CN104061305B - A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine - Google Patents

A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104061305B
CN104061305B CN201410325261.0A CN201410325261A CN104061305B CN 104061305 B CN104061305 B CN 104061305B CN 201410325261 A CN201410325261 A CN 201410325261A CN 104061305 B CN104061305 B CN 104061305B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
disintegrating
forming
frame
stalk
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410325261.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104061305A (en
Inventor
李骅
钱燕
鲜洁宇
钱有张
尹文庆
况少华
姜伟强
熊敏
黄红亮
Original Assignee
南京农业大学
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Priority to CN201410325261.0A priority Critical patent/CN104061305B/en
Publication of CN104061305A publication Critical patent/CN104061305A/en
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Publication of CN104061305B publication Critical patent/CN104061305B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00
    • F16H37/12Gearings comprising primarily toothed or friction gearing, links or levers, and cams, or members of at least two of these types
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D82/00Crop conditioners, i.e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D89/00Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops
    • A01D89/001Pick-up systems

Abstract

A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine, it is characterised in that including power input shaft, pick-up mechanism, conveyer belt, disintegrating mechanism, forming machanism, vehicle frame, V belt wheels group, conical gear group, attachment means etc.;The all-in-one pick-up mechanism is located in frame shell, and the support shaft in the middle of pick-up mechanism is connected on frame shell by bearing;And disintegrating mechanism, forming machanism are fixed on frame shell by pulverizer support frame and cuber support frame respectively;It is described collect, crush, forming integrated machine work when behind tractor-drawn, tractor power output shaft export power as all-in-one total output;The power output shaft connection of power input shaft and tractor on all-in-one, power is sent to pick-up mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, forming machanism by belt wheel respectively.

Description

A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine
Technical field
The present invention is used to after harvesting dry the rice straw of 3-5 days in field, can be by moisture content in field 20% or so Rice straw is collected, crushed, compound stalk forming is stalk fuel.
Background technology
As non-renewable resources are constantly reduced, now it is badly in need of a kind of new energy and replaces regenerative resource.China produces per annual meeting Raw a large amount of stalks, but situation very severe is wasted, if straw is made into fuel, stalk fuel and the coal facies ratio of shaping, It volatilizees few, and black smoke is few, and burning is lasting, therefore replaces with straw briquette fuel non-renewable energy resources to be one very having and study The problem of value.The straw briquette fuel process of China's production at this stage is to arrive first to collect stalk in field and then pass through transportation depot It is sent to pulverizing processing factory to be crushed, the particle after crushing is sent to stalk forming factory by transportation depot again and carries out compound stalk forming It is processed as stalk fuel.Transport in this course is very cumbersome, not only wastes time and energy, in addition it is also necessary to stalk and stalk particle Stored.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is the problem of presence for existing straw briquette fuel processing complicated processes, it is proposed that a farming The instant straw collecting in ground, crushing, forming integrated machine.Stalk is molded over field directly complete by all-in-one from collection → crushing → Into, it is not necessary to stalk and stalk particle are constantly transported, production cost is greatly reduced.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that including power input shaft, collecting machine Structure, conveyer belt, disintegrating mechanism, forming machanism, vehicle frame, V belt wheels group, conical gear group, attachment means etc..The all-in-one is picked up Mechanism is located in frame shell, and the support shaft in the middle of pick-up mechanism is connected on frame shell by bearing.And disintegrating mechanism, cuber Structure is fixed on frame shell by pulverizer support frame and cuber support frame respectively.The collection, crushing, forming integrated machine work When making behind tractor-drawn, tractor power output shaft export power as all-in-one total output.On all-in-one Power input shaft and tractor power output shaft connection, by belt wheel respectively by power send to pick-up mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, Forming machanism.
The pick-up mechanism of the present invention includes reel spring tine mechanism, Qu Dao, conveyer belt rotating shaft and frame shell.Reel spring tine mechanism Middle support shaft and conveyer belt rotating shaft is connected on frame shell by bearing respectively, can be rotated.And bent road is directly fixed It cannot rotate, the elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism stretches out out of groove between Qu Dao, be formed interlaced in frame shell Form is to facilitate the operating of reel elastic claw.The stalk that elastic claw is picked up is easy to along its surface slide downward in bent road, then by defeated Send band that stalk is sent in disintegrating mechanism.
The bearing of support reel elastic claw axle and the bearing of support belt rotating shaft of the present invention is 2, is separately mounted to The both sides of frame shell.Elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism is fixed in U-type groove within the roll, and can produce certain elasticity change Shape.
The disintegrating mechanism of the present invention includes a pair of tooth plates, a sieve, a fan and 8 groups of hammer leaves.Hammer slice axis passes through one Bearing is connected on disintegrator shell, a pair of tooth plates are separately fixed at pulverizer top half, sieve is fixed under pulverizer Half part, fan is arranged in the fan room beside pulverizer, and fan room bottom is connected with crushing motor spindle.Fan rotary Into negative pressure, chippy stalk particle is suctioned out, is transported to by attachment means in forming machanism.
The forming machanism of the present invention includes a pair of rollers, material separating disc, template and discharging opening, and the position of two rollers is on mould Plate center line is symmetrical, and the center line of material separating disc is overlapped with the center line of template, and above template.Template is fixed on cuber The bottom of housing, stalk particle is under the extruding of roller and template, and final molding is discharged by discharging opening.
Bearing is respectively provided with a pair of rollers of the present invention, template center is also about while roller is around own axis Line revolves round the sun.In addition forming machanism uses flat-die briquetting technique.
There are a pulverizer support frame, cuber support frame, a bevel gear support frame and one above the vehicle frame of the present invention To wheel hub.There is axis hole on vehicle frame, axle two ends are connected with bevel gear with V belt wheels respectively.Disintegrating mechanism and forming machanism divide simultaneously It is not bolted and is fixed on pulverizer support frame and cuber support frame.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The power transmission of the present invention realizes the deceleration transmission compared with big speed ratio to reach by the different V belt wheels of 6 packet sizes To the required working speed of every kind of mechanism.The change of transmission direction is realized by 3 groups of conical gears, so as to realize whole mechanism Normal operating.
In the instant straw collecting in field of the present invention, crushing, forming integrated machine, its power input shaft is completed by belt wheel group Primary speed-down simultaneously transfers power to bevel gear set, and bevel gear set completes 2 grades while changing transmission direction and slowed down and by power It is delivered to and gives belt wheel group, so as to drives disintegrating mechanism to be operated.
In the instant straw collecting in field of the present invention, crushing, forming integrated machine, its power input shaft is completed by belt wheel group One-level accelerates and transfers power to bevel gear set, and bevel gear set completes 2 grades while changing transmission direction and accelerated and by power Belt wheel group is delivered to, belt wheel group completes three-level and accelerates to transfer power to disintegrating mechanism, so that needed for disintegrating mechanism acquisition Rotating speed and power.
In the instant straw collecting in field of the present invention, crushing, forming integrated machine, its belt wheel group imparts power to bevel gear Group, completes primary speed-down and imparts power to belt wheel group, belt wheel group completes 2 grades and subtracted while bevel gear set changes transmission direction Speed finally imparts power to forming machanism, forming machanism is obtained required rotating speed and power.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure top view of the present invention.
Wherein:1st, power input shaft;2nd, conveyer belt;3rd, disintegrating mechanism;4th, forming machanism;5th, discharging opening;6th, cuber branch Support;7th, pulverizer support frame;8th, nave boss;9th, V belt wheels 10, bevel gear support frame;11st, vehicle frame;12nd, V belt wheels group;13rd, frame Shell;14th, conveyer belt rotating shaft;15th, support shaft;16th, pick-up mechanism;17th, reel spring tine mechanism;18th, Qu Dao;19th, conical gear group; 20th, conical gear group;21st, V belt wheels group 22, V belt wheel groups;23rd, V belt wheels group;24th, V belt wheels group;25th, conical gear group;26th, wind Fan;27th, sieve;28th, hammer leaf;29th, tooth plate;30th, attachment means;31st, roller;32nd, material separating disc;33rd, template.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As illustrated, a kind of field stalk is collected, crushed immediately, forming integrated machine, its principal organ inputs including power Axle (1), pick-up mechanism (16), conveyer belt (2), disintegrating mechanism (3), forming machanism (4), vehicle frame (11), V belt wheels group (9,12, 21st, 22,23,24), conical gear group (19,20,25), attachment means (30) etc..The all-in-one pick-up mechanism (16) is located at machine In frame shell (13), the support shaft (15) in the middle of pick-up mechanism (16) is connected on frame shell (13) by bearing, disintegrating mechanism (3), forming machanism (4) is fixed on vehicle frame (11) by pulverizer support frame (7) and cuber support frame (6) respectively;Collect, The power that power output shaft is exported behind tractor-drawn, tractor when crushing, forming integrated machine work is used as all-in-one Total output;Power input shaft (1) on all-in-one is connected with the power output shaft of tractor, by V belt wheels (9,12,21,22, 23rd, 24) power is sent to pick-up mechanism (16), disintegrating mechanism (3), forming machanism (4) respectively.
The pick-up mechanism of the present invention includes reel spring tine mechanism 17, bent road 18, support shaft 15, conveyer belt rotating shaft 14, frame Shell 13, the bearing being connected with the support shaft of reel spring tine mechanism and conveyer belt rotating shaft is separately mounted to frame shell two ends, during work It can rotate, bent road is directly anchored to frame shell two ends, can not be rotated during work.
The disintegrating mechanism of the present invention includes tooth plate 29, hammer leaf 28, sieve 27 and fan 26, and a pair of tooth plates are located at disintegrating mechanism Upper end, sieve aperture is located at pulverizer lower end, and fan is located in the fan room beside pulverizer, fan room bottom and pulverizer bottom phase It is logical.During work, fan rotates the negative pressure produced and the stalk particle fallen by sieve is suctioned out, and pressure is sent to via attachment means 30 Block mechanism 4.
The forming machanism of the present invention includes a pair of rollers 31, material separating disc 32, template 33 and discharging opening 5, and stalk particle is divided Charging tray is evenly distributed in template, and roller is suppressed stalk particle according to the shape in hole in template, the stalk being extruded Briquetting is discharged by discharging opening again.
The transmission mechanism of the present invention includes 6 groups of belt wheels 9,12,21,22,23,24 and conical gear group 19,20,25, passes through The deceleration transmission compared with big speed ratio is realized by the different belt wheel of 6 packet sizes to reach that the required work of every kind of mechanism turns Speed.The change of transmission direction is realized by 3 groups of conical gears, so as to realize that whole mechanism is normally operated.
During work, power input shaft 1 is connected by universal joint with tractor output shaft, and tractor output shaft transmits power To all-in-one, all-in-one input shaft 1 is connected with belt wheel, and power is being transmitted to pick-up mechanism respectively by belt wheel group and bevel gear honor 16th, disintegrating mechanism 3 and forming machanism 4, so as to drive three mechanisms normally to run.Pick-up mechanism plays the straw field pickup in field Crushed to be conveyed to disintegrating mechanism 3 by conveyer belt 2 again, the stalk of crushing is suctioned out after being screened through sieve by blower fan, is passed through Attachment means, which are transported in forming machanism 4, carries out final compound stalk forming.Compressing stalk fuel is again by the row of discharging opening 5 Go out.
Part that the present invention does not relate to is same as the prior art or can be realized using prior art.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of field stalk is collected, crushed immediately, forming integrated machine, its principal organ includes power input shaft (1), collecting machine Structure (16), conveyer belt (2), disintegrating mechanism (3), forming machanism (4), vehicle frame (11), V belt wheels group (9,12,21,22,23,24), Conical gear group (19,20,25), attachment means (30);It is characterized in that the all-in-one pick-up mechanism (16) is located at frame shell (13) in, the support shaft (15) in the middle of pick-up mechanism (16) is connected on frame shell (13) by bearing, disintegrating mechanism (3), pressure Block mechanism (4) is fixed on vehicle frame (11) by disintegrating mechanism support frame (7) and forming machanism support frame (6) respectively;Collection, powder The power that power output shaft is exported behind tractor-drawn, tractor when broken, forming integrated machine works is used as the total of all-in-one Power;Power input shaft (1) on all-in-one is connected with the power output shaft of tractor, by V belt wheels (9,12,21,22,23, 24) power is sent to pick-up mechanism (16), disintegrating mechanism (3), forming machanism (4) respectively;
Pick-up mechanism (16) includes reel spring tine mechanism (17), bent road (18), conveyer belt rotating shaft (14) and frame shell (13);Reel Support shaft (15) and conveyer belt rotating shaft (14) in the middle of spring tine mechanism (17) are connected on frame shell (13) by bearing respectively, It can rotate;And bent road (18) is directly anchored to rotate in frame shell (13), the elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism (17) Stretched out out of groove between Qu Dao (18), form interlaced form to facilitate the operating of reel elastic claw;Bent road (18) is easy to Then stalk is sent in disintegrating mechanism (3) by the stalk that elastic claw is picked up along its surface slide downward by conveyer belt (2);
Described vehicle frame (11) has a disintegrating mechanism support frame (7), forming machanism support frame (6), a bevel gear branch above Support (10) and pair of wheels hub (8);There is axis hole on vehicle frame (11), axle two ends are connected with bevel gear with V belt wheels respectively;While powder Broken mechanism (3) and forming machanism (4) are bolted respectively is fixed on disintegrating mechanism support frame (7) and forming machanism support frame (6) on;
All-in-one power transmission realizes the deceleration compared with big speed ratio by the different belt wheel of 6 packet sizes (9,12,21,22,23,24) Transmission is so as to reach the required working speed of every kind of mechanism;Transmission direction is realized by 3 groups of conical gears (19,20,25) Change, so as to realize that whole mechanism is normally operated;Described power input shaft (1) completes one-level by belt wheel group five (23) and subtracted Speed simultaneously transfers power to conical gear group three (25), and completing 2 grades while conical gear group three (25) changes transmission direction subtracts Speed simultaneously transfers power to belt wheel group six (24), so as to drive disintegrating mechanism to be operated.
2. field stalk according to claim 1 is collected, crushed immediately, forming integrated machine, it is characterised in that with support shaft (15) bearing and the bearing of support belt rotating shaft (14) connected is 2, is separately fixed at the two ends of frame shell (13); Elastic claw on reel spring tine mechanism (17) is fixed in U-type groove within the roll, and can produce certain elastic deformation;Described powder Broken mechanism (3) includes a pair of tooth plates (29), a sieve (27), a fan (26) and 8 groups of hammer leaves (28);Hammer slice axis passes through one On the shell that disintegrating mechanism (3) are connected to bearing, a pair of tooth plates (29) are separately fixed at the top half of disintegrating mechanism (3), Sieve (27) is fixed on the latter half of disintegrating mechanism (3), and fan (26) is arranged on the fan room on the side of disintegrating mechanism (3) Interior, fan room bottom is connected with disintegrating mechanism (3) bottom;Fan (26) rotation forms negative pressure, by chippy stalk particle Suction out, be transported to by attachment means (30) in forming machanism (4).
3. field stalk according to claim 1 is collected, crushed immediately, forming integrated machine, it is characterised in that forming machanism (4) a pair of rollers (31), material separating disc (32), template (33) and discharging opening (5) are included, the position of two rollers (31) is on template Center line is symmetrical, and the center line of material separating disc (32) is overlapped with the center line of template (33), and above template (33);Template (33) be fixed on the bottom of the housing of forming machanism (4), stalk particle under the extruding of roller (31) and template (33), finally into Type is discharged by discharging opening (5);Bearing is respectively provided with described a pair of rollers (31), roller (31) is around the same of own axis When be also about template (33) center line revolution;In addition forming machanism (4) uses flat-die briquetting technique.
4. field stalk according to claim 1 is collected, crushed immediately, forming integrated machine, it is characterised in that power is inputted Axle (1) is accelerated by belt wheel group four (22) completion one-level and transfers power to conical gear group one (19), conical gear group one (19) 2 grades are completed while changing transmission direction and accelerates and transfer power to belt wheel group two (12), belt wheel group two (12) is completed Three-level accelerates to transfer power to disintegrating mechanism, so that disintegrating mechanism obtains required rotating speed and power and described belt wheel Two (12) of group impart power to conical gear group two (20), and conical gear group two (20) completes one while changing transmission direction Level is slowed down and imparts power to belt wheel group one (9), and belt wheel group one (9) completes 2 grades of decelerations and finally imparts power to cuber Structure, makes forming machanism obtain required rotating speed and power.
CN201410325261.0A 2014-07-07 2014-07-07 A kind of instant straw collecting in field, crushing, forming integrated machine CN104061305B (en)

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CN104061305B true CN104061305B (en) 2017-09-26

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CN104303719B (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-01-11 格薪源生物质燃料有限公司 Comprehensive crop straw harvesting machine
CN104475189A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 苏州青青生态种植园 Crushing device for straw crushing production line
CN104396469A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-03-11 苏州青青生态种植园 Dust removal equipment applied to straw chopping production line
CN104396470A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-03-11 苏州青青生态种植园 Straw chopping production line
CN104641781B (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-04-06 青岛理工大学 A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester
CN105082604A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-25 海安匙鸣机械制造有限公司 Novel fully-automatic straw smashing and forming machine
CN105251583A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 吴绍莲 Straw crushing and packaging machine
CN109315149B (en) * 2016-12-25 2021-02-12 海安绒克纺织有限公司 Intelligent agricultural weeding and field returning extruder
CN108093876B (en) * 2017-12-28 2021-03-12 青岛联合智造科技有限公司 Hand-push type automatic curling and collecting machine for grassland pasture in livestock industry
CN109041753A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-21 王奇龙 A kind of herbage straw field pickup descaling machine

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