CN104060845A - Temporary fixing structure for steel column and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Temporary fixing structure for steel column and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104060845A
CN104060845A CN201410307092.8A CN201410307092A CN104060845A CN 104060845 A CN104060845 A CN 104060845A CN 201410307092 A CN201410307092 A CN 201410307092A CN 104060845 A CN104060845 A CN 104060845A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
hoop plate
hoop
steel column
architecture basics
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CN201410307092.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104060845B (en
Inventor
李林海
魏广忠
曹海良
李景林
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a temporary fixing structure for a steel column and a construction method thereof. The temporary fixing structure for the steel column comprises at least one first hoop plate and a second hoop plate which are adapted to the outer column surface of the steel column in shape; first connecting plates are respectively arranged on the two sides of the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate; the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate are hooped on the outer column surface of the steel column by fixedly connecting the first connecting plates; second connecting plates are respectively arranged on the bottoms of the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate; the second connecting plates are fixedly connected with a structural base, so that the first hoop plate, the second hoop plate and the steel column hooped in the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate are fixed to the structural base. The steel column is hooped by adopting the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate, and the second connecting plates on the bottoms of the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate are fixed to the structural base, so that the steel column is firmly fixed to the structural base; a ground anchor and a wind rope are replaced; the temporary fixing structure for the steel column is easy to operate and firm in structure.

Description

A kind of steel column temporary fixing structure and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the realm of building construction, relate in particular to a kind of steel column temporary fixing structure and construction method thereof.
Background technology
In steel work band slippage installing engineering, as individual layer large-span steel coal canopy, construction process is first to carry out the installation of steel column and roof structure in lifting region, after sliding element has lifted, adopts sliding technology to complete the installation of structure.But in the structure hoisting stage, between steel column and basis, need to take temporary fixed measure.
Traditional method of temporarily fixing is: after steel column hoisted in position, by establishing earth anchor, to add cable rope temporary fixed by it, and it is manually more that this method amount of high-altitude operation expends greatly, and earth anchor and cable rope turnover utilization rate are low, therefore uneconomical practicality.Particularly conventional method is higher to site requirements, and as constructed in to the temporary fixed environment that causes difficulty of structure at existing railway line, high-voltage line, periphery obstruction, conventional method even cannot be implemented.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention be to provide a kind of make simple, peace is torn open conveniently, economical and practical, low to site requirements steel column temporary fixing structure and construction method thereof.
For realizing above-mentioned technique effect, the invention discloses a kind of steel column temporary fixing structure, for described steel column is fixed on to architecture basics, described temporary fixing structure comprises that shape adapts at least one the first hoop plate and the one second hoop plate of described steel column outer cylinder, the both sides of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate are respectively equipped with the first junction plate, and by being fixedly connected with described the first junction plate, described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate hoop are located on described steel column outer cylinder, the bottom of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is respectively equipped with the second junction plate, described the second junction plate is fixedly connected on described architecture basics, thereby by described the first hoop plate, the steel column that described the second hoop plate and hoop are located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is fixed on described architecture basics.
The present invention is owing to having adopted above technical scheme, making it have following beneficial effect is: adopt the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate banding steel column, fix by the second junction plate and the architecture basics of the first hoop plate and the second hoop plate bottom again, thereby steel column is fixed on architecture basics firmly, replace earth anchor and cable rope, simple to operate, sound construction.Whole post boots adopt assembling syndeton, can have enough to meet the need use, post boots simple installation, and Stability Analysis of Structures, has improved the temporary fixed efficiency of construction of steel column greatly.
Described temporary fixing structure further improves and is, described the second junction plate is secured by bolts on a support baseboard, described support baseboard is fixed on described architecture basics by stone bolt, and is provided with cushion block between described architecture basics and described support baseboard.Adopt support baseboard to connect interim ruggedized construction, can improve the bottom stationarity of interim ruggedized construction, not only improve the bonding strength between support baseboard and architecture basics by setting up cushion block, can also be used for regulating the height of support baseboard, and then adjusted the height of steel column.
Described temporary fixing structure further improves and is, between described the second junction plate and described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate, is provided with multiple tracks the first gusset plate, improves bonding strength.
Described temporary fixing structure further improves and is, is bolted to connection, and is provided with multiple tracks the second gusset plate between described the first junction plate between described the first junction plate and described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate, improves bonding strength.
The invention also discloses the temporary fixed construction method of a kind of steel column, described construction method comprises the following steps:
Steel column is lifted to architecture basics;
At the outer cylinder of described steel column, described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate are installed, and are fixedly connected with described first junction plate of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate both sides, described steel column hoop is located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate;
Described second junction plate of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate bottom is fixed on described architecture basics, and the steel column that described the first hoop plate, described the second hoop plate and hoop are located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is fixed on described architecture basics.
The temporary fixed construction method of described steel column is further improved and is, by following steps, described the second junction plate is fixed on described architecture basics:
Pre-embedded anchoring bolts on described architecture basics in advance, and a support baseboard is installed on described stone bolt;
Described the second junction plate is secured by bolts on described support baseboard, and between described support baseboard and architecture basics, cushion block is set.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of steel column temporary fixing structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of a preferred embodiment of steel column temporary fixing structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the plane structure schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of steel column temporary fixing structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the A-A generalized section of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the floor map of the second junction plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
First consult shown in Fig. 1, a kind of steel column temporary fixing structure 10 of the present invention, was mainly used in the rack steel structure hoisting stage of rack steel work band slippage installing engineering, carried out temporary fixed between the steel column 11 to rack steel work below and architecture basics 12.Coordinate shown in Fig. 2~Fig. 4, steel column 11 adopts common circular columns structure, semicircular one first hoop plate 131 and one second hoop plate 132 that temporary fixing structure 10 mainly adapts to steel column 11 outer cylinders by shape form, the both sides of the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 are respectively equipped with one first junction plate 15, along short transverse evenly perforate on the first junction plate 15 of steel column, and connect by bolt 16, make the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 bind round and be located on the outer cylinder of steel column 11 suspension columns tightly.The bottom of the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 is respectively equipped with the second junction plate 14, shown in Fig. 5, on the second junction plate 14, offer two semienclosed adjustable bar shaped holes 140, opening outwardly, connect by bolt 18, the second junction plate 14 is fixed on a support baseboard 122, adopt the semienclosed adjustable bar shaped hole 140 can be so that regulate the link position of the second junction plate 14 and bolt 19, adjust the horizontal level of steel column 11, support baseboard 122 is further fixed on architecture basics 12 by stone bolt 121, thereby by the first hoop plate 131, the steel column 11 that the second hoop plate 132 and hoop are located in the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 is fixed on architecture basics 12, replace earth anchor and cable rope to carry out the temporary fixed of steel column foot.Wherein stone bolt 121 is pre-buried in advance in the time that architecture basics 12 is constructed, and coordinate support baseboard 122 is fixed on stone bolt 121 with stone bolt 121 by nut, between the bottom of support baseboard 122 and architecture basics 12, be provided with cushion block 123, regulate the height of support baseboard 122, with the bonding strength strengthening between support baseboard 122 and architecture basics 12, adopt support baseboard 122 to connect interim ruggedized construction, can improve the bottom stationarity of interim ruggedized construction.
Further, between the second junction plate 132 and the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132, be welded with multiple tracks the first gusset plate 171, strengthen the bonding strength between the second junction plate 132 and the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132, wherein the first gusset plate 171 is welded in respectively the position, left, center, right of the second junction plate 132, and each welding together.
Same, between the first junction plate 131 and the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132, be welded with multiple tracks the second gusset plate 172, strengthen the bonding strength between the first junction plate 131 and the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132, wherein the second gusset plate 172 is welded in respectively the upper, middle and lower position of the first junction plate 131, and each welding together.
Steel column temporary fixing structure 10 of the present invention can be by arranging the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop height of plate 132 and quantity and thickness of thickness and the first gusset plate 171 and the second gusset plate 172, can make temporary fixing structure 10 meet different stressing conditions, by being set, the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 sizes can meet the temporary fixed installation of the steel column of different cross section size, simple to operate, Stability Analysis of Structures.
The Specific construction step of the temporary fixed construction method of steel column of the present invention is as follows:
The concrete structure on constructing structure basis 12, and in upwards reserved vertical stone bolt 121 of the top of concrete structure;
Horizontal fixed support base plate 122 on stone bolt 121, and between support baseboard 122 bottoms and architecture basics 12, cushion block 123 is set, adjust height and the planeness of support baseboard 122;
By steel column 11 hoisted in position on support baseboard 122;
Accurately elements of a fix position, guarantee errorless after, at the suspension column outer cylinder of steel column 11, the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 are installed, and adopt bolt 16 to be fixedly connected with the first junction plate 15 of the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 both sides, steel column 11 suspension columns are bound round tightly and be located in the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132;
Adopt bolt 18 to be fixed on support baseboard 122 the second junction plate 14 of the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 bottoms, the steel column 11 that the first hoop plate 131, the second hoop plate 132 and hoop are located in the first hoop plate 131 and the second hoop plate 132 is fixed on support baseboard 122, and then is fixed on architecture basics 12.
The present invention draws materials easily, cheap, is convenient to workman's operation, can improve workman's operating efficiency.Aspect construction quality, can guarantee accurately location and formation systems stabilisation of steel column, and then eliminate engineering safety hidden danger.
Below embodiment has been described in detail the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, and those skilled in the art can make many variations example to the present invention according to the above description.Thereby some details in embodiment should not form limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope defining using appended claims as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a steel column temporary fixing structure, for described steel column is fixed on to architecture basics, it is characterized in that: described temporary fixing structure comprises that shape adapts at least one the first hoop plate and the one second hoop plate of described steel column outer cylinder, the both sides of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate are respectively equipped with the first junction plate, and by being fixedly connected with described the first junction plate, described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate hoop are located on described steel column outer cylinder, the bottom of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is respectively equipped with the second junction plate, described the second junction plate is fixedly connected on described architecture basics, thereby by described the first hoop plate, the steel column that described the second hoop plate and hoop are located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is fixed on described architecture basics.
2. steel column temporary fixing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described the second junction plate is secured by bolts on a support baseboard, described support baseboard is fixed on described architecture basics by stone bolt, and is provided with cushion block between described architecture basics and described support baseboard.
3. steel column temporary fixing structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: between described the second junction plate and described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate, be provided with multiple tracks the first gusset plate.
4. steel column temporary fixing structure as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: between described the first junction plate, be bolted to connection, and be provided with multiple tracks the second gusset plate between described the first junction plate and described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate.
5. utilize steel column temporary fixing structure as claimed in claim 1 to carry out the temporary fixed construction method of steel column, it is characterized in that described construction method comprises the following steps:
Steel column is lifted to architecture basics;
At the outer cylinder of described steel column, described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate are installed, and are fixedly connected with described first junction plate of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate both sides, described steel column hoop is located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate;
Described second junction plate of described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate bottom is fixed on described architecture basics, and the steel column that described the first hoop plate, described the second hoop plate and hoop are located in described the first hoop plate and described the second hoop plate is fixed on described architecture basics.
6. construction method as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that by following steps, described the second junction plate being fixed on described architecture basics:
Pre-embedded anchoring bolts on described architecture basics in advance, and a support baseboard is installed on described stone bolt;
Described the second junction plate is secured by bolts on described support baseboard, and between described support baseboard and architecture basics, cushion block is set.
CN201410307092.8A 2014-06-30 2014-06-30 A kind of steel column temporary fixing structure and construction method thereof Active CN104060845B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106250627A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-21 青岛理工大学 A kind of determination method of angle steel reinforced cracking steel box column angle steel length
CN106351400A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-01-25 中国建筑股份有限公司海拓工程分公司 Prefabricated concrete octagonal column assembling device and assembling method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09189132A (en) * 1996-01-10 1997-07-22 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Fixing method of column base for steel frame column
JPH10184018A (en) * 1996-12-25 1998-07-14 Daiwa House Ind Co Ltd Post, method of connecting post, and rough combination jig for construction
CN102644379A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 中建一局集团建设发展有限公司 Temporary supporting system of steel column base and construction method of temporary supporting system
CN102661002A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-09-12 山东科技大学 Joint of double-circular steel tube concrete column and steel beam and construction method
CN204040496U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-24 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of steel column temporary fixing structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09189132A (en) * 1996-01-10 1997-07-22 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Fixing method of column base for steel frame column
JPH10184018A (en) * 1996-12-25 1998-07-14 Daiwa House Ind Co Ltd Post, method of connecting post, and rough combination jig for construction
CN102644379A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 中建一局集团建设发展有限公司 Temporary supporting system of steel column base and construction method of temporary supporting system
CN102661002A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-09-12 山东科技大学 Joint of double-circular steel tube concrete column and steel beam and construction method
CN204040496U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-24 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of steel column temporary fixing structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106250627A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-21 青岛理工大学 A kind of determination method of angle steel reinforced cracking steel box column angle steel length
CN106250627B (en) * 2016-07-30 2019-04-16 青岛理工大学 A kind of determination method of angle steel reinforced cracking steel box column angle steel length
CN106351400A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-01-25 中国建筑股份有限公司海拓工程分公司 Prefabricated concrete octagonal column assembling device and assembling method thereof

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