CN104045162B - A kind of biological renovation method of surface water - Google Patents

A kind of biological renovation method of surface water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104045162B
CN104045162B CN201410288989.0A CN201410288989A CN104045162B CN 104045162 B CN104045162 B CN 104045162B CN 201410288989 A CN201410288989 A CN 201410288989A CN 104045162 B CN104045162 B CN 104045162B
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water
plant
emergent
plantation
purifying
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CN104045162A (en
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郭萍
朱昌雄
田云龙
叶婧
李红娜
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Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculturem of CAAS
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Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculturem of CAAS
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of water quality purification, particularly a kind of biological renovation method of surface water, adopt the combined grow purifying water body of floatingleaved plant, submerged plant and emergent; Floatingleaved plant comprises: poly-greatly algae, water opium poppy and water lily; Submerged plant comprises hydrilla verticillata; Emergent comprises: papyrus, Medulla Junci, cyperus alternifolius, reed, Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, Scirpus tabernaemontani, mullet grass, cattail, iris, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Calami.The biological renovation method of surface water provided by the invention, adopt multiple floatingleaved plant, multiple emergent and submerged plant combined grow purifying water body, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and carry out purifying contaminated water quality with the combined action of plant root, obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants, within 2 months, change water quality up to standard into by polluted source part Testing index, after half a year, whole index is substantially up to standard, and the clarification time is short, good purification, and purify the effect stability reached.

Description

A kind of biological renovation method of surface water
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of water quality purification, in particular to a kind of biological renovation method of surface water.
Background technology
Vast rural area, South China is mainly using natural waters such as dyke surface water or shallow ground waters as drinking water source.Due to South China, rainfall is plentiful, and water system is flourishing, and any discharge of aquaculture wastewater makes Rural Water Environment and waterhead area suffer severe contamination, causes rural drinking water safety problem day by day to highlight.
At present, a lot of country all purifies waste water in widespread use biological treatment measure, and to rebuild aquatic vegetation be one of Important Action of lake ecosystem shift.Through exploration for many years, people recognize that the water body utilizing higher aquatic plants purifying polluted is a kind of biotechnology of low-cost high-efficiency benefit.But different floristics, has different influence to water quality, and himself is also different to the receptivity of nutritive salt, therefore, selecting suitable waterplant to reach best effects of purification quality is one of Ecological Recovery of Water research emphasis.But existing higher aquatic plants purifying water body adopts single plant or a few plant to repair polluted river, lake ripple, long action time, poor effect, and purification after purification effect data is unstable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of biological renovation method of surface water, to solve the above problems.
Provide a kind of biological renovation method of surface water in an embodiment of the present invention, adopt the combined grow purifying water body of floatingleaved plant, submerged plant and emergent;
Described floatingleaved plant comprises: poly-greatly algae, water opium poppy and water lily;
Described submerged plant comprises hydrilla verticillata;
Described emergent comprises: papyrus, Medulla Junci, cyperus alternifolius, reed, Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, Scirpus tabernaemontani, mullet grass, cattail, iris, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Calami.
Preferably, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 45-55kg, water opium poppy 80-150 and water lily 20-30;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 10-50kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 80-120, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 40-60, reed 70-80, Canna generalis Bailey 150-250, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 450-550kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 40-50, mullet grass 100-200, cattail 20-30, iris 80-120, again power flower 100-200, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
Preferably, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 48-52kg, water opium poppy 80-85 and water lily 23-26;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 20-30kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 95-115, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 48-53, reed 72-77, Canna generalis Bailey 180-220, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 490-510kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 43-47, mullet grass 140-160, cattail 20-30, iris 90-110, again power flower 140-160, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
Preferably, described floatingleaved plant also comprises mater convolvulus, and the plantation amount of described mater convolvulus is every mu of 80-120.
Preferably, described emergent also comprises Taiwan matrimony vine, and the plantation amount of described Taiwan matrimony vine is every mu of 50-60.
Preferably, described emergent also comprises Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, and the plantation amount of described Caulis Miscanthis floriduli is every mu of 80-120.
Preferably, described floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and described buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris and again the power seeds of flowering plants be implanted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body.
Preferably, various types of plant is evenly planted.
Preferably, in described purifying water body, add the microbiobacterial agent with water purification function.
Preferably, described microbiobacterial agent is that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and it is that microbial inoculum is prepared burden with humic acid that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and the consumption that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum is: in purifying water body, microorganism concn reaches 0.5 × 10 5-1.5 × 10 5individual/ml.
The biological renovation method of the surface water that the embodiment of the present invention provides, adopt multiple floatingleaved plant, multiple emergent and submerged plant combined grow purifying water body, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and carry out purifying contaminated water quality with the combined action of plant root, obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants, within 2 months, change water quality up to standard into by polluted source part Testing index, after half a year, whole index is substantially up to standard, clarification time is short, good purification, and purify the effect stability reached.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 shows pH in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 2 shows DO in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 3 shows TN in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 4 shows NH in the embodiment of the present invention 1 3-N detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 5 shows COD in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 6 shows TP in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation;
Fig. 7 shows heat-resisting coliform in the embodiment of the present invention 1 and detects data variation graphic representation.
Embodiment
Also by reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below by specific embodiment.
A biological renovation method for surface water, adopts the combined grow purifying water body of floatingleaved plant, submerged plant and emergent;
Described floatingleaved plant comprises: poly-greatly algae, water opium poppy and water lily;
Described submerged plant comprises hydrilla verticillata;
Described emergent comprises: papyrus, Medulla Junci, cyperus alternifolius, reed, Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, Scirpus tabernaemontani, mullet grass, cattail, iris, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Calami.
The specifying information of various types of plant is as shown in table 1.
Table 1 planting plants kind
Waterplant is the important component part building artificial swamp, the purification speed of different waterplant to each composition of water body there are differences, the waterplant of the applicant to South China is investigated, collect 45 sections, more than 50 genus, more than 100 kind of Resources of Aquatic Plants, write Resources of Aquatic Plants collection of illustrative plates.The ability that it is purified waste water is evaluated, filter out the good waterplant of effect of purifying waste water, and having carried out composite test, the plant obtaining these kinds carries out combined grow in polluted-water, significantly improves ecotope and receives the ability clearing up sewage; Within 2 months, change water quality up to standard into by polluted source part Testing index, after half a year, whole index is substantially up to standard, and the clarification time is short, good purification, and purifies the effect stability reached.
Preferably, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 45-55kg, water opium poppy 80-150 and water lily 20-30;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 10-50kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 80-120, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 40-60, reed 70-80, Canna generalis Bailey 150-250, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 450-550kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 40-50, mullet grass 100-200, cattail 20-30, iris 80-120, again power flower 100-200, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
Further, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 48-52kg, water opium poppy 80-85 and water lily 23-26;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 20-30kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 95-115, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 48-53, reed 72-77, Canna generalis Bailey 180-220, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 490-510kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 43-47, mullet grass 140-160, cattail 20-30, iris 90-110, again power flower 140-160, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
Adopt the plant kind of the waterplant of this proportioning carry out cooperation plantation, what purify water is effective, and purification required for time short.
In order to increase decontamination effect improving, preferably, described floatingleaved plant also comprises mater convolvulus, and the plantation amount of described mater convolvulus is every mu of 80-120.
In order to increase decontamination effect improving, preferably, described emergent also comprises Taiwan matrimony vine, and the plantation amount of described Taiwan matrimony vine is every mu of 50-60.
In order to increase decontamination effect improving, preferably, described emergent also comprises Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, and the plantation amount of described Caulis Miscanthis floriduli is every mu of 80-120.
Floating bed for planting aquatic plants is just being widely used in river, the restoration of the ecosystem in lake and view field, it is the water surface hydroponics plant technology adopting modern agriculture and ecological engineering measure comprehensive integration, be the feasible green method of the economical and effective of eutrophication water in-situ immobilization, its economy and practicality obtain industry and admit widely.
Buoyant raft plantation floatingleaved plant is adopted to have the following advantages: (1) bascule can need to adjust plant growing position according to view or layout, multiple bamboo raft can be coupled together and be combined into different shapes; (2) replant or transplant plant ratio and be easier to, dismounting planting pot is changed; (3) different planting pots can be selected according to different types of waterplant; (4) make simply, raw material sources is easy, cost is low, environmental protection; (5) planting pot provides sufficient planting matrix for plant, promotes the growth of root system, is conducive to the growth of waterplant, alleviates the injury of phytophagy fish to root system; (6) avoid pond, river gushes because of heavy rain or meet floods, water level is anxious to rise and submerged plant, the situation of impact growth; (7) planting raft floats in water, safeguards than being easier to; (8) vertical pendulum bamboo pole, the top-stitching that supports bamboo pole and yaw bamboo pole are tied with iron wire, vertical pendulum bamboo pole, are provided with the iron nail or steel nail reinforced between support bamboo pole and yaw bamboo pole, and iron nail or steel nail are provided with the hangnail of anticreep, make bamboo raft more firm.
Preferably, Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris and again the power seeds of flowering plants be implanted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body.
The structure of buoyant raft is specially: comprise the buoyancy aid of bubbling through the water column, and buoyancy aid hangs with multiple planting container being exclusively used in planting aquatic plants.Buoyancy aid is as buoyant device, and planting container provides matrix planting soil for plant.Buoyancy aid is bamboo raft, can be rectangular layout, comprises the two yaw bamboo poles and two vertical pendulum bamboo poles that surround rectangle frame, and supports bamboo pole with arranged in parallel many of vertical pendulum bamboo pole; The selected bamboo that becomes a useful person is straight without damaged, uniform specification; Two yaw bamboo poles and two vertical pendulum bamboo poles head and the tail overlap joint, balance the buoyancy of whole bamboo raft; Support bamboo pole grid type bracing reinforcement with many in the middle of bamboo raft, be convenient to planting pot and hang thereon; Two vertical pendulum bamboo pole different diameters are comparatively large, and two yaw bamboo pole maximum diameters are not less than 12cm; Vertical pendulum bamboo pole, support bamboo pole and to connect with the fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches between yaw bamboo pole or joggle or line are tied up and be connected, as plastic tape or iron wire or Stainless Steel Wire or wooden unit etc., in order to make bamboo raft more firm, vertical pendulum bamboo pole, support between bamboo pole and yaw bamboo pole and be provided with the iron nail or steel nail reinforced, iron nail or steel nail are provided with the hangnail of anticreep.Planting container is plastic containers, and multiple pore is arranged at bottom, and the infiltration and the root system that are beneficial to moisture grow in water.Planting container can better be protected the growth of root system and alleviate the infringement of phytophagy fish to root system.The plane figure position of planting container and heavy water depth are according to the plant type size of waterplant, and plant forms, grows the situation Reasonable adjustment of speed and landscape effect.In order to plant floatingleaved plant, planting container used is that basin is hung in plantation, and plantation is hung basin and comprised planting pot, lifting rope and plastics fastener, facilitates plantation to hang basin and steadily hangs on bamboo raft.
In order to make water body evenly be purified, preferably, each plant is evenly planted.
Microorganism is most active biological control agents, and particularly the effect under given conditions of some peculiar microorganisms is very remarkable especially.Years of researches and application practice prove, through the microorganism of the evolution of millions of years, powerful adaptive faculty is defined to Protean the Nature and human society environment, there are huge potentiality in degradation of contaminant, make it become bioremediation technology exploitation in leading role, be described as the cleaner that the Nature is natural.Microorganism is due to the physiological property of self, can by spontaneous or that the artificial bioprocess such as heredity, variation conforms change, make it with various pollutent especially organic pollutant as nutrition source, by series reaction such as absorption, metabolism, be stablize harmless inorganics by the contamination transform in environment.Thus, in biosphere, microorganism act as the role of decomposer.The land producer of about 90% will act on the final inorganics that formed by decomposer and give back the earth.If do not have the effect of microorganism, residual body will pile up like a mountain for the biology only under accumulation over the years.Therefore, in order to increase the decontamination effect improving of water quality, preferably, the microbiobacterial agent with water purification function is added in described purifying water body, to reach the decontamination effect improving that different ecological position waterplant and microorganism are had complementary advantages, plant and collaborative enhancing of microorganism water body purify, and water body purification effect is very good.
Particularly, described microbiobacterial agent is that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and it is that microbial inoculum is prepared burden with humic acid that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and the consumption that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum is: in purifying water body, microorganism concn reaches 0.5 × 10 5-1.5 × 10 5individual/ml.The composition that AMGR used combines thalline is as shown in table 2.
Table 2AMGR combines the composition of microbial inoculum
Bacterial classification code name Kind Function Latin name
A (Asia-C-3) Subtilis Nitrococcus Bacillus subtilis
M (ammonia-4) Subtilis Ammonifying bacteria Bacillus subtilis
G (nitre-3) Pseudomonas mendocina Nitrifier Pseudomonas mendocina
R (trans-5) Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes Denitrifying bacteria Pseudomonas pseudoalealigenes
The ratio that AMGR combines between the preparation method of microbial inoculum and thalline is 201210008762.7 embodiments 1 with application number, and the effect of humic acid is bacterial classification sorbent material, and the number of its addition thalline routinely adds.
Adopt AMGR to combine microbial inoculum, and AMGR combines microbial inoculum prepares burden as microbial inoculum with humic acid, consumption to the microorganism concn of purifying water body that AMGR combines microbial inoculum reaches 0.5 × 10 5-1.5 × 10 5individual/ml, in conjunction with the plant in purifying water body, reaches the purification of different ecological position waterplant, and plant and collaborative enhancing of microorganism water body purify, and water body purification effect is very good.
In embodiment 1-5, TP is total phosphorous; TN is total nitrogen content; COD is chemical oxygen demand (COD); NH 3-N is ammonia-nitrogen content; DO is dissolved oxygen content; Each data determination method is as shown in table 3.
The chemical index that table 3 measures and measuring method
Embodiment 1
Plant plant in the fish pond, 2 mu of ground that have selected of agriculture four team of Guangdong Huizhou Tong Qiao Zhen Xinhua, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 50kg, water opium poppy 100 and water lily 25;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 30kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 100, Medulla Junci 5 clumps, cyperus alternifolius 50,75, reed, Canna generalis Bailey 200, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 500kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 45, mullet grass 150, cattail 25, iris 100, again power spend 150, Rhizoma Acori Calami 25;
Floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris and again the power seeds of flowering plants be implanted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body;
Various types of plant is evenly planted;
After planting plants, carry out the detection of water body observation and water body index, find, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and purified aquaculture wastewater with the combined action of plant root, when plant is planted by this quantity, ecological environment of fishpond can be significantly improved and receive the ability clearing up sewage; Obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants.
Monitoring data as shown in figs. 1-7, detects 1-13 month, and test every month once.Earth's surface III or IV class standard was just reached at 2 months as can be seen from Fig. 1-3, pH, DO, TN; The content of heat-resisting coliform during pollution in water body is 45000CFU/L, and after planting plant, as can be seen from Figure 7, just reaches earth's surface IV class standard when within 1st month, detecting; As can be seen from Figure 4, NH 3-N is also stable at 6 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; As can be seen from Figure 5, COD is also stable after 8 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; As can be seen from Figure 6, TP is also stable after 10 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard.Above-mentioned data show, after planting plants, the eutrophication in water body lowers gradually, and to when planting 2 months, pH, DO, TN and heat-resisting coliform reach earth's surface III or IV class standard, and pool water body COD, NH 3-N, TP reduce 52.1%, 50.8%, 68.2% respectively.Purification speed is fast, effective, and the decontamination effect improving reached is stablized.
Embodiment 2
Have selected the fish pond plantation plant on 2 mu of ground in agriculture four team of Guangdong Huizhou Tong Qiao Zhen Xinhua, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 45kg, water opium poppy 80, water lily 20 and 80, mater convolvulus;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 50kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 120, Medulla Junci 6 clumps, cyperus alternifolius 60,80, reed, Canna generalis Bailey 250, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 550kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 50, mullet grass 200, cattail 30, iris 120, again power spend 200, Rhizoma Acori Calami 30, Taiwan matrimony vine 60;
Floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris and again the power seeds of flowering plants be implanted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body;
Various types of plant is evenly planted;
After planting plants, carry out the detection of water body observation and water body index, find, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and purified aquaculture wastewater with the combined action of plant root, when plant is planted by this quantity, ecological environment of fishpond can be significantly improved and receive the ability clearing up sewage; Obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants.
Detection method is with embodiment 1, and the monitoring data obtained showed, and pH, DO, TN just reached earth's surface III or IV class standard at 2 months; Heat-resisting coliform reaches earth's surface IV class standard when within 1st month, detecting; NH 3-N is also stable at 6 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; COD is also stable after 7 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; TP is also stable after 8 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard.After planting plants, the eutrophication in water body lowers gradually, and to when planting 2 months, pH, DO, TN and heat-resisting coliform reach earth's surface III or IV class standard, and pool water body COD, NH 3-N, TP reduce 53.0%, 51.8%, 69.1% respectively.Purification speed is fast, good purification, and the decontamination effect improving reached is stablized.
Embodiment 3
The fish pond plantation plant that have selected 2 mu of ground of agriculture three team of Guangdong Huizhou Tong Qiao Zhen Xinhua, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 55kg, water opium poppy 150, water lily 30 and 120, mater convolvulus;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 40kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 80, Medulla Junci 4 clumps, cyperus alternifolius 40,70, reed, Canna generalis Bailey 150, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 450kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 40, mullet grass 100, cattail 20, iris 80, again power spend 100, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20, Taiwan matrimony vine 50, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli 80;
Floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris, again power flower and Caulis Miscanthis floriduli are planted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body;
Various types of plant is evenly planted;
After planting plants, carry out the detection of water body observation and water body index, find, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and purified aquaculture wastewater with the combined action of plant root, when plant is planted by this quantity, ecological environment of fishpond can be significantly improved and receive the ability clearing up sewage; Obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants.
Detection method is with embodiment 1, and the monitoring data obtained showed, and pH, DO, TN just reached earth's surface III or IV class standard at 2 months; Heat-resisting coliform reaches earth's surface IV class standard when within 1st month, detecting; NH 3-N is also stable at 5 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; COD is also stable after six months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; TP is also stable after 7 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard.After planting plants, the eutrophication in water body lowers gradually, and to when planting 2 months, pH, DO, TN and heat-resisting coliform reach earth's surface III or IV class standard, and pool water body COD, NH 3-N, TP reduce 53.7%, 52.1%, 69.8% respectively.Purification speed is fast, good purification, and the decontamination effect improving reached is stablized.
Embodiment 4
Have selected the fish pond plantation plant on 2 mu of ground in agriculture three team of Guangdong Huizhou Tong Qiao Zhen Xinhua, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 48kg, water opium poppy 100, water lily 23 and 100, mater convolvulus;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 10kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 95, Medulla Junci 5 clumps, cyperus alternifolius 48,72, reed, Canna generalis Bailey 180, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 490kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 43, mullet grass 140, cattail 20, iris 90, again power spend 120, Rhizoma Acori Calami 25, Taiwan matrimony vine 60, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli 120;
Floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris, again power flower and Caulis Miscanthis floriduli are planted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body;
Various types of plant is evenly planted;
The microbiobacterial agent with water purification function is added in purifying water body; Microbiobacterial agent is that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and it is that microbial inoculum is prepared burden with humic acid that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and consumption to the microorganism concn of purifying water body that AMGR combines microbial inoculum reaches 1.5 × 10 5individual/ml;
Planting plants and adding after microbiobacterial agent, carry out the detection of water body observation and water body index, find, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and purified aquaculture wastewater with the combined action of plant root microorganism, when plant is planted by this quantity, ecological environment of fishpond can be significantly improved and receive the ability clearing up sewage; Obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants.
Detection method is with embodiment 1, and the monitoring data obtained showed, and pH, DO, TN just reached earth's surface III or IV class standard at 2 months; Heat-resisting coliform reaches earth's surface IV class standard when within 1st month, detecting; NH 3-N is also stable at 4 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; COD is also stable after 3 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; TP is also stable after 4 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard.After planting plants, the eutrophication in water body lowers gradually, and to when planting 2 months, pH, DO, TN and heat-resisting coliform reach earth's surface III or IV class standard, and pool water body COD, NH 3-N, TP reduce 65.7%, 59.1%, 78.8% respectively.Purification speed is fast, good purification, and the decontamination effect improving reached is stablized.
Embodiment 5
The fish pond plantation plant on 2 mu of ground is have selected in agriculture three team of Guangdong Huizhou Tong Qiao Zhen Xinhua, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 52kg, water opium poppy 130, Thailand arrowhead 12, water lily 26 and 100, mater convolvulus;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 20kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 115, Medulla Junci 5 clumps, cyperus alternifolius 53,77, reed, Canna generalis Bailey 220, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 510kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 47, mullet grass 160, cattail 30, iris 110, again power spend 160, Rhizoma Acori Calami 30, Taiwan matrimony vine 60, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli 100;
Floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris, again power flower and Caulis Miscanthis floriduli are planted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body;
Various types of plant is evenly planted;
The microbiobacterial agent with water purification function is added in purifying water body; Microbiobacterial agent is that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and it is that microbial inoculum is prepared burden with humic acid that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and consumption to the microorganism concn of purifying water body that AMGR combines microbial inoculum reaches 0.5 × 10 5individual/ml;
Planting plants and adding after microbiobacterial agent, carry out the detection of water body observation and water body index, find, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and purified aquaculture wastewater with the combined action of plant root microorganism, when plant is planted by this quantity, ecological environment of fishpond can be significantly improved and receive the ability clearing up sewage; Obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants.
Detection method is with embodiment 1, and the monitoring data obtained showed, and pH, DO, TN just reached earth's surface III or IV class standard at 2 months; Heat-resisting coliform reaches earth's surface IV class standard when within 1st month, detecting; NH 3-N is also stable at 4 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; COD is also stable after 3 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard; TP is also stable after 4 months reaches earth's surface III or IV class standard.After planting plants, the eutrophication in water body lowers gradually, and to when planting 2 months, pH, DO, TN and heat-resisting coliform reach earth's surface III or IV class standard, and pool water body COD, NH 3-N, TP reduce 67.2%, 60.0%, 80.2% respectively.Purification speed is fast, good purification, and the decontamination effect improving reached is stablized.
In sum, the biological renovation method of surface water provided by the invention, adopt multiple floatingleaved plant, multiple emergent and submerged plant combined grow purifying water body, by precipitation, the filtration of waterplant and carry out purifying contaminated water quality with the combined action of plant root, reach different ecological position waterplant to the purification of water quality, obviously become limpid before water-quality ratio planting plants; Simultaneously in conjunction with microbially decontaminate, plant and microorganism water body synergistic purification water quality, water ecology decontamination effect improving is very good.NH 3-N, TP, TN are obtained for removal in various degree; COD also obtains reduction in various degree; the ecotope in Rural Water seedbed is made to obtain protection; the waste water principal pollutant achieving the super bad V class discharge in pig farm, demonstration area reach the emission standard of IV-V class surface water; the main pollution load in water source at least cuts down 20%; within 2 months, change water quality up to standard into by polluted source part Testing index; after half a year, whole index is substantially up to standard; clarification time is short; good purification, and purify the effect stability reached.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a biological renovation method for surface water, is characterized in that, adopts the combined grow purifying water body of floatingleaved plant, submerged plant and emergent;
Described floatingleaved plant comprises: poly-greatly algae, water opium poppy and water lily;
Described submerged plant comprises hydrilla verticillata;
Described emergent comprises: papyrus, Medulla Junci, cyperus alternifolius, reed, Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, Scirpus tabernaemontani, mullet grass, cattail, iris, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Calami;
By the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 45-55kg, water opium poppy 80-150 and water lily 20-30;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 10-50kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 80-120, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 40-60, reed 70-80, Canna generalis Bailey 150-250, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 450-550kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 40-50, mullet grass 100-200, cattail 20-30, iris 80-120, again power flower 100-200, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
2. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, by the mu number of purifying water body, the quantity of every mu of water body plantation floatingleaved plant is respectively: large poly-algae 48-52kg, water opium poppy 80-85 and water lily 23-26;
The quantity of every mu of water body kind planting submerged plant hydrilla verticillata is 20-30kg;
The quantity of every mu of water body plantation emergent is respectively: papyrus 95-115, Medulla Junci 4-6 clump, cyperus alternifolius 48-53, reed 72-77, Canna generalis Bailey 180-220, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb 490-510kg, Scirpus tabernaemontani 43-47, mullet grass 140-160, cattail 20-30, iris 90-110, again power flower 140-160, Rhizoma Acori Calami 20-30.
3. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described floatingleaved plant also comprises mater convolvulus, and the plantation amount of described mater convolvulus is every mu of 80-120.
4. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described emergent also comprises Taiwan matrimony vine, and the plantation amount of described Taiwan matrimony vine is every mu of 50-60.
5. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described emergent also comprises Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, and the plantation amount of described Caulis Miscanthis floriduli is every mu of 80-120.
6. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described floatingleaved plant is planted on buoyant raft, and described buoyant raft is placed on water body; Canna generalis Bailey, South America Lawn Pennywort Herb, iris and again the power seeds of flowering plants be implanted in water body bank; Remaining plant growing is in water body.
7. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, various types of plant is evenly planted.
8. the biological renovation method of the surface water according to any one of claim 1-7, is characterized in that, adds the microbiobacterial agent with water purification function in described purifying water body.
9. the biological renovation method of surface water according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described microbiobacterial agent is that AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and it is that microbial inoculum is prepared burden with humic acid that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum, and the consumption that described AMGR combines microbial inoculum is: in purifying water body, microorganism concn reaches 0.5 × 10 5-1.5 × 10 5individual/ml.
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