CN104068242A - Crucian feed for improving gastrointestinal function and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Crucian feed for improving gastrointestinal function and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104068242A
CN104068242A CN201410199941.2A CN201410199941A CN104068242A CN 104068242 A CN104068242 A CN 104068242A CN 201410199941 A CN201410199941 A CN 201410199941A CN 104068242 A CN104068242 A CN 104068242A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
crucian
powder
gained
feed
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CN201410199941.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范治淮
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范治淮
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Priority to CN201410199941.2A priority Critical patent/CN104068242A/en
Publication of CN104068242A publication Critical patent/CN104068242A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a crucian feed for improving the gastrointestinal function. The crucian feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 180-190 parts of puffed wheat, 10-13 parts of walnut kernel meal, 10-12 parts of clove rice wine, 9-12 parts of honey, 3-4 parts of white sugar, 1-2 parts of rumex japonicus meisn, 1-2 parts of musk, 1-2 parts of scallion roots, 3-4 parts of red-crested crane bones, 5-7 parts of sweet potato leaves, 4-5 parts of cherry leaves, 3-4 parts of buckwheat leaves, 7-10 parts of lemon vinegar, 5-6 parts of squid liver powder, 4-5 parts of roasted soybean dreg powder, 4-5 parts of rice bran powder, 3-4 parts of vitamin E preparations, 5-6 parts of additives and an appropriate amount of water. The crucian feed for improving the gastrointestinal function is readily available in raw materials and simple in preparation method; meanwhile, the walnut kernel meal, clove rice wine, honey, sweet potato leaves, cherry leaves, buckwheat leaves and the like are added into the feed, so that the feed has the effects of strengthening the spleen and stomach, detoxifying and the like; and the added lemon vinegar effectively improves poor gastrointestinal condition of crucian, increases the food intake of the crucian, reduces the incidence of crucian diseases, and is favorable for healthy growth of the crucian.

Description

One is improved stomach crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
?
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly one is improved stomach crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the expansion gradually of fish culture scale, fish meal is comparatively rapid in the development of China, China is also one of country of freshwater fish culturing maximum, because human lives is constantly improving the supply requirement of the energy, per capita for the increase of fish consumption requirements, make cultivation present situation and the scale of economic animal also have constantly and claim, the general layout of whole market also has larger change, aquaculture is in China's history of existing more than 2,000 year, China is the first in the world aquaculture and aquatic products trade big country, and fish aquaculture amount accounts for global 70%.The fish meal of high-quality also becomes the emphasis of people's research, traditional fish meal adopts thick mixed mode to make mostly, or composition is single, not only cause the pollution of water body, after fish is edible, also can digest and absorb the situations such as rate is not high, and build is bad, also reduce the resistance of fish, reduce the cultivation income of fish, simultaneously large heavy discount all on the output of fish and nutritive value.Fish meal of the present invention, can effectively improve above-mentioned condition, not only can improve the survival rate of fish, disease-resistant rate, can also meet the long required nutrition of sashimi (raw fish), enhancing development.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, provides one to improve stomach crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: extruded wheat 180-190, walnut kernel dregs of rice 10-13, cloves rice wine 10-12, honey 9-12, white sugar 3-4, rumex root 1-2, Moschus 1-2, green onion must 1-2, crane bone 3-4, pachyrhizus leaf 5-7, cherry leaf 4-5, buckwheat leaf 3-4, lemon vinegar 7-10, cuttlefish liver meal 5-6, baked bean ground-slag 4-5, bran powder 4-5, Vitamin E preparation 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, kelp 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, ginkgo biloba succi 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, ginkgo biloba succi, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) rumex root, Moschus, green onion palpus, crane bone, white sugar are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating filtrate and filter residue, for subsequent use;
(2) pachyrhizus leaf, cherry leaf, buckwheat leaf are ground to form to juice with lemon vinegar, for subsequent use;
(3) the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized after mixing with the juice of cuttlefish liver meal, baked bean ground-slag, bran powder, step 2 gained again and put into frying pan fried dry, mix with filtrate and the suitable quantity of water of step 1 gained again, stir, granulation, putting into bulking machine carries out expanded again, dry, obtain swelling granular, for subsequent use;
(4) rear the filter residue oven dry of step 1 gained and extruded wheat, the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized, then mix with other residual components, dry, granulation, obtains premix, for subsequent use;
(5) premix of the swelling granular of step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
In auxiliary agent, sweet basil is Labiatae basil, has dispelling wind promoting the circulation of qi, the function that dampness elimination helps digestion, invigorates blood circulation, detoxifies.
In raw material, warm in nature, nontoxic, the bitter of Moschus, enters the heart, spleen, Liver Channel, has the function of having one's ideas straightened out, warding off dirty, dredging collateral, scattered silt.Rumex root is the root of plant polygonaceae curled dock or sheep hoof, and bitter, cold in nature is returned spleen, stomach, liver, large intestine, urinary bladder channel, has the effect anticancer, heat clearing and inflammation relieving that relieves internal heat.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The stomach crucian carp feed that improves of the present invention, raw material are easy to get, preparation method is simple, in feed, the walnut kernel dregs of rice, cloves rice wine, honey, pachyrhizus leaf, cherry leaf, buckwheat leaf etc. have been added simultaneously, have the effect such as strengthening the spleen and stomach, removing toxic substances, the lemon vinegar of increase has effectively improved the stomach undesirable condition of crucian, increases the food-intake of crucian, reduce the incidence of crucian disease, be conducive to the healthy growth of crucian.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made: extruded wheat 185, the walnut kernel dregs of rice 12, cloves rice wine 11, honey 10, white sugar 3, rumex root 1, Moschus 1, green onion must 2, crane bone 3, pachyrhizus leaf 6, cherry leaf 5, buckwheat leaf 4, lemon vinegar 8, cuttlefish liver meal 5, baked bean ground-slag 5, bran powder 4, Vitamin E preparation 3, auxiliary agent 5, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kg): corn flour 35, kelp 25, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2, osmanthus honey 5, ginkgo biloba succi 1, soybean lecithin 2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 11, spirulina powder 7, egg liquid 13, calcined oyster shell powder 3, lepidium seed 1, bitter orange flower 4, sweet basil 1, Vitamin B complex preparation 1, tomato juice 23, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, ginkgo biloba succi, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 5 minutes, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) rumex root, Moschus, green onion palpus, crane bone, white sugar are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, separating filtrate and filter residue, for subsequent use;
(2) pachyrhizus leaf, cherry leaf, buckwheat leaf are ground to form to juice with lemon vinegar, for subsequent use;
(3) the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized after mixing with the juice of cuttlefish liver meal, baked bean ground-slag, bran powder, step 2 gained again and put into frying pan fried dry, mix with filtrate and the suitable quantity of water of step 1 gained again, stir, granulation, putting into bulking machine carries out expanded again, dry, obtain swelling granular, for subsequent use;
(4) rear the filter residue oven dry of step 1 gained and extruded wheat, the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized, then mix with other residual components, dry, granulation, obtains premix, for subsequent use;
(5) premix of the swelling granular of step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided at random experimental group and control group, every group 200, putting into respectively the fishpond that water quality is identical raises, experimental group is raised fish meal of the present invention, control group is raised common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, quantity feeds intake, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compared with control group, the fish survival rate of experimental group rises to more than 99%, the long balanced growth of body is more than 12%, disease-resistant rate is greatly enhanced.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is improved stomach crucian carp feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: extruded wheat 180-190, walnut kernel dregs of rice 10-13, cloves rice wine 10-12, honey 9-12, white sugar 3-4, rumex root 1-2, Moschus 1-2, green onion must 1-2, crane bone 3-4, pachyrhizus leaf 5-7, cherry leaf 4-5, buckwheat leaf 3-4, lemon vinegar 7-10, cuttlefish liver meal 5-6, baked bean ground-slag 4-5, bran powder 4-5, Vitamin E preparation 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, kelp 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, ginkgo biloba succi 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, ginkgo biloba succi, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
2. improve stomach crucian carp feed according to described in claims 1, it is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) rumex root, Moschus, green onion palpus, crane bone, white sugar are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating filtrate and filter residue, for subsequent use;
(2) pachyrhizus leaf, cherry leaf, buckwheat leaf are ground to form to juice with lemon vinegar, for subsequent use;
(3) the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized after mixing with the juice of cuttlefish liver meal, baked bean ground-slag, bran powder, step 2 gained again and put into frying pan fried dry, mix with filtrate and the suitable quantity of water of step 1 gained again, stir, granulation, putting into bulking machine carries out expanded again, dry, obtain swelling granular, for subsequent use;
(4) rear the filter residue oven dry of step 1 gained and extruded wheat, the walnut kernel dregs of rice are pulverized, then mix with other residual components, dry, granulation, obtains premix, for subsequent use;
(5) premix of the swelling granular of step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
CN201410199941.2A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Crucian feed for improving gastrointestinal function and preparation method thereof CN104068242A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141714A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-12 湖南文理学院 Green crucian feed and manufacture method thereof
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461707A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 通威股份有限公司 Fish meal-free crucian breeding expanded compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103519026A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 徐芳 Fodder for carps

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141714A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-12 湖南文理学院 Green crucian feed and manufacture method thereof
CN103461707A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 通威股份有限公司 Fish meal-free crucian breeding expanded compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103519026A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 徐芳 Fodder for carps

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Application publication date: 20141001

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