unit 100 is stacked pressure viscosity conjunction successively along structural slab 1 length direction, and the sidewalls of many group construction units 100 are built up the pressure-bearing plane 100a of plate core 11.Often organize construction unit 100 and include matrix and shearing body, wherein, shearing body is obliquely installed relative to matrix, and equally along structural slab 1 length direction, shearing body and matrix phase laminate, thus forms frame-shear structure.For matrix, as shown in Figure 2, horizontal pressure-bearing body and vertical pressure-bearing body are integrally formed plate 101, that is, the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print of matrix is the upper lower wall of this plate 101, and vertical pressure-bearing body is the lamellar body on plate 101 between lower wall, horizontal pressure-bearing body and vertical pressure-bearing body play the effect of framework, can bear pulling force and pressure that structural slab 1 is subject to.The plate 101 of integral type can the intensity of effective lifting frame structure, strengthens the bearing capacity of structural slab 1; And for shearing body, comprise at least two story shear layers, and each shearing layer comprises multiple spaced shearing slip, the shearing slip of adjacent two layers shearing layer is cross-laminated, to form shearing structure, thus can with the frame structure acting in conjunction of matrix, the external force that effective decomposition texture plate 1 bears.Obviously, compared with prior art, each group construction unit 100, along the superimposed setting of structural slab 1 length direction, makes plate core 11 in arranging by multiple frame-shear structure the structure formed.So, can make full use of the combination of frame-shear structure, lift structure plate 1 bears the ability of pressure and pulling force, improves the weight capacity in structural slab 1 plate face especially, deadweight produces when evading its horizontal positioned distortion.
It should be noted that, " structural slab length direction " is and laminates direction, herein in specific embodiment, length direction is the long side direction of the plate core 11 of structural slab 1, should be understood that, length direction is not limited to long side direction, also can form the minor face of plate core 11 after laminating.
In a particular embodiment, one group of construction unit 100 arranges a plate 101 and two story shear layers, wherein, the shearing layer laminated with plate 101 is the first shearing layer, shearing slip is wherein the first shearing slip 111, and the shearing layer laminated on the first shearing layer is the second shearing layer, corresponding second shearing slip 112.Specifically as shown in Figures 2 to 4, plate 101 is rectangle, and the first shearing slip 111 and the second shearing slip 112 are parallelogram, adopt structure like this, technique is simple, is easy to machine-shaping, and the construction unit 100 of tactical rule can be formed, provide safeguard for bearing larger external force.
, form frame structure by a plate 101 herein, certainly, in order to stability, the reliability of lifting frame structure, also can comprise two and with upper sheet space 101.Similarly, be also not limited in two story shear layers herein in shearing structure, multilayer shearing layer also can be set, improve the intensity of plate core 11.
In order to set forth the structure of the plate core 11 of structural slab 1 in this embodiment further, please also refer to shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 7.
Particularly, the width of plate 101 is 14mm as shown in Figure 2, and length is 1200mm, and the height of the first shearing slip 111 and the second shearing slip 112 is also set to 14mm, namely identical with the width of plate 101, height, width are all distances along structural slab 1 thickness direction herein.
As shown in Figure 5, the first shearing slip 111 of parallelogram laminates the surface in plate 101 in interval successively, and in order to ensure the uniformity of plate core 11 holding capacity, preferably the first shearing slip 111 is uniformly distributed at equal intervals.Simultaneously, each parallel surface being distributed in plate 101 of the first shearing slip 111, wherein, one group of limit paralleled of the first shearing slip 111 is superimposed with two long limits of the plate 101 of rectangle respectively, that is, the height of the first shearing slip 111 is equal with the width of plate 101, is such as all set to as 14mm according to above-mentioned setting simultaneously.So, so that the upper and lower surface of plate core 11 is plane, form pressure-bearing plane 100a.
As shown in Figure 6, further the second shearing slip 112 is laminated the surface in the first shearing slip 111, and the second shearing slip 112 forms the structure of intersecting with the first shearing slip 111, i.e. shearing structure.Setting like this, stressed between two shearing slips of mutually bonding effectively to different directions transmission, can draw interference mutually, thus decomposition plate core 11 under tension or pressure, the bearing capacity of riser core 11.
Again shown in composition graphs 7, the first shearing slip 111 laminates and forms the first shearing layer in plate 101, and the second shearing slip 112 continues to laminate in the first shearing slip 111 and forms the second shearing layer, and two story shear layers like this and plate 101 form one group of construction unit 100.Each group of construction unit 100 laminates bonding successively along the direction that laminates of shearing slip, and form the plate core 11 that length is the structural slab 1 of 2400mm, herein, 2400mm is only a kind of example, can laminate the plate core 11 forming other random lengths according to demand.
Further, the pressure-bearing side wall length of shearing slip equals the spacing between shearing slip corresponding to its adjacent shearing layer position, and that is, in figure, the length on the both sides up and down of the second shearing slip 112 equals spacing between the first shearing slip 111.Setting like this, as shown in Figure 6, the pressure-bearing sidewall of the second shearing slip 112 corresponds to the spacing place of two adjacent first shearing slips 111 just, can optimize shearing structure, each shearing structure be interfered mutually, forms complete shearing structure, improve its bearing capacity.
It should be noted that, in this construction unit 100, plate 101 corresponding one deck first shearing layer and one deck second shearing layer, be understandable that, multilayer first shearing layer and multilayer second shearing layer also can be set, only the first shearing layer and the second shearing layer need be made alternately to laminate setting, so that the shearing slip of the shearing layer of adjacent two layers forms shearing structure.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, each group construction unit 100 laminates and forms plate core 11.Be understandable that, the group number that construction unit 100 laminates bonding is more, and plate core 11 pressure-bearing plane 100a is larger along the size laminating direction, and the size of the another side of pressure-bearing plane 100a can be determined by the length dimension of plate 101.In actual production, can according to the length dimension of specification setting plate 101 of structural slab 1 and the group number of the construction unit 100 that will bond.
It should be noted that, herein, plate 101, first shearing slip 111 and the second shearing slip 112 all preferably adopt the thin slice of about 2mm, be convenient to process and fully can meet the requirement forming frame-shear structure, certainly, the thickness of three is thinner, and the frame-shear structure effect of the construction unit 100 formed is more obvious, thus the intensity of more effective lift structure plate 1, improve amount of deflection performance.Also can the thickness of slip be set within the scope of 1mm ~ 10mm, in concrete production, need the thickness of the requirement setting section according to the strength and stiffness of practical structures plate 1.
In addition, the material of slip is not limited to the Wooden slice in this programme, also can be bamboo chip, three-ply board section etc., only needs the sheet material laminating bonding formation shearing structure that can cut into satisfactory thin slice.
Adopt said structure, plate core 11 has the effect of frame-shear structure, and construction unit 100 inside of frame-shear structure exists gap; That is, there is timber and air two media in the inside of structural slab 1, and compare the existing structural slab 1 formed by single material, acoustic wave vibrations can form diffuse reflection in conduction, effectively slackens the conduction of sound wave, the soundproof effect of lift structure plate 1.
Further, compare the structural slab 1 that plate core 11 is solid construction, this structural slab 1 effectively saves material, not only increases the intensity of structural slab 1, also effectively reduces cost, meets the requirement of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In order to improve processing technology, reducing labour intensity, also can do further design to the processing of above-mentioned first shearing slip 111 and the second shearing slip 112.Please in the lump shown in composition graphs 3 and Fig. 4, first shearing slip 111 is consistent with the second shearing slip 112 specification, adds man-hour, and shearing slip laminates on plate 101 along a direction, be the first shearing slip 111, the upset of shearing slip laminates and be the second shearing slip 112 on the first shearing slip 111.So, evade the tedious work of the slip of processing different size, improve working (machining) efficiency, improve the versatility of slip.
For above setting, also can do further design to structural slab 1, shown in composition graphs 7 and Fig. 8, each group of construction unit 100 laminates the pressure-bearing plane 100a forming plate core 11, namely two planes up and down shown in figure, in order to improve the intensity of structural slab 1, the equal glue panel of two pressure-bearing plane 100a, in this programme, preferred density plate 12 is as panel.Certainly, also can choose other sheet material as panel, namely the concrete material of panel is not construed as limiting the technical scheme that the application's request is protected.
So, in pressure-bearing plane (100a) glue panel of plate core 11, can further improve the bearing capacity of structural slab 1, the plate face technique of plate 1 of optimizing structure.
Also can be optimized design to the first shearing slip 111 of centre and the second shearing slip 112 often organizing construction unit 100, particularly, in this programme, the first shearing slip 111 of parallelogram and the angle of the second shearing slip 112 are set to 45 °, so, structural slab 1 can be made to have standard shearing structure that angle of inclination is 45 °, as shown in Figure 10, its tensile strength and compression strength more balanced, strong adaptability.
Certainly, arranging the performance requirement according to structural slab 1 and determining of angle of inclination, when structural slab 1 needs stronger tensile strength, can be set to be less than 45 ° by angle of inclination, such as 30 °, 35 ° etc.; When structural slab 1 pair of anti-pressure ability requires higher, angle of inclination can be set to be greater than 45 °, such as 50 °, 55 ° etc.
Embodiment 2:
Please also refer to Figure 11 to Figure 14, wherein, Figure 11 is the structural representation of pressure-bearing bar horizontal described in the second embodiment; Figure 12 is the structural representation of pressure-bearing slip vertical described in the second embodiment; Figure 13 is the structural representation of the 3rd shearing slip described in the second embodiment; Figure 14 is the structural representation of the 4th shearing slip described in the second embodiment.
Illustrate that the difference of this programme and the first embodiment contacts for clear, the component of said function and structure all adopt same reference numerals to indicate.
The present embodiment compared with the first embodiment, both main body form and Force principle identical, difference is, this programme designs for the sheet strips and glued construction forming construction unit 100.
Shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12, in this programme matrix comprise multiple along structural slab 1 thickness direction extend and spaced horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 and vertical pressure-bearing slip 103.Wherein, horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 is horizontal pressure-bearing body, and multiple vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 forms vertical pressure-bearing body.
Particularly, in this programme, matrix comprises two horizontal pressure-bearing slips 102, lays respectively at top and the bottom of plate core 11, with and multiple vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 forms the effect that vertical pressure-bearing body plays framework jointly.
Certainly, matrix also can comprise a horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102, is positioned at the middle part of plate core 11, so, forms the matrix of multiple cross structure, can play the effect of framework equally, and jointly play the effect of frame-shear structure with shearing body with multiple vertical pressure-bearing plate bar.
Therefore, in plate core 11, the layout number of horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 is not limited to above-mentioned, according to the thickness of plate core 11 and needed for the intensity that reaches can the number of the horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 of reasonably optimizing, and, its horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 is also not limited to vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 and forms complete frame form, and both formation only need be made can to play the structure of framework effect, gripper shoe core 11 stressed.Obviously, the number of horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 and the structure of matrix that formed with vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 thereof are not construed as limiting the technical scheme that the application's request is protected.
Adopt the matrix of said structure, can Optimization Framework structure further, evade the use of large-area plate 101, the undersized timber of abundant Appropriate application, saving material.
In this programme, the formation of shearing structure can see the design in the first embodiment, the 4th shearing slip 114 as shown in Figure 13 the 3rd shearing slip 113 and Figure 14.Wherein, project organization, the size of the 3rd shearing slip 113 can see the forms of the first shearing slip 111, and equally, the project organization of the 4th shearing slip 114, the form of size can see the second shearing slips 112.Certainly, the 3rd shearing slip 113 and the 4th shearing slip 114 position relationship and bond same see the design in the first embodiment between the first shearing slip 111 and the second shearing slip 112, can not repeating them here.
In this programme, the mode that laminates of construction unit 100 can in the lump see shown in Figure 15 to Figure 17.Particularly, in Figure 15, the sidewall of two horizontal pressure-bearing slips 102 forms the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print, 3rd shearing slip 113 is spaced apart successively along vertically laminating direction, laminate with horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102 and be connected, and make the both sides up and down of the 3rd shearing slip 113 concordant with the lower edges of horizontal pressure-bearing body, so form a story shear layer; Figure 16 is for laminating the 4th shearing slip 114 in the 3rd shearing slip 113 surface, and the 4th shearing slip 114 laminates successively on the 3rd shearing slip 113 of correspondence, and arranged in a crossed manner; Finally, multiple vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 is bonded in the surface of the 4th shearing slip 114, and the position of this vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 is preferably placed at the gap between the adjacent 4th shearing slip 114 of two adjacent 3rd shearing slips 113 or two, vertical pressure-bearing slip 103 is equidistantly spaced successively, thus form reliable frame structure with horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102, the intensity of effective lifting frame shear structure.
It should be noted that, said structure is only that the one of construction unit 100 laminates mode, wherein, horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102, vertical pressure-bearing slip 103, laminating between the 3rd shearing slip 113 and the 4th shearing slip 114 sequentially can adjust, and only need form the effect of frame structure and shearing structure.
Each group of construction unit 100 laminates the plate core 11 forming structural slab 1, and the concrete structure of its plate core 11 is please also refer to shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18.Adopt the construction unit 100 of said structure, the timber in production can be made full use of, reduce the large-sized instructions for use of timber.And can be applicable to the lower occasion of requirement of strength, fully reduce the cost of structural slab 1.
The present invention also provides a kind of processing method of plate core 11 of structural slab 1, and this plate core 11 arranges by matrix and shearing body relative tilt the construction unit 100 forming frame-shear structure and laminates shaping, and its matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and vertical pressure-bearing body.In specific embodiment, set forth, please also refer to Figure 19 to Figure 24 for the frame-shear structure form formed in the second embodiment.
Concrete procedure of processing is as follows:
S1, formation shearing body:
First prepare multiple slip, and multiple slip successively interval is arranged formation one story shear layer, final formation two story shear layers.As shown in figure 19, the 3rd shearing slip 113 successively interval is arranged, and forms a story shear layer; As shown in figure 20, the 4th shearing slip 114 laminates successively and is bonded on the 3rd shearing slip 113, the slip square crossing mutually laminated.
Adopt aforesaid way, form the shearing body formed by two story shear layers, certainly, the number of plies of the shearing layer of shearing body is not limited thereto, the number of plies of shearing layer can be set according to required plate core 11 intensity, only need meet the slip that in adjacent two layers shearing layer, position is corresponding cross-laminated.
S2, formation matrix:
Prepare multiple slip, as shown in figure 21, multiple slip is horizontally arranged at interval successively, is namely equidistantly spaced successively to form horizontal pressure-bearing body by horizontal pressure-bearing slip 102; Again multiple slip successively vertical interval is arranged, arrange at equal intervals successively to form vertical pressure-bearing body by vertical pressure-bearing slip 103; Wherein, the side of horizontal pressure-bearing body and shearing body laminates side and laminates, and vertical pressure-bearing body laminates mutually with the side that laminates of the opposite side of shearing body, and both form matrix jointly.
In this programme, sheet strip adoption and the slip forming shearing layer same size, so that machine-shaping simultaneously, reduce the amount of labour.Certainly, also can adopt the slip of other specifications, only need the slip that can form matrix.
S3, form one group of construction unit 100:
The horizontal pressure-bearing body formed in S2 is laminated, as shown in figure 22 after the shearing body formed in S1 is rotated 45 °; Again the vertical pressure-bearing body formed in S2 is laminated in above-mentioned shearing body, as shown in figure 23, thus make matrix and shearing body tilt setting, to form frame-shear structure, form one group of construction unit 100.
The formation of construction unit 100 is not limited to and above-mentionedly laminates order, also can laminate order by other, such as, first horizontal pressure-bearing body and vertical pressure-bearing body be laminated, then shearing body is laminated the surface in wherein one, thus formation one group of construction unit 100.Therefore the order that laminates when forming construction unit 100 is not construed as limiting the technical scheme of the application's request protection.
Certainly, in said method, only so that shearing body is rotated 45 °, choose other anglecs of rotation and can be adapted to the method equally, therefore, herein the restriction of the anglec of rotation is not construed as limiting the technical scheme of the application's request protection.
S4, formation plate core 11:
The identical construction unit 100 of many groups will be formed in S3, then continue laminate, to form the plate core 11 of structural slab 1 by organizing the direction that laminates of construction unit 100 along matrix and shearing body more; After laminating, the vertical pressure-bearing body of each group construction unit 100 extends along plate core 11 thickness direction, and that is, the direction of the vertical pressure-bearing body of the matrix in construction unit 100 forms the thickness direction of plate core 11.
In order to adapt to plate core 11 demand of different-thickness specification, aforesaid way also can be utilized to form plate core 11 after, further intercepting platelet core 11, specifically as shown in figure 24, can intercept along any two direction of arrow, namely along the horizontal cutting of plate core 11, be formed in plate core 11 vertical at least comprise the platelet core 11 of a frame-shear structure.
So, the plate core 11 of different structure plate 1 can be formed according to thickness specification and requirement of strength, therefore, adopt the plate core 11 of aforesaid way processing structure plate 1, simple and convenient, and adaptability, flexibility are high.
In concrete processing method, matrix also can be adopted and be formed in another way.Prepare a plate 101 and form matrix, this plate 101 specifically can be rectangle, can meet and laminate on plate 101, to form one group of construction unit 100 by above-mentioned shearing body rotation.Adopt as the method forms matrix, simple and convenient, and the intensity of structural slab 1 is higher.
In this embodiment, only the formation of matrix is different, and other steps with reference to above-mentioned procedure of processing, can not repeat them here.
Above the processing method of structural slab provided by the present invention and plate core thereof is described in detail.Only set forth for object lesson of the present invention herein, the explanation of above specific embodiment just understands method of the present invention and core concept thereof for helping.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from feature of the present invention, if can also make these improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. a plate core for structural slab, is characterized in that, described plate core (11) is provided with organizes construction unit (100) more, and described construction unit (100) is stacked pressure viscosity successively along described structural slab (1) length direction and closes;
Often organize described construction unit (100) and include the matrix laminating to be formed frame-shear structure along described structural slab (1) length direction and the shearing body be obliquely installed relative to described matrix;
The vertical pressure-bearing body that described matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and extends along described structural slab (1) thickness direction, described shearing body comprises at least two story shear layers, each described shearing layer comprises multiple spaced shearing slip, and the described shearing slip that described shearing slip is corresponding with adjacent described shearing layer position is cross-laminated.
2. plate core according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described horizontal pressure-bearing body and described vertical pressure-bearing body are wholely set and form plate (101).
3. plate core according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described matrix comprise multiple along described structural slab (1) thickness direction extend and spaced horizontal pressure-bearing slip (102) and vertical pressure-bearing slip (103), described horizontal pressure-bearing slip (102) is described horizontal pressure-bearing body, and multiple described vertical pressure-bearing slip (103) forms described vertical pressure-bearing body.
4. plate core according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described matrix comprises two described horizontal pressure-bearing slips (102), lays respectively at top and the bottom of described plate core (11); Or described matrix comprises a described horizontal pressure-bearing slip (102), be positioned at described plate core (11) middle part.
5. plate core according to claim 3, is characterized in that, multiple described vertical pressure-bearing slip (103) is equidistantly spaced successively; The position of described vertical pressure-bearing slip (103) corresponds to the gap of described shearing layer.
6. plate core according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that, the described shearing slip all equidistantly capable setting of Horizon of each described shearing layer.
7. plate core according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the pressure-bearing side wall length of described shearing slip equals the spacing between described shearing slip corresponding to its adjacent described shearing layer position.
8. plate core according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described in described in adjacent two layers, shearing layer laminates mutually two, the intersecting angle of shearing slip is 45 °.
9. a structural slab, comprises plate core, it is characterized in that, the plate core (11) of described plate core according to any one of claim 1 to 8.
10. structural slab according to claim 9, is characterized in that, the pressure-bearing plane (100a) of described plate core (11) is bonded with panel, to form the top layer of described structural slab (1).
The processing method of 11. 1 kinds of structural slab plate cores, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
The shearing body forming matrix and be obliquely installed relative to described matrix, the two forms frame-shear structure, and described matrix has the horizontal pressure-bearing body of continuous print and vertical pressure-bearing body;
Described shearing body is formed in the following manner:
Prepare multiple slip;
Multiple described slip interval is arranged formation one story shear layer, at least two-layer described shearing layer of final formation;
All described shearing layers laminate successively, and make the described slip that described slip is corresponding with adjacent described shearing layer position cross-laminated;
Described matrix and described shearing body laminate formation one group of construction unit (100);
The described plate core (11) that described construction unit (100) laminates to be formed structural slab (1) will be organized more, it is identical that this laminates direction and described matrix, described shearing body laminates direction, after laminating, the described vertical pressure-bearing body of the described construction unit of each group (100) extends along described plate core (11) thickness direction.
12. processing methods according to claim 11, is characterized in that, prepare a plate (101), form described matrix.
13. processing methods according to claim 11, is characterized in that, described matrix is formed in the following manner:
Prepare multiple slip;
Multiple described slip horizontally set is formed described horizontal pressure-bearing body, and multiple described slip vertically arranges and forms described vertical pressure-bearing body, and both form described matrix.
14., according to claim 11 to the processing method described in 13 any one, is characterized in that, described plate core (11) forms multiple described frame-shear structure on vertical; By the transversely cutting of described plate core (11), form some platelet cores at least comprising a described frame-shear structure on vertically.
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WO2018001266A1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 镇江市阳光西尔新材料科技有限公司 Artificial panel and panel core thereof
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