CN104060480A - Method for dyeing cotton fabric by colored nano-sphere - Google Patents

Method for dyeing cotton fabric by colored nano-sphere Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104060480A
CN104060480A CN201410326203.XA CN201410326203A CN104060480A CN 104060480 A CN104060480 A CN 104060480A CN 201410326203 A CN201410326203 A CN 201410326203A CN 104060480 A CN104060480 A CN 104060480A
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
dyeing
cotton fabric
nano ball
color nano
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Pending
Application number
CN201410326203.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
房宽峻
夏效杰
蔡玉青
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao University
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Priority to CN201410326203.XA priority Critical patent/CN104060480A/en
Publication of CN104060480A publication Critical patent/CN104060480A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for dyeing a cotton fabric by a colored nano-sphere. The method comprises the following steps: performing cationic modification on the cotton fabric by glycidyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; and dyeing by the polymer nano-sphere dyed by disperse dyes to obtain a bright color. Colored nano-particles are only dyed on the surfaces of fibers, so that the consumption of dyes is greatly reduced, residual liquid obtained after dyeing can be reused, and the dyed fabric is bright in color while the hand feeling of the fabric is not influenced.

Description

A kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric
Technical field
The invention belongs to fabrics printing and dyeing field, relate to the method to cotton fabric dyeing process with color nano particle.
Background technology
Cotton fiber as a kind of important natural fabric because its good wearability is widely used in manufacture weaving face fabric.But in the time using reactive dyeing, the degree of fixation of dyestuff is very low, only has 70% left and right, a large amount of dyestuffs remain in waste water,
Increase the burden of wastewater treatment.For the binding ability of fortifying fibre to dyestuff, cotton fiber is carried out to cationization processing,
Between dyestuff and fiber, build electrostatic force, not only can improve dye fixing rate, but also can be under neutral and salt-free condition
Dyeing, alleviates wastewater treatment burden.
After cationization is processed,, with positive charge, can dye with anionic dye in cotton fiber surface.Patent CN 1342806 A have introduced a kind of method of dying cation-modified cotton yarn by REACTIVE DYES, dye fabric quality and style all have clear improvement; A kind of method that patent CN 103074766 A have told about REACTIVE DYES and dye cationization COTTON FABRIC or Modal fibre fabric, has realized the salt-free dyeing of REACTIVE DYES; Patent CN 103485207 A have introduced a kind of REACTIVE DYES and have dyed the method for cationization flax, realize one of flax, wool composite fabric and bathe one-step method dyeing; Patent CN 103790016 A have proposed a kind of method of dying cationization fiber by ACID DYES, have higher dye-uptake by the method dyestuff, and technique is simple, workable; Patent CN 101187175 A have narrated a kind of method that anionic natural dye dyes cationization fiber, have effectively improved dye-uptake, color depth and the dyeing uniformity of natural dye on cotton fiber; Patent CN 103821014 A adopt cationic compound modifier to carry out modification to COTTON FABRIC, make the COTTON FABRIC after modification be successfully used to natural dye dying, and have good level-dyeing property and dyefastness; Patent CN 103556491 A dye cation-modified yarn or fabric with the thermochromic dye of anionic microcapsule structure, dye fabric there is bright-colored, the high feature of COLOR FASTNESS, between dyestuff and fiber, be combined by ionic bond, washability and color fastness are all fine; Patent CN 101864676 A dye cationization bombax cotton with anionic property dyestuff as direct dyes, REACTIVE DYES, ACID DYES or soluble vat dye, improve the dye-uptake of dyestuff, shorten dyeing time, saved water and auxiliary agent, and the washing fastness of DYED FABRICS, fastness to light all increase.
The present invention adopts the color nano ball of disperse dyeing to dye to cationic modified cotton fabric, because color nano particle is only dying at fiber surface, not only greatly reduce dye dosage, raffinate after dyeing can recycle, and the lovely luster of dying rear fabric, do not affect fabric feeling.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that color nano ball is being dyed to the method in cationization COTTON FABRIC.Pass through
The method, can make versicolor color nano ball dye on cotton fiber surface, makes fabric obtain chromatic colour.
Technical scheme of the present invention comprises the following steps: first COTTON FABRIC is carried out to cationization processing, then use color nano ball to treated cotton fabric dyeing process.
The fabric of indication of the present invention can be cation-modified cotton textiles and blending product thereof, as pure cotton knitted fabric, pure cotton woven fabric, polyester cotton.It is characterized in that cotton fiber is surperficial with quaternary ammonium salt base CATION after epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride modification.
Above-mentioned epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride amount is 0.5 ~ 8% of fabric quality, and modification bath raio is 1:25, and concrete consumption regulates according to the shade of institute's DYED FABRICS.
Polymer nanocomposite ball of the present invention refers to the polymer nanocomposite ball of the standby surface of emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization legal system with carboxylate radical anion, as polystyrene-methacrylic acid nanosphere, and polystyrene-acrylate/nano ball.Polymer nanocomposite ball is with being color nano ball of the present invention after commodity disperse dyeing.
Above-mentioned color nano ball consumption counts 0.5 ~ 10% by fabric weight, specifically regulates according to the shade of DYED FABRICS.Staining procedure is: first color nano ball is disperseed with ultrasonic cell disruptor in quantitative deionized water according to the bath raio of 1:50 again, then dying to fabric by infusion process, fully after washing, room temperature is dried.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: (1) chromogen bonded polymer nanosphere of the present invention combines the advantage of nanosphere and dyestuff, there is chromatic colour as the spherical coloring material of one, color that common pigments particle causes because of out-of-shape wither dark problem and surface band negative electrical charge are overcome.(2) the present invention, with color nano ball to the fabric through cation modifying, does not need to add any auxiliary agent, and residual dye liquor can recycle, and has greatly reduced the content of chemical cost and Pollutants in Wastewater.(3) the present invention has realized the dyeing to COTTON FABRIC by DISPERSE DYES indirectly, has expanded the range of application of DISPERSE DYES.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 0.5%, and bath raio is 1:25,90 DEG C for the treatment of temperatures, and processing time 60min, then dries fabric washing after treatment.Polystyrene-methacrylic acid nanosphere powder (color nano ball is heavily 6% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.Fabric, in 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min, after being disposed, is taken out to fully washing by fabric, and room temperature is dried, and completes dyeing course.
Embodiment 2
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 8%, and bath raio is 1:25.Polystyrene-methacrylic acid nanosphere powder (color nano ball is heavily 6% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.Fabric, in 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min, after being disposed, is taken out to fully washing, 90 DEG C of oven dry by fabric.
Embodiment 3
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 5%, and bath raio is 1:25.Polystyrene-methacrylic acid nanosphere powder (color nano ball is heavily 2% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.By 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min of fabric, after being disposed, fabric is taken out to fully washing, room temperature is dried.
Embodiment 4
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 5%, and bath raio is 1:25.Polystyrene-methacrylic acid nanosphere powder (color nano ball is heavily 4% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.By 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min of fabric, after being disposed, fabric is taken out to fully washing, room temperature is dried.
Embodiment 5
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 5%, and bath raio is 1:25.Polystyrene-acrylate/nano ball powder (color nano ball is heavily 6% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.By 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min of fabric, after being disposed, fabric is taken out to fully washing, room temperature is dried.
Embodiment 6
With epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride, COTTON FABRIC is carried out cation-modifiedly, modifier consumption is fabric weight 5%, and bath raio is 1:25.Polystyrene-acrylate/nano ball powder (color nano ball is heavily 8% to fabric) of getting disperse dyeing, adds quantitative deionized water according to 1:50 bath raio, then disperses with ultrasonic cell disruptor again.By 90 DEG C of impregnation process 60min of fabric, after being disposed, fabric is taken out to fully washing, room temperature is dried.

Claims (6)

1. by a method for color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric, it is characterized in that first COTTON FABRIC being carried out to cationization processing, then dye with color nano ball.
2. according to a kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric described in claim 1, it is characterized in that COTTON FABRIC fiber surface after cationization is processed has quaternary ammonium salt base CATION.
3. according to a kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric described in claim 1, it is characterized in that the color nano ball that cotton fabric dyeing process adopts is the polymer nanocomposite ball that surface has carboxylate radical anion.
4. according to a kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric described in claim 1, it is characterized in that the color nano ball that cotton fabric dyeing process adopts contains DISPERSE DYES.
5. according to a kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric described in claim 1, it is characterized in that it is epoxypropyltrimethylchloride chloride that COTTON FABRIC cationization is processed the reagent adopting, its consumption is 0.5 ~ 8% of fabric quality, and concrete consumption regulates according to the shade of institute's dyeing and weaving thing.
6. according to a kind of method with color nano ball dyeing cotton fabric described in claim 1, the consumption that it is characterized in that color nano ball is 0.5% ~ 10% of fabric consumption, and concrete consumption is determined according to the shade of institute's dyeing and weaving thing.
CN201410326203.XA 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Method for dyeing cotton fabric by colored nano-sphere Pending CN104060480A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410326203.XA CN104060480A (en) 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Method for dyeing cotton fabric by colored nano-sphere

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105113286A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-02 太仓市宝明化纤有限公司 High-fixation high-flame retardation polyester fabric dyeing and finishing technology
CN106223073A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-14 青岛大学 A kind of one-bath one-step dyeing colouring method of polyester/cotton blended fabric

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101403185A (en) * 2008-11-10 2009-04-08 浙江嘉欣丝绸股份有限公司 Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101403185A (en) * 2008-11-10 2009-04-08 浙江嘉欣丝绸股份有限公司 Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
KUANJUN FANG,BIN REN: "A facile method for preparing colored nanospheres of poly(styrene-co-acrylic acid)", 《DYES AND PIGMENTS》 *
任斌: "彩色聚合物微球的制备及其性能研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 工程科技Ⅰ辑》 *
任斌: "彩色聚合物微球的制备及其性能研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 工程科技Ⅰ辑》, no. 1, 15 January 2013 (2013-01-15), pages 024 - 12 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105113286A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-02 太仓市宝明化纤有限公司 High-fixation high-flame retardation polyester fabric dyeing and finishing technology
CN106223073A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-14 青岛大学 A kind of one-bath one-step dyeing colouring method of polyester/cotton blended fabric

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Application publication date: 20140924