CN104043582B - The seperator of cracking rice - Google Patents

The seperator of cracking rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104043582B
CN104043582B CN201410240585.4A CN201410240585A CN104043582B CN 104043582 B CN104043582 B CN 104043582B CN 201410240585 A CN201410240585 A CN 201410240585A CN 104043582 B CN104043582 B CN 104043582B
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China
Prior art keywords
cracking rice
rice
steel wire
cracking
seperator
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CN201410240585.4A
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CN104043582A (en
Inventor
孙鹏
赵妍
王丽娟
田新庆
佟童
徐宏扬
陈武东
许才花
温海江
马文军
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HEILONGJIANG AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT PROCESSING MACHINERY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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HEILONGJIANG AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT PROCESSING MACHINERY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201410240585.4A priority Critical patent/CN104043582B/en
Publication of CN104043582A publication Critical patent/CN104043582A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to the one seperator of cracking rice, comprise the separation barrel of cracking rice; Which is provided with rice receiving cone; Cracking rice, separation barrel rear end is connected with product outlet, crack rice collection bucket and the coupled discharge blower fan of cracking rice are arranged at bottom; Frame, transmission device and motor and the separation barrel angle regulator etc. of fixing above each several part. The present invention, according to the profile feature of cracking rice in rice, will crack rice and separate in rice by the physical characteristic such as length, the width requirement of rice.

Description

The seperator of cracking rice
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rice processing equipment, relate to particularly a kind of to defective particle in riceCarry out the equipment of separating treatment.
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of living standards of the people, the kind to grain, edible quality, crudyRequire more and more higher, people no longer content just to have enough but more focus on eat. In recent years to greatlyThe demand of rice improves year by year, and the demand of especially high-grade rice increases especially year by year. Rice is through undueAfter processing, can remove the grade of defective particle raising rice in rice. Standard GB/T 1354" rice " claims to the content of cracking rice in rice, and directly affects the grade of rice. OrderIt is front abroad as Korea S, Japan conduct in-depth research and obtain larger progress the separation equipment of cracking rice,Apply more. China studies less at present aspect the separation equipment of cracking rice, and adopts traditional vibrating screen pieceScreening principle separates, and has the shortcomings such as vibrating noise is large, separative efficiency is low, productivity ratio is little, andOnly limit to laboratory apparatus in laboratory applications, fail to be applied to actual production. The present invention is based in riceThe profile feature of cracking rice, by the physical characteristic such as length, the width requirement of rice, adopts roto-siofter mesh screenPoint principle separates, have equipment use simple, easy to adjust, vibrating noise is little, separative efficiencyHigh, productivity ratio large, reliable operation, the advantage such as be easy to apply, and has now been applied to actual production,Can meet the various requirement of national standard to the content of cracking rice in rice.
Summary of the invention
To achieve these goals, the present invention has designed a kind of cleaning equipment, can realize broken in riceThe separating treatment of rice. It is mainly used in rice to clean processing, makes its content of cracking rice reach regulationRequirement.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The one seperator of cracking rice, comprising: frame; Be positioned at the receiving cone of frame top, establish point its bottomMaterial mouth connects respectively 2 cylinder feed hoppers; Two separation barrels of cracking rice, are arranged in each in parallel to each otherFrom a side of cylinder feed hopper discharging and be communicated with it; The described separation barrel of cracking rice further comprises transmissionAxle, it is fixed with drive through cylinder feed hopper and end; End plate, it is bolted is cracking riceSeparation barrel import one side; Switch-plate, it is positioned at the separation barrel being fixed on end plate of cracking rice; Push awayFlitch, it is fixed on power transmission shaft; Screw thread tension structure, by being fixed on equally spacedly vertically transmissionThe many groups nutted rod rotating on axle and with power transmission shaft forms, and every group of nutted rod is made up of 6 poles,The position correspondence of each pole of every group of nutted rod on power transmission shaft is identical, and one end of each pole is fixed onOn power transmission shaft, the other end is threaded connection steel wire pole, is parallel to power transmission shaft and is justifying thereby form6 of equidistant placement steel wire poles on week; Steel wire, circulates equably and is wrapped in steel wire pole in its gapUpper, uniform groove outside steel wire pole, makes steel wire in winding process, enter groove location; TensioningIn bar, be provided with screw thread tension structure, drive every steel wire pole outside by the tensioning nut rotating on itMobile; The collection bucket of cracking rice, it is arranged on the below of two separation barrels of cracking rice; Product outlet, it is solidFix in frame and with the discharging opening of two separation barrel one end of cracking rice and be connected; Motor, it is arranged on machineThe bottom of frame, by being arranged on the crack rice transmission of separation barrel end of the actuator drives of central rackWheel rotation; Blower fan, it is arranged on a side of the collection bucket of cracking rice; Angle regulator, it is arranged on wholeThe bottom of individual machine charging one side.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, described angle regulator comprises and being fixed in frameSupporting base, the two secondary support plates that connect by bolster connect respectively supporting base and bearing, seat supportsIn ground, two bolsters it, adjusting screw(rod) is installed.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, motor is also controlled the wheel speed of blower fan.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, described in the separation barrel of cracking rice also comprise steel wire pressing plate, itsBe fixed the initiating terminal and end end of steel wire.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, scraping wings is between adjacent nutted rod.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, described in the crack rice steel wire spacing of separation barrel adjustable.
A technological innovation of the present invention is that the structure of separation barrel is to adopt the outer circulation of cylinder framework to twineAround steel wire form " netted " screening structure, its effective sifting area is approximately that oscillatory type sieve is effectiveThe more than 2.3 times of sieving area, have greatly improved separative efficiency.
Another technological innovation of the present invention be to crack rice technology of separating treatment is gap between adjacent wiresDetermine. The present invention determines and divides according to the content of cracking rice in the different brackets rice of national standard propositionFrom the gap between cylinder steel wire, thereby complete the requirement separating cracking rice in rice.
Another technological innovation of the present invention is the screw thread tension structure in separation barrel, opens by rotationTensioning nut on tight bar drives steel wire pole outwards to move, thereby makes by being wrapped on steel wire poleGap uniformity between guaranteeing after steel wire tensioning, gap be evenly ensure screening quality important because ofElement.
Another technological innovation of the present invention be to crack rice angle regulator of seperator, by adjusting angleThe flow direction that degree adjusting device can make whole equipment separate along rice is the shape of inclination certain angleState, makes rice keep the trend tiltedly moving downward by Action of Gravity Field, adds the revolution of separation barrelEffect, makes rice can complete smoothly the mobile process separating, and equipment can be by a small margin in operation simultaneouslyRegulate productivity ratio.
The present invention is according to the profile feature of cracking rice in rice, by the physical characteristic such as length, width of riceRequire in rice, to crack rice and to separate, equipment operating is simple, easy to adjust, power consumption is little, suitableYing Xingqiang, productivity ratio are large, reliable operation, have solved the domestic separation equipment of cracking rice only for test determination instrumentThe problem of device application.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows that sieving area percentage is large, separative efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, useReliable and easy maintenance, is applicable to the separation requirement of cracking rice in different cultivars, different brackets rice, carriesHigh rice credit rating.
Of the present invention have a following distinguishing feature:
1, solved the domestic separation equipment production application problem of not cracking rice;
2, productivity ratio is high;
3, power consumption is little;
4, effective sifting area is large, and efficiency is high;
5, strong adaptability, simple to operate, use reliable and easy maintenance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the seperator of cracking rice of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of seperator of cracking rice;
Fig. 3 is the front view of separation barrel assembling;
Fig. 4 is the screw thread tension structure view of separation barrel.
Fig. 5 is the front view of guiding mechanism assembling.
In figure, 1. receiving cone, the separation barrel of 2. cracking rice, the collection bucket of 3. cracking rice, 4. frame, 5. becomesProduct outlet, 6. motor, 7. blower fan, 8. angle regulator, 9. transmission device, 10. steel wire pressing plate,11. steel wires, 12. scraping wings, 13. switch-plates, 14. end plates, 15. cylinder feed hoppers, 16. transmissionsAxle, 17. steel wire poles, 18. nutted rods, 19. bearings, 20. supporting bases, 21. adjusting screw(rod)s,22. support plates, 23. bolsters.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to Fig. 1,2,3,4 and 5, the seperator of cracking rice of the present invention comprises receiving cone 1, crack rice pointFrom cylinder 2, the collection bucket 3 of cracking rice, frame 4, product outlet 5, motor 6, blower fan 7, angular adjustmentDevice 8, transmission device 9, steel wire pressing plate 10, steel wire 11, scraping wings 12, switch-plate 13, end plate14, cylinder feed hopper 15, power transmission shaft 16, steel wire pole 17, nutted rod 18, bearing 19, supportingSeat 20, adjusting screw(rod) 21, support plate 22, bolster 23.
Wherein, receiving cone 1 is positioned at the top of frame 4, and its bottom is established sub-material mouth and connected respectively 2 and rollCylinder feed hopper 15, two of the being parallel to each other separation barrel 2 (shown in Fig. 2) of cracking rice is arranged in separatelyOne side of cylinder feed hopper 15 dischargings is also communicated with it; The below of two separation barrels 2 of cracking rice is provided with altogetherThe collection bucket 3 of cracking rice; The discharging opening of two separation barrel 2 one end of cracking rice be fixed in frame 4A product outlet 5 is connected; Motor 6 is arranged on the bottom of frame 4, and it is by being arranged on frame 4The transmission device 9 at middle part drives the separation barrel 2 of cracking rice to rotate, and blower fan 7 is arranged on the collection bucket 3 of cracking riceOne side; Bottom in seperator charging one side of cracking rice is also provided with angle regulator 8, can make equipment wholeThe flow direction that body separates along rice is the state of inclination certain angle, thereby leans on Action of Gravity Field and pass throughThe revolution of separation barrel 2 of cracking rice makes rice keep the separated flow state to product outlet 5 directions.
With reference to Fig. 1, the operating type of the seperator of cracking rice of the present invention is that rice is laggard through receiving cone 1 sub-materialEnter 2 coupled cylinder feed hoppers 15, and then enter two separation barrels 2 of cracking rice and divideDirectly fall into from, cracking rice of wherein sieving out the collection bucket 3 being blown out by blower fan 7 of cracking rice, all the other reachThe rice that regulation requires enters outside product outlet 5 discharge machines by separation barrel 2 discharging openings of cracking rice.
With reference to Fig. 2, the present invention crack rice the power of seperator by motor 6 by V--belt Drive device 9Offer blower fan 7 and the separation barrel 2 of cracking rice. The air quantity that ensures blower fan 7 according to the floating velocity of cracking rice reachesBe blown the requirement outside machine to cracking rice, transmission device 9 is by power transmission shaft 16 ends of the separation barrel 2 of cracking riceThe drive of portion drives two separation barrels 2 of cracking rice to rotate.
With reference to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the separation barrel 2 of cracking rice of the seperator of cracking rice of the present invention is by steel wire pressing plate10, steel wire 11, scraping wings 12, switch-plate 13, end plate 14, cylinder feed hopper 15, power transmission shaft 16,Steel wire pole 17, nutted rod 18 form. The separation barrel 2 of cracking rice has been the critical pieces of cracking rice and separating,By being fixed on power transmission shaft 16 driven rotary on the drive of end, rice is entered and is rolled by receiving cone 1Cylinder feed hopper 15, end plate 14 is bolted in separation barrel 2 import one sides of cracking rice, prevent rice fromImport spills and by being positioned at the separation barrel of cracking rice (2) and being fixed on the switch-plate 13 on end plate 14And be fixed on the effect of the scraping wings 12 on power transmission shaft 16 and between adjacent nutted rod 18, make largeRice, in the fully stirring separation in separation barrel 2 of cracking rice, has improved separating effect effectively, successfully logicalCross the whole separation barrel 2 of cracking rice and complete the separation process of cracking rice in rice. Separation barrel with reference to Fig. 4In screw thread tension structure. Crack rice the screw thread tension structure of separation barrel 2 by solid equally spacedly verticallyFix on many groups of (a kind of embodiments of the application that rotate on power transmission shaft 16 and with power transmission shaft 16Can be 4 groups) nutted rod 18 forms, by bolt, nutted rod 18 is fixed on power transmission shaft 16,Power transmission shaft 16 is through cylinder feed hopper 15, and cylinder feed hopper 15 is fixed in frame 4, not with transmissionAxle 16 rotates together. Every group of nutted rod 18 is made up of 6 poles, each of every group of nutted rod 18The position correspondence of bar on power transmission shaft 16 is identical, and one end of each pole is fixed on power transmission shaft 16, anotherOne end is threaded connection respectively 6 steel wire poles 17, guarantees that 6 steel wire poles 17 are parallel to transmissionAxle 16 and on circumference equidistant placement, steel wire 11 gap uniform circulations are wrapped on steel wire pole 17,The steel wire pole 17 uniform grooves in outside, make steel wire 11 in winding process, enter groove location, steelThe initiating terminal of silk 11 is fixed by steel wire pressing plate 10 with finishing end, is provided with in nutted rod 18 simultaneouslyScrew thread tension structure, drives every steel wire pole 17 outwards to move by the tensioning nut rotating on it,Thereby guarantee steel wire 11 on winding steel wire pole 17 gap uniformity each other after tensioning,Gap is evenly the key factor that ensures screening quality.
With reference to Fig. 5, the angle regulator 8 of the seperator of cracking rice of the present invention comprises and is fixed on frame 4On supporting base 20, the two secondary support plates 22 that connect by bolster 23 connect respectively supporting base 20 HesBearing 19, bearing 19 is supported in ground, between two bolsters 23, adjusting screw(rod) 21 is installed. AngleDegree adjusting device 8 is arranged on the bottom of seperator charging one side of cracking rice, upper end fixed support frame 4, underEnd is supported in ground, can make whole equipment lift from charging one side direction, thereby makes complete machine tilt oneDetermine angle, downward-sloping along rice flow direction, thus in the time of operation, can regulate productivity ratio. ToolBody, is furthered or is pushed away the distance of two bolsters 23 far away and supporting by rotation adjusting screw(rod) 21The moving up or down of drive bearing 19 and supporting base 20 under the support of plate 22, due to bearing 19Be placed in ground and supporting base 20 is fixed in frame 4, by moving up or down of supporting base 20,The right-hand member of raising frame 4, makes rack inclining, thereby completes the adjusting to angle of inclination, complete machine right side,Realize the adjusting to the seperator productivity ratio of cracking rice.

Claims (6)

1. the seperator of cracking rice, comprising:
Frame (4);
Be positioned at the receiving cone (1) of frame (4) top, its bottom is established sub-material mouth and is connected respectively 2Individual cylinder feed hopper (15);
Two separation barrels of cracking rice (2), are arranged in cylinder feed hopper (15) separately in parallel to each otherOne side of discharging is also communicated with it;
It is characterized in that, described in the separation barrel of cracking rice further comprise:
Power transmission shaft (16), it is fixed with transmission through cylinder feed hopper (15) and endWheel;
End plate (14), it is bolted in the separation barrel of cracking rice (2) import one side;
Switch-plate (13), it is positioned at the separation barrel of cracking rice (2) and is fixed on end plate (14)On;
Scraping wings (12), it is fixed on power transmission shaft (16);
Screw thread tension structure, by being fixed on equally spacedly vertically on power transmission shaft (16) alsoMany groups nutted rod (18) with power transmission shaft (16) rotation forms, every group of nutted rod (18)Formed the position pair of each pole of every group of nutted rod (18) on power transmission shaft by 6 polesShould be identical, it is upper that one end of each pole is fixed on power transmission shaft (16), and the other end is threaded connectionSteel wire pole (17), is parallel to power transmission shaft (16) and equidistant placement on circumference thereby form6 steel wire poles (17);
Steel wire (11), circulate equably and be wrapped in steel wire pole (17) above in its gap,The uniform groove in steel wire pole (17) outside, makes steel wire (11) in winding process, enter ditchGroove location;
Nutted rod is provided with screw thread tension structure in (18), by rotating the tensioning spiral shell on itThe moving every steel wire pole (17) of master tape is outwards moved;
The collection bucket (3) of cracking rice, it is arranged on the below of two separation barrels of cracking rice (2);
Product outlet (5), its be fixed on frame (4) upper and with two separation barrels of cracking rice (2)The discharging opening of one end is connected;
Motor (6), it is arranged on the bottom of frame (4), by being arranged in frame (4)The transmission device (9) of portion drives the drive rotation of separation barrel (2) end of cracking rice;
Blower fan (7), it is arranged on a side of the collection bucket of cracking rice (3);
Angle regulator (8), it is arranged on the bottom of whole machine charging one side.
2. the seperator of cracking rice as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described angle is adjustedRegulating device (8) comprises the supporting base (20) being fixed in frame (4), by bolster (23)The two secondary support plates (22) that connect connect respectively supporting base (20) and bearing (19), bearing(19) be supported in ground, adjusting screw(rod) (21) is installed between two bolsters (23).
3. the seperator of cracking rice as described in any one in claim 1-2, is characterized in that,Motor (6) is also controlled the wheel speed of blower fan (7).
4. the seperator of cracking rice as described in any one in claim 1-2, is characterized in that,The described separation barrel of cracking rice (2) also comprises steel wire pressing plate (10), and it is fixed steel wire (11)Initiating terminal with finish end.
5. the seperator of cracking rice as described in any one in claim 1-2, is characterized in that,Scraping wings (12) is positioned between adjacent nutted rod (18).
6. the seperator of cracking rice as described in any one in claim 1-2, is characterized in that,The steel wire spacing of the described separation barrel of cracking rice is adjustable.
CN201410240585.4A 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 The seperator of cracking rice Active CN104043582B (en)

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CN104043582B true CN104043582B (en) 2016-05-11

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104190612A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-10 滁州市川奇水泥制品有限公司 Pebble cleaning and screening device
CN106733584B (en) * 2016-11-16 2019-03-05 余庆县大凉山米业有限责任公司 Centrifugal rice screening machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19616359A1 (en) * 1996-02-14 1997-08-21 Kurt Schnellbacher Grain and granule size grading cylinder
CN2845928Y (en) * 2005-10-14 2006-12-13 李仲之 Fine rice sorter
CN202741333U (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-02-20 昌吉市老炒坊农产品开发有限责任公司 Multifunctional screening machine
CN202962830U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-06-05 清华大学 Spherical particle continuous screening machine
CN203886788U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-22 黑龙江省农副产品加工机械化研究所 Broken rice separator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19616359A1 (en) * 1996-02-14 1997-08-21 Kurt Schnellbacher Grain and granule size grading cylinder
CN2845928Y (en) * 2005-10-14 2006-12-13 李仲之 Fine rice sorter
CN202741333U (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-02-20 昌吉市老炒坊农产品开发有限责任公司 Multifunctional screening machine
CN202962830U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-06-05 清华大学 Spherical particle continuous screening machine
CN203886788U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-22 黑龙江省农副产品加工机械化研究所 Broken rice separator

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