CN104056333A - Respiration-assisting mask structure - Google Patents

Respiration-assisting mask structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104056333A
CN104056333A CN 201410330632 CN201410330632A CN104056333A CN 104056333 A CN104056333 A CN 104056333A CN 201410330632 CN201410330632 CN 201410330632 CN 201410330632 A CN201410330632 A CN 201410330632A CN 104056333 A CN104056333 A CN 104056333A
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CN
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connected
tube
breathing mask
portion
sleeve
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CN 201410330632
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Chinese (zh)
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贺方林
王进
李伟
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成都万顺达模具零件有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a respiration-assisting mask structure. The respiration-assisting mask structure comprises a respiration mask covering the face of a user and a respiration hose and further comprises two expansion portions which are placed oppositely and a bent portion connecting the upper portions of the two expansion portions. One of the two expansion portions is connected with the outer edge of a nose pad. The respiration hose comprises a connecting cylinder, wherein the two ends of the connecting cylinder are provided with through holes. One of the two through holes is connected with an air hole, a sleeve is installed in the other through hole, one end of the sleeve is placed into the connecting cylinder, an air inlet short pipe is arranged in the sleeve in a rotating mode and the part, arranged in the connecting cylinder, of the air inlet short pipe is provided with an annular groove. The respiration-assisting mask structure is arranged at the top of the head in a sleeved mode through a tenia, a thickening block can be arranged horizontally as well as aslant, the contacting area between the nose pad and the face of the user is increased and a respiration mask is prevented from compressing the face.

Description

一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构 One kind of an auxiliary breathing mask structure

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗器械领域,具体是指一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, specifically refers to the structure of an auxiliary breathing mask.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 呼吸机,是一种能代替、控制或改变人的正常生理呼吸,增加肺通气量,改善呼吸功能,减轻呼吸功消耗,节约心脏储备能力的装置。 [0002] The ventilator is a can replace, or change the control of human normal physiological breathing, increased pulmonary ventilation, improve the respiratory function, reduce the consumption of work of breathing, cardiac reserve capacity saving means. 当婴幼儿并发急性呼吸衰竭时,经过积极的保守治疗无效,呼吸减弱和痰多且稠,排痰困难,阻塞气道或发生肺不张,应考虑气管插管及呼吸机。 When infants and young children with acute respiratory failure, after active conservative treatment fails, decreased respiration and phlegm and thick, difficult expectoration, airway obstruction or pulmonary atelectasis occur, it should consider endotracheal intubation and ventilator. 呼吸机必须具备四个基本功能,即向肺充气、吸气向呼气转换,排出肺泡气以及呼气向吸气转换,依次循环往复。 Ventilator must have four basic functions, namely the lungs inflated to the inspiratory breath converter, and exhaust expiratory alveolar gas to the intake conversion, the cycle sequentially. 因此必须有:⑴能提供输送气体的动力,代替人体呼吸肌的工作;⑵能产生一定的呼吸节律,包括呼吸频率和吸呼比,以代替人体呼吸中枢神经支配呼吸节律的功能;⑶能提供合适的潮气量(VT)或分钟通气量(MV),以满足呼吸代谢的需要;⑷供给的气体最好经过加温和湿化,代替人体鼻腔功能,并能供给高于大气中所含的氧气量,以提高吸入氧气浓度,改善氧合。 Therefore there must be: ⑴ provide power delivery gas, instead of the human respiratory muscle work; ⑵ can produce some respiratory rhythm, including respiratory rate and respiratory ratio, instead of the human central nervous system function disposable respiratory respiratory rhythm; ⑶ provide suitable tidal volume (VT) or minute ventilation (Music Videos), to meet the needs of respiratory metabolism; ⑷ gas supplied is preferably subjected to heating and humidification, instead of the human nasal cavity, and can be supplied above atmospheric contained the amount of oxygen, to increase the concentration of oxygen inhalation, improving oxygenation. 呼吸机的工作原理为:自主通气时吸气动作产生胸腔负压,肺被动扩张出现肺泡和气道负压,从而构成了气道口与肺泡之间的压力差而完成吸气;吸气后胸廓及肺弹性回缩,产生相反的压力差完成呼气。 The ventilator works as follows: when the negative intrathoracic pressure generated inspiratory spontaneous ventilation, pulmonary alveolar airway passive expansion a negative pressure, thereby forming a gas pressure between the crossing alveolar completed intake difference; inspiratory thoracic and lung elastic recoil, the opposite pressure differential to complete exhalation. 因此,正常呼吸是由于机体通过呼吸动作产生肺泡与气道口"主动性负压力差"而完成吸气,吸气后的胸廓及肺弹性回缩产生肺泡与气道口被动性正压力差而呼气,以满足生理通气的需要。 Thus, the body's normal breathing is due to the crossing alveolar gas through the breathing action "initiative negative pressure differential" is completed intake, the intake thorax lung elastic recoil generating alveolar gas crossing passive expiratory positive pressure differential to meet the physiological needs ventilation. 而呼吸机通气是由体外机械驱动使气道口和肺泡产生正压力差,而呼气是在撤去体外机械驱动压后胸廓及肺弹性回缩产生肺泡与气道口被动性正压力差而呼气,即呼吸周期均存在"被动性正压力差"而完成呼吸。 And the ventilator is driven by mechanically vitro so that gas generating crossing and alveolar positive pressure differential is removed expiratory vitro mechanical drive thorax lung elastic recoil pressure generated alveolar gas crossing passive expiratory positive pressure difference, namely respiratory cycle exist in "passive positive pressure differential" and complete breathing.

[0003] 呼吸机配件主要包括主机、屏幕、空压机、湿化器、雾化器、病人呼吸管路和鼻罩等,当生成的气流由进气口短管进入鼻罩时,呼吸面罩将外界的空气隔绝,避免有害气体或是有毒气体进入到人体呼吸系统中;由于呼吸机的辅助呼吸时间根据病人的病情来衡量, 时间一长,传统的呼吸机鼻罩会导致面部产生明显的勒痕,让病人感到不适,为解决这一问题,在鼻罩使用方法上做出一定的改进,将鼻罩的头带的张紧度减小以消除面部的紧绷感, 但在实际使用过程中,病人稍微移动或是转动头部时,如儿童因为不适会撕扯鼻罩,鼻罩会发生松弛进而导致外界气体进入人体呼吸系统中,进而导致病情恶化。 [0003] The ventilator accessories consist of a main screen, air compressor, humidifier, a nebulizer, the patient breathing circuit and a nasal mask, etc., when the air flow generated by the air intake tube into the short nasal mask, the respirator the outside air is cut off, to avoid harmful gases or toxic gases into the human respiratory system; since the ventilation the ventilator to measure time based on the patient's condition, over time, a conventional nasal mask ventilator cause significant portion of Le Hen, patient discomfort, to solve this problem, to make certain improvements in the use of a nasal mask, nasal mask the tension of the headband to reduce the sense of tension to eliminate the face, but in actual use when during patient movement or rotation of the head a little, because the child would tear discomfort nasal mask, nasal mask may occur leading to relaxation outside air enters the human respiratory system, and further exacerbate the condition.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,增大鼻罩与人体面部的接触面积而避免面部出现压迫感,防止外界气体进入到人体呼吸系统中。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide an auxiliary breathing mask frame, increase the contact area with the body portion of the nasal mask and the face appears to avoid pressure, to prevent outside air into the human respiratory system.

[0005] 本发明的目的通过下述技术方案实现: 一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,包括覆盖使用者面部的呼吸面罩和呼吸软管,呼吸面罩上开有气孔,在呼吸面罩的两端安装有通过头带连接的头带扣,在所述呼吸面罩内壁上转动设置有鼻垫,还包括彼此对置的两个扩大部和连接两个扩大部上部的弯曲部,两个扩大部中的一个与所述鼻垫的外缘连接,另一个扩大部端部连接有加厚块;所述呼吸软管包括两端开有通孔的连接筒,两个通孔中的一个与气孔连接,另一个通孔内安装有套管,且套管的一端置于连接筒内,所述套管内转动设置有进气短管,进气短管置于连接筒内部的部分上安装有环形凹槽,所述环形凹槽壁上设有螺纹,套管的端部与环形凹槽螺纹配合。 [0005] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: an auxiliary breathing mask structure, comprising a breathing mask covering the user's face and the breathing tube, the respirator air holes opened at both ends is attached to the respirator the buckle head by the headband connection, on the inner wall of the respirator is provided with a rotatable nose pad, further comprising another two enlarged portions and a curved portion connecting the upper portion of two opposite enlarged portions, two enlarged portions of a and an outer edge connected to the nose pad, the other end is connected with a portion enlarged thickened block; the breathing tube comprises a tube open at both ends through a connecting hole, two through holes with a hole connected to the other a through hole is attached to the sleeve, and the tube placed at the connection end of the sleeve, the sleeve rotatably disposed within the intake pipe shortness of breath, shortness of breath tube is placed into the annular groove portion is attached to the interior of the connection tube, the annular wall of the recess is provided with a threaded end portion with the annular groove mating threaded sleeve. 本发明工作时,呼吸软管与呼吸机连接,气流通过呼吸软管,经过气孔进入到呼吸面罩内,呼吸面罩将使用者的面部覆盖,气流在鼻垫中汇聚然后被吸入使用者的呼吸系统中;使用者在使用过程中,先将呼吸面罩置于鼻部,然后将头带套在头部,转动设置在呼吸面罩中的鼻垫与使用者的面部紧密贴合,鼻垫能够根据使用者的需求做出一定程度的旋转位移,在鼻垫的外缘连接有两个扩大部,两个扩大部上部设有弯曲部,三者之间构成一个倒置的U形空间,当鼻垫完全覆盖到使用者鼻部时,倒置的U形空间对使用者的鼻部周围的皮肤产生一个吸附力,保证使用者在移动或是侧翻身又或是无意中碰撞到呼吸面罩时鼻垫与使用者的面部脱离,避免外界空气或是有害气体进入到使用者的体内。 In operation of the present invention, breathing tube connected to the ventilator, the air flow through the breathing tube through the hole into the breathing mask, breathing mask covering the face of the user, air in the nose pads are brought together and drawn into the respiratory system of a user ; the user during use, the respirator is placed nose first, and then sets the headband on the head, rotatably provided in the respirator nose pad face of the user in close contact, the nose pads can be used in accordance with the consumer to make a degree of rotational displacement, two enlarged portions are connected at the outer edge of the nose pad, the upper bent portion is provided with two enlarged portions form an inverted U-shaped space between three, when the nose pad completely when the nose of a user covered, inverted U space created a suction force to the user's skin around the nose, to ensure that the user stand on either side and move or inadvertently collide with the nose pad to be used when the respirator 's face out, to avoid harmful gases or ambient air into the body of the user. 在长时间的使用过程中,使用者的面部会出现紧绷或是压迫感,原因在于为固定呼吸面罩,在呼吸面罩的两端安装有头带扣,然后通过头带套在头顶,在两个扩大部的其中一个的端部连接有加厚块,加厚块可水平设置, 也可倾斜设置,增大鼻垫与使用者面部的接触面积,进一步消除呼吸面罩对面部的压迫感, 减小使用者面部出现明显勒痕的现象发生; 当使用者在移动或是侧翻身又或是无意中碰撞到呼吸面罩时,会导致呼吸面罩与使用者的面部脱离,外界空气或是有害气体进入到使用者的体内,特别是对于呼吸道疾病患者对于空气质量要求高,泄漏进呼吸面罩的空气不利于患者的康复,严重时会加重病人的病情;本发明的进气短管转动设置在套管内,且在连接筒内进气短管端部的环形凹槽与套管的端部螺纹配合,在使用者发生位置变动时,呼吸机 In the course of long-term use, the user's face appears tight or pressure, because of the respirator is fixed, at both ends of the respirator buckle head is mounted, and then set in the head by the headband, the two wherein one end portion of an enlarged portion of the thick block is connected, horizontally arranged blocks may be thickened, may be inclined to increase the contact area of ​​the nose pad and the user's face, pressure in the breathing mask further elimination of the face, reduction small face of the user pressing imprint phenomenon apparent; when a user or the mobile or inadvertently turned and the side collision to the respirator, the respirator will result from the face of the user, or harmful gases into the ambient air to the user's body, especially for patients with high respiratory respect to air quality, air leakage into the respirator against the rehabilitation of patients, will increase the patient's condition serious; shortness of breath intake pipe inner sleeve rotatably provided in the present invention and the connecting portion of the barrel into the tube end, shortness of breath and the annular groove with the end of the threaded sleeve, occurs when a user changes position, the ventilator 定不动,进气软管在可绕套管360度自由旋转,避免进气短管出现扭曲、弯折现象而导致其受损;当环形凹槽旋转至其外壁与套管紧密接触,达到套管与连接筒之间、环形凹槽与套管之间密封良好,使得呼吸面罩与人体保持相对静止,且能够将外界空气与呼吸面罩完全隔绝,防止外界的空气随呼吸机产生的气流一起进入到人体,保证使用者的安全。 Set fixed, the air intake hose 360 ​​can freely rotate about the sleeve, shortness of breath into the pipe to avoid distorted, bent and cause damage phenomena; annular groove when the sleeve is rotated to close contact with an outer wall, to between the sleeve and the connecting tube, the seal between the annular groove and the well casing, such that the respirator remains relatively stationary with the body, and outside air can be completely isolated from the breathing mask to prevent the air outside the air flow generated by the ventilator, together with into the human body, to ensure the safety of users.

[0006] 所述呼吸软管包括相互连接的连接部和活动部,连接部转动设置在套管内,所述活动部为EVA管。 [0006] The breathing tube includes a connecting portion and a movable portion interconnected connection portions rotatably disposed within the sleeve, the movable portion is EVA tube. 本发明在工作时,以连接部为轴,活动部可进行360度的自由旋转以适应使用在进行不同位置的变换,活动部采用EVC管,EVC管易于进行热压和贴合,可快速与呼吸机的雾化器、连接部密封连接,并且其抗菌能力强并且无毒无污染,适用做对气流质量要求较高的管件材料。 In operation of the present invention, is connected to the shaft portion, the movable portion can be freely rotated 360 degrees to accommodate the use of different positions during the transformation, the movable portion of the tube using EVC, and the EVC tube easy thermocompression bonding, and can be quickly ventilator nebulizer, tight connection connecting portion, and the antibacterial and toxic pollution capability, suitable to make high quality requirements of the gas flow tube material.

[0007] 所述头带包括连接板和网状垫,所述连接板为橡胶板且其一端与头带扣连接,连接板的另一端与网状垫连接。 The [0007] connection plate and a mesh pad comprises a headband, the connecting plate is a rubber plate and having one end connected to the buckle head, the other end of the connecting plate is connected with the mesh pad. 在对呼吸面罩进行固定时,将曲形的连接板置于使用者的耳朵后边,网状垫置于使用者的头顶,网状垫与连接板相连,在特殊情况下,使得病情严重的患者在需要呼吸机辅助治疗时,只需让患者平躺,无需患者抬头或是侧身即可将呼吸面罩安装完毕,改变了传统的鼻罩只能通过橡胶带在使用者头部和颈部缠绕固定的方式,方便呼吸面罩的快速安装与拆卸。 When the respirator is fixed to the curved connection plate placed behind the user's ear, a mesh pad placed on a user's head, the mesh pad connected to the connecting plate, in special cases, such seriously ill patients when mechanical ventilation therapy needs, just lying the patient, without the patient will rise or sideways to complete the installation of the respirator, traditional nasal mask changed only in the winding head and neck of a user secured by a rubber band way, the respirator to facilitate quick installation and removal.

[0008] 还包括安装在呼吸面罩上部的前额支架,前额支架与网状垫连接。 [0008] further comprising an upper portion mounted in the breathing mask forehead support, forehead support the mesh pads are connected. 前额支架分别与呼吸面罩和网状垫连接,使得本发明在急救或是抢救的时候,保持呼吸面罩的稳定固定, 避免在抢救等重要情况下呼吸面罩掉落或是出现漏气现象。 The forehead support is connected to the breathing mask and a mesh pad, so that the present invention is in the emergency rescue or when maintaining stable fixation of the respirator, the respirator to avoid falling or leakage phenomenon occur in critical situations like rescue.

[0009] 还包括接头,所述接头一端与活动部连接,接头的另一端连接进气长管。 [0009] further comprises a linker that one end of the movable portion and the other end is connected to the intake fitting long tube. 根据实际的需求,进气长管通过接头与进气短管连接可实现进气短管的物理长度增加,当呼吸道疾病患者在进行雾化治疗时,接头可及时更换为多通旋转接头,通过连接不同的管路将药物混合一起,经过进气短管流进呼吸面罩中以供患者进行雾化治疗,增大了呼吸软管的实用性能。 According to the actual demand, the intake pipe length via a linker, shortness of breath intake pipes may be implemented to increase the physical length of the intake pipe shortness of breath, respiratory diseases when spray treatment is performed, the linker may be replaced as a multi-way rotary joint, by different lines connected together by mixing the drug, shortness of breath through the intake pipe flows into the patient breathing mask for atomizing treatment, increasing the practical performance of the breathing tube.

[0010] 本发明与现有技术相比,具有如下的优点和有益效果: 1、 本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,在长时间的使用过程中,使用者的面部会出现紧绷或是压迫感,原因在于为固定呼吸面罩,在呼吸面罩的两端安装有头带扣,然后通过头带套在头顶,在两个扩大部的其中一个的端部连接有加厚块,加厚块可水平设置,也可倾斜设置,增大鼻垫与使用者面部的接触面积,进一步消除呼吸面罩对面部的压迫感,减小使用者面部出现明显勒痕的现象发生; 2、 本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,以连接部为轴,活动部可进行360度的自由旋转以适应使用在进行不同位置的变换,活动部采用EVC管,EVC管易于进行热压和贴合,可快速与呼吸机的雾化器、连接部密封连接,并且其抗菌能力强并且无毒无污染,适用做对气流质量要求较高的管件材料; 3、 本发明一种辅 [0010] Compared with the prior art the present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects: 1, an auxiliary breathing mask structure of the present invention, in the process of long-term use, the user's face appears tight or pressure, because the breathing mask is fixed, at both ends of the respirator buckle head is mounted, and then set in the head by the headband, wherein a portion of the end of the enlarged portion is connected to two blocks thickened, thickened block may be horizontally disposed, may be inclined to increase the contact area of ​​the nose pad and the user's face, pressure in the breathing mask further elimination of the face, face significant lessening a user pressing imprint phenomenon; 2, the present invention provides a assisted breathing mask structure, connected to a shaft portion, the movable portion can be freely rotated 360 degrees to accommodate the use of different positions during the transformation, the movable portion of the tube using EVC, and the EVC tube easy thermocompression bonding, and can be quickly ventilator nebulizer, tight connection connecting portion, and the antibacterial and toxic pollution capability, suitable to make high quality requirements of the gas flow pipe materials; 3, the present invention is a co 助呼吸的面罩结构,前额支架分别与呼吸面罩和网状垫连接,使得本发明在急救或是抢救的时候,保持呼吸面罩的稳定固定,避免在抢救等重要情况下呼吸面罩掉落或是出现漏气现象。 Help breathing mask frame, the forehead support is connected to the breathing mask and a mesh pad, so that the present invention is in the emergency rescue or when maintaining stable fixation of the respirator, the respirator to avoid falling in the important case of rescue or the like occurs air leaks.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明实施例的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,并不构成对本发明实施例的限定。 [0011] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of embodiments of the present invention, part of the application is not intended to limit embodiments of the present invention. 在附图中: 图1为本发明的爆炸图; 图2为鼻垫的局部示意图; 图3为呼吸软管的结构不意图; 附图中标记及相应的零部件名称: 1-呼吸长管、2-接头、3-活动部、4-头带扣、5-呼吸面罩、6-鼻垫、7-前额支架、8-头带、9-网状垫、10-加厚垫、11-弯曲部、12-扩大部、13-连接部、14-套管、15-连接筒、16-气孔、17-环形凹槽、18-通孔。 In the drawings: Figure 1 is an exploded view of the invention; FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the nose pad; FIG. 3 is a configuration of the breathing tube is not intended; reference numerals and the corresponding component name: 1- breathing long tube , 2 linker, 3- movable portion, the first buckle 4-, 5- respiratory mask, a nasal cushion 6-, 7- forehead support, the headband 8-, 9- mesh pads, thick pads 10-, 11- the bent portion, 12- enlarged portion, 13 connection portion, 14 casing, the connecting tube 15, 16 the pores, 17 the annular groove 18 through hole.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,下面结合实施例和附图,对本发明作进一步的详细说明,本发明的示意性实施方式及其说明仅用于解释本发明,并不作为对本发明的限定。 [0012] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from, the following Examples and accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described in detail, and exemplary embodiments of the present invention is described only for explaining the present invention , not intended to limit the present invention.

[0013] 实施例1 如图1至图3所示,本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,包括覆盖使用者面部的呼吸面罩5和呼吸软管,呼吸面罩5上开有气孔16,在呼吸面罩5的两端安装有通过连接板8连接的头带扣4,在所述呼吸面罩5内壁上转动设置有鼻垫6,还包括彼此对置的两个扩大部12和连接两个扩大部12上部的弯曲部11,两个扩大部12中的一个与所述鼻垫6的外缘连接, 另一个扩大部12端部连接有加厚块10 ;所述呼吸软管包括两端开有通孔18的连接筒15, 两个通孔18中的一个与气孔连接,另一个通孔18内安装有套管14,且套管14的一端置于连接筒15内,所述套管14内转动设置有进气短管,进气短管置于连接筒15内部的部分上安装有环形凹槽17,所述环形凹槽17壁上设有螺纹,套管14的端部与环形凹槽17螺纹配合。 [0013] FIG Example 1, the mask structure of the present invention shown in FIG 1 to FIG 3 an auxiliary breathing, comprising a breathing mask covering the user's face and the breathing tube 5, hole 16 is opened on the breathing mask 5, the breathing both ends of the visor 5 is mounted through the head 8 is connected to a buckle connecting plate 4, the breathing mask 5 rotatably provided on the inner wall of the nose pad 6, further comprising connecting two enlarged portions and two enlarged portions 12 opposed to each other the curved portion 12 of the upper portion 11, an enlarged portion 12 in the two outer edge of the nose pad 6 is connected to the other enlarged end portion 12 with a thickened portion connected to block 10; the breathing tube opened at both ends comprises the through hole 18 of the connecting tube 15, two through holes 18 with a connector hole, the other of the through-hole 18 is attached to sleeve 14, and one end of the sleeve 14 is positioned within the connection tube 15, the sleeve 14 shortness of breath rotatably disposed within the intake pipe, intake pipe, shortness of breath and an annular recess disposed end portions on the mounting portion of the inner tube 15 is connected to an annular groove 17, the walls of the annular groove 17 provided with a thread, the sleeve 14 threaded engagement groove 17. 本发明工作时,呼吸软管与呼吸机连接,气流通过呼吸软管,经过气孔16进入到呼吸面罩5内,呼吸面罩5将使用者的面部覆盖,气流在鼻垫6中汇聚然后被吸入使用者的呼吸系统中;使用者在使用过程中,先将呼吸面罩5置于鼻部,然后将连接板8套在头部,转动设置在呼吸面罩5中的鼻垫6与使用者的面部紧密贴合,鼻垫6能够根据使用者的需求做出一定程度的旋转位移,在鼻垫6的外缘连接有两个扩大部12,两个扩大部12上部设有弯曲部11,三者之间构成一个倒置的U形空间,当鼻垫6完全覆盖到使用者鼻部时,倒置的U形空间对使用者的鼻部周围的皮肤产生一个吸附力,保证使用者在移动或是侧翻身又或是无意中碰撞到呼吸面罩5时鼻垫6与使用者的面部脱离,避免外界空气或是有害气体进入到使用者的体内。 In operation of the present invention, breathing tube connected to the ventilator, the air flow through the breathing tube through the aperture 16 into the breathing mask 5, the respirator user's face cover 5, the gas flow in the converging nose pad 6 is then sucked use those of the respiratory system; the user during use, the breathing mask 5 is placed nose first, and then the coupling plate 8 in the head cover, rotatably disposed in the respirator nose pad 5 and a user's face close 6 laminating, rotational displacement of the nose pad can be made according to a degree of user demand 6, two enlarged portions 12 are connected, two enlarged portions 12 provided with an upper bent portion 11, three of the outer edge of the nose pad 6 inter constituting an inverted U-shaped space, when the nose pads 6 completely covers the nose to a user, the inverted U-shaped space created a suction force to the user's skin around the nose, to ensure that the mobile users stand or side when the nose pad and the breathing mask or to accidentally collide with a user's face 56 disengaged, to avoid harmful gases or ambient air into the body of the user. 在长时间的使用过程中,使用者的面部会出现紧绷或是压迫感,原因在于为固定呼吸面罩5,在呼吸面罩5的两端安装有头带扣4,然后通过连接板8套在头顶,在两个扩大部12的其中一个的端部连接有加厚块10,加厚块10可水平设置,也可倾斜设置,增大鼻垫6与使用者面部的接触面积,进一步消除呼吸面罩5对面部的压迫感,减小使用者面部出现明显勒痕的现象发生; 当使用者在移动或是侧翻身又或是无意中碰撞到呼吸面罩5时,会导致呼吸面罩5与使用者的面部脱离,外界空气或是有害气体进入到使用者的体内,特别是对于呼吸道疾病患者对于空气质量要求高,泄漏进呼吸面罩5的空气不利于患者的康复,严重时会加重病人的病情;本发明的进气短管转动设置在套管14内,且在连接筒15内进气短管端部的环形凹槽17与套管14的端部螺纹配合,在使用者发生位置变 In the course of long-term use, the user's face appears tight or pressure, due to the breathing mask 5 is fixed, at both ends of the respirator head 5 is attached to the buckle 4, and then sets by webs 8 head, wherein the two enlarged end portion 12 is connected to a thickening of the block 10, block 10 may be thicker horizontally disposed, may be inclined, the contact area with the user's face 6 is increased nose pad further eliminate breathing 5 the pressure in the face mask, the user's face is reduced apparent pressing imprint phenomenon; or when the user moves or inadvertently turned and the side collision to the breathing mask 5, 5 will cause the user of the respirator face from the outside air or harmful gases into the body of the user, especially for patients with respiratory air quality requirements for high air leakage into the breathing mask 5 is not conducive to the rehabilitation of patients, will increase the patient's condition serious; shortness of breath inlet tube rotatably disposed within the sleeve of the present invention 14, and shortness of breath into the annular groove of the tube end portion 17 and an end portion of the sleeve 14 screwed in the connector tube 15, positional displacement occurs in the user 时,呼吸机固定不动,进气软管在可绕套管360度自由旋转,避免进气短管出现扭曲、弯折现象而导致其受损;当环形凹槽17旋转至其外壁与套管14紧密接触,达到套管14与连接筒15之间、环形凹槽17与套管14之间密封良好,使得呼吸面罩与人体保持相对静止,且能够将外界空气与呼吸面罩完全隔绝,防止外界的空气随呼吸机产生的气流一起进入到人体,保证使用者的安全。 When the ventilator is stationary, the air intake hose 360 ​​can freely rotate about the sleeve, shortness of breath into the pipe to avoid distorted, bent and cause damage to the phenomenon; when the annular groove 17 and the rotary sleeve to its outer wall close contact with tube 14, 15 between the sleeve 14 and the connection tube to achieve the annular groove 17 and a good seal between the sleeve 14, so that the respirator remains relatively stationary with the body, and outside air can be completely isolated from the breathing mask to prevent outside air with the air flow generated by the ventilator enters the body together to ensure the safety of users.

[0014] 实施例2 如图1和图3所示,本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,所述呼吸软管包括相互连接的连接部13和活动部3,连接部13转动设置在套管14内,所述活动部3为EVA管。 And FIG. 2, the structure of the present invention, an auxiliary breathing mask 1 shown in FIG. 3 [0014] embodiment, the breathing tube includes a connecting portion 13 and movable portion 3 connected to each other, the connecting portion 13 rotatably disposed in the sleeve 14, the movable portion 3 of EVA tube. 本发明在工作时,以连接部13为轴,活动部3可进行360度的自由旋转以适应使用在进行不同位置的变换,活动部3采用EVC管,EVC管易于进行热压和贴合,可快速与呼吸机的雾化器、连接部13密封连接,并且其抗菌能力强并且无毒无污染,适用做对气流质量要求较高的管件材料。 In operation of the present invention, is connected to the shaft portion 13, the movable section 3 can be freely rotated 360 degrees to accommodate different locations using the transformation is performed, the movable section 3 uses tubes EVC, and the EVC tube easy thermocompression bonding, quick, sealed connection portion 13 is connected to the ventilator and the nebulizer, and the antibacterial and toxic pollution capability, suitable to make high quality requirements of the gas flow tube material.

[0015] 实施例3 如图1所示,本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,所述头带包括连接板8和网状垫9,所述连接板8为橡胶板且其一端与头带扣4连接,连接板8的另一端与网状垫9连接。 [0015] Example 3 As shown, the structure of the present invention, an auxiliary breathing mask, the headgear comprising a web 8 and mesh pad 9, the web 8 is a rubber plate and one end of the headband 1 buckle 4 is connected to the other end of the link plate 8 connected to the web 9 of the pad. 在对呼吸面罩5进行固定时,将曲形的连接板8置于使用者的耳朵后边,网状垫9置于使用者的头顶,网状垫9与连接板8相连,在特殊情况下,使得病情严重的患者在需要呼吸机辅助治疗时,只需让患者平躺,无需患者抬头或是侧身即可将呼吸面罩5安装完毕,改变了传统的鼻罩只能通过橡胶带在使用者头部和颈部缠绕固定的方式,方便呼吸面罩5的快速安装与拆卸。 When the respirator 5 are fixed on the curved web 8 is placed behind the user's ear, a mesh pad placed on a user's head 9, the mesh pad 9 is connected to the web 8, in special cases, such seriously ill patients in the need for mechanical ventilation therapy, the patient lying simply, without the rise or sideways patient breathing mask 5 can be installed, changed the traditional nasal mask only with the user through a rubber head and the neck portion is wound in a fixed manner, to facilitate quick installation and removal of the breathing mask 5.

[0016] 还包括安装在呼吸面罩5上部的前额支架7,前额支架7与网状垫9连接。 [0016] further comprises a forehead support is mounted on an upper portion of the breathing mask 5, 7, 7 and the forehead support 9 is connected to the mesh pad. 前额支架7分别与呼吸面罩5和网状垫9连接,使得本发明在急救或是抢救的时候,保持呼吸面罩5的稳定固定,避免在抢救等重要情况下呼吸面罩5掉落或是出现漏气现象。 7 forehead support 9 is connected to the breathing mask respectively and the mesh pad 5, so that the present invention is in the emergency rescue or when maintaining stable respiratory mask 5 fixed to avoid falling respiratory mask 5 or leakage occurs in critical situations like rescue gas phenomenon.

[0017] 实施例4 如图1所示,本发明一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,还包括接头2,所述接头2 -端与活动部3连接,接头2的另一端连接进气长管1。 [0017] Example 4, the structure of the present invention an auxiliary breathing mask 1, further comprising a connector 2, the connector 2 - 3 are connected end to the movable portion, the other end of the joint 2 is connected to an intake pipe length 1 . 根据实际的需求,进气长管1通过接头2与进气短管连接可实现进气短管的物理长度增加,当呼吸道疾病患者在进行雾化治疗时,接头2 可及时更换为多通旋转接头,通过连接不同的管路将药物混合一起,经过进气短管流进呼吸面罩5中以供患者进行雾化治疗,增大了呼吸软管的实用性能。 According to the actual demand, the intake tube 1 is connected via a long linker shortness of breath intake pipe 2 may be implemented to increase the physical length of the intake pipe, shortness of breath, respiratory diseases when spray treatment is performed, the joint 2 can be replaced as a multi-way rotation linker through different line connecting the drug are mixed together, shortness of breath through the intake pipe 5 flows into the respirator to the patient for the treatment of atomization, increasing the practical performance of the breathing tube.

[0018] 以上所述的具体实施方式,对本发明的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施方式而已,并不用于限定本发明的保护范围,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0018] The foregoing specific embodiments, objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the invention will be further described in detail, it should be understood that the above descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all within the spirit and principle of the present invention, any changes made, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. 一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,包括覆盖使用者面部的呼吸面罩(5)和呼吸软管,呼吸面罩(5)上开有气孔,在呼吸面罩(5)的两端安装有通过连接板(8)连接的头带扣(4),其特征在于:在所述呼吸面罩(5)内壁上转动设置有鼻垫(6),还包括彼此对置的两个扩大部(12)和连接两个扩大部(12)上部的弯曲部(11),两个扩大部(12)中的一个与所述鼻垫(6) 的外缘连接,另一个扩大部(12)端部连接有加厚块(10);所述呼吸软管包括两端开有通孔(18)的连接筒(15),两个通孔(18)中的一个与气孔(16)连接,另一个通孔(18)内安装有套管(14),且套管(14)的一端置于连接筒(15)内,所述套管(14)内转动设置有进气短管, 进气短管置于连接筒(15)内部的部分上安装有环形凹槽(17),所述环形凹槽(17)壁上设有螺纹,套管(14)的端部与环形凹槽(17)螺纹配合。 An assisted breathing mask structure, comprising a breathing mask covering the user's face (5) and the breathing tube, the opened pores breathing mask (5), attached to both ends of the respirator (5) has a web by (8) the buckle head (4) is connected, characterized in that: (5) provided with a rotatable nose pads (6) on the inner wall of the respiratory mask, further comprising another two enlarged portions facing (12) and connected (12) an upper bent portion (11) two enlarged portions, two enlarged portions (12) of one of said nose pad (6) is connected to the outer edge, the other enlarged end portion (12) is connected with a chunks (10); said breathing tube comprises a tube open at both ends with a connecting through hole (18) (15), with a hole (16) two through holes (18) is connected, the other through hole ( One end of the sleeve is mounted (14)) 18, and the sleeve (14) placed in the connecting tube (15), said cannula (rotatably) 14 provided with an intake pipe shortness of breath, shortness of breath inlet tube was placed an annular groove (17) connection tube (15) mounted on the interior portion of the annular groove (17) provided with walls (17) with a threaded screw, the sleeve (14) and the end portion of the annular groove.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,其特征在于:所述进气短管包括相互连接的连接部(13)和活动部(3),连接部(13)转动设置在套管(14)内,所述活动部(3) 为EVA管。 An assisted breathing mask structure according to claim 1, wherein: said tube includes a connecting portion shortness of breath inlet (13) and movable portion (3) interconnected, (13) provided rotatably connecting portions within the cannula (14), the movable portion (3) for the EVA tube.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,其特征在于:所述头带包括连接板(8)和网状垫(9),所述连接板(8)为橡胶板且其一端与头带扣(4)连接,头带(4)的另一端与网状垫(9)连接。 The secondary structure of a breathing mask according to claim 1, wherein: the headband comprises a web (8) and a mesh pad (9), the web (8) is a rubber plate, and one end of which the buckle head (4), and the other end of the headband (4) is connected to the mesh pad (9).
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,其特征在于:还包括安装在呼吸面罩(5)上部的前额支架(7),前额支架(7)与网状垫(9)连接。 An assisted breathing mask structure according to claim 3, characterized in that: further comprising a breathing mask mounted in the forehead support (5) of the upper (7), a forehead support (7) with the mesh pad (9) connection.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1或2所述的一种辅助呼吸的面罩结构,其特征在于:还包括接头(2),所述接头(2)-端与活动部(3)连接,接头(2)的另一端连接进气长管(1)。 A assisted breathing mask structure according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that: further comprising a connector (2), said joint (2) - and the active end portion (3) is connected to the joint (2) the other end of the intake pipe length (1).
CN 201410330632 2014-07-14 2014-07-14 Respiration-assisting mask structure CN104056333A (en)

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CN103619391A (en) * 2011-06-21 2014-03-05 雷斯梅德有限公司 Pap system
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CN203989381U (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-12-10 成都万顺达模具零件有限公司 Breathing machine mask

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29723101U1 (en) * 1997-04-05 1998-05-28 Weinmann G Geraete Med A device for coupling to respiratory masks
CN101862496A (en) * 2002-09-06 2010-10-20 雷斯梅德有限公司 Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
EP2522383A1 (en) * 2003-05-02 2012-11-14 ResMed Ltd. A mask system
US20100229866A1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2010-09-16 Austrlian Centre for Advanced Medical Tecnology Pty Ltd Gas mask assembly with swivel connector
US20110126838A1 (en) * 2009-12-02 2011-06-02 Air Liquide Medical Systems Respiratory nasal mask with pivotable arm for holding and orientating the forehead support
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