CN104055596B - An animal automatic quantitative liquid filling means - Google Patents

An animal automatic quantitative liquid filling means Download PDF

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CN104055596B
CN104055596B CN201410298975.7A CN201410298975A CN104055596B CN 104055596 B CN104055596 B CN 104055596B CN 201410298975 A CN201410298975 A CN 201410298975A CN 104055596 B CN104055596 B CN 104055596B
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liquid
animal
automatic
reservoir
provided
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CN104055596A (en
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谭春萍
陈学文
胡玉平
张艳雯
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南宁学院
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种动物自动定量灌液装置及其操作方法,通过设置由水泵驱动的自动吸液装置,使储液罐内待灌服液体不必进行高举或悬挂即可直接进入动物体内,使操作更为简单。 The present invention discloses an animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus and method of operation, by providing an automatic pipetting device driven by a water pump, so that the liquid to be fed inside the reservoir serving for suspension need not be held high or directly into the animal, so that operation easier. 通过在给液管设置流量计,并通过将流量计与自动阀门连接,可根据需要设定流量计的阀值,使灌液过程中在灌服一定的液体后阀门自动关闭,从而准确控制灌服量,避免由于操作不当灌服量太大对动物造成伤害。 The automatic valve by a flow meter is connected by tubing to a flow meter is provided, and, a flow meter according to the set threshold needed to make the process of liquid filling valve is automatically closed after a certain liquid fed to accurately control the filling Dosage and avoid undue amount fed too much damage to the animal due to the operation. 同时,提供一种通过鼻腔将给液管插入动物胃部的方法,以及通过三个步骤对给液管是否到达胃部进行有效判定的方法,避免给液管误插入气管对动物造成的严重损害,具有安全性高、工作效率高、操作简单且能够精确定量的优点。 Meanwhile, there is provided a method of animal stomach tube inserted through the nose will solution, and a method for effective determination of whether the liquid line to reach the stomach through three steps, to prevent erroneous insertion catheter serious damage caused by the animal trachea , with high safety, high efficiency, simple and accurate quantification can be an advantage.

Description

一种动物自动定量灌液装置 An animal automatic quantitative liquid filling means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及动物医疗器械领域,尤其涉及一种动物自动定量灌液装置及其操作方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to an animal medical devices, and more particularly relates to an animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus and method of operation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,用于动物治病灌服的方式,尤其针对如马、牛等大动物的灌液方式,一般采用简易的手工方式进行,其灌药工具采用胃导管、灌槽、玻璃瓶或手动气压式的操作工具等器械,其灌注方法是:首先将大动物保定,然后强行掰开大动物的口腔将胃导管强制送入胃内。 [0002] Currently, for treatment of animals fed manner, in particular for irrigation fluid manner such as horses, cattle and other large animals, in general performed using a simple manually, using tools which gastric perfusion catheter, irrigation channel, bottles or manual operation of pneumatic tools and other equipment, which perfusion is: firstly Baoding large animals, and then forced to break apart large animals orally gastric catheter forced into the stomach. 操作过程中,一人固定大动物的头部,另一人高举灌槽等器具,对大动物强行灌药。 During operation, one large animals fixed head, while the other grooves hold high irrigation and other equipment, large animal drench force. 操作过程中,由于大动物过度紧张且强烈挣扎,操作者很容易将药物灌到牲畜的气管中而导致动物死亡。 During operation, because of the large animals to excessive tension and intense struggle, the operator can easily fill a drug to livestock trachea leading to death of the animals. 而且动物不断挣扎增加灌药操作的风险,或用牙齿咬破胃导管,或对人体造成伤害,使操作无法正常进行。 And an increased risk of struggling animal drench operations, or with his teeth bite stomach catheter, or cause harm to humans, so the operation can not be normal.

[0003]近年来,国内外也有制造商把胃导管改为软钢管以解决动物咬破胃导管的问题,或将灌药瓶改为气压式的操作工具,解决了高举灌槽灌药的问题,但还是不能从根本上解决操作过程中出现的不安全、费工、费时及费力等问题。 [0003] In recent years, domestic and foreign manufacturers have the stomach instead of soft steel pipe to solve the problem of animal bite stomach catheter, or filling the bottle instead of pneumatic operating tool to solve the problem of exalted Tanker drench unsafe process, but still can not fundamentally solve operating problems, a lot of work, time-consuming and laborious other issues. 因此很有必要开发一种安全性高、工作效率高、操作简单且能够自动定量的动物灌服器械。 Therefore it is necessary to develop a safe, efficient, easy to operate and can be automatically fed animals quantitative instrument.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明的目的在于针对一般动物灌液器械的不足,提供一种动物自动定量灌液装置及其操作方法,通过设置由水栗驱动的自动吸液装置,使储液罐内待灌服液体不必进行高举或悬挂即可直接进入动物体内。 [0004] The object of the present invention is generally less than for animals irrigation fluid device, there is provided an animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus and method of operation, by providing an automatic pipetting device driven by the water chestnut, so that the irrigation fluid reservoir to be service liquid is not necessary to hold high or suspended directly into the animal. 另外,通过在给液管的一定位置设置可自动计算液体流量的流量计,并通过将流量计与自动阀门连接,可根据需要设定流量计的阀值,使灌液过程中在灌服一定的液体后阀门自动关闭,从而准确控制灌服量。 Further, at a predetermined position is provided by the liquid pipe can be automatically calculated liquid flow meter, and the meter is automatically connected by the valve, a flow meter can be set as desired threshold, so that irrigation fluid fed during the constant after the liquid valve automatically closes to accurately control the amount fed.

[0005]本发明的另一个目的是,提供一种通过鼻腔将给液管插入动物胃部的方法,以及通过三个步骤对给液管是否到达胃部进行有效判定的方法,避免给液管误插入气管或肺部进行灌液对动物造成的严重损害,具有操作简便、安全可靠的优点。 [0005] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method by stomach tube inserted into an animal will nasal fluid, and a method for efficiently determining whether the pipette to reach the stomach through three steps, to prevent the liquid pipe mistakenly inserted into the trachea or lungs serious damage to animals caused by irrigation fluid, simple, safe and reliable.

[0006]本发明的技术方案为: [0006] aspect of the present invention is:

[0007] —种动物自动定量灌液装置,包括: [0007] - animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus comprising:

[0008]储液罐,其底部设置有转动轮; [0008] The reservoir, which is provided with a turning wheel at the bottom;

[0009]自动吸液装置,其包括吸液管、给液管及水栗,其中所述吸液管的第一端设置于所述储液罐内部,所述吸液管第二端与水栗的进水口连通并由水栗驱动对储液罐内的液体进行抽吸,所述给液管的第一端与水栗的出水口连通; [0009] Automatic pipetting device comprising a pipette, a liquid pipe and water chestnut, wherein the first end of the suction pipe disposed inside the liquid reservoir, the second end of the suction pipette with water the inlet communicating Li Li driven by the water in the reservoir of the liquid suction, to the first end of the outlet water chestnut communication liquid pipe;

[0010]定量装置,其包括缓冲管及流量计,其中所述缓冲管为一直径大于给液管直径的中空管,所述缓冲管设置于给液管上一定的位置并与给液管连通,所述流量计由压力感应器和定时器组成,其中所述压力感应器设置于所述缓冲管的内壁,所述定时器与压力感应器连接并由其启动进行计时构成可计算经过缓冲管的液体流量的流量计。 [0010] dosing device, which includes a buffer tube and a flowmeter, wherein a diameter of said buffer tube is greater than the fluid tube diameter hollow tube disposed in the buffer tube to a predetermined position on the liquid pipe and the liquid feeding tube communicating said flow meter by a pressure sensor and a timer, where the pressure sensor is provided on an inner wall of the buffer tube, the pressure sensor is connected with a timer which starts clocking by constituting calculated buffered liquid flow meter tube.

[0011]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述定量装置还包括自动阀门,所述自动阀门设置于给液管上接近于给液管第二端的位置,所述自动阀门与所述流量计连接并由流量计控制进行自动关闭。 [0011] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said dosing apparatus further comprises an automatic valve, said automatic valve disposed close to the liquid pipe to the second end of the catheter position, the automatic the flow meter is connected by a valve and flowmeter controlled automatically closed.

[0012]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述流量计上设置有用于重新进行流量计算的重启按钮,所述自动阀门与重启按钮连接并由其控制进行开启。 [0012] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said flow meter is provided with a reset button to re-calculate the flow rate, and the automatic valve connected to and controlled by the reset button for opening.

[0013]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述流量计的定时器可调并使流量计设置有多个不同的液体流量计量阀值。 [0013] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, the flow meter and an adjustable timer is provided with a plurality of different flow meters of liquid flow measurement threshold.

[0014]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述定量装置还包括警报器,所述警报器与所述流量计连接并由其启动发出一定的提示;所述警报器可以是能够发出提示音的蜂鸣器或进行闪烁的灯具。 [0014] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said dosing apparatus further comprises an alarm, the alarm is connected to the meter by which emitted a certain start prompt; the alarm It may be able to issue buzzer sounds or flashing lamps.

[0015]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述储液罐外壁设置有用于拉动储液罐的拉环;所述转动轮的数量为多个;所述吸液管的第一端通过卡环固定于所述储液罐内部的底部。 [0015] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, the outer wall of the reservoir is provided with a pull tab for pulling the reservoir; the number of said plurality of wheel rotation; the pipette a first end by a snap ring fixed to the bottom of the interior of the reservoir.

[0016]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述储液罐底部还设置有搅拌装置,所述搅拌装置包括转轴和浆片,所述浆片环绕转轴设置并由转轴带动进行旋转,所述转轴与一电机连接并由其驱动进行转动。 [0016] Preferably, said animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, the reservoir bottom provided with a stirring means, said stirring means comprises a rotating shaft and a paddle, the paddle provided around the rotating shaft by a shaft drive rotates the shaft connected to and driven by a motor for rotation.

[0017] 一种动物自动定量灌液装置的操作方法,其特征在于,将给液管通过鼻腔插入胃部,具体包括以下步骤: [0017] A method of operating an animal automated quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that the liquid will stomach through the nasal tube is inserted, includes the following steps:

[0018]步骤一、保定,将待灌液动物进行保定; [0018] Step a, Baoding, irrigation fluid to be Baoding animals;

[0019]步骤二、插管,将给液管的第二端插入动物鼻腔内至渗气孔,适量抽动给液管使动物产生吞咽动作,在动物产生吞咽动作的时刻将给液管继续向内插入一定距离到达胃部; [0019] Step two, the second end of the inner cannula inserted into an animal, to give a liquid nasal air bleed tube, an appropriate amount of the liquid pipe tic animals to produce swallowing, swallowing timing generated in the animal will continue inwardly liquid pipe inserted a certain distance reaches the stomach;

[0020]步骤三、灌服,给液管第二端进入动物胃部后开启所述自动定量灌液装置的自动阀门进行灌服,直至完成灌服量后将给液管抽出,即完成一个灌服过程。 [0020] Step three, drenches, to the second end of the fluid tube into the stomach of animals automatically opening the valve automated quantitative liquid filling apparatus will be fed, until after completion of the amount fed to the catheter is withdrawn to complete a gavage process.

[0021]优选的是,所述的动物自动定量灌液装置的操作方法中,步骤二中需对给液管第二端是否到达胃部进行判定,判定方法为: [0021] Preferably, the method for operating liquid filling apparatus animal automatic quantitative said, the need to perform step two to the second end of the catheter reaches the stomach determination method determines:

[0022]步骤一、将给液管第二端经过鼻腔插入一定距离后,判断给液管第一端口部是否有连续的呼吸气流排出,若有连续的呼吸气流排出判断为给液管第二端没有到达胃部,需将给液管抽出并重复权利要求8中步骤二操作进行重新插管;若无连续的呼吸气流而是间断的轻微气体排出则初步判断给液管第二端到达胃部,需进行以下步骤二操作进行进一步判定; [0022] Step a second end inserted into the nasal cavity through the catheter will after a certain distance, to the first port portion is determined whether there is a continuous liquid pipe discharging breathing gas, if a continuous flow of breathing gas is discharged to the liquid pipe determined that the second end does not reach the stomach, and the withdrawn liquid pipe will need to repeat the steps as claimed in claim 8 in two operations reintubated; without a continuous flow of breathing gas, but the gas discharge slight intermittent preliminary determined to the second liquid pipe end reaches the stomach section, the following steps need to be determined for further two operations;

[0023]步骤二、通过给液管第一端向内吹气,若不能吹入气体,则判断给液管已经打折,需将给液管抽出并重复权利要求8中步骤二操作进行重新插管;若可吹入气体则进一步判断给液管第二端到达胃部,需进行以下步骤三操作进行最终判定; [0023] Step two, to a first end of the liquid pipe by blowing inwardly, if not blowing gas, the liquid pipe determined to have been discounted, to be withdrawn and the catheter will repeat claims 8 second operating step for reinserting tube; if it is further determined gas may be blown to the second end of the catheter reaches the stomach, the need for the step of determining the final three operations;

[0024]步骤三、向给液管中吹入少量气体后,判断给液管第一端是否有异味散出,如有异味散出则可最终判定给液管第二端到达胃部。 [0024] Step three, the small amount of gas is blown to the liquid pipe, it is determined whether the first end to the liquid pipe shed odor, odor if the final decision can be shed to the second end of the catheter reach the stomach.

[0025]本发明具有以下有益效果:本发明所述的动物自动定量灌液装置及其操作方法,通过设置由水栗驱动的自动吸液装置,使储液罐内待灌服液体不必进行高举或悬挂即可直接进入动物体内,使操作更为简单。 [0025] The present invention has the following advantages: the animals of the present invention is a liquid automatic quantitative filling apparatus and method of operation, by providing an automatic pipetting device driven by a water chestnut, so that the liquid to be fed inside the reservoir service need not be exalted or suspended directly into the animal to make the operation easier. 另外,通过在给液管的一定位置设置可自动计算液体流量的流量计,并通过将流量计与自动阀门连接,可根据需要设定流量计的阀值,使灌液过程中在灌服一定的液体后阀门自动关闭,从而准确控制灌服量,避免由于操作不当灌服量太大对动物造成伤害。 Further, at a predetermined position is provided by the liquid pipe can be automatically calculated liquid flow meter, and the meter is automatically connected by the valve, a flow meter can be set as desired threshold, so that irrigation fluid fed during the constant after the liquid valve automatically closes to accurately control the amount of gavage, to avoid improper fed amount is too large damage to the animal due to the operation.

[0026]同时,提供一种通过鼻腔将给液管插入动物胃部的方法,以及通过三个步骤对给液管是否到达胃部进行有效判定的方法,避免给液管误插入气管或肺部进行灌液对动物造成的严重损害,具有安全性高、工作效率高、操作简单且能够精确定量的优点。 [0026] Meanwhile, there is provided a method of animal stomach tube inserted through the nose will solution, and a method for effective determination of whether the liquid line to reach the stomach through three steps, to prevent erroneous liquid pipe inserted into the trachea or lungs for irrigation fluid to the serious damage caused by the animal, with high safety, high efficiency, simple and accurate quantification can be an advantage.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027]图1为本发明所述的动物自动定量灌液装置的结构示意图。 The present invention is an animal [0027] Fig 1 a schematic view of an automatic liquid filling apparatus quantitative.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0028]下面结合附图对本发明做详细说明,以令本领域普通技术人员参阅本说明书后能够据以实施。 [0028] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The present invention in detail, in order to make those of ordinary skill in the art It is possible to refer to the description of the present embodiment.

[0029 ]如图1所示,本发明所述的一种动物自动定量灌液装置,包括: [0029] As shown in FIG 1, the present invention is an animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus comprising:

[0030]储液罐I,其底部设置有转动轮2;所述转动轮2的数量为多个,一般可设置为3或4个,其中至少有I个为可进行转向的万向轮,方便根据需要对储液罐I进行灵活移动。 [0030] I reservoir, the bottom thereof is provided with a rotation of the wheel 2; the number of said plurality of rotatable wheel 2, and can be set to 3 or 4, wherein at least one of I may be steerable caster, easy to move flexibly reservoir I needed. 也可单独设置一个用于安置储液罐I的可移动的推车,通过将储液罐I固定于推车的平板上进行对储液罐I的移动。 It may also be provided separately movable trolley a reservoir for housing I, by moving the reservoir of the reservoir plate I, I fixed to the cart.

[0031]自动吸液装置,其包括吸液管3、给液管4及水栗5,其中所述吸液管3的第一端设置于所述储液罐I内部,并伸入液面以下位置,所述吸液管3第二端与水栗5的进水口连通并由水栗5驱动对储液罐I内的液体进行抽吸,所述给液管4的第一端与水栗5的出水口连通,给液管4的第二端通过鼻腔插入动物的胃中;另外,所述吸液管3及给液管4均为软管。 [0031] Automatic pipetting device comprising a pipette 3, a liquid pipe 4 and water chestnut 5, wherein said pipette is provided at a first end of the reservoir 3 interior I, and extending into the liquid level the following position, the second end of the pipette with water 3 Li inlet 5 communicating Li 5 by driving the liquid water in the reservoir I suction, the liquid to a first end of the pipe 4 with water Li outlet 5 communicates to the second end of the fluid pipe 4 is inserted into the stomach of the animals through the nose; Further, the suction hose 3 and 4 are liquid pipe to the liquid pipe.

[0032]定量装置,其包括缓冲管6及流量计7,其中所述缓冲管6为一直径大于给液管4直径的中空管,可存储5-20ml的液体,所述缓冲管6设置于给液管4上一定的位置并与给液管4连通,所述流量计7由压力感应器和定时器组成,其中所述压力感应器设置于所述缓冲管6的内壁,用于感应缓冲管6内液体满管时的压力,所述定时器与压力感应器连接并由其启动进行计时构成可计算经过缓冲管6的液体流量的流量计7。 [0032] The dosing device, which includes a buffer tube 6 and a flowmeter 7, wherein said buffer tube 6 as a catheter to a diameter larger than the diameter of the hollow pipe 4, the liquid may be stored in 5-20ml of the buffer tube 6 is provided in a certain position and to a liquid pipe and a liquid communication pipe 44, the flow meter 7 by a pressure sensor and a timer, where the pressure sensor is provided on an inner wall of said buffer tube 6 for sensing pressure pipe 6 over the liquid buffer tube, the pressure sensor is connected with a timer which starts clocking by constituting the buffer tube may be calculated through the liquid flow meter 6 7. 另外,所述缓冲管6的出液口比进液口较小,开启水栗5后储液罐I中的液体经过吸液管3后进入缓冲管6内,由于缓冲管6的出液口小于进液口使缓冲管6内液体满管,从而在水栗5开启的状态下缓冲管6内保持一定的水压。 In addition, the buffer liquid outlet tube 6 is smaller than the inlet port, through the opening 3 into the buffer tube of the pipette after the water chestnut 5 6 liquid reservoir I is, since the buffer liquid outlet tube 6 the buffer is smaller than the liquid inlet pipe 6 inside the liquid filled tube so that the water chestnut 5 opened state of the buffer to maintain a certain water pressure in the pipe 6. 从压力感应器感应到压力开始,流量计7的定时器开始定时并计算通过缓冲管6的液体体积。 From the pressure sensor senses pressure begins, the timer 7 start timing of the flowmeter and calculating the volume of the buffer liquid through tube 6.

[0033]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述定量装置还包括自动阀门8,所述自动阀门8设置于给液管4上接近于给液管4第二端的位置,所述自动阀门8与所述流量计7连接并由流量计7控制进行自动关闭,从而准确控制灌液量。 [0033] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said dosing device further comprises an automatic valve 8, the valve 4 automatically close the second end position to the liquid pipe 48 is provided in the liquid pipe to the automatic valve 8 is connected to the flow meter 7 by 7 meter automatically close control to accurately control the amount of irrigation fluid. 所述自动阀门8也可进行手动关闭。 The automatic valve 8 can also be manually turned off.

[0034]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述流量计7上设置有用于重新进行流量计算的重启按钮,所述自动阀门8与重启按钮连接并由其控制进行开启,从而在完成一个动物的灌服之后进行下一个动物的灌服操作。 [0034] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said flow meter 7 is provided for the re-flow calculation reset button, the automatic valve 8 is connected to the Reset button is turned on by its control to the completion one of the next operating fed animals after fed animals.

[0035]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述流量计7的定时器可调并使流量计7设置有多个不同的液体流量计量阀值。 [0035] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said flow meter and an adjustable timer 7 meter 7 is provided with a plurality of different liquid flow measurement threshold. 根据不同的灌服量调节流量计7的阀值,使灌服量得到精确的调节,调节的方式主要通过调节定时器的时间来实现,液体的流速一定,则调节灌服时间即可准确计算并控制灌液量。 Depending on the fed amount adjustment threshold flowmeter 7, so that the amount fed to obtain precise adjustment, in a manner primarily be achieved by adjusting a timer time constant liquid flow rate, the adjustment time can be accurately calculated drenches and controlling the amount of irrigation fluid.

[0036]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述定量装置还包括警报器,所述警报器与所述流量计7连接并由其启动发出一定的提示,当灌液量达到流量计7设定的阀值时,警报器发出提示,自动阀门8关闭,或进行手动关闭阀门,灌液结束,有效避免多灌或少灌状况的发生。 [0036] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said dosing apparatus further comprises an alarm, the alarm with the flow meter 7 is connected to its start is issued by certain tips reached when the irrigation fluid flow meter 7 set threshold, an alarm alert, the valve 8 is closed automatically, or manually closing valves, the end of the irrigation fluid, avoid the occurrence of multiple or less irrigation irrigation conditions.

[0037]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述警报器可以是能够发出提示音的蜂鸣器或进行闪烁的灯具,所述蜂鸣器的音量不易过大,所述灯具的位置距离给液管4第二端距离应较远,以免使动物受到惊吓。 [0037] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, may be capable of emitting the alarm buzzer sound or flashing lamp, the volume of the buzzer is not easy too large, the position of the lamp 4 from the second end to be farther from the liquid pipe, so as not frightened animals.

[0038]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置中,所述储液罐I外壁设置有用于拉动储液罐I的拉环。 [0038] The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said outer wall of reservoir I I is provided with a reservoir for pulling the pull ring. 拉环的数量为两个或两个以上,用于方便拉动储液罐I。 Tab number is two or more, for facilitating pulling reservoir I. 所述吸液管3的第一端通过卡环固定于所述储液罐I内部的底部,使吸液管3的第二端不易从储液罐I内液体中脱离。 The pipette 3 is a first end by a snap ring fixed to the bottom of the reservoir interior I, so that the second end of the pipette 3 is not easily separated from the liquid in the reservoir I.

[0039]所述的动物用自动定量灌液装置中,所述储液罐I底部还设置有搅拌装置,所述搅拌装置包括转轴和浆片,所述浆片环绕转轴设置并由转轴带动进行旋转,所述转轴与一电机连接并由其驱动进行转动。 [0039] The animals with automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus, said reservoir bottom provided with a stirring means I, said stirring means comprises a rotating shaft and a paddle, the paddle around the drive shaft by a shaft arranged for rotating the shaft connected to and driven by a motor for rotation. 在灌服过程中,开启电机使搅拌装置进行低速转动,从而使储液罐I中的液体得到适量的搅拌,使液体混合均匀,避免药物沉淀,保证灌服的药量稳定。 In the course of fed, the motor is turned on at low speed rotation of the stirring device, so that the liquid reservoir I is obtained an appropriate amount of stirring, the homogeneous liquid mixture, to avoid precipitation of the drug to ensure that the dose fed is stabilized.

[0040] 一种动物自动定量灌液装置的操作方法,其特征在于,将给液管4通过鼻腔插入胃部,具体包括以下步骤: [0040] A method of operating an animal automated quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that the liquid pipe 4 is inserted will stomach through the nasal cavity, comprises the steps of:

[0041 ]步骤一、保定,将待灌液动物进行保定;以对牛进行灌液为例,对牛进行绳结保定,按照牛的种类分有角牛保定和无角牛保定两种绳结保定方法,保定的要求为使牛的头部、颈部及躯体尽可能保持舒展,不要屈曲,由其是牛的头部不要刻意抬高,使其处于自然状态为好。 [0041] Step a, Baoding, irrigation fluid to be Baoding animals; cattle for irrigation fluid to an example, the knot Baoding cattle, cattle in accordance with the kind of sub-angular polled cattle and cattle Baoding Baoding two kinds of knots Baoding method, Baoding requirements for the cattle of the head, neck and body be kept as stretch, not buckling, by the head of cattle do not deliberately raising, it is in its natural state as well.

[0042]步骤二、插管,将给液管4外壁涂抹石蜡油,使给液管4更加光滑易插入,将给液管4的第二端插入动物鼻腔内至渗气孔,适量抽动给液管4使动物产生吞咽动作,在动物产生吞咽动作的时刻将给液管4继续向内插入一定距离到达胃部;以成年牛为例,将给液管4第二端从鼻腔插入40-50cm遇到阻力,即到达渗气孔,此时轻微来回抽动给液管4,感觉牛有吞咽动作时不失时机地继续插入给液管4使其到达食管,继续插入150cm左右即到达牛的瘤胃。 [0042] Step two, the cannula, the outer wall of tube 4 will apply liquid paraffin oil, a liquid pipe 4 so that a more smooth and easy insertion of the second end of the tube 4 is inserted into the liquid air bleed will animal nasal cavity, an appropriate amount of liquid to tic generating tube 4 animals swallowing, swallowing timing generated in the animal will continue catheter 4 is inserted a certain distance inwardly reach the stomach; in adult cattle as an example, will give a second liquid pipe end 4 is inserted into the nasal cavity from 40-50cm encounter resistance, i.e. reach the air bleed, this time back and forth to a slight twitch tubing 4, the feeling of swallowing cattle operation to seize the opportunity to further inserted so that it reaches the esophageal catheter 4, i.e. continues to be inserted around 150cm reaches the rumen of cattle. 此种插管方式称为“二进一退法”,可有效避免给液管4返回口腔,使给液管4能够方便快捷的到达胃部。 Such a cannula is called "a back binary Law", which can effectively prevent a liquid return tube mouth 4, so that a liquid pipe 4 can be convenient reach the stomach.

[0043]步骤三、灌服,给液管4第二端进入动物胃部后开启所述自动定量灌液装置的自动阀门8进行灌服,直至完成灌服量后将给液管4抽出,即完成一个灌服过程。 [0043] Step three, drenches, 4 to the second end of the fluid tube into the stomach of animals opening the automatic quantitative irrigation fluid valve means 8 for automatically fed, liquid feeding pipe 4 withdrawn until after the completion of the amount fed, to complete a gavage process. 灌服过程中保证储液罐I中液体进行均匀搅拌,同时灌服完毕后将给液管4内的液水全部倒入胃中后再抽出给液管4,即完成一个灌服过程。 Drenches process to ensure a uniform liquid reservoir I is stirred while a solution after completion of the water fed in the liquid pipe 4 and then emptied into the stomach out to the liquid pipe 4, i.e., a complete gavage procedure. 使用完毕后将储液罐I及水栗5中的液体排出,并擦洗干净,注意日常维护。 After I finished using liquid reservoir and water chestnut 5 discharged and cleaned, pay attention to routine maintenance.

[0044]另外,需注意水栗5不能空转,电机及线路避免与水直接接触。 [0044] Further, note 5 water chestnut not idle, and the motor circuit to avoid direct contact with water.

[0045]所述的动物自动定量灌液装置的操作方法中,步骤二中需对给液管4第二端是否到达胃部进行判定,判定方法为: [0045] The method of operating a liquid filling apparatus automatic quantitative animal, the need for step two to the second end of the catheter 4 reaches the stomach whether or not the determination, the determination method:

[0046]步骤一、将给液管4第二端经过鼻腔插入一定距离后,判断给液管4第一端口部是否有连续的呼吸气流排出,将给液管4第一端置于耳边听,若有连续的呼吸气流排出判断为给液管4第二端没有到达胃部,而是误插入气管,需将给液管4抽出并重复权利要求8中步骤二操作进行重新插管;若无连续的呼吸气流而是间断的轻微气体排出则可能为胃中的气体,则初步判断给液管4第二端到达胃部,需进行以下步骤二操作进行进一步判定; [0046] Step a, the liquid will end after a second pipe 4 is inserted into the nasal cavity at a distance, is determined to a first liquid pipe port portion 4 whether there is a continuous flow of breathing gas discharge tube 4 a first end of the liquid will be placed ear listen, continuous flow of breathing gas discharged if it is determined that the second end to the liquid pipe 4 does not reach the stomach, but is mistakenly inserted into the trachea, tube 4 withdrawn liquid will need to repeat the claims and step 8 two reintubated operation; if there is no continuous flow of breathing gas discharged gas slightly but intermittent gas may stomach, the initial solution is determined to reach the stomach tube 4 a second end, the following steps need to be determined for further two operations;

[0047]步骤二、通过给液管4第一端向内吹气,若不能吹入气体,则判断给液管4已经打折而不畅通,同时观察给液管4是否已经返回口腔,需将给液管4抽出并重复权利要求8中步骤二操作进行重新插管;若可吹入气体则进一步判断给液管4第二端到达胃部,需进行以下步骤三操作进行最终判定; [0047] Step two, the first end of the liquid pipe 4 to blow inwardly, if not blowing gas, liquid pipe 4 is determined to have been discounted and not smooth, fluid pipe 4 while observing whether to return to the oral cavity, the need to a liquid pipe 4 withdrawn in step and repeat claim 8 second operation re cannula; if it is further determined gas may be blown to reach the stomach tube 4 was a second end, the following steps need to be performed three final determination operations;

[0048]步骤三、向给液管4中吹入少量气体后,判断给液管4第一端是否有异味散出,如能够闻到胃部散发出的腥味,即如有异味散出则可最终判定给液管4第二端到达胃部,如闻不到异味则不能确定是否到达胃部,最好重新插管。 [0048] Step three, the small amount of gas is blown to the liquid pipe 4, a liquid pipe 4 is determined whether a first end of the shed odor, smell stomach as can emit smell, i.e. if shed odor it is determined to be the final end of the second liquid pipe 4 reach the stomach, such as smell the odor can not determine whether reach the stomach, the best re-intubation. 另外,判定的过程必须按照顺序进行,且需同时满足三个步骤中的三个条件,即“一听、二吹、三闻”,则不会发生意外,能够保证给液管4从鼻腔顺利到达胃中进行灌服。 Further, the process must be determined in order, and the need to satisfy three conditions in three steps, i.e., "one, two blow, three news", the accident does not occur, it is possible to ensure smooth fluid from the nasal cavity tube 4 reach the stomach were fed.

[0049]尽管本发明的实施方案已公开如上,但其并不仅仅限于说明书和实施方式中所列运用,它完全可以被适用于各种适合本发明的领域,对于熟悉本领域的人员而言,可容易地实现另外的修改,因此在不背离权利要求及等同范围所限定的一般概念下,本发明并不限于特定的细节和这里示出与描述的图例。 [0049] While the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed above, but its use is not limited to the description set forth and described embodiments, which can be applied to various fields suitable for the present invention, for the person skilled in the art , can be easily realized a further modification, thus without departing from the generic concept claims and equivalents as defined by the scope of the present invention is not limited to the specific details shown and described herein with legend.

Claims (6)

1.一种动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,包括: 储液罐,其底部设置有转动轮;所述转动轮的数量为多个,其中至少有I个为可进行转向的万向轮; 自动吸液装置,其包括吸液管、给液管及水栗,其中所述吸液管的第一端设置于所述储液罐内部,所述吸液管第二端与水栗的进水口连通并由水栗驱动对储液罐内的液体进行抽吸,所述给液管的第一端与水栗的出水口连通;所述吸液管及给液管均为软管; 定量装置,其包括缓冲管及流量计,其中所述缓冲管为一直径大于给液管直径的中空管,所述缓冲管设置于给液管上一定的位置并与给液管连通,所述流量计由压力感应器和定时器组成,其中所述压力感应器设置于所述缓冲管的内壁,所述定时器与压力感应器连接并由其启动进行计时构成可计算经过缓冲管的液体流量的流量计; 所述储液罐底部还设置有 An animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus comprising: a reservoir, the bottom thereof is provided with a rotatable wheel; the number of said plurality of rotatable wheels, wherein at least one I to be universal steering round; automatic pipetting apparatus, which comprises a pipette, a liquid pipe and water chestnut, wherein the first end of the suction pipe disposed inside the liquid reservoir, the second end of the suction pipette with water chestnut the inlet communicating water chestnut by the driving of the liquid in the reservoir is sucked, to said first end in communication with the water outlet of the pipette Li; and the pipette to the liquid pipe are hoses ; dosing device, which includes a buffer tube and a flowmeter, wherein a diameter of said buffer tube is greater than the fluid tube diameter hollow tube disposed in the buffer tube to a predetermined position on the liquid pipe and a liquid pipe in communication with, the flow meter by a pressure sensor and a timer, where the pressure sensor is provided in the inner wall of the buffer tube, the pressure sensor is connected with a timer which starts clocking by constituting tube buffered calculated liquid flow meter; the reservoir is also provided with a bottom 搅拌装置,所述搅拌装置包括转轴和浆片,所述浆片环绕转轴设置并由转轴带动进行旋转,所述转轴与一电机连接并由其驱动进行转动。 Stirring means, said stirring means comprises a rotating shaft and a paddle, the paddle provided around the shaft by a shaft driven to rotate, said shaft connected to and driven by a motor for rotation.
2.如权利要求1所述的动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,所述定量装置还包括自动阀门,所述自动阀门设置于给液管上接近于给液管第二端的位置,所述自动阀门与所述流量计连接并由流量计控制进行自动关闭。 2. The animal according to claim 1 automatic quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that, said metering means further includes an automatic valve, said automatic valve disposed in the second end position of the pipette to the liquid pipe close to, the said automatic valve is connected to the meter by a meter control automatically closed.
3.如权利要求2所述的动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,所述流量计上设置有用于重新进行流量计算的重启按钮,所述自动阀门与重启按钮连接并由其控制进行开启。 3. The animal automatic quantitative liquid filling apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the flow meter is provided with a reset button to re-calculate the flow rate of said automatic valve is connected to the reset button is turned on by its control .
4.如权利要求3所述的动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,所述流量计的定时器可调并使流量计设置有多个不同的液体流量计量阀值。 4. The animal according to claim 3 automatic quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that the flow meter and an adjustable timer is provided with a plurality of different flow meters of liquid flow measurement threshold.
5.如权利要求4所述的动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,所述定量装置还包括警报器,所述警报器与所述流量计连接并由其启动发出一定的提示;所述警报器可以是能够发出提示音的蜂鸣器或进行闪烁的灯具。 5. The animal as claimed in claim 4, wherein the automatic quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that, said metering means further comprising an alarm, the alarm is connected to the flow meter which is started by a certain prompt issued; the It may be able to issue an alarm buzzer sounds or flashing lamps.
6.如权利要求1所述的动物自动定量灌液装置,其特征在于,所述储液罐外壁设置有用于拉动储液罐的拉环;所述转动轮的数量为多个;所述吸液管的第一端通过卡环固定于所述储液罐内部的底部。 6. The animal according to claim 1 automatic quantitative liquid filling means, characterized in that the reservoir is provided with a tab for pulling the outer wall of the reservoir; the number of said plurality of rotatable wheels; said suction a first end of the liquid pipe by a snap ring fixed to the bottom of the interior of the reservoir.
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