CN104057661A - Wood grain-like polymer alloy material heating floor and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Wood grain-like polymer alloy material heating floor and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104057661A
CN104057661A CN201410233983.3A CN201410233983A CN104057661A CN 104057661 A CN104057661 A CN 104057661A CN 201410233983 A CN201410233983 A CN 201410233983A CN 104057661 A CN104057661 A CN 104057661A
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layer
heat
pvc
aluminium foil
wood grain
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CN201410233983.3A
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Inventor
王新志
李明
王磊
张中巨
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Anhui Sheng Yuan Rubber And Plastic Science And Technology Ltd
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Anhui Sheng Yuan Rubber And Plastic Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201410233983.3A priority Critical patent/CN104057661A/en
Publication of CN104057661A publication Critical patent/CN104057661A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wood grain-like polymer alloy material heating floor which is structurally characterized by being of a four-layer composite structure, specifically, a compression sensitive VC (Vinyl Chloride) based adhesive aluminum foil heat conduction layer which can effectively radiate the heat generated from a heat source and improve the heat utilization rate is arranged at the lowermost layer; a plate main body layer is arranged on the heat conduction layer; the plate main body layer is made of a PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) based polymer alloy composite material; a PVC based wood grain heat transferring decoration layer is arranged on the plate layer; multiple wood grain effects can be achieved; a UV (Ultraviolet) treatment transparent antibacterial wear-resisting layer is arranged at the uppermost layer. The wood grain-like polymer alloy material heating floor disclosed by the invention is simple and environment-friendly in preparation process; the floor plate is high in heat conduction efficient, high in strength, thermal-resisting, flame-retarding and free of formaldehyde release; the surface has antibacterial and wear-resisting effects; phenomena of layering, warping and the like are unlikely to happen after the floor is used for a long time. The heating floor prepared by using the technique is good in floor heating conductivity, size stability, anti-contamination and environment-friendliness and use durability.

Description

A kind of imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to architectural decoration material field, be specifically related to a kind of imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
At present, the floor that is elected to be ground heating system by tradition mostly is composite floor board, as composite PVC floor, solid wooden compound floor, consolidated floor level bamboo-wood floor etc.Composite floor board is suppressed and is composited by adhering technique by the lamella of multilayer difference in functionality, and preparation process is numerous and diverse and have unfavorable factors such as energy consumption is high, environmental pollution; Mating formation after such heating floor, in long-term heating use procedure, be easily heated and discharge a certain amount of formaldehyde, health is being worked the mischief;
Heat pipe is embedded in underfloor by tradition floor heating mounting means, and thermal efficiency is not high, consuming time and effort during because of fault maintenance process;
Heating floor, in long-term use procedure, because the reasons such as laying dust dirt can generate mould at floor surface, impacts health traditionally;
Heating floor traditionally, as composite PVC floor is used for a long time, can cause buckling deformation because long-term heating is used; The composite floor board thermal conductivity factors such as timber floor, bamboo floor are relatively low, and between 0.17-0.34w/ (m*k), long-term use relatively consumed energy;
Heating floor is not had a fire protection flame retarding characteristic traditionally, is easy to ignition, has potential safety hazard;
Heating floor surface abrasion resistance is low traditionally, and long-term use easily forms scratch, affects floor surface attractive in appearance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the defect existing in existing ground heating floor technology, a kind of imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor and preparation method thereof is provided, imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor forming preparation process process provided by the present invention is simple, environmental protection, and floor board thermal conductivity factor is high; High-strength, heat-resisting, fire-retardant, formaldehydeless release, surface have antibacterial wear-resisting effect, use for a long time, are not prone to the phenomenon such as layering, warpage.The ground heating floor of being prepared by this technology has good floor heating conductibility, dimensional stability, antifouling environment-friendly type and useful life longevity.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: a kind of imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor, comprises being followed successively by from bottom to top comprising and being followed successively by from bottom to top pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer 4, PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer 3, the hot transfer decorative layer 2 of PVC sill line and antibacterial wear-resisting UV surface-treated layer 1.
More specifically, to overlay on main body sheet material by hot pressing combination process be PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer lower surface to pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer.Described aluminium foil layer has excellent heat conductivity, improves the ageing of sheet material short-term warming.The aluminium foil base material of described aluminium foil layer is the soft aluminium foil such as 8011 types, 1235 types.Described aluminium foil layer bottom is VC based high molecular hot melt adhesive layer; Described aluminium foil layer surface layer is hot sealing layer, plays corrosion protection effect.
More specifically, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer thickness is 0.05 ~ 0.10mm.
More specifically, PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer comprises the component of following weight quota:
100 parts of polyvinyl chloride resins
7 ~ 35 parts of second component resins
30 ~ 120 parts of active fine calcium carbonates
Unleaded without 3.0 ~ 7.0 parts of barium stabilizing agents
5 ~ 12 parts of fire retardants
1.5 ~ 2.5 parts of processing aids
6 ~ 12 parts of plasticized modifiers
Colouring agent and inside and outside lubrication prescription are appropriate
More specifically, PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer is characterised in that as PVC based high molecular sheet alloy, has that thermal conductivity factor is high, a heatproof, the characteristic such as fire-retardant, high-strength.
Wherein, described polyvinyl chloride resin is suspension pvc resin, and its model can be SG5 type polyvinyl chloride resin or SG6 type polyvinyl chloride resin;
Wherein, described second component substrate resin has similar solubility parameter to polyvinyl chloride resin, has good compatibility with polyvinyl chloride resin, and the interpolation of this component can improve the heat distortion temperature of PVC effectively, with the instructions for use of heating floor contentedly.Described second component is CPVC(chliorinated polyvinyl chloride), ABS(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer), SAN(styrene acrylonitrile copolymer), ASA(acrylonitrile-styrene-acrylic ester copolymer), AS(acrylonitritrile-styrene resin), PMMA(polymethyl methacrylate), glutarimide copolymers, heat-resisting AMS-acrylonitrile copolymer, one or more mixtures that mix in any proportion in AMS based polyalcohol,
Wherein, described unleaded be any one in Ca-Zn composite heat stabilizer, organo-tin het stabilizer, organic group heat stabilizer or rare earth thermal stabilizer without barium heat stabilizer;
Wherein, described plasticized modifier is CPE(haloflex), ACR(acrylic acid esters co-polymer), MBS(MBS), TPU(thermoplastic polyurethane), SBS(SBS), EVA(ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer), any one in NBR (acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber);
Wherein, described active fine calcium carbonate is the active fine calcium carbonate of 800-3000 order surface active modification;
Wherein, described active fine calcium carbonate is the active fine calcium carbonate of 1250-2500 order surface active modification;
More specifically, PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer thickness is 5 ~ 12mm.
More specifically, the hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line, is characterized in that: heat transfer film has good woodiness touch and wood effect; Environmental protection, without dust, without paint, without medicine or coating and volatile chemical component; Directly, by the effect of the pressurization of heating, the wood grain lines on heat transfer film, marble lines and other lines effects, be transferred to the upper surface of PVC based high molecular sheet alloy on hot pressing rubber roll, make PVC based high molecular sheet alloy present high-grade decorative effect.
More specifically, the VC based high molecular PUR of pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer and the PVC based high molecular PUR of the hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line have ensured that these two kinds of functional layers and PVC based high molecular sheet alloy have excellent interface compatibility, form the laminating effect in good interface.
More specifically, UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer, it is characterized in that: in UV coating, be added with 0.5% ~ 1% nano-Ag particles, its size is below 5nm.
More specifically, UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer, it is characterized in that: the thickness that UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer is 0.03 ~ 0.1mm.
The method that the invention also discloses the above-mentioned high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of processing, comprises following processing step:
Machining sheet layer (PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer): each component weight share that will sheet metal layer drops into and evenly mixes 6 ~ 8min in high-speed mixer, when temperature to 105 to be mixed DEG C, is discharged to cold mixer and mixes to 45 DEG C of left and right; The compound mixing is put in the main extrusion equipment that is warming up to forming temperature and carried out drought production, and each section of temperature range of extrusion equipment is 175 DEG C ~ 195 DEG C; Extruded velocity is 0.4 ~ 1.2m/min.
The hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line: after sheet metal layer traction production and cooling and shaping, open heat transfer machine group, hot PVC sill line transfer decorative layer is compounded in to sheet metal layer upper surface, forms the global facility that is composited by sheet metal layer and decorative layer, efficiency is high, cost is low, pollution-free.Heat transfer machine group device temperature carries out corresponding temperature setting according to selected decoration material hot-fusible high-molecular glue characteristic, and temperature orientation is 175 DEG C ~ 220 DEG C;
Pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer: by hot glue roller, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer heat is compounded in to sheet metal layer lower surface at hot transfer printing back segment.Hot glue roller apparatus temperature is carried out corresponding temperature setting according to selected aluminium foil layer VC based melt adhesive characteristic, and temperature orientation is 135 DEG C ~ 215 DEG C;
Cooling and cut off: by Vacuum shaping mould sizing, cooling, and to carry out excision forming according to Len req size by hauling machine traction surface embossing co-extrusion sheet material after treatment;
Surface UV processes: according to product requirement, be mixed with the UV coating of proper amount of nano silver at product surface spray coating, after to be dried, levelling, UV solidify, form and have antibacterial wear-resisting protective clear layer.
Beneficial effect:
Imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor forming preparation process process of the present invention is simple, environmental protection, and floor board thermal conductivity factor is high; High-strength, heat-resisting, fire-retardant, formaldehydeless release, surface have antibacterial wear-resisting effect, use for a long time, are not prone to the phenomenon such as layering, warpage.The ground heating floor of being prepared by this technology has good floor heating conductibility, dimensional stability, antifouling environment-friendly type and useful life longevity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cutaway view of a kind of functional form alloy material of the present invention ground heating floor.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1 and embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is further described, once embodiment is only for technical scheme of the present invention is more clearly described, and can not limit the scope of the invention with this.
A kind of imitative wood grain high molecule alloy material ground heating floor, comprises being followed successively by from bottom to top comprising and being followed successively by from bottom to top pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer 4, PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer 3, the hot transfer decorative layer 2 of PVC sill line and antibacterial wear-resisting UV surface-treated layer 1.
Wherein, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer overlays on main body sheet material lower surface by hot pressing combination process.Described aluminium foil layer has excellent heat conductivity, improves the ageing of sheet material short-term warming.The aluminium foil base material of described aluminium foil layer is the soft aluminium foil of 8011 type.Described aluminium foil layer bottom is VC based high molecular hot melt adhesive layer; Described aluminium foil layer surface layer is hot sealing layer, plays corrosion protection effect.
Wherein, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer thickness is 0.05mm.
Wherein, PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer comprises the component of following weight quota:
100 parts of polyvinyl chloride resins (SG5 type)
30 parts of ABS resins (747S)
Active fine calcium carbonate (1250 order) 80 parts
5.0 parts of calcium-zinc composite stabilizing agents
7 parts of fire retardants
2 parts of processing aid ACR401
8 parts of CPE
0.6 part of semi-refined paraffin wax
0.5 part of stearic acid
PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer thickness is 7mm.
The hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line, heat transfer film has good woodiness touch and wood effect; Environmental protection, without dust, without paint, without medicine or coating and volatile chemical component; Directly, by the effect of the pressurization of heating, the wood grain lines on heat transfer film, marble lines and other lines effects, be transferred to the upper surface of PVC based high molecular sheet alloy on hot pressing rubber roll, make PVC based high molecular sheet alloy present high-grade decorative effect.
The VC based high molecular PUR of pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer and the PVC based high molecular PUR of the hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line have ensured that these two kinds of functional layers and PVC based high molecular sheet alloy have excellent interface compatibility, form the laminating effect in good interface.
UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer, is added with 0.5% nano-Ag particles in UV coating, and its size is 5nm, and the thickness that UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer is 0.05mm.
Process the method for above-mentioned high molecule alloy material ground heating floor, comprise following processing step:
Machining sheet layer: each component weight share that will sheet metal layer drops into and evenly mixes 6 ~ 8min in high-speed mixer, when temperature to 105 to be mixed DEG C, is discharged to cold mixer and mixes to 45 DEG C of left and right; The compound mixing is put in the main extrusion equipment that is warming up to forming temperature and carried out drought production, and each section of temperature range of extrusion equipment is 175 DEG C ~ 195 DEG C; Extruded velocity is 0.6m/min.
The hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line: after sheet metal layer traction production and cooling and shaping, open heat transfer machine group, hot PVC sill line transfer decorative layer is compounded in to sheet metal layer upper surface, forms the global facility that is composited by sheet metal layer and decorative layer, efficiency is high, cost is low, pollution-free.Heat transfer machine group device temperature carries out corresponding temperature setting according to selected decoration material hot-fusible high-molecular glue characteristic, and temperature range is 175 DEG C ~ 220 DEG C;
Pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer: by hot glue roller, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer heat is compounded in to sheet metal layer lower surface at hot transfer printing back segment.Hot glue roller apparatus temperature is carried out corresponding temperature setting according to selected aluminium foil layer VC based melt adhesive characteristic, and temperature orientation is 135 DEG C ~ 215 DEG C;
Cooling and cut off: by Vacuum shaping mould sizing, cooling, and to carry out excision forming according to Len req size by hauling machine traction surface embossing co-extrusion sheet material after treatment;
Surface UV processes: according to product requirement, be mixed with the UV coating of proper amount of nano silver at product surface spray coating, after to be dried, levelling, UV solidify, form and have antibacterial wear-resisting protective clear layer.
The heat resistance test result of the said goods is as following table 1:
The heat resistance table with test results of table 1 embodiment.
Finally should illustrate; above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention; but not limiting the scope of the invention; although the present invention has been done to explain with reference to preferred embodiment; those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that; can modify or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not depart from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. an imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor, is characterized in that: comprise and be followed successively by from bottom to top pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer (4), PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer (3), the hot transfer decorative layer of PVC sill line (2) and antibacterial wear-resisting UV surface-treated layer (1); Described pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer (4); overlay on main body sheet material lower surface by hot pressing combination process, the aluminium foil base material of described aluminium foil layer is soft aluminium foil, and aluminium foil layer bottom is VC based high molecular hot melt adhesive layer; aluminium foil layer surface layer is hot sealing layer, plays corrosion protection effect.
2. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer comprises the component of following weight quota:
100 parts of polyvinyl chloride resins
7 ~ 35 parts of second component resins
30 ~ 120 parts of active fine calcium carbonates
Unleaded without 3.0 ~ 7.0 parts of barium stabilizing agents
5 ~ 12 parts of fire retardants
1.5 ~ 2.5 parts of processing aids
6 ~ 12 parts of plasticized modifiers
Colouring agent and inside and outside lubrication prescription are appropriate.
3. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described polyvinyl chloride resin is suspension pvc resin, and its model can be SG5 type polyvinyl chloride resin or SG6 type polyvinyl chloride resin;
Wherein, described second component substrate resin has similar solubility parameter to polyvinyl chloride resin, has good compatibility with polyvinyl chloride resin, and the interpolation of this component can improve the heat distortion temperature of PVC effectively, with the instructions for use of heating floor contentedly, described second component is CPVC(chliorinated polyvinyl chloride), ABS(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer), SAN(styrene acrylonitrile copolymer), ASA(acrylonitrile-styrene-acrylic ester copolymer), AS(acrylonitritrile-styrene resin), PMMA(polymethyl methacrylate), glutarimide copolymers, heat-resisting AMS-acrylonitrile copolymer, one or more mixtures that mix in any proportion in AMS based polyalcohol,
Wherein, described unleaded be any one in Ca-Zn composite heat stabilizer, organo-tin het stabilizer, organic group heat stabilizer or rare earth thermal stabilizer without barium heat stabilizer;
Wherein, described plasticized modifier is CPE(haloflex), ACR(acrylic acid esters co-polymer), MBS(MBS), TPU(thermoplastic polyurethane), SBS(SBS), EVA(ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer), any one in NBR (acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber);
Wherein, described active fine calcium carbonate is the active fine calcium carbonate of 800-3000 order surface active modification;
Wherein, described active fine calcium carbonate is the active fine calcium carbonate of 1250-2500 order surface active modification.
4. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the hot transfer decorative layer of VC base thermal sensitivity aluminium foil heat-conducting layer and PVC sill line all has good compatibility with PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer.
5. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the thickness of described pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer is 0.05 ~ 0.10mm.
6. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described PVC based high molecular sheet alloy layer thickness is 5 ~ 12mm.
7. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described UV processes the nano-Ag particles that is added with 0.5% ~ 1% in the UV coating in transparent antibacterial wearing layer, and its size is below 5nm.
8. the imitative wood grain macromolecule high molecule alloy material ground heating floor of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the thickness that described UV processes transparent antibacterial wearing layer is 0.03 ~ 0.1mm.
9. the method for processing high molecule alloy material ground heating floor claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that comprising following processing step:
(1), machining sheet layer is PVC based high molecular alloy composite materials layer: each component weight share that will sheet metal layer drops into and in high-speed mixer, evenly mixes 6 ~ 8min, when temperature to 105 to be mixed DEG C, is discharged to cold mixer and mixes to 45 DEG C of left and right; The compound mixing is put in the main extrusion equipment that is warming up to forming temperature and carried out drought production, and each section of temperature range of extrusion equipment is 175 DEG C ~ 195 DEG C; Extruded velocity is 0.4 ~ 1.2m/min;
(2), the hot transfer decorative layer of processing PVC sill line: after sheet metal layer traction production and cooling and shaping, open heat transfer machine group, hot PVC sill line transfer decorative layer is compounded in to sheet metal layer upper surface, form the global facility being composited by sheet metal layer and decorative layer, heat transfer machine group device temperature carries out corresponding temperature setting according to selected decoration material hot-fusible high-molecular glue characteristic, and temperature orientation is 175 DEG C ~ 220 DEG C;
(3), processing pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer: by hot glue roller, pressure-sensitive VC base glue aluminium foil heat-conducting layer heat is compounded in to sheet metal layer lower surface at hot transfer printing back segment, hot glue roller apparatus temperature is carried out corresponding temperature setting according to selected aluminium foil layer VC based melt adhesive characteristic, and temperature orientation is 135 DEG C ~ 215 DEG C;
(4) cooling and cut-out: pass through Vacuum shaping mould sizing, cooling by hauling machine traction surface embossing co-extrusion sheet material after treatment, and carry out excision forming according to Len req size;
(5) surperficial UV processes: according to product requirement, be mixed with the UV coating of proper amount of nano silver at product surface spray coating, after to be dried, levelling, UV solidify, form and have antibacterial wear-resisting protective clear layer.
CN201410233983.3A 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Wood grain-like polymer alloy material heating floor and preparation method thereof Pending CN104057661A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104672721A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-03 杭州电子科技大学 Preparation method of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) wood-plastic plate having termite-preventing function and being applied to wall decoration
CN106167595A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-30 无锡市凯达来塑胶有限公司 A kind of polrvinyl chloride heat-insulated floorboard
CN106188941A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 无锡市天聚科技有限公司 A kind of roof of the vehicle base material and preparation method thereof
CN106671376A (en) * 2015-11-06 2017-05-17 林金华 PVC marble decorative plate and preparation method thereof
CN106810784A (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-09 上海劲嘉建材科技有限公司 A kind of high rigidity plastic cement pavement material

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104672721A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-03 杭州电子科技大学 Preparation method of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) wood-plastic plate having termite-preventing function and being applied to wall decoration
CN106671376A (en) * 2015-11-06 2017-05-17 林金华 PVC marble decorative plate and preparation method thereof
CN106810784A (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-09 上海劲嘉建材科技有限公司 A kind of high rigidity plastic cement pavement material
CN106188941A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 无锡市天聚科技有限公司 A kind of roof of the vehicle base material and preparation method thereof
CN106167595A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-30 无锡市凯达来塑胶有限公司 A kind of polrvinyl chloride heat-insulated floorboard

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